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Ketogenic and athletes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399015/the-effects-of-ketogenic-dieting-on-body-composition-strength-power-and-hormonal-profiles-in-resistance-training-males
#1
Jacob M Wilson, Ryan P Lowery, Michael D Roberts, Matthew H Sharp, Jordan M Joy, Kevin A Shields, Jeremy Partl, Jeff S Volek, Dominic D'Agostino
This study investigated the impact of an isocaloric and isonitrogenous ketogenic diet (KD) versus a traditional western diet (WD) on changes in body composition, performance, blood lipids, and hormonal profiles in resistance-trained athletes. METHODS: Twenty-five college aged men were divided into a KD or traditional WD from weeks 1-10, with a reintroduction of carbohydrates from weeks 10-11, while participating in a resistance-training program. Body composition, strength, power, and blood lipid profiles were determined at week 0, 10 and 11...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379266/keto-analogues-and-amino-acids-supplementation-induces-a-decrease-of-white-blood-cell-counts-and-a-reduction-of-muscle-damage-during-intense-exercise-under-thermoneutral-conditions
#2
R C P Lima, S R A S Camerino, T C L França, D S A Rodrigues, M G S Gouveia, A Ximenes-da-Silva, A Bassini, E S Prado, L C Cameron
This study evaluated the acute effect of keto analogue and amino acid (AA-KAAA) supplementation on both white blood cell counts and the established biomarkers of muscle damage during exercise under thermoneutral conditions. Sixteen male cyclists received a ketogenic diet for two days and were divided into two equal groups: a group taking AA-KAAA (KA) or a control group (PL). The athletes performed a two hour cycling session followed by a maximum incremental test until voluntary exhaustion (VExh). Blood samples were obtained at rest and during exercise for further hematological and biochemical analyses...
April 19, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239404/impact-of-a-6-week-non-energy-restricted-ketogenic-diet-on-physical-fitness-body-composition-and-biochemical-parameters-in-healthy-adults
#3
Paul Urbain, Lena Strom, Lena Morawski, Anja Wehrle, Peter Deibert, Hartmut Bertz
BACKGROUND: The ketogenic diet (KD) is a very low-carbohydrate, high-fat and adequate-protein diet that without limiting calories induces different metabolic adaptations, eg, increased levels of circulating ketone bodies and a shift to lipid metabolism. Our objective was to assess the impact of a 6-week non-energy-restricted KD in healthy adults beyond cohorts of athletes on physical performance, body composition, and blood parameters. METHODS: Our single arm, before-and-after comparison study consisted of a 6-week KD with a previous preparation period including detailed instructions during classes and individual counselling by a dietitian...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012184/low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-impairs-exercise-economy-and-negates-the-performance-benefit-from-intensified-training-in-elite-race-walkers
#4
Louise M Burke, Megan L Ross, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Marijke Welvaert, Ida A Heikura, Sara G Forbes, Joanne G Mirtschin, Louise E Cato, Nicki Strobel, Avish P Sharma, John A Hawley
KEY POINTS: Three weeks of intensified training and mild energy deficit in elite race walkers increases peak aerobic capacity independent of dietary support. Adaptation to a ketogenic low carbohydrate, high fat (LCHF) diet markedly increases rates of whole-body fat oxidation during exercise in race walkers over a range of exercise intensities. The increased rates of fat oxidation result in reduced economy (increased oxygen demand for a given speed) at velocities that translate to real-life race performance in elite race walkers...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430501/ketone-bodies-and-exercise-performance-the-next-magic-bullet-or-merely-hype
#5
Philippe J M Pinckaers, Tyler A Churchward-Venne, David Bailey, Luc J C van Loon
Elite athletes and coaches are in a constant search for training methods and nutritional strategies to support training and recovery efforts that may ultimately maximize athletes' performance. Recently, there has been a re-emerging interest in the role of ketone bodies in exercise metabolism, with considerable media speculation about ketone body supplements being routinely used by professional cyclists. Ketone bodies can serve as an important energy substrate under certain conditions, such as starvation, and can modulate carbohydrate and lipid metabolism...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26679329/keto-analogue-and-amino-acid-supplementation-and-its-effects-on-ammonemia-and-performance-under-thermoneutral-conditions
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Saulo Rodrigo Alves e Silva Camerino, Rafaela Carvalho Pereira Lima, Thássia Casado Lima França, Edla de Azevedo Herculano, Daniela Souza Araújo Rodrigues, Marcos Guilherme de Sousa Gouveia, L C Cameron, Eduardo Seixas Prado
Alterations of cerebral function, fatigue and disturbance in cognitive-motor performance can be caused by hyperammonemia and/or hot environmental conditions during exercise. Exercise-induced hyperammonemia can be reduced through supplementation with either amino acids or combined keto analogues and amino acids (KAAA) to improve exercise tolerance. In the present study, we evaluated KAAA supplementation on ammonia metabolism and cognitive-motor performance after high-intensity exercise under a low heat stress environment...
February 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26284291/fat-free-mass-changes-during-ketogenic-diets-and-the-potential-role-of-resistance-training
#7
REVIEW
Grant M Tinsley, Darryn S Willoughby
Low-carbohydrate and very-low-carbohydrate diets are often used as weight-loss strategies by exercising individuals and athletes. Very-low-carbohydrate diets can lead to a state of ketosis, in which the concentration of blood ketones (acetoacetate, 3-β-hydroxybutyrate, and acetone) increases as a result of increased fatty acid breakdown and activity of ketogenic enzymes. A potential concern of these ketogenic diets, as with other weight-loss diets, is the potential loss of fat-free mass (e.g., skeletal muscle)...
February 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26061831/competition-nutrition-practices-of-elite-ultramarathon-runners
#8
Trent Stellingwerff
Anecdotal claims have suggested that an increasing number of ultramarathoners purposely undertake chronic low-carbohydrate (CHO) ketogenic diets while training, and race with very low CHO intakes, as a way to maximize fat oxidation and improve performance. However, very little empirical evidence exists on specific fueling strategies that elite ultramarathoners undertake to maximize race performance. The study's purpose was to characterize race nutrition habits of elite ultramarathon runners. Three veteran male ultrarunners (M ± SD; age 35 ± 2 years; mass 59...
February 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25906427/the-ketogenic-diet-and-sport-a-possible-marriage
#9
REVIEW
Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Keith A Grimaldi
The ketogenic diet (KD) is used widely as a weight loss strategy and, more rarely, as therapy for some diseases. In many sports, weight control is often necessary (boxing, weightlifting, wrestling, etc.), but the KD usually is not considered. Our hypothesis is that KD might be used to achieve fat loss without affecting strength/power performance negatively.
July 2015: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25610820/the-effects-of-ketogenic-diet-on-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidative-capacity-markers-of-taekwondo-athletes
#10
Hyun-Seung Rhyu, Su-Youn Cho, Hee-Tae Roh
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the ketogenic diet through 3 weeks on oxidative stress and antioxidative capacity markers in Taekwondo athletes. The participants selected for this research were 18 high school taekwondo contestants aged 15-18 who had at least 5 yr of career as contestant. The subjects were randomly assigned to the ketogenic diet (KD) group and the Non ketogenic diet (NDK) group. Body composition and oxidative stress and antioxidative capacity markers (LDH, MDA, ROS, HDL, and SOD) were analysed before and after 3 weeks of ketogenic diet...
December 2014: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25426472/the-effect-of-weight-loss-by-ketogenic-diet-on-the-body-composition-performance-related-physical-fitness-factors-and-cytokines-of-taekwondo-athletes
#11
Hyun-Seung Rhyu, Su-Youn Cho
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the weight loss through 3 weeks of ketogenic diet on performance-related physical fitness and inflammatory cytokines in Taekwondo athletes. The subjects selected for this research were 20 Taekwondo athletes of the high schools who participated in a summer camp training program. The subjects were randomly assigned to 2 groups, 10 subjects to each group: the ketogenic diet (KD) group and the non-ketogenic diet (NKD) group. Body composition, performance-related physical fitness factors (2,000 m sprint, Wingate test, grip force, back muscle strength, sit-up, 100 m sprint, standing broad jump, single leg standing) and cytokines (Iinterleukin-6, Interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α) were analyzed before and after 3weeks of ketogenic diet...
October 2014: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22835211/ketogenic-diet-does-not-affect-strength-performance-in-elite-artistic-gymnasts
#12
Antonio Paoli, Keith Grimaldi, Dominic D'Agostino, Lorenzo Cenci, Tatiana Moro, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of very low carbohydrate ketogenic diets (VLCKD) in weight control and management of the metabolic syndrome there is a paucity of research about effects of VLCKD on sport performance. Ketogenic diets may be useful in sports that include weight class divisions and the aim of our study was to investigate the influence of VLCKD on explosive strength performance. METHODS: 8 athletes, elite artistic gymnasts (age 20.9 ± 5.5 yrs) were recruited...
July 26, 2012: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21324213/keto-analogue-and-amino-acid-supplementation-affects-the-ammonaemia-response-during-exercise-under-ketogenic-conditions
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eduardo Seixas Prado, José Melquiades de Rezende Neto, Rosemeire Dantas de Almeida, Marcelia Garcez Dória de Melo, Luiz-Claudio Cameron
Hyperammonaemia is related to both central and peripheral fatigue during exercise. Hyperammonaemia in response to exercise can be reduced through supplementation with either amino acids or combined keto analogues and amino acids (KAAA). In the present study, we determined the effect of short-term KAAA supplementation on ammonia production in subjects eating a low-carbohydrate diet who exercise. A total of thirteen male cyclists eating a ketogenic diet for 3 d were divided into two groups receiving either KAAA (KEx) or lactose (control group; LEx) supplements...
June 28, 2011: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9562160/contrasting-plasma-free-amino-acid-patterns-in-elite-athletes-association-with-fatigue-and-infection
#14
K J Kingsbury, L Kay, M Hjelm
AIM: There is little information on the plasma free amino acid patterns of elite athletes against which fatigue and nutrition can be considered. Therefore the aim was to include analysis of this pattern in the medical screening of elite athletes during both especially intense and light training periods. METHODS: Plasma amino acid analysis was undertaken in three situations. (1) A medical screening service was offered to elite athletes during an intense training period before the 1992 Olympics...
March 1998: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6571242/a-practical-guide-to-fad-diets
#15
L A Porcello
This discussion of fad diets may be concluded by comparing the 14 selected diets with the standards previously outlined for desirable weight reducing plans. Many of the popular diets supply large quantities of saturated fat and cholesterol, which are dietary components that have been associated with cardiovascular disease. Ketogenic diets are not appropriate for athletes because of problems with secondary dehydration and hyponatremia. Almost all of the diets are nutritionally inadequate. The rate of anticipated weight loss will vary according to the age, sex, weight, basal energy requirement, and activity level of an individual...
July 1984: Clinics in Sports Medicine
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