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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917064/a-novel-method-for-improving-chest-tube-insertion-skills-among-medical-interns-using-biomaterial-covered-mannequin
#1
Ozgur Tatli, Suha Turkmen, Melih Imamoglu, Yunus Karaca, Mustafa Cicek, Metin Yadigaroglu, Selen T Bayrak, Olgun Asik, Murat Topbas, Suleyman Turedi
To develop a low-cost biomaterial-covered chest tube simulation model and assess its possible usefulness for developing the chest tube insertion skills among medical interns. Methods: This mannequin-based interventional study was performed in a University hospital setting. We included 63 physicians performing emergency medicine internship at the Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey, between January 2015 and March 2015. A dummy was prepared for training simulation using a display mannequin...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906549/developing-a-protocol-to-identify-and-prioritise-research-questions-for-psoriasis-a-james-lind-alliance-priority-setting-partnership
#2
R Majeed-Ariss, M McPhee, C Bundy, C E M Griffiths, H Young
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis affects over two million people in the UK. It confers a significant psychological and social impact on individuals and an associated high economic cost to the National Health Service. There are many unanswered questions about psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: 1. To develop a protocol in order to work with patients, families, carers and healthcare professionals to identify psoriasis uncertainties. 2. To agree by consensus a top ten list of psoriasis uncertainties...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905708/williamwhitmania-taraxaci-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-proteolytic-anaerobe-with-a-novel-type-of-cytology-from-lake-untersee-in-antarctica-description-of-williamwhitmaniaceae-fam-nov-and-emendation-of-the-order-bacteroidales-krieg-2012
#3
Elena V Pikuta, Zhe Lyu, Richard B Hoover, Yuchen Liu, Nisha B Patel, Hans J Busse, Paul A Lawson
The proteolytic bacterium strain A7P-90mT was isolated from Lake Untersee, Antarctica. The anoxic water was collected from a perennially sealed (~100 millennia) glacial ice lake. Gram-stain-negative cells were 0.18-0.3×8.0-25.0 µm in size, straight, slender rods with unusual gliding motility by external, not previously reported, organelles named here as antiae. At the end of stationary phase of growth, spheroplasts were terminally formed and the cells resembled dandelions. After death, cells were helical...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901694/the-role-of-cognitive-biases-in-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#4
Ueli Kramer, Diana Ortega, Gilles Ambresin, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Yves de Roten
The concept of biased thinking - or cognitive biases - is relevant to psychotherapy research and clinical conceptualization, beyond cognitive theories. The present naturalistic study aimed to examine the changes in biased thinking over the course of a short-term dynamic psychotherapy (STDP) and to discover potential links between these changes and symptomatic improvement. This study focuses on 32 self-referred patients consulting for Adjustment Disorder according to DSM-IV-TR. The therapists were experienced psychodynamically oriented psychiatrists and psychotherapists...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901007/pharmacological-and-mechanical-interventions-for-labour-induction-in-outpatient-settings
#5
REVIEW
Joshua P Vogel, Alfred O Osoti, Anthony J Kelly, Stefania Livio, Jane E Norman, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Induction of labour is carried out for a variety of indications and using a range of methods. For women at low risk of pregnancy complications, some methods of induction of labour or cervical ripening may be suitable for use in outpatient settings. OBJECTIVES: To examine pharmacological and mechanical interventions to induce labour or ripen the cervix in outpatient settings in terms of effectiveness, maternal satisfaction, healthcare costs and, where information is available, safety...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898390/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-older-adults-admitted-to-hospital
#6
REVIEW
Graham Ellis, Mike Gardner, Apostolos Tsiachristas, Peter Langhorne, Orlaith Burke, Rowan H Harwood, Simon P Conroy, Tilo Kircher, Dominique Somme, Ingvild Saltvedt, Heidi Wald, Desmond O'Neill, David Robinson, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multi-dimensional, multi-disciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic process conducted to determine the medical, mental, and functional problems of older people with frailty so that a co-ordinated and integrated plan for treatment and follow-up can be developed. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: We sought to critically appraise and summarise current evidence on the effectiveness and resource use of CGA for older adults admitted to hospital, and to use these data to estimate its cost-effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891275/cigarette-smoking-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-and-mortality-from-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-updated-systematic-review-of-81-epidemiological-studies
#7
Omar Abdel-Rahman, Daniel Helbling, Othmar Schöb, Mostafa Eltobgy, Hadeer Mohamed, Jan Schmidt, Anwar Giryes, Arianeb Mehrabi, Satheesh Iype, Hannah John, Aysun Tekbas, Ahmad Zidan, Hani Oweira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and its incidence has increased during the past decade. While hepatitis B and C virus infections and alcohol were established risk factors, the impact of smoking on the incidence and mortality of HCC was needed to be confirmed. METHODS: We reviewed cohort and case-control studies evaluating the association between cigarette smoking and incidence and mortality of HCC from MEDLINE and Google Scholar...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886607/impact-of-clinical-registries-on-quality-of-patient-care-and-clinical-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#8
Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Varuni Kumari, Masuma Hoque, Rasa Ruseckaite, Lorena Romero, Sue M Evans
BACKGROUND: Clinical quality registries (CQRs) are playing an increasingly important role in improving health outcomes and reducing health care costs. CQRs are established with the purpose of monitoring quality of care, providing feedback, benchmarking performance, describing pattern of treatment, reducing variation and as a tool for conducting research. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise the impact of clinical quality registries (CQRs) as an 'intervention' on (I) mortality/survival; (II) measures of outcome that reflect a process or outcome of health care; (III) health care utilisation; and (IV) healthcare-related costs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885684/personality-traits-of-nurses-and-organizational-climate-in-relation-to-the-use-of-coercion-in-psychiatric-wards
#9
Tomasz Pawlowski, Piotr Baranowski
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the personality traits of nurses and the organizational climate in psychiatric wards affecting the frequency of the use of coercion. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study applied a descriptive, longitudinal design based on a 1-year prospective observation. FINDINGS: The best predictor for the initiation of coercion by nursing personnel was a low score on the Creative Personality Factor Scale in Adjective Check List and the low score in the area of Leadership in Kolb's Organizing Climate Questionnaire (KOQC)...
September 8, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884785/certolizumab-pegol-cdp870-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-adults
#10
REVIEW
Vicente Ruiz Garcia, Amanda Burls, Juan B Cabello, Paloma Vela Casasempere, Sylvia Bort-Marti, José A Bernal
BACKGROUND: Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors are beneficial for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for reducing the risk of joint damage, improving physical function and improving the quality of life. This review is an update of the 2014 Cochrane Review of the treatment of RA with certolizumab pegol. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical benefits and harms of certolizumab pegol (CZP) in people with RA who have not responded well to conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881006/simple-aspiration-versus-intercostal-tube-drainage-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-adults
#11
REVIEW
Kristin V Carson-Chahhoud, Abel Wakai, Joseph Em van Agteren, Brian J Smith, Grainne McCabe, Malcolm P Brinn, Ronan O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: For management of pneumothorax that occurs without underlying lung disease, also referred to as primary spontaneous pneumothorax, simple aspiration is technically easier to perform than intercostal tube drainage. In this systematic review, we seek to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of simple aspiration versus intercostal tube drainage for management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax. This review was first published in 2007 and was updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of simple aspiration versus intercostal tube drainage for management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax...
September 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880995/vitamin-a-supplements-for-reducing-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission
#12
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Valantine N Ndze, Eugene J Kongnyuy, Muki S Shey
BACKGROUND: Strategies to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) include lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-positive women, exclusive breastfeeding from birth for six weeks plus nevirapine or replacement feeding plus nevirapine from birth for four to six weeks, elective Caesarean section delivery, and avoiding giving children chewed food. In some settings, these interventions may not be practical, feasible, or affordable. Simple, inexpensive, and effective interventions (that could potentially be implemented even in the absence of prenatal HIV testing programmes) would be valuable...
September 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880568/macro-and-micronutrients-of-human-milk-composition-are-they-related-to-maternal-diet-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#13
Mojtaba Keikha, Maryam Bahreynian, Mohammad Saleki, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This study aims at systematically reviewing the observational and interventional studies on the association of maternal macro- and micronutrient intake with breast milk content. METHODS: We systematically searched the Medline via PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Knowledge till October 2016 with the following search strategy: ("human milk" OR "breast milk" OR "breast milk composition" OR "human breast milk composition" OR "composition breast milk" OR "mother milk" OR "human breast milk") AND ("maternal diet" OR "maternal nutrition")...
September 7, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878931/comorbid-depression-and-risk-of-lower-extremity-amputation-in-people-with-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Sinéad M O'Neill, Zubair Kabir, Grace McNamara, Claire Mary Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of lower extremity amputation (LEA) in people with diabetes with and without comorbid depression. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic review of the published literature was conducted. Six databases were searched including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, the Cochrane Library and PsycARTICLES from inception to 22 June 2016, using a detailed search strategy and cross-checking of reference lists for potentially eligible studies published in English...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872037/executive-dysfunctions-as-a-good-predictor-of-misuse-of-respiratory-inhalers-among-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-survey
#15
Lucie Voulhoux, Gérald Cremer, Anne Spinewine, Marie de Saint-Hubert, Fabienne Amant, Carine Sohy, Didier Schoevaerdts
The objectives of the study are to determine the prevalence and potential risk factors of misuse of respiratory inhalers among hospitalized patients admitted at the CHU UcL Namur, site Godinne. Using a cross-sectional design, patients using respiratory inhalers since more than 7 days were recruited from a database established by the hospital pharmacy. Inhaler technique was assessed using a standardised check-list and graded misuse as major or minor errors using previously published criteria. Demographic and clinical data were prospectively collected using standardised tools...
September 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871317/-drug-therapy-safety-at-the-transition-from-hospital-to-community-medicine
#16
M Hahn, S C Roll, J Klein
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the qualitative and quantitative changes of medications during the stay on a geriatric-psychiatric ward where the medication was optimized by a clinical pharmacist, and after discharge. The goal of the study was to analyze the continuity of the medication at the transfer from hospital to ambulatory care. METHODS: We interviewed 41 patients on the phone about their drug regimen 4 and 12 weeks after discharge. Medications were compared to their discharge medication...
September 4, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869276/amniocentesis-and-chorionic-villus-sampling-for-prenatal-diagnosis
#17
REVIEW
Zarko Alfirevic, Kate Navaratnam, Faris Mujezinovic
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, fetal cells suitable for genetic testing can be obtained from amniotic fluid by amniocentesis (AC), placental tissue by chorionic villus sampling (CVS), or fetal blood. A major disadvantage of second trimester amniocentesis is that the results are available relatively late in pregnancy (after 16 weeks' gestation). Earlier alternatives are chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and early amniocentesis, which can be performed in the first trimester of pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to compare the safety and accuracy of all types of AC (i...
September 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865480/the-psychological-problems-and-related-influential-factors-of-left-behind-adolescents-lba-in-hunan-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ye Man, Lv Mengmeng, Li Lezhi, Mao Ting, Zhang Jingping
BACKGROUND: Due to lack of companionship of parents, compared with non left behind children, left behind children (LBC) suffer from more psychological problems compared with children live with their parents. The aim of this study was to explore the mental health status and the relationship among psychological problems and the related factors of LBC. METHOD: Adopting delaminating-random-group sampling and using region, county, village (town) as sampling framework, we utilized Demographic Data Recording Form, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List, Scale of APGAR, Perceived Social Support Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Self-Esteem Scale and Scale of Mental Health for Chinese Middle-school Student to assess 1309 left behind child in junior middle school students' mental health in Hunan...
September 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860853/disability-from-posttraumatic-headache-is-compounded-by-coexisting-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Louise S Roper, Peter Nightingale, Zhangjie Su, James L Mitchell, Antonio Belli, Alexandra J Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic headache (PTH) occurs in up to 82% of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs in 39% of those with PTH. This study evaluates whether PTSD affects PTH disability. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with TBI were prospectively evaluated in a secondary care trauma center. Headache disability was assessed using the Headache Impact Test version 6 and signs indicative of PTSD using the PTSD Check List Civilian version...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857017/methodological-quality-of-economic-evaluations-alongside-trials-of-knee-physiotherapy
#20
Lidia García-Pérez, Renata Linertová, Alejandro Arvelo-Martín, Carolina Guerra-Marrero, Carlos Enrique Martínez-Alberto, Leticia Cuéllar-Pompa, Antonio Escobar, Pedro Serrano-Aguilar
OBJECTIVES: The methodological quality of an economic evaluation performed alongside a clinical trial can be underestimated if the paper does not report key methodological features. This study discusses methodological assessment issues on the example of a systematic review on cost-effectiveness of physiotherapy for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Six economic evaluation studies included in the systematic review and related clinical trials were assessed using the 10-question check-list by Drummond and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
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