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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520947/synergistic-effect-of-spice-extracts-and-modified-atmospheric-packaging-towards-non-thermal-preservation-of-chicken-meat-under-refrigerated-storage
#1
M Sivarajan, U Lalithapriya, Peter Mariajenita, B Aafrin Vajiha, K Harini, D Madhushalini, M Sukumar
This study investigates the integrated approach of spice extracts and modified atmospheric packaging (MAP) chicken meat preservation. Specifically, extracts from clove (CL), cinnamon (CI) individually and in combination (3% w/w) along with MAP (30% CO2/70% N2 and 10% O2/30% CO2/60% N2) were used to increase the shelf life of fresh chicken meat stored at 4°C. The parameters evaluated as shelf life indications are microbiological (total viable count, Pseudomonas spp., lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and Enterobacteriaceae), physicochemical (pH, Lipid oxidation, color changes) and Sensory attributes...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512748/genetic-influences-on-adhd-symptom-dimensions-examination-of-a-priori-candidates-gene-based-tests-genome-wide-variation-and-snp-heritability
#2
L Cinnamon Bidwell, Joshua C Gray, Jessica Weafer, Abraham A Palmer, Harriet de Wit, James MacKillop
Although the heritability of ADHD is estimated to be high, identifying specific genetic markers remains challenging. Most studies to date have examined the genetic basis of ADHD by employing dichotomous diagnostic phenotypes, but, as ADHD symptoms tend to be phenotypically dimensional, an alternative and potentially informative approach is to examine continuous indices of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms. The current study aimed to identify genetic effects on dimensionally-focused adult ADHD-related phenotypes in 990 individuals of European ancestry with intentionally low levels of substance misuse to avoid confounding...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512603/bactericidal-activity-of-herbal-volatile-oil-extracts-against-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#3
Amornrat Intorasoot, Piyaorn Chornchoem, Siriwoot Sookkhee, Sorasak Intorasoot
AIM: The aim of the study is to investigate the antibacterial activity of 10 volatile oils extracted from medicinal plants, including galangal (Alpinia galanga Linn.), ginger (Zingiber officinale), plai (Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.), lime (Citrus aurantifolia), kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix DC.), sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum Linn.), tree basil (Ocimum gratissimum), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus DC.), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), and cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) against four standard strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and 30 clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant A...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479753/the-effect-of-metformin-and-cinnamon-on-serum-anti-mullerian-hormone-in-women-having-pcos-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Budi Wiweko, Cynthia A Susanto
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known to be associated with insulin resistance and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), leading to the use of insulin-sensitizing agents (ISAs) to manage PCOS. Metformin is the most widely used ISA to treat irregular menstruation; however, the gastrointestinal side effects are quite debilitating. The development of herbal medicines such as bioactive fraction DLBS3233 offers a possibly effective treatment with minimal side effects. AIM: To determine the effect of metformin and DLBS3233 on serum AMH level...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467186/potential-of-cinnamon-oil-emulsions-as-alternative-washing-solutions-of-carrots
#5
Yue Zhang, Huaiqiong Chen, Faith Critzer, P Michael Davidson, Qixin Zhong
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of cinnamon oil emulsions as alternative washing solutions to improve the microbial safety of carrots. Whey protein concentrate (WPC), gum arabic (GA), lecithin, and their combinations were used to prepare cinnamon oil emulsions. The emulsions were characterized for their hydrodynamic diameter (Dh) during 7 days of storage and their antimicrobial activity against cocktails of Salmonella enterica , Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes ...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453182/engineering-pores-of-biomass-derived-carbon-insights-for-achieving-ultra-high-stability-at-high-power-in-high-energy-supercapacitors
#6
Yun-Sung Lee, Ranjith Thangavel, Karthikeyan Kaliyappan, Hari Vignesh Ramasamy, Xueliang Sun
Electrochemical supercapacitors possessing a high energy density are promising devices due to their simple construction and long-term cycling performance. Developing a supercapacitor based on electrical double layer charge storage with high energy density while preserving its cyclability at higher power presents an ongoing challenge. We hereby provide the insights for achieving a high energy density at high power with an ultra-high stability in Electrical Double Layer Capacitor (EDLC) system utilizing carbon from a biomass-cinnamon sticks in a sodium ion organic electrolyte...
April 28, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450018/interaction-between-natural-antioxidants-derived-from-cinnamon-and-cocoa-in-binary-and-complex-mixtures
#7
Dimas Rahadian Aji Muhammad, Danar Praseptiangga, Davy Van de Walle, Koen Dewettinck
Cinnamon and cocoa are known to be valuable sources of bioactive phytochemicals, mainly the polyphenols. This paper investigates the potential antioxidant activity of cinnamon and cocoa extract and the interaction of their mixtures by various in vitro tests. Moreover, the combination effect of their constituents in a binary mixture was studied. Two representative active compounds of chocolate (epicatechin, catechin) were combined with seven of cinnamon (gallic acid, tannic acid, quercetin, sinapic acid, cinnamic acid, eugenol and cinnamaldehyde) in multilevel ratios...
September 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449595/pharmaceutical-perspectives-of-spices-and-condiments-as-alternative-antimicrobial-remedy
#8
Savita P D'Souza, Suvarna V Chavannavar, B Kanchanashri, S B Niveditha
Medicinal values of spices and condiments are being revived by biologists through in vitro and in vivo trials providing evidence for its antimicrobial activities. The essential oils and extracts of spices like black pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg contain active compounds like piperine, eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, and lignans. Similarly, condiments like coriander, black cumin, turmeric, garlic, and ginger are recognized for constituents like linalool, thymoquinones, curcumin, allicin, and geranial respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447399/genome-wide-association-study-of-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder-hand-a-charter-group-study
#9
Peilin Jia, Zhongming Zhao, Todd Hulgan, William S Bush, David C Samuels, Cinnamon S Bloss, Robert K Heaton, Ronald J Ellis, Nicholas Schork, Christina M Marra, Ann C Collier, David B Clifford, Benjamin B Gelman, Ned Sacktor, Susan Morgello, David M Simpson, J Allen McCutchan, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Donald R Franklin, Debralee Rosario, Scott L Letendre, Igor Grant, Asha R Kallianpur
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) often complicates HIV infection despite combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) and may be influenced by host genomics. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of HAND in 1,050 CNS HIV Anti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) Study participants. All participants underwent standardized, comprehensive neurocognitive, and neuromedical assessments to determine if they had cognitive impairment as assessed by the Global Deficit Score (GDS), and individuals with comorbidities that could confound diagnosis of HAND were excluded...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444928/antiinflammatory-activity-of-cinnamon-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-bark-essential-oil-in-a-human-skin-disease-model
#10
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
The effect of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) bark essential oil (CBEO) on human skin cells has not been elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the activity of a commercially available CBEO in a validated human dermal fibroblast system, a model of chronic inflammation and fibrosis. We first evaluated the impact of CBEO on 17 protein biomarkers that play critical roles in inflammation and tissue remodeling. The impact of CBEO on genome-wide gene expression was also evaluated. CBEO showed strong anti-proliferative effects on skin cells and significantly inhibited the production of several inflammatory biomarkers, including vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, interferon gamma-induced protein 10, interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant, and monokine induced by gamma interferon...
April 26, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438206/exogenous-gene-transfer-of-rab-3-8-small-gtpase-ameliorates-aberrant-lung-surfactant-homeostasis-in-ruby-rats
#11
Kazuhiro Osanai, Keisuke Nakase, Takashi Sakuma, Kazuaki Nishiki, Masafumi Nojiri, Ryo Kato, Masatoshi Saito, Yuki Fujimoto, Shiro Mizuno, Hirohisa Toga
BACKGROUND: Rab(3)8 small GTPase regulates intracellular transport in melanocytes and alveolar type II epithelial cells. Ruby rats carrying Rab(3)8 and other gene mutations exhibit oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding diathesis, and hence, are a rat model of human Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS). We previously showed that Long Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, one strain of the Ruby rats, developed aberrant lung surfactant homeostasis with remarkably enlarged lamellar bodies in alveolar type II cells...
April 24, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433110/animal-models-of-wilson-disease
#12
Valentina Medici, Dominik Huster
Wilson disease (WD) is caused by ATPase copper-transporting beta (ATP7B) mutations and results in copper toxicity in liver and brain. Although the defective gene was identified in 1993, the specific mechanisms underlying copper toxicity and the remarkable phenotypic diversity of the disease are still poorly understood. Animal models harboring defects in the ATP7B homolog have helped to reveal new insights into pathomechanisms of WD. Four rodent models with ATP7B gene defects have been described - the Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat, inbred mouse models (toxic milk (tx), the Jackson Laboratory toxic milk (tx-j)), and the genetically engineered ATP7B(-/-) (knockout) mouse - all of which develop liver disease to different extents...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425569/a-comparative-study-of-natural-antimicrobial-delivery-systems-for-microbial-safety-and-quality-of-fresh-cut-lettuce
#13
Laura E Hill, Daniela A Oliveira, Katherine Hills, Cassie Giacobassi, Jecori Johnson, Harvey Summerlin, T Matthew Taylor, Carmen L Gomes
Nanoencapsulation can provide a means to effectively deliver antimicrobial compounds and enhance the safety of fresh produce. However, to date there are no studies which directly compares how different nanoencapsulation systems affect fresh produce safety and quality. This study compared the effects on quality and safety of fresh-cut lettuce treated with free and nanoencapsulated natural antimicrobial, cinnamon bark extract (CBE). A challenge study compared antimicrobial efficacy of 3 different nanoencapsulated CBE systems...
May 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422145/compromised-external-validity-federally-produced-cannabis-does-not-reflect-legal-markets
#14
Daniela Vergara, L Cinnamon Bidwell, Reggie Gaudino, Anthony Torres, Gary Du, Travis C Ruthenburg, Kymron deCesare, Donald P Land, Kent E Hutchison, Nolan C Kane
As the most widely used illicit drug worldwide, and as a source of numerous under-studied pharmacologically-active compounds, a precise understanding of variability in psychological and physiological effects of Cannabis varieties is essential. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is designated as the sole legal producer of Cannabis for use in US research studies. We sought to compare the chemical profiles of Cannabis varieties that are available to consumers in states that have state-legalized use versus what is available to researchers interested in studying the plant and its effects...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402798/morphological-and-molecular-evidence-for-three-new-species-of-coltricia-hymenochaetaceae-basidiomycota-from-southern-china
#15
Lu-Sen Bian, Yu-Cheng Dai
Three new species of Coltricia from southern China are described on the basis of morphological characters and molecular analyses. Phylogenetic analyses based on nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 and partial 28S rDNA, and partial sequences of genes for RNA polymerase II subunits 1 and 2 confirmed the generic placement of the three new species. Coltricia lateralis is characterized by small, laterally stipitate basidiocarps, obtuse pileus margin, cinnamon-buff to honey yellow pore surface, and broadly ellipsoid basidiospores that measure 7-8 × 5-6 µm...
2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399694/development-of-essential-oils-as-skin-permeation-enhancers-penetration-enhancement-effect-and-mechanism-of-action
#16
Qiudong Jiang, Yeming Wu, Hui Zhang, Pei Liu, Junhong Yao, Peijun Yao, Jun Chen, Jinao Duan
CONTEXT: Essential oils (EOs) have shown the potential to reversibly overcome the stratum corneum (SC) barrier to enhance the skin permeation of drugs. OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of turpentine, Angelica, chuanxiong, Cyperus, cinnamon, and clove oils were investigated for the capacity and mechanism to promote skin penetration of ibuprofen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skin permeation studies of ibuprofen across rat abdominal skin with the presence of 3% w/v EOs were carried out; samples were withdrawn from the receptor compartment at 8, 10, 22, 24, 26, 28, 32, 36, and 48 h and analyzed for ibuprofen content by the HPLC method...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398231/antibacterial-activity-of-ethanolic-extract-of-cinnamon-bark-honey-and-their-combination-effects-against-acne-causing-bacteria
#17
Elin Julianti, Kasturi K Rajah, Irda Fidrianny
Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis are the major skin bacteria that cause the formation of acne. The present study was conducted to investigate antibacterial activity of ethanolic extract of cinnamon bark, honey, and their combination against acne bacteria. The antibacterial activity of extract of cinnamon bark and honey were investigated against P. acnes and S. epidermidis using disc diffusion. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) were attained using Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) methods...
April 11, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396714/cinnamon-polyphenol-extract-inhibits-hyperlipidemia-and-inflammation-by-modulation-of-transcription-factors-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#18
Zeynep Tuzcu, Cemal Orhan, Nurhan Sahin, Vijaya Juturu, Kazim Sahin
We evaluated the effects of cinnamon polyphenol extract on hepatic transcription factors expressions including SREBP-1c and LXR-α in rats fed high fat diet (HFD). Twenty-eight Wistar rats were allocated into four groups: (i) normal control: animals fed with normal chow; (ii) cinnamon: animals supplemented with cinnamon polyphenol; (iii) HFD: animals fed a high-fat diet; and (iv) HFD + cinnamon: animals fed a high-fat diet and treated with cinnamon polyphenol. Obesity was linked to hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and oxidative stress as imitated by elevated serum glucose, lipid profile, and serum and liver malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395819/evaluation-of-the-release-profile-stability-and-antioxidant-activity-of-a-proanthocyanidin-rich-cinnamon-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-extract-co-encapsulated-with-%C3%AE-tocopherol-by-spray-chilling
#19
Fabrício L Tulini, Volnei B Souza, Marcelo Thomazini, Marluci P Silva, Adna P Massarioli, Severino M Alencar, Eliria M J A Pallone, Maria I Genovese, Carmen S Favaro-Trindade
Cinnamon has many health improving compounds such as proanthocyanidins, which also have potential for the prevention of damages caused by diabetes. Similarly, α-tocopherol is a natural antioxidant with important role on protection of fatty acids in membranes and lipoproteins. However, the addition of antioxidants in food may result in interaction with food matrix, low stability and unpleasant taste. In the present study, a proanthocyanidin-rich cinnamon extract (PRCE) (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) was co-encapsulated with α-tocopherol into solid lipid microparticles (SLMs) by spray chilling...
May 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380334/chitosan-cinnamon-essential-oil-nano-formulation-application-as-a-novel-additive-for-controlled-release-and-shelf-life-extension-of-beef-patties
#20
M Ghaderi-Ghahfarokhi, M Barzegar, M A Sahari, H Ahmadi Gavlighi, F Gardini
In this study cinnamon essential oil-incorporated chitosan nanoparticles (CEO-CSNPs) were produced by an emulsion-gelation method. Size, zeta potential and polydispersity index of the formed nanoparticles were 235.6nm, 25.1mV and 0.33, respectively. In vitro release evaluation showed an initial burst effect, followed by a slow CEO release during 104h (at pH∼5). Different formulations of patties including control, samples containing free and encapsulated CEO and ascorbic acid were analyzed for physicochemical characteristics, microbial growth and sensorial attributes during 8days of storage at 4°C...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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