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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340237/pain-and-cognition-in-multiple-sclerosis
#1
R Scherder, N Kant, E Wolf, A C M Pijnenburg, E Scherder
Objective. : The goal of the present study was to examine the relationship between pain and cognition in patients with multiple sclerosis. Design. : Cross-sectional. Setting. : Nursing home and personal environment of the investigators. Subjects. : Two groups of participants were included: 91 patients with multiple sclerosis and 80 matched control participants. Methods. : The level of pain was measured by the following pain scales: Number of Words Chosen-Affective, Colored Analogue Scale for pain intensity and suffering from pain, and the Faces Pain Scale...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328110/comorbidity-of-internet-gaming-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-focus-on-clinical-characteristics-and-gaming-patterns
#2
Euihyeon Na, Hyeseon Lee, Inyoung Choi, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although Internet gaming disorder (IGD), which has been considered as a behavioral addiction in DSM-5, shares core features with alcohol use disorder (AUD), there has been minimal research on the clinical implications of the comorbidity between IGD and AUD. The purpose of this study is to investigate clinical psychopathologies and Internet game usage patterns of IGD, AUD, and their comorbid status. METHODS: Participants (n = 1819) completed a cross-sectional web-based survey...
March 22, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319789/group-schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-a-pilot-study-for-implementation-in-acute-psychiatric-in-patient-settings
#3
Igor Nenadić, Sina Lamberth, Neele Reiss
Group schema therapy (GST) has been proposed as a novel long-term treatment programme for borderline and cluster C personality disorders. We implemented a short-term GST programme (12-15 sessions, based on the manual by Farrell and Shaw (2012), including both cognitive / behavioural and experiential interventions for in-patients (n=9) with either borderline or cluster C personality disorders (and axis I co-morbidities) treated in a (sub)acute psychiatric in-patient setting. We evaluated pre- and post-treatment self-report of maladaptive and adaptive schema modes (using the SMI) and early maladaptive schemas (YSQ-3), as well as overall symptom severity (brief symptom check list, BSCL-53-S), patient satisfaction (ZUF-8) and group climate and coherence (GCQ-S)...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301590/predictors-of-suicide-in-the-patient-population-admitted-to-a-locked-door-psychiatric-acute-ward
#4
Roar Fosse, Wenche Ryberg, Merete Kvalsvik Carlsson, Jan Hammer
OBJECTIVE: No prior study appears to have focused on predictors of suicide in the general patient population admitted to psychiatric acute wards. We used a case-control design to investigate the association between suicide risk factors assessed systematically at admission to a locked-door psychiatric acute ward in Norway and subsequent death by suicide. METHOD: From 2008 to 2013, patients were routinely assessed for suicide risk upon admission to the acute ward with a 17-item check list based on recommendations from the Norwegian Directorate of Health and Social Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285865/application-of-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-strobe-statement-to-publications-on-endoscopic-treatment-for-vesicoureteral-reflux
#5
M K Farrugia, A J Kirsch
OBJECTIVE: Following an increasing number of submissions on endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), the Journal of Pediatric Urology sought to establish a quality guideline that would enable reviewers to select the best papers for publication in the journal. The "Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology" (STROBE) Statement, established in 2007, is a 22-item checklist designed to assist with clear reporting of observational studies. This checklist includes a description of methodological items and instructions on how to use them to transparently report observational studies...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264365/review-of-i-testudobracon-i-quicke-hymenoptera-braconidae-with-descriptions-of-four-new-species-from-south-india
#6
M Sheeba, A P Ranjith, T C Narendran
The Braconinae is a generically diverse subfamily of Braconidae. The Old World genus Testudobracon Quicke is reviewed and four new species viz., T. athashi Ranjith sp. nov., T. malabaricus Sheeba sp. nov., T. shameeri Ranjith sp. nov. and T. travencorensis Sheeba sp. nov., are described from south India. A check list and key to the world species are provided.
February 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253261/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-among-diabetic-patients-at-arbaminch-general-hospital-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yilma Chisha, Wondwossen Terefe, Huruy Assefa, Serawit Lakew
BACKGROUND: Currently 93 million people are estimated as living with diabetic retinopathy worldwide. The prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy in developed countries have been well documented; but in Ethiopia, data on prevalence and associated factors of diabetic retinopathy is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence and factors associated with development of diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients at Arbaminch General Hospital, Ethiopia. METHOD: Cross-sectional study design with record review of 400 diabetic patients was conducted at Arbaminch General Hospital from November to January 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242283/blood-venous-sample-collection-recommendations-overview-and-a-checklist-to-improve-quality
#8
REVIEW
Davide Giavarina, Giuseppe Lippi
The extra-analytical phases of the total testing process have substantial impact on managed care, as well as an inherent high risk of vulnerability to errors which is often greater than that of the analytical phase. The collection of biological samples is a crucial preanalytical activity. Problems or errors occurring shortly before, or soon after, this preanalytical step may impair sample quality and characteristics, or else modify the final results of testing. The standardization of fasting requirements, rest, patient position and psychological state of the patient are therefore crucial for mitigating the impact of preanalytical variability...
February 25, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228632/physical-and-psychological-characteristics-of-the-community-dwelling-elderly-with-heart-disease
#9
Takeshi Kera, Hisashi Kawai, Hideyo Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi
Objectives Although the survival rates of patients with heart diseases, such as myocardial infarction and heart failure, have increased, the incidence of heart disease in elderly individuals has also increased. We compared characteristics of the community-dwelling elderly with heart diseases (heart disease group) and without heart diseases (non-heart disease group).Methods A total of 758 elderly individuals participated in our survey ("Otassha-kensin") in 2014. The heart disease group (47 men, 28 women) and the non-heart disease group (263 men, 420 women) were selected from among these participants...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222741/the-impact-of-psychological-factors-on-condition-specific-generic-and-individualized-patient-reported-outcomes-in-low-back-pain
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ida Løchting, Andrew M Garratt, Kjersti Storheim, Erik L Werner, Margreth Grotle
BACKGROUND: An individualized patient reported outcome (PRO) has recently been recommended within LBP research, but no study has evaluated this instrument with commonly applied PROs. Moreover, the impact of psychological factors has mostly been assessed for disease-specific instruments. The objective of this study was to assess the predictive value of illness perceptions, pain catastrophizing and psychological distress on 12 month outcomes assessed by specific, generic and individualized PROs recommended in low back pain (LBP)...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209049/5-point-checklist-for-skin-cancer-detection-in-primary-care
#11
Elvira Moscarella, Aimilios Lallas, Caterina Longo, Roberto Alfano, Giuseppe Argenziano
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer screening interventions often relay on the involvement of general practitioners (GPs). Many interventions up to now have been directed to training approaches focusing on the clinical features of skin malignancies to increase GPs skill in skin cancer recognition. METHODS: Based on the available current knowledge about skin cancer epidemiology and risk factors, we built up a 5-point checklist to help GPs in triaging patients to be referred to a dermatologist...
February 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208942/comparing-the-effects-of-agnugol-and-metformin-on-oligomenorrhea-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Arezoo Shayan, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Shahin Tohidi, Arash Khalili
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy and cause of oligomenorrhea in women. AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to compare the effect of Agnugol and Metformin drugs on oligomenorrhea in patients with PCOS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a clinical trial on 120 women with PCOS and had oligomenorrhea, referring to a gynaecology clinic Fatemieh, Hamadan city, Iran, 2015. Women were randomly divided into 2 groups using permutation blocks (getting the medications Agnugol and Metformin) and were treated with drugs Agnugol and Metformin for 3 months...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203120/international-lessons-in-new-methods-for-grading-and-integrating-cost-effectiveness-evidence-into-clinical-practice-guidelines
#13
REVIEW
Kathryn M Antioch, Michael F Drummond, Louis W Niessen, Hindrik Vondeling
Economic evidence is influential in health technology assessment world-wide. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) can enable economists to include economic information on health care provision. Application of economic evidence in CPGs, and its integration into clinical practice and national decision making is hampered by objections from professions, paucity of economic evidence or lack of policy commitment. The use of state-of-art economic methodologies will improve this. Economic evidence can be graded by 'checklists' to establish the best evidence for decision making given methodological rigor...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166613/melanocytic-nevus-count-and-dermoscopic-features-do-not-differ-in-psoriatic-patients-undergoing-biological-agent-versus-conventional-drug-therapy
#14
Serpil Pirmit, Nahide Onsun, Ozlem Su, Dilek B Ozkaya
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease and treatment of psoriasis includes conventional immunosuppressive agents and biological agents. There are a few data on the relationship between psoriasis and melanocytic lesions. Either benign or malignant proliferations may be seen with immunosuppressive treatment. Eruptive nevi and malignant melanoma (MM) have been reported also associated with biological agents There is raising link biological treatment and malignancies. The objective of this paper is to examine the effects of biological agents versus conventional drugs on melanocytic nevi count and dermoscopical features...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161396/the-method-used-to-set-the-pass-mark-in-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-defines-the-performance-of-candidates-for-certification-as-rheumatologists
#15
Virginia Pascual-Ramos, Gabriel Medrano-Ramírez, Eunice Solís-Vallejo, Ana Guilaisne Bernard-Medina, Diana Elsa Flores-Alvarado, Margarita Portela-Hernández, María Del Rocío Maldonado-Velázquez, Luis Javier Jara-Quezada, Luis Manuel Amezcua-Guerra, Judith López-Zepeda, Miguel Ángel Saavedra, César Alejandro Arce-Salinas
BACKGROUND: The Mexican Accreditation Council for Rheumatology certifies trainees (TR) on an annual basis using both a multiple-choice question (MCQ) test and an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). For 2013 and 2014, the OSCE pass mark (PM) was set by criterion referencing as ≥6 (CPM), whereas overall rating of borderline performance method (BPM) was added for 2015 and 2016 accreditations. We compared OSCE TR performance according to CPM and BPM, and examined whether correlations between MCQ and OSCE were affected by PM...
February 1, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144895/abnormal-regional-homogeneity-and-functional-connectivity-in-adjustment-disorder-of-new-recruits-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#16
Hui Li, Yuning Lin, Ji Chen, Xiaoyang Wang, Qingqing Wu, Qi Li, Ziqian Chen
PURPOSE: To explore the regional spontaneous neural activity and functional connectivity alterations of adjustment disorder (AD) in new recruits with in vivo resting-state functional MR (rs-fMRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Resting-state fMRI was performed in 31 recruits with AD and in 31 control recruits. Regional homogeneity (ReHo) was used to detect the regional synchronizing features of neuronal activations. Correlative analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between the Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90) score and ReHo in regions with significant group differences...
January 31, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139411/-improving-patient-safety-usefulness-of-safety-checklists-in-a-neonatal-unit
#17
María Arriaga Redondo, Ester Sanz López, Ana Rodríguez Sánchez de la Blanca, Itziar Marsinyach Ros, Laura Collados Gómez, Alicia Díaz Redondo, Manuel Sánchez Luna
INTRODUCTION: Due to the complexity and characteristics of their patients, neonatal units are risk areas for the development of adverse events (AE). For this reason, there is a need to introduce and implement some tools and strategies that will help to improve the safety of the neonatal patient. Safety check-lists have shown to be a useful tool in other health areas but they are not sufficiently developed in Neonatal Units. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental prospective study was conducted on the design and implementation of the use of a checklist and evaluation of its usefulness for detecting incidents...
January 27, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124397/nidotherapy-compared-with-enhanced-care-programme-approach-training-for-adults-with-aggressive-challenging-behaviour-and-intellectual-disability-nidabid-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
P Tyrer, S A Tarabi, P Bassett, N Liedtka, R Hall, J Nagar, A Imrie, H Tyrer
BACKGROUND: Aggressive challenging behaviour is very common in care homes for people with intellectual disability, and better psychological treatments are needed. Nidotherapy aims to change the environment of people with mental illness and is an appropriate treatment for this group of disorders. METHOD: The design was a cluster randomised trial of 20 care homes in which the staff either received training in nidotherapy or the enhanced care programme approach (ECPA), with equivalent duration of treatment in each arm...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103153/agreeableness-and-pregnancy-relations-with-coping-and-psychiatric-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-on-spanish-pregnant-women
#19
Cecilia Peñacoba, Laura Rodríguez, Javier Carmona, Dolores Marín
Agreeableness is associated with good mental health during pregnancy. Although different studies have indicated that agreeableness is related to adaptive coping, this relation has scarcely been studied in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to analyze the possible differences between high and low agreeableness in relation to coping strategies and psychiatric symptoms in pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal prospective study between October 2009 and January 2013. Pregnant women (n = 285) were assessed in the first trimester of pregnancy, and 122 of them were assessed during the third...
January 19, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102918/medication-administration-errors-and-related-deviations-from-safe-practice-an-observational-study
#20
Alwiena J Blignaut, Siedine K Coetzee, Hester C Klopper, Suria M Ellis
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of medication administration errors, medication administration related deviations from safe practice as well as factors associated with these errors in medical and surgical units of public hospitals in the Gauteng Province of South Africa. BACKGROUND: Several studies have been published on the incidence of medication administration errors, but only a few have studied the incidence of medication administration related deviations from safe practice...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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