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Lymphadenectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774930/-advertent-problems-about-gastric-stump-cancer-surgery
#1
Han Liang
Due to different disease background of gastric stump cancer(GSC) patients (benign or malignant lesion, reconstruction of digestive tract, etc.), the GSC surgical procedure and the difficulty of lymphadenectomy are also different. The extent of radical lymphadenectomy for gastric stump cancer should extend beyond D2 lymphadenectomy, according to the different backgrounds of initial disease, reconstructions, and tumor location. A lymphadenectomy should include the lymph nodes in anterior (No.17) and posterior (No...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774821/minimally-invasive-retroperitoneal-lymphadenectomy
#2
Lukas Lusuardi, Thomas Kunit, Günter Janetschek
The feasibility of laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (RLA) for testicular cancer was shown >25 years ago. Initially the indication was clinical stage I (CS I) nonseminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT). Compared with that of open surgery, the morbidity was much decreased. However, in Europe, surgery for CS I is now replaced by chemotherapy. A relatively new indication is laparoscopic retroperitonal lymphadenectomy for small unilateral residual tumor after chemotherapy. The technique of unilateral lymphadenectomy for both indications is described in detail and with a video...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774808/single-port-robot-assisted-perineal-prostatectomy-and-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-step-by-step-technique-in-a-cadaveric-model
#3
Matthew J Maurice, Jihad H Kaouk
The envelope is constantly being pushed to minimize the invasiveness of prostate cancer surgery without compromising oncologic or functional outcomes. Transperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy has certainly accomplished these goals. However, it is our intent to push the envelope even further, that is, to minimize the invasiveness of already minimally invasive surgery. To accomplish this lofty goal, we borrowed the transperineal approach from open surgery and fused it with the latest robotic technology to innovate an extraperitoneal robotic prostatectomy technique that is less invasive than the traditional robotic technique...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772568/primary-and-postchemotherapy-retroperitoneal-lymphadenectomy-for-testicular-cancer
#4
Axel Heidenreich, Pia Paffenholz, Tim Nestler, David Pfister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766779/technetium-99m-based-radiopharmaceuticals-in-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-gynecologic-oncology-perspective
#5
Kamil Zalewski, Malgorzata Benke, Bartlomiej Mirocha, Jakub Radziszewski, Magdalena Chechlinska, Magdalena Kowalewska
Technetium (99mTc)-radiolabeled colloids are popular tracers used to map lymphatic vessels and regional lymph nodes (LNs). The regional LN status is a significant determinant of cancer stage and patient prognosis, and strongly influences treatment. Regional LN dissection has become part of surgical treatment. However, not all patients with LN involvement benefit from extensive lymphadenectomy in terms of prolonged survival. Moreover, overtreatment of patients with localized disease carries unnecessary risk of complications...
May 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766708/axillary-extramammary-paget-s-disease-on-lymphadenectomy-scar-for-melanoma-an-instance-of-immunocompromised-district
#6
Roberta Giuffrida, Francesco Borgia, Maria Lentini, Roberta Cardia, Serafinella P Cannavò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762198/endometrial-cancer-in-the-elderly-does-age-influence-surgical-treatments-outcomes-and-prognosis
#7
Meriem Koual, Charlotte Ngo, Aude Girault, Fabrice Lécuru, Anne-Sophie Bats
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes, and survival rates for nonelderly (<75 years old) and elderly (≥75 years old) women with endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: This retrospective study included consecutive patients who underwent surgery for EC at the gynecologic-oncologic surgery department of Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou (Paris, France) from January, 2002 to December, 2015. Independent-group t tests and chi-square tests were used to compare elderly and nonelderly women...
May 14, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761863/surgical-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer-in-the-era-of-multimodality-management
#8
REVIEW
Alicia S Borggreve, B Feike Kingma, Serg A Domrachev, Mikhail A Koshkin, Jelle P Ruurda, Richard van Hillegersberg, Flavio R Takeda, Lucas Goense
Over the last decades, the treatment of resectable esophageal cancer has evolved into a multidisciplinary process in which all players are essential for treatment to be successful. Medical oncologists and radiation oncologists have been increasingly involved since the implementation of neoadjuvant therapy, which has been shown to improve survival. Although esophagectomy is still considered the cornerstone of curative treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer, it remains associated with considerable postoperative morbidity, despite promising results of minimally invasive techniques...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761671/risk-factors-for-complications-of-total-subtotal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-prospectively-collected-based-on-the-clavien-dindo-classification-system
#9
Yehonatan Nevo, Yuri Goldes, Liran Barda, Roy Nadler, Mordechai Gutman, Avinoam Nevler
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have analyzed risk factors associated with complications after gastric cancer surgery using the Clavien-Dindo classification (CD). However, they have been based on Asian population cohorts (Chinese, Japanese, Korean). OBJECTIVES: To prospectively analyze all post-gastrectomy complications according to severity using CD classification and identify postoperative risk factors and complications. METHODS: We analyzed all gastrectomies for gastric cancer performed 2009-2014...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758203/pretreatment-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-predict-clinical-outcome-and-prognosis-for-cervical-cancer
#10
MeiLin Zhu, Min Feng, Fei He, BangCai Han, Ke Ma, XinYu Zeng, ZhiRong Liu, XinLian Liu, Juan Li, Hui Cao, YunDan Liang, Cui Jia, LuShun Zhang
Variations in systemic inflammatory response biomarker levels have been associated with adverse clinical outcome in various malignancies. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the predictive and prognostic role of the pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in cervical cancer. We retrospectively investigated 616 patients who underwent initial radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy for cervical cancer between July 2012 and December 2014 in China. Their clinical and histopathological markers and complete blood counts were obtained and analyzed...
May 11, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757871/influence-of-prognostic-factors-on-lymph-node-involvement-in-endometrial-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#11
Peter Widschwendter, Emanuel Bauer, Nikolaus De Gregorio, Inga Bekes, Wolfgang Janni, Christoph Scholz, Thomas W P Friedl
OBJECTIVE: The requirement for and extent of lymphadenectomy in endometrial cancer is still controversial. Clinicopathological prognostic factors could be helpful to predict lymph node involvement and avoid therefore unnecessary lymphadenectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate which factors can predict lymph node involvement and how lymph node metastases are distributed in the pelvic and para-aortic regions. METHODS: This retrospective analysis was performed by analyzing data from patients with endometrial cancer treated with standard surgery and lymphadenectomy at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the University Hospital Ulm in 2000 to 2013...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755852/high-frequency-generator-in-wound-healing-of-marjolin-s-ulcer-after-carcinoma-resection
#12
Pascale Mutti Tacani, Rogério Eduardo Tacani, Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Débora Montezello, João Carlos Guedes Sampaio Góes, Angela Gonçalves Marx, Richard Eloin Liebano
Marjolin's ulcers (MU) are skin malignancies that form over burn injuries. These very aggressive ulcers can result in functional and wound healing impairment, and require a well thought out treatment plan. Physiotherapy offers resources to help promote recovery of these patients, as described in this case report, in which the patient with a history of burn in the lower limbs evolved to malignancy 32 years later. This patient underwent tumor resection of the left foot, with recurrence and lymphadenectomy . Physical therapy included the application of high-frequency generator (HFG) for wound healing and exercises for functional recovery...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755594/perineural-invasion-in-early-stage-cervical-cancer-and-its-relevance-following-surgery
#13
Yi Zhu, Guonan Zhang, Yan Yang, Ling Cui, Shijun Jia, Yu Shi, Shuiqin Song, Shiqiang Xu
Perineural invasion (PNI) is the neoplastic invasion of nerves by cancer cells, a process that has attracted attention as a novel prognostic factor for cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of PNI in patients with early-stage cervical cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IA2-IIA). A total of 210 patients who underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy between 2007 and 2012 were included in the current study, of whom 8.57% (18/210) exhibited PNI...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751993/adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-stage-i-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma-patterns-of-use-and-outcomes
#14
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Spyridon A Mastroyannis, Benjamin B Albright, Ashley F Haggerty, Emily M Ko, Nawar A Latif
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of use and outcomes of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients diagnosed with FIGO stage I ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC). METHODS: A cohort of patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2015 with OCCC was drawn from the National Cancer Database. Those with stage I disease who had primary surgery and underwent systematic lymphadenectomy (defined as at least 10 lymph nodes removed) were selected for further analysis...
May 8, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751947/surgical-evaluation-of-lymph-nodes-in-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-standardized-approach-or-personalized-medicine
#15
Thomas C Tsai, Jordan Miller, Brian Whang, P Marco Fisichella
The extent of lymphadenectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma remains controversial. Outstanding issues include the appropriate technical approach such as transthoracic versus transhiatal, or open versus minimally invasive, both of which have implications on overall lymph node harvest numbers and morbidity. Recent data on the relationship of total number of lymph nodes harvested and oncologic survival have been conflicting, due in part to a likely differential impact of lymphadenectomy on survival based on tumor stage and response to neoadjuvant therapy...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741233/surgical-robotics-for-esophageal-cancer
#16
Peter P Grimminger, Sylvia van der Horst, Jelle P Ruurda, Marc van Det, Philippe Morel, Richard van Hillegersberg
We present an update on robotic techniques and their advantages and use in esophageal cancer surgery. Recent work has shown tremendous progress in robotic-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) and lymphadenectomy for esophageal cancer, as well as benefits of robotic surgery in high upper esophageal tumors and T4b disease. We discuss the different RAMIE techniques, especially for intrathoracic anastomosis. The ongoing ROBOT trial had demonstrated superiority of robotic esophageal cancer surgery over open esophagectomy...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740588/is-there-any-role-for-d3-lymphadenectomy-in-gastric-cancer
#17
Gerassimos N Douridas, Stefanos K Pierrakakis
Although D2 constitutes the level of lymph node dissection which most surgical associations endorse in their treatment guidelines for gastric cancer more extended D3 dissection has also been attempted to improve oncologic outcomes. Existing literature pertinent with the provisional therapeutic impact of D3 lymphadenectomy in advanced gastric cancer is studied in this mini review. Seven non-randomized comparisons, three randomized trials and five meta-analyses, almost exclusively of Asian origin, were identified and examined...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737322/robotic-assisted-minimally-invasive-oesophagectomy-for-cancer-an-initial-experience
#18
Chinnusamy Palanivelu, Sumanta Dey, Sandeep Sabnis, Raghavendra Gupta, Bharath Cumar, Saravana Kumar, Ramesh Natarajan, Parthasarathi Ramakrishnan
Background: The morbidity related to radical oesophagectomy can be reduced by adopting minimally invasive techniques. Over 250 thoraco-laparoscopic oesophagectomy (TLE) was done in our centre over the last 15 years, before adopting robotic surgery as the latest innovation in the field of minimally invasive surgery. Here, we share our initial experience of robotic-assisted minimally invasive oesophagectomy (RAMIE) for carcinoma oesophagus. Methods: A prospective observational study conducted from February to December 2017...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732201/robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-first-polish-clinical-outcomes
#19
Przemysław Adamczyk, Kajetan Juszczak, Pawel Poblocki, Witold Mikolajczak, Tomasz Drewa
Introduction: Urothelial cell carcinoma is the most common neoplasm of the genito-urinary tract, which, in advanced stages, is treated with radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. It can be performed by an open or minimally invasive approach (laparoscopic and robot-assisted radical cystectomy).Large meta-analyses showed a significantly lower complication rate in the RARC (robot-assisted radical cystectomy) group compared to ORC (open radical cystectomy) in thirty and ninety days after surgery, with similar oncological and functional outcomes...
2018: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730944/-multimodal-treatment-of-malignant-mixed-m%C3%A3-llerian-tumor
#20
Judit Kalincsák, Péter Gőcze, József Bódis, Krisztina Kovács, Ágnes Stefanovits, Noémi Bohonyi, Sándor Péntek, Szilárd Papp
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic factors and treatment options of a very rare and highly aggressive type of uterine neoplasms, the malignant mixed Müllerian tumor, known as carcinosarcoma. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2017, 29 patients were treated with malignant mixed Müllerian tumor. At stage I, surgery and postoperative radiotherapy were performed. At stages II-IV, trimodal treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy) was administered...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
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