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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437555/polymorphisms-of-alui-and-hin1i-loci-of-the-igf-1r-gene-and-their-genetic-effects-on-growth-traits-in-bian-chickens
#1
P F Wu, D Wang, C F Jin, X Q Zhang, H Q Wu, L Zhang, F X Ding, K Z Xie, G X Zhang
Growth traits are important economic traits in broiler chicken production. AluI and Hin1I loci are two restriction sites, which are respectively located in exons 2 and 3 of the IGF-1R gene. These two loci are significantly related to the growth traits in Jinghai Yellow chickens. In this study, a correlation analysis was performed between these two loci and the growth traits of Bian chickens. The results showed a G376A mutation at the AluI site and a C919A mutation at the Hin1I site, which respectively resulted in three genotypes AA, AB, and BB in exon 2 and three genotypes CC, CD, and DD in exon 3...
April 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437486/prediction-of-crime-occurrence-from-multi-modal-data-using-deep-learning
#2
Hyeon-Woo Kang, Hang-Bong Kang
In recent years, various studies have been conducted on the prediction of crime occurrences. This predictive capability is intended to assist in crime prevention by facilitating effective implementation of police patrols. Previous studies have used data from multiple domains such as demographics, economics, and education. Their prediction models treat data from different domains equally. These methods have problems in crime occurrence prediction, such as difficulty in discovering highly nonlinear relationships, redundancies, and dependencies between multiple datasets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437452/enhanced-antibacterial-metabolite-production-through-the-application-of-statistical-methodologies-by-a-streptomyces-nogalater-niist-a30-isolated-from-western-ghats-forest-soil
#3
Jubi Jacob, Reshma Uma Rajendran, Syama Hari Priya, Jayamurthy Purushothaman, Dileep Kumar Bhaskaran Nair Saraswathy Amma
Streptomyces strains isolated from Nelliyampathy forest soil of Western Ghats, Kerala, India were evaluated for their antibacterial efficacy against two indicator pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus). Among 140 strains tested, sixteen recorded potent antibacterial properties and were further screened against eleven bacterial pathogens. A strain identified as Streptomyces nogalater and designated as NIIST A30 exhibited maximum inhibition against all the test pathogens. Among the eight fermentation media tested, inorganic salts starch broth recorded the best for antibacterial production...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437156/development-of-a-taqman-based-real-time-pcr-assay-for-rapid-and-specific-detection-of-fowl-aviadenovirus-serotype-4
#4
Jianchang Wang, Jinfeng Wang, Ping Chen, Libing Liu, Wanzhe Yuan
Twelve serotypes of fowl aviadenovirus, namely, FAdV-(1-8a and 8b-11), have been identified, among which FAdV-4 is the aetiologic agent of hepatitis hydropericardium syndrome (HHS) in chickens. Outbreaks of HHS have been documented in many countries, causing significant economic losses. Real-time PCR methods described so far in the literature cross-detect different serotypes of FAdVs. In this study, we aimed to develop a TaqMan-based real-time PCR assay for the specific detection of FAdV-4. A pair of primers targeting the hexon gene and a TaqMan probe were designed...
June 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437124/marijuana-and-tobacco-cigarettes-estimating-their-behavioral-economic-relationship-using-purchasing-tasks
#5
Erica N Peters, Zachary R Rosenberry, Gillian L Schauer, Kevin E O'Grady, Patrick S Johnson
Although marijuana and tobacco are commonly coused, the nature of their relationship has not been fully elucidated. Behavioral economics has characterized the relationship between concurrently available commodities but has not been applied to marijuana and tobacco couse. U.S. adults ≥18 years who coused marijuana and tobacco cigarettes were recruited via Mechanical Turk, a crowdsourcing service by Amazon. Participants (N = 82) completed online purchasing tasks assessing hypothetical marijuana or tobacco cigarette puff consumption across a range of per-puff prices; 2 single-commodity tasks assessed these when only 1 commodity was available, and 2 cross-commodity tasks assessed these in the presence of a concurrently available fixed-price commodity...
April 24, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437119/synthesis-of-naphthoquinolizinones-through-rh-iii-catalyzed-double-c-sp-2-h-bond-carbenoid-insertion-and-annulation-of-2-aryl-3-cyanopyridines-with-%C3%AE-diazo-carbonyl-compounds
#6
Beibei Zhang, Bin Li, Xinying Zhang, Xuesen Fan
An unprecedented Rh(III)-catalyzed double C(sp(2))-H bond carbenoid insertion and annulation of 2-aryl-3-cyanopyridines with α-diazo carbonyl compounds is presented. Through this cascade reaction, a series of naphthoquinolizinone derivatives with a large π-system were efficiently prepared. The reactions could selectively afford naphthoquinolizinones with either an amine or an amide unit attached on the 11-position depending on the nature of the solvent and the additive used. Compared with literature methods, this is a more efficient, convenient, and atom-economic way to provide polycyclic heteroaromatic compounds through direct π-extension of simple aromatics via inert C-H bond activation and functionalization...
April 24, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436977/provision-of-long-term-monitoring-and-late-effects-services-following-adult-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-a-survey-of-uk-nhs-based-programmes
#7
A Hamblin, D M Greenfield, M Gilleece, N Salooja, M Kenyon, E Morris, N Glover, P Miller, H Braund, A Peniket, B E Shaw, J A Snowden
Despite international guidelines, optimal delivery models of late effects (LE) services for HSCT patients are unclear from the clinical, organizational and economic viewpoints. To scope current LE service delivery models within the UK NHS (National Health Service), in 2014, we surveyed the 27 adult allogeneic HSCT centres using a 30-question online tool, achieving a 100% response rate. Most LE services were led and delivered by senior physicians (>80% centres). Follow-up was usually provided in a dedicated allograft or LE clinic for the first year (>90% centres), but thereafter attrition meant that only ~50% of patients were followed after 5 years...
April 24, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436483/itraq-based-proteomic-analysis-reveals-key-proteins-affecting-muscle-growth-and-lipid-deposition-in-pigs
#8
Zhixiu Wang, Peng Shang, Qinggang Li, Liyuan Wang, Yangzom Chamba, Bo Zhang, Hao Zhang, Changxin Wu
Growth rate and meat quality, two economically important traits in pigs, are controlled by multiple genes and biological pathways. In the present study, we performed a proteomic analysis of longissimus dorsi muscle from six-month-old pigs from two Chinese native mini-type breeds (TP and DSP) and two introduced western breeds (YY and LL) using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ). In total, 4,815 peptides corresponding to 969 proteins were detected. Comparison of expression patterns between TP-DSP and YY-LL revealed 288 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), of which 169 were up-regulated and 119 were down-regulated...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436458/development-of-a-fluorescent-asfv-strain-that-retains-the-ability-to-cause-disease-in-swine
#9
Manuel V Borca, Vivian O'Donnell, Lauren G Holinka, Brent Sanford, Paul A Azzinaro, Guillermo R Risatti, Douglas P Gladue
African swine fever is a contagious and often lethal disease for domestic pigs with a significant economic impact for the swine industry. The etiological agent, African swine fever virus (ASFV), is a highly structurally complex double stranded DNA virus. No effective vaccines or antiviral treatment are currently commercially available. We present here the development of a strain of ASFV that has been shown to retain its ability to cause disease in swine, efficiently replicate in swine macrophage and that is fluorescently tagged...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436455/the-impact-of-gold-mining-and-agricultural-concessions-on-the-tree-cover-and-local-communities-in-northern-myanmar
#10
Sarah Papworth, Madhu Rao, Myint Myint Oo, Kyaw Thinn Latt, Robert Tizard, Thomas Pienkowski, L Roman Carrasco
Myanmar offers unique opportunities for both biodiversity conservation and foreign direct investment due to projected economic growth linked to natural resource exploitation. Industrial-scale development introduces new land uses into the landscape, with unknown repercussions for local communities and biodiversity conservation. We use participatory mapping of 31 communities, focus groups in 28 communities, and analyses of forest cover change during 2000-2010 using MODIS vegetation continuous fields images, to understand the social and environmental impacts of gold mining and agricultural concessions in Myanmar's Hukaung Valley (~21,800 km(2))...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436379/economic-analysis-of-4221-revisions-due-to-periprosthetic-joint-infection-in-poland
#11
Ireneusz Babiak, Piotr Pędzisz, Jakub Janowicz, Mateusz Kulig, Paweł Małdyk
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most severe complications of total hip (THA) and total knee (TKA) arthroplasty. The aim of the study is to determine the number and type of hip and knee prosthesis revisions in Poland performed due to infection and reimbursement of the cost of septic revisions and to compare the costs of septic and aseptic revisions in Poland and other countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data published for the period 2009-2013 by the National Health Fund (NHF) were analysed and the average cost of septic and aseptic revisions was calculated...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436336/cardiovascular-screening-of-young-athletes-a-review-of-economic-evaluations
#12
Sophie Gerkens, Hans Van Brabandt, Anja Desomer, Christian Leonard, Mattias Neyt
OBJECTIVES: Some experts have promoted preparticipative cardiovascular screening programs for young athletes and have claimed that such programs were cost-effective without performing a critical analysis of studies supporting this statement. In this systematic review, a critical assessment of economic evaluations on these programs is performed to determine if they really provide value for money. METHODS: A systematic review of economic evaluations was performed on December 24, 2014...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436333/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-infection-in-pakistan-current-estimate-and-major-risk-factors
#13
Aiman Arshad, Usman Ali Ashfaq
In Pakistan, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major healthcare problem, with acute and chronic infections responsible for liver damage, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Under the Human Development Index of the United Nations, Pakistan is ranked 134th of 174 countries due to its poor educational and health standards. This study was designed to study HCV and its genotype prevalence in different cities and provinces of Pakistan and describe the major routes of HCV transmission. Literature searches were performed in PubMed, Mendeley, and Google Scholar...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436293/food-insecurity-and-depression-among-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#14
Joshua Montgomery, Juan Lu, Scott Ratliff, Briana Mezuk
Purpose While both food insecurity and depression have been linked to risk of type 2 diabetes, little is known about the relationship between food insecurity and depression among adults with diabetes. Research Design and Methods Cross-sectional analyses of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014), a nationally representative, population-based survey. Analytic sample was limited to adults aged ≥20 with diabetes determined by either fasting plasma glucose (≥126 mg/dL) or self-report (n = 1724) and adults age ≥20 with prediabetes determined by fasting plasma glucose (100-125 mg/dL) or self-report (n = 2004)...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436256/clinical-and-economic-impact-of-hyperkalemia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-heart-failure
#15
Michael Polson, Todd C Lord, Anne Kangethe, Lindsay Speicher, Carolyn Farnum, Melanie Brenner, Nina Oestreicher, Paula Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia (HK) is a concern for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure (HF), and for those receiving treatments that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAASi). An analysis of 1.7 million medical records of patients in the United States revealed that among individuals with more than 2 potassium values during 2007 to 2012, HK was detected in 34.6% of patients with CKD and 30.0% of patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of HK and use of RAASi therapies at optimal and suboptimal doses in patients with CKD and/or HF with health care resource utilization and overall cost of care in a diverse cohort of commercially insured patients...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436206/clinical-practice-guidelines-on-iron-therapy-a-critical-evaluation
#16
Lucia Del Vecchio, Francesco Locatelli
Anemia is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and it is managed primarily with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) and iron therapy. Following concerns around ESA therapy and economic constraints, IV iron is more and more administered worldwide. Several guidelines or position papers, which give indications on iron therapy in CKD patients, have been issued in Nephrology. Unfortunately, the field is characterized by a lack of evidence. As a result, the recommendations/suggestions are not uniform...
April 24, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436180/control-mechanisms-for-producing-antimicrobial-factors-in-ruminant-mammary-gland
#17
REVIEW
Naoki Isobe
Mastitis, a symptom of inflammation in mammary tissue by infection with various kinds of bacteria, causes huge economic losses in the milk industry. One of the popular methods for treatment of mastitis is antibiotics, although this prohibits milk shipping and sometimes causes resistant microbes. Therefore, a new strategy to treat mastitis without antibiotics is eagerly required around the world. Antimicrobial factors belong to innate immunity and can start their function extremely early after bacterial stimulation...
April 24, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436124/characteristics-and-respiratory-risk-profile-of-children-aged-less-than-5-years-presenting-to-an-urban-aboriginal-friendly-comprehensive-primary-health-practice-in-australia
#18
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Melissa Dunbar, Daniel Arnold, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
AIM: There are no published data on factors impacting on acute respiratory illness (ARI) among urban Indigenous children. We describe the characteristics and respiratory risk profile of young urban Indigenous children attending an Aboriginal-friendly primary health-care practice. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data collected at baseline in a cohort study investigating ARI in urban Indigenous children aged less than 5 years registered with an Aboriginal primary health-care service...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436102/nutrition-in-adolescents-physiology-metabolism-and-nutritional-needs
#19
REVIEW
Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Kent L Thornburg, Andrew M Prentice, Susan Campisi, Zohra S Lassi, Berthold Koletzko, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is the period of development that begins at puberty and ends in early adulthood. Most commonly, adolescence is divided into three developmental periods: early adolescence (10-14 years of age), late adolescence (15-19 years of age), and young adulthood (20-24 years of age). Adolescence is marked by physical and sexual maturation, social and economic independence, development of identity, acquisition of skills needed to carry out adult relationships and roles, and the capacity for abstract reasoning...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436099/review-of-nutrition-guidelines-relevant-for-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Tarab Mansoor, Rehana A Salam, Shereen Z Bhutta, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
The economic and social well-being of any country will one day depend on its current adolescent population. To provide a good foundation for healthy adolescent development, healthy diet, along with physical activity and adequate nutrients, is necessary. Therefore, addressing the nutrition needs of adolescents could be an important step toward breaking the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition, chronic diseases, and poverty. These problems could be addressed with timely recognition and appropriately delivered interventions...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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