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Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh, Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs
A number of cross-sectional studies have suggested that physical activity (PA) is negatively associated with psychological distress in adulthood. A paucity of regionally representative and longitudinal studies has considered this relationship. This study investigated the association between leisure time light and moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) and psychological distress over 13 years in a regionally representative sample. A total of 4754 men (mean age: 47.2 years) and 5571 women from (mean age: 46.9 years) the Tromsø Study were followed for 13 years...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
George A Taylor
Perceptual errors are common contributors to missed diagnoses in the clinical practice of radiology. While the physical attributes of an image such as image resolution, signal-to-noise characteristics, and anatomic complexity are major causes of poor conspicuity of pathologic lesions, there are major interrelated cognitive contributors to visual errors. The first is satisfaction of search (SOS), where the detection of an abnormality results in premature termination of further search. Another form of incomplete search pattern is visual isolation, where a radiologist's search pattern is truncated to the main areas of an image, while little or no attention is given to peripheral areas...
September 26, 2017: Diagnosis
Ajimsha M S, Smithesh Kooven, Noora Al-Mudahka
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines are systematically developed statements designed to help practitioners and patients to make decisions about appropriate health care. Clinical practice guideline adherence analysis is the best way to fine tune the best practices in a health care industry with international benchmarks. OBJECTIVE: To assess the physical therapist's adherence to structured stroke clinical practice guidelines in an active inpatient rehabilitation center in Qatar...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Anna Zdolska-Wawrzkiewicz, Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś, Mariola Bidzan
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the connections in pregnant women between their mother attachment style and their self-image as a mother, the image of their mother as a mother, and their bond with the unborn child. BACKGROUND: The relationship with one's mother plays a crucial role in the process of becoming a mother. It influences what a pregnant woman thinks about herself as a mother. This relationship is a predictor of the bond with the child during the pregnancy...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Fabian Speth, Claas H Hinze, Susanne Andel, Thomas Mertens, Johannes-Peter Haas
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to apply the varicella zoster virus (VZV) vaccine to patients with pediatric rheumatic diseases (PRD) at risk for severe chickenpox, without interrupting their current immunosuppression, including biological agents, using an immunological-based pre-vaccination checklist to assure safety. A pre-vaccination checklist was implemented to ensure adequate immune competence prior to immunization. METHODS: This prospective study included seronegative patients (VZV-IgG ≤200 mIU/ml) and patients who had previously received only a single dose of VZV vaccine...
March 2, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Parvaneh Heidari, Wendy Cross, Kimberley Crawford
INTRODUCTION: For individuals with a chronic condition, long-term management of their medication can be difficult and as a result non-adherence is common among this cohort. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the introduction of biologic agents was a revolutionary treatment but the high costs of this medication might limit their utilisation. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to determine whether out-of-pocket (OOP) costs affect adherence to RA medications in adults with a diagnosis of RA...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Christelle Khadra, Ariane Ballard, Johanne Déry, David Paquin, Jean-Simon Fortin, Isabelle Perreault, David R Labbe, Hunter G Hoffman, Stéphane Bouchard, Sylvie LeMay
Background: Virtual reality (VR) is a non-pharmacological method to distract from pain during painful procedures. However, it was never tested in young children with burn injuries undergoing wound care. Aim: We aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the study process and the use of VR for procedural pain management. Methods: From June 2016 to January 2017, we recruited children from 2 months to 10 years of age with burn injuries requiring a hydrotherapy session in a pediatric university teaching hospital in Montreal...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Rogier Scherder, Neeltje Kant, Evelien T Wolf, Bas Pijnenburg, Erik Ja Scherder
Background: It has been observed that patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), who have psychiatric and physical comorbidities such as depression and COPD, have an increased risk of experiencing more pain. In this study, we have distinguished between pain intensity and pain affect, as the latter, particularly, requires treatment. Furthermore, while pain and comorbidities have been assessed using questionnaires, this is possibly a less reliable method for those who are cognitively vulnerable...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Franka Cadée, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, A L M Lagro-Janssen, Raymond De Vries
AIMS: To gain consensus for Critical Success Factors associated with Twinning in Midwifery. BACKGROUND: International publications identify midwifery as important for improving maternity care worldwide. Midwifery is a team effort where midwives play a key role. Yet their power to take on this role is often lacking. Twinning has garnered potential to develop power in professionals, however it's success varies because implementation is not always optimal. Critical Success Factors have demonstrated positive results in the managerial context and can be helpful to build effective Twinning relationships...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Catherine Chung, Simon J Cooper, Robyn P Cant, Cliff Connell, Angela McKay, Leigh Kinsman, Swapnali Gazula, Jayne Boyle, Amanda Cameron, Penny Cash, Lisa Evans, Jeong-Ah Kim, Rana Masud, Denise McInnes, Lisa Norman, Erika Penz, Thomas Rotter, Erin Tanti, Tom Breakspear
BACKGROUND: There are international concerns relating to the management of patient deterioration. The "failure to rescue" literature identifies that nursing staff miss cues of deterioration and often fail to call for assistance. Simulation-based educational approaches may improve nurses' recognition and management of patient deterioration. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the educational impact of the First2Act web-based (WB) and face-to-face (F2F) simulation programs...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Yogesh Dabholkar, Haritosh Velankar, Sneha Suryanarayan, Twinkle Y Dabholkar, Akanksha A Saberwal, Bhavika Verma
The WHO has designed a safe surgery checklist to enhance communication and awareness of patient safety during surgery and to minimise complications. WHO recommends that the check-list be evaluated and customised by end users as a tool to promote safe surgery. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of WHO safety checklist on patient safety awareness in otorhinolaryngology and to customise it for the speciality. A prospective structured questionnaire based study was done in ENT operating room for duration of 1 month each for cases, before and after implementation of safe surgery checklist...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Maryam Hajizade-Valokolaee, Soghra Khani, Ensieh Fooladi, Sepideh Peivandi
Background and aim: Infertility as a global problem, affects the different aspects of women's health. Also, violence against infertile women affects their psychological wellbeing and treatment consequence. This study aimed at reviewing related factors to violence against infertile women, based on an ecological approach. Methods: In this systematic review, the researchers conducted their search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, and then in more specialized ones such as Medline via PubMed, Science Direct, Up-to-date, Springer, SID, Magiran, Iranmedex and Irandoc with the key words violence, infertility, women, risk factors, social environment, and individuality, from 1988 to 2016...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Mauro Schenone, Sarah Ziebarth, Jose Duncan, Lea Stokes, Angela Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the proportion of documented ultrasound findings that were unsupported by stored ultrasound images in the obstetric ultrasound unit, before and after the implementation of a quality improvement process consisting of a checklist and feedback. METHODS: A quality improvement process was created involving utilization of a checklist and feedback from physician to sonographer. The feedback was based on findings of the physician's review of the report and images using a check list...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
M Y Sharaf, S I Ibrahim, A E Eskander, A F Shaker
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of prosthetic rehabilitation versus surgical rehabilitation in improving the QOL for patients with maxillary defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus data base, Cochrane database, Ovid database, and Latin America & Caribbean database for articles published before September 2017 was performed by two independent reviewers. A manual search of articles published from January 2000 to September 2017 was also conducted...
January 31, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ghazale Akbarzadeh, Hojjat Daniali, Mohsen Javdzadh, Line Caes, Seyran Ranjbar, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: Parental pain catastrophizing is a construct recognized to have a significant impact on experience of pain in both children and parents. This research aimed to investigate the probable relationship of parental pain catastrophizing with the parent's reports of children's anxiety, depression and headache severity amongst Iranian parents of children with chronic or recurrent headache. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted in 2015-16, in two pediatric neurological centers located in Tehran, Iran; with a convenience sampling method and 212 parents (120 mothers and 92 fathers) of 132 children with a chronic or recurrent headache (migraine and tension-type)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Nena Kopčavar Guček, Polona Selič
This multi-centre cross-sectional study explored associations between prevalence of depression and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) at any time in patients' adult life in 471 participants of a previous IPV study. In 2016, 174 interviews were performed, using the Short Form Domestic Violence Exposure Questionnaire, the Zung Scale and questions about behavioural patterns of exposure to IPV. Family doctors reviewed patients' medical charts for period from 2012 to 2016, using the Domestic Violence Exposure Medical Chart Check List, for conditions which persisted for at least three years...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Luca Cabrini, Giovanni Landoni, Martina Baiardo Radaelli, Omar Saleh, Carmine D Votta, Evgeny Fominskiy, Alessandro Putzu, Cézar Daniel Snak de Souza, Massimo Antonelli, Rinaldo Bellomo, Paolo Pelosi, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled studies evaluating any drug, technique or device aimed at improving the success rate or safety of tracheal intubation in the critically ill. METHODS: We searched PubMed, BioMed Central, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials and references of retrieved articles. Finally, pertinent reviews were also scanned to detect further studies until May 2017. The following inclusion criteria were considered: tracheal intubation in adult critically ill patients; randomized controlled trial; study performed in Intensive Care Unit, Emergency Department or ordinary ward; and work published in the last 20 years...
January 20, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Wendy H Oddy, Karina L Allen, Georgina S A Trapp, Gina L Ambrosini, Lucinda J Black, Rae-Chi Huang, Peter Rzehak, Kevin C Runions, Feng Pan, Lawrence J Beilin, Trevor A Mori
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that dietary patterns may impact mental health outcomes, although biologically plausible pathways are yet to be tested. We aimed to elucidate the longitudinal relationship between dietary patterns, adiposity, inflammation and mental health including depressive symptoms in a population-based cohort of adolescents. METHODS: Data were provided from 843 adolescents participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at 14 and 17 years (y) of age...
January 12, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Pernille Due, Mogens T Damsgaard, Katrine R Madsen, Line Nielsen, Signe B Rayce, Bjørn E Holstein
AIMS: The aims of this study were: (a) to examine trends in daily emotional symptoms among 11- to 15-year-olds from 1991 to 2014 in Denmark, and (b) to examine trends in social inequality in daily emotional symptoms, that is, whether the differences in prevalence between adolescents with parents of varying occupational social class changed over time. METHODS: We combined seven comparable cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys ( N=31,169)...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ahmet Zihni Soyata, Selin Akışık, Damla İnhanlı, Handan Noyan, Alp Üçok
Few studies have investigated the relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and clinical variables, and cognition in individuals at ultra high-risk (UHR) for psychosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of OCS and their relationship with clinical variables and cognitive functions in individuals at UHR. Eighty-four individuals at UHR for psychosis were administered the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, the Yale-Brown Obsession Compulsion Symptom Check List and, the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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