keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preoperative risk evaluation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691844/genetic-and-morphological-evaluation-game-score-for-patients-with-colorectal-liver-metastases
#1
G A Margonis, K Sasaki, S Gholami, Y Kim, N Andreatos, N Rezaee, A Deshwar, S Buettner, P J Allen, T P Kingham, T M Pawlik, J He, J L Cameron, W R Jarnagin, C L Wolfgang, M I D'Angelica, M J Weiss
BACKGROUND: This study sought to develop a clinical risk score for resectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) by combining clinicopathological and clinically available biological indicators, including KRAS. METHODS: A cohort of patients who underwent resection for CRLM at the Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) was analysed to identify independent predictors of overall survival (OS) that can be assessed before operation; these factors were combined into the Genetic And Morphological Evaluation (GAME) score...
April 25, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691635/clinical-impact-of-preoperative-liver-mri-in-the-evaluation-of-synchronous-liver-metastasis-of-colon-cancer
#2
Cherry Kim, So Yeon Kim, Min-Ju Kim, Yong Sik Yoon, Chan Wook Kim, Jae Hoon Lee, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Seung Soo Lee, Seong Ho Park, Moon-Gyu Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether additional MRI including gadoxetic acid enhancement is associated with survival rate (SR) in patients with synchronous liver metastasis of colon cancer (sCLM), compared with patients assessed only with CT. METHODS: Fifty-two patients underwent only CT (CT group) and 65 underwent additional MRI (CT+MRI group) for preoperative work-up of sCLM. In the CT+MRI group, the discrepancy between CT and MRI was analyzed. The 5-year SR was compared between the groups, and affecting factors were investigated...
April 24, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691597/preoperative-digital-subtraction-angiography-in-incidental-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-how-much-is-too-much
#3
Moriz Herzberg, Robert Forbrig, Christian Schichor, Hartmut Brückmann, Franziska Dorn
PURPOSE: Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is deemed necessary to precisely visualize intracranial aneurysms and define individual treatment strategies. In patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) who were diagnosed by MRI, a four-vessel DSA is usually performed to detect additional aneurysms. This study aimed to evaluate whether the evaluation of all vessels beyond the aneurysm-harboring artery is really necessary. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with an UIA that was detected on MRA (TOF/ceMRA) were prospectively included...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691168/predicting-failure-in-early-acute-prosthetic-joint-infection-treated-with-debridement-antibiotics-and-implant-retention-external-validation-of-the-klic-score
#4
Claudia A M Löwik, Paul C Jutte, Eduard Tornero, Joris J W Ploegmakers, Bas A S Knobben, Astrid J de Vries, Wierd P Zijlstra, Baukje Dijkstra, Alex Soriano, Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker
BACKGROUND: Debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) is a widely used treatment modality for early acute prosthetic joint infection (PJI). A preoperative risk score was previously designed for predicting DAIR failure, consisting of chronic renal failure (K), liver cirrhosis (L), index surgery (I), cemented prosthesis (C), and C-reactive protein >115 mg/L (KLIC). The aim of this study was to validate the KLIC score in an external cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients with early acute PJI treated with DAIR between 2006 and 2016 in 3 Dutch hospitals...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687547/inflammatory-cell-indexes-as-preoperative-predictors-of-hospital-stay-in-open-elective-thoracic-surgery
#5
Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Giorgio C Ginesu, Cinzia Tanda, Claudio F Feo, Alessandro Fancellu, Alessandro G Fois, Arduino A Mangoni, Salvatore Sotgia, Ciriaco Carru, Alberto Porcu, Angelo Zinellu
BACKGROUND: Shorter and safer hospital stay (HS) is a desired outcome for patients undergoing thoracic surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the predictive capacity of a series of pre-defined inflammatory cell indexes based on preoperative complete blood counts, towards length of HS in open elective thoracic surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 157 consecutive patients undergoing open elective thoracic surgery. Preoperative neutrophil to lymphocyte, platelet to lymphocyte and lymphocyte to monocyte ratios were calculated, and the red cell distribution width and mean platelet volume were registered...
April 24, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686594/analysis-of-the-risk-factors-associated-with-prolonged-intubation-or-reintubation-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#6
Moinay Kim, Seung Chul Rhim, Sung Woo Roh, Sang Ryong Jeon
Background: Standardized postoperative airway management is essential for patients undergoing anterior cervical spine surgery (ACSS). The paucity of clinical series evaluating these airway complications after ACSS has been resulted in a significant limitation in statistical analyses. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed regarding airway distress (intubation for more than 24 hours or unplanned reintubation within 7 days of operation) developed after ACSS...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685760/preoperative-nutritional-status-assessment-predicts-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-surgically-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Ricard Ramos, Ernest Nadal, Inma Peiró, Cristina Masuet-Aumatell, Ivan Macia, Francisco Rivas, Gabriela Rosado, Pau Rodriguez, Anna Ureña, Susana Padrones, Samantha Aso, Carlos Deniz, Arturo Navarro, Ignacio Escobar
BACKGROUND: As nutritional status plays an important role in outcomes after surgery, this study evaluated the association between preoperative nutritional status (NS) and postoperative outcomes after major resection for lung cancer. METHODS: We identified 219 patients with a diagnosis of cancer who underwent pulmonary resection from 2010 to 2012. Preoperative NS was assessed by anthropometric and biological parameters, body mass index (BMI), and the Nutritional Risk Index (NRI)...
April 11, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685727/utilization-of-the-stop-bang-questionnaire-as-a-standardized-screening-tool-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-veteran-administration-surgical-patients
#8
Kaitlyn E Bazemore, Michelle Barker, Brett T Morgan, Victoria Goode
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects an estimated 20% of the adult surgical population. Veteran patients have many characteristics consistent with OSA, but lack of standardized screening results in decreased detection of patients at risk for OSA. DESIGN: Pre-post implementation design. METHODS: Preanesthesia clinic providers were educated about OSA and the STOP-Bang questionnaire. Chart reviews evaluating screening and patient demographics were conducted before and after intervention...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685558/the-use-of-cryotherapy-for-the-prevention-of-wound-complications-in-the-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures
#9
Sanfu Lin, Junjie Xie, Xuedong Yao, Zhangsheng Dai, Wenhua Wu
We analyzed the risk factors for skin infection and necrosis after calcaneal fracture surgery and evaluated the effect of cryotherapy in preventing postoperative skin infections and necrosis. We studied 129 calcaneal fracture patients (148 feet) who had undergone open reduction and internal fixation from January 2008 to December 2010. Three groups included were: control (44 patients; 49 feet), preoperative cryotherapy (43 patients; 48 feet), and perioperative cryotherapy (42 patients; 51 feet). The wound infection rate, Maryland foot score, and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) score were compared...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685415/preoperative-assessment-of-haemostasis-in-patients-undergoing-stereotactic-brain-biopsy
#10
Christopher Beynon, Shilai Wei, Alexander Radbruch, David Capper, Andreas W Unterberg, Karl L Kiening
Parenchymal hemorrhage is considered a major risk factor for perioperative morbidity in patients undergoing stereotactic brain biopsy. Studies on patients undergoing surgical procedures have suggested that evaluation of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) is of limited value with regard to prevention of haemorrhagic complications. However, this issue has not yet been addressed in patients undergoing stereotactic biopsy of intracranial lesions. We retrospectively analysed the medical records of 159 consecutive patients undergoing stereotactic biopsy of supratentorial intracranial lesions during a three-year period...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685130/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-corneal-opacities
#11
Yi-Ju Ho, Chi-Chin Sun, Hung-Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: Investigating the efficacy and safety of phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in corneal opacities. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary medical center. Twenty-three eyes of 19 patients with cataracts and corneal opacities obscuring the pupillary center having received phacoemulsification with IOL insertion without any ancillary techniques were enrolled. The primary study outcome measures were uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and complications...
April 23, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682718/-meta-analysis-for-high-risk-factor-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-anal-preserving-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#12
Yingjiang Ye, Hongpeng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the effect of defunctioning stoma, preoperative radiotherapy, and level of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation on the postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer by meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) published before December 2017 regarding the effects of defunctioning stoma, preoperative radiotherapy, and level of inferior mesenteric artery ligation on the postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer were searched from PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang database, meanwhile open data in unpublished trials from clinicaltrials...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682709/-prevention-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-robotic-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#13
Xiaohui Du, Xiaowei Xing
With popularity of robotic surgery system, robotic rectal cancer surgery is increasing. Precautionary measures of different perioperative periods should be taken to reduce the risk for anastomotic leakage. First, the general condition of patients should be acquainted and improved, and the risk for anastomotic leakage should be evaluated preoperatively. Preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy may not increase the risk for anastomotic leakage after rectal surgery. The impact of routine bowel preparation to prevent anastomotic leakage needs to be verified further...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682267/an-unusual-deceptive-delayed-of-profuse-haemorrhage-after-mandibular-implant-dentistry-risk-planning-and-medico-legal-instruction
#14
R M Gaudio, E El Haddad, G El Haddad, D Lauritano, F Carinci
Mandibular implant placement (MIP) has been accepted and widely used for decades all over the world, and has reached a very high level of therapeutic reliability. MIP is used mostly in elderly edentulous patients who lost their teeth when dentistry was not oriented to fixed or removable prosthetic. Notwithstanding this, every year cases of severe complications during MIP due to haemorrhage causing life-threatening airway's obstruction are reported. These severe complications of MIP need immediate therapy, usually with hospitalization, and may be potentially fatal...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681134/an-audit-of-pregnancy-outcomes-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-at-a-metropolitan-hospital
#15
Yunjing E Fang, Roshini Nayyar, Hayley Diplock
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies in patients with solid organ transplants have higher rates of complications and caesarean sections (CS). AIM: To perform an audit of the pregnancy outcomes in transplant recipients, to determine the rate of CS in our cohort, the appropriate skin incision for CS in these patients and to formulate recommendations for preoperative planning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. All patients who had a solid organ transplant were identified from the obstetrics database...
April 22, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680584/what-is-the-impact-of-smoking-on-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Nicholas A Bedard, S Blake Dowdle, Brandon G Wilkinson, Kyle R Duchman, Yubo Gao, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature evaluating the impact of smoking on revision arthroplasty procedures. The purpose of this study was identify the effect of smoking on complications after revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA). METHODS: We queried the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database to identify patients who underwent rTKA between 2006 and 2014. Patients were divided into current smokers and nonsmokers according to the NSQIP definitions...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678427/the-psychological-impact-of-adult-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#17
Zoe A Landers, Rishabh Jethanandani, Steve K Lee, Carol A Mancuso, Mavis Seehaus, Scott W Wolfe
PURPOSE: There is a high incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide risk, and psychological distress after orthopedic trauma and hand and upper-extremity injury. Although patients with traumatic adult brachial plexus injury are particularly vulnerable to psychologic distress, minimal clinical data exist about this cohort of patients. In this study, we sought to discover the prevalence of depression, PTSD, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse. METHODS: Between February, 2013 and July, 2014, during scheduled preoperative and/or postoperative appointments, the social worker at a metropolitan brachial plexus center conducted psychosocial assessments and questionnaire assessments of 21 patients evaluating for PTSD, depression, and substance use using 3 validated scales: PTSD Checklist-Specific, Patient Health Questionnaire-8, and National Institute on Drug Abuse Quick Screen...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678273/preoperative-ct-based-predictive-factors-for-resectability-and-medium-term-overall-survival-in-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-from-colorectal-cancer
#18
C Suzuki, H Wallgren, M Abraham-Nordling, G Palmer
AIM: To determine preoperative radiological findings that may correlate with resectability and medium-term overall survival (OS) in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 81 consecutive patients with PC scheduled for cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). PCI scores from preoperative computed tomography (CT) were compared with Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI) scores at laparotomy...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676671/risk-factor-analysis-of-proximal-junctional-kyphosis-after-posterior-osteotomy-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
Tianhao Wang, Yongfei Zhao, Yan Liang, Haocong Zhang, Zheng Wang, Yan Wang
OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper was to analyze the incidence and risk factors of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who underwent pedicle subtraction osteotomy. METHODS The records of 83 patients with AS and thoracolumbar kyphosis who underwent surgery at the authors' institution between 2007 and 2013 were reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence or absence of PJK. The radiographic measurements, including proximal junctional angle (PJA), sagittal parameters, and pelvic parameters of these 2 groups, were compared at different time points: before surgery and 2 weeks, 12 months, and 2 years after surgery...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675761/vitamin-d-supplementation-is-a-promising-therapy-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-in-conjunction-with-current-chemoradiation-therapy
#20
Yosuke Mukai, Daisaku Yamada, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: The cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are well known to play a dominant role in distant metastasis. Nevertheless, the effect on CAFs with current chemoradiation therapies remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the role of CAFs under current chemoradiation therapy (CRT) and investigate the factors regulating CAFs. METHODS: α-SMA-positive cells in 86 resected PDAC specimens with/without preoperative CRT were evaluated by immunohistochemistry...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
keyword
keyword
48530
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"