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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132117/an-extrapulmonary-manifestation-of-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-a-rare-case-report
#1
L Volkan Tümay, Osman Serhat Güner, Abdullah Zorluoğlu
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare and fatal disease which occurs almost exclusively in young women. The disease often affects lungs and most of the patients die from respiratory failure. It is often initially misdiagnosed as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The most common presentations of pulmonary LAM (P-LAM) include dyspnea and coughing. Chylothorax and spontaneous pneumothorax may be seen in advanced cases. Although rare, it may present with extrapulmonary LAM (E-LAM). Renal angiomyolipomas and abdominal lymphadenopathies (LAPs) are common in E-LAM cases...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110704/endobronchial-one-way-valves-for-treatment-of-persistent-air-leaks-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Mei Ding, Ya-Dong Gao, Xian-Tao Zeng, Yi Guo, Jiong Yang
Persistent air leak (PAL) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, prolonged hospitalization and increased health-care costs. It can arise from a number of conditions, including pneumothorax, necrotizing infection, trauma, malignancies, procedural interventions and complications after thoracic surgery. Numerous therapeutic options, including noninvasive and invasive techniques, are available to treat PALs. Recently, endobronchial one-way valves have been used to treat PAL. We conducted a systematic review based on studies retrieved from PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane library...
November 6, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040482/strategies-to-reduce-pulmonary-complications-after-transhiatal-esophagectomy
#3
A M Gillinov, R F Heitmiller
Background: By eliminating a thoracotomy, transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) is purported to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications. However, data from many early series do not support this contention, documenting pulmonary complications in up to 50% of patients and pneumonia in 5%-20%. Since 1990, we have implemented a management strategy designed to maximize airway protection in the postoperative period. The purpose of this study was to determine the current incidence of pulmonary complications after transhiatal esophagectomy without thoracotomy...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905224/the-outcome-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence-and-extended-hospitalization-of-secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#4
Yoshitaro Saito, Yohei Suzuki, Ryo Demura, Hideki Kawai
PURPOSE: Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) is difficult to treat by itself and due to its association with serious underlying diseases. It has a high rate of recurrence and often requires extended hospitalization. Therefore, we evaluated the outcome and risk factors associated with recurrence and extended hospitalization. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 61 patients with SSP, and evaluated the patients' characteristics, underlying diseases, introduction of home oxygen therapy, Brinkman index, and X-ray imaging findings to determine the risk factors for recurrence and extended hospitalization...
September 13, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886850/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-lower-surgical-risk-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Vincent Auffret, Victor Becerra Munoz, Aurélie Loirat, Eric Dumont, Hervé Le Breton, Jean-Michel Paradis, Daniel Doyle, Robert De Larochellière, Siamak Mohammadi, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, François Dagenais, Marc Bedossa, Dominique Boulmier, Guillaume Leurent, Lluis Asmarats, Ander Regueiro, Chekrallah Chamandi, Tania Rodriguez-Gabella, Emile Voisine, Anne-Sophie Moisan, Martin Thoenes, Mélanie Côté, Rishi Puri, Pierre Voisine, Josep Rodés-Cabau
Respiratory complications are a major factor contributing to postoperative morbidity and mortality, especially in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our objective was to compare the rate of respiratory complications in patients with COPD with severe aortic stenosis who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Low-to-intermediate surgical-risk patients with moderate or severe COPD who underwent TAVI or SAVR at 2 tertiary centers were included in this study...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735733/incidence-predictors-and-outcomes-associated-with-pneumothorax-during-cardiac-electronic-device-implantation-a-16-year-review-in-over-3-7-million-patients
#6
Gbolahan O Ogunbayo, Richard Charnigo, Yousef Darrat, Gustavo Morales, John Kotter, Odunayo Olorunfemi, Ayman Elbadawi, Vincent L Sorrell, Susan S Smyth, Claude S Elayi
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax (PTX) is a potential complication of vascular access during cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) procedures and is being scrutinized as a health care-acquired condition. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the trends in PTX incidence in the United Stated over a 16-year period and to determine whether PTX is associated with increased mortality after adjustment for other factors. METHODS: Using weighted sampling in the largest inpatient health database in the United States (National Inpatient Sample), we evaluated data from patients with a primary procedure of CIED implantation from 1998 to 2013 who had at least 1 new vascular access (new or upgrade of prior CIED)...
July 21, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721079/burden-of-air-leak-complications-in-thoracic-surgery-estimated-using-a-national-hospital-billing-database
#7
Andrew Yoo, Sudip K Ghosh, Walter Danker, Edmund Kassis, Iftekhar Kalsekar
BACKGROUND: One of the most common outcomes of lung resections are parenchymal air leaks. These air leaks are most often self-limited and spontaneously resolve several days after surgery. Historically, only prolonged air leaks have been considered to have a significant effect on patient outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the impact of any air leak complications (aALCs) on resource utilization and mortality. METHODS: The Premier Perspective(®) database was used to identify all elective primary lobectomy, segmentectomy, and wedge resections performed from 2012 to 2014; aALC was defined as a composite of air leak and pneumothorax...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718249/frequency-of-undiagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Raza Ullah, Shahid Salam, Tahir Ghaffar, Rahim Muhammad, Imran Khan
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD) is considered as risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) along with other risk factors. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pulmonology and Cardiology wards/OPD's of Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar. Patients more than 35 years of age, diagnosed with CAD of either gender were included...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620429/novel-approaches-to-ultrasonography-of-the-lung-and-pleural-space-where-are-we-now
#9
REVIEW
Daniel Lichtenstein
This review article is an update of what should be known for practicing basic lung ultrasound in the critically ill (LUCI) and is also of interest for less critical disciplines (e.g. pulmonology). It pinpoints on the necessity of a professional machine (not necessarily a sophisticated one) and probe. It lists the 10 main signs of LUCI and some of the main protocols made possible using LUCI: the BLUE protocol for a respiratory failure, the FALLS protocol for a circulatory failure, the SESAME protocol for a cardiac arrest and the investigation of a ventilated acute respiratory distress syndrome patient, etc...
June 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598060/spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-h1n1-infection
#10
Ashutosh Chaturvedi, Arun Kumar
Spontaneous pneumothorax is a very rare entity in H1N1 infection unless it is co-existent with other respiratory conditions especially COPD. The other factors are old age, children below 5 years and patients with ILD. The mortality rate goes high with pulmonary illness complicated by H1N1 infection in smokers and in pregnant women. This is the first reported case of H1N1 infection with Spontaneous Pneumothorax in India.
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544468/analysis-of-the-patients-with-simultaneous-bilateral-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#11
Tevfik Ilker Akcam, Onder Kavurmaci, Ayse Gul Ergonul, Sercan Aydin, Kutsal Turhan, Alpaslan Cakan, Ufuk Cagirici
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax (SBSP) is an uncommon condition with limited data on its incidence in the literature. In this study, we aimed to describe the bilaterality in both primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothorax cases, and the clinical approach in simultaneous disease and prognosis of these patients. METHODS: A total of 16 patients who were followed with the diagnosis of bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax between January 2005 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533875/-management-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-about-138-cases
#12
Bouchra Habibi, Leila Achachi, Sohaib Hayoun, Mohammed Raoufi, Laila Herrak, Mustapha El Ftouh
Pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural cavity. We conducted a retrospective study of patients with spontaneous pneumothorax in the Department of Pneumology at the Ibn Sina Hospital in Rabat (2009-2011) with the aim to determine the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, therapeutic and evolutionary manifestation of spontaneous pneumothorax. The study involved 138 patients: 128 men and 10 women (17-83 years), with an average age of 44.5 +/- 17.4 years and sex ratio of 12/8. 81.2% of patients were smokers...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474647/outpatient-drainage-for-patients-with-spontaneous-pneumothorax-over-50-years-of-age
#13
Atsushi Sano, Takuma Yotsumoto, Takehiro Tsuchiya
INTRODUCTION: The British Thoracic Society has reported a lower success rate for aspiration of spontaneous pneumothorax in patients over 50 years of age. Outpatient drainage therapy is used to manage spontaneous pneumothorax at some institutions. We examined the effect of age on outpatient drainage therapy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 68 patients who underwent outpatient drainage therapy with a thoracic vent between December 2012 and April 2015, which included 11 patients over 50 years of age...
May 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417478/point-of-care-lung-sonography-an-audit-of-1150-examinations
#14
Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Michele Mondoni, Giovanni Volpicelli, Paolo Carlucci, Fabiano Di Marco, Elena Maria Parazzini, Francesca Reali, Giulia Michela Pellegrino, Paola Fracasso, Simone Sferrazza Papa, Livio Colombo, Stefano Centanni
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care lung sonography has theoretical usefulness in numerous diseases; however clinical indications and the impact of this technique have not been fully investigated. We aimed to describe the current use of point-of-care lung sonography. METHODS: A 2-year prospective observational study was performed by pulmonologists in an Italian university hospital. Techniques, indications, consequences of lung sonography, and barriers to the examination were analyzed...
August 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410635/severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-is-not-associated-with-complications-after-navigational-bronchoscopy-procedures
#15
Christopher W Towe, Vanessa P Ho, Jordan Kazakov, Terence Jackson, Yaron Perry, Luis M Argote-Greene, Jennifer P Ginsberg, Philip A Linden
BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (ENB) is a commonly used technique to obtain biopsies of peripheral pulmonary lesions. Little is known about risk factors for complications with this procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the complication rate associated with ENB and the relationship of complications to patient- and procedure-related factors. METHODS: Consecutive ENB procedures at an academic medical center between May 11, 2011, and September 11, 2015, were reviewed retrospectively...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254102/auricular-acupuncture-analgesia-in-thoracic-trauma-a-case-report
#16
Georgios S Papadopoulos, Petros Tzimas, Antonia Liarmakopoulou, Anastasios M Petrou
We report a case of thoracic trauma (rib fractures with pneumothorax and pulmonary contusions) with severe chest pain leading to ineffective ventilation and oxygenation. The patient presented to our emergency department. The patient had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and was completely unable to take deep breaths and clear secretions from his bronchial tree. After obtaining informed consent, we applied auricular acupuncture to ameliorate pain and hopefully improve his functional ability to cough and breathe deeply...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212836/point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-evaluation-of-acute-dyspnea-in-the-ed
#17
Maurizio Zanobetti, Margherita Scorpiniti, Chiara Gigli, Peiman Nazerian, Simone Vanni, Francesca Innocenti, Valerio T Stefanone, Caterina Savinelli, Alessandro Coppa, Sofia Bigiarini, Francesca Caldi, Irene Tassinari, Alberto Conti, Stefano Grifoni, Riccardo Pini
BACKGROUND: Acute dyspnea is a common symptom in the ED. The standard approach to dyspnea often relies on radiologic and laboratory results, causing excessive delay before adequate therapy is started. Use of an integrated point-of-care ultrasonography (PoCUS) approach can shorten the time needed to formulate a diagnosis, while maintaining an acceptable safety profile. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients presenting with dyspnea and admitted after ED evaluation were prospectively enrolled...
June 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176954/coil-therapy-for-patients-with-severe-emphysema-and-bilateral-incomplete-fissures-effectiveness-and-complications-after-1-year-follow-up-a-single-center-experience
#18
Konstantina Kontogianni, Vasiliki Gerovasili, Daniela Gompelmann, Maren Schuhmann, Hans Hoffmann, Claus Peter Heussel, Felix Jf Herth, Ralf Eberhardt
BACKGROUND: Lung volume reduction coil (LVRC) treatment is established in daily endoscopic lung volume reduction routine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LVRC treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 86 patients (male/female: 40/46, mean age: 64±7 years) with severe COPD and bilateral incomplete fissures. A total of 10 coils were unilaterally implanted in a single lobe, and 28 out of 86 patients were treated bilaterally...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137498/evaluation-of-urinary-desmosines-as-a-noninvasive-diagnostic-biomarker-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-ppfe
#19
Yoshiyuki Oyama, Noriyuki Enomoto, Yuzo Suzuki, Masato Kono, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Naoki Inui, Yutaro Nakamura, Shigeki Kuroishi, Koshi Yokomura, Mikio Toyoshima, Shiro Imokawa, Keiji Oishi, Satoshi Watanabe, Kazuo Kasahara, Tomohisa Baba, Takashi Ogura, Hiroshi Ishii, Kentaro Watanabe, Yasuhiko Nishioka, Takafumi Suda
BACKGROUND: Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare interstitial pneumonia with upper lobe predominance and fibroelastosis. Although definite diagnosis requires surgical lung biopsy (SLB), SLB is often difficult because of its complications such as refractory pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urinary desmosines (degradation product of mature elastin) as a novel biomarker in patients with PPFE. METHODS: Biopsy-proven patients with PPFE (n = 14) were prospectively enrolled...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110487/the-use-of-bilateral-internal-mammary-artery-grafting-in-different-degrees-of-obesity
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yasser Y Hegazy, Wael Hassanein, Jürgen Ennker, Noha Keshk, Stefan Bauer, Ralf Sodian
Background Obesity is a limiting factor for the use of bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMAs). Therefore, we assessed the safety of their use in different degrees of obesity. Patients and Methods We studied two groups of patients with obesity using propensity matching. The first group received single internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafts (SIMA group, 526 patients) and the second group received bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA group, 526 patients). Patients were classified further according to their body mass index (BMI) into overweight (BMI = 25-29...
June 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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