keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pressure u

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792072/contextualizing-acculturative-stress-among-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#1
Venera Bekteshi, Sung-Wan Kang
PURPOSE: This systematic review of the literature informed of (a) the relationship between acculturation and acculturative stress, (b) examined the determinants of acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the U.S., and (c) provided a conceptual framework that can be used to specify the interactive effect of various factors on acculturative stress. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), this review synthesized the results of thirty studies published between 2000 and 2015 that investigated the influence of several socio-demographic and cultural contexts on acculturative stress among Latino immigrants categorized using Family Stress Management (FSM) theory as a framework...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789083/low-baseline-sympathetic-tone-correlates-to-a-greater-blood-pressure-change-in-the-cold-pressor-test
#2
Marylen Youssef, Azadeh Ghassemi, Catalina Marysol Carvajal Gonczi, Thiffya Arabi Kugathasan, Robert D Kilgour, Peter J Darlington
BACKGROUND: The cold pressor test (CPT) involves acute hand or foot exposure to cold water. CPT hyper-responders have unique traits, including risk of hypertension and a greater vasoconstrictor reserve and g force tolerance compared to hypo-responders. The purpose of this study was to uncover differences in cardiovascular and sympathetic biomarkers between responder types. METHODS: Healthy volunteers (N = 30) submerged one hand into cold water (3.3 ± 0.8°C) for 5 min...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787542/hemorrhagic-shock-alters-fracture-callus-composition-and-activates-the-il6-and-rankl-opg-pathway-in-mice
#3
Katrin Bundkirchen, Christian Macke, Nina Angrisani, Luisa M Schäck, Sandra Noack, Michael Fehr, Christian Krettek, Claudia Neunaber
BACKGROUND: Fracture and hemorrhagic shock often lead to impaired fracture healing. To elucidate underlying pathogenesis this study aims to analyze histological properties during fracture healing after hemorrhagic shock and involved signaling pathways in mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6NCrl mice were assigned into five groups. Control group underwent no interventions. Sham group got a catheter and external fixator but neither blood loss nor osteotomy. Trauma-hemorrhage (TH) group received a pressure controlled hemorrhagic shock, osteotomy (Fx) group an osteotomy and fixator, and combined trauma (THFx) group both hemorrhagic shock and externally fixed osteotomy...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786676/-the-modern-approaches-to-the-restoration-of-postural-balance-in-the-patients-suffering-from-the-consequences-of-an-acute-cerebrovascular-accident-cva
#4
S A Volovets, E Y Sergeenko, L Y Darinskaya, B A Polyaev, Y A Yashinina, M A Isaeva, I V Zhitareva, A N Lobov, T I Panova
BACKGROUND: the most frequent and severe consequences of an acute cerebrovascular accident (CVA) are locomotor and coordination disorders which significantly increase the risk of falling in a static position and when walking. The methods used for the rehabilitation of the affected patients are designed in the first place to enable the patients to acquire the skills necessary for maintaining the static balance. The modern equipment allows to carry out coordination training in the static position and also during walking...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785097/inter-gender-differences-of-balance-indicators-in-persons-60-90-years-of-age
#5
Ewa Puszczalowska-Lizis, Przemyslaw Bujas, Slawomir Jandzis, Jaroslaw Omorczyk, Marek Zak
Introduction: Precision of movements responsible for maintaining balance deteriorates with age due to natural involutionary processes, thus prompting a research question whether the values of gender-related stability indicators might differ significantly among the study subjects over 60 years of age. Methods: The study group comprised 136 seniors (89 women, 47 men; aged 60-90 years). The CQ-Stab 2P 2-platform posturograph was used as the main research device, whereas the Mann-Whitney U -test was used to evaluate the gender-related differences in the average level of variables...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785049/involvement-of-inhibitor-kappa-b-kinase-2-ikk2-in-the-regulation-of-vascular-tone
#6
Youngin Kwon, Soo-Kyoung Choi, Seonhee Byeon, Young-Ho Lee
Inhibitor kappa B kinase 2 (IKK2) plays an essential role in the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB). Recently, it has been suggested that IKK2 acts as a myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and contributes to vasoconstriction in mouse aorta. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether IKK2 acts as a MLCK or regulates the activity of myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP). Pressure myograph was used to measure vascular tone in rat mesenteric arteries. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to identify phosphorylation levels of MLC (ser19), MYPT1 (thr853 and thr696) and CPI-17 (thr38)...
May 21, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784696/why-are-we-failing-to-address-the-issue-of-access-to-insulin-a-national-and-global-perspective
#7
David Beran, Irl B Hirsch, John S Yudkin
Insulin was discovered in 1921 and soon became widely available in high-income countries. However, many people currently in need of this life-saving medicine are unable to access it. This is a global phenomenon, impacting not only populations of low- and middle-income countries but low-income populations in the U.S. In the U.S., the rate of diabetic ketoacidosis remains high in certain subpopulations, the cost of insulin being the main precipitating factor. On a global level the main cause of mortality for a child with type 1 diabetes is a lack of access to insulin, and in sub-Saharan Africa the life expectancy of a child with type 1 diabetes can be as low as 1 year...
June 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783196/activity-concentrations-of-238-u-and-226-ra-in-two-european-black-shales-and-their-experimentally-derived-leachates
#8
Franziska D H Wilke, Georg Schettler, Andrea Vieth-Hillebrand, Michael Kühn, Heike Rothe
The production of gas from unconventional resources became an important position in the world energy economics. In 2012, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre estimate 16 trillion cubic meters (Tcm) of technically recoverable shale gas in Europe. Taking into account that the exploitation of unconventional gas can be accompanied by serious health risks due to the release of toxic chemical components and natural occurring radionuclides into the return flow water and their near-surface accumulation in secondary precipitates, we investigated the release of U, Th and Ra from black shales by interaction with drilling fluids containing additives that are commonly employed for shale gas exploitation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783090/inter-and-intra-disciplinary-collaboration-and-patient-safety-outcomes-in-u-s-acute-care-hospital-units-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Chenjuan Ma, Shin Hye Park, Jingjing Shang
BACKGROUND: Collaboration among healthcare providers has been considered a promising strategy for improving care quality and patient outcomes. Despite mounting evidence demonstrating the impact of collaboration on outcomes of healthcare providers, there is little empirical evidence on the relationship between collaboration and patient safety outcomes, particularly at the patient care unit level. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to identify the extent to which interdisciplinary collaboration between nurses and physicians and intradisciplinary collaboration among nurses on patient care units are associated with patient safety outcomes...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782286/-ngal-as-a-marker-for-some-extrarenal-complications-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#10
M A Shalenkova, Z D Mikhailova, P F Klimkin
AIM: To study the role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as a marker for extrarenal complications in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 110 patients with ACS on days 1-3 of hospitalization, concentrations of NGAL, serum (s-NGAL) and urinary (u-NGAL) NGAL, and N-terminal fragment of pro-B natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured, and transthoracic echocardiography was performed. Incidence of cardiovascular complications was determined during the stay in the hospital; hemodynamic parameters (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate) were measured on admission...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782218/postural-control-and-physiological-responses-to-a-simulated-match-in-u-20-judo-competitors
#11
Luis Santos, Javier Fernández-Río, Eliseo Iglesias-Soler, Miguel Blanco-Traba, Markus Due Jakobsen, Vicente González-Díez, Emerson Franchini, Carlos Gutiérrez, Xurxo Dopico-Calvo, Eduardo Carballeira-Fernández, William Amonette, Oscar Suman
The aim was to evaluate the effects of judo combat on the athletes' postural control (PC) and physiological loading before, during and after a simulated match. Seventeen under-20 regional and national level athletes completed one modified 7-min match. At baseline, during the combat (3rd and 7th minutes) and 2-min post-match centre of pressure (CoP) parameters were assessed. Heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BLa) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and local RPE (LRPE) were collected. Significant increments were observed in CoP mean positioning and velocity at 3rd and 7th minutes, but the CoP deviation in both axes was unaffected...
May 21, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782181/effectiveness-of-an-osteopathic-abdominal-manual-intervention-in-pain-thresholds-lumbopelvic-mobility-and-posture-in-women-with-chronic-functional-constipation
#12
María José Martínez-Ochoa, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Javier González-Iglesias, François Ricard, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of an osteopathic abdominal manual intervention (AMI) on pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), mobility, hip flexibility, and posture in women with chronic functional constipation. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: Subjects were recruited for the study by referral from different gastroenterology outpatient clinics in the city of Madrid (Spain). SUBJECTS: Sixty-two patients suffering from chronic functional constipation according to the guidelines of the Congress of Rome III...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781771/strategies-of-high-performing-teaching-hospitals
#13
James R Langabeer, Karima H Lalani, Rafeek A Yusuf, Jeffrey R Helton, Tiffany Champagne-Langabeer
Teaching hospitals are large and complex, and under constant financial pressure. In this study, we examine the financial performance of 80 large teaching hospitals in the 20 largest cities in the U.S. over the last five years, to identify which strategic and operational management factors separate high-performing hospitals from lower-performing ones. Results suggest that growth strategies should continue to be sought for improving long-term financial condition. Operational efficiency was less important than market share, economic status of surrounding community, hospital size, and teaching intensity...
May 21, 2018: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778994/heart-rate-changes-during-positive-pressure-ventilation-after-asphyxia-induced-bradycardia-in-a-porcine-model-of-neonatal-resuscitation
#14
Maria Liza Espinoza, Po-Yin Cheung, Tze-Fun Lee, Megan O'Reilly, Georg M Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) states that if adequate positive pressure ventilation (PPV) was given for a low heart rate (HR), the infant's HR should increase within the first 15 s of PPV. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in HR in piglets with asphyxia-induced bradycardia. METHODS: Term newborn piglets (n=30) were anaesthetised, intubated, instrumented and exposed to 50 min normocapnic hypoxia followed by asphyxia. Asphyxia was achieved by clamping the tube until severe bradycardia (defined as HR at <u><</u>25% of baseline)...
May 19, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776995/kinematic-control-of-male-allen-s-hummingbird-wing-trill-over-a-range-of-flight-speeds
#15
Christopher J Clark, Emily A Mistick
Wing trills are pulsed sounds produced by modified wing feathers at one or more specific points in time during a wingbeat. Male Allen's Hummingbird ( Selasphorus sasin ) produce a sexually dimorphic 9 kHz wing trill in flight. Here we investigate the kinematic basis for trill production. The wingtip velocity hypothesis posits that trill production is modulated by the airspeed of the wingtip at some point during the wingbeat, whereas the wing rotation hypothesis posits that trill production is instead modulated by wing rotation kinematics...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775173/healthcare-barriers-and-supports-for-american-indian-women-with-cancer
#16
Jessica L Liddell, Catherine E Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Yeon-Shim Lee
Although American Indian (AI) women continue to experience cancer at higher rates and have not seen the same decline in cancer prevalence as the general U.S. population, little research examines how interactions with health care providers may influence and exacerbate these health disparities. The purpose of the study was to understand the experiences of AI women who receive cancer treatment, which is integral for eradication of AI cancer disparities among women. A qualitative descriptive methodology was used with a sample of 43 AI women with breast, cervical, colon, and other types of cancer from the Northern Plains region of South Dakota...
May 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774427/largely-flat-latitudinal-life-history-clines-in-the-dung-fly-sepsis-fulgens-across-europe-diptera-sepsidae
#17
Jeannine Roy, Wolf U Blanckenhorn, Patrick T Rohner
Clinal variation in body size and related life history traits is common and has stimulated the postulation of several eco-geographical rules. Whereas some clinal patterns are clearly adaptive, the causes of others remain obscure. We investigated intra-specific body size, development time and female fecundity (egg size and number) clines across 13 European populations of the dung fly Sepsis fulgens spanning 20° latitude from southern Italy to Estonia in a genetic common garden approach. Despite very short generation times (ca...
May 17, 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771353/predictors-for-identifying-burn-sepsis-and-performance-versus-existing-criteria
#18
David M Hill, Matthew D Percy, Sai R Velamuri, Julio Lanfranco, Ivan Romero Legro, Scott E Sinclair, William L Hickerson
Sepsis is the largest cause of mortality in thermally injured patients. Traditional SIRS criteria do not aid diagnosis of sepsis in burn centers. Studies have attempted identification of the best indicators of sepsis in the thermal injured patient, but predictive variables are inconsistent across the various studies. Currently, consensus guidelines lack evidential support as to which patients will benefit most from prompt antimicrobial therapy. The purpose of our study was to evaluate novel diagnostic parameters for thermal injured patients with known sepsis and compare these parameters with existing diagnostic criteria...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769147/association-of-pulmonary-cardiovascular-and-hematologic-metrics-with-carbon-nanotube-and-nanofiber-exposure-among-u-s-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Mary K Schubauer-Berigan, Matthew M Dahm, Aaron Erdely, John D Beard, M Eileen Birch, Douglas E Evans, Joseph E Fernback, Robert R Mercer, Stephen J Bertke, Tracy Eye, Marie A de Perio
BACKGROUND: Commercial use of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers (CNT/F) in composites and electronics is increasing; however, little is known about health effects among workers. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 108 workers at 12 U.S. CNT/F facilities. We evaluated chest symptoms or respiratory allergies since starting work with CNT/F, lung function, resting blood pressure (BP), resting heart rate (RHR), and complete blood count (CBC) components. METHODS: We conducted multi-day, full-shift sampling to measure background-corrected elemental carbon (EC) and CNT/F structure count concentrations, and collected induced sputum to measure CNT/F in the respiratory tract...
May 16, 2018: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765867/tongue-reshaping-a-new-surgical-method-to-prevent-self-sucking-in-dairy-cows
#20
Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif
Self-sucking behaviors lead to substantial milk loss and inflammation of the udder and teats among dairy cows. Both conservative and surgical approaches are available to prevent such behavior; however, the current methods are limited by variable efficacy and risk of complications. The objective of the present study was to evaluate a new minimally invasive technique for reshaping of the tongue to prevent self-sucking. The current technique was performed on five mixed breed dairy cows aged 4-6 years and with a mean weight 320 kgs...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
keyword
keyword
48600
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"