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Chondrocyte transplant

Tahereh Javaheri, Zahra Kazemi, Jan Pencik, Ha Tt Pham, Maximilian Kauer, Rahil Noorizadeh, Barbara Sax, Harini Nivarthi, Michaela Schlederer, Barbara Maurer, Maximillian Hofbauer, Dave Nt Aryee, Marc Wiedner, Eleni M Tomazou, Malcolm Logan, Christine Hartmann, Jan P Tuckermann, Lukas Kenner, Mario Mikula, Helmut Dolznig, Aykut Üren, Günther H Richter, Florian Grebien, Heinrich Kovar, Richard Moriggl
Ewing sarcoma (ES) is the second most frequent childhood bone cancer driven by the EWS/FLI1 (EF) fusion protein. Genetically defined ES models are needed to understand how EF expression changes bone precursor cell differentiation, how ES arises and through which mechanisms of inhibition it can be targeted. We used mesenchymal Prx1-directed conditional EF expression in mice to study bone development and to establish a reliable sarcoma model. EF expression arrested early chondrocyte and osteoblast differentiation due to changed signaling pathways such as hedgehog, WNT or growth factor signaling...
October 13, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Anja Tschugg, Michael Diepers, Simone Steinert, Felix Michnacs, Sebastian Quirbach, Martin Strowitzki, Hans Jörg Meisel, Claudius Thomé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Kadir Buyukdogan, Mahmut Nedim Doral, Onur Bilge, Egemen Turhan, Gazi Huri, Mustafa Fevzi Sargon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the omentum, peritoneum, paratenon and skeletal muscle on the proliferation of the cartilage tissue using rabbit model as an in vivo culture medium. METHODS: 6 months old forty-five New Zealand rabbits were randomized into omentum, peritoneum, muscle, and Achilles paratenon groups. Standard sized osteochondral grafts were harvested from right knees and immediately placed into the specified tissues...
October 4, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Margot Den Hondt, Bart M Vanaudenaerde, Erik K Verbeken, Jan J Vranckx
BACKGROUND: Successful trachea transplantation comprises the use of biocompatible constructs with little immune-reactivity, submucosal revascularization and creation of an epithelial covering. Allogenic chondrocytes might be protected from an overt immune-response due to physical isolation. Our aim was to evaluate in-vivo biocompatibility of allotracheae, stripped of their highly-immunogenic inner lining. Secondly, we established whether these constructs might serve as suitable scaffolds for autologous epithelial grafting...
October 4, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Erika Daley, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole
PURPOSE: To compare the results of focal metallic resurfacing with biologic procedures in patients more than 35 years of age with isolated, full thickness defects of the femoral condyle. METHODS: A total of 61 patients met the selection criteria resulting in 30 patients treated with biological procedures, including debridement, microfracture, osteochondral autograft transplantation, osteochondral allograft, and autologous chondrocyte implantation (BIO group), and 32 patients treated with focal metallic resurfacing (CAP group)...
September 20, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Zhentao Man, Xiaoqing Hu, Zhenlong Liu, Hongjie Huang, Qingyang Meng, Xin Zhang, Linghui Dai, Jiying Zhang, Xin Fu, Xiaoning Duan, Chunyan Zhou, Yingfang Ao
Cartilage tissue engineering is the hotspot of cartilage repair. The allogenic chondrocytes appear to be a promising source of seed cells in cartilage tissue engineering. In this study, we aimed to transplant allogenic chondrocytes with chitosan hydrogel (CS)-demineralized bone matrix (DBM) hybrid scaffold (CS/DBM) to repair rabbit cartilage injury with one-step operation. After the CS/DBM scaffold was successfully fabricated, it showed that the porous CS filled the large pores of DBM, which improved the distribution of seed cells in the CS/DBM scaffold...
November 2016: Biomaterials
Dandan Yang, Shubin Chen, Changzhao Gao, Xiaobo Liu, Yulai Zhou, Pengfei Liu, Jinglei Cai
AIMS: The aim of this study was to improve a method that induce cartilage differentiation of human embryoid stem cells (hESCs) in vitro, and test the effect of in vivo environments on the further maturation of hESCs derived cells. MAIN METHODS: Embryoid bodies (EBs) formed from hESCs, with serum-free KSR-based medium and mesodermal specification related factors, CHIR, and Noggin for first 8days. Then cells were digested and cultured as micropellets in serum-free KSR-based chondrogenic medium that was supplemented with PDGF-BB, TGF β3, BMP4 in sequence for 24days...
September 12, 2016: Life Sciences
Winston W-Y Kao, Vivien J Coulson-Thomas
Mesenchymal stem cells isolated from connective tissues are pluripotent and differentiate into phenotypes of connective tissue cell lineages (osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes) in vitro and in vivo. They have been used to treat mouse models of connective tissue disease such as lumican-null (Lum) and mucopolysaccharidosis (Gusb) mice. Mesenchymal stem cells have unique immunosuppressive properties allowing evasion of host rejection; thus, they are valuable tools for cell therapy of congenital and acquired diseases involving immune dysfunction of multiple tissues including ocular surface tissues (cornea)...
November 2016: Cornea
Abdul-Rehman Phull, Seong-Hui Eo, Qamar Abbas, Madiha Ahmed, Song Ja Kim
Chondrocytes are the exclusive cells residing in cartilage and maintain the functionality of cartilage tissue. Series of biocomponents such as different growth factors, cytokines, and transcriptional factors regulate the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiation to chondrocytes. The number of chondrocytes and dedifferentiation are the key limitations in subsequent clinical application of the chondrocytes. Different culture methods are being developed to overcome such issues. Using tissue engineering and cell based approaches, chondrocytes offer prominent therapeutic option specifically in orthopedics for cartilage repair and to treat ailments such as tracheal defects, facial reconstruction, and urinary incontinence...
2016: BioMed Research International
Zhiye Li, Ruikai Ba, Zhifa Wang, Jianhua Wei, Yimin Zhao, Wei Wu
: : Craniofacial deformities caused by congenital defects or trauma remain challenges for clinicians, whereas current surgical interventions present limited therapeutic outcomes. Injection of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into the defect is highly desirable because such a procedure is microinvasive and grafts are more flexible to fill the lesions. However, preventing hypertrophic transition and morphological contraction remain significant challenges. We have developed an "all host derived" cell transplantation system composed of chondrocyte brick (CB)-enriched platelet-rich plasma (P) gel and BMSCs (B)...
September 14, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
David Robla Costales, Luis Junquera, Eva García Pérez, Sara Gómez Llames, María Álvarez-Viejo, Álvaro Meana-Infiesta
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were twofold: first, to evaluate the production of cartilaginous tissue in vitro and in vivo using a novel plasma-derived scaffold, and second, to test the repair of experimental defects made on ears of New Zealand rabbits (NZr) using this approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scaffolds were seeded with chondrocytes and cultured in vitro for 3 months to check in vitro cartilage production. To evaluate in vivo cartilage production, a chondrocyte-seeded scaffold was transplanted subcutaneously to a nude mouse...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Lenka Pavlistova, Silvia Izakova, Zuzana Zemanova, Lucie Bartuskova, Martina Langova, Pavlina Malikova, Kyra Michalova
BACKGROUND: Constitutional translocations between sex chromosomes are rather rare in humans with breakpoints at Xp11 and Yq11 as the most frequent. Breakpoints on the short arm of the Y chromosome form one subgroup of t(X;Y), giving rise to a derived chromosome with the centromeres of both the X and Y chromosomes, dic(X;Y). Here, we report a rare congenital chromosomal aberration, 46,X,dic(X;Y)(p22.33;p11.32)[20]/45,X[10], in an adult male. CASE PRESENTATION: Primary myelofibrosis, a malignant haematological disease, was diagnosed in a 63-year-old man following liver transplantation after hepatocellular carcinoma...
2016: Molecular Cytogenetics
Anja Tschugg, Michael Diepers, Steinert Simone, Felix Michnacs, Sebastian Quirbach, Martin Strowitzki, Hans Jörg Meisel, Claudius Thomé
NOVOCART(®) Disk plus, an autologous cell compound for autologous disk chondrocyte transplantation, was developed to reduce the degenerative sequel after lumbar disk surgery or to prophylactically avoid degeneration in adjacent disks, if present. The NDisc trial is an ongoing multi-center, randomized study with a sequential phase I study within the combined phase I/II trial with close monitoring of tolerability and safety. Twenty-four adult patients were randomized and treated with the investigational medicinal product NDisc plus or the carrier material only...
August 27, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Jonathan C Riboh, Annemarie K Tilton, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: Existing studies of autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) in adolescent patients have primarily reported outcomes that have not been validated for cartilage repair and have failed to include measures of general health or health-related quality of life. PURPOSE: This study assesses validated knee-specific functional outcomes and health-related quality of life after ACI in adolescent patients. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
August 26, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Carlo Tremolada, Valeria Colombo, Carlo Ventura
In the past few years, interest in adipose tissue as an ideal source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has increased. These cells are multipotent and may differentiate in vitro into several cellular lineages, such as adipocytes, chondrocytes, osteoblasts, and myoblasts. In addition, they secrete many bioactive molecules and thus are considered "mini-drugstores." MSCs are being used increasingly for many clinical applications, such as orthopedic, plastic, and reconstructive surgery. Adipose-derived MSCs are routinely obtained enzymatically from fat lipoaspirate as SVF and/or may undergo prolonged ex vivo expansion, with significant senescence and a decrease in multipotency, leading to unsatisfactory clinical results...
2016: Current Stem Cell Reports
Daniel Martinez Saez, Robson Tetsuo Sasaki, Adriana da Costa Neves, Marcelo Cavenaghi Pereira da Silva
Adult stem cells research has been considered the most advanced sort of medical-scientific research, particularly stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED), which represent an immature stem cell population. The purpose of this review is to describe the current knowledge concerning SHED from full-text scientific publications from 2003 to 2015, available in English language and based on the keyword and/or abbreviations 'stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED)', and individually presented as to the properties of SHED, immunomodulatory properties of SHED and stem cell banking...
August 20, 2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Aaron J Krych, Ayoosh Pareek, Alexander H King, Nick R Johnson, Michael J Stuart, Riley J Williams
PURPOSE: Optimal surgical treatment of chondral defects in an athletic population remains highly controversial and has yet to be determined. The purpose of this review was to (1) report data on return to sport and (2) compare activity and functional outcome measures following various cartilage restoration techniques. METHODS: A comprehensive review was performed for studies with return-to-sport outcomes after microfracture (MFX), osteochondral autograft transfer (OAT), osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA), and autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI)...
August 18, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Wichaya Sriuttha, Nantawat Uttamo, Apisek Kongkaew, Jongkolnee Settakorn, Suchanan Rattanasalee, Prachya Kongtawelert, Dumnoensun Pruksakorn, Peraphan Pothacharoen
Due to the inconvenient and invasive nature of chondrocyte transplantation, preserved cartilage has been recognized as an alternative source of chondrocytes for implantation. However, there are major concerns, in particular, the viability and quality of the chondrocytes. This study investigated the biochemistry and molecular characterization of chondrocytes isolated from preserved cartilage for purposes of transplantation. Ex vivo characterization was accomplished by storing human cartilage at either 4 or -80 °C in a preservation medium...
August 13, 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
Diana Maria Anastasiu, Ada Cean, Maria Florina Bojin, Adrian Gluhovschi, Carmen Panaitescu, Virgil Păunescu, Gabriela Tănăsie
In recent years, identification of new sources of adult stem cells developed rapidly, pursuing to find easily available tissues, which will give rise to homogenous stem cells populations. Up to present, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are unanimously considered to fulfill the criteria for being used in clinical settings, but adipose stem cells, placental and umbilical cord stem cells, and other tissue-derived stem cells are making their way to being used at least in autologous transplantation...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Yanli Fu, Jie Deng, Qingyuan Jiang, Yuan Wang, Yujing Zhang, Yunqi Yao, Fuyi Cheng, Xiaolei Chen, Fen Xu, Meijuan Huang, Yang Yang, Shuang Zhang, Dechao Yu, Robert Chunhua Zhao, Yuquan Wei, Hongxin Deng
BACKGROUND: Liver disease is a major cause of death worldwide. Orthotropic liver transplantation (OLT) represents the only effective treatment for patients with liver failure, but the increasing demand for organs is unfortunately so great that its application is limited. Hepatocyte transplantation is a promising alternative to OLT for the treatment of some liver-based metabolic disorders or acute liver failure. Unfortunately, the lack of donor livers also makes it difficult to obtain enough viable hepatocytes for hepatocyte-based therapies...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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