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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031117/reactions-of-melolontha-hippocastani-adults-to-high-manganese-content-in-food
#1
Petr Martinek, Emanuel Kula, Josef Hedbávný
Rapid adaptation of insect species to environmental changes can be advantageous for their development. Forest cockchafer (Melolontha hippocastani) is herbivorous insect species with high food intake that has been widely studied within European conditions. It can cause huge economic and ecological losses especially in oak-dominated forest stands. Food preference of this species is mainly comprised of trees with a potential to accumulate manganese in their assimilation apparatus. In order to determine cockchafer's reactions to increased Mn concentration in its food, the adults were reared in laboratory conditions controlled for temperature, humidity, and light on a natural diet of oak (Quercus petraea) leaves...
October 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029344/the-clinical-and-economic-impact-of-attaining-national-hiv-aids-strategy-treatment-targets-in-the-united-states
#2
Ethan D Borre, Emily P Hyle, A David Paltiel, Anne M Neilan, Paul E Sax, Kenneth A Freedberg, Milton C Weinstein, Rochelle P Walensky
Background: The US National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) aims for 72% (90% diagnosed times 80% of those virally suppressed) viral suppression among persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by 2020. We examined the clinical and economic impact of reaching this target, in the general US population and among black men who have sex with men (MSM), the group with the highest HIV prevalence. Methods: Using a mathematical simulation, we project the 5- and 20-year clinical outcomes, costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for (1) Current Pace of detection, linkage, retention, and virologic suppression and (2) NHAS investments in expanded testing ($24-$74 per test) and adherence ($400 per person-year), calibrated to achieve 72% suppression by 2020...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029307/droplet-digital-pcr-diagnosis-of-human-schistosomiasis-parasite-cell-free-dna-detection-in-diverse-clinical-samples
#3
Kosala G Weerakoon, Catherine A Gordon, Gail M Williams, Pengfei Cai, Geoffrey N Gobert, Remigio M Olveda, Allen G Ross, David U Olveda, Donald P McManus
Background: Schistosomiasis japonica remains a major public health and socio-economic concern in Southeast-Asia. Sensitive and accurate diagnostics can play a pivotal role in achieving disease elimination goals. Methods: We previously reported a novel droplet digital-PCR (ddPCR) assay targeting the mitochondrial gene nad1 to diagnose schistosomiasis japonica. The tool identified both pre-patent and patent infections using Schistosoma japonicum DNA isolated from serum, urine, salivary glands and faeces in a murine model...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029300/flight-activity-and-field-infestation-relationships-for-coffee-berry-borer-in-commercial-coffee-plantations-in-kona-and-kau-districts-hawaii
#4
Luis F Aristizábal, Suzanne Shriner, Robert Hollingsworth, Steven Arthurs
The coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) is a recent invader to Hawaii. To date, limited information regarding the seasonal phenology of this pest on the islands limits the implementation of integrated control strategies. As part of a coffee farmer training program, we monitored CBB flight activity in 15 coffee plantations (Kona and Kau Districts) over 10 mo with methanol-ethanol (3:1 ratio) baited traps. Concurrently, we quantified CBB infestation and penetration rates inside developing coffee berries through the end of harvest...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029269/an-overlooked-paleo-tetraploidization-in-cucurbitaceae
#5
Jinpeng Wang, Pengchuan Sun, Yuxian Li, Yinzhe Liu, Nanshan Yang, Jigao Yu, Xuelian Ma, Sangrong Sun, Ruiyan Xia, Xiaojian Liu, Dongcen Ge, Sainan Luo, Yinmeng Liu, Youting Kong, Xiaobo Cui, Tianyu Lei, Li Wang, Zhenyi Wang, Weina Ge, Lan Zhang, Xiaoming Song, Min Yuan, Di Guo, Dianchuan Jin, Wei Chen, Yuxin Pan, Tao Liu, Guixian Yang, Yue Xiao, Jinshuai Sun, Cong Zhang, Zhibo Li, Haiqing Xu, Xueqian Duan, Shaoqi Shen, Zhonghua Zhang, Sanwen Huang, Xiyin Wang
Cucurbitaceae plants are of considerable biological and economic importance, and genomes of cucumber, watermelon, and melon have been sequenced. However, a comparative genomics exploration of their genome structures and evolution has not been available. Here, we aimed at performing a hierarchical inference of genomic homology resulted from recursive paleo-polyploidizations. Unexpectedly, we found that, shortly after a core-eudicot-common hexaploidy (ECH), a cucurbit-common tetraploidization (CCT) occurred, overlooked by previous reports...
September 28, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029251/effects-of-the-botanical-compound-p-anisaldehyde-on-horn-fly-diptera-muscidae-repellency-mortality-and-reproduction
#6
Allan T Showler, Jessica L Harlien
The horn fly, Haematobia irritans irritans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), is an economically important obligate blood feeder that mainly attacks cattle in Europe, Asia, and North and South America. As horn fly resistance to conventional insecticides becomes more common, alternative control tactics, such as application of bioactive botanical natural products are being investigated. p-Anisaldehyde has been found in many plant species, and it has shown effects that include mortality, attractancy, and interference with host seeking...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029222/the-scarring-effects-of-father-s-unemployment-job-security-satisfaction-and-mental-health-at-midlife
#7
Jack Lam, Christopher L Ambrey
Objectives: We investigate the association between early-life paternal unemployment and midlife mental health, examining whether the impact of father's unemployment may vary contingent on the broader economic context on which it occurred. We also investigate job-security satisfaction as a potential mediator of this association. Method: We utilize random-effects models, drawing on 15 waves of data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, with 7,438 individuals and 42,309 individual-time observations...
September 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029216/diversity-and-distribution-of-cryptic-species-of-the-bemisia-tabaci-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-complex-in-pakistan
#8
Mariyam Masood, Imran Amin, Ishtiaq Hassan, Shahid Mansoor, Judith K Brown, Rob W Briddon
Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius; Hempitera: Aleyrodidae) is considered to be a cryptic (sibling) species complex, the members of which exhibit morphological invariability while being genetically and behaviorally distinct. Members of the complex are agricultural pests that cause direct damage by feeding on plants, and indirectly by transmitting viruses that cause diseases leading to reduced crop yield and quality. In Pakistan, cotton leaf curl disease, caused by multiple begomovirus species, is the most economically important viral disease of cotton...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029195/helpfulness-trust-and-safety-of-neighborhoods-social-capital-household-income-and-self-reported-health-of-older-adults
#9
Cindy L Cain, Steven Wallace, Ninez Ponce
Background and Objectives: Growing literature documents that where you live has an impact on your health, due in part to social capital. Building on social capital literature, we assess how subjective appraisals of neighborhood quality are associated with self-reported health (SRH) for older adults. Research Design and Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2014 California Health Interview Survey, a representative survey of diverse, noninstitutionalized California residents...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029146/a-real-time-pcr-assay-for-the-separation-of-autographa-gamma-noctuidae-plusiinae-from-morphologically-similar-species-in-north-america
#10
Luke R Tembrock, Roxanne E Farris, Lisa Ledezma, Norman B Barr, Todd M Gilligan
The silver Y moth, Autographa gamma L. (Noctuidae: Plusiinae), is a pest of major economic importance in its native range of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Although not present in North America, larvae of A. gamma are commonly intercepted in commodity shipments at U.S. ports, and adult surveys are conducted each year in more than 20 states. Because of the similarity of A. gamma to several native North American species that are attracted to the same pheromone lure, morphological identification of adults is difficult and requires dissection...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029123/outcome-of-elevated-ca125-values-from-primary-care-following-implementation-of-ovarian-cancer-guidelines
#11
S Michael Crawford, Colin Evans
Background: Ovarian cancer presents later in the UK compared to economically similar countries. National guidance suggests measuring CA125 in primary care as a means of bringing patients to specialist attention. Aim: To investigate the outcome of CA125 values measured in accordance with this policy. Setting and design: Examination of the laboratory records of female patients from the usual catchment population of one general hospital in whom CA125 was measured from primary care in a calendar year...
September 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029074/multimodality-imaging-evaluation-of-chagas-disease-an-expert-consensus-of-brazilian-cardiovascular-imaging-department-dic-and-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-eacvi
#12
Maria Carmo P Nunes, Luigi Paolo Badano, J Antonio Marin-Neto, Thor Edvardsen, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Bogdan A Popescu, Richard Underwood, Gilbert Habib, Jose Luis Zamorano, Roberto Magalhães Saraiva, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Fernando A Botoni, Márcia Melo Barbosa, Marcio Vinicius L Barros, Eduardo Falqueto, Marcus Vinicius Simões, André Schmidt, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Manoel Otávio Costa Rocha, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Patrizio Lancellotti
Aims: To develop a document by Brazilian Cardiovascular Imaging Department (DIC) and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) to review and summarize the most recent evidences about the non-invasive assessment of patients with Chagas disease, with the intent to set up a framework for standardized cardiovascular imaging to assess cardiovascular morphologic and functional disturbances, as well as to guide the subsequent process of clinical decision-making. Methods and results: Chagas disease remains one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in Latin America, and has become a health problem in non-endemic countries...
September 25, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029061/effects-of-access-to-radiology-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-in-the-netherlands-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Martijn Hendrik Rutten, Marleen Smits, Yvonne Anthonia Sebastiana Peters, Willem Jan Jozef Assendelft, Gert Pieter Westert, Paul Hendrikus Josephus Giesen
Background: In the Netherlands, out-of-hours primary care is provided in general-practitioner-cooperatives (GPCs). These are increasingly located on site with emergency departments (ED), forming Emergency-Care-Access-Points (ECAP). A more efficient and economical organization of out-of-hours primary emergency care could be realized by increased collaboration at an ECAP. In this study, we compared the effects of different models with respect to access to (hospital) radiology by the GPC...
September 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028855/benjamin-button-effect-recognizable-rejuvenation
#14
Heidi A Waldorf
<p>The "Benjamin Button" effect inspired by the popular motion picture, is used to describe the goal of achieving a clearly younger and more attractive, yet still natural appearance utilizing noninvasive and minimally invasive therapies and procedures. Due to high patient demand for enhancement and rejuvenation of the face and body with minimal downtime, there is an ever-increasing number of companies developing products and devices, variety of indications, and field of practitioners offering them. Each option, including topicals, injectables, and devices, promises near magical results...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028824/the-association-between-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-a-cluster-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adolescents-the-champs-study-dk
#15
Natascha Holbæk Pedersen, Jakob Tarp, Lars Bo Andersen, Anne Kær Gejl, Tao Huang, Lone Peijs, Anna Bugge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes pose a global health burden. Therefore, clarifying the pathology of these risk factors is essential. Previous studies have found positive and negative associations between one or more cardiovascular risk factors and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) probably due to diverse methodological approaches when analysing peripheral BDNF levels. Moreover, only a few studies have been performed in youth populations. Consequently, the main objective of this study was to examine the association between serum BDNF and a composite z-score consisting of six cardiovascular risk factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028813/evaluation-of-shedding-tissue-burdens-and-humoral-immune-response-in-goats-after-experimental-challenge-with-the-virulent-brucella-melitensis-strain-16m-and-the-reduced-virulence-vaccine-strain-rev-1
#16
Jennifer L Higgins, Mercedes Gonzalez-Juarrero, Richard A Bowen
Brucella melitensis is the causative agent of brucellosis in small ruminants and is of considerable economic and public health importance in many countries worldwide. The control of disease in humans depends on the control of disease in livestock; however, few counties with endemic B. melitensis infection have been able to successfully eradicate this pathogen. This underscores the need for further research on the pathogenesis of both virulent and vaccine strains of B. melitensis in the small ruminant host. The aim of the present study was to characterize clinical effects, tissue colonization, shedding, and humoral immune response following B...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028755/finding-resolution-for-the-responsible-transparency-of-economic-models-in-health-and-medicine
#17
William V Padula, Robert Brett McQueen, Peter J Pronovost
The Second Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine recommendations for conduct, methodological practices, and reporting of cost-effectiveness analyses has a number of questions unanswered with respect to the implementation of transparent, open source code interface for economic models. The possibility of making economic model source code could be positive and progressive for the field; however, several unintended consequences of this system should be first considered before complete implementation of this model...
November 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028754/can-economic-model-transparency-improve-provider-interpretation-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-a-response
#18
Joshua T Cohen, John B Wong
To enhance the credibility and the value of health economic analyses, we argue that the computer model source code underlying these analyses should be made publicly available. Only with open publication is it possible for others to assess whether alternative assumptions, beyond those examined by the model authors, alter the model's findings. Because reproducibility is critical for scientific acceptance and because computation increasingly permeates scientific inquiry, other fields have moved toward open publication of computer models, and health economics should avoid falling behind...
November 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028753/can-economic-model-transparency-improve-provider-interpretation-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-evaluating-tradeoffs-presented-by-the-second-panel-on-cost-effectiveness-in-health-and-medicine
#19
William V Padula, Robert Brett McQueen, Peter J Pronovost
The Second Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine convened on December 7, 2016 at the National Academy of Medicine to disseminate their recommendations for conduct, methodological practices, and reporting of cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs). Following its summary, panel proceedings included lengthy discussions including the field's struggle to disseminate findings efficiently through peer-reviewed literature to target audiences. With editors of several medical and outcomes research journals in attendance, there was consensus that findings of cost-effectiveness analyses do not effectively reach other researchers or health care providers...
November 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028752/point-counterpoint-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-medical-care-and-the-issue-of-economic-model-transparency
#20
Alan B Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Medical Care
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