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Aphakic glaucoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967071/outcomes-of-cataract-surgery-in-children-with-persistent-hyperplastic-primary-vitreous
#1
Jitender Jinagal, Parul C Gupta, Jagat Ram, Manu Sharma, Simar R Singh, Sonam Yangzes, Jaspreet Sukhija, Ramandeep Singh
PURPOSE: To evaluate postoperative outcomes of cataract surgery in children with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) and factors affecting outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed 29 eyes of 28 children with PHPV presenting at a tertiary care center in northern India. All eyes underwent phacoaspiration followed by primary posterior capsulotomy with or without cauterization of persistent fetal vasculature under general anesthesia. Hydrophobic intraocular lens was implanted in selective cases...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918060/outcomes-of-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-revision-in-pediatric-glaucoma
#2
Ahmed Mansour Al-Omairi, Aliah H Al Ameri, Sami Al-Shahwan, Arif O Khan, Ibrahim Al-Jadaan, Ahmed Mousa, Deepak P Edward
PURPOSE: Encapsulation of the Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) plate is a common cause for postoperative elevation of intraocular pressure, especially in children. Many reports have described the outcomes of AGV revision in adults. However, the outcomes of AGV revision in children are poorly documented. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of AGV revision in children. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients less than 15 years of age who underwent AGV revision with a minimum postoperative follow-up of 6 months was conducted...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827829/characterization-of-a-variant-of-gap-junction-protein-%C3%AE-8-identified-in-a-family-with-hereditary-cataract
#3
Debbie S Kuo, Jared T Sokol, Peter J Minogue, Viviana M Berthoud, Anne M Slavotinek, Eric C Beyer, Douglas B Gould
PURPOSE: Congenital cataracts occur in isolation in about 70% of cases or are associated with other abnormalities such as anterior segment dysgenesis and microphthalmia. We identified a three-generation family in the University of California San Francisco glaucoma clinic comprising three individuals with congenital cataracts and aphakic glaucoma, one of whom also had microphthalmia. The purpose of this study was to identify a possible causative mutation in this family and to investigate its pathogenesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799565/modified-technique-of-endocapsular-lens-aspiration-for-severely-subluxated-lenses
#4
S Khokhar, N Aron, N Yadav, G Pillay, E Agarwal
PurposeSeverely subluxated crystalline lenses pose a difficult situation to anterior segment surgeons and can only be managed surgically by removal of the lens as well as the capsular bag. Several techniques have been described in literature for the management of such cases. We describe a modified technique of endocapsular lens aspiration by the limbal route for lens extraction through small incisions on the cornea.Patients and methodsThirty-two eyes of 16 consecutive patients with severely subluxated crystalline lenses were recruited in the study...
August 11, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602325/pigment-dispersion-syndrome-and%C3%A2-pigmentary-glaucoma-after-secondary-sulcus-transscleral-fixation-of-single-piece-foldable%C3%A2-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lenses%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-chinese-aphakic-patients
#5
Nianting Tong, Fuling Liu, Ting Zhang, Liangyu Wang, Zhanyu Zhou, Huimin Gong, Fuxiang Yuan
PURPOSE: To describe secondary pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) and pigmentary glaucoma after secondary sulcus transscleral fixation of 1-piece hydrophobic acrylic foldable posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOLs) in aphakic patients in a Chinese population. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, China. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: This chart review included eyes that had secondary sulcus transscleral fixation of a 1-piece hydrophobic acrylic foldable PC IOL (Tecnis ZCB00) between March 2011 and March 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528012/impact-of-total-pars-plana-vitrectomy-on-postoperative-complications-in-aphakic-snap-on-type-1-boston-keratoprosthesis
#6
Victor L Perez, Ella H Leung, Audina M Berrocal, Thomas A Albini, Jean Marie Parel, Guillermo Amescua, Eduardo C Alfonso, Tayyeba K Ali, Allister Gibbons
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of total pars plana vitrectomies (PPVs) with peripheral shaving of the vitreous base on the rates of postoperative complications in patients with aphakic, snap-on type I Boston keratoprostheses (KPros). DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 48 eyes in 46 patients with implantation of aphakic, snap-on type 1 Boston KPros performed at a tertiary care facility between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013, were included...
October 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442696/surgical-management-of-pediatric-glaucoma
#7
REVIEW
Ingrid Chang, Joseph Caprioli, Yvonne Ou
Pediatric glaucoma surgery is challenging because of the differences in anatomy from the adult, differences in the behavior of the tissues of a child's glaucomatous eye, the variety in causes of the disease, and difficulties with postoperative management. Goniotomy and trabeculotomy are the preferred initial treatments for primary congenital glaucoma. Trabeculectomy with adjunctive mitomycin C is more likely to succeed in older, phakic patients, but carries the long-term risk of bleb-associated endophthalmitis...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263264/value-of-intravitreal-gas-injection-with-ahmed-valve-implantation-in-the-prevention-of-suprachoroidal-hemorrhage-in-aphakic-aniridic-and-vitrectomized-glaucomatous-eyes-a-pilot-study
#8
Heba M A El-Saied, Abdussalam M Adullatif
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the value of intravitreal injection of nonexpansile C3F8 12% in the prevention of suprachoroidal hemorrhage (SCH) after Ahmed valve implantation for the treatment of secondary glaucoma in vitrectomized, aphakic, and aniridic eyes following blunt trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a case series of 5 patients who presented with traumatic secondary glaucoma in vitrectomized, aphakic, and aniridic eyes. Vitrectomy was performed in all eyes after trauma for the treatment of the vitreous hemorrhage...
June 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007108/comparison-of-the-rate-of-refractive-growth-in-aphakic-eyes-versus-pseudophakic-eyes-in-the-infant-aphakia-treatment-study
#9
Scott R Lambert, George Cotsonis, Lindreth DuBois, M Edward Wilson, David A Plager, Edward G Buckley, Scott K McClatchey
PURPOSE: To compare the rate of refractive growth (RRG) between aphakic eyes and pseudophakic eyes in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS). SETTING: Twelve clinical sites across the United States. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Patients randomized to unilateral cataract extraction with contact lens correction versus intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in the IATS had their rate of refractive growth (RRG3) calculated based on the change in refraction from the 1-month postoperative examination to age 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002192/long-term-outcomes-and-complications-of-pars-plana-baerveldt-implantation-in-children
#10
Kateki Vinod, Joseph F Panarelli, Ronald C Gentile, Paul A Sidoti
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to report long-term outcomes and complications of Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGI) surgery with pars plana tube insertion in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of consecutive aphakic and pseudophakic children (<16 y of age) who underwent BGI surgery with pars plana tube insertion between 1990 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Main outcome measures were intraocular pressure and number of glaucoma medications...
March 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941047/cataract-surgery-in-children-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-surgical-outcomes
#11
Chinyelu Nkemdilim Ezisi, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Subhadra Jalali, Divya Balakrishnan, Padmaja Rani Kumari, Ashik Mohamed, Preeti Patil Chhablani
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of cataract surgery in children with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: A retrospective case review of all children diagnosed with ROP from January 2001 to December 2014 was done and those who underwent cataract surgery were included in the study. Details of ROP and cataract treatment, postoperative complications and outcomes were analysed. RESULTS: Of the 2258 children diagnosed to have ROP, 28 eyes of 22 children were included, 14 boys and 8 girls...
August 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875350/pediatric-glaucoma-review-of-recent-literature
#12
REVIEW
Annette Giangiacomo, Allen Beck
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to update the clinician on the recent work in the field of pediatric glaucoma. RECENT FINDINGS: Using the iCare tonometer to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) in children is highly successful. New data from the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study show that after 5 years of follow-up the risk of developing glaucoma is similar between patients that receive initial intraocular lens implantation and those who are left aphakic...
March 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668871/management-of-pediatric-aphakic-glaucoma-with-vitrectomy-and-tube-shunts
#13
Yasser M Elshatory, Elizabeth H Gauger, Young H Kwon, Wallace L M Alward, H Culver Boldt, Stephen R Russell, Vinit B Mahajan
PURPOSE: To review the impact of vitrectomy and tube shunts on mean intraocular pressure (IOP) and number of glaucoma medications in pediatric aphakic glaucoma. METHODS: A retrospective review of pediatric patients who underwent combined vitrectomy and glaucoma tube shunt surgery for aphakic glaucoma was conducted. Inclusion criteria were: age 18 years or younger, diagnosis of aphakic glaucoma, preoperative IOP data, and postoperative IOP data for at least 6 months...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555714/achieving-controlled-intraocular-pressure-and-restoration-of-vision-following-proactive-treatment-of-total-choroidal-detachment-due-to-endocyclophotocoagulation
#14
Tariq Al-Asbali
Ocular hypotony due to choroidal detachment (CD) following endocyclophotocoagulation (ECP) is transient. If hypotony lasts for more than 1 week, it could affect vision. This is a case of refractory glaucoma following cataract surgery that was managed by ECP. We drained subchoroidal fluid as CD did not resolve after 1 week. After 5 months, the intraocular pressure was restored to 16 mmHg with one topical glaucoma medication, uncorrected vision improved to 20/300, and with aphakic soft contact lens, it was 20/50...
July 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552515/supra-tenon-capsule-implantation-of-the-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-in-refractory-pediatric-glaucoma
#15
Eman M Elhefney, Hossam T Al-Sharkawy, Hanem M Kishk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of supra-Tenon capsule implantation of an Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) as a measure to decrease the fibrotic potential of the Tenon capsule on bleb formation and its subsequent effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) control in children with refractory glaucoma. SETTING: Mansoura Ophthalmic Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two eyes of 12 children with refractory glaucoma underwent supra-Tenon capsule implantation of AGV...
September 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472208/second-intraocular-surgery-after-primary-pediatric-cataract-surgery-indications-and-outcomes-during-long-term-follow-up-at-a-tertiary-eye-care-center
#16
V Sachdeva, S Katukuri, MdH Ali, R Kekunnaya
PurposeAlthough pediatric cataract surgery has become standardized and safe, further surgical interventions are not uncommon. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of complications in children who required an intraocular intervention.MethodsA retrospective review of medical records of children (<7 years) with cataract who underwent cataract surgery with or without primary posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) placement between January 2006 and December 2014 was carried out. Data were collected regarding visual axis opacification (VAO), glaucoma, IOL decentration, intraocular infections, and other indications that required a second intraocular surgery...
September 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464545/-clinical-analysis-of-aphakic-glaucoma-following-infantile-congenital-cataract-surgery
#17
C X Ma, Y Lü, J Lü, L Yang, F L Tan, B B Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, occurrence time and types of aphakic glaucoma following infantile congenital cataract surgery. METHODS: The records of children who underwent surgery for congenital cataract within the first 24 months of life between January 2010 and January 2014 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively reviewed.Children with preoperative conditions associated with glaucoma were excluded.The following parameters were ascertained: age received cataract surgery, operation method, the incidence, occurrence time and types of glaucoma...
July 19, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461015/-impact-of-timing-of-surgery-on-outcome-in-children-with-bilateral-congenital-cataract
#18
C Kuhli-Hattenbach, M Fronius, T Kohnen
BACKGROUND: The optimal time for surgical intervention in bilateral congenital cataract is still a matter of controversy. OBJECTIVES: Herein, we evaluated clinical and functional results after bilateral congenital cataract surgery and performed subgroup analysis based on the age at the time of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 52 eyes of 26 children who underwent surgery for bilateral congenital cataract without intraocular lens implantation within the first 12 months of life; 16 eyes underwent phacoaspiration within the first 10 weeks of life (group A) and 26 eyes had cataract extraction at an age of >10 weeks (group B)...
March 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429080/trocar-assisted-sutureless-scleral-fixated-intraocular-lens-implantation-combined-with-penetrating-keratoplasty
#19
Remzi Karadag, Huseyin Bayramlar, Amir A Azari, Christopher J Rapuano
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of trocar-assisted, sutureless, scleral-fixated (SSF) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation combined with penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). METHODS: This study comprised 4 eyes (4 patients) undergoing trocar-assisted SSF-IOL implantation during PKP. The combined technique was performed in 3 eyes of 3 patients with bullous keratopathy and in 1 eye with central corneal opacity. Two eyes had anterior chamber IOL implants, and 2 were aphakic...
September 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255253/congenital-cataract-surgery-without-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-persistent-fetal-vasculature-syndrome-long-term-clinical-and-functional-results
#20
Claudia Kuhli-Hattenbach, Christian Hofmann, Yaroslava Wenner, Frank Koch, Thomas Kohnen
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term clinical and functional outcomes after congenital cataract surgery in persistent fetal vasculature (PFV). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe-University, Frankfurt, Germany. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series. METHODS: The records of eyes with congenital cataract associated or not associated with PFV that had cataract surgery without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation within the first 18 months of life were reviewed...
May 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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