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Luca Cabrini, Giovanni Landoni, Martina Baiardo Radaelli, Omar Saleh, Carmine D Votta, Evgeny Fominskiy, Alessandro Putzu, Cézar Daniel Snak de Souza, Massimo Antonelli, Rinaldo Bellomo, Paolo Pelosi, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled studies evaluating any drug, technique or device aimed at improving the success rate or safety of tracheal intubation in the critically ill. METHODS: We searched PubMed, BioMed Central, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials and references of retrieved articles. Finally, pertinent reviews were also scanned to detect further studies until May 2017. The following inclusion criteria were considered: tracheal intubation in adult critically ill patients; randomized controlled trial; study performed in Intensive Care Unit, Emergency Department or ordinary ward; and work published in the last 20 years...
January 20, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Wendy H Oddy, Karina L Allen, Georgina S A Trapp, Gina L Ambrosini, Lucinda J Black, Rae-Chi Huang, Peter Rzehak, Kevin C Runions, Feng Pan, Lawrence J Beilin, Trevor A Mori
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that dietary patterns may impact mental health outcomes, although biologically plausible pathways are yet to be tested. We aimed to elucidate the longitudinal relationship between dietary patterns, adiposity, inflammation and mental health including depressive symptoms in a population-based cohort of adolescents. METHODS: Data were provided from 843 adolescents participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at 14 and 17 years (y) of age...
January 12, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Pernille Due, Mogens T Damsgaard, Katrine R Madsen, Line Nielsen, Signe B Rayce, Bjørn E Holstein
AIMS: The aims of this study were: (a) to examine trends in daily emotional symptoms among 11- to 15-year-olds from 1991 to 2014 in Denmark, and (b) to examine trends in social inequality in daily emotional symptoms, that is, whether the differences in prevalence between adolescents with parents of varying occupational social class changed over time. METHODS: We combined seven comparable cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys ( N=31,169)...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ahmet Zihni Soyata, Selin Akışık, Damla İnhanlı, Handan Noyan, Alp Üçok
Few studies have investigated the relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and clinical variables, and cognition in individuals at ultra high-risk (UHR) for psychosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of OCS and their relationship with clinical variables and cognitive functions in individuals at UHR. Eighty-four individuals at UHR for psychosis were administered the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, the Yale-Brown Obsession Compulsion Symptom Check List and, the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil, Jahanzeb Effendi
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to determine the knowledge and attitude towards surgical safety among the health care professionals including surgeons, anaesthetist, hospital administrators, and operation room personnel and raise awareness towards the importance of safe surgery. METHODS: A pilot cross- sectional study of 543 healthcare providers working in the operating rooms and the surgical intensive care units was conducted in two tertiary care hospitals, within a study period of one month...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
Filip Van Droogenbroeck, Bram Spruyt, Gil Keppens
BACKGROUND: To investigate how social support relates to mental health problems for Belgian late adolescents and young adults 15-25 years of age. Additionally, we examine changes in mental health problems between 2008 and 2013 and investigate gender differences. METHODS: Multivariate analysis of variance was used to investigate (1) psychological distress, (2) anxiety and (3) depression among 713 boys and 720 girls taken from two successive waves (2008 and 2013) of a representative sample of the Belgian population (Belgian Health Interview survey)...
January 10, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Kristine Fiksdal Abel, Edle Ravndal, Thomas Clausen, Jørgen G Bramness
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Knowledge of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among patients in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is important for treatment optimization and yet limited. We investigated the prevalence of ADHD symptoms, and factors associated with high ADHD symptom burden in a group of Norwegian OMT patients. METHODS: We interviewed individuals entering OMT across Norway in 2 steps between 2012 and 2016. ADHD symptoms were measured by the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS; n = 175)...
January 10, 2018: European Addiction Research
Guang-Bo Qu, Wei Wu, Ling-Ling Wang, Xue Tang, Ye-Huan Sun, Jie Li, Jun Wang
AIM: Left behind children (LBC) now account for more than one in five Chinese children and they often suffer from behavioural problems when their parents leave their rural homes to seek work in urban areas. The primary aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the incidence rates and factor scores of behavioural problems in LBC children, who now account for more than one-fifth of Chinese children, and non LBC children. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis explored the children's characteristic behavioural problems using the Achenbach Child Behavior Check List...
December 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Ai-Ping Liang
Zanna robusticephalica sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoridae: Zanninae: Zannini), representing the third species of the planthopper genus Zanna Kirkaldy, 1902 from China, is described and illustrated from Yunnan in southwestern China. Scanning electron micrographs of the antennal sensilla, rostral apex, hind tarsal segments, gonoplac and wax glands of the new species are provided. The generic diagnostic characters of Zanna are redefined and the autapomorphies are proposed to support the monophyly of the genus...
October 24, 2017: Zootaxa
Mohadeseh Sadat Tahami, Jan Muilwijk, Roman Lohaj, Saber Sadeghi
The species belonging to the Sphodrine genus Laemostenus Bonelli, 1810 from central and southern Zagros Mts. and central zones of Iran were studied. Two new species-groups of the subgenus Antisphodrus Schaufuss, 1865 are proposed, and seven new species belonging to subgenera Antisphodrus Schaufuss, 1865 and Iranosphodrus Lohaj & Casale, 2011 are described. Morphological characters of the habitus and shape of male genitalia were used to delimit the species. New species of subgenus Antisphodrus are: L. (A.) zagrosensis sp...
November 6, 2017: Zootaxa
Vladimir V Dubatolov, Anton V Volynkin
Type species of three poorly known Arctiinae genera, Paraplastis Hampson, 1901, Migoplastis Felder, 1868 and Dondera Moore, 1877 are examined. All three taxa are transferred here from the subtribe Arctiina to the subtribe Nyctemerina of the tribe Arctiini. Paraplastis and Migoplastis (= Pachyphilonia Butler) are synonymized with the subgenus Deilemera Hübner, [1820] of the genus Nyctemera Hübner, [1820]. Dondera is synonymized with the subgenus Arctata Roepke, 1949 of the genus Nyctemera, and recognized as the older name for the subgenus...
November 29, 2017: Zootaxa
Muhammad Ather Rafi, James M Carpenter, Muhammad Qasim, Anjum Shehzad, Ahmed Zia, Muhammad Rafique Khan, Muhammad Ishaque Mastoi, Falak Naz, Muhammad Ilyas, Mazafar Shah, Abdul Rauf Bhatti
This study provides the first annotated check list of the Vespidae of Pakistan. It is based on the National Insect Museum collection and various studies in Pakistan. Among 105 identified taxa, 77 species and 28 subspecies are recorded in the four subfamilies Eumeninae, Masarinae, Polistinae and Vespinae. Three new records for the fauna of Pakistan are added, namely Anterhynchium mellyi, Antepipona ovalis and Eumenes coronatus coronatus. Among the total, 12 species/subspecies are endemic to Pakistan, namely Ancistrocerus pakistanus, Antepipona luteipes, Antodynerus flavescens karachiensis, Celonites nursei, Cyrtolabulus karachiensis, Eustenancistrocerus (Parastenancistrocerus) baluchistanensis, Katamenes dimidiatus watsoni, Knemodynerus lahorensis, Leptochilus (Neoleptochilus) hina, Leptochilus (Neoleptochilus) mirificus, Leptochilus (Neoleptochilus) umerolatus and Tachyancistrocerus pakistanus...
December 4, 2017: Zootaxa
Alex Gamma, Roman Schleifer, Ingeborg Warnke, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Wulf Rössler, Jules Angst, Michael Liebrenz
Objective: To examine, in a non-clinical sample, the association of psychopathology, personality, sociodemographic information, and psychosocial indicators of non-occupational functioning with the duration of absence from work in the past 12 months. Method: A longitudinal community cohort of 591 adults from Switzerland was analyzed using multilevel ordered logistic regression, with several alternative models as robustness checks. Psychopathology was assessed using the total score (Global Severity Index) of the Symptom Check List-90 Revised...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Raquel Godinho Hokama Dos Santos, Eloisa Helena Rubelo Valler Celeri
OBJECTIVE: To study the applicability of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ 2,4-p) as a screening tool for mental health problems in preschoolers, in the context of Primary Health Care; to evaluate the mental health problems of the sample, comparing data from SDQ (2,4-p) and from the Child Behavior Check List (CBCL 1½-5 years). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study with a convenience sample of 31-50-month-old children, whose caretakers provided informational reports...
December 7, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Kirsten Hauber, Albert Eduard Boon, Robert Vermeiren
Objective: To examine changes in personality disorders and symptomology and the relation between personality disorder variables and treatment outcomes in an adolescent sample during partial residential mentalization based treatment. Methods: In a sample of 62 (out of 115) adolescents treated for personality disorders, assessment was done pre- and post-treatment using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM personality disorders and the Symptom Check List 90. Results: Significant reductions in personality disorder traits (t = 8...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Giacomo Ciocca, Caterina Solano, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Erika Limoncin, Daniele Mollaioli, Eleonora Carosa, Alberto Collazzoni, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Emanuela Bianciardi, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
Sociocultural prejudices and pressures may impair the mental health of bisexual people. We aim to evaluate psychological status according to sexual orientation in a sample of Italian university students, with specific attention to bisexuality and its frequency. Among a recruited sample of 551 university students, we found the following percentages for sexual orientation: heterosexuals 96.9% (n = 534), homosexuals 1.1% (n = 6), bisexuals 2% (n = 11). The cross-sectional analysis for psychological symptoms, with the Symptoms Check List-90 Revised (SCL-90-R), revealed that bisexual subjects have statistically significant higher scores on some symptomatic scales compared to heterosexuals...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
Sara Barsanti, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Yann Bourgueil, Antonio Daponte, Ewelina Pinzal, Solange Ménival
Background: The main objective of the paper is to identify the governance system related to policies to reduce health inequalities in the European regions. Considering the Action Spectrum of inequalities and the check list of health equity governance, we developed a survey in the framework of the AIR Project - Addressing Inequalities Intervention in Regions - was an European project funded by the Executive Agency of Health and Consumers. Methods: A web-based qualitative questionnaire was developed that collected information about practiced strategies to reduce health inequalities...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
Linda M Herrick, Michael Camilleri, Cathy D Schleck, Alan R Zinsmeister, Yuri A Saito, Nicholas J Talley
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tricyclic antidepressants are effective in reducing symptoms of functional dyspepsia (FD). We performed a post hoc analysis of data from a previous randomized clinical trial to determine whether the benefits of an antidepressant on gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with FD were mediated by improving sleep or reducing anxiety. We explored the relationships between psychological measures, quality of sleep, and relief of symptoms. METHODS: We analyzed data from a multicenter, double-blind trial that evaluated the efficacy of antidepressants on symptoms of FD, from October 2006 through October 2012...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Cecilia Serena Pace, Simona Di Folco, Viviana Guerriero
A growing body of research suggests that, compared to normative adolescence, adoptive adolescence could be considered a specific risk condition characterized by more psychiatric problems, attachment insecurity, and emotional regulation difficulties as consequences of negative experiences in preadoption relationships. The current study explores (a) a moderation model of adoption status on the association between attachment representations (secure, dismissing, preoccupied, and disorganized) and behavioural problems and (b) a moderation model of adoption status on the association between emotion regulation processes (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and behavioural problems...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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