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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922452/impact-of-an-educational-intervention-for-district-nurses-about-preparedness-to-encounter-women-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Eva Sundborg, Lena Törnkvist, Per Wändell, Nouha Saleh-Stattin
AIM: To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the preparedness of district nurses at primary healthcare centres to encounter women exposed to intimate partner violence. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: An observational quasi-experimental study. Participants were divided into an intervention group (n = 117) and a control group (n = 204), both from the eastern part of Sweden. A group of nurses from across Sweden (the 'national group,' n = 217) was also recruited...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919617/response-side-effects-of-injectable-labetalol-in-pregnancy-induced-severe-hypertension
#2
F A Akter, K Nahar, M M Rahman, R A Ferdousi, M U Ahmed, F Begum, D Biswas, M Alom, M Z Hossain, R Z Razi
The study was performed to assess the response & side effects of injectable Labetalol in the treatment of pregnancy induced severe hypertension. This interventional study was carried out on 72 patients having pregnancy induced severe hypertension attended in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh, Bangladesh from November 2009 to October 2010. All patients were treated with intravenous Labetalol 20mg & the dose was repeated at sequential escalating dosages every 15 minutes until a therapeutic goal of systolic blood pressure <160mm of Hg & diastolic blood pressure <105mm of Hg were achieved...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918717/ecological-origins-of-freedom-pathogens-heat-stress-and-frontier-topography-predict-more-vertical-but-less-horizontal-governmental-restriction
#3
Lucian Gideon Conway, Kate Bongard, Victoria Plaut, Laura Janelle Gornick, Daniel P Dodds, Thomas Giresi, Roger G Tweed, Meredith A Repke, Shannon C Houck
What kinds of physical environments make for free societies? The present research investigates the effect of three different types of ecological stressors (climate stress, pathogen stress, and frontier topography) on two measurements of governmental restriction: Vertical restriction involves select persons imposing asymmetrical laws on others, while horizontal restriction involves laws that restrict most members of a society equally. Investigation 1 validates our measurements of vertical and horizontal restriction...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914629/association-between-ambulatory-blood-pressure-values-and-central-aortic-pressure-in-a-large-population-of-normotensive-and-hypertensive-patients
#4
Ana Rouxinol-Dias, Sara Araújo, José A Silva, Loide Barbosa, Jorge Polónia
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the association of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and central blood pressure (CBP) data in a large set of normotensive and hypertensive patients and its relation with pulse wave velocity (PWV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in a single centre and included 2864 individuals who carried out an ABPM, measurement of CBP from the aortic waveform (SphygmoCor) and carotid-femoral PWV (Complior)...
September 13, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913889/prevalence-and-contributors-to-low-grade-inflammation-in-three-u-s-populations-of-reproductive-age-women
#5
Lindsey A Sjaarda, Rose G Radin, Chandra Swanson, Daniel L Kuhr, Sunni L Mumford, Noya Galai, Robert M Silver, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Neil J Perkins, Enrique F Schisterman
BACKGROUND: Inflammation, measured by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), is linked to adverse reproductive outcomes. However, prevalence and predictors of low-grade inflammation are poorly understood among reproductive age women. Therefore, the current aim was to characterize: (i) the prevalence of elevated hsCRP and (ii) whether the association of various demographic, anthropometric, life style, and metabolic characteristics with higher hsCRP varies across populations of reproductive age women with varying risk profiles for adverse reproductive outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910267/surveillance-for-certain-health-behaviors-and-conditions-among-states-and-selected-local-areas-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-and-2014
#6
Sonya Gamble, Tebitha Mawokomatanda, Fang Xu, Pranesh P Chowdhury, Carol Pierannunzi, David Flegel, William Garvin, Machell Town
PROBLEM: Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart diseases, stroke, arthritis, and diabetes) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. These conditions are costly to the U.S. economy, yet they are often preventable or controllable. Behavioral risk factors (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, poor diet, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep) are linked to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Adopting positive health behaviors (e...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905825/intraocular-pressure-and-its-correlation-with-midnight-plasma-cortisol-level-in-cushing-s-disease-and-other-endogenous-cushing-s-syndrome
#7
Priyadarshini Mishra, Alok Pratap Singh, Vikas Kanaujia, Rachna Agarwal, Prabhaker Mishra, Ashwani Guleria, Alka Tripathi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) and evaluate the correlation between IOP and midnight plasma cortisol (MPC) level in patients with Cushing's disease (CD) and other endogenous Cushing's syndrome (ECS). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study from a single center including newly diagnosed patients with CD or ECS. All patients underwent detailed ophthalmological evaluation. IOP was measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry in the morning and evening on two consecutive days...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902644/serum-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-level-as-a-marker-of-oxidative-stress-in-patients-undergoing-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#8
Kudret Keskin, Hakan Kilci, Gökhan Aksan, Gökhan Çetinkal, Süleyman Sezai Yıldız, Füsun Kocaman Türk, Gülsüm Bingöl
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress (OS) is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), in which 100% oxygen is inhaled under hyperbaric pressure, may create OS. Therefore, the aim of this research was to measure the serum oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) level in patients undergoing HBOT. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients who underwent HBOT to treat various diseases were enrolled in this study. The serum oxLDL level was measured at the beginning of the first and after the 10th therapy session...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902206/surface-modification-induced-enhanced-co2-sorption-in-cucurbit-6-uril-an-organic-porous-material
#9
Midhun Mohan, T Suzuki, Akhil K Nair, Saju Pillai, K G K Warrier, U S Hareesh, Balagopal N Nair, J D Gale
The CO2 adsorption properties of an organic macrocycle, cucurbit[6]uril (CB[6]), have been evaluated through experimental and theoretical studies. Quantum mechanical calculations show that CB[6] is capable of adsorbing the CO2 molecule selectively within its cavity relative to nitrogen. Adsorption experiments at 298 K and at 1 bar pressure gave a CO2 adsorption value of 1.23 mmol g(-1) for the unmodified material. Significant enhancements in the CO2 adsorption capacity of the material were experimentally demonstrated through surface modification using physical and chemical methods...
September 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892880/elevation-of-oxidative-stress-and-decline-in-endogenous-antioxidant-defense-in-elderly-individuals-with-hypertension
#10
Govindanagouda V Naregal, Basavaraj B Devaranavadagi, Satish G Patil, Basavaraj S Aski
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is becoming an important medical and public health problem all over the world and is the most common disorder of ageing. There is a growing evidence of involvement of vascular oxidative stress in the development of hypertension from animal studies. However, studies on humans with hypertension, particularly in elderly are least and data remained controversial. Moreover, studies in elderly people with hypertension are scarce. AIM: To investigate the possible role of oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in the pathogenesis of hypertension in elderly...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891977/polytrauma-defined-by-the-new-berlin-definition-a-validation-test-based-on-propensity-score-matching-approach
#11
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Pao-Jen Kuo, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: Polytrauma patients are expected to have a higher risk of mortality than that obtained by the summation of expected mortality owing to their individual injuries. This study was designed to investigate the outcome of patients with polytrauma, which was defined using the new Berlin definition, as cases with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ≥ 3 for two or more different body regions and one or more additional variables from five physiologic parameters (hypotension [systolic blood pressure ≤ 90 mmHg], unconsciousness [Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤ 8], acidosis [base excess ≤ -6...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890560/perfusion-index-as-a-predictor-of-hypotension-following-spinal-anaesthesia-in-lower-segment-caesarean-section
#12
Devika Rani Duggappa, Mps Lokesh, Aanchal Dixit, Rinita Paul, R S Raghavendra Rao, P Prabha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Perfusion index (PI) is a new parameter tried for predicting hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for the lower segment caesarean section (LSCS). This study aimed at investigating the correlation between baseline perfusion index and incidence of hypotension following SAB in LSCS. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 126 parturients were divided into two groups on the basis of baseline PI. Group I included parturients with PI of ≤3...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890355/impact-of-a-workplace-physical-activity-tracking-program-on-biometric-health-outcomes
#13
Jiani Yu, Jean M Abraham, Bryan Dowd, Lucas F Higuera, John A Nyman
Wellness programs are a popular strategy utilized by large U.S. employers. As mobile health applications and wearable tracking devices increase in prevalence, many employers now offer physical activity tracking applications. This longitudinal study evaluates the impact of engagement with a web-based, physical activity tracking program on changes in individuals' biometric outcomes in an employer population. The study population includes active employees and adult dependents continuously enrolled in an eligible health plan and who have completed at least two biometric screenings (n=36,882 person-years with 11,436 unique persons) between 2011 and 2014...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889225/effects-of-blood-flow-restriction-during-moderate-intensity-eccentric-knee-extensions
#14
Michael Behringer, Lars Heinke, Jannik Leyendecker, Joachim Mester
We investigated if blood flow restriction (BFR, cuff pressure 20 mmHG below individual occlusion pressure) increases metabolic stress, hormonal response, release of muscle damage markers, and muscle swelling induced by moderate-intensity eccentric contractions. In a randomized, matched-pair design, 20 male subjects (25.3 ± 3.3 years) performed four sets of unilateral eccentric knee extensions (75% 1RM) to volitional failure with (IG) or without (CG) femoral BFR. Despite significant differences of performed repetitions between IG (85...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878323/permanent-modifications-in-silica-produced-by-ion-induced-high-electronic-excitation-experiments-and-atomistic-simulations
#15
Antonio Rivera, José Olivares, Alejandro Prada, Miguel L Crespillo, María J Caturla, Eduardo M Bringa, José M Perlado, Ovidio Peña-Rodríguez
The irradiation of silica with ions of specific energy larger than ~0.1 MeV/u produces very high electronic excitations that induce permanent changes in the physical, chemical and structural properties and give rise to defects (colour centres), responsible for the loss of sample transparency at specific bands. This type of irradiation leads to the generation of nanometer-sized tracks around the ion trajectory. In situ optical reflection measurements during systematic irradiation of silica samples allowed us to monitor the irradiation-induced compaction, whereas ex situ optical absorption measurements provide information on colour centre generation...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877834/clinicopathological-features-of-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy-in-33-adolescents
#16
Chao Li, Hang Li, Yu-Bing Wen, Jia-Ning Li, Wei-Feng Lin, Jian-Fang Cai, Lin Duan, Yan Li, Xue-Mei Li, Xue-Wang Li
Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of idiopathic membranous nephropathy(IMN)in adolescents. Methods This was a retrospective study on IMN patients hospitalized between June 2012 and December 2014,and a total of 33 IMN patients aged between 13 and 24 years old were enrolled in the study.Meanwhile,33 IMN patients aged more than 24 years old were selected randomly as control group during the same period.Diagnosis was confirmed by renal biopsy,and the secondary causes of membranous nephropathy were ruled out...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871418/time-spent-with-impaired-autoregulation-is-linked-with-outcome-in-severe-infant-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Konstantin Hockel, Jennifer Diedler, Felix Neunhoeffer, Ellen Heimberg, Carmen Nagel, Martin U Schuhmann
BACKGROUND: It could be shown in traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults that the functional status of cerebrovascular autoregulation (AR), determined by the pressure reactivity index (PRx), correlates to and even predicts outcome. We investigated PRx, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) and their correlation to outcome in severe infant and paediatric TBI. METHODS: Seventeen patients (range, 1 day to 14 years) with severe TBI (median GCS at presentation, 4) underwent long-term computerised ICP and mean arterial pressure (MAP) monitoring using dedicated software to determine CPP and PRx and optimal CPP (CPP level where PRx shows best autoregulation) continuously...
September 4, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868944/prehypertension-in-early-versus-late-pregnancy
#18
Jonathan Y Rosner, Megan Gutierrez, Margaret Dziadosz, Terri-Ann Bennett, Cara Dolin, Amelie Pham, Allyson Herbst, Sarah Lee Ba, Ashley S Roman
INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive disorders play a significant role in maternal morbidity and mortality. Limited data on prehypertension (preHTN) in pregnancy exists. We examine the risk of adverse outcomes in patients with preHTN in early (< 20 weeks) versus late pregnancy (> 20 weeks). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of singleton gestations between August 2013 and June 2014. Patients were divided based on when they had the highest blood pressure in pregnancy, as defined per the Joint National Committee 7 (JNC-7)...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867415/gender-differences-in-mental-and-physical-health-conditions-in-u-s-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#19
Hannah Ziobrowski, Carolyn E Sartor, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: To characterize gender differences in the prevalence of mental and physical health conditions and evaluate the moderating effect of assaultive trauma on risk for these conditions in a nationally representative sample of male and female U.S. veterans. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 3157 U.S. veterans from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Multivariable logistic regression analyses assessed gender differences in health outcomes and evaluated physical and sexual trauma as possible moderators of these outcomes...
October 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866319/the-effect-of-blast-overpressure-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-a-chinchilla-tympanic-membrane
#20
Junfeng Liang, Zachery A Yokell, Don U Nakmaili, Rong Z Gan, Hongbing Lu
The rupture of tympanic membrane (TM) has long been viewed as an indicator of blast injury, especially for hearing loss. However, little is known about damage to the TM caused by blast with pressure lower than the rupture threshold. In this paper, we present our study on the effect of blast overpressure on the static mechanical properties of TM. Chinchilla was used as the animal model and exposed to multiple blasts with pressures lower than the rupture threshold of the TM. Using a micro-fringe projection method, we observed the alteration of the static mechanical properties of post-blast chinchilla's TMs as compared to those of control TMs...
August 18, 2017: Hearing Research
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