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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137614/safety-classification-of-herbal-medicines-used-among-pregnant-women-in-asian-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
Mansoor Ahmed, Jung Hye Hwang, Soojeung Choi, Dongwoon Han
BACKGROUND: High prevalence of herbal medicines used in pregnancy and the lack of information on their safety is a public concern. Despite this, no significant research has been done regarding potential adverse effects of using herbal medicines during pregnancy, especially among developing Asian countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were searched up to year 2016 on PubMed/Medline and EMBASE, the data were extracted and quality of studies was assessed using the quality appraisal tool...
November 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130597/co-occurring-medical-conditions-in-adults-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review-toward-the-development-of-health-care-guidelines
#2
REVIEW
George T Capone, Brian Chicoine, Peter Bulova, Mary Stephens, Sarah Hart, Blythe Crissman, Andrea Videlefsky, Katherine Myers, Nancy Roizen, Anna Esbensen, Moya Peterson, Stephanie Santoro, Jason Woodward, Barry Martin, David Smith
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) represent a unique population who are in need of clinical guidelines to address their medical care. The United States Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) has developed criteria for prioritizing conditions of public health importance with the potential for providing screening recommendations to improve clinical care. The quality of existing evidence needed to inform clinical guidelines has not been previously reviewed. Using the National Library of Medicine (NLM) database PubMed, we first identified 18 peer reviewed articles that addressed co-occurring medical conditions in adults with DS...
November 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121884/evaluation-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-new-parents-protocol-paper-for-a-randomized-trial
#3
Alison Quinlan, Ryan E Rhodes, Mark R Beauchamp, Danielle Symons Downs, Darren E R Warburton, Chris M Blanchard
BACKGROUND: Identifying critical life transitions in people's physical activity behaviors may illuminate the most opportune intervention apertures for chronic disease prevention. A substantive evidence base now indicates that parenthood is one of these critical transition points for physical activity decline. This study will examine whether a brief theory-based intervention can prevent a decline in physical activity among new parents over 6 months following intervention. This study protocol represents the first dyad-based physical activity initiative in the parenthood literature involving both mothers and fathers; prior research has focused on only mothers or only fathers (albeit limited), and has shown only short-term changes in physical activity...
November 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119090/evaluation-of-antibiotic-usage-in-swine-reproduction-farms-in-umbria-region-based-on-the-quantitative-analysis-of-antimicrobial-consumption
#4
Fausto Scoppetta, Marco Sensi, Maria Pia Franciosini, Marinella Capuccella
Antibiotic use in food-producing animals has considerable impact on public health, especially with respect to the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. Pigs represent one of the main species in which antibiotics are frequently used for different purposes. Surveillance of antibiotic consumption and dose appropriateness, through novel approaches based on defined daily doses, is strongly needed to assess farms' antibiotic risk, in terms of spread of antibiotic resistance and possibile presence of residues in meat...
August 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118982/uneven-distribution-of-professors-and-instructors-in-medical-disciplines-dealing-with-the-four-main-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-the-italian-universities
#5
Giovanni Viegi, Stefano Centanni, Francesco Blasi
Background: Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a core University curriculum which let students be taught by teachers who are experts of the four main NCD, for reaching the public health goals proposed by the UN and the WHO. Methods: Our aim was to assess whether all medical students, regardless of the Italian university of enrolment, have an equal opportunity to be educated by an expert teacher in each of the four NCD...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112494/proposal-for-the-creation-of-a-national-strategy-for-precision-medicine-in-cancer-a-position-statement-of-seom-seap-and-sefh
#6
Pilar Garrido, Azucena Aldaz, Miguel Ángel Calleja, Enrique De Álava, María Jesús Lamas, Miguel Martín, Xavier Matías-Guiu, José Palacios, Ruth Vera
Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Precision medicine is transforming clinical and biomedical research, as well as health care itself from a conceptual, as well as a methodological viewpoint, providing extraordinary opportunities to improve public health and lower the costs of the healthcare system. However, the implementation of precision medicine poses ethical-legal, regulatory, organizational and knowledge-related challenges...
November 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110063/the-effect-of-icariin-on-bone-metabolism-and-its-potential-clinical-application
#7
REVIEW
Z Wang, D Wang, D Yang, W Zhen, J Zhang, S Peng
Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by reduced bone mass, which leads to increased risk of bone fractures, and poses a significant risk to public health, especially in the elderly population. The traditional Chinese medicinal herb Epimedii has been utilized for centuries to treat bone fracture and bone loss. Icariin is a prenylated flavonol glycoside isolated from Epimedium herb, and has been shown to be the main bioactive component. This review provides a comprehensive survey of previous studies on icariin, including its structure and function, effect on bone metabolism, and potential for clinical application...
November 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106585/development-of-the-phast-model-generating-standard-public-health-services-data-and-evidence-for-decision-making
#8
Betty Bekemeier, Seungeun Park
Objective: Standardized data regarding the distribution, quality, reach, and variation in public health services provided at the community level and in wide use across states and communities do not exist. This leaves a major gap in our nation's understanding of the value of prevention activities and, in particular, the contributions of our government public health agencies charged with assuring community health promotion and protection. Public health and community leaders, therefore, are eager for accessible and comparable data regarding preventive services that can inform policy decisions about where to invest resources...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098049/the-development-of-national-entrustable-professional-activities-to-inform-the-training-and-assessment-of-public-health-and-preventative-medicine-residents
#9
Brent Moloughney, Kieran Moore, Damon Dagnone, David Strong
Background: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) have emerged to bridge the gap between the learning of individual competencies and competence in real world practice. EPAs capture the critical core work of a discipline integrating competencies from multiple domains. This report describes the development of a set of EPAs for specialty training in Public Health and Preventive Medicine (PHPM) in Canada. Methods: The PHPM EPAs were developed using multiple existing sources...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077195/developing-a-caries-risk-registry-to-support-caries-risk-assessment-and-management-for-children-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#10
Jesley C Ruff, Jill Boylston Herndon, Roger A Horton, Julie Lynch, Dawn C Mathwig, Audra Leonard, Krishna Aravamudhan
OBJECTIVES: Health registries are commonly used in medicine to support public health activities and are increasingly used in quality improvement (QI) initiatives. Illustrations of dental registries and their QI applications are lacking. Within dentistry, caries risk assessment implementation and documentation are vital to optimal patient care. The purpose of this article is to describe the processes used to develop a caries risk assessment registry as a QI initiative to support clinical caries risk assessment, caries prevention, and disease management for children...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068620/inspections-of-x-ray-use-in-dental-practices-and-common-regulatory-violations
#11
Lisa Russell
Dental X-ray machine inspections are conducted by the California Department of Public Health’s Radiologic Health Branch (RHB). RHB’s mission is to protect public health and safety throughout California by ensuring the safe use of radiologic equipment and materials within industry, medicine and research, preventing radiologic health hazards and educating and enforcing applicable state and federal radiation laws and regulations.
April 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067902/economic-evaluation-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-england-in-2016
#12
Koh Jun Ong, Sarika Desai, Nigel Field, Monica Desai, Anthony Nardone, Albert Jan van Hoek, Owen Noel Gill
Clinical effectiveness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for preventing HIV acquisition in men who have sex with men (MSM) at high HIV risk is established. A static decision analytical model was constructed to inform policy prioritisation in England around cost-effectiveness and budgetary impact of a PrEP programme covering 5,000 MSM during an initial high-risk period. National genitourinary medicine clinic surveillance data informed key HIV risk assumptions. Pragmatic large-scale implementation scenarios were explored...
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063523/evaluation-of-existing-and-desired-antimicrobial-stewardship-activities-and-strategies-in-swiss-hospitals
#13
M Osthoff, Julia Belicki, Andreas F-X Widmer, For Swissnoso
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is an important component in the fight against antimicrobial resistance. Currently, few hospitals have an ongoing institutional AMS programme. Swissnoso - the national centre for infection prevention - has launched a national Swiss AMS initiative supported by the office of public health. To guide AMS priorities and resources, current AMS activities in Switzerland were assessed. We distributed an internet-based questionnaire directed mainly to board-certified infectious diseases specialists and, if not available, senior internal medicine staff...
October 24, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062395/implementing-quality-indicators-for-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-family-medicine-in-slovenia
#14
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Igor Švab, Antonija Poplas Susič
INTRODUCTION: A new form of family practices was introduced in 2011 through a pilot project introducing nurse practitioners as members of team and determining a set of quality indicators. The aim of this article was to assess the quality of diabetes and hypertension management. METHODS: We included all family medicine practices that were participating in the project in December 2015 (N=584). The following data were extracted from automatic electronic reports on quality indicators: gender and specialisation of the family physician, status (public servant/self-contracted), duration of participation in the project, region of Slovenia, the number of inhabitants covered by a family medicine practice, the name of IT provider, and levels of selected quality indicators...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056858/innovative-partnerships-to-advance-public-health-training-in-community-based-academic-residency-programs
#15
Joan C Lo, Thomas E Baudendistel, Abhay Dandekar, Phuoc V Le, Stanton Siu, Bruce Blumberg
Collaborative partnerships between community-based academic residency training programs and schools of public health, represent an innovative approach to training future physician leaders in population management and public health. In Kaiser Permanente Northern California, development of residency-Masters in Public Health (MPH) tracks in the Internal Medicine Residency and the Pediatrics Residency programs, with MPH graduate studies completed at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, enables physicians to integrate clinical training with formal education in epidemiology, biostatistics, health policy, and disease prevention...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055811/access-to-treatment-with-controlled-medicines-rationale-and-recommendations-for-neutral-precise-and-respectful-language
#16
REVIEW
W Scholten, O Simon, I Maremmani, C Wells, J F Kelly, R Hämmig, L Radbruch
The European Pain Federation EFIC, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care, International Doctors for Healthier Drug Policies, the Swiss Romandy College for Addiction Medicine, the Swiss Society of Addiction Medicine, and the World Federation for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence called on medical journals to ensure that authors always use terminology that is neutral, precise, and respectful in relation to the use of psychoactive substances. It has been shown that language can propagate stigma, and that stigma can prevent people from seeking help and influence the effectiveness of social and public-health policies...
October 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051019/the-american-college-of-preventive-medicine-policy-recommendations-on-public-health-funding
#17
Andrew S Karasick, Samuel Peik
The American College of Preventive Medicine Policy Committee makes policy guidelines and recommendations on Preventive Medicine and Public Health topics for Public Health decision makers. After a review of the current evidence available in 2016, the College is providing policy recommendations designed to inform public health investment. The American College of Preventive Medicine advocates for policies that recognize the health and economic value of public health funding and promote investment in these vital capabilities...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049113/the-us-opioid-crisis-current-federal-and-state-legal-issues
#18
REVIEW
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048980/the-2016-lifetime-immunization-schedule-approved-by-the-italian-scientific-societies-a-new-paradigm-to-promote-vaccination-at-all-ages
#19
Paolo Bonanni, Giampietro Chiamenti, Giorgio Conforti, Tommasa Maio, Anna Odone, Rocco Russo, Silvestro Scotti, Carlo Signorelli, Alberto Villani
Medical scientific societies have the core mission of producing, pooling and disseminating solid and updated scientific information. We report the successful experience of the partnership of four national Medical Scientific Societies active in Italy in producing scientific advice on vaccines and vaccination. In particular, i) the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health; SitI, ii) the Italian Society of Paediatrics; SIP, ii) the Italian Federation of Family Paediatricians; FIMP, and iv) the Italian Federation of General Medicine FIMMG) have worked together since 2012 to produce shared evidence-based recommendations on vaccination schedules, namely the "Lifetime Immunization Schedule" which introduced for the first time in Italy a life-course approach to vaccination...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048455/improving-knowledge-and-behaviors-on-diet-and-physical-activity-in-children-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-field-trial
#20
G La Torre, A Mannocci, R Saulle, A Sinopoli, V D'Egidio, C Sestili, R Manfuso, D Masala
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge of healthy eating, to encourage change in nutritional behavior in accordance with the Mediterranean diet and to promote physical activity in children aged 7 to 9 years and their parents in a school setting through the use of cards and board games of the project Giochiamo (Let us play). METHODS: This experimental randomized field trial enrolled children in a school setting. The trial consisted of two phases...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
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