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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458227/-award-of-the-salomon-neumann-medal-2017-speech-of-the-laureate-prof-bernt-peter-robra-5-september-2017-st-peter%C3%A2-s-church-l%C3%A3-beck
#1
Bernt-Peter Robra
The Salomon-Neumann-Medal 2017 of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) was awarded to Bernt-Peter Robra, Institute for Social Medicine and Health Economics (ISMG) of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg. The person and scientific merits of Manfred Pflanz are valued and topics of the masterplan2020-process are highlighted, that offer chances for developments in medicine and public health.
February 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458183/age-dependent-attitudes-of-ischemic-patients-towards-disability-after-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#2
Byoung-Joon Kim, Yeon Ran Hong, Youngmin Han, Yang-Ha Hwang, Boram Ohk, Jaechan Park
OBJECTIVE: To improve the process of surgical informed consent, patient attitudes towards acceptable levels of disability after decompressive surgery for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction are investigated, including the impact of patient age. METHODS: Patients who had experienced a recent minor stroke were asked to complete a questionnaire comprised of 2 parts: 1) demographic information, including patient age, gender, years of education, working status, religion, and economic status and 2) acceptable level of disability based on a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) with corresponding illustrations to explain the mRS levels...
February 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458093/protective-efficacy-of-mucuna-pruriens-l-seed-meal-enriched-diet-on-growth-performance-innate-immunity-and-disease-resistance-in-oreochromis-mossambicus-against-aeromonas-hydrophila
#3
Mohamed Saiyad Musthafa, Syed Mohideen Asgari, Amitha Kurian, Elumalai Preetham, Abdul Rahman Jawahar Ali, Bilal Ahmad Paray, Mohammad K Al-Sadoon
The impact of Mucuna pruriens (L.) seed meal diet on growth performance, innate immune response, and disease resistance in Oreochromis mossambicus against Aeromonas hydrophila is reported for the first time. Infected O. mossambicus was fed with 2 g kg-1 , 4 g kg-1 , and 6 g kg-1 of M. pruriens seed meal diets significantly increased initial body weight (IBW) and final body weight (FBW) over control, for a period of 4 weeks. At 4 g kg-1 and 6 g kg-1 the enriched diet significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced the survival rate, weight gain (WG), protein efficiency ratio (PER), specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), and feed efficiency (FE) when compared to the control; besides, from weeks 2-4 these diets significantly (P < 0...
February 16, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457808/cds-nanosphere-decorated-hollow-polyhedral-zco-derived-from-a-metal-organic-framework-mof-for-effective-photocatalytic-water-evolution
#4
Wenxia Chen, Jiasheng Fang, Yiwei Zhang, Guangliang Chen, Shuo Zhao, Chao Zhang, Ran Xu, Jiehua Bao, Yuming Zhou, Xin Xiang
Semiconductor nanostructures have received considerable attention in the field of photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. However, eco-friendly, high efficiency, and low-cost semiconductor materials are still desired. In consideration of this, herein, we design a new and economic noble-metal-free CdS/Znx Co3-x O4 (CdS/ZCO) nanohybrid photocatalyst using a metal-organic framework (MOF) template, which is a framework structure composed of organic ligands and metal ion nodes with different numbers of connections. The as-prepared CdS/ZCO composites with a large specific surface area and porous hollow structure exhibit remarkable catalytic activity and high stability for hydrogen generation...
February 19, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457797/the-application-and-usefulness-of-economic-analyses-for-water-quality-management-in-coastal-areas
#5
Sheri L Jewhurst, Kate K Mulvaney, Marisa J Mazzotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: J Ocean Coast Econ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457783/cellular-senescence-in-brain-aging-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-evidence-and-perspectives
#6
Darren J Baker, Ronald C Petersen
Along with a general decline in overall health, most chronic degenerative human diseases are inherently associated with increasing age. Age-associated cognitive impairments and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, are potentially debilitating conditions that lack viable options for treatment, resulting in a tremendous economic and societal cost. Most high-profile clinical trials for neurodegenerative diseases have led to inefficacious results, suggesting that novel approaches to treating these pathologies are needed...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457731/synthesis-of-structurally-diverse-emissive-molecular-rotors-with-four-component-ugi-stators
#7
Ma Carmen García-González, Andres Aguilar-Granda, Angel Zamudio-Medina, Luis D Miranda, Braulio Rodríguez-Molina
The use of the multicomponent Ugi reaction to rapidly prepare a library of dumbbell-like molecular rotors is highlighted here. The synthetic strategy consisted on the atom-economic access to fifteen bulky and structurally-diverse iodinated stators, which were cross coupled to the 1,4-diethynylphenylene rotator. From those experiments, up to six rotors 1a-c and 1l-n were obtained, with yields ranging from 35 to 69 % per coupled C-C bond. In addition to the frameworks diversity, five of these compounds showed Aggregate-Enhanced Emission properties thanks to their conjugated 1,4-bis-[(phenyl)ethynyl]benzene cores, a property that rises by increasing the water fraction (fw) in their THF solutions...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457632/rapid-eradication-of-bacterial-phytopathogens-by-atmospheric-pressure-glow-discharge-generated-in-contact-with-a-flowing-liquid-cathode
#8
Agata Motyka, Anna Dzimitrowicz, Piotr Jamroz, Ewa Lojkowska, Wojciech Sledz, Pawel Pohl
Diseases caused by phytopathogenic bacteria are responsible for significant economic losses, and these bacteria spread through diverse pathways including waterways and industrial wastes. It is therefore of interest to develop potent methods for their eradication. Here, antibacterial properties of direct current atmospheric pressure glow discharge (dc-APGD) generated in contact with flowing bacterial suspensions were examined against five species of phytopathogens. Complete eradication of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp...
February 19, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457624/-coordinated-heart-failure-care-in-poland-towards-optimal-organisation-of-the-health-care-system
#9
Jadwiga Nessler, Adam Kozierkiewicz, Andrzej Gackowski, Piotr Ponikowski, Ewa Straburzynska-Migaj, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Piotr Hoffman, Krzysztof Chlebus, Grzegorz Gielerak, Mariusz Gąsior, Tomasz Grodzicki, Jakub Gierczyński, Piotr Jankowski, Jarosław Kaźmierczak, Jacek Legutko, Przemysław Leszek, Maciej Miłkowski, Grzegorz Opolski, Piotr Rozentryt, Adam Windak, Adam Witkowski, Mirosław J Wysocki, Andrzej Zapaśnik, Tomasz Zdrojewski
Heart failure has becoming an increasing medical, economic, and social problem globally. The prevalence of this syndrome is rising, and despite unequivocal positive effects of modern therapy, reduction of mortality has been achieved at the cost of more frequent hospitalisations. Unlike in many European countries, in Poland heart failure is usually recognised later, at a more advanced stage of the disease, leaving less time for ambulatory treatment and resulting in a high number of hospitalisations. The current paper presents the most important data regarding morbidity and mortality due to heart failure in Poland...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457585/training-nurses-in-a-competency-framework-to-support-adults-with-epilepsy-and-intellectual-disability-the-epaid-cluster-rct
#10
Howard Ring, James Howlett, Mark Pennington, Christopher Smith, Marcus Redley, Caroline Murphy, Roxanne Hook, Adam Platt, Nakita Gilbert, Elizabeth Jones, Joanna Kelly, Angela Pullen, Adrian Mander, Cam Donaldson, Simon Rowe, James Wason, Fiona Irvine
BACKGROUND: People with an intellectual (learning) disability (ID) and epilepsy have an increased seizure frequency, higher frequencies of multiple antiepileptic drug (AED) use and side effects, higher treatment costs, higher mortality rates and more behavioural problems than the rest of the population with epilepsy. The introduction of nurse-led care may lead to improvements in outcome for those with an ID and epilepsy; however, this has not been tested in a definitive clinical trial...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457577/space-place-and-waiting-time-reflections-on-health-policy-and-politics
#11
Sally Sheard
Health systems have repeatedly addressed concerns about efficiency and equity by employing trans-national comparisons to draw out the strengths and weaknesses of specific policy initiatives. This paper demonstrates the potential for explicit historical analysis of waiting times for hospital treatment to add value to spatial comparative methodologies. Waiting times and the size of the lists of waiting patients have become key operational indicators. In the United Kingdom, as National Health Service (NHS) financial pressures intensified from the 1970s, waiting times have become a topic for regular public and political debate...
February 19, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457496/prostate-cancer-risk-reduced-by-physical-activity-even-among-men-with-prolonged-sitting-time-a-study-from-vietnam
#12
Dong Van Hoang, Andy H Lee, Ngoc Minh Pham, Colin W Binns
Increasing prostate cancer incidence in the Asia-Pacific region may be related to a more sedentary lifestyle resulted from economic growth and rapid urbanization. The present case-control study of 640 men aged 64 to 75 years was conducted in Vietnam between 2013 and 2015 to ascertain the relationship between physical activity and prostate cancer risk, accounting for the duration of sitting time. Reduced prostate cancer risks were found for men engaging in medium (15.8-47.3 metabolic equivalent task [MET]-h/week) and high (>47...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457488/referral-patterns-and-implementation-costs-of-the-partners-in-recovery-initiative-in-gippsland-learnings-for-the-national-disability-insurance-scheme
#13
Anton N Isaacs, Kim Dalziel, Keith Sutton, Darryl Maybery
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to provide some learnings for the NDIS from the referral pattern and cost of implementing the Partners in Recovery initiative of Gippsland. METHOD: Information on referral areas made for each consumer was collated from support facilitators. Cost estimates were determined using budget estimates, administrative costs and a literature review and are reported from a government perspective. RESULTS: Sixty-three per cent of all referrals were made to organisations that provided multiple types of services...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457397/-reconstruction-of-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-with-tightrope-button-fixation-on-the-femoral-side-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-patellar-dislocation
#14
Yong-Xiang Zuo, Zi-Ping Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the operating procedures and therapeutic effects of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction with Tightrope(Arthrex, FL, USA) button fixation at lateral femoral cortex. METHODS: From May 2014 to July 2016, 9 patients with traumatic patellar dislocation were treated. There were 5 males and 4 females, ranging in age from 16 to 47 years old, with an average of 23.7 years old. All the patients underment arthroscopic lateral retinaculum release and joint debridement first...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457370/avian-metapneumovirus-subtype-c-in-wild-waterfowl-in-ontario-canada
#15
C M Jardine, E J Parmley, T Buchanan, L Nituch, D Ojkic
Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) is an emerging poultry pathogen that has a significant economic impact on poultry production worldwide. The geographic range of the virus continues to expand, and wild birds have been implicated as reservoirs of aMPV that have the potential to spread the virus over long distances. Our objective was to determine the apparent prevalence of aMPV subtype C in wild waterfowl in Ontario, Canada. Wild waterfowl were captured in August and September, 2016 as part of routine migratory waterfowl population monitoring by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry...
February 18, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457323/anticoagulation-knowledge-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-an-australian-survey
#16
Kehinde O Obamiro, Leanne Chalmers, Kenneth Lee, Bonnie J Bereznicki, Luke R E Bereznicki
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly diagnosed arrhythmia in clinical practice, and is associated with a significant medical and economic burden. Anticoagulants reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism by approximately two-thirds compared with no therapy. Knowledge regarding anticoagulant therapy can influence treatment outcomes in patients with AF. OBJECTIVE: To measure the level of anticoagulation knowledge in patients with AF taking oral anticoagulants (OACs), investigate the association between patient-related factors and anticoagulation knowledge, and compare these results in patients taking warfarin and direct-acting oral anticoagulant (DOACs)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456916/spine-degenerative-conditions-and-their-treatments-national-trends-in-the-united-states-of-america
#17
Zorica Buser, Brandon Ortega, Anthony D'Oro, William Pannell, Jeremiah R Cohen, Justin Wang, Ray Golish, Michael Reed, Jeffrey C Wang
Study Design: Retrospective database study. Objective: Low back and neck pain are among the top leading causes of disability worldwide. The aim of our study was to report the current trends on spine degenerative disorders and their treatments. Methods: Patients diagnosed with lumbar or cervical spine conditions within the orthopedic subset of Medicare and Humana databases (PearlDiver). From the initial cohorts we identified subgroups based on the treatment: fusion or nonoperative within 1 year from diagnosis...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456907/nanoparticles-in-the-environment-where-do-we-come-from-where-do-we-go-to
#18
REVIEW
Mirco Bundschuh, Juliane Filser, Simon Lüderwald, Moira S McKee, George Metreveli, Gabriele E Schaumann, Ralf Schulz, Stephan Wagner
Nanoparticles serve various industrial and domestic purposes which is reflected in their steadily increasing production volume. This economic success comes along with their presence in the environment and the risk of potentially adverse effects in natural systems. Over the last decade, substantial progress regarding the understanding of sources, fate, and effects of nanoparticles has been made. Predictions of environmental concentrations based on modelling approaches could recently be confirmed by measured concentrations in the field...
2018: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456825/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-on-access-availability-and-utilization-of-emergency-obstetric-care-services-in-lagos-nigeria-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kikelomo Wright, Olatunji Sonoiki, Onaedo Ilozumba, Babatunde Ajayi, Olawunmi Okikiolu, Oluwarotimi Akinola
Globally, Nigeria is the second most unsafe country to be pregnant, with Lagos, its economic nerve center having disproportionately higher maternal deaths than the national average. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is effective in reducing pregnancyrelated morbidities and mortalities. This mixed-methods study quantitatively assessed women's satisfaction with EmOC received and qualitatively engaged multiple key stakeholders to better understand issues around EmOC access, availability and utilization in Lagos...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456782/other-people-s-money-the-role-of-reciprocity-and-social-uncertainty-in-decisions-for-others
#20
Ivo Vlaev, Brian Wallace, Nicholas Wright, Antoinette Nicolle, Paul Dolan, Raymond Dolan
Many important decisions are taken not by the person who will ultimately gain or lose from the outcome, but on their behalf, by somebody else. We examined economic decision-making about risk and time in situations in which deciders chose for others who also chose for them. We propose that this unique setting, which has not been studied before, elicits perception of reciprocity that prompts a unique bias in preferences. We found that decision-makers are less patient (more discounting), and more risk averse for losses than gains, with other peoples' money, especially when their choices for others are more uncertain...
June 2017: Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics
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