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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658617/reliable-and-elastic-propagation-of-cortical-seizures-in%C3%A2-vivo
#1
Michael Wenzel, Jordan P Hamm, Darcy S Peterka, Rafael Yuste
Mapping the fine-scale neural activity that underlies epilepsy is key to identifying potential control targets of this frequently intractable disease. Yet, the detailed in vivo dynamics of seizure progression in cortical microcircuits remain poorly understood. We combine fast (30-Hz) two-photon calcium imaging with local field potential (LFP) recordings to map, cell by cell, the spread of locally induced (4-AP or picrotoxin) seizures in anesthetized and awake mice. Using single-layer and microprism-assisted multilayer imaging in different cortical areas, we uncover reliable recruitment of local neural populations within and across cortical layers, and we find layer-specific temporal delays, suggesting an initial supra-granular invasion followed by deep-layer recruitment during lateral seizure spread...
June 27, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577986/automated-analysis-of-brain-activity-for-seizure-detection-in-zebrafish-models-of-epilepsy
#2
Borbála Hunyadi, Aleksandra Siekierska, Jo Sourbron, Daniëlle Copmans, Peter A M de Witte
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition, with over 30% of cases unresponsive to treatment. Zebrafish larvae show great potential to serve as an animal model of epilepsy in drug discovery. Thanks to their high fecundity and relatively low cost, they are amenable to high-throughput screening. However, the assessment of seizure occurrences in zebrafish larvae remains a bottleneck, as visual analysis is subjective and time-consuming. NEW METHOD: For the first time, we present an automated algorithm to detect epileptic discharges in single-channel local field potential (LFP) recordings in zebrafish...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480502/enriched-environment-attenuates-behavioral-seizures%C3%A2-and-depression-in-chronic%C3%A2-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#3
Marigowda Vrinda, Arun Sasidharan, Sahajan Aparna, Bettadapura N Srikumar, Bindu M Kutty, Byrathnahalli S Shankaranarayana Rao
OBJECTIVE: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is commonly associated with depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairment. Despite significant progress in our understanding of the pathophysiology of TLE, it remains the most common form of refractory epilepsy. Enriched environment (EE) has a beneficial effect in many neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the effect of EE on cognitive changes in chronic TLE has not been evaluated. Accordingly, the present study evaluated the effects of EE on chronic epilepsy-induced alterations in cognitive functions, electrophysiology, and cellular changes in the hippocampus...
May 8, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286184/altered-functional-efficacy-of-hippocampal-interneuron-during-epileptogenesis-following-febrile-seizures
#4
Yeon Hee Yu, Kahyun Lee, Dal Sik Sin, Kyung-Ho Park, Dae-Kyoon Park, Duk-Soo Kim
Febrile seizure (FS) is the most common seizure type in infants and young children. FS may induce functional changes in the hippocampal circuitries. Abnormality of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmissions was previously related to wide-spread seizure attack in the hippocampus following recurrent seizure onset. To clarify the involvement of expressional changes and functional alterations of hippocampal interneurons with epileptogenesis following FS, we investigated long-term effects following recurrent seizure in a hyperthermia-induced seizure animal model...
March 7, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269702/predicting-seizures-from-local-field-potentials-recorded-via-intracortical-microelectrode-arrays
#5
Mehdi Aghagolzadeh, Leigh R Hochberg, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo
The need for new therapeutic interventions to treat pharmacologically resistant focal epileptic seizures has led recently to the development of closed-loop systems for seizure control. Once a seizure is predicted/detected by the system, electrical stimulation is delivered to prevent seizure initiation or spread. So far, seizure prediction/detection has been limited to tracking non-invasive electroencephalogram (EEG) or intracranial EEG (iEEG) signals. Here, we examine seizure prediction based on local field potentials (LFPs) from a small neocortical patch recorded via a 10×10 microelectrode array implanted in a patient with focal seizures...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227963/predicting-seizures-from-local-field-potentials-recorded-via-intracortical-microelectrode-arrays
#6
Mehdi Aghagolzadeh, Leigh R Hochberg, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo, Mehdi Aghagolzadeh, Leigh R Hochberg, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo, Mehdi Aghagolzadeh, Leigh R Hochberg
The need for new therapeutic interventions to treat pharmacologically resistant focal epileptic seizures has led recently to the development of closed-loop systems for seizure control. Once a seizure is predicted/detected by the system, electrical stimulation is delivered to prevent seizure initiation or spread. So far, seizure prediction/detection has been limited to tracking non-invasive electroencephalogram (EEG) or intracranial EEG (iEEG) signals. Here, we examine seizure prediction based on local field potentials (LFPs) from a small neocortical patch recorded via a 10×10 microelectrode array implanted in a patient with focal seizures...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891080/enhanced-burst-suppression-and-disruption-of-local-field-potential-synchrony-in-a-mouse-model-of-focal-cortical-dysplasia-exhibiting-spike-wave-seizures
#7
Anthony J Williams, Chen Zhou, Qian-Quan Sun
Focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) are a common cause of brain seizures and are often associated with intractable epilepsy. Here we evaluated aberrant brain neurophysiology in an in vivo mouse model of FCD induced by neonatal freeze lesions (FLs) to the right cortical hemisphere (near S1). Linear multi-electrode arrays were used to record extracellular potentials from cortical and subcortical brain regions near the FL in anesthetized mice (5-13 months old) followed by 24 h cortical electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings...
2016: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746231/tracking-recurrence-of-correlation-structure-in-neuronal-recordings
#8
Samuel A Neymotin, Zoe N Talbot, Jeeyune Q Jung, André A Fenton, William W Lytton
BACKGROUND: Correlated neuronal activity in the brain is hypothesized to contribute to information representation, and is important for gauging brain dynamics in health and disease. Due to high dimensional neural datasets, it is difficult to study temporal variations in correlation structure. NEW METHOD: We developed a multiscale method, Population Coordination (PCo), to assess neural population structure in multiunit single neuron ensemble and multi-site local field potential (LFP) recordings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739854/time-evolution-of-interhemispheric-coupling-in-a-model-of-focal-neocortical-epilepsy-in-mice
#9
F Vallone, E Vannini, A Cintio, M Caleo, A Di Garbo
Epilepsy is characterized by substantial network rearrangements leading to spontaneous seizures and little is known on how an epileptogenic focus impacts on neural activity in the contralateral hemisphere. Here, we used a model of unilateral epilepsy induced by injection of the synaptic blocker tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) in the mouse primary visual cortex (V1). Local field potential (LFP) signals were simultaneously recorded from both hemispheres of each mouse in acute phase (peak of toxin action) and chronic condition (completion of TeNT effects)...
September 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488433/interaction-between-synaptic-inhibition-and-glial-potassium-dynamics-leads-to-diverse-seizure-transition-modes-in-biophysical-models-of-human-focal-seizures
#10
E C Y Ho, Wilson Truccolo
How focal seizures initiate and evolve in human neocortex remains a fundamental problem in neuroscience. Here, we use biophysical neuronal network models of neocortical patches to study how the interaction between inhibition and extracellular potassium ([K (+)] o ) dynamics may contribute to different types of focal seizures. Three main types of propagated focal seizures observed in recent intracortical microelectrode recordings in humans were modelled: seizures characterized by sustained (∼30-60 Hz) gamma local field potential (LFP) oscillations; seizures where the onset in the propagated site consisted of LFP spikes that later evolved into rhythmic (∼2-3 Hz) spike-wave complexes (SWCs); and seizures where a brief stage of low-amplitude fast-oscillation (∼10-20 Hz) LFPs preceded the SWC activity...
October 2016: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014179/low-dimensional-models-of-neuro-glio-vascular-unit-for-describing-neural-dynamics-under-normal-and-energy-starved-conditions
#11
Karishma Chhabria, V Srinivasa Chakravarthy
The motivation of developing simple minimal models for neuro-glio-vascular (NGV) system arises from a recent modeling study elucidating the bidirectional information flow within the NGV system having 89 dynamic equations (1). While this was one of the first attempts at formulating a comprehensive model for neuro-glio-vascular system, it poses severe restrictions in scaling up to network levels. On the contrary, low--dimensional models are convenient devices in simulating large networks that also provide an intuitive understanding of the complex interactions occurring within the NGV system...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975603/characterization-of-long-range-functional-connectivity-in-epileptic-networks-by-neuronal-spike-triggered-local-field-potentials
#12
Beth A Lopour, Richard J Staba, John M Stern, Itzhak Fried, Dario L Ringach
OBJECTIVE: Quantifying the relationship between microelectrode-recorded multi-unit activity (MUA) and local field potentials (LFPs) in distinct brain regions can provide detailed information on the extent of functional connectivity in spatially widespread networks. These methods are common in studies of cognition using non-human animal models, but are rare in humans. Here we applied a neuronal spike-triggered impulse response to electrophysiological recordings from the human epileptic brain for the first time, and we evaluate functional connectivity in relation to brain areas supporting the generation of seizures...
April 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26953232/pre-ictal-increase-in-theta-synchrony-between-the-hippocampus-and-prefrontal-cortex-in-a-rat-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#13
Ana Clara Silveira Broggini, Ingrid Miranda Esteves, Rodrigo Neves Romcy-Pereira, João Pereira Leite, Richardson Naves Leão
The pathologically synchronized neuronal activity in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) can be triggered by network events that were once normal. Under normal conditions, hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) work in synchrony during a variety of cognitive states. Abnormal changes in this circuit may aid to seizure onset and also help to explain the high association of TLE with mood disorders. We used a TLE rat model generated by perforant path (PP) stimulation to understand whether synchrony between dorsal hippocampal and mPFC networks is altered shortly before a seizure episode...
May 2016: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26859260/millimeter-scale-epileptiform-spike-propagation-patterns-and-their-relationship-to-seizures
#14
Ann C Vanleer, Justin A Blanco, Joost B Wagenaar, Jonathan Viventi, Diego Contreras, Brian Litt
OBJECTIVE: Current mapping of epileptic networks in patients prior to epilepsy surgery utilizes electrode arrays with sparse spatial sampling (∼1.0 cm inter-electrode spacing). Recent research demonstrates that sub-millimeter, cortical-column-scale domains have a role in seizure generation that may be clinically significant. We use high-resolution, active, flexible surface electrode arrays with 500 μm inter-electrode spacing to explore epileptiform local field potential (LFP) spike propagation patterns in two dimensions recorded from subdural micro-electrocorticographic signals in vivo in cat...
April 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26611159/ictal-onset-patterns-of-local-field-potentials-high-frequency-oscillations-and-unit-activity-in-human-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#15
Shennan Aibel Weiss, Catalina Alvarado-Rojas, Anatol Bragin, Eric Behnke, Tony Fields, Itzhak Fried, Jerome Engel, Richard Staba
OBJECTIVE: To characterize local field potentials, high frequency oscillations, and single unit firing patterns in microelectrode recordings of human limbic onset seizures. METHODS: Wide bandwidth local field potential recordings were acquired from microelectrodes implanted in mesial temporal structures during spontaneous seizures from six patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. RESULTS: In the seizure onset zone, distinct epileptiform discharges were evident in the local field potential prior to the time of seizure onset in the intracranial EEG...
January 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456350/blockade-of-t-type-calcium-channels-prevents-tonic-clonic-seizures-in-a-maximal-electroshock-seizure-model
#16
Sophie Sakkaki, Giuseppe Gangarossa, Benoit Lerat, Dominique Françon, Luc Forichon, Jean Chemin, Emmanuel Valjent, Mireille Lerner-Natoli, Philippe Lory
T-type (Cav3) calcium channels play important roles in neuronal excitability, both in normal and pathological activities of the brain. In particular, they contribute to hyper-excitability disorders such as epilepsy. Here we have characterized the anticonvulsant properties of TTA-A2, a selective T-type channel blocker, in mouse. Using the maximal electroshock seizure (MES) as a model of tonic-clonic generalized seizures, we report that mice treated with TTA-A2 (0.3 mg/kg and higher doses) were significantly protected against tonic seizures...
February 2016: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279211/microscale-spatiotemporal-dynamics-during-neocortical-propagation-of-human-focal-seizures
#17
Fabien B Wagner, Emad N Eskandar, G Rees Cosgrove, Joseph R Madsen, Andrew S Blum, N Stevenson Potter, Leigh R Hochberg, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo
Some of the most clinically consequential aspects of focal epilepsy, e.g. loss of consciousness, arise from the generalization or propagation of seizures through local and large-scale neocortical networks. Yet, the dynamics of such neocortical propagation remain poorly understood. Here, we studied the microdynamics of focal seizure propagation in neocortical patches (4×4 mm) recorded via high-density microelectrode arrays (MEAs) implanted in people with pharmacologically resistant epilepsy. Our main findings are threefold: (1) a newly developed stage segmentation method, applied to local field potentials (LFPs) and multiunit activity (MUA), revealed a succession of discrete seizure stages, each lasting several seconds...
November 15, 2015: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25954146/diffusion-tensor-imaging-detects-chronic-microstructural-changes-in-white-and-gray-matter-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rat
#18
Teemu Laitinen, Alejandra Sierra, Tamuna Bolkvadze, Asla Pitkänen, Olli Gröhn
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death in people of all ages worldwide. An initial brain injury caused by external mechanical forces triggers a cascade of tissue changes that lead to a wide spectrum of symptoms and disabilities, such as cognitive deficits, mood or anxiety disorders, motor impairments, chronic pain, and epilepsy. We investigated the detectability of secondary injury at a chronic time-point using ex vivo diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in a rat model of TBI, lateral fluid percussion (LFP) injury...
2015: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25938224/investigating-the-function-of-deep-cortical-and-subcortical-structures-using-stereotactic-electroencephalography-lessons-from-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex
#19
Robert A McGovern, Tarini Ratneswaren, Elliot H Smith, Jennifer F Russo, Amy C Jongeling, Lisa M Bateman, Catherine A Schevon, Neil A Feldstein, Guy M McKhann, Sameer Sheth
Stereotactic Electroencephalography (SEEG) is a technique used to localize seizure foci in patients with medically intractable epilepsy. This procedure involves the chronic placement of multiple depth electrodes into regions of the brain typically inaccessible via subdural grid electrode placement. SEEG thus provides a unique opportunity to investigate brain function. In this paper we demonstrate how SEEG can be used to investigate the role of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) in cognitive control...
April 15, 2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25878159/cortical-drive-of-low-frequency-oscillations-in-the-human-nucleus-accumbens-during-action-selection
#20
EDITORIAL
Max-Philipp Stenner, Vladimir Litvak, Robb B Rutledge, Tino Zaehle, Friedhelm C Schmitt, Jürgen Voges, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Raymond J Dolan
The nucleus accumbens is thought to contribute to action selection by integrating behaviorally relevant information from multiple regions, including prefrontal cortex. Studies in rodents suggest that information flow to the nucleus accumbens may be regulated via task-dependent oscillatory coupling between regions. During instrumental behavior, local field potentials (LFP) in the rat nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex are coupled at delta frequencies (Gruber AJ, Hussain RJ, O'Donnell P. PLoS One 4: e5062, 2009), possibly mediating suppression of afferent input from other areas and thereby supporting cortical control (Calhoon GG, O'Donnell P...
July 2015: Journal of Neurophysiology
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