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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#1
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644925/does-low-body-mass-index-predict-the-hospital-mortality-of-adult-western-or-asian-patients
#2
Charlene Compher, Takashi Higashiguchi, Jianchun Yu, Gordon L Jensen
BACKGROUND: Some strategies for screening and assessment of malnutrition include a low but variable body mass index (BMI) cutoff, while others do not. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate published data for Western and Asian hospital samples to determine how the prevalence of low BMI is associated with increased hospital mortality. METHOD: A PubMed search of the past 10 years (2006-2016) was conducted with the terms "BMI," "malnutrition," "adult," "outcome," and "hospital" or "ICU" for articles published in English...
June 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643009/patient-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-of-microtia-reconstruction-using-autologous-cartilage
#3
Chunxiao Cui, Shim Yoon Hoon, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li, Yiyuan Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate patient perceptions of and satisfaction with surgical outcomes of microtia reconstruction using autologous cartilage. It also analyzes associations between patient background characteristics and their evaluation. METHODS: Lobule-type microtia patients who had received first-stage surgery were interviewed using a questionnaire, which included assessment of nine auricle substructures, superior and inferior parts and overall impression...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643007/the-role-of-lipofilling-after-breast-reconstruction-evaluation-of-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-with-breast-q
#4
Annalisa Cogliandro, Mauro Barone, Stefania Tenna, Marco Morelli Coppola, Paolo Persichetti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to measure patient satisfaction using the BREAST-Q reconstruction module in patients selected for lipofilling procedures after implant breast reconstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients who underwent breast reconstruction with or without delayed lipofilling were enrolled between 2011 and 2015, and they completed BREAST-Q surveys. We administered the questionnaire electronically 6 months and 1 year after surgery...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642674/an-automatic-3d-ct-pet-segmentation-framework-for-bone-marrow-proliferation-assessment
#5
Chuong Nguyen, Joseph Havlicek, Quyen Duong, Sara Vesely, Ronald Gress, Liza Lindenberg, Peter Choyke, Jennifer Holter Chakrabarty, Kirsten Williams
Clinical assessment of bone marrow is limited by an inability to evaluate the marrow space comprehensively and dynamically and there is no current method for automatically assessing hematopoietic activity within the medullary space. Evaluating the hematopoietic space in its entirety could be applicable in blood disorders, malignancies, infections, and medication toxicity. In this paper, we introduce a CT/PET 3D automatic framework for measurement of the hematopoietic compartment proliferation within osseous sites...
September 2016: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642015/convergent-and-unidirectional-evolution-of-extremely-long-aedeagi-in-the-largest-feather-mite-genus-proctophyllodes-acari-proctophyllodidae-evidence-from-comparative-molecular-and-morphological-phylogenetics
#6
Pavel B Klimov, Sergey V Mironov, Barry M OConnor
Proctophyllodid feather mites (400+ species) are permanent (full-time) symbionts commonly occurring on passerine birds. Phenotypic evolution of these mites appears to be greatly influenced by characters related to reproduction (>87.5% of a total of 32 taxonomically important discrete characters) and male genitalic characters (21.9%). Because sexual selection could the major evolutionary driver in this system, we test the theoretical expectation that genitalic or sexually dimorphic characters should evolve more rapidly and divergently then other characters...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641780/associations-of-maternal-prenatal-smoking-with-umbilical-cord-blood-hormones-the-project-viva-cohort
#7
Abby F Fleisch, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Lisa B Rokoff, Marie-France Hivert, Christos S Mantzoros, Emily Oken
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with low fetal growth and adverse cardiometabolic health in offspring. However, hormonal pathways underlying these associations are unclear. Therefore, we examined maternal smoking habits and umbilical cord blood hormone profiles in a large, prospective cohort. METHODS: We studied 978 mother/infant pairs in Project Viva, a Boston-area cohort recruited 1999-2002. We categorized mothers as early pregnancy smokers, former smokers, or never smokers...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641273/learning-and-recognition-of-clothing-genres-from-full-body-images
#8
Shintami C Hidayati, Chuang-Wen You, Wen-Huang Cheng, Kai-Lung Hua
According to the theory of clothing design, the genres of clothes can be recognized based on a set of visually differentiable style elements, which exhibit salient features of visual appearance and reflect high-level fashion styles for better describing clothing genres. Instead of using less-discriminative low-level features or ambiguous keywords to identify clothing genres, we proposed a novel approach for automatically classifying clothing genres based on the visually differentiable style elements. A set of style elements, that are crucial for recognizing specific visual styles of clothing genres, were identified based on the clothing design theory...
June 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640899/normative-3d-opto-electronic-stereo-photogrammetric-posture-and-spine-morphology-data-in-young-healthy-adult-population
#9
Moreno D'Amico, Edyta Kinel, Piero Roncoletta
Observational cross-sectional study. The current study aims to yield normative data: i.e., the physiological standard for 30 selected quantitative 3D parameters that accurately capture and describe a full-skeleton, upright-standing attitude. Specific and exclusive consideration was given to three distinct categories: postural, spine morphology and pelvic parameters. To capture such 3D parameters, the authors selected a non-ionising 3D opto-electronic stereo-photogrammetric approach. This required the identification and measurement of 27 body landmarks, each specifically tagged with a skin marker...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640772/the-effect-of-a-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-upper-body-muscular-strength-and-endurance
#10
James E Dunkin, Shaun M Phillips
Dunkin, JE and Phillips, SM. The effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1948-1953, 2017-Carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinsing rapidly increases corticomotor output and maximal muscle force production, which could enhance muscular strength and endurance during resistance exercise. However, previous research has found no effect of CHO rinsing on muscular strength or endurance. The current study altered the CHO rinse composition and frequency and the muscular endurance test to further investigate the effects of a CHO mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639707/dressings-and-topical-agents-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#11
REVIEW
Maggie J Westby, Jo C Dumville, Marta O Soares, Nikki Stubbs, Gill Norman
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, decubitus ulcers and pressure injuries, are localised areas of injury to the skin or the underlying tissue, or both. Dressings are widely used to treat pressure ulcers and promote healing, and there are many options to choose from including alginate, hydrocolloid and protease-modulating dressings. Topical agents have also been used as alternatives to dressings in order to promote healing.A clear and current overview of all the evidence is required to facilitate decision-making regarding the use of dressings or topical agents for the treatment of pressure ulcers...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639474/custom-rapid-prototype-thumb-prosthesis-for-partial-hand-amputation-a-case-report
#12
Ashley Quinn Swartz, Kristi Turner, Laura Miller, Todd Kuiken
BACKGROUND: Due to advancements in three-dimensional printing, custom-made prostheses are becoming more viable options for persons with difficult cases of prosthetic management. The purpose of this article was to develop a custom voluntary-closing, body-powered thumb mechanism for a partial-hand amputee who had amputations of the index finger and thumb on the left, non-dominant hand. Case description and methods: The prosthesis model was manufactured using rapid prototype technology and was developed to provide greater force and functionality, and to decrease overall size compared to traditional hand prostheses...
June 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638496/effect-of-early-follow-up-after-hospital-discharge-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-or-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Transitions in care can increase patients' vulnerability to adverse events. In particular, patients admitted for heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) have high rates of readmission and return emergency department visits. Heart failure patients have the highest 30-day readmission rates in Canada, and COPD patients comprise the highest volume of readmissions. Combined, these two conditions account for the largest number of emergency department returns...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638133/the-agenetic-body-prosthetics-or-the-new-promethean-ideal
#14
Cristina Lindenmeyer
In our rapidly changing world, we are often encouraged to treat our bodies as objects of constant improvement by means of various facilities and innovations. As part of this "Promethean tendency," the present-day alliance between medicine and technology has opened up a new perspective on the ill and disabled body, by providing access to sophisticated prosthetics that are increasingly seen as ideal remedies. These devices allow patients to benefit from previously unimaginable treatments and inestimable scientific advances, yet they also create new forms of dependency that go beyond simply forming a habit...
September 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637597/effects-of-lower-body-quadrant-neural-mobilization-in-healthy-and-low-back-pain-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Tiago Neto, Sandro R Freitas, Marta Marques, Luis Gomes, Ricardo Andrade, Raúl Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Neural mobilization (NM) is widely used to assess and treat several neuromuscular disorders. However, information regarding the NM effects targeting the lower body quadrant is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of NM techniques targeting the lower body quadrant in healthy and low back pain (LBP) populations. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials were included if any form of NM was applied to the lower body quadrant...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637448/vitamin-d-levels-and-deficiency-with-different-occupations-a-systematic-review
#16
Daniel Sowah, Xiangning Fan, Liz Dennett, Reidar Hagtvedt, Sebastian Straube
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent worldwide, but some groups are at greater risk. We aim to evaluate vitamin D levels in different occupations and identify groups vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: An electronic search conducted in Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text generated 2505 hits; 71 peer-reviewed articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Occupations investigated included outdoor and indoor workers, shiftworkers, lead/smelter workers, coalminers, and healthcare professionals...
June 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637189/assessment-of-whole-body-vibration-exposure-in-mining-earth-moving-equipment-and-other-vehicles-used-in-surface-mining
#17
Luz S Marin, Andres C Rodriguez, Estefany Rey-Becerra, Hugo Piedrahita, Lope H Barrero, Jack T Dennerlein, Peter W Johnson
This study characterized whole-body vibration exposures in a set of vehicles that operate in open-pit mines and compared three different daily exposure parameters based on the ISO 2631-1:1997 and ISO 2631-5:2004 standards. Full-shift, 6 to 12-hour, continuous whole-body vibration measurements were collected from 11 representative types of vehicles in terms of hours of operation and number of vehicles used. For each type of vehicle, the exposure parameters (A(8), VDV(8), and Sed(8)) were calculated for each axis (x, y, and z), and in addition, shear or horizontal (∑xy) and vector sum (∑xyx) whole-body vibration exposure...
June 20, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636559/resource-utilization-and-cost-saving-analysis-of-subcutaneous-versus-intravenous-trastuzumab-in-early-breast-cancer-patients
#18
Alberto Farolfi, Paolo Silimbani, Davide Gallegati, Elisabetta Petracci, Alessio Schirone, Mattia Altini, Carla Masini
We conducted an economic evaluation of intravenous (IV) vs subcutaneous (SC) trastuzumab for the treatment of patients with early breast cancer (EBC). Data of patients receiving adjuvant IV trastuzumab at our institute in 2014 were used to study three different treatment scenarios: 1) IV trastuzumab, 2) SC trastuzumab, and 3) IV trastuzumab during chemotherapy followed by SC trastuzumab. Our cohort included 114 patients with a median weight of 63.75 kg. Scenario 2 was the most time-saving treatment, with 71...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634702/rectus-abdominis-fat-transfer-raft-in-lipoabdominoplasty-a-new-technique-to-achieve-fitness-body-contour-in-patients-that-require-tummy-tuck
#19
Stefan Danilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to achieve a fit-look in lipoabdominoplasty patients through liposculpture and rectus abdominis fat transfer (RAFT). METHODS: Patients with a body mass index under 26 and of both genders scheduled for abdominoplasty or body lift were selected for this procedure. Fat was transferred directly to the rectus abdominis muscle after flap elevation during lipoabdominoplasty. RESULTS: A total of 26 patients were operated on with this technique...
June 20, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633788/fluoroscopic-and-gait-analyses-for-the-functional-performance-of%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-custom-made-total-talonavicular-replacement
#20
Claudio Belvedere, Matteo Cadossi, Antonio Mazzotti, Sandro Giannini, Alberto Leardini
The present study evaluated the restoration of joint function in a special clinical case: a professional rock climber who underwent an original total talonavicular replacement with a custom-made prosthesis after a complex articular fracture. Full body gait analysis and 3-dimensional joint kinematics using single-plane fluoroscopy were performed on the same day at the 30-month follow-up examination. Gait analysis was performed using stereophotogrammetric, dynamometric, electromyographic, and baropodometric systems...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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