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Katsuya Kato, Kenichi Gemba, Kazuto Ashizawa, Hiroaki Arakawa, Satoshi Honda, Naomi Noguchi, Sumihisa Honda, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Takumi Kishimoto
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to reveal the prevalence of lung cancer (LC) and malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in subjects with past asbestos exposure (AE). We also examined pulmonary or pleural changes correlated with the development of LC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study. There were 2132 subjects enrolled between 2010 and 2012. They included 96.2% men and 3.8% women, with a mean age of 76.1 years; 78.8% former or current smokers; and 21...
April 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Hongyan Li, Heng Weng, Changqing Lan, Hongying Zhang, Xinhang Wang, Jianguang Pan, Lulu Chen, Jinbao Huang
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical features of patients with avian influenza A (H7N9) and influenza A (H1N1) complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).The clinical data of 18 cases of H7N9 and 26 cases of H1N1 with ARDS were collected and compared in the respiratory intensive care unit (RICU) of Fuzhou Pulmonary Hospital of Fujian from March 2014 to December 2016.Patients with H7N9 had a higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation-II score (P < .05) and lung injury score (P < ...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
J T Lin, Y M Zhang, X Zhou, C Z Wang, M Huang, C T Liu, C G Wu, H Y Wan, W C Yu, Y R Dai
Important/potential value of macrolides has been proved in the management of chronic respiratory diseases by increasing basic and clinical trials.Through three face-to-face discussions, 10 experts examined important data and drafted this consensus related to macrolides: (1) mechanism of non-antiinfective effects; (2) clinical use in chronic respiratory diseases; (3) cautions of long-term use.The mechanism out of non-antiinfective effects includes anti-inflammatory effect, modifying airway secretion, immune-regulation related to antibacterial effect, corticoid saving effect and anti-viral effect...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Stéphane Vignes, Robert Baran
Yellow nail syndrome (YNS; OMIM 153300, ORPHA662) is a very rare disorder that almost always occurs after 50 years of age but a juvenile or familial form has also been observed. YNS is diagnosed based on a triad associating yellow nail discoloration, pulmonary manifestations (chronic cough, bronchiectasia, pleural effusion) and lower limb lymphedema. Chronic sinusitis is frequently associated with the triad. YNS etiology remains unknown but a role of lymphatic impairment is usually evoked. YNS is more frequently isolated but may be associated in rare cases with autoimmune diseases, other clinical manifestations implicating lymphatic functions or cancer and, hence, is also considered a paraneoplastic syndrome...
February 27, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Ebru Atike Ongun, Reha Artan, Aysen Bingol, Oguz Dursun
Crohn's disease (CD), known as the disease of gastrointestinal system, is a granulamatous systemic disorder with extraintestinal manifestations including the respiratory system. The resemblance in the embriological origins and the immunities of both organ systems' mucosae, also the circulating immune complexes and the autoantibodies are accepted as contributing factors. The shift of inflammation may become prominent when the colon is removed after colectomy and independent of the bowel disease activity; pulmonary involvement may be exarbecated...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Cengiz Ozdemir, Sinem Nedime Sökücü, Levent Karasulu, Sedat Altın, Levent Dalar
Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome (MKS) is a rare congenital disease that presents with abnormal enlargement in the central airways. In MKS, tracheomegaly is accompanied by difficulty in expelling recurrent lung infections and bronchiectasia. We presented a patient with MKS where commercially made stents were inadequate for stabilization and a custom-made, self-expandable metallic stent with a diameter of 28 mm and length of 100 mm was used. Chest pain that was thought to develop due to the stent and that disappeared after stent removal may be considered the main complication leading to stent removal...
2014: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Minna Purokivi, Heikki Koskela, Riitta Kaarteenaho
Typical symptoms of bronchiectasis include cough, sliminess of the airways and recurrent respiratory infections which lead to lung injury and impaired quality of life when untreated. High-resolution computer tomography is the most important examination to detect bronchiectasias. Cornerstones of the treatment are elucidation of the etiology of the disease, taking care of vaccinations, management of physical fitness, treating sliminess, and careful treatment of periods of exacerbation with antibiotics according to bacterial growth and susceptibility testing determined from sputum...
2014: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
S Kelekçi, V Sen, I Yolbas, Ü Uluca, I Tan, M F Gürkan
BACKGROUND: Prolonged cough in children is one of the major complaints seen in hospitals. It is difficult to make a proper diagnosis and start the appropriate treatment. Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurement is a valuable non-invasive diagnostic tool in determining the cause of prolonged cough in children. Although there are several studies on asthma and COPD, there is a lack of them on other lung diseases such as tuberculosis, bronchiectasia, bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), and pneumonia...
November 2013: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Mehdi Alehossein, Masoud Pourgholami, Kamyar Kamrani, Mohammad Soltani, Afshin Yazdi, Payman Salamati
Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare congenital and acquired disorder characterized by loose and redundant skin with reduced elasticity. Three types of congenital cutis laxa have been recognized. Other findings are pulmonary emphysema, bronchiectasia, hernia and diverticulosis. We describe a female neonate involved by cutis laxa syndrome and a positive family history. We focus on the radiologic findings of this case such as multiple bladder diverticulosis, GI diverticulosis and very rare accompanying hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS)...
June 2013: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Solangel Valdés Díaz, Eberto García Silvera, Carmen Rosas Valladares, Isis G Cayon Escobar, Aleida Valladares Baena, Tatiana T Crespo Díaz
INTRODUCTION: the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in sputum smears-negative patients is a challenge for today's medical practice, mostly supported on clinical and radiographic elements. In Hospital Neumológico Benéfico Jurídico of Havana, there is an expert commission for the sputum smear-negative diagnosis of tuberculosis called CODIBAARNE. OBJECTIVE: to identify the radiological patterns and the final diagnosis of patients submitted to this committee from October 2002 to December 2003...
May 2011: Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical
Yong Hwan Ahn, Mi Jin Song, Sang Hyun Park
Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a specific tumor marker of the biliary, pancreatic and gastrointestinal tracts. CA19-9 is occasionally elevated in serum in patiens with benign pulmonary diseases such as bronchiectasis, idiopathic interstitial pneumonia or collagen disease-associated pulmonary fibrosis. Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is an uncommon congenital lung anomaly. It is dissociated from the normal tracheobronchial tree and is supplied by an anomalous systemic artery. There have been some reports of elevation of CA19-9 in this lesion...
June 2012: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Shunsuke Kobayashi, Toshimitsu Momose, Masaki Sakurai, Ichiro Kanazawa
A 70-year-old woman developed marked akinesia after an anoxic event related to bronchiectasia. Magnetic resonance imaging studies revealed lesions in the bilateral globus pallidus and, to a lesser extent, in the putamen. Positron emission tomography studies with (18)F-6-fluoro-L-dopa and (11)C-N-methylspiperone showed a decreased pre- and post-synaptic uptake in the striatum. Consistent with previous reports, the present case demonstrated the basal ganglia, particularly the globus pallidus, to be selectively susceptible to anoxic insults...
2012: Internal Medicine
Hirokazu Kanegane, Hiromichi Taneichi, Keiko Nomura, Taizo Wada, Akihiro Yachie, Kohsuke Imai, Tadashi Ariga, Ines Santisteban, Michael S Hershfield, Toshio Miyawaki
In this case report, we describe successful BMT with RIC in a patient with delayed-onset ADA deficiency. A three-yr-old Japanese boy was diagnosed with delayed-onset ADA deficiency because of recurrent bronchitis, bronchiectasia, and lymphopenia. In addition, autoimmune thyroiditis and neutropenia were present. At four yr of age, he underwent BMT with a RIC regimen, including busulfan and fludarabine, from an HLA-identical healthy sister. Engraftment after BMT was uneventful without GVHD. Decreased ADA levels in blood immediately increased following BMT, and the patient was disease-free 13 months after BMT...
February 2013: Pediatric Transplantation
Hideyuki Nakaoka, Hirokazu Kanegane, Hiromichi Taneichi, Kazushi Miya, Xi Yang, Keiko Nomura, Shunichiro Takezaki, Masafumi Yamada, Osamu Ohara, Chikako Kamae, Kohsuke Imai, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Taizo Wada, Akihiro Yachie, Michael S Hershfield, Tadashi Ariga, Toshio Miyawaki
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a monophasic, immune-mediated demyelinating disorder that can appear after either immunizations or, more often, infections. Magnetic resonance imaging of patients shows inflammatory lesions in the brain and spinal cord. An immune-mediated mechanism may play a role in this disease, although its precise pathogenesis remains unclear. In this study, a 2-year-old boy presented with ADEM, and he showed improvement on treatment with high-dose intravenous corticosteroids...
June 2012: International Journal of Hematology
Tomohiro Nawa, Masato Yokozawa, Motoki Takamuro, Ai Kasuga
Although rare, plastic bronchitis (PB) is an important early complication after Fontan procedure. Kartagener's syndrome is characterized by mucociliary dysfunction of the respiratory tract and has a triad of features, including situs inversus totalis, chronic sinusitis, and bronchiectasia. We experienced PB in a patient with Kartagener's syndrome 5 years after Fontan procedure.
June 2012: Pediatric Cardiology
E Martínez-Cerón, C Prados, L Gómez-Carrera, J J Cabanillas, G López-López, R Álvarez-Sala
AIMS: To know the characteristics and prevalence of non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection infection in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study of NCFB adult patients whose disease had been followed-up for at least two years was performed. RESULTS: A total of 68 subjects were included, 50 females (73.5%), with mean age of 63.31± 16.2 years. The most frequent etiology of the non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis was COPD in 28 cases (41...
March 2012: Revista Clínica Española
Matthias Dennler, Mariano Makara, Asia Kranjc, Manuela Schnyder, Pete Ossent, Peter Deplazes, Stefanie Ohlerth, Tony M Glaus
To characterize the computed tomography (CT) features of thoracic lesions caused by infection with Angiostrongylus vasorum, pre- and postcontrast CT was performed in six experimentally infected Beagles 13 weeks postinoculation and in four of these 9 weeks postchemotherapy. Findings were compared with survey radiographs and necropsy findings. A multicentric bronchoalveolar pattern more pronounced at the lung periphery was present radiographically. On CT, the predominant abnormality underlying this alveolar pattern was multiple large nodules merging to areas of consolidation, and containing air bronchograms of varying extent...
May 2011: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Michiru Sawahata, Eri Hagiwara, Takashi Ogura, Shigeru Komatsu, Akimasa Sekine, Noriko Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Takahashi
A 24-year-old male never-smoker with no contributory medical history was referred to our division because of chronic productive cough and fever. His chest CT showed pulmonary consolidation including nodular shadows around the bronchovascular bundle in both upper lobes and right middle lobe. Sputum smears were negative but cultures were positive for Mycobacterium peregrinum, twice. He was given a diagnosis of pulmonary mycobacteriosis caused by M. peregrinum and treated with clarithromycin, levofloxacin, and ethambutol...
November 2010: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
Miguel Angel Martínez García, Juan José Soler Cataluña
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchiectasias are two of the most frequent and underdiagnosed diseases of the airways. The association between these two entities can be established from different points of view. On the one hand, because of their high prevalence, the co-occurrence of COPD and bronchiectasias in the same patient is not unusual. On the other hand, recent studies have observed an association between COPD and bronchiectasias, given that more than 50% of patients with moderate-severe COPD show bronchiectasias unexplained by other causes that could provoke an excess of bronchial inflammation, as well as a higher number of exacerbations, possibly mediated by an increase in bronchial colonization-infection by potentially pathogenic microorganisms...
2010: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Masafumi Horie, Hidenori Arai, Satoshi Noguchi, Masaru Suzuki, Yoshio Sakamoto, Teruaki Oka
A 71-year-old man was admitted to Kanto Central Hospital with hemoptysis. He had had chronic sinusitis and deafness since childhood. Situs inversus, bronchiectasia, and diffuse panbronchiolitis had been also diagnosed at the age of 59. Chest computed tomography demonstrated a 5-cm mass in the anterior mediastinum as well as a 4-cm mass in the upper lobe of the right lung. A transbronchial lung biopsy of the right lung tumor revealed squamous cell carcinoma. Electron microscopic examination of the bronchial epithelial cilia revealed a total defect of both inner and outer dynein arms, leading to a diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia...
May 2010: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
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