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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332536/the-rise-of-the-crime-victim-and-punitive-policies-changes-to-the-legal-regulation-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-finland
#1
Riikka Kotanen
This article examines intimate partnership violence as a question of criminal justice policy in Finland, and contributes to criminological discussions regarding oft-stated connections between the politicization of the victim, the treatment of offenders, and repressive criminal justice policies. In this discussion, legislation aiming to regulate and prevent violence against women has often been utilized as an example of such punitive policies. Although criminal policies in Nordic countries differ significantly from more punitive Anglophone policies, punitive tendencies, it has been argued, have increased in the former, too...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332525/bar-training-for-active-bystanders-evaluation-of-a-community-based-bystander-intervention-program
#2
Ráchael A Powers, Jennifer Leili
Bystander intervention programs are proliferating on college campuses and are slowly gaining momentum as sexual violence prevention programs suitable for the larger community. In particular, bystander intervention programs aimed at bar staff have been developed in a number of locations. This study entails the exploratory evaluation of a community-based bystander program for bar staff. Using a pre-posttest design, this study suggests that evidence surrounding the effectiveness of this program is promising as it decreases rape myths, decreases barriers to intervention, and increases bartenders willingness to intervene...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332508/battered-wives-or-dependent-mothers-negotiating-familial-ideology-in-law
#3
Chulani Kodikara
More than a decade after its passing, Sri Lanka's Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (PDVA) remains a remedy of last resort for female survivors of intimate partner violence, as there is little support to take on a rights-defined identity as a battered woman both inside and outside the courtroom. However, large numbers of women are accessing the Maintenance Act of 1999 to exit violent relationships without the censure and stigma that attaches to the PDVA. The key to understanding this phenomenon is to consider how familial ideology works in unpredictable ways within the Sri Lankan judicial system...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332507/an-evaluation-of-the-impacts-of-changing-firearms-legislation-on-australian-female-firearm-homicide-victimization-rates
#4
Samara McPhedran
Reducing lethal violence against women requires comprehensive measures addressing individual, social, economic, cultural, and situational factors. Regarding situational factors, access to weapons-and firearm access in particular-has received notable research attention. However, most study comes from the United States of America, and findings may not apply elsewhere. The current study examines whether changing gun laws in Australia affected female firearm homicide victimization. Female firearm homicide victimization may have been affected; however, no significant impacts were found for male firearm homicide victimization...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332501/-plates-and-dishes-smash-married-couples-clash-cultural-and-social-barriers-to-help-seeking-among-women-domestic-violence-survivors-in-kyrgyzstan
#5
Saltanat Childress
This article develops a grounded theory of help-seeking to investigate the social and cultural determinants of help-seeking among Kyrgyz women who have experienced domestic violence. Results indicate that cultural traditions and social norms-most notably the social construction of marriage, the shame associated with divorce, and the status of daughters-in-law in Kyrgyz society-are used to justify domestic violence and prevent victims from seeking help. The proposed theory and results suggest that scholars, policymakers, and front-line contacts must emphasize dispelling myths, misconceptions, and traditional beliefs about gender and marriage to break the abusive dynamics and provide professional help...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332495/comparing-violent-victimization-experiences-of-male-and-female-college-attending-emerging-adults
#6
Callie Marie Rennison, Lynn A Addington
Despite increased attention to college student victimization, gaps remain. In particular, relatively little is known about violence against males and females outside sexual and intimate partner violence. This study uses data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to compare male and female students' violent victimization overall as well as relational and sexual violence. Findings reveal gendered differences and similarities. Results have implications for policies to prevent violence and support victims...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#7
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328874/neighborhood-interventions-to-reduce-violence
#8
Michelle C Kondo, Elena Andreyeva, Eugenia C South, John M MacDonald, Charles C Branas
Violence is a widespread problem that affects the physical, mental, and social health of individuals and communities. Violence comes with an immense economic cost to its victims and society at large. Although violence interventions have traditionally targeted individuals, changes to the built environment in places where violence occurs show promise as practical, sustainable, and high-impact preventive measures. This review examines studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326038/a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-emergency-department-staff-experiences-of-violence-and-aggression
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca Angharad Ashton, Lucy Morris, Ian Smith
INTRODUCTION: Patient and visitor violence or aggression against healthcare workers in the Emergency Department (ED) is a significant issue worldwide. This review synthesises existing qualitative studies exploring the first-hand experiences of staff working in the ED to provide insight into preventing this issue. METHOD: A meta-ethnographic approach was used to review papers. RESULTS: Four concepts were identified: 'The inevitability of violence and aggression'; 'Staff judgments about why they face violence and aggression'; 'Managing in isolation'; and 'Wounded heroes'...
January 8, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#10
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324942/mothers-perspective-on-violence-against-children-constructing-meanings
#11
Ana Cláudia de Souza Monteiro, Ana Tereza Rangel Silva Fernandes, Andréa Baia Machado de Oliveira, Ivonete Vieira Pereira Peixoto, Mônica Custódia do Couto Abreu Pamplona
OBJECTIVE: To explore the construct elaborated by the mother on the meaning of violence against the child and to identify, according to the mother's perspective, which measures are most used for the prevention of this phenomenon. METHOD: This is a qualitative research, with the participation of thirty mothers, in a health service in the city of Ananindeua, in the state of Pará, Brazil. The methodology consisted of the categorical content analysis, which identified three categories: Violence, Threats of violence and Protective measures...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324272/violence-and-maltreatment-in-tanzanian-families-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-secondary-school-students-and-their-parents
#12
Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau, Tobias Hecker
Though the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations aim to end all forms of violence against minors, child maltreatment remains a globally prevalent phenomenon. Despite the fact that parents in numerous countries apply violent discipline methods to control children's behavior, little is known about the prevalence of maltreatment and violent discipline in Sub-Saharan Africa. In this study, we examined the prevalence of maltreatment and violent discipline from both the adolescents' and parents' perspectives...
January 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314746/integrative-review-of-the-intersection-of-green-space-and-neighborhood-violence
#13
Gibran C Mancus, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze evidence about the impact of green space on the perception and actual safety of residents of urban neighborhoods. DESIGN AND ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Systematic review of green space and violence based on Broome review criteria. METHODS: One landmark study prompted the initial hand search and identification of search terms. Twenty-three quantitative, five qualitative, and two mixed-methods studies were found in the urban planning, public health, medical, and psychological literature that met the following criteria: analyzed green space and violence as factors in the perception of safety as an outcome measure, including action taken by being outside for recreation, exercise, or self-report in the survey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313192/interventions-that-address-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-among-women-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Khiya J Marshall, Dawnovise N Fowler, Mikel L Walters, Amanda B Doreson
Recognizing the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive women and girls who are either at risk for or suffer from intimate partner violence (IPV) and the overlapping challenges posed by both public health issues, the White House established an Interagency Federal Working Group to address the intersection of both public health issues in 2012. We conducted this systematic review in response to the Working Group's charge to identify and describe interventions that address both IPV and HIV among women...
January 8, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310741/childhood-interpersonal-violence-and-adult-alcohol-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-disorders-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#15
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Carolyn E Sartor, Kimberly B Werner, Karestan C Koenen, Bridget F Grant, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment has been shown to increase lifetime risk for substance use disorders (SUD). However, this has not been systematically examined among race/ethnic groups, for whom rates of exposure to assaultive violence and SUD differ. This study examined variation by race/ethnicity and gender in associations of alcohol (AUD), cannabis (CUD), and tobacco (TUD) use disorders with three types of childhood interpersonal violence (cIPV): physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental violence...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306920/status-of-violence-in-a-selected-faculty-the-students-experience
#16
Mohammad Fathi, Arezoo Fallahi, Salar Sharifi, Shoaib Dehghani, Nazila Olyaei, Sina Valiee
The present study is aimed at examining the status of violence among the students of nursing, midwifery, and operating room. A self-reporting questionnaire with two sections of demographic characteristics and experience of violence was used. The data obtained were analyzed, using SPSS software. 58.7 percent of the students had a history of violence in the previous year. The maximum percentage of violence exposure belonged to the students of operating room (76.9%). The highest incidence of violence was verbal (76...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304164/influence-of-peer-support-on-hiv-sti-prevention-and-safety-amongst-international-migrant-sex-workers-a-qualitative-study-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#17
Belen Febres-Cordero, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Carmen Fernandez-Casanueva, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Shira M Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Migrant women engaged in precarious employment, such as sex work, frequently face pronounced social isolation alongside other barriers to health and human rights. Although peer support has been identified as a critical HIV and violence prevention intervention for sex workers, little is known about access to peer support or its role in shaping health and social outcomes for migrant sex workers. This article analyses the role of peer support in shaping vulnerability and resilience related to HIV/STI prevention and violence among international migrant sex workers at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303049/conducting-joint-interviews-with-couples-ethical-and-methodological-challenges
#18
Dana Zarhin
Scholars have recently begun to discuss joint interviewing from a methodological perspective, generally presenting a favorable view of this mode of interviewing. In the present article, the author draws on her experiences with interviewing obstructive sleep apnea patients and their partners to shed further light on the methodological and ethical challenges of joint interviews. Specifically, it is shown that joint interviews may become a site in which one partner silences the other and enacts symbolic violence, with the interviewer as unwilling abettor, or alternatively may facilitate passivity...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302843/a-bayesian-analysis-of-prenatal-maternal-factors-predicting-nonadherence-to-infant-hiv-medication-in-south-africa
#19
R R Cook, K Peltzer, S M Weiss, V J Rodriguez, D L Jones
While efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV been successful in some districts in South Africa, rates remain unacceptably high in others. This study utilized Bayesian logistic regression to examine maternal-level predictors of adherence to infant nevirapine prophylaxis, including intimate partner violence, maternal adherence, HIV serostatus disclosure reaction, recency of HIV diagnosis, and depression. Women (N = 303) were assessed during pregnancy and 6 weeks postpartum. Maternal adherence to antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy predicted an 80% reduction in the odds of infant nonadherence [OR 0...
January 4, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302173/in-women-s-eyes-key-barriers-to-women-s-access-to-hiv-treatment-and-a-rights-based-approach-to-their-sustained-well-being
#20
Luisa Orza, Emily Bass, Emma Bell, E Tyler Crone, Nazneen Damji, Sophie Dilmitis, Liz Tremlett, Nasra Aidarus, Jacqui Stevenson, Souhaila Bensaid, Calorine Kenkem, Gracia Violeta Ross, Elena Kudravtseva, Alice Welbourn
There is rightly a huge global effort to enable women living with HIV to have long productive lives, through treatment access. However, many women living with HIV experience violence against women (VAW), in both domestic and health care settings. The ways in which VAW might prevent treatment access and adherence for women has not to date been reviewed coherently at the global level, from women's own perspectives. Meanwhile, funding for global health care, including HIV treatment, is shrinking. To optimize women's health and know how best to optimize facilitators and minimize barriers to access and adherence, especially in this shrinking funding context, we need to understand more about these issues from women's own perspectives...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
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