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Peer support

Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Karina W Davidson, John W Epling, Francisco A R García, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael P Pignone
Importance: There is convincing evidence that breastfeeding provides substantial health benefits for children. However, nearly half of all US mothers who initially breastfeed stop doing so by 6 months, and there are significant disparities in breastfeeding rates among younger mothers and in disadvantaged communities. Objective: To update the 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on primary care interventions to promote breastfeeding. Evidence Review: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to support breastfeeding on breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity...
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Christine L Latham, Harsimran Singh, Karen K Ringl
BACKGROUND: A structured peer-mentoring program for diverse nursing students culminated in shared governance meetings between mentors and program coordinators to address mentees' concerns and issues. METHOD: After informed consent, mentees reviewed mentor profiles online and selected mentors. Baseline data were collected on ethnic identity, lifestyle, social support, and academic habits. Outcome data included mentors' self-reflective journal themes and student satisfaction surveys and focus group evaluation of the program...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Jason Shafrin, Taylor T Schwartz, Darius N Lakdawalla, Felicia M Forma
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to antipsychotic medication among patients with schizophrenia results in poor symptom management and increased health care and other costs. Despite its health impact, medication adherence remains difficult to accurately assess. New technologies offer the possibility of real-time patient monitoring data on adherence, which may in turn improve clinical decision making. However, the economic benefit of accurate patient drug adherence information (PDAI) has yet to be evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Paul N Pfeiffer, Marcia Valenstein, Dara Ganoczy, Jennifer Henry, Steven K Dobscha, John D Piette
BACKGROUND: Following discharge, patients hospitalized for depression are at high risk for poor retention in outpatient care and adverse outcomes. AIMS: Pilot tests a post-hospital monitoring and enhanced support program for depression. METHOD: 48 patients at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center discharged following a depression-related inpatient stay received weekly visits or phone calls for 6 months from their choice of either a family member/friend (n = 19) or a certified peer support specialist (n = 29)...
October 25, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Silvie Cooper, Leah Gilbert
This paper focuses on the role of 'social support' in the experience of fibromyalgia (a musculoskeletal pain disorder) in South Africa. In-depth semi-structured interviews were used to collect narratives from 15 participants. Sources of social support constitute important mechanisms for coping with the illness experience of fibromyalgia. In providing a space for consultation and validation of the diagnosis of fibromyalgia, and the person living with the condition, people giving support fulfil a critical role in shaping the experience...
October 26, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Hanns Lochmüller, Yann Le Cam, Anneliene H Jonker, Lilian Pl Lau, Gareth Baynam, Petra Kaufmann, Paul Lasko, Hugh Js Dawkins, Christopher P Austin, Kym M Boycott
The International Rare Diseases Research Consortium (IRDiRC) has created a quality label, 'IRDiRC Recognized Resources', formerly known as 'IRDiRC Recommended'. It is a peer-reviewed quality indicator process established based on the IRDiRC Policies and Guidelines to designate resources (ie, standards, guidelines, tools, and platforms) designed to accelerate the pace of discoveries and translation into clinical applications for the rare disease (RD) research community. In its first year of implementation, 13 resources successfully applied for this designation, each focused on key areas essential to IRDiRC objectives and to the field of RD research more broadly...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Y Seki, A Kakinuma, T Kuchii, K Ohira
BACKGROUND: Chronically ill children are increasingly expected to join their peers in regular classrooms. However, sometimes schools do not provide adequate assistance. This study explores nursing teachers' thoughts and experiences on integrating such students into regular classrooms in Japan. METHODS: We analysed 79 essays written by nursing teachers collectively titled 'The challenges of having chronically ill children in regular classrooms'. We conducted a qualitative study using Kinoshita's Modified Grounded Theory Approach...
October 25, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
A Clarner, W Uter, L Ruhmann, N Wrenger, A Martin, H Drexler
BACKGROUND: Psychological first aid is a common approach for providing support after potentially traumatic events (PTEs). In Germany, a peer support model is recommended by the German Statutory Accident Insurance (DGUV) to reduce sickness absence after occupational accidents, especially in public transportation. However, data on the effectiveness of peer support are very sparse. AIMS: To analyse whether peer support has an impact on sickness absence after work-related traumatic events in public transportation...
October 25, 2016: Occupational Medicine
S Zanoni, E Gabriel, C Salis Gross, M Deppeler, J Haslbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Dawn Witt, Gretchen Benson, Susan Campbell, Arthur Sillah, Kathy Berra
PURPOSE: Social support has been associated with beneficial effects on many disease states and overall health and well-being. However, there is limited research exploring the impact of peer-led support models among women living with coronary heart disease. This study describes the structure of peer-led support groups offered by WomenHeart (WH): The National Coalition for Women Living with Heart Disease, and assesses WH participants' quality of life and social, emotional, and physical health...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Allison N Kurti, Danielle R Davis, Ryan Redner, Brantley P Jarvis, Ivori Zvorsky, Diana R Keith, Hypatia A Bolivar, Thomas J White, Peter Rippberger, Catherine Markesich, Gary Atwood, Stephen T Higgins
Use of technology (e.g., Internet, cell phones) to allow remote implementation of incentives interventions for health-related behavior change is growing. To our knowledge, there has yet to be a systematic review of this literature reported. The present report provides a systematic review of the controlled studies where technology was used to remotely implement financial incentive interventions targeting substance use and other health behaviors published between 2004 and 2015. For inclusion in the review, studies had to use technology to remotely accomplish one of the following two aims alone or in combination: (a) monitor the target behavior, or (b) deliver incentives for achieving the target goal...
June 2016: Translational Issues in Psychological Science
Tomiko Takeuchi, Koko Muraoka, Megumi Yamada, Yuri Nishio, Isao Hozumi
PURPOSE: Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) is a rare, intractable disease with unknown etiology. IBGC3 is a familial genetic disease defined by genetic mutations in the major causative gene (SLC20A2). People with IBGC3 experience distress from the uncommon nature of their illness and uncertainty about treatment and prognoses. The present study aimed to describe the lives and illness of people with IBGC3. METHODS: Participants were recruited from patients aged 20 years or older enrolled in a genetic study, who were diagnosed with IBGC3 and wanted to share their experiences...
2016: SpringerPlus
Chien-Yuan Lin, Joseph E Jakes, Bryon S Donohoe, Peter N Ciesielski, Haibing Yang, Sophie-Charlotte Gleber, Stefan Vogt, Shi-You Ding, Wendy A Peer, Angus S Murphy, Maureen C McCann, Michael E Himmel, Melvin P Tucker, Hui Wei
BACKGROUND: Plant lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant, renewable feedstock for the production of biobased fuels and chemicals. Previously, we showed that iron can act as a co-catalyst to improve the deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass. However, directly adding iron catalysts into biomass prior to pretreatment is diffusion limited, and increases the cost of biorefinery operations. Recently, we developed a new strategy for expressing iron-storage protein ferritin intracellularly to accumulate iron as a catalyst for the downstream deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
David G Stewart, Erin C Siebert, Virginia K Arlt, Claudine Moise-Campbell, Elizabeth Lehinger
We aimed to examine the impact of a school-based Motivational Interviewing (MI) intervention, Project READY, on reducing adolescent substance use. We randomly assigned students (N = 244) to receive the intervention immediately (READY First) or to be in a waitlist control group (WLC). Those in WLC received the intervention once those in READY First had completed the intervention. Our hypotheses were: (1) adolescents in READY First would make greater initial reductions in their alcohol and marijuana use compared to adolescents assigned to WLC, (2) adolescents in READY First would make greater initial reductions in their alcohol and marijuana-related consequences compared to adolescents assigned to WLC, and (3) upon completing treatment, adolescents assigned to WLC would yield substance-related outcomes comparable to their peers in the READY First group...
December 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Subha Rastogi, Madan Mohan Pandey, Aks Rawat
BACKGROUND: Dietary factors play a key role in the development as well as prevention of certain human diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Currently there has been an increase in global interest to identify medicinal plants that are pharmacologically effective and have low or no side effects for use in preventive medicine. Culinary herbs and spices are an important part of human nutrition in all the cultures of the world. There is a growing amount of literature concerning the potential benefits of these herbs and spices from a health perspective especially in conferring protection against cardiovascular diseases...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Luisa N Borrell, Lisa Graham, Sharon P Joseph
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of neighborhood safety and support with overweight and obesity and whether these associations vary with age, sex, and race/ethnicity among children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: United States. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Childhood overweight and obesity. METHODS: We used data from the 2011-12 National Survey of Children's Health, a representative sample of US children and adolescents, for the analyses (N=40,730)...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Jeffrey L Ecker
BACKGROUND: Although growing numbers of women with mobility disability are becoming pregnant and desiring motherhood, relatively little is known about their pregnancy experiences or what they might recommend to other women with mobility disability contemplating pregnancy. METHODS: Using a semistructured, open-ended interview protocol, we conducted 2-hour telephone interviews with 22 women who had a significant mobility disability before becoming pregnant and had delivered babies within the prior 10 years...
October 20, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Christine J Catling, Fiona Reid, Billie Hunter
BACKGROUND: A number of adverse events in Australia and overseas have highlighted the need to examine the workplace culture in the maternity environment. Little attention has been paid to the midwifery workplace culture in Australia. AIM: The study aimed to explore the midwifery workplace culture from the perspective of midwives themselves. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Group and individual interviews were undertaken of urban, regional and rural-based midwives in Australia...
October 19, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Cathleen E Willging, Amy E Green, Mary M Ramos
BACKGROUND: Reducing youth suicide in the United States (U.S.) is a national public health priority, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth are at elevated risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) endorses six evidence-based (EB) strategies that center on meeting the needs of LGBTQ youth in schools; however, fewer than 6 % of U.S. schools implement all of them. The proposed intervention model, "RLAS" (Implementing School Nursing Strategies to Reduce LGBTQ Adolescent Suicide), builds on the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment (EPIS) conceptual framework and the Dynamic Adaptation Process (DAP) to implement EB strategies in U...
October 22, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Angela Dawson, Deborah Bateson, Jane Estoesta, Elizabeth Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Improving access to safe abortion is an essential strategy in the provision of universal access to reproductive health care. Australians are largely supportive of the provision of abortion and its decriminalization. However, the lack of data and the complex legal and service delivery situation impacts upon access for women seeking an early termination of pregnancy. There are no systematic reviews from a health services perspective to help direct health planners and policy makers to improve access comprehensive medical and early surgical abortion in high income countries...
October 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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