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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#1
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912944/effect-of-li4-and-bl32-acupressure-on-labor-pain-and-delivery-outcome-in-the-first-stage-of-labor-in-primiparous-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Giti Ozgoli, Sedigheh Sedigh Mobarakabadi, Reza Heshmat, Hamid Alavi Majd, Zohreh Sheikhan
OBJECTIVE: This study examines and compares the effect of LI4 and BL32 acupressure with each other and control group on labor pain and delivery outcomes. DESIGN: In this randomized controlled trial, 105 primiparous women in active phase of first-stage of labor were equally assigned to two experimental groups [acupressure on LI4 (n=35) or BL32 (n=35)] and a control group (n=35). INTERVENTIONS: The experimental groups received routine labor care and acupressure in LI4 or BL32 points in three cervical dilatations (4-5, 6-7, and 8-10cm)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903303/associated-factors-of-self-reported-psychopathology-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-with-hiv-aids-in-dalian-china-a-pilot-study
#3
Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Feng Wang, Sainyugu Lolokote, Yong Jia, Min Chen, Wei Tong, Xiao-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART), the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (HIVMSM) in China remains poor. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-reported psychopathology and HRQoL among HIVMSM in Dalian, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 112 HIVMSM. Symptom check list 90 (SCL 90): a measure of psychopathology and World Health Organization quality of life in HIV infection (WHOQOL-HIV-Bref): a measure of HRQoL were used...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885226/association-between-the-nutritional-status-and-the-severity-of-sarcopenia-among-community-dwelling-elderly-japanese-people
#4
Satsuki Komai, Yutaka Watanabe, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hunkyung Kim, Ayako Edahiro, Hisashi Kawai, Hideyo Yoshida, Shuichi Obuchi, Yayoi Tanaka, Hirohiko Hirano
AIM: To investigate the association between nutritional evaluation indices (body mass index, albumin, and weight loss) and sarcopenia severity among community-dwelling elderly people in Japan. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 758 community-dwelling elderly people ≥65 years of age, categorized into two groups by based on Operation of long life medical care system (medical care system for elderly in the latter stage of life), the cut-off value for age used was 75...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876899/check-list-of-parasites-and-bacteria-recorded-from-pangolins-manis-sp
#5
REVIEW
Rajesh Kumar Mohapatra, Sudarsan Panda, Manoj V Nair, Lakshmi Narayan Acharjyo
Sound knowledge on parasite fauna of pangolins is crucial for evaluation of their health status. In the present review, a checklist of 34 genera of parasites and bacteria, including 4 genera of protozoan, 13 genera of helminthes, 8 genera of ticks, 2 genera of mites and 7 genera of bacteria reported from pangolins was compiled and their zoonotic potential were discussed. The aim of this checklist is to underline the information gap and to provide a reference list of parasites and bacteria known for pangolins to assist in their further investigation...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853400/lilioceris-groehni-sp-n-the-first-authentic-species-of-criocerinae-coleoptera-chrysomelidae-from-baltic-amber
#6
Andris Bukejs, Michael Schmitt
Based on a single well-preserved specimen from Eocene Baltic amber, Lilioceris groehnisp. n. is described and illustrated using phase-contrast X-ray microtomography. It is the first described species of Criocerinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Baltic amber. A check-list of fossil Criocerinae is provided. Placement of Crioceris pristiana (Germar, 1813) is discussed, this species is removed from Criocerinae and placed in Coleoptera incertae sedis.
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845156/coping-food-craving-with-neurofeedback-evaluation-of-the-usefulness-of-alpha-theta-training-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#7
Claudio Imperatori, Enrico Maria Valenti, Giacomo Della Marca, Noemi Amoroso, Chiara Massullo, Giuseppe Alessio Carbone, Giulia Maestoso, Maria Isabella Quintiliani, Anna Contardi, Benedetto Farina
The aim of the present study was to explore the usefulness of the alpha/theta (A/T) training in reducing Food Craving (FC) in a non-clinical sample. The modifications of electroencephalographic (EEG) power spectra associated with A/T training was also investigated. Fifty subjects were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned to receive ten sessions of A/T training [neurofeedback group (NFG)=25], or to act as controls [waiting list group (WLG)=25]. All participants were administered the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait, the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829826/evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-conservative-treatment-for-menorrhagia-in-women-who-were-admitted-to-the-shahid-sadoughi-hospital-of-yazd-iran-in-2014-2015
#8
M Karimi-Zarchi, M Zaid Abadinezhad, B Bonyadpour, S Kabyrpour-Ashkezar, A M Abhaji
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most common debilitating menstrual problems. The first therapeutic strategy for abnormal uterine bleeding is drug treatment. This study was, therefore, designed to determine the efficacy of megestrol, medroxyprogesterone, GnRh agonist, Levonorgestrol IUD and endometrial ablation on bleeding and also to evaluate the side effects of each methods in patients with menorrhagia who were admitted to the Shahid Sadoughi clinic of Yazd University of Medical Sciences...
September 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825327/treatment-of-trauma-affected-refugees-with-venlafaxine-versus-sertraline-combined-with-psychotherapy-a-randomised-study
#9
Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Ask Elklit, Erik Lykke Mortensen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of trauma-related psychiatric disorders is high among refugees. Despite this, little is known about the effect of pharmacological treatment for this patient group. The objective of the present study was therefore to examine differences in the effects of venlafaxine and sertraline on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression and functional impairment in trauma-affected refugees. METHODS: The study was a randomised pragmatic trial comparing venlafaxine and sertraline in combination with psychotherapy and social counselling...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811703/an-annotated-check-list-of-lophogastrids-crustacea-lophogastrida-from-the-seas-of-the-iberian-peninsula
#10
Carlos San Vicente
The zoogeographic distribution of lophogastrid species occurring in the diverse seas of the Iberian Peninsula and neighbouring areas is analysed. For each species, data on general distribution, bathymetric ranges, habitat and localities reported on published data are provided. A total of 16 lophogastrids species belonging to 6 genera have been recorded, representing the 30% of all known world extant species and the 67% of genera. Two of them are common to the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. All known Iberian species are present in the Macaronesian region, 43...
October 26, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739132/psychometric-properties-and-normative-values-of-early-maladaptive-schema-questionnaires-set-for-children-and-adolescents-sqs
#11
Olcay Güner
: The Early Maladaptive Schema Questionnaires Set for Children and Adolescents (SQS) was developed to assess early maladaptive schemas in children between the ages of 10 and 16 in Turkey. The SQS consists of five questionnaires that represent five schema domains in Young's schema theory. Psychometric properties (n = 983) and normative values (n = 2250) of SQS were investigated in children and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 16. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734152/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-predictive-blood-assay-to-identify-patients-at-high-risk-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea
#12
Thomas Kutner, Emily Kunkel, Yue Wang, Kyle George, Erik L Zeger, Zonera A Ali, George C Prendergast, Paul B Gilman, U Margaretha Wallon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test a new blood-based assay for its ability to predict delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea. METHODS: Blood drawn from consented patients prior to receiving their first platinum-based therapy was tested for glutathione recycling capacity and normalized to total red cell numbers. This number was used to predict nausea and then compared to patient reported outcomes using the Rotterdam Symptom Check List and medical records. RESULTS: We show that the pathways involved in the glutathione recycling are stable for at least 48 h and that the test was able to correctly classify the risk of nausea for 89...
October 12, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722064/subjective-assessment-of-acute-mountain-sickness-investigating-the-relationship-between-the-lake-louise-self-report-a-visual-analogue-scale-and-psychological-well-being-scales
#13
Anika Frühauf, Martin Burtscher, Elena Pocecco, Martin Faulhaber, Martin Kopp
PURPOSE: There is an ongoing discussion how to assess acute mountain sickness (AMS) in real life conditions. Next to more-item scales with a cut off like the Lake Louise Self-Report (LLS), some authors suggested to use visual analog scales (VAS) to assess AMS. This study tried to contribute to this question using VAS items used for the Subjective Ratings of Drug Effects, including an additional single item for AMS. Furthermore, we investigated if instruments developed to assess psychological well-being might predict AMS assessed via LLS or VAS...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701297/neotropical-spittlebugs-related-to-neaenini-hemiptera-cercopidae-%C3%A2-and-the-origins-of-subfamily-cercopinae
#14
K G Andrew Hamilton
The Central American tribe Neaenini, originally comprising only the monobasic genus Neaenus Fowler, was thought to be transitional between Cercopinae and Aphrophorinae. The genus is here enlarged by 5 (1 unnamed)  additional species including 2 in a distinctive new subgenus Neaniskus. Keys are presented to 5 species of Neaenus, to 12 allied Neotropical genera and their 57 species: 12 of Tomaspisinella Lallemand, 1927 (=Hemitomaspis Lallemand, 1949, syn.nov. and 3 distinctive new subgenera Meretricula, Merinx and Merulatomus), 14 species of Microsargane Fowler, 1897 (=Ecothera Melichar, 1915, syn...
September 20, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698605/the-quantitative-study-of-the-faculty-members-performance-in-documentation-of-the-medical-records-in-teaching-hospitals-of-mazandaran-university-of-medical-sciences
#15
Zolaykha Asghari, Alireza Mardanshahi, Ebrahim Bagherian Farahabadi, Hasan Siamian, Ali Morad Heidari Gorji, Benyamin Mohseni Saravi, Esmaeil Rezazadeh, Seyyed Payam Paymard
INTRODUCTION: Documentation of patients' medical records has been always emphasized because medical records are as a means to be applied by patients, all medical staff, quality evaluations of health care, lawsuits, medical education and, etc. Regarding to this, each of the data elements available in the sheets of medical records has their own values. The rate of completion indicates the importance of the medical recorders for faculty member. So in this article the researcher evaluates the completion of medical records in the teaching hospitals of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697326/behavioral-problems-and-childhood-epilepsy-parent-vs-child-perspectives
#16
Soyong Eom, Rochelle Caplan, Anne T Berg
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the reported association between pediatric epilepsy and behavioral problems may be distorted by the use of parental proxy report instruments. STUDY DESIGN: Children in the Connecticut Study of Epilepsy were assessed 8-9 years after their epilepsy diagnosis (time-1) with the parent-proxy Child Behavior Check List (CBCL) (ages 6-18 years) or the Young Adult Self-Report (≥18 years of age). For children <18 years of age, parents also completed the Child Health Questionnaire, which contains scales for impact of child's illness on the parents...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692349/-validation-of-a-french-translation-of-krueger-s-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-in-its-brief-form-pid-5-bf
#17
S Combaluzier, B Gouvernet, F Menant, A Rezrazi
OBJECTIVE: Since the publication of the DSM-5 (APA, 2013), the dimensional conception of the personality disorders is co-existing with the classical categorical paradigm. Tools have been proposed for the evaluations of five big pathological factors to be explored further according to the APA (negative affectivity, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, psychoticism). Despite numerous works using these questionnaires (30 works in 3 years according to Al-Adjani et al., 2015), none of them have yet been translated into French...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659175/eating-disorder-severity-and-functional-impairment-moderating-effects-of-illness-duration-in-a-clinical-sample
#18
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, William T Hoyt, Stig Poulsen, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
PURPOSE: The aim was to examine duration of illness and body mass index as possible moderators of the relationship between eating disorder severity and functional impairment, as well as psychological distress as a possible mediator of this relationship. METHODS: The study included 159 patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder or eating disorder not otherwise specified. Regression analysis was applied to assess the effect of the hypothesized moderators and mediators...
September 22, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648023/compliance-and-effectiveness-of-who-surgical-safety-check-list-a-jpmc-audit
#19
Mariyah Anwer, Shahneela Manzoor, Nadeem Muneer, Shamim Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To assess World Health Organization (WHO) Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC), compliance and its effectiveness in reducing complications and final outcome of patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study done in Department of General Surgery (Ward 02), Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi. The study included Total 3638 patients who underwent surgical procedure in elective theatre in four years from November 2011 to October 2015 since the SSC was included as part of history sheets in ward...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631856/detecting-information-processing-bias-toward-psychopathology-interpreting-likert-scales-at-intake-assessment
#20
Christoph Flückiger, Hansjörg Znoj, Andreea Vîslă
Since the programmatic Rosenhan study, there is a broad discussion of how to actively construct clinical realities on both "insane" and "sane" perspectives. To inform patients about the output of the psychometric questionnaires assessed at intake is a required task in many clinical routines. Information processing bias toward psychopathology may impact many clinical communications and thus lead to clinical errors. Based on an output of the commonly used Symptom Check List 90, case examples demonstrate various grades of balanced and unbalanced alternatives of how to consider the psychopathological as well as the unproblematic poles of Likert scales in discussing psychometric questionnaires at Session 1...
September 2016: Psychotherapy
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