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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121712/epidemiologic-incidence-of-rhabdomyolysis-in-opioid-overdose-in-icu-of-poisoning-center-in-iran-2014
#1
Babak Khoshideh, Mohammad Arefi, Mazaher Ghorbani, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fatemeh Taghizadeh
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical, demographical characteristics and some laboratory findings of hospitalized patients with acute opioid toxicity and rhabdomyolysis. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 354 hospitalized patients were investigated at Baharloo Educational Hospital in Tehran, with acute illicit drug toxicity in 2014. Data was collected by an investigator-made check lists. The collected data and variations (such as mortality rate, demographic data, and renal function tests as well as serum biochemical elements) were analyzed by descriptive statistics and x-square test...
November 8, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118950/quality-of-surgical-scrub-in-a-heart-hospital-do-not-take-it-for-granted
#2
Leila Abdollahi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Ahmadreza Jodati, Naser Safaie, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Amin Daemi
Introduction: The role of scrub in the prevention of post-surgery infections is well-known. This study aimed to investigate the inputs and process of surgical scrub in operating rooms of the largest heart hospital of northwest Iran. Methods: This study took place with a before-after design as a clinical audit in 2014. A check list developed based on national and international standards of surgical hand scrub was used as the study instrument. Checklists were completed by observation of surgical team scrubbing in real situation...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118637/revision-of-the-genus-limobius-with-the-description-of-a-new-species-coleoptera-curculionidae-hyperini
#3
Jiří Skuhrovec, Miguel A Alonso-Zarazaga
The new species, Limobius winkelmannisp. n. is described, keyed, and illustrated. This enigmatic new species has seven desmomeres as other Hyperini-species, but according to shape of elytra and aedeagus, which are typical for representatives of Limobius, it is treated in this genus. The actualised key and check-list of Limobius is presented. The taxonomical position and status of the genus Limobius within the tribe Hyperini is also discussed here.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118612/distributional-records-of-antarctic-and-sub-antarctic-ophiuroidea-from-samples-curated-at-the-italian-national-antarctic-museum-mna-check-list-update-of-the-group-in-the-terra-nova-bay-area-ross-sea-and-launch-of-the-mna-3d-model-virtual-gallery
#4
Matteo Cecchetto, Maria Chiara Alvaro, Claudio Ghiglione, Alice Guzzi, Claudio Mazzoli, Paola Piazza, Stefano Schiaparelli
The distributional records of Ophiuroidea stored at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA, Section of Genoa) are presented, corresponding to 1595 individuals that belong to 35 species and 17 genera. Specimens were collected in 106 different sampling stations at depths ranging from 21 to 1652 m in the framework of 14 Antarctic expeditions to the Ross Sea, one to the Antarctic Peninsula, and one to the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas). Three species, Amphiura joubini Koehler, 1912, Amphiura (Amphiura) angularis Lyman, 1879, and Ophiura flexibilis (Koehler, 1911), are reported as new records for the Terra Nova Bay area, whose check-list of species increases from 15 to 18 species...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113614/validation-of-family-conflict-scales-for-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-facilities-and-exploration-of-family-conflicts-and-support
#5
Chie Fukui, Mariko Sakka, Rachel Marry Amiya, Iori Sato, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to develop a family conflict scale for family caregivers of persons with dementia in long-term care facilities and to explore the relationship between family conflicts and family support. METHODS: The scale was developed through forward- and back-translations, interviews with 12 staff members in long-term care facilities, and cognitive interviews with 12 family caregivers who met operational definitions in this study. The test was conducted with 334 family caregivers and a retest was conducted with 318 family caregivers who had indicated willingness to participate further...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106869/check-list-for-the-assessment-of-functional-impairment-in-children-with-congenital-aural-atresia
#6
Silvia Montino, Anna Agostinelli, Patrizia Trevisi, Alessandro Martini, Sara Ghiselli
OBJECTIVES: Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) is a deformity of the external ear and it is commonly associated with malformations of middle and inner ear and, in some cases, with other facial deformities. Very few assessment measures exist for evaluating the functional impairment in children with CAA. Purpose of this study is to introduce and describe an assessment Checklist, (nominated FOS Checklist) that covers feeding abilities (F), oralmotor skills (O), communication/language development (S) in children with CAA...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081005/children-s-and-parent-s-psychological-profiles-in-selective-mutism-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-clinical-study
#7
Flavia Capozzi, Filippo Manti, Michela Di Trani, Maria Romani, Miriam Vigliante, Carla Sogos
Selective mutism (SM) is classified in DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder. The aim of the study was to investigate the psychological features of children with SM and their parental psychological profiles, compared to generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) children and their parents. The parents of 26 preschool children with SM and 32 with children with GAD filled out the child behavior check list for 1½-5 years (CBCL1½-5) and the symptom checklist-90-revised (SCL-90-R). Information about the children and their parents' histories was collected through clinical interviews...
October 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074609/social-intuition-and-social-information-in-physical-child-abuse-evaluation-and-diagnosis
#8
Heather T Keenan, Lawrence J Cook, Lenora M Olson, Tyler Bardsley, Kristine A Campbell
BACKGROUND: Poor and minority children with injuries concerning for abuse are evaluated and diagnosed for abuse differentially. We hypothesized that 2 steps in the decision-making process would influence evaluation and diagnosis: social intuition from meeting the family and objective social information associated with child abuse risk. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, 32 child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) submitted 730 child abuse consultations including original medical evaluations and diagnoses...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052014/predictive-validity-of-a-service-setting-based-measure-to-identify-infancy-mental-health-problems-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Janni Ammitzbøll, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Bjørn E Holstein, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
Measures to identify infancy mental health problems are essential to guide interventions and reduce the risk of developmental psychopathology in early years. We investigated a new service-setting-based measure the Copenhagen Infant Mental Health Screening (CIMHS) within the general child health surveillance by community health nurses (CHN). The study population of 2973 infants was assessed by CIMHS at age 9-10 months. A subsample of 416 children was examined at age 1½ years, using parent interviews including the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1½-5), Check List of Autism and Toddlers (CHAT), Infant-Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSCL), and the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID) and observations of behavior, communication, and interaction...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049839/pusher-preventing-maximum-expansion-of-transfemoral-transcatheter-valves
#10
Josepha Koehne, Mirko Doss, Won-Keun Kim, Thomas Walther
To report on 2 rare cases of balloon-expandable transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation, where a trapped balloon led to complications requiring acute intervention. Both patients were elderly with increased risk profile and had been discussed by the heart team. After standard positioning of the valves using a transfemoral approach, retrieval of the pusher before deployment of the valve was missed. In 1 patient, rapid pacing was continued, the balloon deflated, the pusher pulled back and the balloon repositioned and reinflated...
August 23, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045499/obstetric-and-psychological-characteristics-of-women-choosing-epidural-analgesia-during-labour-a-cohort-study
#11
Vasilis Sitras, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the obstetric and psychological characteristics of women who opt to use epidural analgesia (EDA) during labour and the impact of participating in labour preparation courses on women's decisions to use EDA. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Akershus University Hospital, Norway. POPULATION: 2596 women with singleton pregnancies and intended vaginal delivery. METHODS: Data were collected using two self-completed questionnaires at pregnancy weeks 17 and 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040266/chinese-college-freshmen-s-mental-health-problems-and-their-subsequent-help-seeking-behaviors-a-cohort-design-2005-2011
#12
Fenge Liu, Nan Zhou, Hongjian Cao, Xiaoyi Fang, Linyuan Deng, Wenrui Chen, Xiuyun Lin, Lu Liu, Huichun Zhao
Based on cohort data obtained from 13,085 college freshmen's (2005 to 2011) SCL-90 (the Symptom Check-List-90) reports and their subsequent 4-year psychological counseling help-seeking records, this study examined the association between college students' mental health problems and help-seeking behaviors across four college years. Female students' mental health problems and help-seeking behaviors increased from the 2005 to the 2011 cohorts and no changes emerged for male students across cohorts. Overall, male students reported higher levels of mental health problems than did female students in the first college year, whereas female students reported more help-seeking behaviors than did male students in the following four college years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038686/the-assessment-of-psychopathology-among-traumatized-refugees-measurement-invariance-of-the-harvard-trauma-questionnaire-and-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-25-across-five-linguistic-groups
#13
Tim R Wind, Niels van der Aa, Simone de la Rie, Jeroen Knipscheer
Background: Questionnaires are widely used to assess the mental health status of refugees, whereas their construct validity largely remains unexplored. Objective: This study examined the construct validity of two widely-used instruments for the assessment of PTSD symptoms (Harvard Trauma Questionnaire [HTQ]; 16 items) and symptoms of anxiety and depression (Hopkins Symptom Check list-25 [HSCL-25]; 25 items) among Dutch and refugee patients with different linguistic backgrounds. Method: We applied exploratory factor analyses and measurement invariance analyses to test construct validity...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969238/a-comprehensive-approach-towards-quality-and-safety-in-diagnostic-imaging-services-our-experience-at-a-rural-tertiary-health-care-center
#14
Viral Patel, Geetika Sindhwani, Monica Gupta, Sweta Arora, Arpita Mishra, Jayesh Bhatt, Manali Arora, Anisha Gehani
INTRODUCTION: An organization's transformation from imple-mentation of small, distinct Quality Improvement (QI) efforts to complete incorporation of Quality Improvement Program (QIP) into its culture occurs through a process of churning the foundational elements over time. AIM: To develop a quality culture across the employees, identify measurable indicators and various tools to impart effective quality care and develop a learning culture for continuous quality improvement in the field of imaging services...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949310/relationship-of-religiousness-and-religious-coping-with-quality-of-life-among-war-trauma-survivors
#15
Senadin Fadilpašić, Daniel Maleč, Alma Džubur-Kulenović
BACKGROUND: Long-term posttraumatic outcomes such as quality of life are dependent on a series of factors from the very exposure to traumatic events and stress appraisals, personality traits, posttraumatic growth, symptoms of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and different coping strategies to religiousness and religious coping styles. Except of exposure to traumatic events and related stress, all other variables may have indirect mediating effects on long-term posttraumatic outcomes...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917064/a-novel-method-for-improving-chest-tube-insertion-skills-among-medical-interns-using-biomaterial-covered-mannequin
#16
Ozgur Tatli, Suha Turkmen, Melih Imamoglu, Yunus Karaca, Mustafa Cicek, Metin Yadigaroglu, Selen T Bayrak, Olgun Asik, Murat Topbas, Suleyman Turedi
To develop a low-cost biomaterial-covered chest tube simulation model and assess its possible usefulness for developing the chest tube insertion skills among medical interns. Methods: This mannequin-based interventional study was performed in a University hospital setting. We included 63 physicians performing emergency medicine internship at the Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey, between January 2015 and March 2015. A dummy was prepared for training simulation using a display mannequin...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901694/the-role-of-cognitive-biases-in-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#17
Ueli Kramer, Diana Ortega, Gilles Ambresin, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Yves de Roten
The concept of biased thinking - or cognitive biases - is relevant to psychotherapy research and clinical conceptualization, beyond cognitive theories. The present naturalistic study aimed to examine the changes in biased thinking over the course of a short-term dynamic psychotherapy (STDP) and to discover potential links between these changes and symptomatic improvement. This study focuses on 32 self-referred patients consulting for Adjustment Disorder according to DSM-IV-TR. The therapists were experienced psychodynamically oriented psychiatrists and psychotherapists...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885684/personality-traits-of-nurses-and-organizational-climate-in-relation-to-the-use-of-coercion-in-psychiatric-wards
#18
Tomasz Pawlowski, Piotr Baranowski
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the personality traits of nurses and the organizational climate in psychiatric wards affecting the frequency of the use of coercion. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study applied a descriptive, longitudinal design based on a 1-year prospective observation. FINDINGS: The best predictor for the initiation of coercion by nursing personnel was a low score on the Creative Personality Factor Scale in Adjective Check List and the low score in the area of Leadership in Kolb's Organizing Climate Questionnaire (KOQC)...
September 8, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872037/executive-dysfunctions-as-a-good-predictor-of-misuse-of-respiratory-inhalers-among-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-survey
#19
Lucie Voulhoux, Gérald Cremer, Anne Spinewine, Marie de Saint-Hubert, Fabienne Amant, Carine Sohy, Didier Schoevaerdts
The objectives of the study are to determine the prevalence and potential risk factors of misuse of respiratory inhalers among hospitalized patients admitted at the CHU UcL Namur, site Godinne. Using a cross-sectional design, patients using respiratory inhalers since more than 7 days were recruited from a database established by the hospital pharmacy. Inhaler technique was assessed using a standardised check-list and graded misuse as major or minor errors using previously published criteria. Demographic and clinical data were prospectively collected using standardised tools...
September 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865480/the-psychological-problems-and-related-influential-factors-of-left-behind-adolescents-lba-in-hunan-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ye Man, Lv Mengmeng, Li Lezhi, Mao Ting, Zhang Jingping
BACKGROUND: Due to lack of companionship of parents, compared with non left behind children, left behind children (LBC) suffer from more psychological problems compared with children live with their parents. The aim of this study was to explore the mental health status and the relationship among psychological problems and the related factors of LBC. METHOD: Adopting delaminating-random-group sampling and using region, county, village (town) as sampling framework, we utilized Demographic Data Recording Form, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List, Scale of APGAR, Perceived Social Support Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Self-Esteem Scale and Scale of Mental Health for Chinese Middle-school Student to assess 1309 left behind child in junior middle school students' mental health in Hunan...
September 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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