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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221885/antibacterial-and-antiadhesive-activities-of-extracts-from-edible-plants-against-soft-drink-spoilage-by-asaia-spp
#1
Hubert Antolak, Agata Czyzowska, Dorota Kregiel
This study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial and antiadhesive activities of ethanol extracts from five edible plant parts: cinnamon bark ( Cinnamomum zeylanicum ), licorice root ( Glycyrrhiza radix ), nettle leaves ( Urtica dioica ), green tea leaves ( Camellia sinensis ), and elderberry flowers ( Sambucus nigra ). The chemical constituents of the extracts were identified using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography plus mass spectrometry. Six strains of Asaia lannensis and Asaia bogorensis bacteria isolated from spoiled commercial fruit-flavored noncarbonated mineral water were used...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216160/effect-of-cortisol-on-gonadotropin-inhibitory-hormone-gnih-in-the-cinnamon-clownfish-amphiprion-melanopus
#2
Young Jae Choi, Hamid R Habibi, Gyung-Suk Kil, Min-Min Jung, Cheol Young Choi
Hypothalamic peptides, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH), play pivotal roles in the control of reproduction and gonadal maturation in fish. In the present study we tested the possibility that stress-mediated reproductive dysfunction in teleost may involve changes in GnRH and GnIH activity. We studied expression of brain GnIH, GnIH-R, seabream GnRH (sbGnRH), as well as circulating levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and cortisol in the cinnamon clownfish, Amphiprion melanopus...
February 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209019/efficacy-of-specific-plant-products-on-microorganisms-causing-dental-caries
#3
M Rajini Kanth, A Ravi Prakash, G Sreenath, Vikram Simha Reddy, S Huldah
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are the most common oral diseases seen globally, both in developed and developing countries. Oral microorganisms that is gram positive and gram negative bacteria are known to be involved in causation of these diseases. Nowadays commercially available dentrifices and mouth rinses are known to contain ingredients that can alter the oral microbial flora and have undesirable side effects such as vomiting, diarrhoea, disarrangement of oral, intestinal flora and tooth staining...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208635/advances-in-non-viral-dna-vectors-for-gene-therapy
#4
Cinnamon L Hardee, Lirio Milenka Arévalo-Soliz, Benjamin D Hornstein, Lynn Zechiedrich
Uses of viral vectors have thus far eclipsed uses of non-viral vectors for gene therapy delivery in the clinic. Viral vectors, however, have certain issues involving genome integration, the inability to be delivered repeatedly, and possible host rejection. Fortunately, development of non-viral DNA vectors has progressed steadily, especially in plasmid vector length reduction, now allowing these tools to fill in specifically where viral or other non-viral vectors may not be the best options. In this review, we examine the improvements made to non-viral DNA gene therapy vectors, highlight opportunities for their further development, address therapeutic needs for which their use is the logical choice, and discuss their future expansion into the clinic...
February 10, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203517/changes-of-membrane-fatty-acids-and-proteins-of-shewanella-putrefaciens-treated-with-cinnamon-oil-and-gamma-irradiation
#5
Fei Lyu, Fei Gao, Qianqian Wei, Lin Liu
BACKGROUND: In order to detect the antimicrobial mechanism of combined treatment of cinnamon oil and gamma irradiation (GI), the membrane fatty acids and proteins characteristics of Shewanella putrefaciens (S. putrefaciens) treated with cinnamon oil and GI, and the distribution of cinnamon oil in S. putrefaciens were observed in this study. RESULTS: The membrane lipid profile of S. putrefaciens was notably damaged by treatments of cinnamon oil and the combination of cinnamon oil and GI, with significantly fatty acids decrease in C14:0, C16:0, C16:1, C17:1, C18:1 (p < 0...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182286/maternal-cinnamon-extract-intake-during-lactation-leads-to-sex-specific-endocrine-modifications-in-rat-offspring
#6
Thais Bento-Bernardes, Fernanda P Toste, Carmen C Pazos-Moura, Karen J Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Cinnamon supplementation has been associated with improvement in glucose disposal and reduction in fat mass in type 2 diabetes. Maternal nutrition during lactation impacts the health of the offspring throughout life. We hypothesize that cinnamon intake by lactating rats affects maternal physiology, leading to hormonal and metabolic changes in their offspring. To investigate this hypothesis, dams received aqueous cinnamon extract (400 mg cinnamon/kg body mass/day) or water orally, during lactation...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176623/effect-of-cinnamomum-cassia-on-the-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-pioglitazone
#7
Sandhya Mamindla, Prasad Koganti, Nagaraju Ravouru, Bharathi Koganti
: Back ground: Millions of people today use herbs either as food or in the form of medicine along with other medications. Many of the herbs can interact with these medications, causing either potentially dangerous side effects or improved or reduced benefits from the medication. OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to determine the influence of cinnamon, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of pioglitazone. METHOD: Studies were conducted in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats and rabbits with oral administration of selected doses of pioglitazone, cinnamon and their combination...
February 7, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166943/cold-adaptive-thermogenesis-following-consumption-of-certain-pungent-spice-principles-a-validation-study
#8
Chaitanya Pandit, K R Anilakumar
Identifying a means to activate or potentiate thermogenic mechanisms through ingestion of dietary compounds have important implications in cold endurance and survival. Although many reports discuss the thermogenic potential of spices, it is surprising that none of the studies verify whether consumption of spices can improve cold endurance. In this study, we have attempted to evaluate if ingestion of certain spices can activate heat-generating mechanisms in the body such that a fall in. core body temperature (CBT) can be delayed or prevented when faced with a cold challenge...
February 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165035/microbial-nitrification-denitrification-and-respiration-in-the-leached-cinnamon-soil-of-the-upper-basin-of-miyun-reservoir
#9
Wen Xu, Yan-Peng Cai, Zhi-Feng Yang, Xin-An Yin, Qian Tan
Leached cinnamon soil is the main agricultural soil distributed in the North China Plain. In this research, leached cinnamon soil samples were collected in the upper basin of Miyun Reservoir (northeast of Beijing, China). The BaPS method (Barometric Process Separation) was applied to measure nitrification, denitrification and respiration rates. The rates of nitrification, denitrification and respiration were 0-120.35 μg N/kg SDW h, 0-246.86 μg N/kg SDW h and 0.17-225.85 μg C/kg SDW h (Soil Dry Weight, SDW), respectively...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134765/dimerized-translationally-controlled-tumor-protein-binding-peptide-ameliorates-atopic-dermatitis-in-nc-nga-mice
#10
Xing-Hai Jin, Juhyeon Lim, Dong Hae Shin, Jeehye Maeng, Kyunglim Lee
Our previous study showed that dimerized translationally controlled tumor protein (dTCTP) plays a role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, such as asthma and allergic rhinitis. A 7-mer peptide, called dTCTP-binding peptide 2 (dTBP2), binds to dTCTP and inhibits its cytokine-like effects. We therefore examined the protective effects of dTBP2 in house dust mite-induced atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin lesions in Nishiki-nezumi Cinnamon/Nagoya (NC/Nga) mice. We found that topical administration of dTBP2 significantly reduced the AD-like skin lesions formation and mast cell infiltration in NC/Nga mice, similarly to the response seen in the Protopic (tacrolimus)-treated group...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096957/cinnamon-effects-on-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-based-on-its-mechanisms
#11
REVIEW
Hamid Mollazadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major risk factors of death globally. One of the most undeniable reasons of CVDs is metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is defined as a complex of diseases including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The use of complementary medicine such as traditional herbal species can be effective in treatment of MetS's complications. Cinnamomum verum (family Lauraceae) is a medicinal global plant which has been used daily by people all over the world...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092845/cinnamaldehyde-potentially-attenuates-gestational-hyperglycemia-in-rats-through-modulation-of-ppar%C3%AE-proinflammatory-cytokines-and-oxidative-stress
#12
Ahmed A Hosni, A Adel Abdel-Moneim, Eman S Abdel-Reheim, Samah M Mohamed, Hamdi Helmy
Cinnamon has a history of use for medicinal purposes and its major benefits have been linked to cinnamaldehyde. The present study aimed to investigate the hypoglycemic action of cinnamaldehyde against fatty-sucrosed diet/streptozotocin (FSD/STZ)-rat model of gestational diabetes. Female albino rats were divided into three groups. Group I fed with normal diet (ND) while group II and III were fed with FSD for eight weeks (five weeks pre-gestational and three weeks gestational). Rats of group III were administered with a daily oral dose of 20mg/kg cinnamaldehyde one week before mating onward...
January 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071013/the-industrial-potential-of-herbs-and-spices-a-mini-review
#13
REVIEW
Katarzyna B Leja, Katarzyna Czaczyk
Herbs and spices have been used for food and medicinal purposes for centuries - the first recorded evidence of their use dates back to 1500BC and the Ebers Papyrus, which mentioned spices such as anise, mustard, saffron, cinnamon, and cassia. Now, in the 21st century, a variety of secondary compounds produced by plants are used in many fields of industry, such as food production (to improve taste, to provide vitamins and macro- and microelements, and also to inhibit food spoilage caused by foodborne bacteria), in medicine (in the treatment of various diseases; in chemoprevention and cancer therapy; as a source of natural antimicrobials for the treatment of infectious disease), and in pharmacology and cosmetology (in dietary supplements, and as a result of the demand for preservative-free cosmetics, to reduce the risk of methylparaben allergies)...
October 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065902/princess-privacy-protecting-rare-disease-international-network-collaboration-via-encryption-through-software-guard-extensions
#14
Feng Chen, Shuang Wang, Xiaoqian Jiang, Sijie Ding, Yao Lu, Jihoon Kim, S Cenk Sahinalp, Chisato Shimizu, Jane C Burns, Victoria J Wright, Eileen Png, Martin L Hibberd, David D Lloyd, Hai Yang, Amalio Telenti, Cinnamon S Bloss, Dov Fox, Kristin Lauter, Lucila Ohno-Machado
MOTIVATION: We introduce PRINCESS, a privacy-preserving international collaboration framework for analyzing rare disease genetic data that are distributed across different continents. PRINCESS leverages Software Guard Extensions (SGX) and hardware for trustworthy computation. Unlike a traditional international collaboration model, where individual-level patient DNA are physically centralized at a single site, PRINCESS performs a secure and distributed computation over encrypted data, fulfilling institutional policies and regulations for protected health information...
January 8, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064201/a-method-for-classifying-user-reported-electronic-cigarette-liquid-flavors
#15
Jessica M Yingst, Susan Veldheer, Erin Hammett, Shari Hrabovsky, Jonathan Foulds
BACKGROUND: Along with the growth in popularity of electronic cigarette devices (e-cigs), the variety of e-cig liquids (e-liquid) available to users has also grown. Although some studies have published data about the use of flavored e-liquid, there is no standardized way to group flavors making it difficult to interpret the data and replicate results across studies. The current study describes a method to classify user-reported e-liquid flavors and presents the resulting proportion of users in each flavor group in a large online survey of e-cig users...
January 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063174/oral-supplementation-of-trans-cinnamaldehyde-reduces-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-colonization-in-a-mouse-model
#16
A Narayanan, M S Muyyarikkandy, S Mooyottu, K Venkitanarayanan, M A R Amalaradjou
: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the United States result in more than 7 million hospital visits per year. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is responsible for more than 80% of UTIs. Although antibiotics are the drug of choice to control UTIs, their repeated use has resulted in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant UPEC. Thus, there is a need for effective alternate strategies to control UPEC infections. This study investigated the efficacy of trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), a food-grade molecule present in cinnamon, in reducing UPEC colonization and pathogenesis in the lower UTI...
January 7, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007687/reimagining-human-research-protections-for-21st-century-science
#17
Cinnamon Bloss, Camille Nebeker, Matthew Bietz, Deborah Bae, Barbara Bigby, Mary Devereaux, James Fowler, Ann Waldo, Nadir Weibel, Kevin Patrick, Scott Klemmer, Lori Melichar
BACKGROUND: Evolving research practices and new forms of research enabled by technological advances require a redesigned research oversight system that respects and protects human research participants. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to generate creative ideas for redesigning our current human research oversight system. METHODS: A total of 11 researchers and institutional review board (IRB) professionals participated in a January 2015 design thinking workshop to develop ideas for redesigning the IRB system...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994045/effects-of-activation-on-the-elastic-properties-of-intact-soleus-muscles-with-a-deletion-in-titin
#18
Jenna A Monroy, Krysta L Powers, Cinnamon M Pace, Theodore Uyeno, Kiisa C Nishikawa
Titin has long been known to contribute to muscle passive tension. Recently, it was also demonstrated that titin-based stiffness increases upon Ca(2+)-activation of wildtype mouse psoas myofibrils stretched beyond overlap of the thick and thin filaments. In addition, this increase in titin-based stiffness upon activation was impaired in single psoas myofibrils from mdm mice with a deletion in titin. Here, we investigate the effects of muscle activation on elastic properties of intact soleus muscles from wildtype and mdm mice to determine whether titin may contribute to active muscle stiffness...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992311/evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-activity-of-extracts-and-active-principles-of-commonly-consumed-indian-spices
#19
Kartick Patra, Samarjit Jana, Deba Prasad Mandal, Shamee Bhattacharjee
Accumulating evidence suggests that free radical reactions play a key part in the development of degenerative diseases and that an antioxidant-rich diet is a major defense against these free radical reactions. In this study, we explore comparative antioxidant capacities of extracts of some commonly used in Indian spices (anise, cardamom, Ceylon cinnamon, and clove) along with their purified components (anethole, eucalyptol, cinnamaldehyde, and eugenol, respectively). Eugenol shows the highest 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, hydroxyl, and superoxide scavenging and reducing power activity in terms of weight; however, this was not found when compared in terms of equivalence...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988226/trypanocidal-activity-of-the-compounds-present-in-aniba-canelilla-oil-against-trypanosoma-evansi-and-its-effects-on-viability-of-lymphocytes
#20
Janice L Giongo, Rodrigo A Vaucher, Aleksandro S Da Silva, Camila B Oliveira, Cristiane B de Mattos, Matheus D Baldissera, Michele R Sagrillo, Silvia G Monteiro, Dayana L Custódio, Marcielly Souza de Matos, Paulo T Sampaio, Helder F Teixeira, Letícia S Koester, Valdir F da Veiga Junior
Aniba canelilla (H.B.K.) Mez, popularly known as "casca-preciosa" (precious bark), is a plant of the Lauraceae family, widely distributed in the Amazon region. Its major constituent is 1-nitro-2-phenylethane, a rare molecule in plants which is responsible for this plant's cinnamon scent. The present study aimed to report the chemical characterization of the oil extracted from Aniba canelilla using gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry and to assess its in vitro trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma evansi, a prevalent haemoflagellate parasite that affects a broad range of mammal species in Africa, Asia and South America...
December 14, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
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