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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813030/an-overview-of-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-lifestyle-modification-programs-for-weight-management-in-adults
#1
REVIEW
Alice W Y Leung, Ruth S M Chan, Mandy M M Sea, Jean Woo
This review aims to provide an overview of the factors associated with adherence reported in existing literature on lifestyle modification programs for weight management among the adult population. An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Medline, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLE to identify studies that examined the factors of adherence to lifestyle modification programs with explicit definition of adherence indicators. We identified 19 studies published between 2004 and 2016. The most commonly used indicator of adherence was attrition, followed by attendance, self-monitoring and dietary adherence...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812915/kardiovize-brno-2030-a-prospective-cardiovascular-health-study-in-central-europe-methods-baseline-findings-and-future-directions
#2
Narine K Movsisyan, Manlio Vinciguerra, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Šárka Kunzová, Martin Homolka, Jana Jaresova, Renata Cífková, Ondřej Sochor
Background Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent in Eastern and Central Europe, where the incidence is the highest in the world. The Kardiovize Brno 2030 study was designed as a prospective cohort study to investigate the complex relationships of cardiovascular disease and outcomes with a range of biological, psychosocial, environmental, behavioral, and economic factors in an urban population of the Czech Republic. Methods We randomly selected a 1% sample of the city of Brno residents aged 25-64 years stratified by sex and age...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811500/human-microcephaly-protein-rttn-interacts-with-stil-and-is-required-to-build-full-length-centrioles
#3
Hsin-Yi Chen, Chien-Ting Wu, Chieh-Ju C Tang, Yi-Nan Lin, Won-Jing Wang, Tang K Tang
Mutations in many centriolar protein-encoding genes cause primary microcephaly. Using super-resolution and electron microscopy, we find that the human microcephaly protein, RTTN, is recruited to the proximal end of the procentriole at early S phase, and is located at the inner luminal walls of centrioles. Further studies demonstrate that RTTN directly interacts with STIL and acts downstream of STIL-mediated centriole assembly. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated RTTN gene knockout in p53-deficient cells induce amplification of primitive procentriole bodies that lack the distal-half centriolar proteins, POC5 and POC1B...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810990/gait-and-functional-outcomes-for-young-active-males-with-traumatic-unilateral-transfemoral-limb-loss
#4
Caitlin E Mahon, Alison L Pruziner, Brad D Hendershot, Erik J Wolf, Benjamin J Darter, K Bo Foreman, Joseph B Webster
OBJECTIVE: Altered body structures that occur with the loss of a lower limb can impact mobility and quality of life. Specifically, biomechanical changes that result from wearing a prosthesis have been associated with an increased risk of falls or joint degeneration, as well as increased energy demands. While previous studies describing these outcomes are typically limited by number of outcome measures and/or small, diverse patient groups, recent military conflicts present a unique opportunity to collect outcomes from a relatively homogenous, active patient population with limb loss...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810981/thermoregulatory-response-to-exercise-after-exertional-heat-stroke
#5
Emmanuel Sagui, Sophie Beighau, Arnaud Jouvion, Julie Trichereau, Delphine Cornet, René Charles Berthelot, Frédéric Canini, Laurent Grélot
BACKGROUND: After one episode of exertional heat stroke (EHS), risk factors must be identified to determine the potential for subsequent episodes. One of these risk factors, core body temperature (Tco) kinetics during strenuous exercise, may be a surrogate marker suggestive of impaired thermoregulation. This study aimed to determine the kinetics of increases in Tco among military subjects who had a history of EHS. METHODS: Forty subjects (38 males, mean age 28.4 ± 4...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809837/protocol-for-assessing-the-relative-effects-of-environment-and-genetics-on-antler-and-body-growth-for-a-long-lived-cervid
#6
Eric S Michel, Emily B Flinn, Stephen Demarais, Bronson K Strickland, Guiming Wang, Chad M Dacus
Cervid phenotype can be placed into one of two categories: efficiency, which promotes survival over extravagant morphometric growth, and luxury, which promotes growth of large weaponry and body size. Populations of the same species display each phenotype depending on environmental conditions. Although antler and body size of male white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) varies by physiographic region in Mississippi, USA and is strongly correlated with regional variation in nutritional quality, the effects of population-level genetics from native stocks and previous re-stocking efforts cannot be disregarded...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808009/a-protein-complex-regulates-rna-processing-of-intronic-heterochromatin-containing-genes-in-arabidopsis
#7
Cheng-Guo Duan, Xingang Wang, Lingrui Zhang, Xiansong Xiong, Zhengjing Zhang, Kai Tang, Li Pan, Chuan-Chih Hsu, Huawei Xu, W Andy Tao, Heng Zhang, Jian-Kang Zhu
In several eukaryotic organisms, heterochromatin (HC) in the introns of genes can regulate RNA processing, including polyadenylation, but the mechanism underlying this regulation is poorly understood. By promoting distal polyadenylation, the bromo-adjacent homology (BAH) domain-containing and RNA recognition motif-containing protein ASI1 and the H3K9me2-binding protein EDM2 are required for the expression of functional full-length transcripts of intronic HC-containing genes in Arabidopsis Here we report that ASI1 and EDM2 form a protein complex in vivo via a bridge protein, ASI1-Immunoprecipitated Protein 1 (AIPP1), which is another RNA recognition motif-containing protein...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807781/engrailed-controls-epaxial-hypaxial-muscle-innervation-and-the-establishment-of-vertebrate-three-dimensional-mobility
#8
Mohi U Ahmed, Ashish K Maurya, Louise Cheng, Erika C Jorge, Frank R Schubert, Pascal Maire, M Albert Basson, Philip W Ingham, Susanne Dietrich
Chordates are characterised by contractile muscle on either side of the body that promotes movement by side-to-side undulation. In the lineage leading to modern jawed vertebrates (crown group gnathostomes), this system was refined: body muscle became segregated into distinct dorsal (epaxial) and ventral (hypaxial) components that are separately innervated by the medial and hypaxial motors column, respectively, via the dorsal and ventral ramus of the spinal nerves. This allows full three-dimensional mobility, which in turn was a key factor in their evolutionary success...
August 11, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807769/reduced-intensity-haploidentical-bone-marrow-transplantation-with-post-transplant-cyclophosphamide-for-solid-tumors-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients
#9
Nicolas J Llosa, Kenneth R Cooke, Allen Chen, Christopher Gamper, Orly Klein, Elias Zambidis, Brandon Luber, Gary Rosner, Nicholas Siegel, Mary Jo Holuba, Nancy Robey, Masanori Hayashi, Richard J Jones, Ephraim Fuchs, Matthias Holdhoff, David M Loeb, Heather J Symons
High risk, recurrent, or refractory solid tumors in pediatric, adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients have an extremely poor prognosis despite current intensive treatment regimens. We piloted an allogeneic bone marrow transplant (alloBMT) platform using a reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) and partially HLA-mismatched (haploidentical) related donors for this population of pediatric and AYA solid tumor patients. Sixteen patients received a fludarabine, cyclophosphamide (Cy), melphalan and low dose total body irradiation (TBI) RIC haploidentical BMT (haploBMT) followed by post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and sirolimus...
August 11, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806592/validation-of-simplified-centre-of-mass-models-during-gait-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke
#10
Andrew H Huntley, Alison Schinkel-Ivy, Anthony Aqui, Avril Mansfield
BACKGROUND: The feasibility of using a multiple segment (full-body) kinematic model in clinical gait assessment is difficult when considering obstacles such as time and cost constraints. While simplified gait models have been explored in healthy individuals, no such work to date has been conducted in a stroke population. The aim of this study was to quantify the errors of simplified kinematic models for chronic stroke gait assessment. METHODS: Sixteen individuals with chronic stroke (>6months), outfitted with full body kinematic markers, performed a series of gait trials...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805602/laparoendoscopic-single-site-myomectomy-using-conventional-laparoscopic-instruments-and-glove-port-technique-four-years-experience-in-109-cases
#11
Szu-Yu Chen, Bor-Ching Sheu, Su-Cheng Huang, Wen-Chun Chang
OBJECTIVE: To report a single surgeon's experience with 109 laparoendoscopic single-site myomectomy (LESS-M) using conventional laparoscopic instruments and a homemade glove port system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 109 consecutive women who underwent LESS-M between March 2011 and April 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: The mean age and body mass index were 38.3 ± 6.5 years and 22.1 ± 3.0 kg/m(2). The mean diameter of the largest myoma and the mean number of myomas were 8...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803520/probable-rivaroxaban-induced-full-body-rash-a-case-report
#12
Evan Sasson, Marian James, Mark Russell, Darko Todorov, Henry Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Rivaroxaban is a novel oral anticoagulant with several indications, one of which is for stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. We present a case of probable rivaroxaban-induced rash. CASE SUMMARY: A 79-year-old female with a medical history of atrial fibrillation experienced a stroke, after which she was prescribed rivaroxaban 20 mg. After several days, she developed a rash requiring admission to the emergency department and several days of treatment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802108/do-environmental-factors-affect-male-fathead-minnow-pimephales-promelas-response-to-estrone-part-2-temperature-and-food-availability
#13
N W Shappell, D J Feifarek, D C Rearick, S E Bartell, H L Schoenfuss
Fish are subject to constantly changing environmental conditions and food availability, factors that may impact their response to endocrine disruptors (EDs). This may, in part, explain outcome discrepancies between field studies and laboratory exposures to EDs. This study assessed whether standard laboratory conditions for fish exposures adequately represent effects of ED exposure at two environmentally realistic temperatures. The impact of temperature and food availability on male fathead minnow response to estrone (E1) exposure was studied in two experiments (3×2×2 factorial design) with three E1 concentrations (range 0-135ng/L); two temperatures (18°C and 26°C, the latter the prescribed laboratory temperature), and two feeding treatments (full fed vs...
August 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800546/mr-based-respiratory-and-cardiac-motion-correction-for-pet-imaging
#14
Thomas Küstner, Martin Schwartz, Petros Martirosian, Sergios Gatidis, Ferdinand Seith, Christopher Gilliam, Thierry Blu, Hadi Fayad, Dimitris Visvikis, F Schick, B Yang, H Schmidt, N F Schwenzer
PURPOSE: To develop a motion correction for Positron-Emission-Tomography (PET) using simultaneously acquired magnetic-resonance (MR) images within 90 s. METHODS: A 90 s MR acquisition allows the generation of a cardiac and respiratory motion model of the body trunk. Thereafter, further diagnostic MR sequences can be recorded during the PET examination without any limitation. To provide full PET scan time coverage, a sensor fusion approach maps external motion signals (respiratory belt, ECG-derived respiration signal) to a complete surrogate signal on which the retrospective data binning is performed...
August 3, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800405/neonatal-weight-matters-an-examination-of-weight-changes-in-full-term-breastfeeding-newborns-during-the-first-2-weeks-of-life
#15
Diane DiTomasso, Andrea L Paiva
BACKGROUND: Weight changes in the early weeks of life are important indicators of newborn wellness. Yet, little is known about weight loss patterns for breastfeeding newborns. Research aim: This study aimed to compare weight changes and exclusive breastfeeding rates in newborns who lost ≤ 7% and > 7% of their body weight after birth. METHODS: A prospective, observational cohort study was completed. Newborns who lost ≤ 7% made up Group 1 and newborns who lost > 7% of birth weight made up Group 2...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799866/proprioception-and-flexibility-profiles-of-elite-synchronized-swimmers
#16
Nora M Y Cho, Hedda P Giorgi, Karen P Y Liu, Young-Hyeon Bae, Louisa M Y Chung, Kitchana Kaewkaen, Shirley S M Fong
This study compared the full-body flexibility and joint proprioception (on land and underwater) of (a) 20 elite female synchronized swimmers (mean age ± standard deviation = 18.5 ± 1.9 years) and (b) 20 college female swim team members with no training in synchronized swimming (control participants; mean age ± standard deviation = 20.6 ± 1.3 years). Flexibility of the trunk and upper and lower limbs was measured using plastic tape and a goniometer, respectively. Joint proprioception (joint position sense) of the upper and lower limbs on land and underwater was measured by an active joint angle repositioning test...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799344/stable-isomers-and-electronic-vibrational-and-optical-properties-of-ws2-nano-clusters-a-first-principles-study
#17
Roohollah Hafizi, S Javad Hashemifar, Mojtaba Alaei, MohammadReza Jangrouei, Hadi Akbarzadeh
In this paper, we employ an evolutionary algorithm along with the full-potential density functional theory (DFT) computations to perform a comprehensive search for the stable structures of stoichiometric (WS2)n nano-clusters (n = 1 - 9), within three different exchange-correlation functionals. Our results suggest that n = 5 and 8 are possible candidates for the low temperature magic sizes of WS2 nano-clusters while at temperatures above 500 Kelvin, n = 7 exhibits a comparable relative stability with n = 8. The electronic properties and energy gap of the lowest energy isomers were computed within several schemes, including semilocal Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof and Becke-Lee-Yang-Parr functionals, hybrid B3LYP functional, many body based DFT+GW approach, ΔSCF method, and time dependent DFT calculations...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796864/individualized-adaptive-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-liver-tumors-in-patients-at-high-risk-for-liver-damage-a-phase-2-clinical-trial
#18
Mary Feng, Krithika Suresh, Matthew J Schipper, Latifa Bazzi, Edgar Ben-Josef, Martha M Matuszak, Neehar D Parikh, Theodore H Welling, Daniel Normolle, Randall K Ten Haken, Theodore S Lawrence
Importance: Patients with preexisting liver dysfunction could benefit the most from personalized therapy for liver tumors to balance maximal tumor control and minimal risk of liver failure. We designed an individualized adaptive trial testing the hypothesis that adapting treatment based on change in liver function could optimize the therapeutic index for each patient. Objective: To characterize the safety and efficacy of individualized adaptive stereotactic body radiotherapy (SRBT) for liver tumors in patients who have preexisting liver dysfunction...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795775/interventions-to-reduce-perceived-stress-among-graduate-students-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#19
Susan B Stillwell, Amber L Vermeesch, Jane G Scott
BACKGROUND: Stress is a part of daily life for graduate students, including graduate nursing students. Contemporary graduate nursing students are facing unprecedented challenges to meet rigorous academic standards as they prepare for their advanced professional role to meet the demands of the nation's complex and ever-changing healthcare system. Empowering graduate nursing students to ease their perceived stress and minimize undesirable health effects may benefit their capacity to adapt and successfully manage perceived stress in their future healthcare role...
August 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795672/-effects-of-three-different-concentrations-of-hypertonic-sodium-salt-resuscitation-on-liver-injury-of-rats-at-the-early-stage-of-severe-burned
#20
Congsong Sun, Jiping Zhou, Chunyu Yuan, Yexiang Sun, Xulin Chen, Fei Wang, Qiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of three different concentrations of hypertonic sodium salt (HS) resuscitation on liver injury of rats at the early stage of severe burned. METHODS: 104 female Sprage-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham group (n = 8), lactated Ringer solution (LR) group (n = 24), 600, 800, 1 000 mmol/L HS groups (HS600, HS800, and HS1000 groups, n = 24). Rats in LR group and HS groups were subjected to full-thickness scald with 30% total body surface area (TBSA), and then given liquid resuscitation treatment with LR and the corresponding HS...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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