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Olcay Güner
: The Early Maladaptive Schema Questionnaires Set for Children and Adolescents (SQS) was developed to assess early maladaptive schemas in children between the ages of 10 and 16 in Turkey. The SQS consists of five questionnaires that represent five schema domains in Young's schema theory. Psychometric properties (n = 983) and normative values (n = 2250) of SQS were investigated in children and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 16. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Thomas Kutner, Emily Kunkel, Yue Wang, Kyle George, Erik L Zeger, Zonera A Ali, George C Prendergast, Paul B Gilman, U Margaretha Wallon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test a new blood-based assay for its ability to predict delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea. METHODS: Blood drawn from consented patients prior to receiving their first platinum-based therapy was tested for glutathione recycling capacity and normalized to total red cell numbers. This number was used to predict nausea and then compared to patient reported outcomes using the Rotterdam Symptom Check List and medical records. RESULTS: We show that the pathways involved in the glutathione recycling are stable for at least 48 h and that the test was able to correctly classify the risk of nausea for 89...
October 12, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Anika Frühauf, Martin Burtscher, Elena Pocecco, Martin Faulhaber, Martin Kopp
PURPOSE: There is an ongoing discussion how to assess acute mountain sickness (AMS) in real life conditions. Next to more-item scales with a cut off like the Lake Louise Self-Report (LLS), some authors suggested to use visual analog scales (VAS) to assess AMS. This study tried to contribute to this question using VAS items used for the Subjective Ratings of Drug Effects, including an additional single item for AMS. Furthermore, we investigated if instruments developed to assess psychological well-being might predict AMS assessed via LLS or VAS...
2016: SpringerPlus
K G Andrew Hamilton
The Central American tribe Neaenini, originally comprising only the monobasic genus Neaenus Fowler, was thought to be transitional between Cercopinae and Aphrophorinae. The genus is here enlarged by 5 (1 unnamed)  additional species including 2 in a distinctive new subgenus Neaniskus. Keys are presented to 5 species of Neaenus, to 12 allied Neotropical genera and their 57 species: 12 of Tomaspisinella Lallemand, 1927 (=Hemitomaspis Lallemand, 1949, syn.nov. and 3 distinctive new subgenera Meretricula, Merinx and Merulatomus), 14 species of Microsargane Fowler, 1897 (=Ecothera Melichar, 1915, syn...
September 20, 2016: Zootaxa
Zolaykha Asghari, Alireza Mardanshahi, Ebrahim Bagherian Farahabadi, Hasan Siamian, Ali Morad Heidari Gorji, Benyamin Mohseni Saravi, Esmaeil Rezazadeh, Seyyed Payam Paymard
INTRODUCTION: Documentation of patients' medical records has been always emphasized because medical records are as a means to be applied by patients, all medical staff, quality evaluations of health care, lawsuits, medical education and, etc. Regarding to this, each of the data elements available in the sheets of medical records has their own values. The rate of completion indicates the importance of the medical recorders for faculty member. So in this article the researcher evaluates the completion of medical records in the teaching hospitals of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Soyong Eom, Rochelle Caplan, Anne T Berg
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the reported association between pediatric epilepsy and behavioral problems may be distorted by the use of parental proxy report instruments. STUDY DESIGN: Children in the Connecticut Study of Epilepsy were assessed 8-9 years after their epilepsy diagnosis (time-1) with the parent-proxy Child Behavior Check List (CBCL) (ages 6-18 years) or the Young Adult Self-Report (≥18 years of age). For children <18 years of age, parents also completed the Child Health Questionnaire, which contains scales for impact of child's illness on the parents...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
S Combaluzier, B Gouvernet, F Menant, A Rezrazi
OBJECTIVE: Since the publication of the DSM-5 (APA, 2013), the dimensional conception of the personality disorders is co-existing with the classical categorical paradigm. Tools have been proposed for the evaluations of five big pathological factors to be explored further according to the APA (negative affectivity, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, psychoticism). Despite numerous works using these questionnaires (30 works in 3 years according to Al-Adjani et al., 2015), none of them have yet been translated into French...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, William T Hoyt, Stig Poulsen, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
PURPOSE: The aim was to examine duration of illness and body mass index as possible moderators of the relationship between eating disorder severity and functional impairment, as well as psychological distress as a possible mediator of this relationship. METHODS: The study included 159 patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder or eating disorder not otherwise specified. Regression analysis was applied to assess the effect of the hypothesized moderators and mediators...
September 22, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Mariyah Anwer, Shahneela Manzoor, Nadeem Muneer, Shamim Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To assess World Health Organization (WHO) Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC), compliance and its effectiveness in reducing complications and final outcome of patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study done in Department of General Surgery (Ward 02), Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi. The study included Total 3638 patients who underwent surgical procedure in elective theatre in four years from November 2011 to October 2015 since the SSC was included as part of history sheets in ward...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Christoph Flückiger, Hansjörg Znoj, Andreea Vîslă
Since the programmatic Rosenhan study, there is a broad discussion of how to actively construct clinical realities on both "insane" and "sane" perspectives. To inform patients about the output of the psychometric questionnaires assessed at intake is a required task in many clinical routines. Information processing bias toward psychopathology may impact many clinical communications and thus lead to clinical errors. Based on an output of the commonly used Symptom Check List 90, case examples demonstrate various grades of balanced and unbalanced alternatives of how to consider the psychopathological as well as the unproblematic poles of Likert scales in discussing psychometric questionnaires at Session 1...
September 2016: Psychotherapy
Gilberto Gerra, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Giulia Milano, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Claudia Donnini
Studies evidenced the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and tobacco smoking in adulthood. An appropriate parenting style has been found to be associated with children's less frequent tobacco consumption. Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity could represent the potential link between ACEs, mood disorders and smoking susceptibility. We studied a sample of 50 male smokers, affected by nicotine dependence and 50 controls who never smoked. Self-reported retrospective perception of neglect (Child Experience of Care and Abuse: CECA-Q questionnaire), age of smoking onset, number of cigarette/day, psychiatric symptoms (Symptoms Check List 90 scale: SCL 90) and basal level of ACTH and cortisol have been evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Michelle R Munson, James Jaccard
Research on mental health service engagement has been dominated by attempts to identify determinants of engagement. Such knowledge is important but incomplete. Once identified, program designers need to use evidence-based principles to design programs to bring about changes in the empirically identified determinants. Research is relatively silent on such principles. This article develops a framework to guide program designers' as they address factors that constrain and/or facilitate engagement. The framework is grounded in communication theory and evidence from related behavioral science research...
September 15, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Marsha Gerdes, Judy Bernbaum, Ryan M Antiel, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neurodevelopmental sequelae in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) children at 5years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort of 35 CDH patients was enrolled in our follow-up program between 06/2004 and 09/2014. The neurodevelopmental outcomes assessed at a median of 5years (range, 4-6) included cognition (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence [WPPSI], n=35), Visual-Motor-Integration (n=35), academic achievement (Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement, n=25), and behavior problems (Child Behavior Check List [CBCL], n=26)...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Uwe Weber, Mihai A Constantinescu, Ulrich Woermann, Felix Schmitz, Kai Schnabel
INTRODUCTION: Various different learning methods are available for planning tuition regarding the introduction to surgical hand disinfection. These learning methods should help to organise and deal with this topic. The use of a video film is an alternative to conventional tuition due to the real presentation possibilities of practical demonstration. OBJECTIVE: This study examines by way of comparison which form of communication is more effective for learning and applying surgical hand disinfection for medical students in their first year of studies: video-based instruction or conventional tuition...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Alessandro Musetti, Grazia Terrone, Paola Corsano, Barbara Magnani, Sergio Salvatore
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we have explored the link among styles of attachment and psychopathology in drug users. We know that insecure attachment predisposes the individuals the development of drug-addiction and psychopathological symptoms. However, we do not know which attachment is more frequent in drug users and which is related to particular psychopathological symptoms. The aim of the present work is to explore the relationship between childhood attachment state of mind, attachment in close relationships, parental bonding and psychopathology in sample of Italian substance users...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Masoumeh Esmaeilivand, Fereshteh Jalalvandi, Mohammad Mehdi Mohammadi, Shima Parandin, Parvin Taghizadeh, Peyman Arasteh
INTRODUCTION: In the background of increasing use of internet in Asian countries, the study of psychological health in internet addicted users seems to be vital and necessary. Therefore the present study aimed to determine mental health among internet addicted and non-internet addicted Iranian and Indian students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 students in various colleges from Pune and Mumbai cities of Maharashtra. Internet Addiction Test and Symptom Check List (SCL) 90-R were used...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
N Pourel, C Meyrieux, B Perrin
Quality and safety management have been implemented for many years in healthcare structures (hospitals treating cancer, private radiotherapy centres). Their structure and formalization have improved progressively over time. These recommendations aim at describing the link between quality and safety management through its organization scheme based on quality-safety policy, process approach, document management and quality measurement. Dedicated tools, such as experience feedback, a priori risk mapping, to-do-lists and check-lists are shown as examples and recommended as routine practice...
September 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Kyu-Tek Park, Soowon Cho, Yang-Seop Bae
The Family Lecithoceridae of the Oceanian region, which includes New Guinea (Papua and Papua New Guinea) together with some islands east of Borneo and SW Pacific islands, is reviewed, with a description of Thubana brunalis Park, sp. nov. T. brunalis is the second species of the Torodorinae introduced to the region. Also included a historical review on the taxonomic works on the family in the region, a zoogeographical consideration of the taxa, and a tentative check list of the family, including 158 valid species names...
2016: Zootaxa
A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt, C V Nielsen, M B D Nielsen, R Rugulies, C Jensen
BACKGROUND: Multiple somatic symptoms are common and may cause prolonged sickness absence (SA) and unsuccessful return to work (RTW). AIMS: To compare three instruments and their predictive and discriminative abilities regarding RTW. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study of participants recruited from two municipal job centres, with at least 8 weeks of SA. The instruments used were the Symptom Check List of somatic distress (SCL-SOM) (score 0-48 points), the Bodily Distress Syndrome Questionnaire (BDSQ) (0-120 points) and the one-item self-rated health (SRH) (1-5 points)...
July 21, 2016: Occupational Medicine
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Zoran Gucev
Diabetes mellitus type 1 (T1DM) is a chronic disease with long term consequences dictating daily struggle to maintain a good metabolic control. Children and adolescents with T1DM seem to have inferior psychological adjustment to their normal counterparts, which might be associated with glycemic control and disease duration. The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychological characteristics of children and adolescents with T1DM treated last year in the University Children Hospital in Skopje, Macedonia and to propose some response measures...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
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