keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Measurement and performance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823111/welfare-to-work-interventions-and-their-effects-on-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-lone-parents-and-their-children
#2
REVIEW
Marcia Gibson, Hilary Thomson, Kasia Banas, Vittoria Lutje, Martin J McKee, Susan P Martin, Candida Fenton, Clare Bambra, Lyndal Bond
BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823088/electrical-signals-triggered-controllable-formation-of-calcium-alginate-film-for-wound-treatment
#3
Xiaoli Liu, Huan Liu, Xue Qu, Miao Lei, Chuchu Zhang, Hua Hong, Gregory F Payne, Changsheng Liu
Wound dressings play important roles in the management of wounds, and calcium cross-linked alginate (Ca(2+)-Alg) is a commonly used hydrogel that is adapted for wound treatment. However, conventional methods for fabricating Ca(2+)-Alg hydrogels can be tedious and difficult to control because of the rapid Ca(2+)-induced gelation of alginate. In this study, An electrodeposition method was used to rapidly and controllably fabricate Ca(2+)-Alg films for wound treatment. Several measures of film growth (e.g., thickness and mass) are shown to linearly correlate to the imposed charge transfer at the electrode...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823074/single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal-switch-sadis-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#4
Saeed Shoar, Lauren Poliakin, Rebecca Rubenstein, Alan A Saber
BACKGROUND: Owing to the possibility of weight regain after the long-term follow-up of gastric bypass patients and because of the high morbidity of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal switch (SADIS) has emerged as a rescue procedure in bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the literature data on SADIS. SETTING: University Hospital, NY. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed through October 2016 to identify English studies on SADIS performed in human subjects...
August 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823072/prevalence-and-predictors-of-digoxin-utilization-among-heart-failure-patients-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-in-qatar
#5
Alaa Abdullah Rahhal, Ahmed Awaisu, Kawthar M Tawengi, Safae AbuYousef, Lylia Mekideche
Background Digoxin is a cardiac glycoside that is recommended by clinical practice guidelines to be used in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) who still have persistent symptoms despite optimal medical therapy. However, this recommendation is based on limited and old trial data. Moreover, pharmacoepidemiologic studies are important in determining the prevalence of digoxin use and factors influencing this. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence and the predictors of digoxin utilization among patients with HFrEF with or without atrial fibrillation (AF) in Qatar...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823057/fusobacterium-nucleatum-as-a-prognostic-marker-of-colorectal-cancer-in-a-japanese-population
#6
Yuko Yamaoka, Yutaka Suehiro, Shinichi Hashimoto, Tomomi Hoshida, Michiyo Fujimoto, Michiya Watanabe, Daiki Imanaga, Kouhei Sakai, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Mitsuaki Nishioka, Taro Takami, Nobuaki Suzuki, Shoichi Hazama, Hiroaki Nagano, Isao Sakaida, Takahiro Yamasaki
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence shows an overabundance of Fusobacterium nucleatum in colorectal tumor tissues. However, the correlation between the absolute copy number of F. nucleatum in colorectal cancer tissues and colorectal cancer progression is unclear from previous reports. Therefore, we performed a study to compare the abundance of F. nucleatum in colorectal tissues with clinicopathologic and molecular features of colorectal cancer. METHODS: We collected 100 colorectal cancer tissues and 72 matched normal-appearing mucosal tissues...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823037/female-sex-is-associated-with-greater-rotatory-knee-laxity-in-collegiate-athletes
#7
Thomas R Pfeiffer, Ajay C Kanakamedala, Elmar Herbst, Kanto Nagai, Conor Murphy, Jeremy M Burnham, Adam Popchak, Richard E Debski, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this observational study was to determine which factors, including sex, are associated with increased rotatory knee laxity in collegiate athletes with no history of knee injuries. It was hypothesized that increased rotatory knee laxity, measured by a quantitative pivot shift test, would correlate with female sex, increased anterior translation during the Lachman test, generalized ligamentous laxity, and knee hyperextension. METHODS: Ninety-eight collegiate athletes with a median age of 20 (range 18-25) years with no history of knee injuries were tested...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822912/a-metabolic-activity-detecting-approach-to-life-detection-restoring-a-chemostat-from-stop-feeding-using-a-rapid-bioactivity-assay
#8
Shiue-Lin Li, Ming-Der Bai, Chia-Jung Hsiao, Sheng-Shung Cheng, Kenneth H Nealson
A mediated glassy carbon electrode covered by a thin-film polyviologen was used in the present study to rapidly detect bioactivity in a mixed-culture chemostat (dominated by Clostridium sp.). With the addition of 1mM hexacyanoferrate and 9mM glucose, the current increasing rate (dI/dt) measured under a poised potential of 500mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) can be defined as the quantity of metabolic activity. In the experiment of restoring the chemostat from stop-feeding, it is suggested that when the dI/dt was >2μAmin(-1), the influent pump could be directly turned on to maintain the high dilution rate of 0...
August 9, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822902/pregnancy-outcome-is-influenced-by-luteal-area-during-diestrus-before-successful-insemination-but-not-by-milk-production-level
#9
H Berger, M Lietzau, A Tichy, K Herzog
The objective was to compare luteal area (LA), luteal blood flow (LBF), and progesterone (P4) concentration before and after artificial insemination (AI) in pregnant and open cows in the diestrus preceding insemination and during the first 21 d after insemination. A number of 119 multiparous German Holstein cows were examined using B-mode and color Doppler sonography in diestrus (15-5 d before AI) and on days 7, 14, and 21 post insemination (pi). Blood samples for determination of P4 concentration were collected at each examination...
April 14, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822878/in-vitro-method-to-evaluate-the-barrier-properties-of-medical-devices-for-cutaneous-use
#10
Antonella Casiraghi, Francesco Ranzini, Umberto M Musazzi, Silvia Franzè, Marisa Meloni, Paola Minghetti
Barrier creams (BC) are marketed as cosmetic products or locally-applied medical devices to protect skin against damages induced by chemical agents or physical insults. However, the determination of the BC effectiveness is still a matter of discussion at both the clinical and the regulatory level. In this context, this work aimed at the development of a reliable, reproducible and easy-to-perform experimental protocol for the evaluation of BC performances. Preliminarily, an in vivo method based on the measurement of trans-epidermal water loss had been matter of investigation and was discarded: it required too much time and was not robust and sensitive enough...
August 16, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822798/meaning-in-life-as-a-mediator-between-physical-impairment-and-the-wish-to-hasten-death-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#11
Mariona Guerrero-Torrelles, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Joaquín Tomás-Sábado, Frederic Marimon, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer
CONTEXT: Meaning in life (MiL) is a key factor for ensuring spiritual wellbeing and quality of life among patients with life-threatening illnesses. However, the role of MiL in relation to the wish to hasten death (WTHD) and its interaction with other physical and psychological factors in patients with advanced cancer has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the WTHD and MiL, and to propose a theoretical model of functional relationships between WTHD, performance status, depression and MiL...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822795/strategies-for-analyzing-bisulfite-sequencing-data
#12
Katarzyna Wreczycka, Alexander Gosdschan, Dilmurat Yusuf, Björn Grüning, Yassen Assenov, Altuna Akalin
DNA methylation is one of the main epigenetic modifications in the eukaryotic genome; it has been shown to play a role in cell-type specific regulation of gene expression, and therefore cell-type identity. Bisulfite sequencing is the gold-standard for measuring methylation over the genomes of interest. Here, we review several techniques used for the analysis of high-throughput bisulfite sequencing. We introduce specialized short-read alignment techniques as well as pre/post-alignment quality check methods to ensure data quality...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822739/experimental-characterization-and-model-identification-of-the-nonlinear-compressible-material-behavior-of-lung-parenchyma
#13
Anna M Birzle, Christian Martin, Lena Yoshihara, Stefan Uhlig, Wolfgang A Wall
The mechanical properties of lung parenchyma are essential both in lung function and biology; consequently, experimental methods are developed to describe the mechanical behavior of lung parenchyma. During breathing and mechanical ventilation, volume change is the physiologically dominating deformation mode of lung parenchyma; nevertheless, most studies examine lung tissue in mainly isochoric tension tests. In this paper, a novel experimental method for the quantification of the compressible material behavior at high volume changes of viable lung parenchyma is proposed...
August 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822728/variability-of-lung-clearance-index-in-clinically-stable-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease-in-school-age-children
#14
Marcus Svedberg, Per M Gustafsson, Paul D Robinson, Monica Rosberg, Anders Lindblad
BACKGROUND: Data on long term variability of Lung Clearance Index (LCI) in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is urgently needed to guide test result interpretation. Our aim was to evaluate LCI variability in clinically stable CF lung disease in school age children. METHODS: Paediatric patients, aged 6 to 17years, attending the outpatient CF clinic performed Multiple Breath Nitrogen Washout (Exhalyzer® D) and spirometry every third month over a period of one year. Clinical stability was assessed by the Cystic Fibrosis Clinical Score (CFCS) at each visit...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822721/postural-assessment-in-class-iii-patients-before-orthognathic-surgery
#15
Fernando Zugno Kulczynski, Fernando de Oliveira Andriola, Pedro Henrique Deon, Denizar Alberto da Silva Melo, Rogério Miranda Pagnoncelli
PURPOSE: To determine the postural characteristics of patients with Class III dentofacial deformities before orthognathic surgery by photogrammetry using SAPO postural assessment software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Eligible participants were adult patients who had an indication for orthognathic surgery to correct skeletal Class III dentofacial deformities and were undergoing orthodontic preparation for surgery. Patients were recruited at the outpatient clinic for dentofacial deformities of the authors' institution from March to November 2015...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822689/cholesterol-lowering-gene-therapy-counteracts-the-development-of-non-ischemic-cardiomyopathy-in-mice
#16
Ilayaraja Muthuramu, Ruhul Amin, Andrey Postnov, Mudit Mishra, Joseph Pierre Aboumsallem, Tom Dresselaers, Uwe Himmelreich, Paul P Van Veldhoven, Olivier Gheysens, Frank Jacobs, Bart De Geest
A causal role of hypercholesterolemia in non-ischemic heart failure has never been demonstrated. Adeno-associated viral serotype 8 (AAV8)-low-density lipoprotein receptor (AAV8-LDLr) gene transfer was performed in LDLr-deficient mice without and with pressure overload induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). AAV8-LDLr gene therapy resulted in an 82.8% (p < 0.0001) reduction of plasma cholesterol compared with controls. Mortality rate was lower (p < 0.05) in AAV8-LDLr TAC mice compared with control TAC mice (hazard ratio for mortality 0...
August 1, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822639/level-of-the-subscapularis-split-during-arthroscopic-latarjet
#17
Alexandre Lädermann, Patrick J Denard, Paolo Arrigoni, Pablo Narbona, Stephen S Burkhart, Johannes Barth
PURPOSE: To determine the location of the subscapularis split during arthroscopic Latarjet created by an inside-out technique passing a switching stick from the posterior portal across the glenohumeral joint. METHODS: An inside-out technique was used to arthroscopically create a subscapularis split in 20 fresh-frozen human cadaveric shoulders. The distance between the exit point of the switching stick and the upper border of the subscapularis and the anterior circumflex vessels was measured arthroscopically and after open dissection...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822618/the-impact-of-incident-depression-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
C Lunghi, A Zongo, J Moisan, J-P Grégoire, L Guénette
BACKGROUND: Depression has been correlated with suboptimal adherence to antidiabetic drugs (ADs). Most studies on this topic were cross-sectional; thus, the directionality of this relationship could not be established. The objective of this study was to measure the association between incident depression and AD nonadherence among newly treated patients with diabetes. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study among new AD users using the Quebec public health insurance data...
August 16, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822580/otologic-skills-training
#19
REVIEW
Gregory J Wiet, Mads Sølvsten Sørensen, Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen
This article presents a summary of the current simulation training for otologic skills. There is a wide variety of educational approaches, assessment tools, and simulators in use, including simple low-cost task trainers to complex computer-based virtual reality systems. A systematic approach to otologic skills training using adult learning theory concepts, such as repeated and distributed practice, self-directed learning, and mastery learning, is necessary for these educational interventions to be effective...
August 16, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822576/pembrolizumab-versus-ipilimumab-for-advanced-melanoma-final-overall-survival-results-of-a-multicentre-randomised-open-label-phase-3-study-keynote-006
#20
Jacob Schachter, Antoni Ribas, Georgina V Long, Ana Arance, Jean-Jacques Grob, Laurent Mortier, Adil Daud, Matteo S Carlino, Catriona McNeil, Michal Lotem, James Larkin, Paul Lorigan, Bart Neyns, Christian Blank, Teresa M Petrella, Omid Hamid, Honghong Zhou, Scot Ebbinghaus, Nageatte Ibrahim, Caroline Robert
BACKGROUND: Interim analyses of the phase 3 KEYNOTE-006 study showed superior overall and progression-free survival of pembrolizumab versus ipilimumab in patients with advanced melanoma. We present the final protocol-specified survival analysis. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial, we recruited patients from 87 academic institutions, hospitals, and cancer centres in 16 countries (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Colombia, France, Germany, Israel, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, UK, and USA)...
August 16, 2017: Lancet
keyword
keyword
48537
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"