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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432500/large-animals-as-potential-models-of-human-mental-and-behavioral-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Michał Danek, Janusz Danek, Aleksander Araszkiewicz
Many animal models in different species have been developed for mental and behavioral disorders. This review presents large animals (dog, ovine, swine, horse) as potential models of this disorders. The article was based on the researches that were published in the peer-reviewed journals. Aliterature research was carried out using the PubMed database. The above issues were discussed in the several problem groups in accordance with the WHO International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10thRevision (ICD-10), in particular regarding: organic, including symptomatic, disorders; mental disorders (Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease, pernicious anemia and hepatic encephalopathy, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease); behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use (alcoholic intoxication, abuse of morphine); schizophrenia and other schizotypal disorders (puerperal psychosis); mood (affective) disorders (depressive episode); neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder); behavioral syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors (anxiety disorders, anorexia nervosa, narcolepsy); mental retardation (Cohen syndrome, Down syndrome, Hunter syndrome); behavioral and emotional disorders (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428638/elevated-20-hete-in-metabolic-syndrome-regulates-arterial-stiffness-and-systolic-hypertension-via-mmp12-activation
#2
Amanda Soler, Ian Hunter, Gregory Joseph, Rebecca Hutcheson, Brenda Hutcheson, Jenny Yang, Frank Fan Zhang, Sachindra Raj Joshi, Chastity Bradford, Katherine H Gotlinger, Rachana Maniyar, John R Falck, Spencer Proctor, Michal Laniado Schwartzman, Sachin A Gupte, Petra Rocic
Arterial stiffness plays a causal role in development of systolic hypertension. 20-hydroxyeicosatetraeonic acid (20-HETE), a cytochrome P450 (CYP450)-derived arachidonic acid metabolite, is known to be elevated in resistance arteries in hypertensive animal models and loosely associated with obesity in humans. However, the role of 20-HETE in the regulation of large artery remodeling in metabolic syndrome has not been investigated. We hypothesized that elevated 20-HETE in metabolic syndrome increases matrix metalloproteinase 12 (MMP12) activation leading to increased degradation of elastin, increased large artery stiffness and increased systolic blood pressure...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408476/a-case-of-giant-cell-arteritis-associated-with-a-culture-proven-coxiella-burnetii-aortitis
#3
S De Worm, J B Giot, C Courtoy, E Gillet, Sophie Amrane, P Huynen, M Van Esbroeck, E Prudent, H Lepidi, Matthieu Million, M Moutschen, Didier Raoult
We report a case of proven Coxiella burnetii aortitis, possibly associated with a giant cell arteritis (GCA). A seventy-two-year-old man, who is a hunter, presented with weight loss, fevers, jaw claudication and hardened temporal arteries associated with a persistent inflammatory syndrome and an arteritis of the whole aorta including the brachiocephalic arteries on the 18F-FDG PET/CT. A diagnosis of GCA was retained and a treatment with prednisolone was started. Given an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, the patient underwent replacement of abdominal aorta with an allograft...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405773/brain-infarction-due-to-vertebral-artery-dissection-caused-by-a-bone-protrusion-from-the-condylar-fossa-in-a-juvenile-case
#4
Mutsumi Fujii, Miki Ohgushi, Takaaki Chin
A 16-year-old boy presented with multiple posterior circulation ischemic strokes resulting from vertebral artery (VA) dissection. Three-dimensional computed tomography showed aberrant sub-occipital bone protuberance, proximal to the VA dissection. Since the patient was a habitual neck cracker, VA dissection was thought to result from the impact shock of the rotational head movement. This could be due to either the osseous prominence or the compression between the prominence and the C1. Although it is a rare etiology of Bow Hunter's syndrome, VA dissection due to sub-occipital bone spur because of neck cracking should be considered in the diagnosis of Bow Hunter's syndrome in juvenile patients...
February 6, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391079/update-on-minimal-standards-for-electroencephalography-in-canada-a-review-by-the-canadian-society-of-clinical-neurophysiologists
#5
Dianne Dash, Chelsea Dash, Sara Primrose, Lizbeth Hernandez-Ronquillo, Farzad Moien-Afshari, Lady D Ladino, Juan Pablo Appendino, Lindsay Mazepa, Christine Elliott, Seyed M Mirsattari, Paolo Federico, Esther Bui, Gary Hunter, Rajesh RamachandranNair, Rohit Sharma, Paula Melendres, Joanne Nikkel, Dang Khoa Nguyen, Salah Almubarak, Mike Rigby, Jose F Téllez-Zenteno
Surface electroencephalogram (EEG) recording remains the gold standard for noninvasive assessment of electrical brain activity. It is the most efficient way to diagnose and classify epilepsy syndromes as well as define the localization of the epileptogenic zone. The EEG is useful for management decisions and for establishing prognosis in some types of epilepsy. Electroencephalography is an evolving field in which new methods are being introduced. The Canadian Society of Clinical Neurophysiologists convened an expert panel to develop new national minimal guidelines...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377751/a-serologic-survey-of-pathogens-in-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-in-sweden
#6
Anna Malmsten, Ulf Magnusson, Francisco Ruiz-Fons, David González-Barrio, Anne-Marie Dalin
The wild boar ( Sus scrofa) population has increased markedly during the last three decades in Sweden and in other parts of Europe. This population growth may lead to increased contact between the wild boar and the domestic pig ( Sus scrofa scrofa), increasing the risk of transmission of pathogens. The objective of our study was to estimate the seroprevalence of selective pathogens, known to be shared between wild boars and domestic pigs in Europe, in three wild boar populations in Sweden. In total, 286 hunter-harvested female wild boars were included in this study...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368539/safety-and-efficacy-of-ads-5102-amantadine-extended-release-capsules-to-improve-walking-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#7
Jeffrey A Cohen, Samuel F Hunter, Theodore R Brown, Mark Gudesblatt, Ben W Thrower, Lily Llorens, Cindy J Souza-Prien, April E Ruby, David N Chernoff, Rajiv Patni
BACKGROUND: Walking impairment causes disability and reduced quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: Characterize the safety and efficacy of ADS-5102 (amantadine) extended release capsules, 274 mg administered once daily at bedtime in patients with MS with walking impairment. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 4-week study was conducted at 14 trial sites in the United States. Study objectives included safety and tolerability of ADS-5102, and efficacy assessments (Timed 25-Foot Walk (T25FW), Timed Up and Go (TUG), 2-Minute Walk Test, and Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12)...
January 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361075/function-shoulder-motion-pain-and-lymphedema-in-breast-cancer-with-and-without-axillary-web-syndrome-an-18-month-follow-up
#8
Linda A Koehler, David W Hunter, Anne H Blaes, Tufia C Haddad
Background: Axillary web syndrome (AWS) can develop following breast cancer surgery and presents as a tight band of tissue in the axilla with shoulder abduction. Objective: The objectives were to determine the prevalence and natural history of AWS, and the association between AWS and function, range of motion, pain, lymphedema, and body mass index (BMI). Design: This study was a longitudinal prospective cohort study utilizing a repeated measures design...
January 18, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335595/mapping-the-epidemic-changes-and-risks-of-hemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome-in-shaanxi-province-china-2005-2016
#9
Weifeng Liang, Xu Gu, Xue Li, Kangjun Zhang, Kejian Wu, Miaomiao Pang, Jianhua Dong, Hunter R Merrill, Tao Hu, Kun Liu, Zhongjun Shao, Hong Yan
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a major rodent-borne zoonosis. Each year worldwide, 60,000-100,000 HFRS human cases are reported in more than seventy countries with almost 90% these cases occurring in China. Shaanxi Province in China has been among the most seriously affected areas since 1955. During 2009-2013, Shaanxi reported 11,400 human cases, the most of all provinces in China. Furthermore, the epidemiological features of HFRS have changed over time. Using long-term data of HFRS from 2005 to 2016, we carried out this retrospective epidemiological study combining ecological assessment models in Shaanxi...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327300/cant%C3%A3%C2%BA-syndrome-with-coexisting-familial-pituitary-adenoma
#10
Pedro Marques, Rupert Spencer, Patrick J Morrison, Ian M Carr, Mary N Dang, David T Bonthron, Steven Hunter, Márta Korbonits
CONTEXT: Pseudoacromegaly describes conditions with an acromegaly related physical appearance without abnormalities in the growth hormone (GH) axis. Acromegaloid facies, together with hypertrichosis, are typical manifestations of Cantú syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a three-generation family with 5 affected members, with marked acromegaloid facies and prominent hypertrichosis, due to a novel missense variant in the ABCC9 gene. The proband, a 2-year-old girl, was referred due to marked hypertrichosis, noticed soon after birth, associated with coarsening of her facial appearance...
January 11, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323806/spine-and-spinal-cord-injuries-after-falls-from-tree-stands-during-the-wisconsin-deer-hunting-season
#11
Kimberly Hamilton, Brandon Rocque, Nathaniel Brooks
BACKGROUND: Deer hunting is popular in much of the United States. In Wisconsin, use of tree stands for hunting is common. Spine surgeons at a Level 1 Trauma Center observed a high incidence of spine and spinal cord injury due to falls from tree stands while hunting. This study's purpose is to systematically characterize and classify those injuries. METHODS: We reviewed the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics' trauma database for tree stand-related injuries from 1999 to 2013...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314214/oral-and-craniofacial-manifestations-in-a-hunter-syndrome-patient-with-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-case-report
#12
Rafaela de Oliveira Torres, Andréa Vaz Braga Pintor, Fábio Ribeiro Guedes, Liana Bastos Freitas-Fernandes, Anneliese Lopes Barth, Dafne Dain Gandelman Horovitz, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza
We described herein the oral and craniofacial features of a 7-year-old boy, diagnosed in utero with mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II), who was treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) at 70 days of age. The main oral clinical findings were the following: macroglossia, posterior cross-bite, crowding, pointed cuspid teeth, delayed tooth eruption, retained primary teeth, and enamel hypoplasia. The image examination showed: retention eruption, posterior primary teeth with short roots, absence of some permanent teeth, and stretching of the stylohyoid processes bilaterally...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240636/the-etiology-of-genital-ulcer-disease-and-coinfections-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-zimbabwe-results-from-the-zimbabwe-sti-etiology-study
#13
More Mungati, Anna Machiha, Owen Mugurungi, Mufuta Tshimanga, Peter H Kilmarx, Justice Nyakura, Gerald Shambira, Vitalis Kupara, David A Lewis, Elizabeth Gonese, Beth A Tippett Barr, H Hunter Handsfield, Cornelis A Rietmeijer
BACKGROUND: In many countries, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are treated syndromically. Thus, patients diagnosed as having genital ulcer disease (GUD) in Zimbabwe receive a combination of antimicrobials to treat syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and genital herpes. Periodic studies are necessary to assess the current etiology of GUD and assure the appropriateness of current treatment guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 6 geographically diverse clinics in Zimbabwe serving high numbers of STI cases to enroll men and women with STI syndromes, including GUD...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240635/the-etiology-of-male-urethral-discharge-in-zimbabwe-results-from-the-zimbabwe-sti-etiology-study
#14
Cornelis A Rietmeijer, More Mungati, Anna Machiha, Owen Mugurungi, Vitalis Kupara, Luanne Rodgers, Peter H Kilmarx, Amy Herman Roloff, Elizabeth Gonese, Beth A Tippett-Barr, Gerald Shambira, David A Lewis, H Hunter Handsfield, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are managed syndromically in most developing countries. In Zimbabwe, men presenting with urethral discharge are treated with a single intramuscular dose of kanamycin or ceftriaxone in combination with a week's course of oral doxycycline. This study was designed to assess the current etiology of urethral discharge and other STIs to inform current syndromic management regimens. METHODS: We conducted a study among 200 men with urethral discharge presenting at 6 regionally diverse STI clinics in Zimbabwe...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225776/the-sedentary-r-evolution-have-we-lost-our-metabolic-flexibility
#15
Jens Freese, Rainer Johannes Klement, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Helmut Lötzerich
During the course of evolution, up until the agricultural revolution, environmental fluctuations forced the human species to develop a flexible metabolism in order to adapt its energy needs to various climate, seasonal and vegetation conditions. Metabolic flexibility safeguarded human survival independent of food availability. In modern times, humans switched their primal lifestyle towards a constant availability of energy-dense, yet often nutrient-deficient, foods, persistent psycho-emotional stressors and a lack of exercise...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210605/cognitive-and-behaviour-profiles-of-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii
#16
Louise Crowe, Joy Yaplito-Lee, Vicki Anderson, Heidi Peters
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II (MPS II) or Hunter Syndrome is a rare X-linked condition, due to a defect in a lysosomal enzyme involved in the breakdown of glycosaminoglycans. It is a progressive condition with worsening over time; however, symptom severity and progression rates vary. Normal intellectual function has been reported in males with mild MPS II but few studies are available that provide comprehensive cognitive profiles. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) can stabilize physical symptoms and has become standard treatment...
September 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207768/controversies-in-serotonin-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Mohd Faisal Uddin, Richard Alweis, Syed Raza Shah, Noman Lateef, Waqas Shahnawaz, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Amin Muhammad Dharani, Syed Arbab Shah
Over the past few years, Serotonin Syndrome (SS) has become a significant clinical concern. Over the last decade, United States saw a surge in antidepressant use. SS characteristically presents as the triad of altered mental status, autonomic dysfunction and neuromuscular excitation. Symptoms vary from patient to patient with mild cases presenting with subacute symptoms and severe cases progressing rapidly to death. Due to the protean manifestations of the syndrome along with non-specific prodromal, SS can easily be misdiagnosed if not carefully assessed...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199434/a-single-centre-prospective-cohort-study-addressing-the-effect-of-a-rule-in-rule-out-troponin-algorithm-on-routine-clinical-practice
#18
Jack Marjot, Thomas E Kaier, Katherine Henderson, Laura Hunter, Michael S Marber, Divaka Perera
AIMS: In 2015, the European Society of Cardiology introduced new guidelines for the diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes in patients presenting without persistent ST-segment elevation. These guidelines included the use of high-sensitivity troponin assays for 'rule-in' and 'rule-out' of acute myocardial injury at presentation (using a '0 hour' blood test). Whilst these algorithms have been extensively validated in prospective diagnostic studies, the outcome of their implementation in routine clinical practice has not been described...
December 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158997/presentation-and-treatments-for-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-mps-ii-hunter-syndrome
#19
Molly Stapleton, Francyne Kubaski, Robert W Mason, Hiromasa Yabe, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Kenji E Orii, Tadao Orii, Shunji Tomatsu
Introduction: Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) is an X- linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). IDS deficiency leads to primary accumulation of dermatan sulfate (DS) and heparan sulfate (HS). MPS II is both multi-systemic and progressive. Phenotypes are classified as either attenuated or severe (based on absence or presence of central nervous system impairment, respectively). Areas covered: Current treatments available are intravenous enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), anti-inflammatory treatment, and palliative care with symptomatic surgeries...
2017: Expert Opinion on Orphan Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091713/after-the-epidemic-zika-virus-projections-for-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#20
Felipe J Colón-González, Carlos A Peres, Christine Steiner São Bernardo, Paul R Hunter, Iain R Lake
BACKGROUND: Zika is one of the most challenging emergent vector-borne diseases, yet its future public health impact remains unclear. Zika was of little public health concern until recent reports of its association with congenital syndromes. By 3 August 2017 ∼217,000 Zika cases and ∼3,400 cases of associated congenital syndrome were reported in Latin America and the Caribbean. Some modelling exercises suggest that Zika virus infection could become endemic in agreement with recent declarations from the The World Health Organisation...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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