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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341463/synthetic-phonics-and-decodable-instructional-reading-texts-how-far-do-these-support-poor-readers
#1
Ruth Maria Price-Mohr, Colin Bernard Price
This paper presents data from a quasi-experimental trial with paired randomisation that emerged during the development of a reading scheme for children in England. This trial was conducted with a group of 12 children, aged 5-6, and considered to be falling behind their peers in reading ability and a matched control group. There were two intervention conditions (A: using mixed teaching methods and a high percentage of non-phonically decodable vocabulary; P: using mixed teaching methods and low percentage of non-decodable vocabulary); allocation to these was randomised...
January 17, 2018: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339940/applying-an-information-literacy-rubric-to-first-year-health-sciences-student-research-posters
#2
Xan Goodman, John Watts, Rogelio Arenas, Rachelle Weigel, Tony Terrell
Objective: This article describes the collection and analysis of annotated bibliographies created by first-year health sciences students to support their final poster projects. The authors examined the students' abilities to select relevant and authoritative sources, summarize the content of those sources, and correctly cite those sources. Methods: We collected images of 1,253 posters, of which 120 were sampled for analysis, and scored the posters using a 4-point rubric to evaluate the students' information literacy skills...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#3
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339040/effectiveness-of-workplace-diabetes-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Sharon A Brown, Alexandra A García, Julie A Zuñiga, Kimberly A Lewis
PURPOSE: The primary purpose is to review diabetes workplace interventions and the degree to which they improve diabetes-related outcomes in employees diagnosed with or at risk for T2DM. METHODS: Three electronic databases and ancestry searches were used to identify peer reviewed articles published in English from 2000 to June 2017. RESULTS: The number of participants represented by the 22 selected studies, excluding one large outlier, was 4243...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338708/patterns-of-illness-disclosure-among-indian-slum-dwellers-a-qualitative-study
#5
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Slum dwellers display specific traits when it comes to disclosing their illnesses to professionals. The resulting actions lead to poor health-seeking behaviour and underutilisation of existing formal health facilities. The ways that slum people use to communicate their feelings about illness, the type of confidants that they choose, and the supportive and unsupportive social and cultural interactions to which they are exposed have not yet been studied in the Indian context, which constitutes an important knowledge gap for Indian policymakers and practitioners alike...
January 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338698/enteral-immunonutrition-versus-enteral-nutrition-for-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-a-total-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ying Cheng, Junfeng Zhang, Liwei Zhang, Juan Wu, Zhen Zhan
BACKGROUND: Nutrition support is a common means for patients with gastric cancer, especially for those undergoing elective surgery. Recently, enteral immunonutrition (EIN) was increasingly found to be more effective than enteral nutrition (EN) in enhancing the host immunity and eventually improving the prognosis of gastric cancer patients undergoing gastrectomy. However, the results reported were not consistent. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the impact of EIN for patients with GC on biochemical, immune indices and clinical outcomes...
January 16, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338675/an-exploration-into-best-practices-in-peer-support-for-bereaved-survivors
#7
Paul T Bartone, Jocelyn V Bartone, Zaneta Gileno, John M Violanti
This exploratory, qualitative study addresses the question: what are the important elements in effective peer support programs for bereaved survivors? Interviews with ten highly experienced experts were analyzed to identify recurrent themes and elements. Findings indicate that effective peer support programs for the bereaved should be: easily accessible; confidential; provide a safe environment; employ peer supporters with similar shared experiences to clients; select peer supporters carefully; partner with professional mental health providers; train peer supporters thoroughly; and provide care and monitoring for peer supporters...
January 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338660/social-ecological-factors-associated-with-selling-sex-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jamaica-results-from-a-cross-sectional-tablet-based-survey
#8
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Kathleen S Kenny, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones, Stefan D Baral, Ying Wang, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
BACKGROUND: Globally, men who have sex with men (MSM) experience social marginalization and criminalization that increase HIV vulnerability by constraining access to HIV prevention and care. People who sell sex also experience criminalization, rights violations, and violence, which elevate HIV exposure. MSM who sell sex may experience intersectional stigma and intensified social marginalization, yet have largely been overlooked in epidemiological and social HIV research. In Jamaica, where same sex practices and sex work are criminalized, scant research has investigated sex selling among MSM, including associations with HIV vulnerability...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336704/intent-to-use-a-web-based-psychological-intervention-for-partners-of-cancer-patients-associated-factors-and-preferences
#9
Nadine Köhle, Constance H C Drossaert, Cornelia F Van Uden-Kraan, Karlein M G Schreurs, Mariët Hagedoorn, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
This study examined partners of cancer patients intention to use a web-based psychological intervention, their preferences regarding its preconditions, functionalities and topics, and factors related to their intention. One hundred and sixty-eight partners completed a questionnaire about these aspects. Forty-eight percent of the partners would (maybe) make use of a web-based intervention. Partners who intended to participate were significantly younger, used the Internet more often, and perceived more caregiver strain...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335329/relocating-patients-from-a-specialist-homeless-healthcare-centre-to-general-practices-a-multi-perspective-study
#10
Kathrine Gibson Smith, Vibhu Paudyal, Katie MacLure, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Carol Buchanan, Liz Wilson, Joan MacLeod, Ann Smith, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: The relocation of formerly homeless patients eligible to transfer from a specialist homeless healthcare centre (SHHC) to mainstream general practices is key to patient integration in the local community. Failure to transition patients conferring eligibility for relocation may also negatively impact on SHHC service delivery. AIM: To explore barriers and facilitators of relocation from the perspectives of formerly homeless patients and healthcare staff involved in their care...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334885/2016-united-kingdom-national-guideline-on-the-sexual-health-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Dan Clutterbuck, David Asboe, Tristan Barber, Carol Emerson, Nigel Field, Stuart Gibson, Gwenda Hughes, Rachael Jones, Martin Murchie, Achyuta V Nori, Michael Rayment, Ann Sullivan
This guideline is intended for use in UK Genitourinary medicine clinics and sexual health services but is likely to be of relevance in all sexual health settings, including general practice and Contraception and Sexual Health (CASH) services, where men who have sex with men (MSM) seek sexual health care or where addressing the sexual health needs of MSM may have public health benefits. For the purposes of this document, MSM includes all gay, bisexual and all other males who have sex with other males and both cis and trans men...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334876/three-nontraditional-approaches-to-improving-the-capacity-accessibility-and-quality-of-mental-health-services-an-overview
#12
Kiran L Grant, Magenta Bender Simmons, Christopher G Davey
To provide evidence for wider use of peer workers and other nonprofessionals, the authors examined three approaches to mental health service provision-peer support worker (PSW) programs, task shifting, and mental health first-aid and community advocacy organizations-summarizing their effectiveness, identifying similarities and differences, and highlighting opportunities for integration. Relevant articles obtained from PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar searches are discussed. Studies indicate that PSWs can achieve outcomes equal to or better than those achieved by nonpeer mental health professionals...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334811/the-experiences-of-physical-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-qualitative-thematic-synthesis
#13
Janelle Unger, Hardeep Singh, Avril Mansfield, Sander L Hitzig, Erica Lenton, Kristin E Musselman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this thematic synthesis review was to identify and synthesise published qualitative research on the perspectives of individuals with spinal cord injuries with respect to physical rehabilitation interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The peer-reviewed literature was searched across seven databases and identified abstracts were independently screened by two reviewers. A thematic synthesis methodology was used to code and synthesise the results from the included studies...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333899/social-support-and-mental-health-in-lgbtq-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Kari McDonald
LGBTQ adolescents experience higher rates of mental health disorders than their heterosexual peers. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to examine studies evaluating social support and its effects on mental health in the LGBTQ adolescent population. Higher levels of social support were associated with positive self-esteem. Lack of social support (or low social support) was associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, alcohol or drug misuse, risky sexual behaviors, shame, and low self-esteem...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333642/early-adolescents-emotional-well-being-in-the-classroom-the-role-of-personal-and-contextual-assets
#15
Eva Oberle
BACKGROUND: The objective was to predict early adolescents' emotional well-being from personal and contextual assets in the classroom. Emotional well-being is a key indicator of health. Aligned with the positive youth development (PYD) framework, a supportive classroom environment and positive relationships with teachers and peers were contextual assets in the present study; positive self-concept was a personal asset. METHODS: The sample was 406 grade 4 to 7 public elementary school students from diverse backgrounds (mean = 11...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332493/college-campus-sexual-assault-the-contribution-of-peers-proabuse-informational-support-and-attachments-to-abusive-peers
#16
Walter S DeKeseredy, Amanda Hall-Sanchez, James Nolan
Since the mid-1980s, researchers across the United States have uncovered high rates of sexual assault among female college students. However, to advance a better understanding of this gendered type of victimization, and to both prevent and control this problem, the research community needs to identify its major correlates. One that is consistently uncovered in North American campus survey work is negative peer support, especially that provided by male peers. Yet, some earlier studies have found that mixed-sex negative peer support, too, contributes to campus sexual assault...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#17
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331970/is-there-a-social-gradient-of-sarcopenia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Darci Green, Gustavo Duque, Nick Fredman, Aoun Rizvi, Sharon Lee Brennan-Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass and function) is a relatively new area within the field of musculoskeletal research and medicine. Investigating whether there is a social gradient, including occupation type and income level, of sarcopenia, as observed for other diseases, will contribute significantly to the limited evidence base for this disease. This new information may inform the prevention and management of sarcopenia and widen the evidence base to support existing and future health campaigns...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331798/engaging-students-in-a-community-of-learning-renegotiating-the-learning-environment
#19
Karen A Theobald, Carol A Windsor, Elizabeth M Forster
Promoting student engagement in a student led environment can be challenging. This article reports on the process of design, implementation and evaluation of a student led learning approach in a small group tutorial environment in a three year Bachelor of Nursing program at an Australian university. The research employed three phases of data collection. The first phase explored student perceptions of learning and engagement in tutorials. The results informed the development of a web based learning resource...
December 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331657/views-of-teenage-children-about-the-effects-of-a-parent-s-mobility-disability
#20
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Cheri A Blauwet, Karen A Kuhlthau
BACKGROUND: Few U.S. studies have explored how children experience a parent's mobility disability and its effects on their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to engage youth ages 13-17 who had at least one parent with mobility disability in describing their perceptions of their parent's disability and its consequences for their daily and family life. METHODS: Participants videoed and photographed their experiences following general guidelines from the researchers about topics of interest...
December 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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