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distal dvt

Duarte C Rego, Ahmed Khairy Sayed Ahmed, Gerard J O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to describe the results of a technique of simultaneous antegrade and retrograde vascular access ("criss-cross") to the popliteal vein to achieve venous recanalization in patients with acute, extensive, iliofemoral DVT with concomitant popliteal and calf vein thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients were treated using this technique, in three patients as a bailout option after failed posterior tibial vein puncture and in four as a first option...
March 7, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Albeir Y Mousa, Mike Broce, David De Wit, Mina Baskarioun, Shadi AbuHalema, Michael Yacoub, Mark C Bates
BACKGROUND: The D-Dimer (DD) level combined with the pretest Wells criteria probability (WCP) score can safely exclude Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT). The objective for this study was to examine the correlation between DD results alongside WCP score with findings on venous duplex ultrasound (VDU). The hypothesis is that VDU remains over utilized in low-risk patients with negative DD and that higher DD levels may correlate with thrombus burden and location. METHODS: Patients who presented to a high volume tertiary care center with lower limb swelling with or without associated pain were retrospectively examined through June and July for four consecutive years (2012 to 2015)...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Miguel Jiménez-Alcázar, Andreas Limacher, Rachita Panda, Marie Méan, Josephine Bitterling, Sven Peine, Thomas Renné, Jürg H Beer, Drahomir Aujesky, Bernhard Lämmle, Tobias A Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. Extracellular DNA is a pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic mediator in vitro and in animal models. Levels of circulating extracellular DNA (ceDNA) are increased in VTE patients, but the association of ceDNA with VTE extent and clinical outcome is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the association of ceDNA with the extent of VTE, categorized as distal and proximal deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and with the clinical outcomes VTE recurrence and mortality...
2018: PloS One
Krzysztof Ratajczyk, Adrian Czekaj, Joanna Rogala, Pawel Kowal
BACKGROUND: Adult Wilms tumor (WT, nephroblastoma) is a rare, but well-described renal neoplasm. Although inferior vena cava tumor thrombosis is present in up to 10% of Wilms tumors in childhood, only few cases of this clinical manifestation in adults have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of adult WT infiltrating into inferior vena cava (IVC) with concomitant distal deep vein thrombosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old male patient with gross hematuria and right flank pain was diagnosed with right kidney tumor penetrating to IVC...
February 23, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Cynthia Wong
A 47-year-old woman presented to her GP (general practitioner) surgery with a left leg pain of 4 days duration after a recent 4-hour flight. She was taking the oral combined contraceptive pill and had no past medical history. She had a low predictive Wells score for deep vein thrombosis, but her D-dimer was positive, so she had a proximal lower limb vein ultrasound scan as per the National Institute for Clinical Excellence guidelines, which was negative. Two days later, she presented to the emergency department with a collapse and dyspnea...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Shang Piao, Yong-Gang Zhou, Yin-Qiao Du, Hai-Yang Ma, Jing-Yang Sun, Zhi-Sen Gao, Ya-Wen Peng, Wen-Ming Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and the clinical effect of S-ROM modular stem in femur reconstruction in hip revision arthroplasty. METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2016, 21 patients received revision hip arthroplasties using S-ROM stems. There were 5 males and 16 females with an average of 48.33 years old(range, 29 to 73 years old). There were 13 cases caused by aseptic loosening, 4 cases by infection, 2 cases by nonunion of sub-tuberosity osteotomy, 1 case for repeated dislocation, 1 case for traumatic great trochanter fracture...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Frédéric Rouyer, Fabrice Dami, Olivier Grosgurin, Valériane Rossier, Majd Ramlawi, Mathieu Pasquier, Olivier T Rutschmann
Emergency medicine is part of the current stream of efficient and qualitative medicine : 1) the modified Valsava maneuver results in the resolution of almost 50% of supra-ventricular tachycardia without any drug; 2) lung echography performed by emergency physicians is a very sensitive and specific diagnostic tool for most thoracic emergencies; 3) cardiopulmonary resuscitation initiated by lay-rescuers improves short and long-term outcome; 4) no anticoagulant treatment is warranted in distal deep vein thrombosis and 5) systematic unenhanced abdominal CT might improve evaluation of elderly patients with acute abdominal pain...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Angel Mier Hicks, Antonio DeRosa, Michael Raj, Richard Do, Kenneth H Yu, Maeve A Lowery, Anna Varghese, Eileen M O'Reilly
Within gastrointestinal malignancies, primary hepatocellular carcinoma and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are frequently associated with visceral thromboses (VT). Thrombus formation in the portal (PVT), mesenteric (MVT), or splenic vein (SVT) system leads to portal hypertension and intestinal ischemia. VT in PDAC may convey a risk of increased distal thrombosis and poses therapeutic uncertainty regarding the role of anticoagulation. An increasing number of reports describe VT associated with PDAC. It is possible that early diagnosis of these events may help reduce morbidity and speculatively improve oncologic outcomes...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Tomohiro Osaki, Hiroaki Saito, Yoji Fukumoto, Yusuke Kono, Yuki Murakami, Yuji Shishido, Hirohiko Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Kengo Sato, Yasuaki Hirooka, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal perioperative complication. Understanding the risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and initiating appropriate prophylaxis is pivotal for reducing the risk of VTE. The purpose of this study was to clarify the perioperative risk factors for DVT in patients undergoing surgery for gastric cancer. METHODS: We reviewed the findings of lower limb ultrasonography performed in 160 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
December 12, 2017: Surgery Today
Helia Robert-Ebadi, Marc Righini
Ultrasound series report that isolated distal deep vein thrombosis (DVT), also known as calf DVT, represents up to 50% of all lower-limb DVTs and, therefore, is a frequent medical condition. Unlike proximal DVT and pulmonary embolism, which have been studied extensively and for which management is well standardized, much less is known about the optimal management of isolated calf DVT. Recent data arising from registries and nonrandomized studies have suggested that most distal DVTs do not extend to the proximal veins and have an uneventful follow-up when left untreated...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Marcello Di Nisio, Marc Carrier
Patients with cancer have a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and about one-half of these events are incidentally detected. The prognosis of incidental VTE appears to be similar to symptomatic events, with comparably high rates of recurrent VTE in this patient population. In the absence of major contraindications, anticoagulant treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin for 3 to 6 months is generally recommended for incidental proximal deep vein thrombosis as well as for incidental pulmonary embolism that involves multiple subsegmental or more proximal pulmonary arteries...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Rodrigo Amaral, Ronaldo Ferreira, Luis Marchi, Rubens Jensen, Joes Nogueira-Neto, Luiz Pimenta
OBJECTIVES: Historically, anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) was related to high rates of intraoperative complications and adverse events related to interbody devices. In recent decades, there have been technical adjustments, and cages that are more suitable have emerged. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and complication rate of the use of stand-alone mini-ALIF using a self-locking cage. METHODS: Retrospective single center study. Inclusion criteria: retroperitoneal mini-ALIF for single-level fusion (L5S1); self-locking cage; DDD/stenosis and grade I spondylolisthesis...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Emily C Alper, Ivan K Ip, Patricia Balthazar, Gregory Piazza, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Carol B Benson, Ronilda Lacson, Ramin Khorasani
BACKGROUND: The Wells score for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) has a high failure rate and low efficiency among inpatients. OBJECTIVE: To create and validate an inpatient-specific risk stratification model to help assess pre-test probability of DVT in hospitalized patients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of hospitalized patients undergoing lower-extremity ultrasonography studies (LEUS) for suspected DVT. Demographics, physical findings, medical history, medications, hospitalization, and laboratory and imaging results were collected...
September 15, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Asim, Hassan Al-Thani
We aimed to investigate the association between obesity and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in a country with a high prevalence of obesity. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who presented with DVT between 2008 and 2012. Data were analyzed and compared based on body mass index (BMI), and patients were classified into normal (<25), overweight (≥25 to <30), obese I (30 to <35), obese II (35 to <40), and obese III (≥40). Among 662 patients with DVT, 28% were overweight and 49% were obese...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Ming Sheng Lim, Anita Ariyarajah, Christopher Oldmeadow, Alix Hall, Anoop K Enjeti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Douglas F Arbetter, Purva Jain, Megan K Yee, Nathan Michalak, Adrian F Hernandez, Russell D Hull, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Robert A Harrington, Alex Gold, Alexander T Cohen, C Michael Gibson
Competing risk methods are time-to-event analyses that account for fatal and/or nonfatal events that may potentially alter or prevent a subject from experiencing the primary endpoint. Competing risk methods may provide a more accurate and less biased estimate of the incidence of an outcome but are rarely applied in cardiology trials. APEX investigated the efficacy of extended-duration betrixaban versus standard-duration enoxaparin to prevent a composite of symptomatic deep-vein thrombosis (proximal or distal), nonfatal pulmonary embolism, or venous thromboembolism (VTE)-related death in acute medically ill patients (n = 7513)...
August 24, 2017: Pharmaceutical Statistics
Geoffrey D Barnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Vascular Medicine
Aniek Ag Zee, Kelly van Lieshout, Maaike van der Heide, Loes Janssen, Heinrich Mj Janzing
BACKGROUND: Immobilization of the lower limb is a risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE). Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are anticoagulants, which might be used in adult patients with lower-limb immobilization to prevent deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and its complications. This is an update of the review first published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of low molecular weight heparin for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with lower-limb immobilization in an ambulatory setting...
August 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Tosetto, S Testa, I Martinelli, D Poli, B Cosmi, C Lodigiani, W Ageno, V De Stefano, A Falanga, I Nichele, O Paoletti, P Bucciarelli, E Antonucci, C Legnani, E Banfi, F Dentali, F Bartolomei, L Barcella, G Palareti
Essentials Predicting recurrences may guide therapy after unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE). We evaluated the DASH score in 827 patients with unprovoked VTE to verify prediction accuracy. A DASH score ≤ 1 had a cumulative recurrence risk at 1 year of 3.6%, as predicted by the model. The DASH score performed better in younger (< 65 years old) subjects. SUMMARY: Background The DASH prediction model has been proposed as a guide to identify patients at low risk of recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), but has never been validated in an independent cohort...
October 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Marco P Donadini, Francesco Dentali, Samuela Pegoraro, Fulvio Pomero, Chiara Brignone, Luigina Guasti, Luigi Steidl, Walter Ageno
Isolated distal deep vein thrombosis (IDDVT) is a common clinical manifestation of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, there are only scant and heterogeneous data available on the long-term risk of recurrent VTE after IDDVT, and the optimal therapeutic management remains uncertain. We carried out a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients diagnosed with symptomatic IDDVT between 2004 and 2011, according to a predefined short-term treatment protocol (low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for 4-6 weeks)...
December 2017: Vascular Medicine
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