Read by QxMD icon Read


Jiating Xu, Mingdi Sun, Ye Kuang, Huiting Bi, Bin Liu, Dan Yang, Ruichan Lv, Shili Gai, Fei He, Piaoping Yang
Rare-earth-doped up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), which are capable of converting infrared light to shorter-wavelength photons, have attracted worldwide attention due to their unique characteristics. However, the emission brightness of UCNPs is greatly limited by the unsatisfactory absorptivity of lanthanide ions. Herein, we adopted a novel strategy to enhance the up-conversion intensity using NIR dye IR-808 as an antenna to sensitize the core-shell-shell structured NaGdF4:Yb,Er@NaGdF4:Yb@NaNdF4:Yb UCNPs...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yan Yan, Weidong Shi, Zhen Yuan, Shenggui He, Dongmei Li, Qingbo Meng, Hongwei Ji, Chuncheng Chen, Wanhong Ma, Jincai Zhao
TiO2-based dye-sensitization cycle is one of the basic strategies for the development of solar energy applications. Although the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of dye-sensitized devices has been improved through constant attempts, the intrinsically fatal factor that leads to the complete failure of the PCE of TiO2-mediated dye-sensitized devices has not yet been determined. Here, by using isotopically labeled MAS-1H NMR, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy (separate H/D and 48Ti/49Ti experiments) and ESR, we revealed that the accumulative formation of Ti-H species on the TiO2 surface is the intrinsic cause of the PCE failure of TiO2-based dye-sensitization devices...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Paula Enciso, Jean-David Decoppet, Michael Grätzel, Michael Wörner, Franco M Cabrerizo, María Fernanda Cerdá
Dye sensitized solar cells were assembled employing a mixture of anthocyanins extracted from red ceibo's flowers. At the literature different extraction procedures are reported to extract anthocyanins from natural products and sensitize the cells. In order to compare them, different methods were followed to set the cells under the same conditions. Assembled cells showed very interesting conversion efficiency values, reaching a 0.73% value for extracts purified using C18 column, in open cells under illumination using a solar light simulator, 1 sun, 1...
January 4, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Shih-Sheng Sun, Mekonnen Abebayehu Desta, Chia-Wei Liao
A unique strategy for effectively suppressing charge recombination and enhancing light harvesting in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) is demonstrated by designing a new dipolar organic dye functionalized with a diacetylene unit, which is capable of undergoing photoinduced cross-linking reaction to generate a hydrophobic polydiacetylene layer. The polydiacetylene layer serves as not only an electrolyte-blocking layer to effectively block the approaching of the oxidized redox mediator and supress the dark current but also light-harvesting role by efficient energy transfer to the dipolar dyes...
January 12, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Noah M Johnson, Yuriy Y Smolin, Daniel Hagaman, Masoud Soroush, Kenneth K S Lau, Hai-Feng Ji
This work deals with the fabrication and evaluation of color-changing dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) that include N-propanoic acid-functionalized spiropyrans and spirooxazines as sensitizing dyes. We investigated the photophysical properties of these compounds in various solvents and pH conditions using UV-Vis spectroscopy, and their behavior on TiO2 photoanode surfaces using a combination of UV-Vis and FT-IR. Their performance as sensitizing dyes for DSSCs was also analyzed. This study revealed a number of unique properties for this class of compounds that affect their performance as both photochromic compounds and DSSC sensitizers, which allow for future creation of efficient photochromic DSSCs...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chun-Ting Li, Ryan Yeh-Yung Lin, Jiann T Lin
Aqueous dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are attractive due to sustainability and safety of using water as the solvent of the redox mediators, and possible applications of photoelectrochemical water splitting. However, higher tendency of dye-leaching by water and lower wettability of dye molecules are two major obstacles need to be tackled for future applications of aqueous DSSCs. Sensitizers designed for aqueous DSSCs are discussed based on their functions, such as modification of the molecular skeleton and the anchoring group for better stability against dye-leaching by water, and incorporation of hydrophilic entity in the dye molecule or addition of surfactant to the system to increase wettability of the dye for more facile dye regeneration...
January 10, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Erum Nosheen, Syed Mujtaba Shah, Zafar Iqbal
This article provides a facile one step synthesis of CdS (cadmium sulphide) and CdS/rGO (reduced graphene oxide CdS nanocomposites) using DMF (N, N-Dimethyl formamide) both as a solvent and a reducing agent for the reduction of grapheme oxide. XRD (X-ray diffraction), FESEM (Field emission scanning electron microscopy), EDX (Elemental dispersive X-ray analysis), TEM (Transmission electron microscopy), UV-Vis (UV-visible) and Raman spectroscopy have been employed for the characterization of prepared samples...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Byung-Man Kim, Hyun-Gyu Han, Jeong Soo Kim, HyeonOh Shin, Tae-Hyuk Kwon
Dye distribution in a mesoporous TiO2 film is a key factor in the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells, but there has been little research on it. Here we report even dye distribution within the porous TiO2 film achieved by a physical driving force of gas flow. Gas-assisted dye arrangement, gas bubbling soaking (GBS), significantly accelerates the dye infiltration compared to conventional overnight soaking (OS). As a demonstration, we investigated the time-dependent dye infiltration using plasmon sensors...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yang Li, Junting Wang, Yi Yuan, Min Zhang, Xiandui Dong, Peng Wang
Two perylene dyes characteristic of electron-donors phenanthrocarbazole (PC) and carbazyl functionalized PC are selected to study the complicated dynamics of excited states and charge carriers, which underlie the photovoltaic parameters of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). We have combined femtosecond fluorescence up-conversion and time-resolved single-photon counting techniques to probe the wavelength-dependent photoluminescence dynamics of dye molecules not only dissolved in THF but also grafted on the surface of oxide nanoparticles...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
H W Zheng, X Liang, Y H Yu, K Wang, X A Zhang, B Q Men, C L Diao, C X Peng, G T Yue
The present study reports Bi5FeTi3O15 (BFTO) nanofibers/graphene (Gr) nanocomposites (BGr) as counter electrodes (CEs) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). BFTO nanofibers with diameters of 40-100 nm were fabricated by sol-gel based electrospinning technique. The microstructure and surface morphology of the BFTO nanofibers and the BGr nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical performances of BGr CEs were comprehensively characterized and investigated...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Laura A Büldt, Xingwei Guo, Raphael Vogel, Alessandro Prescimone, Oliver S Wenger
A meta-terphenyl unit was substituted with an isocyanide group on each of its two terminal aryls to afford a bidentate chelating ligand (CN(tBu)Ar3NC) that is able to stabilize chromium in its zerovalent oxidation state. The homoleptic Cr(CN(tBu)Ar3NC)3 complex luminesces in solution at room temperature, and its excited-state lifetime (2.2 ns in deaerated THF at 20 °C) is nearly 2 orders of magnitude longer than the current record lifetime for isoelectronic Fe(II) complexes, which are of significant interest as earth-abundant sensitizers in dye-sensitized solar cells...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Hongzhen Liu, Yanyan Lou, Siriporn Jungsuttiwong, Shuai Yuan, Yin Zhao, Zhuyi Wang, Liyi Shi, Hualan Zhou
Charge recombination and transfer at the TiO2/dye/electrolyte interface play a crucial role in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Here, a fine-controlled gold nanoparticle (Au NP) via electrodeposition incorporated into a porous TiO2 photoanode and dodecanethiol molecules as an assembled monolayer capping on Au NPs was designed and prepared. The "fence-like" structure of gold thiol molecules at the TiO2/dye/electrolyte interface can not only insulate the electrolyte to suppress recombination but also make full use of the plasmon-enhanced light absorption of Au NPs...
January 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yoon Hee Jang, Yu Jin Jang, Seokhyoung Kim, Li Na Quan, Kyungwha Chung, Dong Ha Kim
Plasmonic effects have been proposed as a solution to overcome the limited light absorption in thin-film photovoltaic devices, and various types of plasmonic solar cells have been developed. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art progress on the design and fabrication of plasmonic solar cells and their enhancement mechanism. The working principle is first addressed in terms of the combined effects of plasmon decay, scattering, near-field enhancement, and plasmonic energy transfer, including direct hot electron transfer and resonant energy transfer...
December 28, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Hammad Cheema, Jared H Delcamp
High photovoltage dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) offer an exceptional opportunity to power electrocatalysts for the production of hydrogen from water and the reduction of CO2 to usable fuels with a relatively cost-effective, low-toxicity solar cell. Competitive recombination pathways such as electron transfer from TiO2 films to the redox shuttle or oxidized dye must be minimized to achieve the maximum possible photovoltage (Voc) from DSC devices. A high Voc of 882 mV was achieved with the iodide/triiodide redox shuttle and a ruthenium NCS-ligated dye, HD-2-mono, by utilizing a combined approach of (1) modulating the TiO2 surface area through film thickness and nanoparticle size selection, (2) addition of a MgO insulating layer, and (3) capping available TiO2 film surface sites post film sensitization with an F-SAM (fluorinated self-assembled monolayer) treatment...
January 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
R Brisse, R Faddoul, T Bourgeteau, D Tondelier, J Leroy, S Campidelli, T Berthelot, B Geffroy, B Jousselme
Fabrication at low cost of transparent p-type semiconductors with suitable electronic properties is essential toward the scalability of many electronic devices, especially for photovoltaic and photocatalytic applications. In this context, the synthesis of mesoporous NiO films through inkjet printing of a sol-gel ink was investigated for the first time. Nickel chloride and Pluronic F-127, used as nickel oxide precursor and pore-forming agent, respectively, were formulated in a water/ethanol mixture to prepare a jettable ink for Dimatix printer...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuanzuo Li, Chaofan Sun, Peng Song, Fengcai Ma, Yanhui Yang
A series of dyes, containing thiophene and thieno[3,2-b]thiophene as π-conjugated bridging units and six kinds of groups as electron acceptors, were designed for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The ground- and excited-state properties of the designed dyes were investigated by using density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT, respectively. Moreover, the parameters affecting the short-circuit current density and open-circuit voltage were calculated to predict the photoelectrical performance of each dye...
December 25, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Salvatore Sanzaro, Emanuele Smecca, Giovanni Mannino, Corrado Bongiorno, Giovanna Pellegrino, Fortunato Neri, Graziella Malandrino, Maria Rita Catalano, Guglielmo Guido Condorelli, Rosabianca Iacobellis, Luisa De Marco, Corrado Spinella, Antonino La Magna, Alessandra Alberti
We propose an up-scalable, reliable, contamination-free, rod-like TiO2 material grown by a new method based on sputtering deposition concepts which offers a multi-scale porosity, namely: an intra-rods nano-porosity (1-5 nm) arising from the Thornton's conditions and an extra-rods meso-porosity (10-50 nm) originating from the spatial separation of the Titanium and Oxygen sources combined with a grazing Ti flux. The procedure is simple, since it does not require any template layer to trigger the nano-structuring, and versatile, since porosity and layer thickness can be easily tuned; it is empowered by the lack of contaminations/solvents and by the structural stability of the material (at least) up to 500 °C...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Waqar Ahmad, Majid Raissan Al Bahrani, Zhichun Yang, Jahangeer Khan, Wenkui Jing, Fan Jiang, Liang Chu, Nishuang Liu, Luying Li, Yihua Gao
The extraction of renewable energy resources particularly from earth abundant materials has always been a matter of significance in industrial products. Herein, we report a novel simultaneous extraction of nano-silicon with activated carbons (nano-Si@ACs) from rice husk (RH) by chemical activation method. As-extracted nano-Si@ACs is then used as an energy harvesting materials in counter electrodes (CEs) of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The morphology, structure and texture studies confirm the high surface area, abundant active sites and porous structure of nano-Si@ACs...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yan Hao, Wenxing Yang, Lei Zhang, Roger Jiang, Edgar Mijangos, Yasemin Saygili, Leif Hammarström, Anders Hagfeldt, Gerrit Boschloo
Photoelectrochemical approach to solar energy conversion demands a kinetic optimization of various light-induced electron transfer processes. Of great importance are the redox mediator systems accomplishing the electron transfer processes at the semiconductor/electrolyte interface, therefore affecting profoundly the performance of various photoelectrochemical cells. Here, we develop a strategy-by addition of a small organic electron donor, tris(4-methoxyphenyl)amine, into state-of-art cobalt tris(bipyridine) redox electrolyte-to significantly improve the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells...
December 21, 2016: Nature Communications
John R Swierk, Thomas E Mallouk
Correction for 'Design and development of photoanodes for water-splitting dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cells' by John R. Swierk et al., Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 2357-2387.
December 19, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"