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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#1
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610270/revision-of-the-genus-i-bradyporus-i-charpentier-1825-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-bradyporinae
#2
Mustafa Ünal
The genus Bradyporus Charpentier is taxonomically revised using information obtained from numerous recently collected specimens. Bradyporus is divided into two subgenera Bradyporus Charpentier s.str. and Callimenus Fischer von Waldheim. Five species groups are distinguished in the latter subgenus. Sixteen species and subspecies are listed. Bradyporus (Callimenus) multituberculatus multituberculatus (Fischer von Waldheim, 1833) and Bradyporus (Callimenus) multituberculatus montandoni (Burr, 1898) are designated subspecies for the first time...
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609976/additional-three-new-species-of-i-anarsia-i-meyrick-lepidoptera-gelechiidae-from-cambodia-and-vietnam
#3
Kyu-Tek Park, Yang-Seop Bae
Three new species of the genus Anarsia Zeller (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) are described: A. huensis Park, sp. nov. from Vietnam, and A. pursatica Park, sp. nov. and A. degeneralis Park, sp. nov. from Cambodia. Images of adults and genitalia for the new species are illustrated. A check list of the known species from both countries is provided.
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608402/does-the-severity-of-psychopathology-of-italian-students-receiving-counselling-services-increase-over-time-a-5-year-analysis-and-a-comparison-with-a-clinical-and-non-clinical-sample
#4
Maria Grazia Strepparava, Marco Bani, Federico Zorzi, Umberto Mazza, Francesca Barile, Giorgio Rezzonico
Psychological problems-from the most minor such as exams anxiety to the more severe such as personality disorders-are not rare in young adults. University Counselling Services often present the only opportunity for undergraduates to meet health professionals and to be confronted with their difficulties in a non-clinical setting or-in cases of more severe psychopathology-to be referred to mental health services. Recent research attests to the increasing severity of psychological problems among undergraduate and graduate university students...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607243/costing-of-immunization-service-provision-in-kalutara-district-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Hemali Jayasekara, Amala De Silva, Ananda Amarasinghe
BACKGROUND: Immunization is regarded as the single most cost-effective way to prevent vaccine-preventable diseases. With the rising cost of the National Immunization Programme (NIP) in Sri Lanka, immunization costing studies could help programme managers to ensure sustainable immunization financing in the country. METHODS: Four medical officer of health (MOH) divisions in Kalutara district were included, to estimate the cost incurred for the NIP programme. Fifteen immunization clinics from urban and rural settings were selected from the selected MOH divisions, by a simple random sampling method...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583869/total-disc-replacement-versus-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-degenerative-discs-eight-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial
#6
Håvard Furunes, Kjersti Storheim, Jens Ivar Brox, Lars Gunnar Johnsen, Jan Sture Skouen, Eric Franssen, Tore K Solberg, Leiv Sandvik, Christian Hellum
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar total disc replacement is a treatment option for selected patients with chronic low back pain that is non-responsive to conservative treatment. The long-term results of disc replacement compared to multidisciplinary rehabilitation have not been reported previously. PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the long-term relative efficacy of lumbar total disc replacement compared to multidisciplinary rehabilitation. DESIGN: We undertook a multicenter randomized controlled trial at five university hospitals in Norway...
June 2, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583211/parenting-a-child-at-home-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-experiences-of-commitment-of-stress-and-of-love
#7
Annie M Cantwell-Bartl, James Tibballs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experiences of parenting a child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after the child has been discharged home from hospital. DESIGN: A study of the parents' experiences using face-to-face interviews and psychometric measures with parents whose child had survived stage surgery. SETTING: Parents were interviewed within the home environment or within the hospital if that was their choice. SUBJECTS: A total of 29 parents (16 mothers and 13 fathers) of surviving children...
June 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581276/effects-of-mental-health-support-on-the-grief-of-bereaved-people-caused-by-sewol-ferry-accident
#8
Hyesung Han, Jin Won Noh, Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, Ji Young Joo, Jin Hyuk Hong, Jeong Ho Chae
Few studies have assessed the overall effects of multi-centered, complicated mental health support on the grief process. This study investigated the broader influence of mental health support provided practically to the bereaved family on the severity of complicated grief. Ninety-three bereaved family members of the Sewol ferry accident were recruited. Severity of complicated grief, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive disorder was assessed through self-reporting questionnaire, inventory of complicated grief (ICG), PTSD Check List-5 (PCL-5) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558624/contribution-of-analyses-on-triadic-relationships-to-diagnostics-and-treatment-planning-in-developmental-psychopathology
#9
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Alessandra Simonelli, Laura Sudati, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Recent clinical and theoretical research in the field of developmental psychopathology has focused on the importance of interactions in a child's development. The literature has investigated how children's early relationships contribute to the structure and expression of any subsequent psychological problems. The main focus of this pilot study is the application of the Lausanne Trilogue Play paradigm as part of psychodiagnostic assessments to elucidate family functioning in clinical settings. The research aims particularly to observe the characteristics of a family's interactions in the light of their child's psychopathological symptoms, based on a sample of 38 families with school-age children referred to a Neuropsychiatry Unit for Children and Adolescents for emotional or behavioral problems...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539941/unresolved-bereavement-and-other-mental-health-problems-in-parents-of-the-sewol-ferry-accident-after-18-months
#10
Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, So Hee Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the overall mental health consequences of the bereaved parents after the Sewol ferry accident. METHODS: Eighty-four bereaved parents participated in the study. Self-report scales assessing the severity of psychiatric symptoms and other related psychosomatic problems were used at 18 months following the accident. Univariate descriptive statistics and regression analyses were performed to report the prevalence, severity, and correlates of psychiatric symptoms...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#11
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
May 25, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524230/the-etiology-of-autistic-traits-in-preschoolers-a-population-based-twin-study
#12
Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Rosa A Hoekstra, Meike Bartels, Dorret I Boomsma
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are highly heritable, but the exact etiological mechanisms underlying the condition are still unclear. METHODS: Using a multiple rater twin design in a large sample of general population preschool twins, this study aimed to (a) estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to autistic traits, controlling for the possible effects of rater bias, (b) to explore possible sex differences in etiology and (c) to investigate the discordance in autistic traits in monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#13
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440666/relationship-between-delivery-modes-and-genitourinary-syndrome-among-postmenopausal-women
#14
M Yaralizadeh, P Abedi, P Salehinejad
OBJECTIVES: Many postmenopausal women suffer from genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) due to the lack of estrogen. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between mode of delivery and GSM among postmenopausal women. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of women who had had either vaginal delivery or Cesarean section. Data were collected through a sociodemographic questionnaire and a check list for assessing signs and symptoms of GSM. Subjective symptoms of vaginal atrophy (dryness, dyspareunia, itching, burning and paleness), pH of the vagina and maturation index were assessed and recorded...
April 25, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417525/metformin-associated-lactic-acidosis-mala-moving-towards-a-new-paradigm
#15
REVIEW
Jean-Daniel Lalau, Farshad Kajbaf, Alessandro Protti, Mette Marie Christensen, Marc-Etienne De Broe, Nicolas Wiernsperger
Although metformin has been used for over 60 years, the balance between the drug's beneficial and adverse effects is still subject to debate. Following an analysis of how cases of so-called "metformin-associated lactic acidosis" (MALA) are reported in the literature, the present article reviews the pitfalls to be avoided when assessing the purported association between metformin and lactic acidosis. By starting from pathophysiological considerations, we propose a new paradigm for lactic acidosis in metformin-treated patients...
April 17, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404474/does-having-a-difficult-child-lead-to-poor-maternal-mental-health
#16
Ann M Kingsbury, Alexandra Clavarino, Abdullah Mamun, Nargess Saiepour, J M Najman
OBJECTIVES: Considerable evidence suggests maternal psychopathology influences that of their offspring. The probability of a reverse causal pathway has been only rarely considered but is a concern, given around 10% of children manifest mental impairment during their early years. This study determines the extent to which child behavior problems at ages 5 and 14 years are associated with mothers' mental health at 21 years post birth. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393440/effects-of-a-multifactorial-intervention-comprising-resistance-exercise-nutritional-and-psychosocial-programs-on-frailty-and-functional-health-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#17
Satoshi Seino, Mariko Nishi, Hiroshi Murayama, Miki Narita, Yuri Yokoyama, Yu Nofuji, Yu Taniguchi, Hidenori Amano, Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai
AIM: To examine the effects of a multifactorial intervention on frailty and functional health among community-dwelling older adults, a 6-month randomized, controlled, cross-over trial was carried out within the Hatoyama Cohort Study. METHODS: A total of 77 pre-frail or frail older adults (mean age 74.6 years) were randomly allocated to an immediate intervention group (IIG; n = 38) or delayed intervention group (DIG; n = 39). The IIG participated in a twice-weekly multifactorial intervention comprising resistance exercise, nutritional education and psychosocial programs...
April 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392227/assessing-mental-health-in-boys-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-emotional-behavioural-and-neurodevelopmental-profile-in-an-italian-clinical-sample
#18
Paola Colombo, Maria Nobile, Alessandra Tesei, Federica Civati, Sandra Gandossini, Elisa Mani, Massimo Molteni, Nereo Bresolin, Grazia D'Angelo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate through a comprehensive protocol, the psychopathological profile of DMD boys. The primary aim of this observational study was to describe the emotional and behavioural profile and the neurodevelopmental problems of Italian boys with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD); the secondary aim was to explore the relation between psychopathological profile and DMD genotype. METHOD: 47 DMD boys, aged 2-18, were included in the study and assessed through structured and validated tools including Wechsler scales or Griffiths for cognitive ability, Child Behavior Check List (CBCL), Youth Self Report (YSR) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for emotional and behavioural features...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385173/novel-augmentation-strategies-in-major-depression
#19
Klaus Martiny
Hypothesis The hypotheses of all the four included studies share the common idea that it is possible to augment the effect of antidepressant drug treatment by applying different interventions and with each intervention attain a clinically meaningful better effect compared to a control condition, and with minor side effects, thus improving the short- and medium-term outcome in major depression. Procedures Study design The basic study design has been the double blind randomised controlled trial (RCT). In the light therapy study, all patients were treated with sertraline for the whole of the study duration...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385114/psychological-distress-anger-and-quality-of-life-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-associations-with-biochemical-phenotypical-andsocio-demographic-factors
#20
Lidia Borghi, Daniela Leone, Elena Vegni, Valentina Galiano, Corina Lepadatu, Patrizia Sulpizio, Emanuele Garzia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and psychological disturbances, including anger. To analyze whether the biochemical/phenotypical features of PCOS play a role in the type and severity of psychological disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case-control study included 30 PCOS patients meeting NIH criteria and 30 non-PCOS women referring to Reproductive Medicine Unit for infertility. Complete clinical and biochemical screening and the self-reported psychological data [Symptom Check List 90-R (SCL-90-R); Short-Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36); and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)] were collected...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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