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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538994/predictive-feature-remapping-before-saccadic-eye-movements
#1
Dongjun He, Ce Mo, Fang Fang
Saccadic eye movements cause rapid and dramatic displacements of the retinal image of the visual world, yet our conscious perception of the world remains stable and continuous. A popular explanation for this remarkable ability of our visual system to compensate for the displacements is the predictive feature remapping theory. The theory proposes that, before saccades, the representation of a visual stimulus can be predictively transferred from neurons that initially encode the stimulus to neurons whose receptive fields will encompass the stimulus location after the saccade...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538991/hierarchical-bayesian-measurement-models-for-continuous-reproduction-of-visual-features-from-working-memory
#2
Klaus Oberauer, Colin Stoneking, Dominik Wabersich, Hsuan-Yu Lin
The article presents Bayesian hierarchical modeling frameworks for two measurement models for visual working memory. The models can be applied to the distributions of responses on a circular feature dimension, as obtained with the continuous reproduction (a.k.a. delayed estimation) task. The first measurement model is a mixture model that describes the response distributions as a mixture of one (Zhang & Luck, 2008) or several (Bays, Catalao, & Husain, 2009) von-Mises distribution(s) and a uniform distribution...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538944/gauging-the-auditory-dimensions-of-dysarthric-impairment-reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-bogenhausen-dysarthria-scales-bodys
#3
Wolfram Ziegler, Anja Staiger, Theresa Schölderle, Mathias Vogel
Purpose: Standardized clinical assessment of dysarthria is essential for management and research. We present a new, fully standardized dysarthria assessment, the Bogenhausen Dysarthria Scales (BoDyS). The measurement model of the BoDyS is based on auditory evaluations of connected speech using 9 scales (traits) assessed by 4 elicitation methods. Analyses of the BoDyS' reliability and construct validity were performed to test this model, with the aim of gauging the auditory dimensions of speech impairment in dysarthria...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538868/comparative-analysis-of-death-by-suicide-in-brazil-and-in-the-united-states-descriptive-cross-sectional-time-series-study
#4
Alexander Abuabara, Allan Abuabara, Carin Albino Luçolli Tonchuk
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization recognizes suicide as a public health priority. Increased knowledge of suicide risk factors is needed in order to be able to adopt effective prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the association between the Gini coefficient (which is used to measure inequality) and suicide death rates over a 14-year period (2000-2013) in Brazil and in the United States (US). The hypothesis put forward was that reduction of income inequality is accompanied by reduction of suicide rates...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538843/-measurement-of-physical-activity-by-triaxial-accelerometers-n-schoolchildren-from-three-peruvian-cities
#5
Katherine Alvis-Chirinos, Lucio Huamán-Espino, Jenny Pillaca, Juan Pablo Aparco
Objectives.: To determine the proportion of primary school students who fulfill the World Health Organization (WHO)recommendations on physical activity and the factors associated with less time of moderate-intense physical activity in urban areas of three cities in Peru. Materials and methods.: Cross-sectional study with a random selection of schoolchildren aged 6 to 13 from public educational institutions in urban areas of Chiclayo, Huaraz and Tarapoto. In order to measure the time and intensity of physical activity, schoolchildren were given an accelerometer for a week...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538831/effects-of-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-in-vocal-folds-diadochokinesis-of-dysphonic-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Christiano Giácomo Carneiro, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To verify and compare the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) on laryngeal diadochokinesis (DDK) of dysphonic women. Methods: Twenty women with bilateral vocal nodules participated and were equally divided into: LMT Group - LMT application; TENS Group - TENS application; both groups received 12 sessions of treatment, twice a week, with a duration of 20 minutes each, applied by the same therapist...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538827/metacognitive-reading-strategies-of-children-with-learning-disabilities
#7
Ana Paola Nicolielo-Carrilho, Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage
Purpose: to check the use of metacognitive reading strategies in children with learning disabilities and determine whether there is a relationship between their use and text comprehension. Methods: the study was conducted on 30 children, aged 8 to 12 years, of both genders, divided into experimental group (EG) - 15 children with learning disabilities; and control group (CG) - 15 children without disability. All children were submitted to the Reading Strategies Scale and Prolec text comprehension subtest...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538826/functional-change-in-the-pattern-of-swallowing-through-the-performance-of-orofacial-exercises
#8
Irina Claudia Fernandes Alves, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
Purpose: The objective was to determine if there was functional improvement of swallowing pattern in subjects identified with risk of oropharyngeal dysphagia after four weeks of specific oropharyngeal exercises. These exercises have pre-determined intensity and duration. Methods: It is a longitudinal study of functional effect, determined by initial and final comparative measures. Participants were adults and elderly, selected in a period of 24 months. A total of 68 participants were included...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538808/application-of-the-therapeutic-relationship-to-people-with-common-mental-disorder
#9
Maria do Perpétuo Socorro de Sousa Nóbrega, Marta Francisca Trigo Fernandes, Priscila de Freitas Silva
Objective: To report the results from applying a therapeutic relationship to people with common mental disorder. Method: Quantitative, descriptive, before and after study, conducted with 112 records accessed from an extension project in mental health in primary health care in Santo André, São Paulo. Screening was performed using a Self-Reporting Questionnaire. Data was collected in October 2014 and analyzed using simple frequency measures. Results: The entry score ranged between 7 and18 points, and the higher the frequency, the more relationship sessions were necessary...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538793/-evaluability-of-the-health-gym-program-in-recife-pernambuco-state-brazil
#10
Rafaela Niels da Silva, Flávio Renato Barros da Guarda, Pedro Curi Hallal, Petrônio José de Lima Martelli
Implementation of the Health Gym Program is one of the key strategies in the Brazilian National Health Promotion Policy, but thus far no evaluability studies have been performed on this intervention in Recife, Pernambuco State, one of the first cities in the country to implement this intervention. This study aimed to measure the evaluability of the Health Gym Program in the city of Recife, based on the description of the intervention and the elaboration of its log frame model and theoretical models for evaluation, in addition to identifying evaluative questions...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538781/effects-that-passive-cycling-exercise-have-on-muscle-strength-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-and-length-of-hospital-stay-in-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Aline Dos Santos Machado, Ruy Camargo Pires-Neto, Maurício Tatsch Ximenes Carvalho, Janice Cristina Soares, Dannuey Machado Cardoso, Isabella Martins de Albuquerque
Objective: To evaluate the effects that passive cycling exercise, in combination with conventional physical therapy, have on peripheral muscle strength, duration of mechanical ventilation, and length of hospital stay in critically ill patients admitted to the ICU of a tertiary care university hospital. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial involving 38 patients (≥ 18 years of age) on mechanical ventilation who were randomly divided into two groups: control (n = 16), receiving conventional physical therapy; and intervention (n = 22), receiving conventional physical therapy and engaging in passive cycling exercise five days per week...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538779/sweat-test-and-cystic-fibrosis-overview-of-test-performance-at-public-and-private-centers-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#12
Maria Fátima Servidoni, Carla Cristina Souza Gomez, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, Adyléia Aparecida Dalbo Contrera Toro, Maria Ângela Gonçalves de Oliveira Ribeiro, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Antônio Fernando Ribeiro
Objective: The sweat test (ST) measures chloride levels in sweat and is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF). However, the reliability of a ST depends on their being performed by experienced technicians and in accordance with strict guidelines. Our aim was to evaluate how sweat stimulation, sweat collection, and chloride measurement are performed at 14 centers (9 public centers and 5 private centers) that routinely perform STs in the state of São Paulo, which has the highest frequency of CF in Brazil...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538747/a-retrospective-review-of-light-and-laser-based-management-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#13
Melissa A Levoska, Cynthia L Nicholson, Iltefat H Hamzavi
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease that is difficult to manage and often refractory to medical management. Light and laser therapies have been utilized in the field of dermatology to treat a variety of skin conditions, but more recently were studied in the management of HS. Usually performed as outpatient procedures with a low risk of complications, they offer several advantages to traditional cold knife surgical procedures. We reviewed the various light- and laser-based treatments studied in HS and compared their efficacy...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538746/medical-management-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#14
Lauren Av Orenstein, Robert G Micheletti
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease of the folliculo-infundibular unit for which no individual treatment is uniformly effective. A wide array of therapies has been reported successful in the treatment of hidradenitis, although few high-quality clinical trials have been conducted. Comparing the effectiveness of different therapies has proven challenging due to heterogeneity and limited validation of outcome measures. We performed a systematic review of clinical trials of medical treatments for hidradenitis, yielding 8 articles reporting on 9 trials of antibiotic, hormonal, and biologic therapies...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538680/diazonium-salt-based-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-nanosensor-detection-and-quantitation-of-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-water-samples
#15
Inga Tijunelyte, Stéphanie Betelu, Jonathan Moreau, Ioannis Ignatiadis, Catherine Berho, Nathalie Lidgi-Guigui, Erwann Guénin, Catalina David, Sébastien Vergnole, Emmanuel Rinnert, Marc Lamy de la Chapelle
Here, we present a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) nanosensor for environmental pollutants detection. This study was conducted on three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), fluoranthene (FL), and naphthalene (NAP). SERS substrates were chemically functionalized using 4-dodecyl benzenediazonium-tetrafluoroborate and SERS analyses were conducted to detect the pollutants alone and in mixtures. Compounds were first measured in water-methanol (9:1 volume ratio) samples. Investigation on solutions containing concentrations ranging from 10(-6) g L(-1) to 10(-3) g L(-1) provided data to plot calibration curves and to determine the performance of the sensor...
May 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538643/immature-patients-in-a-mature-system-regional-analysis-of-florida-s-pediatric-trauma-system
#16
Christopher W Snyder, Nicole M Chandler, Cristen N Litz, Etienne E Pracht, Paul D Danielson, David J Ciesla
BACKGROUND: The state of Florida's trauma system is organized into seven regions, two of which lack designated pediatric trauma centers. Injured children residing in these regions often require transfer out of their home region for definitive care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the current regionalization approach, focusing on variations between regions. METHODS: Using the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration database, we identified all trauma patients 15 years old or younger admitted between 2009 and 2014...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538624/comparison-of-compensatory-reserve-and-arterial-lactate-as-markers-of-shock-and-resuscitation
#17
Michael Johnson, Abdul Alarhayem, Victor Convertino, Robert Carter, Kevin Chung, Ronald Stewart, John Myers, Daniel Dent, Lilian Liao, Ramon Cestero, Susannah Nicholson, Mark Muir, Martin Schwaca, David Wampler, Mark DeRosa, Brian Eastridge
BACKGROUND: During traumatic hemorrhage, the ability to identify shock and intervene prior to decompensation is paramount to survival. Lactate is extremely sensitive to shock and its clearance has been demonstrated a useful gauge of shock and resuscitation status. Though lactate can be measured in the field, logistical constraints render it impractical in certain environments. The Compensatory Reserve represents a new clinical measurement reflecting the remaining capacity to compensate for hypoperfusion...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538608/assessing-dehydration-employing-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-in-children-with-vomiting-and-diarrhea
#18
Stephen B Freedman, David W Johnson, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Angelo Mikrogianakis, Sarah Williamson-Urquhart, Nicholas Monfries, Adam Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Serum bicarbonate reflects dehydration severity in children with gastroenteritis. Previous work in children receiving intravenous rehydration has correlated end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) with serum bicarbonate. We evaluated whether EtCO2 predicts weight change in children with vomiting and/or diarrhea. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. Eligible children were 3 months to 10 years old and presented for emergency department (ED) care because of vomiting and/or diarrhea...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538601/psychometric-properties-of-the-finnish-version-of-the-women-s-health-questionnaire
#19
Riina E Katainen, Janne R Engblom, Tero J Vahlberg, Päivi Polo-Kantola
OBJECTIVE: The Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) is a validated and commonly used instrument for measuring climacteric-related symptoms. A revised version was previously developed. However, validation in a Finnish population is lacking. As it is important to use qualified instruments, we performed a validation study of the WHQ in a Finnish population. METHODS: In all, 3,421 women, aged 41 to 54 years, formed the study population. In the original 36-item WHQ, the items were rated on a 1 to 4 scale and on a binary scale (0-1)...
May 22, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538577/in-depth-review-of-symptoms-triggers-and-treatment-of-occipital-migraine-headaches-site-iv
#20
Mona Ascha, David E Kurlander, Abdus Sattar, James Gatherwright, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: This study reports the surgical technique and efficacy of deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches. In addition, it reports the effect of surgical deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches on migraine triggers and associated symptoms other than pain. METHODS: One hundred ninety-five patients undergoing surgery for occipital-triggered migraine headaches performed by a single surgeon, and followed for at least 1 year, were analyzed...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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