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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738072/monitoring-protected-areas-from-space-a-multi-temporal%C3%A2-assessment-using-raptors-as-biodiversity-surrogates
#1
Adrián Regos, Luis Tapia, Alberto Gil-Carrera, Jesús Domínguez
Monitoring protected areas (PAs) is essential for systematic evaluation of their effectiveness in terms of habitat protection, preservation and representativeness. This study illustrates how the use of species distribution models that combine remote sensing data and information about biodiversity surrogates can contribute to develop a systematic protocol for monitoring PAs. In particular, we assessed the effectiveness of the Natura 2000 (N2000) network, for conserving and preserving the representativeness of seven raptor species in a highly-dynamic landscape in northwest Spain between 2001 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736580/supportive-and-non-supportive-interactions-in-families-with-a-type-2-diabetes-patient-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Birgitte B Bennich, Michael E Røder, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingrid Egerod, Lene Munch, Filip K Knop, Tina Vilsbøll, Hanne Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes and its management affect the patient and the close family potentially causing either psychological distress or increased sense of responsibility and collaboration in these families. Interactions between patient and family play an important role in maintaining lifestyle changes and diabetes self-management. The purpose of this integrative review was to summarise and assess published studies on the intra-family perspective of supportive and non-supportive interactions in families with a type 2 diabetes patient...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736351/intraoperative-ultrasound-in-patients-undergoing-transsphoidal-surgery-for-pituitary-adenoma-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Hani J Marcus, Tom Vercauteren, Sebastien Ourselin, Neil L Dorward
BACKGROUND: Transsphenoidal surgery is the gold standard for pituitary adenoma resection. However, despite advances in microsurgical and endoscopic techniques, some pituitary adenomas can be challenging to cure. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether, in patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma, intraoperative ultrasound is a safe and effective technological adjunct. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched between January 1996 and January 2016 to identify relevant publications that (1) featured patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma, (2) used intraoperative ultrasound, and (3) reported on safety or effectiveness...
July 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734773/epico-4-0-total-quality-in-the-management-of-invasive-candidiasis-in-critically-ill-patients-by-analysing-the-integrated-process
#4
Rafael Zaragoza, Ricard Ferrer, Pedro Llinares, Emilio Maseda, Alejandro Rodríguez, Santiago Grau, Guillermo Quindós
BACKGROUND: A high quality integrated process in the clinical setting of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk for invasive candidiasis is a necessary tool to improve the management of these patients. AIMS: To identify the key points on invasive candidiasis in order to develop a set of recommendations with a high level of consensus required for the creation of a total quality integrated process for the management of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk of invasive candidiasis...
July 19, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734736/analysis-of-medication-adherence-related-notes-from-a-service-oriented-community-pharmacy
#5
Matthew Witry, Rachel Parry, Randal McDonough, Michael Deninger
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence is a significant public health problem. Community pharmacists are positioned to intervene, however, the process is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To classify and quantify the reasons for nonadherence documented by community pharmacists. METHODS: A retrospective content analysis of pharmacist notes related to nonadherence at a service oriented community pharmacy in the Midwest United States. Notes from the site's dispensing custom documentation software were obtained from September 1, 2014 through February 28, 2015 that were labeled "compliance", either prompted by proportion of days covered calculations or entered as a drug therapy problem...
July 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732511/primary-liver-transplantation-and-liver-retransplantation-comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-status-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Johannes Broschewitz, Georg Wiltberger, Nicco Krezdorn, Felix Krenzien, Julia Förster, Georgi Atanasov, Hans-Michael Hau, Moritz Schmelzle, Andreas Hinz, Michael Bartels, Christian Benzing
BACKGROUND: Liver Retransplantation (Re-LT) procedures are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Up to date, there is no knowledge on the health-related quality of life and the mental status of these patients. METHODS: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) was assessed by using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey and Mental Status was assessed by using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The patients were examined in different assessments: During regular check-up examinations in the LT outpatient department in 2011 (Survey 1) and in a postal survey in 2013 (Survey 2)...
July 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727784/an-ns5a-single-optimized-method-to-determine-genotype-subtype-and-resistance-profiles-of-hepatitis-c-strains
#7
Elisabeth Andre-Garnier, Bernard Besse, Audrey Rodallec, Olivier Ribeyrol, Virginie Ferre, Caroline Luco, Laura Le Guen, Nathalie Bourgeois, Jérôme Gournay, Eric Billaud, François Raffi, Marianne Coste-Burel, Berthe-Marie Imbert-Marcille
The objective was to develop a method of HCV genome sequencing that allowed simultaneous genotyping and NS5A inhibitor resistance profiling. In order to validate the use of a unique RT-PCR for genotypes 1-5, 142 plasma samples from patients infected with HCV were analysed. The NS4B-NS5A partial region was successfully amplified and sequenced in all samples. In parallel, partial NS3 sequences were analyzed obtained for genotyping. Phylogenetic analysis showed concordance of genotypes and subtypes with a bootstrap >95% for each type cluster...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725147/shortage-of-psychotropic-medications-in-community-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-solutions
#8
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Wael Mansy, Mohammad Barasin, Yazeed Mohammad Ghawaa, Mohammed AlSultan, Mohammad A Alsenaidy, Solaiman Alhawas, Sultan AlGhadeer
Background: Patients with mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, who seek medical care in private psychiatric clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, have recently expressed concerns to doctors about difficulty in filling psychotropic medications, such as Amitriptyline and Aripiprazole, at retail community pharmacies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a shortage of some commonly prescribed psychotropic medications in retail community pharmacies in Saudi Arabia, and if so, to explore the possible reasons behind the shortage of these medications...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722078/true-prevalence-of-copd-and-its-association-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-the-internal-medicine-ward-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#9
Jonathan Tschopp, Philippe Dumont, Daniel Hayoz
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of confirmed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients aged 45 years or more who were admitted to the internal medicine ward of our tertiary care hospital (HFR Fribourg, Switzerland), and were either "tagged" as having COPD or at risk for COPD. The secondary objective was to determine the prevalence of the association of COPD with peripheral artery disease (PAD) in this population. METHODOLOGY: We evaluated all consecutive patients aged 45 years, admitted to our internal medicine ward between November 2013 and March 2014...
July 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718969/child-and-family-related-predictors-of-psychological-outcomes-in-children-adopted-from-abroad-what-is-the-role-of-caregiver-time
#10
Niina Rita, Marko Elovainio, Hanna Raaska, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Jaakko Matomäki, Jari Sinkkonen, Helena Lapinleimu
International adoptees need to cope with stressful transitions and to develop secure attachment with their caregivers at the same time. Although most children adopted from abroad adjust fine, they are at increased risk of psychological problems. We investigated whether both child and family-related factors are associated with later psychological problems and whether the length of time spent at home after adoption before daycare moderates these associations among internationally adopted children in Finland (FinAdo, Finnish Adoption Study)...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713707/epidemiology-of-acid-burns-in-a-major-referral-hospital-in-tehran-iran
#11
Reza Vaghardoost, Jafar Kazemzadeh, Mostafa Dahmardehei, Soheila Rabiepoor, Ramyar Farzan, Ali Asghar Kheiri, Rahman Khosravy, Farzad Manafi
BACKGROUND: Most of the acid- burns are due to assault or accidental. The epidemiology of burns is diverse across the world and within a country. We evaluated the epidemiology and outcome of acid-burns in tertiary health care center in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This study was retrospective descriptive among patients referred for acid-burn injury that was done in a referral Burn Care Center in Tehran, Iran, during a ten-year period since 2005 to 2014. Patient's data collected by a specially designed check list...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713089/-peculiarities-of-clinical-psychopathological-phenomenology-of-chronic-neuropathies
#12
Olexandr O Belov, Tetiana P Rysynets, Elena F Shkondina, Iryna S Pototska
INTRODUCTION: The study of psycho-emotional reactions associated with chronic neuropathies, is an important factor of the integrated solution to the problem of treatment and prevention of disorders of the peripheral nervous system. The aim of the research is to study clinical psychopathological phenomenology and personality characteristics of patients suffering from chronic neuropathies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 115 patients with chronic neuropathies in comparison with 60 healthy persons using a clinical conversation method, shortened multivariable personality questionnaire, The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, Spilberger's scale of trait and state anxiety and Symptom Check List-90-Revised questionnaire...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709741/do-hand-outcome-measures-reflect-cultural-influences
#13
Çiğdem Öksüz, Burcu Semin Akel, Orkun Tahir Aran, İlkem Ceren Sığırtmaç, A Gürsel Leblebicioğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the activities listed in DASH, MHQ, QuickDASH with the activities listed in Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) in a Turkish patient population with hand injury. METHODS: COPM questionnaire was administered to 163 participants (61 male and 102 female; mean age 40.72 ± 13.70 years). The activities that were stated in COPM were categorized and checked whether they were present in DASH-T, MHQ, QuickDASH...
July 11, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707751/oral-antifungal-medication-for-toenail-onychomycosis
#14
REVIEW
Sanne Kreijkamp-Kaspers, Kate Hawke, Linda Guo, George Kerin, Sally Em Bell-Syer, Parker Magin, Sophie V Bell-Syer, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Fungal infection of the toenails, also called onychomycosis, is a common problem that causes damage to the nail's structure and physical appearance. For those severely affected, it can interfere with normal daily activities. Treatment is taken orally or applied topically; however, traditionally topical treatments have low success rates due to the nail's physical properties. Oral treatments also appear to have shorter treatment times and better cure rates. Our review will assist those needing to make an evidence-based choice for treatment...
July 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705107/the-systematic-coronary-risk-evaluation-score-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-does-evidence-exist-for-its-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#15
Tomasz Tomasik, Janusz Krzysztoń, Katarzyna Dubas-Jakóbczyk, Violetta Kijowska, Adam Windak
OBJECTIVES: The SCORE model predicts the ten-year risk of cardiovascular mortality but it is still unknown whether applying the SCORE in clinical practice subsequently improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of total cardiovascular risk estimation using the SCORE in preventing serious cardiovascular events in European adults without prior CVD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data sources: eight bibliographical databases (2003 - August 2015), other internet sources and reference lists of articles were checked...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703869/early-supported-discharge-services-for-people-with-acute-stroke
#16
REVIEW
Peter Langhorne, Satu Baylan
BACKGROUND: People with stroke conventionally receive a substantial part of their rehabilitation in hospital. Services have now been developed that offer people in hospital an early discharge with rehabilitation at home (early supported discharge: ESD). OBJECTIVES: To establish if, in comparison with conventional care, services that offer people in hospital with stroke a policy of early discharge with rehabilitation provided in the community (ESD) can: 1) accelerate return home, 2) provide equivalent or better patient and carer outcomes, 3) be acceptable satisfactory to patients and carers, and 4) have justifiable resource implications use...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701028/psychological-interventions-for-acute-pain-after-open-heart-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Susanne Ziehm, Jenny Rosendahl, Jürgen Barth, Bernhard M Strauss, Anja Mehnert, Susan Koranyi
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review previously published in 2014. Acute postoperative pain is one of the most disturbing complaints in open heart surgery, and is associated with a risk of negative consequences. Several trials investigated the effects of psychological interventions to reduce acute postoperative pain and improve the course of physical and psychological recovery of participants undergoing open heart surgery. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of psychological interventions as an adjunct to standard care versus standard care alone or standard care plus attention control in adults undergoing open heart surgery for pain, pain medication, psychological distress, mobility, and time to extubation...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681500/continuous-support-for-women-during-childbirth
#18
REVIEW
Meghan A Bohren, G Justus Hofmeyr, Carol Sakala, Rieko K Fukuzawa, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Historically, women have generally been attended and supported by other women during labour. However, in hospitals worldwide, continuous support during labour has often become the exception rather than the routine. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effects, on women and their babies, of continuous, one-to-one intrapartum support compared with usual care, in any setting. Secondary objectives were to determine whether the effects of continuous support are influenced by:1...
July 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678967/reports-of-uncontrolled-clinical-trials-for-directly-placed-restorations-in-vital-teeth
#19
Steffen Mickenautsch, Veerasamy Yengopal
Uncontrolled trials are criticized as unreliable. This study aimed to establish how the number of published reports from uncontrolled clinical trials compares to that of controlled trials for directly placed restorations in vital teeth and whether their annual number is increasing, stable or decreasing. PubMed was searched and suitable citations of uncontrolled and controlled trial reports published between 1990-2016 were included. Reference check and hand searching were conducted. The median annual report number with 25 and 75% percentile was calculated for both types of trials...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677832/medical-identification-or-alert-jewellery-an-opportunity-to-save-lives-or-an-unreliable-hindrance
#20
REVIEW
S Rahman, D Walker, P Sultan
Medical identification jewellery can convey vital information to emergency responders, but mistakes and ambiguity may lead to misdiagnosis and morbidity. We performed a review of relevant articles retrieved from Pubmed(®) , Embase(®) and Scopus(®) and Google UK Inc. to investigate the commercial availability and issuance of these products. From 84 identified studies, we shortlisted 74 for review. The Google search retrieved 1,090,000 results within 0.57 s (January 2017). We explored 32 websites selling medical alert jewellery in the first five pages of these results...
July 5, 2017: Anaesthesia
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