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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444373/plasticity-of-the-right-lateralized-cognitive-reserve-network-in-ageing
#1
Méadhbh B Brosnan, Giorgia Demaria, Anders Petersen, Paul M Dockree, Ian H Robertson, Iris Wiegand
Cognitive reserve (CR) is the phenomenon where older adults with more cognitively stimulating environments show less age-related cognitive decline. The right-lateralized fronto-parietal network has been proposed to significantly contribute to CR and visual attention in ageing. In this study we tested whether plasticity of this network may be harnessed in ageing.We assessed CR and parameters of visual attention capacity in older adults. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was employed to increase right fronto-parietal activity during a lateralized whole-report task...
April 24, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444323/effectiveness-of-rotavirus-vaccination-a-systematic-review-of-the-first-decade-of-global-post-licensure-data-2006-2016
#2
Christine L Jonesteller, Eleanor Burnett, Catherine Yen, Jacqueline E Tate, Umesh D Parashar
Two rotavirus vaccines, Rotarix (RV1) and RotaTeq (RV5), were licensed for global use in 2006. A systematic review of 48 peer-reviewed articles with post-licensure data from 24 countries showed a median RV1 vaccine effectiveness (VE) of 84%, 75%, and 57% in low, medium, and high child mortality countries, respectively, and RV5 VE of 90% in low and 45% in high child mortality countries. A partial vaccine series provided considerable protection, but not to the same level as a full series. VE tended to decline in the second year of life, particularly in medium and high mortality settings, and tended to be greater against more severe rotavirus disease...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443687/experiencing-menopause-in-the-context-of-cancer-women-s-constructions-of-gendered-subjectivities
#3
Chloe Parton, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
OBJECTIVE: Many women experience premature menopause following cancer treatment, accompanied by psychological distress, and poor health-related quality of life. In this qualitative study, we examined how women construct their gendered subjectivities - their sense of self as a woman - in the context of premature menopause after cancer. DESIGN: We analysed data from open-ended survey items and semi-structured interviews with women who had experienced cancer. Six hundred and ninety-five women completed the online survey and 61 took part in a semi-structured interview...
April 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443043/leniency-bias-in-performance-ratings-the-big-five-correlates
#4
Kevin H C Cheng, C Harry Hui, Wayne F Cascio
Some researchers assume that employees' personality characteristics affect leniency in rating others and themselves. However, little research has investigated these two tendencies at the same time. In the present study we developed one index for other-rating leniency and another one for self-rating leniency. Based on a review of the literature, we hypothesized that a generous assessment of peers would more likely be made by those who are extroverted and agreeable than by those who are not. Furthermore, a generous assessment of oneself would more likely be made by people who are conscientious and emotionally stable, than by people who are not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441962/acceptability-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-enhance-hiv-care-coordination-for-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#5
Ryan P Westergaard, Andrew Genz, Kristen Panico, Pamela J Surkan, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi E Hutton, Larry W Chang, Gregory D Kirk
BACKGROUND: Persons living with HIV and substance use disorders face barriers to sustained engagement in medical care, leading to suboptimal antiretroviral treatment outcomes. Innovative mobile technology tools such as customizable smartphone applications have the potential to enhance existing care coordination programs, but have not been rigorously studied. METHODS: We developed and implemented a two-component intervention consisting of peer health navigation supported by a smartphone application conducting ecologic momentary assessment (EMA) of barriers to care and medication adherence...
April 26, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441175/acceptability-and-use-of-a-dapivirine-vaginal-ring-in-a-phase-iii-trial
#6
Elizabeth T Montgomery, Ariane van der Straten, Miria Chitukuta, Krishnaveni Reddy, Kubashni Woeber, Millicent Atujuna, Linda-Gail Bekker, Juliane Etima, Teopista Nakyanzi, Ashley J Mayo, Ariana Katz, Nicole Laborde, Cynthia I Grossman, Lydia Soto-Torres, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Jared M Baeten
BACKGROUND: The MTN-020/ASPIRE trial evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the dapivirine vaginal ring for prevention of HIV-1 infection among African women. A nested qualitative component was conducted at six of 15 study sites in Uganda, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa to evaluate acceptability of and adherence to the ring. METHOD: Qualitative study participants (n = 214) were interviewed with one of three modalities: single in-depth interview, up to three serial interviews or an exit Focus Group Discussion...
May 15, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439622/long-term-impacts-of-parental-migration-on-chinese-children-s-psychosocial-well-being-mitigating-and-exacerbating-factors
#7
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
PURPOSE: Prolonged separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the well-being of 60 million left behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the impact of current and previous parental migration on child psychosocial well-being, with a focus on emotional and behavioral outcomes, while considering factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools in migrant-sending rural areas in Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces by random stratified sampling...
April 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439373/improving-resident-well-being-and-burnout-the-role-of-peer-support
#8
EDITORIAL
Mark P Abrams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439105/autism-spectrum-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-executive-function
#9
E A Demetriou, A Lampit, D S Quintana, S L Naismith, Y J C Song, J E Pye, I Hickie, A J Guastella
Evidence of executive dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) across development remains mixed and establishing its role is critical for guiding diagnosis and intervention. The primary objectives of this meta-analysis is to analyse executive function (EF) performance in ASD, the fractionation across EF subdomains, the clinical utility of EF measures and the influence of multiple moderators (for example, age, gender, diagnosis, measure characteristics). The Embase, Medline and PsychINFO databases were searched to identify peer-reviewed studies published since the inclusion of Autism in DSM-III (1980) up to end of June 2016 that compared EF in ASD with neurotypical controls...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438725/analyzing-and-predicting-user-participations-in-online-health-communities-a-social-support-perspective
#10
Xi Wang, Kang Zhao, Nick Street
BACKGROUND: Online health communities (OHCs) have become a major source of social support for people with health problems. Members of OHCs interact online with similar peers to seek, receive, and provide different types of social support, such as informational support, emotional support, and companionship. As active participations in an OHC are beneficial to both the OHC and its users, it is important to understand factors related to users' participations and predict user churn for user retention efforts...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438661/systematic-review-of-the-potential-adverse-effects-of-caffeine-consumption-in-healthy-adults-pregnant-women-adolescents-and-children
#11
Daniele Wikoff, Brian T Welsh, Rayetta Henderson, Gregory P Brorby, Janice Britt, Esther Myers, Jeffrey Goldberger, Harris R Lieberman, Charles O'Brien, Jennifer Peck, Milton Tenebein, Connie Weaver, Seneca Harvey, Jonathan Urban, Candace Doepker
To date, one of the most heavily cited assessments of caffeine safety in the peer-reviewed literature is that issued by Health Canada (Nawrot et al., 2003). Since then, >10,000 papers have been published related to caffeine, including hundreds of reviews on specific human health effects; however, to date, none have compared the wide range of topics evaluated by Nawrot et al. (2003). Thus, as an update to this foundational publication, we conducted a systematic review of data on potential adverse effects of caffeine published from 2001 to June 2015...
April 7, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438218/malaria-elimination-in-lao-pdr-the-challenges-associated-with-population-mobility
#12
REVIEW
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong, Odai Sichanthongthip
Although the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is despite all of the country's 18 provinces sharing both official and unofficial border checkpoints with neighboring countries. Economic reforms in the last decade have seen a gradual increase in the promotion of foreign investment, and main towns and transportation networks have been expanding thus offering new opportunities for livelihoods and economic activities...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437783/evacuation-of-a-tertiary-neonatal-centre-lessons-from-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquakes
#13
Osuke Iwata, Akihiko Kawase, Masanori Iwai, Kazuko Wada
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants hospitalised in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are vulnerable to natural disasters. However, publications on evacuation from NICUs are sparse. The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes caused serious damage to Kumamoto City Hospital and its level III regional core NICU. Local/neighbour NICU teams and the disaster-communication team of a neonatal academic society cooperated to evacuate 38 newborn infants from the ward. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to highlight potential key factors to improve emergency NICU evacuation and coordination of hospital transportation following natural disasters...
April 25, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437367/-effective-requesting-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-on-asking-families-to-consent-to-organ-and-tissue-donation
#14
Jennifer A Chandler, Matthew Connors, Giles Holland, Sam D Shemie
BACKGROUND: Families are often asked to consent to the donation of their deceased relative's organs or tissues. These end-of-life conversations are important because they affect consent rates as well as the psychological impact of the decision for families. This scoping review of the literature on requesting family consent was prepared to support of the development of leading practice recommendations for end-of-life conversations with families of potential donors. A scoping review maps research activity in a field across a range of commentary and empirical study designs but does not attempt meta-synthesis of empirical data or quality assessment...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437212/the-impact-of-communication-skills-training-on-cardiology-fellows-and-attending-physicians-perceived-comfort-with-difficult-conversations
#15
Kathryn Berlacher, Robert M Arnold, Eva Reitschuler-Cross, Jeffrey Teuteberg, Winifred Teuteberg
BACKGROUND: Cardiologists need to decide which treatments are appropriate for seriously ill patients and whether they align with patient goals. Reconciling medical options with patients' wishes requires skilled communication. Although there is evidence that communication is teachable, few cardiologists receive formal training. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that providing communication skills training to cardiologists is feasible and improves their perceived preparedness (PP) for leading difficult conversations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436276/should-trained-lay-providers-perform-hiv-testing-a-systematic-review-to-inform-world-health-organization-guidelines
#16
C E Kennedy, P T Yeh, C Johnson, R Baggaley
New strategies for HIV testing services (HTS) are needed to achieve UN 90-90-90 targets, including diagnosis of 90% of people living with HIV. Task-sharing HTS to trained lay providers may alleviate health worker shortages and better reach target groups. We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating HTS by lay providers using rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs). Peer-reviewed articles were included if they compared HTS using RDTs performed by trained lay providers to HTS by health professionals, or to no intervention...
April 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436232/safety-performance-and-satisfaction-outcomes-in-the-operating-room-a-literature-review
#17
Anjali Joseph, Sara Bayramzadeh, Zahra Zamani, Bill Rostenberg
OBJECTIVE: This review of empirical literature focuses on the design of operating rooms (ORs) by investigating the physical environmental features of ORs associated with patient and staff outcomes. BACKGROUND: Many ORs built more than 30 years ago remain operational today. However, most are inadequately designed to handle the equipment, processes, and people that a contemporary OR needs to accommodate. However, the evidence base for designing ORs has been sorely lacking, and little guidance exists on how OR design can improve safety and performance outcomes...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436048/dealing-with-the-tension-how-residents-seek-autonomy-and-participation-in-the-workplace
#18
Francisco M Olmos-Vega, Diana H J M Dolmans, Nicolas Vargas-Castro, Renée E Stalmeijer
CONTEXT: The workplace can be a strenuous setting for residents: although it offers a wealth of learning opportunities, residents find themselves juggling their responsibilities. Even though supervisors regulate what is afforded to residents, the former find it difficult to strike the proper balance between residents' independence and support, which could create tensions. But what tensions do residents experience during clinical supervision and how do they cope with them to maximise their learning opportunities? Understanding how residents act on different affordances in the workplace is of paramount importance, as it influences their learning...
April 24, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434455/creating-a-pediatric-joint-council-to-promote-patient-safety-and-quality-governance-and-accountability-across-johns-hopkins-medicine
#19
Michael Rosen, Brigitta U Mueller, Aaron M Milstone, Denise R Remus, Renee Demski, Peter J Pronovost, Marlene R Miller
BACKGROUND: Large multihospital health systems with multiple children's hospitals are relatively few in number. With a paucity of national pediatric measures for quality and patient safety, there are unique challenges to ensuring consistent levels of care across diverse health care delivery settings. At Johns Hopkins Medicine, a Pediatric Joint Council was created to help ensure high-quality and safe care across a health system encompassing two full-service children's hospitals and two community hospitals with significant pediatric volumes across two states...
May 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434144/peer-coaching-interventions-for-parents-of-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
Carrie Tully, Caitlin Shneider, Maureen Monaghan, Marisa E Hilliard, Randi Streisand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peer support is a promising model of providing psychosocial support to parents of children with type 1 diabetes. This review seeks to discuss the findings of the existing literature in peer coaching as it relates to parents and diabetes as well as to identify gaps in knowledge for future intervention development and implementation. RECENT FINDINGS: Peer support programs vary widely with regard to recruitment, training, and delivery protocols. Across most programs, ongoing support and supervision are provided to peer coaches...
June 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
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