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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777372/cardiac-surgery-2017-reviewed
#1
REVIEW
Torsten Doenst, Hristo Kirov, Alexandros Moschovas, David Gonzalez-Lopez, Rauf Safarov, Mahmoud Diab, Steffen Bargenda, Gloria Faerber
For the year 2017, more than 21,000 published references can be found in PubMed when entering the search term "cardiac surgery". This review focusses on conventional cardiac surgery, considering the new interventional techniques only if they were directly compared to classic techniques but also entails aspects of perioperative intensive care management. The publications last year provided a plethora of new and interesting information that helped to quantify classic surgical treatment effects and provided new guidelines for the management of structural heart disease, which made comparisons to interventional techniques easier...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736131/the-association-of-insight-and-change-in-insight-with-clinical-symptoms-in-depressed-inpatients
#2
Hongbo He, Qing Chang, Yarong Ma
Background: Lack of insight has been extensively studied and was found to be adversely correlated with impaired treatment compliance and worse long term clinical outcomes among patients with schizophrenia, while not much is known about this phenonmenon in patients with severe depression. Aim: To explore the correlates of insight and its relation to symptom changes among the most seriously ill patients with affective disorders, those who require hospitalization. Methods: Patients hospitalized in a large psychiatric hospital in south China with either major depressive disorder (MDD)(N=55) or bipolar depression (BD) (N=85) based on ICD-10 diagnostic criteria were assessed with the Insight and Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire (ITAQ) one week after admission and at the time of discharge...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734319/-a-critical-analysis-of-the-degree-of-care-humanization-in-the-hospitals-of-the-provincia-romana-san-giovanni-di-dio-fatebenefratelli-fbf
#3
Flavia Verginelli, Rosaria Gallo, Annalisa Teti, Claudia Franco, Patrizia Piscioneri, Giovanni Pimpinella, Rosalia Fiore, Angela Primavera, Adriana Sorrentino, Giovanni Guglielmucci, Michele Venditti, Alberto Carbone, Mariateresa Iannuzzo, Giampiero Seroni, Pietro Civello, Maria Cardarelli, Giovanni Roberti
In the Hospitals of the Ordine della Provincia Romana San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli (FBF) (consisting of four hospitals located in three Italian regions) Patient Centeredness has always been considered a central point. In 2015, the Central Hospitals' Health Direction decided to use a check-list for the evaluation of the degree of Patient Centered Care Facilities, drawn up by the National Agency for Regional Health Services (Age.Na.S) during the 2010 Research Project "Experimentation and transfer of organizational empowerment models for evaluating and improving the quality of health services...
January 2018: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719309/capabilities-and-advantages-of-cloud-computing-in-the-implementation-of-electronic-health-record
#4
Maryam Ahmadi, Nasim Aslani
Background: With regard to the high cost of the Electronic Health Record (EHR), in recent years the use of new technologies, in particular cloud computing, has increased. The purpose of this study was to review systematically the studies conducted in the field of cloud computing. Methods: The present study was a systematic review conducted in 2017. Search was performed in the Scopus, Web of Sciences, IEEE, Pub Med and Google Scholar databases by combination keywords...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690337/contribution-to-knowledge-of-the-genus-cuanta-dworakowska-1993-hemiptera-cicadellidae-typhlocybinae-with-descriptions-of-three-new-species
#5
Juxia Kang, Min Huang, Yuru Yang, Yalin Zhang
The leafhopper genus Cuanta Dworakowska, 1993 is recorded from China for the first time. Three species, C. plana, C. curva. and C. centralis spp. nov., are described and illustrated as new to science. A check-list and key to all species of Cuanta are provided.
March 20, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672539/the-tempo-and-mode-of-the-taxonomic-correction-process-how-taxonomists-have-corrected-and-recorrected-north-american-bird-species-over-the-last-127-years
#6
Gaurav Vaidya, Denis Lepage, Robert Guralnick
While studies of taxonomy usually focus on species description, there is also a taxonomic correction process that retests and updates existing species circumscriptions on the basis of new evidence. These corrections may themselves be subsequently retested and recorrected. We studied this correction process by using the Check-List of North and Middle American Birds, a well-known taxonomic checklist that spans 130 years. We identified 142 lumps and 95 splits across sixty-three versions of the Check-List and found that while lumping rates have markedly decreased since the 1970s, splitting rates are accelerating...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628903/hypoxia-worsens-affective-responses-and-feeling-of-fatigue-during-prolonged-bed-rest
#7
Nektarios A M Stavrou, Tadej Debevec, Ola Eiken, Igor B Mekjavic
Previous research, although limited, suggests that both hypoxia and bed rest influence psychological responses by exaggerating negative psychological responses and attenuating positive emotions. The present study investigated the effect of a 21-day prolonged exposure to normobaric hypoxia and bed rest on affective responses and fatigue. Eleven healthy participants underwent three 21-day interventions using a cross-over design: (1) normobaric hypoxic ambulatory confinement (HAMB), (2) normobaric hypoxic bed rest (HBR) and (3) normoxic bed rest (NBR)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628182/-group-intervention-from-a-sensorimotor-approach-to-reduce-the-intensity-of-chronic-pain
#8
Miguel Ángel Cantero-Braojos, Andrés Cabrera-León, María Angeles López-González, Luís Angel Saúl
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness, on people with chronic pain, of an intervention (Time In) designed to reduce pain and to improve psychological symptoms. DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial with a control group, taking three measurements over three months. SETTING: Granada, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 40 women aged 18 or older with a history (over 6 months) of chronic pain. The recruitment was in the Fibromyalgia Association of Granada, Spain (AGRAFIM)...
April 5, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594798/improved-quality-of-care-for-patients-infected-or-colonised-with-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-french-teaching-hospital-impact-of-an-interventional-prospective-study-and-development-of-specific-tools
#9
Véronique Mondain, Florence Lieutier, Céline Pulcini, Nicolas Degand, Luce Landraud, Raymond Ruimy, Thierry Fosse, Pierre Marie Roger
The increasing incidence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in France prompted the publication of national recommendations in 2010. Based on these, we developed a toolkit and a warning system to optimise management of ESBL-E infected or colonised patients in both community and hospital settings. The impact of this initiative on quality of care was assessed in a teaching hospital. The ESBL toolkit was developed in 2011 during multidisciplinary meetings involving a regional network of hospital, private clinic and laboratory staff in Southeastern France...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575447/relations-of-mindfulness-facets-with-psychological-symptoms-among-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-major-depressive-disorder-or-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Fabrizio Didonna, Roberta Rossi, Clarissa Ferrari, Luca Iani, Laura Pedrini, Nicoletta Rossi, Erica Xodo, Mariangela Lanfredi
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in mindfulness facets among patients with a diagnosis of either obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or borderline personality disorder (BPD), and healthy controls (HC), and their associations with clinical features. DESIGN AND METHOD: One hundred and fifty-three patients and 50 HC underwent a clinical assessment including measures of mindfulness (Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire - FFMQ), psychopathological symptoms (Symptom Check List-90-R), dissociation (Dissociative Experience Scale), alexithymia (Alexithymia Scale 20), and depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II)...
March 25, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556159/prevalence-and-correlates-of-probable-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-female-sex-workers-in-lilongwe-malawi
#11
Sarah A MacLean, Kathryn E Lancaster, Thandie Lungu, Pearson Mmodzi, Mina C Hosseinipour, Brian W Pence, Bradley N Gaynes, Irving F Hoffman, William C Miller
Globally, female sex workers (FSW) experience a high prevalence of mental health disorders, but in sub-Saharan Africa these are rarely identified. If left untreated, mental health disorders may place FSW and their partners at risk for HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed the prevalence and correlates of probable depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal ideation (SI) in a cohort of 200 FSW in Lilongwe, Malawi. FSW completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the PTSD Check List-Civilian Version...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550608/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-future-psychological-distress-a-thirteen-year-longitudinal-population-based-study
#12
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh, Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs
A number of cross-sectional studies have suggested that physical activity (PA) is negatively associated with psychological distress in adulthood. A paucity of regionally representative and longitudinal studies has considered this relationship. This study investigated the association between leisure time light and moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) and psychological distress over 13 years in a regionally representative sample. A total of 4754 men (mean age: 47.2 years) and 5571 women from (mean age: 46.9 years) the Tromsø Study were followed for 13 years...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536929/perceptual-errors-in-pediatric-radiology
#13
REVIEW
George A Taylor
Perceptual errors are common contributors to missed diagnoses in the clinical practice of radiology. While the physical attributes of an image such as image resolution, signal-to-noise characteristics, and anatomic complexity are major causes of poor conspicuity of pathologic lesions, there are major interrelated cognitive contributors to visual errors. The first is satisfaction of search (SOS), where the detection of an abnormality results in premature termination of further search. Another form of incomplete search pattern is visual isolation, where a radiologist's search pattern is truncated to the main areas of an image, while little or no attention is given to peripheral areas...
September 26, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521123/adherence-of-physical-therapy-with-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-rehabilitation-of-stroke-in-an-active-inpatient-setting
#14
Ajimsha M S, Smithesh Kooven, Noora Al-Mudahka
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines are systematically developed statements designed to help practitioners and patients to make decisions about appropriate health care. Clinical practice guideline adherence analysis is the best way to fine tune the best practices in a health care industry with international benchmarks. OBJECTIVE: To assess the physical therapist's adherence to structured stroke clinical practice guidelines in an active inpatient rehabilitation center in Qatar...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517298/maternal-attachment-style-during-pregnancy-and-becoming-a-mother-in-poland
#15
Anna Zdolska-Wawrzkiewicz, Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś, Mariola Bidzan
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the connections in pregnant women between their mother attachment style and their self-image as a mother, the image of their mother as a mother, and their bond with the unborn child. BACKGROUND: The relationship with one's mother plays a crucial role in the process of becoming a mother. It influences what a pregnant woman thinks about herself as a mother. This relationship is a predictor of the bond with the child during the pregnancy...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499726/varicella-zoster-virus-vaccination-in-immunosuppressed-children-with-rheumatic-diseases-using-a-pre-vaccination-check-list
#16
Fabian Speth, Claas H Hinze, Susanne Andel, Thomas Mertens, Johannes-Peter Haas
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to apply the varicella zoster virus (VZV) vaccine to patients with pediatric rheumatic diseases (PRD) at risk for severe chickenpox, without interrupting their current immunosuppression, including biological agents, using an immunological-based pre-vaccination checklist to assure safety. A pre-vaccination checklist was implemented to ensure adequate immune competence prior to immunization. METHODS: This prospective study included seronegative patients (VZV-IgG ≤200 mIU/ml) and patients who had previously received only a single dose of VZV vaccine...
March 2, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496225/do-out-of-pocket-costs-affect-medication-adherence-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Parvaneh Heidari, Wendy Cross, Kimberley Crawford
INTRODUCTION: For individuals with a chronic condition, long-term management of their medication can be difficult and as a result non-adherence is common among this cohort. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the introduction of biologic agents was a revolutionary treatment but the high costs of this medication might limit their utilisation. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to determine whether out-of-pocket (OOP) costs affect adherence to RA medications in adults with a diagnosis of RA...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491717/projector-based-virtual-reality-dome-environment-for-procedural-pain-and-anxiety-in-young-children-with-burn-injuries-a-pilot-study
#18
Christelle Khadra, Ariane Ballard, Johanne Déry, David Paquin, Jean-Simon Fortin, Isabelle Perreault, David R Labbe, Hunter G Hoffman, Stéphane Bouchard, Sylvie LeMay
Background: Virtual reality (VR) is a non-pharmacological method to distract from pain during painful procedures. However, it was never tested in young children with burn injuries undergoing wound care. Aim: We aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the study process and the use of VR for procedural pain management. Methods: From June 2016 to January 2017, we recruited children from 2 months to 10 years of age with burn injuries requiring a hydrotherapy session in a pediatric university teaching hospital in Montreal...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491716/psychiatric-and-physical-comorbidities-and-pain-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Rogier Scherder, Neeltje Kant, Evelien T Wolf, Bas Pijnenburg, Erik Ja Scherder
Background: It has been observed that patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), who have psychiatric and physical comorbidities such as depression and COPD, have an increased risk of experiencing more pain. In this study, we have distinguished between pain intensity and pain affect, as the latter, particularly, requires treatment. Furthermore, while pain and comorbidities have been assessed using questionnaires, this is possibly a less reliable method for those who are cognitively vulnerable...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489030/from-equity-to-power-critical-success-factors-for-twinning-between-midwives-a-delphi-study
#20
Franka Cadée, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Raymond de Vries
AIMS: To gain consensus for Critical Success Factors associated with Twinning in Midwifery. BACKGROUND: International publications identify midwifery as important for improving maternity care worldwide. Midwifery is a team effort where midwives play a key role. Yet their power to take on this role is often lacking. Twinning has garnered potential to develop power in professionals, however, its success varies because implementation is not always optimal. Critical Success Factors have demonstrated positive results in the managerial context and can be helpful to build effective Twinning relationships...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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