keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cinnamon

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735432/eucalyptol-sabinene-and-cinnamaldehyde-potent-inhibitors-of-salmonella-target-protein-l-asparaginase
#1
Archana Vimal, Dharm Pal, Timir Tripathi, Awanish Kumar
Salmonella typhimurium is a severe threat to human life. The treatment became more difficult with the emergence of multidrug resistance. In the present in silico study, a novel drug target L-asparaginase was tested against three ligands eucalyptol, sabinene, and cinnamaldehyde, major components of cardamom, nutmeg, and cinnamon, respectively. The lowest docking score was obtained for sabinene followed by eucalyptol and cinnamaldehyde i.e. -5.648, -3.939 and -3.469. The docking score of sabinene is also better than the standard drug, Ciprofloxacin (-4...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735088/excessive-application-of-pig-manure-increases-the-risk-of-p-loss-in-calcic-cinnamon-soil-in-china
#2
Yanju Yang, Haipeng Zhang, Xiaoqing Qian, Jiannan Duan, Gailan Wang
Soil phosphorus (P) is a critical factor affecting crop yields and water environmental quality. To investigate the degree of loss risk and forms of soil P in calcic cinnamon soil, the P fraction activities in soils were analysed using chemical methods, combined with an in situ field experiment. Seven treatments were set in this study, including control (unfertilized), no P fertilizer (No-P), mineral P fertilizer (Min-P), low (L-Man) and high (H-Man) quantities of pig manure, Min-P+L-Man, and Min-P+H-Man. The results showed that manure fertilizer could not only significantly increase maize yield but could also enhance the accumulation of soil P in organic and inorganic forms...
July 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729836/an-overview-of-herbal-products-and-secondary-metabolites-used-for-management-of-type-two-diabetes
#3
REVIEW
Ajda Ota, Nataša P Ulrih
Diabetes mellitus is a common effect of uncontrolled high blood sugar and it is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs. In the adult population, the global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980. Without effective prevention and management programs, the continuing significant rise in diabetes will have grave consequences on the health and lifespan of the world population, and also on the world economy. Supplements can be used to correct nutritional deficiencies or to maintain an adequate intake of certain nutrients...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713029/successive-odor-matching-and-non-matching-to-sample-in-rats-a-reversal-design
#4
Katherine Bruce, Katherine Dyer, Michael Mathews, Catharine Nealley, Tiffany Phasukkan, Ashley Prichard, Mark Galizio
There is a growing body of research on matching- and non-matching-to-sample (MTS, NMTS) relations with rats using olfactory stimuli; however, the specific characteristics of this relational control are unclear. In the current study we examine MTS and NMTS in rats with an automated olfactometer using a successive (go, no-go) procedure. Ten rats were trained to either match- or non-match-to-sample with common scents (apple, cinnamon, etc.) as olfactory stimuli. After matching or non-matching training with four odorants, rats were tested for transfer twice with four new odorants on each test...
July 13, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698985/a-cinnamon-derived-procyanidin-type-a-compound-inhibits-hepatitis-c-virus-cell-entry
#5
Catherine Fauvelle, Melanie Lambotin, Laura Heydmann, Ekambaranellore Prakash, Sunil Bhaskaran, Mohan Vishwaraman, Thomas F Baumert, Christiane Moog
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver disease worldwide. Although direct-acting antivirals can cure the large majority of treated patients, important limitations remain, including treatment failure and high costs precluding access to therapy in resource-limited settings. We report herein the anti-HCV effects of IND02, a procyanidin type A molecule, isolated and characterized from cinnamon. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using cellculture-derived HCV (HCVcc), HCV pseudoparticles (HCVpp), and subgenomic replicons, we demonstrated that IND02 markedly and dose-dependently inhibited HCV cell entry...
July 11, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694207/cinnamon-extracts-exert-intrapancreatic-cytoprotection-against-streptozotocin-in-vivo
#6
Zuozhuang Liao, Jinni Wang, Hongdi Tan, Limei Wei
In the current study, we aimed to investigate the potential hypoglycemic bioactivity of cinnamon extracts (CES) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia in mice. In biological methods, glucose metabolic ability of all mice was evaluated by glucose tolerance testing (GTT). Blood levels of pancreas-produced insulin, glucagon, inflammation-associated interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In gene level, intrapancreatic mRNA expressions of insulin, TNF-α and nuclear-factor kappa B (NF-κB) were assayed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
July 7, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692754/rapid-sensory-profiling-and-hedonic-rating-of-whole-grain-sorghum-cowpea-composite-biscuits-by-low-income-consumers
#7
Koya A P Dovi, Constance Chiremba, John R N Taylor, Henriëtta L de Kock
BACKGROUND: The challenges of malnutrition and urbanization in Africa demand development of acceptable, affordable, nutritious complementary-type foods. Biscuits (cookies), a popular snack, from whole grain staples is an option. The objective was to relate check-all-that-applies (CATA) sensory profiles of sorghum-cowpea composite biscuits compared to economic commercial refined wheat biscuits with hedonic ratings by low income consumers. In addition, the nutritional composition and protein quality, L*a*b* colour and texture of the biscuits were determined...
July 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688915/targeted-proteome-analysis-with-isotope-coded-protein-labels-for-monitoring-the-influence-of-dietary-phytochemicals-on-the-expression-of-cytoprotective-proteins-in-primary-human-colon-cells
#8
Christiane Östreicher, Sven Bartenbacher, Monika Pischetsrieder
Cytoprotective effects by upregulating cellular expression levels of antioxidant proteins are attributed to a significant number of food ingredients. Evaluation of those cytoprotective effects and identification of the most active components requires reliable and comprehensive proteomic strategies. Thus, promising potential bioactive ingredients could be determined for the prevention of various diseases, including colon cancer formation. We established a multiplexed nanoLC-MS/MS targeted proteomic method, operated in scheduled selected reaction monitoring mode (sSRM), to record modulation of the expression levels of six major antioxidant proteins induced by dietary phytochemicals...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683217/combination-of-antimicrobials-and-essential-oils-as-an-alternative-for-the-control-of-salmonella-enterica-multiresistant-strains-related-to-foodborne-disease
#9
Ana Lucía Solarte, Rafael Jesús Astorga, Fabiana Aguiar, Ángela Galán-Relaño, Alfonso Maldonado, Belén Huerta
Due to the increase in bacterial resistance to antimicrobials (AMBs) commonly used in veterinary and human medicine, the new strategies for controlling zoonoses focus on the study of natural products with demonstrated AMB activity, such as essential oils (EOs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of the combination of enrofloxacin (ENR), ceftiofur (CEF), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) with cinnamon, clove, oregano, and red thyme EOs against multiple drug-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica...
July 6, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678344/prebiotic-potential-and-chemical-composition-of-seven-culinary-spice-extracts
#10
Qing-Yi Lu, Paula H Summanen, Ru-Po Lee, Jianjun Huang, Susanne M Henning, David Heber, Sydney M Finegold, Zhaoping Li
The objective of this study was to investigate prebiotic potential, chemical composition, and antioxidant capacity of spice extracts. Seven culinary spices including black pepper, cayenne pepper, cinnamon, ginger, Mediterranean oregano, rosemary, and turmeric were extracted with boiling water. Major chemical constituents were characterized by RP-HPLC-DAD method and antioxidant capacity was determined by measuring colorimetrically the extent to scavenge ABTS radical cations. Effects of spice extracts on the viability of 88 anaerobic and facultative isolates from intestinal microbiota were determined by using Brucella agar plates containing serial dilutions of extracts...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671272/the-effects-of-different-spices-and-fat-types-on-the-formation-of-heterocyclic-aromatic-amines-in-barbecued-sucuk
#11
Kübra Ünal, Mustafa Karakaya, Fatih Öz
BACKGROUND: Sucuk is one of the popular traditional Turkish meat products. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of different spices (clove, 0.2%; cinnamon, 0.5%) and animal fat types (beef fat, tallow, subcutaneous and tail fat) on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amine (HCA) in barbecued sucuk. RESULTS: While 2-amino-3-methyl-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (MeAαC) could not be detected in the any of the samples, 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (IQx) (up to 0...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666160/on-line-coupling-of-molecularly-imprinted-solid-phase-extraction-with-liquid-chromatography-for-the-fast-determination-of-coumarins-from-complex-samples
#12
Andrea Machyňáková, Ivona Lhotská, Katarína Hroboňová, Dalibor Šatínský
In this work, an on-line SPE-HPLC method with spectrophotometric detection was developed for the determination of coumarins in complex samples. For the on-line cleanup of samples, a molecularly imprinted polymer was packed into the column cartridge and coupled directly with HPLC (MISPE-HPLC) using a column switching system. The separation of coumarins was performed on a C18 core-shell column (100×4.6mm, 5μm) with a mobile phase consisting of 0.3% acetic acid/acetonitrile with gradient elution at a flow-rate of 1mLmin(-1)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665357/enantioselective-michael-addition-of-cyclic-%C3%AE-diones-to-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-unsaturated-enones-catalyzed-by-quinine-based-organocatalysts
#13
Qingqing Wang, Wei Wang, Ling Ye, Xuejun Yang, Xinying Li, Zhigang Zhao, Xuefeng Li
An enantioselective (52-98% ee) Michael addition between cyclic β-diones and α,β-unsaturated enones was established in the presence of quinine-based primary amine or squaramide. A variety of cinnamones were smoothly converted into the desired 3,4-dihydropyrans in moderate to high yields (63-99%). Chalcones were also suitable acceptors and gave rise to the expected adducts in satisfactory yields (31-99%). The resulting adducts readily underwent further modification to form fused 4H-pyran or 2,3-dihydrofuran...
June 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664227/within-family-effects-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-on-adhd-the-importance-of-phenotype
#14
Kristine Marceau, L Cinnamon Bidwell, Hollis C Karoly, Allison Schettini Evans, Alexandre A Todorov, Rohan H Palmer, Andrew C Heath, Valerie S Knopik
We sought to test within- and between- family associations of smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using a structured interview based on the conventional Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) symptoms and the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-Symptoms and Normal-Behavior (SWAN) scale, which is a population based measure that grew out of the notion that an ADHD diagnosis exists on the extreme end of a continuum of normative behaviors and includes both above- and below- average performance on attention and activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638087/mesoscopic-multimodal-imaging-provides-new-insight-to-tumor-tissue-evaluation-an-example-of-macrophage-imaging-of-hepatic-tumor-using-organosilica-nanoparticles
#15
Michihiro Nakamura, Koichiro Hayashi, Hitoshi Kubo, Masafumi Harada, Keisuke Izumi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Toshinobu Yogo
Multimodal imaging using novel multifunctional nanoparticles provides new approach to biomedical field. Thiol-organosilica nanoparticles containing iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and rhodamine B (thiol OS-MNP/Rho) were applied to multimodal imaging of hepatic tumor of Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of LEC rats revealed tumors in the liver clearly and semi-quantitatively due to a labeling of macrophages in liver. The fluorescent imaging (FI) showed abnormal fluorescent patterns of the liver at the mesoscopic level that was between macroscopic and microscopic level...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633539/a-survey-on-chemical-constituents-and-indications-of-aromatic-waters-soft-drinks-hydrosols-used-in-persian-nutrition-culture-and-folk-medicine-for-neurological-disorders-and-mental-health
#16
Azadeh Hamedi, Ardalan Pasdaran, Zahra Zebarjad, Mahmoodreza Moein
In Persian nutrition culture, drinking aromatic waters (hydrosols, distillate) has a long history as functional beverages or therapeutic remedies. The co-distilled water with essential oils, which contains partial amounts of more water-soluble volatile compounds are diluted and used as beverages. Since the solubility of volatile components is different in water, the overall composition, and thus the biological activities of aromatic waters seem to be different from the essential oils they were co-distilled with...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631137/assessment-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-tio2-nps-induced-hepatotoxicity-and-ameliorative-effects-of-cinnamomum-cassia-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#17
Muhammad Shakeel, Farhat Jabeen, Rehana Iqbal, Abdul Shakoor Chaudhry, Sadia Zafar, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Saleem Khan, Adeel Khalid, Samina Shabbir, Muhammad Saleem Asghar
This study assessed the protective effects of Cinnamomum cassia (cinnamon) bark extract in rats exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles or titanium dioxide bulk salt. For in vivo evaluation of the ameliorative role of the cinnamon extract, the experimental groups were orally administered with the cinnamon extract at different dose levels (50 or 100 or 150 mg/kg bodyweight) along with the subcutaneous injections of 150 mg/kg bodyweight titanium dioxide nanoparticles or titanium dioxide bulk salt. The extract showed significant ameliorative role on the antioxidant system in response to elevated levels of titanium dioxide nanoparticles or titanium dioxide bulk salt-induced oxidative stress...
June 19, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629313/editorial-spicing-up-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-with-cinnamon
#18
EDITORIAL
Arduino A Mangoni, Elzbieta A Jarmuzewska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625892/consumers-acceptance-of-medicinal-herbs-an-application-of-the-technology-acceptance-model-tam
#19
Nargesh Khatun Jokar, Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini, Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari, Christos A Damalas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The shift in consumers' preferences from synthetic to 'natural' products has led to a resurgence of interest in medicinal plants, particularly in developing countries. However, research data about consumers' preferences for particular products is hard to find. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to contribute to the general understanding of consumers' intention for selecting medicinal herbs for consumption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Factors underpinning consumers' acceptance of medicinal herbs were studied with the technology acceptance model (TAM) in Rasht City of Iran using a structured questionnaire...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621716/antibacterial-and-antifungal-activities-of-spices
#20
REVIEW
Qing Liu, Xiao Meng, Ya Li, Cai-Ning Zhao, Guo-Yi Tang, Hua-Bin Li
Infectious diseases caused by pathogens and food poisoning caused by spoilage microorganisms are threatening human health all over the world. The efficacies of some antimicrobial agents, which are currently used to extend shelf-life and increase the safety of food products in food industry and to inhibit disease-causing microorganisms in medicine, have been weakened by microbial resistance. Therefore, new antimicrobial agents that could overcome this resistance need to be discovered. Many spices-such as clove, oregano, thyme, cinnamon, and cumin-possessed significant antibacterial and antifungal activities against food spoilage bacteria like Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens, pathogens like Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, harmful fungi like Aspergillus flavus, even antibiotic resistant microorganisms such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
keyword
keyword
48539
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"