keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Very low carbohydrate diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923148/skeletal-muscle-glycogen-content-at-rest-and-during-endurance-exercise-in-humans-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
José L Areta, Will G Hopkins
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle glycogen is an important energy source for muscle contraction and a key regulator of metabolic responses to exercise. Manipulation of muscle glycogen is therefore a strategy to improve performance in competitions and potentially adaptation to training. However, assessing muscle glycogen in the field is impractical, and there are no normative values for glycogen concentration at rest and during exercise. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to meta-analyse the effects of fitness, acute dietary carbohydrate (CHO) availability and other factors on muscle glycogen concentration at rest and during exercise of different durations and intensities...
June 19, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804909/familial-chylomicronemia-syndrome-bringing-to-life-dietary-recommendations-throughout-the-life-span
#2
Lauren Williams, Katherine S Rhodes, Wahida Karmally, Lori A Welstead, Lori Alexander, Lindsey Sutton
BACKGROUND: Familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with loss of function mutations of lipoprotein lipase resulting in hypertriglyceridemia and accumulation of chylomicrons in plasma, often leading to acute pancreatitis. The mainstay of treatment is a specialized very-low-fat diet. Even adhering to the diet, some patients may experience high triglycerides and pancreatitis. There currently are no comprehensive dietary guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To report best practices and develop comprehensive dietary guidelines for nutrition therapy in patients with FCS...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785940/metabolic-effects-safety-and-acceptability-of-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-dietetic-scheme-on-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#3
Vincenzo Pilone, Salvatore Tramontano, Michele Renzulli, Mafalda Romano, Luigi Cobellis, Tiziano Berselli, Luigi Schiavo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated significant advantages from a preoperative dietetic regimen for candidates to bariatric procedure. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of safety, efficacy, and acceptability of a very low-calorie ketogenic diet in patients before bariatric surgery. SETTING: University Hospital. METHODS: A standardized 30-day sequential preoperative diet regimen has been analyzed, optimizing metabolic response with gradual carbohydrate reintroduction...
March 21, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777386/substrate-metabolism-during-ironman-triathlon-different-horses-on-the-same-courses
#4
Ed Maunder, Andrew E Kilding, Daniel J Plews
Ironman triathlons are ultra-endurance events of extreme duration. The performance level of those competing varies dramatically, with elite competitors finishing in ~ 8:00:00, and lower performing amateurs finishing in ~ 14-15:00:00. When applying appropriate values for swimming, cycling and running economies to these performance times, it is demonstrated that the absolute energy cost of these events is high, and the rate of energy expenditure increases in proportion with the athlete's competitive level...
May 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769827/effects-of-a-4-week-very-low-carbohydrate-diet-on-high-intensity-interval-training-responses
#5
Lukas Cipryan, Daniel J Plews, Alessandro Ferretti, Phil B Maffetone, Paul B Laursen
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of altering from habitual mixed Western-based (HD) to a very low-carbohydrate high-fat (VLCHF) diet over a 4-week timecourse on performance and physiological responses during high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Eighteen moderately trained males (age 23.8 ± 2.1 years) consuming their HD (48 ± 13% carbohydrate, 17 ± 3% protein, 35 ± 9% fat) were assigned to 2 groups. One group was asked to remain on their HD, while the other was asked to switch to a non-standardized VLCHF diet (8 ± 3% carbohydrate, 29 ± 15% protein, 63 ± 13% fat) for 4 weeks...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737587/the-glycaemic-benefits-of-a-very-low-carbohydrate-ketogenic-diet-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-may-be-opposed-by-increased-hypoglycaemia-risk-and-dyslipidaemia
#6
Z Z X Leow, K J Guelfi, E A Davis, T W Jones, P A Fournier
AIMS: To investigate whether very-low-carbohydrate high-fat diets, typical of ketogenic diets, can improve glycaemic control without causing any ill health effects in adults with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In this observational study, 11 adults with Type 1 diabetes (seven men, four women, mean ± sd age 36.1± 6.8 years, mean ± sd duration of diabetes 12.8 ± 10.3 years), who followed a ketogenic diet (< 55 g carbohydrate per day) for a mean ± sd of 2.6 ± 3...
May 8, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735610/reduction-in-secretion-of-very-low-density-lipoprotein-triacylglycerol-by-a-matrix-metalloproteinase-inhibitor-in-a-rat-model-of-diet-induced-hypertriglyceridemia
#7
Yoichi Kawashima, Yoshihiro Eguchi, Tohru Yamazaki, Minako Karahashi, Hiroshi Kawai, Naomi Kudo
Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors (MMPIs) reduced serum triacylglycerol (TAG) levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and Zucker fa/fa rats in our previous study. However, the mechanisms underlying TAG reduction by MMPIs remain unclear. The present study aimed to elucidate the mechanism by which F81-1144b, a MMPI, lowers serum TAG levels in an animal model of high sucrose diet (HSD)-induced hypertriglyceridemia. F81-1144b was repeatedly administered to rats fed HSD, and its effects were evaluated on TAG levels in serum and the liver, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion, de novo fatty acid (FA) synthesis in the liver, and the expression of genes regulating the metabolism of FA, TAG, and VLDL in the liver and serum...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735574/management-of-type-1-diabetes-with-a-very-low-carbohydrate-diet
#8
Belinda S Lennerz, Anna Barton, Richard K Bernstein, R David Dikeman, Carrie Diulus, Sarah Hallberg, Erinn T Rhodes, Cara B Ebbeling, Eric C Westman, William S Yancy, David S Ludwig
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate glycemic control among children and adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who consume a very low-carbohydrate diet (VLCD). METHODS: We conducted an online survey of an international social media group for people with T1DM who follow a VLCD. Respondents included adults and parents of children with T1DM. We assessed current hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (primary measure), change in HbA1c after the self-reported beginning of the VLCD, total daily insulin dose, and adverse events...
June 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718689/comparative-effects-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-and-pre-hypertensive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#9
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Carolina Schwedhelm, Estefania Toledo, Marina Pünsch, Georg Hoffmann, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Pairwise meta-analyses have shown beneficial effects of individual dietary approaches on blood pressure but their comparative effects have not been established. OBJECTIVE: Therefore we performed a systematic review of different dietary intervention trials and estimated the aggregate blood pressure effects through network meta-analysis including hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients. DESIGN: PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Google Scholar were searched until June 2017...
May 2, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716886/authors-reply-comment-on-an-online-intervention-comparing-a-very-low-carbohydrate-ketogenic-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations-versus-a-plate-method-diet-in-overweight-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Laura Saslow, Ashley E Mason, Sarah Kim, Veronica Goldman, Robert Ploutz-Snyder, Hovig Bayandorian, Jennifer Daubenmier, Frederick M Hecht, Judith T Moskowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716884/comment-on-an-online-intervention-comparing-a-very-low-carbohydrate-ketogenic-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations-versus-a-plate-method-diet-in-overweight-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696385/effects-of-different-weight-loss-approaches-on-cvd-risk
#12
REVIEW
Peter M Clifton, Jennifer B Keogh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we aimed to answer the question as to whether deliberate weight loss can reduce cardiovascular events or improve cardiovascular risk factors and whether different methods of weight loss can have a differential effect on risk factor improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: It would appear that deliberate weight loss reduces total mortality by 16% in obese people with risk factors including type 2 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes who lose at least 10% of their initial body weight reduce CVD end points by 21% with dietary weight loss while the effect is greater with the greater weight loss induced by bariatric surgery with a 32% reduction in events...
April 25, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681164/effect-of-diet-with-carbohydrate-but-without-daily-energy-restriction-on-serum-glucose-lactate-and-selected-mineral-and-lipid-levels-in-streptozotocin-induced-experimental-diabetic-rats
#13
Osman Sinan Ozsezen, Ismail Meral
OBJECTIVE: Type I diabetes is a disease characterised by an extreme reduction in serum insulin levels. Diet and exercise have gained considerable attention in the treatment of diabetes. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the effect of diet with carbohydrate but without daily energy restriction on various metabolites (glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, lactate), some electrolytes (Ca, Mg, Na, K, P, Cl) and essential metals (Mn, Co, Cu, Se, Zn, Fe) in the blood of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551590/low-protein-diet-induces-ire1%C3%AE-dependent-anticancer-immunosurveillance
#14
Camila Rubio-Patiño, Jozef P Bossowski, Gian Marco De Donatis, Laura Mondragón, Elodie Villa, Lazaro E Aira, Johanna Chiche, Rana Mhaidly, Cynthia Lebeaupin, Sandrine Marchetti, Konstantinos Voutetakis, Aristotelis Chatziioannou, Florence A Castelli, Patricia Lamourette, Emeline Chu-Van, François Fenaille, Tony Avril, Thierry Passeron, John B Patterson, Els Verhoeyen, Béatrice Bailly-Maitre, Eric Chevet, Jean-Ehrland Ricci
Dietary restriction (DR) was shown to impact on tumor growth with very variable effects depending on the cancer type. However, how DR limits cancer progression remains largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that feeding mice a low-protein (Low PROT) isocaloric diet but not a low-carbohydrate (Low CHO) diet reduced tumor growth in three independent mouse cancer models. Surprisingly, this effect relies on anticancer immunosurveillance, as depleting CD8+ T cells, antigen-presenting cells (APCs), or using immunodeficient mice prevented the beneficial effect of the diet...
April 3, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541907/overweight-and-diabetes-prevention-is-a-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-recommendable
#15
REVIEW
Fred Brouns
In the past, different types of diet with a generally low-carbohydrate content (< 50-< 20 g/day) have been promoted, for weight loss and diabetes, and the effectiveness of a very low dietary carbohydrate content has always been a matter of debate. A significant reduction in the amount of carbohydrates in the diet is usually accompanied by an increase in the amount of fat and to a lesser extent, also protein. Accordingly, using the term "low carb-high fat" (LCHF) diet is most appropriate...
June 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510324/a-survey-of-dietary-characteristics-in-a-large-population-of-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Tuula Tyry, Amber Salter, Stacey S Cofield, Gary Cutter, Robert J Fox, Ruth Ann Marrie
INTRODUCTION: Dietary approaches to management of MS has been proposed for several decades, yet very little is known concerning dietary composition or adherence to specialized diets in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We conducted a survey of participants in the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) registry assessing diet composition and the prevalence of 19 different diets. We characterized prevalence of different diets and compared diet composition with estimated intakes from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) survey respondents and across demographics and MS clinical characteristics...
February 27, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464347/dietary-carbohydrate-rather-than-protein-intake-drives-colonic-microbial-fermentation-during-weight-loss
#17
S W Gratz, S Hazim, A J Richardson, L Scobbie, A M Johnstone, C Fyfe, G Holtrop, G E Lobley, W R Russell
PURPOSE: High protein weight loss diets are effective in aiding body weight management. However, high protein and low carbohydrate intakes can alter colonic fermentation profiles in humans and may impact on colonic health. This study aims to identify the most important dietary contributors to colonic fermentation during diet-controlled weight loss. METHODS: Overweight or obese male volunteers (n = 18) consumed a body weight maintenance diet (fed at 1.5× basic metabolic rate, BMR) followed by three weight loss diets (fed at 1× BMR) for 10 days each in a cross-over design...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454073/the-accumulation-of-assembly-intermediates-of-the-mitochondrial-complex-i-matrix-arm-is-reduced-by-limiting-glucose-uptake-in-a-neuronal-like-model-of-melas-syndrome
#18
Guillaume Geffroy, Rayane Benyahia, Samuel Frey, Valerie Desquiret-Dumas, Naig Gueguen, Celine Bris, Sophie Belal, Aurore Inisan, Aurelie Renaud, Arnaud Chevrollier, Daniel Henrion, Dominique Bonneau, Franck Letournel, Guy Lenaers, Pascal Reynier, Vincent Procaccio
Ketogenic diet (KD) which combined carbohydrate restriction and the addition of ketone bodies has emerged as an alternative metabolic intervention used as an anticonvulsant therapy or to treat different types of neurological or mitochondrial disorders including MELAS syndrome. MELAS syndrome is a severe mitochondrial disease mainly due to the m.3243A > G mitochondrial DNA mutation. The broad success of KD is due to multiple beneficial mechanisms with distinct effects of very low carbohydrates and ketones...
May 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414764/low-ketolytic-enzyme-levels-in-tumors-predict-ketogenic-diet-responses-in-cancer-cell-lines-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#19
Jie Zhang, Ping-Ping Jia, Qing-Le Liu, Ming-Hua Cong, Yun Gao, Han-Ping Shi, Wei-Nan Yu, Ming-Yong Miao
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, very-low-carbohydrate diet that triggers a fasting state by decreasing glucose and increasing ketone bodies, such as β-hydroxybutyrate (βHB). In experimental models and clinical trials, the KD has shown anti-tumor effects, possibly by reducing energy supplies to cells, which damage the tumor microenvironment and inhibit tumor growth. Here, we determined expression levels of genes encoding the ketolytic enzymes 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase 1 (BDH1) and succinyl-CoA: 3-oxoacid CoA transferase 1 (OXCT1) in 33 human cancer cell lines...
April 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409733/nutrition-and-bone-density-in-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Ann M Neumeyer, Natalia Cano Sokoloff, Erin I McDonnell, Eric A Macklin, Christopher J McDougle, Tara M Holmes, Jane L Hubbard, Madhusmita Misra
BACKGROUND: Boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have lower bone mineral density (BMD) than typically developing controls. Differences in diet and exercise may contribute to low BMD. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine macro- and micronutrient intakes and self-reported physical activity in boys with ASD compared to TDC and the relationship of these variables with BMD. DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 49 boys (25 ASD, 24 typically developing controls) assessed for 3-day food records and physical activity records, and BMD of the whole body less head, hip, and spine using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry...
May 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
keyword
keyword
48612
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"