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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530830/singlet-triplet-gaps-through-incremental-full-configuration-interaction
#1
Paul M Zimmerman
The method of increments is herein applied to produce accurate singlet-triplet gaps in a variety of challenging polyatomic systems involving main group elements. This strategy computes incremental Full Configuration Interaction (iFCI) energies for the two spin states in a size-extensive -body expansion. iFCI avoids exponential costs when is small, and thus is dependent on choice of reference function to maintain good accuracy at polynomial cost. The new algorithm presented in this article therefore employs a high-spin perfect pairing reference to capture the major qualities of the singlet and triplet wave functions at = 0...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530489/optimizing-calf-muscle-pump-function
#2
Christopher R Lattimer, Claude Franceschi, Evi Kalodiki
Background The tip toe manoeuvre has been promoted as the gold standard plethysmography test for measuring calf muscle pump function. The aim was to compare the tip toe manoeuvre, dorsiflexion manoeuvre and a body weight transfer manoeuvre using the ejection fraction of air-plethysmography and evaluate which has the best pumping effect. Methods Sixty-six archived tracings on 22 legs were retrieved from an air-plethysmography workshop and analysed. Pumping performance was measured using the calf volume reduction after each manoeuvre...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530430/subjective-social-status-life-course-ses-and-bmi-in-young-adulthood
#3
Matt Bradshaw, Blake Victor Kent, W Matthew Henderson, Anna Catherine Setar
OBJECTIVE: Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with many aspects of health and well-being, including body mass index (BMI). Most research in this area has focused on objective indicators of SES such as education and income, but recent work suggests that subjective social status (SSS) is also important. This study contributes to a growing body of research on SSS and BMI. METHOD: Data from Waves I and IV the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a study of 14,780 individuals followed from adolescence to young adulthood, were analyzed...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529496/treatment-of-the-mal-de-debarquement-syndrome-a-1-year-follow-up
#4
Mingjia Dai, Bernard Cohen, Catherine Cho, Susan Shin, Sergei B Yakushin
The mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) is a movement disorder, occurring predominantly in women, is most often induced by passive transport on water or in the air (classic MdDS), or can occur spontaneously. MdDS likely originates in the vestibular system and is unfamiliar to many physicians. The first successful treatment was devised by Dai et al. (1), and over 330 MdDS patients have now been treated. Here, we report the outcomes of 141 patients (122 females and 19 males) treated 1 year or more ago. We examine the patient's rocking frequency, body drifting, and nystagmus...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529330/dietary-medium-chain-saturated-fatty-acids-induce-gene-expression-of-energy-metabolism-related-pathways-in-adipose-tissue-of-abdominally-obese-subjects
#5
J C Matualatupauw, M Bohl, S Gregersen, K Hermansen, L A Afman
BACKGROUND: Dietary medium-chain saturated fatty acids (MC-SFAs) have been shown to reduce total body fat. Previously, we showed that MC-SFAs prevent body fat accumulation, despite weight gain. Here, we aim to explore potential molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effect of MC-SFAs on body fat gain. METHODS: The DairyHealth study examined the long-term effects of milk protein and milk fat with a low or high content of MC-SFA. In this 12 week, randomized, double-blind, diet intervention study, participants consumed 60 g milk protein (whey or casein) and 63 g milk fat (high MC-SFA or low MC-SFA) daily in a 2 by 2 factorial design...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#6
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527802/abrupt-weaning-reduces-postweaning-growth-and-is-associated-with-alterations-in-gastrointestinal-markers-of-development-in-dairy-calves-fed-an-elevated-plane-of-nutrition-during-the-preweaning-period
#7
M A Steele, J H Doelman, L N Leal, F Soberon, M Carson, J A Metcalf
The benefits of feeding elevated quantities of milk to dairy calves have been well established. However, there is a reluctance to adopt this method of feeding in commercial dairy production because of concerns around growth, health, and ruminal development during weaning. The objective of this study was to characterize the effect of an abrupt (0 d step-down) or gradual (12 d step-down) feeding scheme when calves are fed an elevated plane of nutrition (offered 1.35 kg of milk replacer/d). For this experiment, a total of 54 calves were randomly assigned to an abrupt or a gradual weaning protocol before weaning at 48 d of life...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527756/radiological-lumbar-stenosis-severity-predicts-worsening-sagittal-malalignment-on-full-body-standing-stereoradiographs
#8
Aaron J Buckland, Subaraman Ramchandran, Louis Day, Shay Bess, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Peter G Passias, Bassel G Diebo, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Akhila Sure, Thomas J Errico
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patients with degenerative lumbar stenosis (DLS) adopt a forward flexed posture in an attempt to decompress neural elements. The relationship between sagittal alignment and severity of lumbar stenosis has not previously been studied. PURPOSE: We hypothesized that patients with increasing radiological severity of lumbar stenosis will exhibit worsening sagittal alignment. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Our sample consists of patients who have DLS...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526219/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-muscular-strength-as-mediators-of-the-influence-of-fatness-on-academic-achievement
#9
Antonio García-Hermoso, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Jordi Olloquequi, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To examine the combined association of fatness and physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness [CRF] and muscular strength) with academic achievement, and to determine whether CRF and muscular strength are mediators of the association between fatness and academic achievement in a nationally representative sample of adolescents from Chile. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained for a sample of 36 870 adolescents (mean age, 13.8 years; 55.2% boys) from the Chilean System for the Assessment of Educational Quality test for eighth grade in 2011, 2013, and 2014...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525979/the-association-between-lunar-phase-and-intracranial-aneurysm-rupture-myth-or-reality-own-data-and-systematic-review
#10
Adomas Bunevicius, Agne Gendvilaite, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Arimantas Tamasauskas
BACKGROUND: It is a common belief in medical community that lunar phases have an impact on human health. A growing body of evidence indicates that lunar phases can predict the risk to develop acute neurological and vascular disorders. The goal of present report was to present our institution data and to perform systematic review of studies examining the association of intracranial aneurysm rupture with moon phases. METHODS: We identified all patients admitted to our department for ruptured intracranial aneurysms in a period between November, 2011 and December, 2014...
May 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525321/characteristics-of-the-life-habits-of-obese-students-at-one-of-japan-s-national-colleges-of-technology
#11
Yoshinori Nagasawa, Shin-Ichi Demura, Shigeru Shimada
Aim This study clarified the characteristics of life habits of obese Japanese male students at the National Colleges of Technology, Japan. Materials and methods Healthy students aged 15-19 years answered a questionnaire containing 21 items on the following five categories of life habits: general exercise, meals, sleeping, leisure activity and illness or injury history. The subjects were divided into three groups based on the criteria of body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (%BF): non-obese (%BF < 20%, n = 420), overweight obese (%BF ≥ 20% and BMI ≥ 25, n = 99), and hidden obese (%BF ≥ 20% and BMI < 25, n = 60)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524735/predictors-of-gestational-weight-gain-among-chilean-pregnant-women-the-chilean-maternal-and-infant-nutrition-cohort-study
#12
Maria Luisa Garmendia, Susana Mondschein, Omar Matus, Ruth Murrugarra, Ricardo Uauy
We identified factors associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) in 1,654 Chilean pregnant women with full-term pregnancies. At baseline, we collected information about sociodemographic, gyneco-obstetric, anthropometric, and health care-related factors. We found that pre-pregnancy nutritional body mass index (BMI) was the most important factor related to GWG above recommendations (overweight: RRR = 2.31, 95% CI (1.73, 3.09) and obesity: RRR = 2.90, 95% CI (2.08, 4.03)). We believe that women who are overweight/obese at the beginning of pregnancy should be identified because of their higher risk and that adequate strategies should be designed and implemented to help them achieve a healthy GWG...
May 19, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522788/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-morbidly-obese-patients
#13
Piotr Major, Aleksandra Kowalczuk, Michał Wysocki, Sonia Osadnik, Michał Pędziwiatr, Anna Głuszewska, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Anna Lasek, Michał Kisielewski, Andrzej Budzyński
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data of patients operated for morbid obesity who were qualified for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass (LRYGB). Risk factors for wyłączecardiovascular diseases were assessed with the SCORE scale and both full and hard Framingham cardiovascular risk scores (FCRs)...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522051/naked-and-vulnerable-the-ethics-of-chaperoning-full-body-skin-examinations
#14
Radhika Grandhi, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521951/validation-of-the-anybody-full-body-musculoskeletal-model-in-computing-lumbar-spine-loads-at-l4l5-level
#15
Tito Bassani, Elena Stucovitz, Zhihui Qian, Matteo Briguglio, Fabio Galbusera
In the panorama of available musculoskeletal modeling software, AnyBody software is a commercial tool that provides a full body musculoskeletal model which is increasingly exploited by numerous researchers worldwide. In this regard, model validation becomes essential to guarantee the suitability of the model in representing the simulated system. When focusing on lumbar spine, the previous works aimed at validating the AnyBody model in computing the intervertebral loads held several limitations, and a comprehensive validation is to be considered as lacking...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521576/rethinking-the-foam-cosmesis-for-people-with-lower-limb-absence
#16
Nicola Cairns, Jonathan Corney, Kevin Murray, Karena Moore-Millar, Gillian D Hatcher, Saeed Zahedi, Richard Bradbury, Joe McCarthy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A recent survey of people with lower limb absence revealed that patients' satisfaction with their foam cosmesis is lower than desired. The aim of this project was to improve the lifelike appearance, functionality and durability of the cosmesis through a user-centred design methodology. TECHNIQUE: Concept development and prototyping led to a new cosmesis design which features a cut-out located at the knee, inserted with an artificial patella made of a more rigid foam...
May 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521569/exploring-the-biochemistry-of-the-prenylome-and-its-role-in-disease-through-proteomics-progress-and-potential
#17
Maura Brioschi, Alma Martinez Fernandez, Cristina Banfi
Protein prenylation is a ubiquitous covalent post-translational modification characterized by the addition of farnesyl or geranylgeranyl isoprenoid groups to a cysteine residue located near the carboxyl terminal of a protein. It is essential for the proper localization and cellular activity of numerous proteins, including Ras family GTPases and G-proteins. In addition to its roles in cellular physiology, the prenylation process has important implications in human diseases and in the recent years, it has become attractive target of inhibitors with therapeutic potential...
May 18, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515885/evaluating-morphometric-and-metabolic-markers-of-body-condition-in-a-small-cetacean-the-harbor-porpoise-phocoena-phocoena
#18
Joanna L Kershaw, Meredith Sherrill, Nicholas J Davison, Andrew Brownlow, Ailsa J Hall
Mammalian body condition is an important individual fitness metric as it affects both survival and reproductive success. The ability to accurately measure condition has key implications for predicting individual and population health, and therefore monitoring the population-level effects of changing environments. No consensus currently exists on the best measure to quantitatively estimate body condition in many species, including cetaceans. Here, two measures of body condition were investigated in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514941/effects-of-marker-density-and-population-structure-on-the-genomic-prediction-accuracy-for-growth-trait-in-pacific-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei
#19
Quanchao Wang, Yang Yu, Jianbo Yuan, Xiaojun Zhang, Hao Huang, Fuhua Li, Jianhai Xiang
BACKGROUND: Due to the great advantages in selection accuracy and efficiency, genomic selection (GS) has been widely studied in livestock, crop and aquatic animals. Our previous study based on one full-sib family of Litopenaeus vannamei (L. vannamei) showed that GS was feasible in penaeid shrimp. However, the applicability of GS might be influenced by many factors including heritability, marker density and population structure etc. Therefore it is necessary to evaluate the major factors affecting the prediction ability of GS in shrimp...
May 17, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512589/a-case-of-early-disseminated-neurological-lyme-disease-followed-by-atypical-cutaneous-manifestations
#20
Vamsi Kantamaneni, Vikas Sunder, Mohammad Bilal, Scott Vargo
Lyme disease (LD) is a tick-borne illness caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. An 80-year-old female from Pennsylvania, USA, presented to an outside hospital with fever, confusion, lower extremity weakness, and stool incontinence. CT head and MRI spine were unremarkable. An infectious work-up including lumbar puncture was negative. She was transferred to our tertiary care hospital. Patient was noted to have mild unilateral right-sided facial droop and a diffuse macular rash throughout the body. She denied any outdoor activities, tick bites, or previous rash...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
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