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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196287/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-non-metal-clasp-dentures-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#1
Kenji Fueki, Eiko Yoshida-Kohno, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the efficacy of non-metal clasp dentures (NMCDs) with regard to the oral-health related quality of life (OHRQoL) and compare the findings with those for conventional metal clasp-retained dentures (MCDs). METHODS: This single-centre, randomized controlled, two-phase, open label, crossover trial included 28 partially dentate individuals. The patients were randomized to receive MCDs followed by NMCDs, or the opposite sequence (n = 14 in each group); each denture was worn for 3 months...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169270/using-loop-connectors-as-an-interim-mode-of-treatment-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#2
T Aby Mathew, Ashwin Thomas Koshy, Annie Susan Thomas, Angel Mary Joseph, Nicholas Mathew
To tackle a large midline diastema and generalized spacing existing before extraction often poses a challenge to the treating prosthodontist. The situation becomes even more complicated if the patient is a teenager, with multiple missing teeth, associated deep bite and where the jaw bone growth has not yet been completed. Possible treatment options would include a removable prosthesis, a fixed partial denture or an implant supported prosthesis. Treating such cases with a simple removable prosthesis cannot be justified if a deep bite existed which would result in posterior disocclusion...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138227/electromyographic-activity-of-masticatory-muscles-in-elderly-women-a-pilot-study
#3
Ewelina Gaszynska, Karolina Kopacz, Magdalena Fronczek-Wojciechowska, Gianluca Padula, Franciszek Szatko
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of age and chosen factors related to aging such as dentition, muscle strength, and nutrition on masticatory muscles electromyographic activity during chewing in healthy elderly women. BACKGROUND: With longer lifespan there is a need for maintaining optimal quality of life and health in older age. Skeletal muscle strength deteriorates in older age. This deterioration is also observed within masticatory muscles. METHODS: A total of 30 women, aged 68-92 years, were included in the study: 10 individuals had natural functional dentition, 10 were missing posterior teeth in the upper and lower jaw reconstructed with removable partial dentures, and 10 were edontoulous, using complete removable dentures...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127322/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-a-seven-year-old-patient-with-incontinentia-pigmenti-a-case-report-and-five-year-follow-up
#4
Rezvan Rafatjou, Fariborz Vafaee, Hanif Allahbakhshi, Porousha Mahjoub
Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare inherited disorder involving abnormalities of the skin, hair, eyes, musculoskeletal system, central nervous system, and the teeth. Dental abnormalities are the most common manifestations of this disorder. The purpose of this case report was to present the clinical and radiological findings of a seven-year-old girl as well as the results of her five-year follow up. The patient showed faded linear pigmented macular lesions on the trunk and on upper and lower limbs. Dental examination was notable for conical and peg-shaped anterior teeth as well as delayed eruption of primary and permanent teeth...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126994/unilateral-removable-partial-dentures
#5
W A Goodall, A C Greer, N Martin
Removable partial dentures (RPDs) are widely used to replace missing teeth in order to restore both function and aesthetics for the partially dentate patient. Conventional RPD design is frequently bilateral and consists of a major connector that bridges both sides of the arch. Some patients cannot and will not tolerate such an extensive appliance. For these patients, bridgework may not be a predictable option and it is not always possible to provide implant-retained restorations. This article presents unilateral RPDs as a potential treatment modality for such patients and explores indications and contraindications for their use, including factors relating to patient history, clinical presentation and patient wishes...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123274/prosthodontics-an-arsenal-in-forensic-dentistry
#6
REVIEW
Lakshmana Rao Bathala, Narendra Kumar Rachuri, Srinivas Rao Rayapati, Sudheer Kondaka
After major disasters such as earthquakes, fires, floods, tsunami, bomb blasts or terrorist attacks, accurate, and early identification of the dead and injured becomes an utmost importance. Restorations, cariesteeth, missingteeth and/or prostheses are most useful aids for the dental identification. At times, only identifiable remains are a victim's partial or complete dentures. The central principle of dental identification is that postmortem dental remains can be compared with antemortem dental records which include, studycasts, radiographs, etc...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118361/dental-treatment-in-a-state-funded-primary-dental-care-facility-contextual-and-individual-predictors-of-treatment-need
#7
Kristina L Wanyonyi, David R Radford, Jennifer E Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: This study examined individual and contextual factors which predict the dental care received by patients in a state-funded primary dental care training facility in England. METHODS: Routine clinical and demographic data were extracted from a live dental patient management system in a state-funded facility using novel methods. The data, spanning a four-year period [2008-2012] were cleaned, validated, linked by means of postcode to deprivation status, and analysed to identify factors which predict dental treatment need...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089334/masticatory-function-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in%C3%A2-patients-after-partial-maxillectomies-with-closed-or%C3%A2-open%C3%A2-defects
#8
Mohamed M Said, Takafumi Otomaru, Yesiboli Yeerken, Hisashi Taniguchi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The healing pattern after surgical resection of tumors of the oral cavity involving the maxilla may vary from one patient to another. The result may be open communication between the oral and nasal cavities (open defect) or complete oronasal separation after healing of the defect area (closed defect). PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare masticatory function and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between patients with closed and open defects who had undergone a partial maxillectomy and were wearing dentomaxillary prostheses...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089330/finite-element-analysis-of-implant-assisted-removable-partial-dentures-framework-design-considerations
#9
Reza Shahmiri, Raj Das
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Connecting an acrylic resin base to both a metal framework and a rigidly fixed implant may affect the rotational displacement of the prosthesis during loading. PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis study was to analyze the effect of connecting a denture base metal framework to an implant with the aim of decreasing the rotational movement of an implant-assisted removable partial denture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A mesial occlusal rest direct retainer and a distal occlusal rest direct retainer were modeled and adapted to incorporate a modified denture base metal framework in the connection area for each model...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042278/restorative-rehabilitation-in-a-patient-with-sports-trauma
#10
Haroon Rashid, Fahim Vohra, Graeme R Lillywhite
Sports trauma frequently involves insult to oral soft and hard tissues resulting in loss of tooth structure and tooth loss. Multiple sporting equipment's are employed to prevent irreversible damage to oro-facial structures, and to reduce the overall cost of treatment. However in the undesired consequence of loss of oral structures, multiple treatment options are utilized to restore, esthetics, comfort and function. Osseointegrated implant supported rehabilitation of oral structures in trauma cases provides highly predictable treatment outcomes along with preservation of remaining tissues...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042277/distal-extension-mandibular-removable-partial-denture-with-implant-support
#11
Canan Bural, Begum Buzbas, Sebnem Ozatik, Gulsen Bayraktar, Yusuf Emes
This case report describes the fabrication of a distal extension removable partial denture (RPD) of a 65-year-old man with implant support. Loss of fibroelasticity of the peripheral tissues and reduced mandibular vestibular sulcular depth due to a previous surgical resection and radiotherapy at the right side were the main clinical factors that created difficulty for denture retention and stability. The fabrication of a mandibular RPD supported by anterior teeth and two bilaterally placed implants in the molar area to convert from Kennedy Class 1 design to Kennedy Class 3 implant-bounded RPD is reported...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028833/incidence-and-predictors-of-edentulism-among-south-brazilian-older-adults
#12
Fernanda Pasquetti Marques, Luísa Helena do Nascimento Tôrres, Augusto Bacelo Bidinotto, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo, Renato José De Marchi
OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic, demographic, behavioural and clinical predictors of the 8-year incidence of edentulism in south Brazilian older adults. METHODS: Cohort of a representative sample of older persons in Carlos Barbosa, a south Brazil city. A cohort study was conducted using a simple random sample of 392 older people evaluated in 2004, with follow-ups in 2008 and 2012, when 199 participants were evaluated. Interviews and oral examinations were conducted...
December 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018570/immediate-fixed-partial-denture-after-tooth-extraction-in-patients-with-systemic-diseases-a-clinical-report
#13
Hyun Sun Kang, Su Young Lee
For patients with systemic diseases who face difficulties visiting dental clinics, wearing fixed partial denture in the anterior region on the same day of tooth extraction can reduce the total period of treatment and the number of visits, as well as post-treatment psychological effect on the patient.
December 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998007/mandibular-movements-and-bite-force-in-alzheimer-s-disease-before-and-after-new-denture-insertion
#14
C H Campos, G R Ribeiro, F Stella, R C M Rodrigues Garcia
Chewing impairment has been observed in elders with Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, it is unknown whether oral rehabilitation can improve their masticatory function. This study evaluated the influence of new removable prostheses on chewing function of patients with AD. Participants using removable dentures were divided into two groups: patients with mild AD (77·2 ± 5·8 years, n = 16) and controls (76·0 ± 4·4, n = 16). All participants received general dental treatment and new total and/or partial removable prostheses...
March 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957285/dental-implants-after-the-use-of-bichat-s-buccal-fat-pad-for-the-sealing-of-oro-antral-communications-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Cosimo Galletti, Giovanni Cammaroto, Francesco Galletti, Octavi Camps-Font, Cosme Gay-Escoda, José-Javier Bara-Casaus
Oro-antral communications are frequent complications in oral surgery, and generally occur after molar extractions, maxillary sinus elevations or dental implant procedures. The presence of these defects may increase the morbidity and often need a surgical approach. The present report describes an oro-antral communication in a 52-year-old female who presented a 2 week-course of painless nasal obstruction and rhinorrea after a right maxillary sinus floor elevationwith simultaneous dental implant placement. Based on the anamnesis, clinical examination and a computed tomographyof the paranasal sinuses, a diagnosis of odontogenic rhinosinusitis associated with a 1...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939656/clinical-audit-of-posterior-three-unit-fixed-movable-resin-bonded-fixed-partial-dentures-a-retrospective-preliminary-clinical-investigation
#16
Michael G Botelho, John E Dyson, Thomas H F Mui, Walter Y H Lam
BACKGROUND: Two-unit cantilevered resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (RBFPDs) have higher retention rates over longer span fixed-fixed RBFPDs. It has been hypothesized that interabutment stresses associated with fixed-fixed designs cause prosthesis debonds therefore for the replacement of molar-sized and longer spans, non-rigid connectors have been used to allow independent movement between two abutment teeth. OBJECTIVES: This preliminary study evaluates the clinical longevity and subjects' satisfaction of three-unit fixed-movable (FM3) RBFPDs provided at a dental teaching hospital...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917567/effects-of-rinsing-with-arginine-bicarbonate-and-urea-solutions-on-initial-enamel-lesions-in-situ
#17
Yang Yu, Xiaoling Wang, Chunling Ge, Bing Wang, Chuoyue Cheng, Ye-Hua Gan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rinsing with arginine or urea solution on initial enamel lesions in situ. METHODS: Fourteen subjects wore mandibular removable partial dentures embedded with bovine enamel blocks with artificial enamel lesions were included. The experiment included four 4-week rinsing periods with a 10-day washout period between each rinsing period. In each rinsing period, the subjects rinsed after meal or snack using water, or 2% arginine bicarbonate, or 1% urea, or 0...
December 5, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914668/three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-of-implant-assisted-removable-partial-dentures
#18
Ju-Won Eom, Young-Jun Lim, Myung-Joo Kim, Ho-Beom Kwon
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Whether the implant abutment in implant-assisted removable partial dentures (IARPDs) functions as a natural removable partial denture (RPD) tooth abutment is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this 3-dimensional finite element study was to analyze the biomechanical behavior of implant crown, bone, RPD, and IARPD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Finite element models of the partial maxilla, teeth, and prostheses were generated on the basis of a patient's computed tomographic data...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892564/zirconia-based-dental-ceramics-structure-mechanical-properties-biocompatibility-and-applications
#19
Chandkiram Gautam, Jarin Joyner, Amarendra Gautam, Jitendra Rao, Robert Vajtai
Zirconia (ZrO2) based dental ceramics have been considered to be advantageous materials with adequate mechanical properties for the manufacturing of medical devices. Due to its very high compression strength of 2000 MPa, ZrO2 can resist differing mechanical environments. During the crack propagation on the application of stress on the surface of ZrO2, a crystalline modification diminishes the propagation of cracks. In addition, zirconia's biocompatibility has been studied in vivo, leading to the observation of no adverse response upon the insertion of ZrO2 samples into the bone or muscle...
December 6, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881308/technique-for-transferring-the-path-of-insertion-of-a-removable-partial-denture-to-a-cad-cam-generated-implant-surgical-template
#20
Thomas L Kwun, Michael Razzoog
A technique is described that uses a surveyor, gutta percha points, and a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM)-guided implant surgery system to predetermine and transfer the ideal angulation of the implant to be placed.
October 27, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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