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Violence prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793150/exploring-the-victimization%C3%A2-early-substance-misuse-relationship-in-search-of-moderating-and-mediating-effects
#1
Glenn D Walters, Dorothy L Espelage
This study was designed to address two research questions. The first research question asked whether physical abuse victimization at the hands of parents/guardians, bullying victimization at the hands of peers, and the abuse x bullying interaction encouraged early involvement in substance misuse. The second research question inquired as to whether the victimization‒substance misuse relationship was mediated by variables proposed by various theories and research studies-specifically, cognitive impulsivity, negative affect, and low self-esteem...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792581/victimization-and-violence-an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-child-sexual-abuse-violence-and-delinquency
#2
Rebecca Shoaf Kozak, Melinda Gushwa, Tamara J Cadet
Child sexual abuse (CSA) continues to be a major public health issue with significant short- and long-term consequences. However, little contemporary research has examined the relationship between CSA and delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence. Children who have been sexually abused experience a unique form of victimization compared to children who have endured other forms of maltreatment, as CSA can result in feelings of shame, powerlessness and boundary violations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CSA on delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792563/ability-of-crime-demographic-and-business-data-to-forecast-areas-of-increased-violence
#3
Daniel A Bowen, Laura M Mercer Kollar, Daniel T Wu, David A Fraser, Charles E Flood, Jasmine C Moore, Elizabeth W Mays, Steven A Sumner
Identifying geographic areas and time periods of increased violence is of considerable importance in prevention planning. This study compared the performance of multiple data sources to prospectively forecast areas of increased interpersonal violence. We used 2011-2014 data from a large metropolitan county on interpersonal violence (homicide, assault, rape and robbery) and forecasted violence at the level of census block-groups and over a one-month moving time window. Inputs to a Random Forest model included historical crime records from the police department, demographic data from the US Census Bureau, and administrative data on licensed businesses...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792481/risk-and-protective-factors-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-south-asian-immigrant-women-and-perceived-need-for-services
#4
Bushra Sabri, Michelle Simonet, Jacquelyn C Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Limited research exists on multilevel influences of intimate partner violence (IPV) among immigrant groups in the United States, particularly South Asians. Using a socioecological framework, this study examined risk and protective factors of IPV among a diverse group of South Asian immigrant survivors of IPV and identified their perceived need for services. METHOD: Sixteen South Asian immigrant survivors were recruited from New York; Maryland; Virginia; and Washington, DC, using a snowball sampling method...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791740/the-irie-classroom-toolbox-developing-a-violence-prevention-preschool-teacher-training-program-using-evidence-theory-and-practice
#5
Helen Baker-Henningham
In this paper, I describe the development of the Irie Classroom Toolbox, a school-based violence prevention, teacher training program for use with children aged 3-6 years. In-depth interviews were conducted with Jamaican preschool teachers, who had participated in a trial of a classroom behavior management program, at posttest (n = 35) and 5 years later (n = 20). An on-going process evaluation was also conducted. Teachers' preferred behavior management strategies and training methods were documented, and enablers and barriers to implementation were identified...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791630/violence-against-the-brazilian-elderlies-an-analysis-of-hospitalizations
#6
Vivian Carla de Castro, Leidyani Karina Rissardo, Lígia Carreira
OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence of physical aggression and neglect and abandonment in the hospitalizations of Brazilian elderly people for violence and assault from 2008 to 2013 and the association of these causes with socio-demographic variables related to hospitalization. METHOD: quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study with elderlies hospitalized for assault. INCLUSION CRITERIA: to be 60 years old or over, to have been hospitalized in the Unified Health System (SUS) for assault or neglect and abandonment, between 2008 and 2013...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788913/prevalence-and-outcome-of-injury-in-patients-visiting-the-emergency-department-of-yirgalem-general-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#7
Abel Negussie, Andarge Getie, Elias Manaye, Tamrat Tekle
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Despite the high burden of injury in Ethiopia, the occurrence and health impact have not received due attention. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and outcome of injury among patients visiting the Emergency Department (ED) of Yirgalem General Hospital, southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based prospective cross sectional study was conducted from March, 27 - April, 30/2017...
May 22, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788761/prevalence-of-gambling-related-harm-provides-evidence-for-the-prevention-paradox
#8
Matthew Browne, Matthew J Rockloff
Background The prevention paradox (PP) describes a situation in which a greater number of cases of a disease-state come from low-risk members of a population, because they are more prevalent than high-risk members. Past research has provided only tangential and disputed evidence to support the application of the PP to gambling-related harm. Aims To assess whether the PP applies to gambling, the prevalence of a large set (72) of diverse harmful consequences from gambling was examined across four risk categories for problem gambling, including no-risk, low-risk, moderate-risk, and problem-gambling...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784658/systemic-approach-for-injury-and-violence-prevention-what-we-can-learn-from-the-harlem-children-s-zone-and-promise-neighborhoods
#9
Carla Taylor, Lisbeth B Schorr, Natalie Wilkins, L Shakiyla Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783104/school-climate-and-physical-adolescent-relationship-abuse-differences-by-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-bullying
#10
Sonia Jain, Alison K Cohen, Taylor Paglisotti, Malavika A Subramanyam, Alison Chopel, Elizabeth Miller
Little is known about the association between school climate and adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). We used 2011-2012 data from surveys of California public school students (in the United States of America) who were in a dating relationship in the last year (n = 112 378) to quantify the association between different school climate constructs and physical ARA. Fifty-two percent of students were female, and all students were in 9th or 11th grade (approximately ages 14-17). Over 11% of students reported experiencing physical ARA in the last year...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779512/intimate-partner-violence-what-health-care-providers-should-know
#11
REVIEW
Anne McKibbin, Kathy Gill-Hopple
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a health epidemic. Health care professionals have a unique and critical role to play. It is expected that health care providers have the ability to engage in an informed response to IPV, which is crucial to the safety of the woman, improving health outcomes, and preventing further violence. Screening procedures for IPV, along with the awareness of abuse indicators, have the potential to significantly identify women who have been exposed to IPV. Identification of IPV will enable the health care provider to offer support, build trust, validate concerns, and offer community resources...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779428/understanding-men-s-elevated-alcohol-use-gender-equity-ideologies-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-in-rural-india
#12
Anindita Dasgupta, Jay Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, Mohan Ghule, Balaiah Donta, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Velhal Gajanan, Anita Raj
Qualitative evidence suggests that husbands' inequitable gender equity (GE) ideologies may influence associations between husbands' alcohol use and intimate partner violence (IPV) against wives. However, little quantitative research exists on the subject. To address this gap in the literature, associations of husbands' elevated alcohol use and GE ideologies with wives' reports of IPV victimization among a sample of married couples in Maharashtra, India, were examined. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data from the baseline sample of the Counseling Husbands to Achieve Reproductive Health and Marital Equity (CHARM) study...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778296/the-utility-of-twitter-as-a-tool-for-increasing-reach-of-research-on-sexual-violence
#13
Christine Wekerle, Negar Vakili, Sherry H Stewart, Tara Black
Researchers in violence prevention areas seek to disseminate work for impact to practice and policy. Knowledge transfer, exchange, and mobilization are common terms for research knowledge utilization where public communication platforms are playing an increasing role, having unique capacity to connect stakeholders in advocacy and lived experience, academia, non-governmental organizations, government-supported organizations, such as child welfare, and research funding bodies. Social networking platforms provide a communication intervention opportunity to test the effectiveness of the research reach...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772278/zika-virus-incidence-preventive-and-reproductive-behaviors-correlates-from-new-survey-data
#14
Climent Quintana-Domeque, José Raimundo Carvalho, Victor Hugo de Oliveira
During the outbreak of the Zika virus, Brazilian health authorities recommended that pregnant women take meticulous precaution to avoid mosquito bites and that women in general use contraceptive methods to postpone/delay pregnancies. In this article, we present new estimates on the Zika virus incidence, its correlates and preventive behaviors in the Northeast of Brazil, where the outbreak initiated, using survey data collected between March 30th and June 3rd of 2016. The target population were women aged 15-49 in the capital cities of the nine states of the Northeast region of Brazil...
May 1, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771949/correlates-of-domestic-violence-perpetration-reporting-among-recently-married-men-residing-in-slums-in-pune-india
#15
Ameeta S Kalokhe, Sandhya R Iyer, Keshav Gadhe, Tuman Katendra, Anuradha Paranjape, Carlos Del Rio, Rob Stephenson, Seema Sahay
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent in low-income and slum-dwelling communities in India. To date, the focus of DV prevention in resource-poor settings has largely been with women. We herein aim to identify correlates of DV perpetration to help inform future primary prevention efforts that focus on behavioral change in men. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, potential correlates of DV perpetration were explored among a geographically-clustered random sample of 100 recently-married men residing in slums in Pune, India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771617/public-support-for-gun-violence-prevention-policies-among-gun-owners-and-non-gun-owners-in-2017
#16
Colleen L Barry, Daniel W Webster, Elizabeth Stone, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Emma E McGinty
OBJECTIVES: To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. METHODS: We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners. RESULTS: For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8 of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#17
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768613/helplessness-experienced-by-adolescent-mothers-and-pregnant-adolescents-sheltered-in-institutions
#18
Paula Orchiucci Miura, Leila Salomão de La Plata Cury Tardivo, Dora Mariela Salcedo Barrientos
The experience of helplessness or abandonment during pregnancy affects the emotional state of women, hindering their disposition in taking care of themselves and their baby. The aim of this study was to understand the emotional experience arising from intra-family violence experienced by institutionally sheltered adolescent mothers and pregnant adolescents. This study is exploratory, descriptive, clinical and qualitive. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a psychologist from the institution and with six adolescents in the institution: one pregnant girl and five mothers...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768612/the-incidence-of-sexual-violence-among-children-and-adolescents-in-recife-state-of-pernambuco-brazil-in-2012-and-2013
#19
Cláudia Alves de Sena, Maria Arleide da Silva, Gilliatt Hanois Falbo Neto
The scope of this study was to establish the incidence of sexual violence against children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco (Brazil) between 2012 and 2013. Data was collected from the records of rape examination reports carried out at the Recife Institute of Forensic Medicine. Of the 867 cases recorded, 328 of the victims were children and adolescents. An incidence of 3.67 cases per 10,000 inhabitants in the 0 to 18 age range was identified. The majority of the victims were female (92.1%) between 10 and 14 years of age (59...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763407/violence-against-nurses-casualties-of-caring
#20
Susan Ladika
Sometimes patients are angry. Sometimes it is a symptom of their illness. Either way, nurses are on the front lines of health care and bear the brunt of the physical and verbal abuse from patients; gender may be a factor. In California, hospitals and other health care providers are now required to keep a log of violent incidents and develop violence prevention plans. Federal legislation has been introduced.
May 2018: Managed Care
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