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Anesthetic nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427540/novel-standardized-massive-bone-defect-model-in-rats-employing-an-internal-eight-hole-stainless-steel-plate-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#1
Huijie Jianga, Pengzhen Chenga, Donglin Lia, Junqin Lia, Jimeng Wanga, Yi Gaoa, Shuaishuai Zhanga, Tianqing Caoa, Chunmei Wanga, Liu Yanga, Guoxian Peia
Massive bone defects are a challenge in orthopedic research. Defective regeneration leads to bone atrophy, non-union of bone and physical morbidity. Large animals are important models, however, production costs are high, nursing is complex and evaluation methods are limited. A suitable laboratory animal model is required to explore the underlying molecular mechanism and cellular process of bone tissue engineering. We designed a stainless steel plate with eight holes; the middle two holes were used as a guide to create a standardized critical size defect in the femur of anesthetized rats...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362049/nurse-anesthetists-reflections-on-caring-for-patients-with-previous-substance-dependence-balancing-between-professionalism-and-preconceptions
#2
Markus Forsberg, Catrine Björn, Maria Engström, Annika Nilsson
PURPOSE: The study aim was to describe nurse anesthetists' reflections on the provision of perioperative care to patients with previous substance dependence. DESIGN: A qualitative approach with a descriptive design. METHODS: Semistructured interviews based on clinical vignettes were conducted with 10 nurse anesthetists. FINDINGS: The perioperative care provided to patients with previous substance dependence was perceived as balancing between professionalism and preconceptions for this specific patient group...
February 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236837/construction-and-validation-of-a-nursing-care-protocol-in-anesthesia
#3
Cassiane de Santana Lemos, Vanessa de Brito Poveda, Aparecida de Cassia Giane Peniche
OBJECTIVE: To construct and validate a nursing care protocol in anesthesia. METHOD: methodological study of face and content validation, judging clarity, relevance, pertinence and comprehensiveness of a care protocol, elaborated from the integrative review of previous literature and based on the conceptual model of assistance perioperative nursing of Castellanos and Jouclas. The protocol was evaluated by five anesthesiologists and nurses from the surgical center...
December 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233951/exposure-assessment-biological-monitoring-and-liver-function-tests-of-operating-room-personnel-exposed-to-halothane-in-hamedan-hospitals-west-of-iran
#4
Mohammad Hossien Bakhshaei, Abdorrahman Bahrami, Amin Mirzakhani, Hossien Mahjub, Mohammad Javad Assari
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to halogenated hydrocarbons has been associated with halothane hepatitis, an increase of liver enzymes, and congenital malformations. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether bromide, a urinary metabolite of halothane, could be used as a biological marker of exposure to this anesthetic gas and assessment of associated exposure to halothane with any significant changes in conventional parameters of liver function (serum aminotransferase activities)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215547/hypnosis-as-an-effective-and-inexpensive-option-to-control-pain-in-transcatheter-ablation-of-cardiac-arrhythmias
#5
Umberto Barbero, Federico Ferraris, Milena Muro, Carlo Budano, Matteo Anselmino, Fiorenzo Gaita
: Supportive care for pain relief and back discomfort during electrophysiology interventions is usually needed in the electrophysiology lab, especially in long-lasting procedures like atrial fibrillation ablation. Although this is usually achieved with conventional pharmacologic anesthesia, hypnosis has recently aroused interest as a reliable tool to complement and possibly enhance conscious sedation. We collected five case of percutaneous arrhythmia ablation in which, after informed consent, hypnosis was performed by nurse anesthetists in the cath lab...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191247/the-implication-of-the-shortage-of-health-workforce-specialist-on-universal-health-coverage-in-kenya
#6
Mumbo Hazel Miseda, Samuel Odhiambo Were, Cirindi Anne Murianki, Milo Peter Mutuku, Stephen N Mutwiwa
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is an acute shortage of human resources for health (HRH), and the greatest burden is borne by low-income countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa and some parts of Asia. This shortage has not only considerably constrained the achievement of health-related development goals but also impeded accelerated progress towards universal health coverage (UHC). Like any other low-income country, Kenya is experiencing health workforce shortage particularly in specialized healthcare workers to cater for the rapidly growing need for specialized health care (MOH Training Needs Assessment report (2015))...
December 1, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190367/early-experience-with-bilateral-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-and-single-injection-spinal-anesthesia-for-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#7
Matthew R Patrick, Hari K Parvataneni, Donald S Bohannon, André P Boezaart
Objective: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed surgery in the United States, with demand for unilateral and simultaneous bilateral TKAs (BTKAs) expected to increase significantly over the coming decades. This study reports the authors' early experience in a consecutive series of simultaneous BTKAs performed under regional anesthesia and mild sedation. Methods: In this retrospective case series, the authors examined all simultaneous BTKAs performed over two years by a single surgeon...
November 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184439/ultrasound-guided-rectus-sheath-block-caudal-analgesia-or-surgical-site-infiltration-for-pediatric-umbilical-herniorrhaphy-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-comparison-of-three-regional-anesthetic-techniques
#8
Lance M Relland, Joseph D Tobias, David Martin, Giorgio Veneziano, Ralph J Beltran, Christopher McKee, Tarun Bhalla
Background: Umbilical hernia repair is a common pediatric surgical procedure. While opioid analgesics are a feasible option and have long been a mainstay in the pharmacological intervention for pain, the effort to improve care and limit opioid-related adverse effects has led to the use of alternative techniques, including regional anesthesia. The current study prospectively compares the analgesic efficacy of three techniques, including caudal epidural blockade, peripheral nerve blockade, and local wound infiltration, in a double-blinded study...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159000/umbilical-cord-prolapse-in-a-labouring-patient-a-multidisciplinary-and-interprofessional-simulation-scenario
#9
Chandrew Rajakumar, Adam Garber, Purnima M Rao, Genevieve Rousseau, George A Dumitrascu, Glenn D Posner
This case is one of an eight-case multidisciplinary curriculum designed and implemented at the University of Ottawa by simulation educators with specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) and anesthesiology. Consultation from a nurse educator maintained quality and relevance of objectives for nursing participants. The curriculum was prepared to train OB/GYN and anesthesiology residents and nurses to hone crisis resource management skills and to recognize and manage rare/critical medical events in an obstetrical setting...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157768/identifying-nurse-anesthetists-professional-identity
#10
Karin Aagaard, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Bodil Steen Rasmussen, Birgitte Schantz Laursen
PURPOSE: To explore professional identity of registered nurse anesthetists (RNAs) and RNAs' expectations of their professional self and the expectations RNAs meet from interdisciplinary team members when preparing patients for general anesthesia. DESIGN: Focused ethnography was used for data collection. METHODS: Participant observations and interviews were conducted with patients scheduled for surgery and with RNAs in charge of the patients during the anesthetic procedures...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153297/pain-management-practice-and-guidelines-in-jordanian-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#11
Ahmad Ismail, Paula Forgeron, Viola Polomeno, Huda Gharaibeh, Denise Harrison
Limited knowledge exists of current pain management practices and supporting guidelines in Jordanian pediatric intensive care units. To determine the current pain management practices and the availability and content of practice guidelines in Jordanian pediatric intensive care units, we conducted a cross-sectional and multisite survey of four pediatric intensive care units in Jordan. A questionnaire was developed and orally administered over the phone or in person to head nurses or their nominees to capture pain management practices and the existence and content of guidelines...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148326/understanding-professional-jurisdiction-changes-in-the-field-of-anesthesiology
#12
Scott Feyereisen, Joseph P Broschak, Beth Goodrick
We further our understanding of jurisdictional disputes between established professional groups through a 10-year longitudinal analysis of the differential adoption by U.S. states of policies expanding Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists' (CRNAs) autonomy. In the United States, CRNAs are trained to deliver anesthetics to patients in the same way as physician anesthesiologists but have more restrictions in practice. Following a 2001 federal decision regarding Medicare reimbursement, states were permitted but not required to allow CRNAs to practice without physician supervision, potentially reducing health care costs...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135709/pilot-study-comparing-topical-anesthetic-agents-in-pterygium-surgery-subconjunctival-injection-versus-2-lidocaine-gel-versus-5-lidocaine-gel
#13
Felipe Pereira, Hélio Francisco Shiroma, Muller Gonçalves Urias, Verônica Haysa Yamada, Acácio Alves de Souza Lima, Ana Luisa Hofling-Lima, Michel Eid Farah, Eduardo Buchele Rodrigues
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of different concentrations of topical lidocaine gel with standard subconjunctival anesthesia. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled pilot study with 3 different groups. Group SC received subconjunctival lidocaine and proparacaine drops as needed during surgery. Group L2 received 2% lidocaine gel and group L5 received 5% lidocaine gel. Both lidocaine gel groups could receive another gel dose as needed during the procedure...
November 13, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107256/local-anesthetic-systemic-toxicity
#14
Diana L Wadlund
Local anesthetics are commonly used in the perioperative environment to facilitate surgical procedures or to provide postoperative pain management for patients. The use of local anesthetics, however, introduces the risk of complications resulting from local anesthetic systemic toxicity and the risks of increased morbidity and mortality for the surgical patient. Systemic toxicity from the injection or overdose of local anesthetics is a rare but potentially fatal complication that occurs in less than 1 in 1,000 patients...
November 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099960/parent-nurse-controlled-analgesia-compared-with-intravenous-prn-opioids-for-postsurgical-pain-management-in-children-with-developmental-delay-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Michelle L Czarnecki, Keri R Hainsworth, Pippa M Simpson, Steven J Weisman
Objectives: The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized, controlled comparison of outcomes associated with parent/nurse-controlled analgesia (PNCA), with and without a basal (background) opioid infusion, with intravenous (IV) opioids intermittently administered by a nurse on an "as needed" basis (IV PRN) for postoperative pain management in children with developmental delay (DD). Methods: Participants included children with DD expected to require IV opioids for at least 24 postoperative hours...
November 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095180/a-randomized-double-blind-trial-to-determine-if-vapocoolant-in-the-adult-population-improves-patient-perception-of-pain-with-peripheral-intravascular-access
#16
Courtney Edwards, Christina Noah
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the use of a topical anesthetic spray (vapocoolant) at the site of intravenous access reduces pain and anxiety associated with peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheter insertion in an adult emergency department population. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-center trial, conducted from July to August, in an adult emergency department where 72 patients with orders for PIV insertion receiving either topical vapocoolant spray (n = 38) or placebo spray (n = 34)...
October 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991122/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-hip-fractures-a-cochrane-review
#17
Joanne Guay, Martyn J Parker, Richard Griffiths, Sandra L Kopp
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on the use of peripheral nerve blocks as preoperative analgesia, as postoperative analgesia, or as a supplement to general anesthesia for hip fracture surgery and tries to determine if they offer any benefit in terms of pain on movement at 30 minutes after block placement, acute confusional state, myocardial infarction/ischemia, pneumonia, mortality, time to first mobilization, and cost of analgesic. METHODS: Trials were identified by computerized searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2016, Issue 8), MEDLINE (Ovid SP, 1966 to 2016 August week 1), Embase (Ovid SP, 1988 to 2016 August week 1), and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (EBSCO, 1982 to 2016 August week 1), trials registers, and reference lists of relevant articles...
October 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938981/interaction-between-nurse-anesthetists-and-patients-in-a-highly-technological-environment
#18
Karin Aagaard, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Bodil Steen Rasmussen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen
PURPOSE: To explore the specific interactions between patients and nurse anesthetists in the highly technological environment of anesthesia nursing, focusing on the time interval between patient entrance into the operating room and induction of general anesthesia. DESIGN: Focused ethnography was used for data collection. METHODS: Participant observation and interview of 13 hospitalized patients being admitted for major or minor surgical procedures and 13 nurse anesthetists in charge of their patients and anesthetic procedures...
October 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922228/anesthesia-capacity-in-ghana-a-teaching-hospital-s-resources-and-the-national-workforce-and-education
#19
Mark A Brouillette, Alfred J Aidoo, Maria A Hondras, Nana A Boateng, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, William Addison, Alec R Hermanson
BACKGROUND: Quality anesthetic care is lacking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global health leaders call for perioperative capacity reports in limited-resource settings to guide improved health care initiatives. We describe a teaching hospital's resources and the national workforce and education in this LMIC capacity report. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, during 4 weeks in August 2016...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919813/a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-with-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block-versus-standard-anesthetic-management-for-pain-control-during-and-after-traumatic-femur-fracture-repair-in-the-pediatric-population
#20
Nicole M Elsey, Joseph D Tobias, Kevin E Klingele, Ralph J Beltran, Tarun Bhalla, David Martin, Giorgio Veneziano, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury of the femur resulting in femoral fracture may result in significant postoperative pain. As with other causes of acute pain, regional anesthesia may offer a benefit over conventional therapy with intravenous opioids. This study prospectively assesses the effects of femoral nerve blockade with a lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block (FN-LFCN) on intraoperative anesthetic requirements, postoperative pain scores, and opioid requirements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen pediatric patients (age 2-18 years) undergoing surgical repair of a traumatic femur fracture fulfilled the study criteria and were randomly assigned to general anesthesia with either an FN-LFCN block (n = 10) or intravenous opioids (n = 7)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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