keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sodium management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525522/cardiovascular-disease-in-korean-americans-a-systematic-review
#1
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Kyungeh An, Jeongha Sim
BACKGROUND: Despite Korean Americans being one of the fastest growing immigrant groups in the United States, little is known about their cardiovascular health or cardiovascular disease risk factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to describe the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risks and their contributing factors in Korean Americans and recommend future directions for the development of cardiovascular disease prevention or management research to meet the unique needs of this ethnic group...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523600/sodium-channel-blockers-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy
#2
Martin J Brodie
Sodium channel blockers have been the mainstay of the pharmacological management of focal and generalised tonic-clonic seizures for more than 70 years. The focus of this paper will be on phenytoin, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine, rufinamide, lacosamide and eslicarbazepine acetate. All these antiepileptic drugs have similar efficacy and share similar dose-dependent, adverse effect profiles, although phenytoin, carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine are more likely to cause idiosyncratic reactions than the others...
May 18, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523441/progress-in-the-presence-of-failure-updates-in-chronic-systolic-heart-failure-management
#3
REVIEW
Katie M Murphy, Julie L Rosenthal
The therapeutic heart failure armamentarium has evolved from drugs to transplantation to devices through further understanding of its complex pathophysiology and pathogenesis. Current medications capitalize on our evolving understanding of the sympathetic and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone systems that subsequently promote both beneficial and maladaptive responses that ultimately yield a decrease in cardiac function. Despite these advancements, the prevalence of heart failure continues to rise and carries a significant burden on our patients and health care system...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522604/hospital-level-variation-in-practice-patterns-and-patient-outcomes-for-pediatric-patients-hospitalized-with-functional-constipation
#4
Jamie Librizzi, Samuel Flores, Keith Morse, Kelly Kelleher, Jodi Carter, Ryan Bode
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Constipation is a common pediatric condition with a prevalence of 3% to 5% in children aged 4 to 17 years. Currently, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the management of pediatric patients hospitalized with constipation. The primary objective was to evaluate practice patterns and patient outcomes for the hospital management of functional constipation in US children's hospitals. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective cohort study of children aged 0 to 18 years hospitalized for functional constipation from 2012 to 2014 by using the Pediatric Health Information System...
May 18, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521989/synthesis-of-strontium-chondroitin-sulfate-and-the-evaluation-of-its-capability-to-attenuate-osteoarthritis
#5
F B Ma, N Liu, N Hu, C Y Wen, B Tang
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorder and the leading cause of joint disability in elderly patients. In this study, we fabricated strontium chondroitin sulfate (SrCS), a new polysaccharide-metal ion complex that is the combination of chondroitin sulfate and strontium, which are two widely adopted chemicals in OA clinical management. The structural, chemical compositions and morphology of as-fabricated SrCS were systematically investigated. Cell proliferation test, RT-PCR and preliminary animal studies were conducted to evaluate the clinical potential of SrCS on OA treatment...
August 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521022/management-of-untreatable-ventricular-arrhythmias-during-pharmacologic-challenges-with-sodium-channel-blockers-for-suspected-brugada-syndrome
#6
Stefano Poli, Mauro Toniolo, Massimo Maiani, Davide Zanuttini, Luca Rebellato, Igor Vendramin, Ermanno Dametto, Guglielmo Bernardi, Flavio Bassi, Carlo Napolitano, Ugolino Livi, Alessandro Proclemer
Pharmacologic challenge with sodium channel blockers is part of the diagnostic workout in patients with suspected Brugada syndrome. The test is overall considered safe but both ajmaline and flecainide detain well known pro-arrhythmic properties. Moreover, the treatment of patients with life-threatening arrhythmias during these diagnostic procedures is not well defined. Current consensus guidelines suggest to adopt cautious protocols interrupting the sodium channel blockers as soon as any ECG alteration appears...
May 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513067/interventions-for-cutaneous-molluscum-contagiosum
#7
REVIEW
Johannes C van der Wouden, Renske van der Sande, Emma J Kruithof, Annet Sollie, Lisette Wa van Suijlekom-Smit, Sander Koning
BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin infection that is caused by a pox virus and occurs mainly in children. The infection usually resolves within months in people without immune deficiency, but treatment may be preferred for social and cosmetic reasons or to avoid spreading the infection. A clear evidence base supporting the various treatments is lacking.This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006, and updated previously in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of specific treatments and management strategies, including waiting for natural resolution, for cutaneous, non-genital molluscum contagiosum in people without immune deficiency...
May 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512540/the-effects-of-three-remineralizing-agents-on-regression-of-white-spot-lesions-in-children-a-two-week-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Masoumeh Ebrahimi, Maryam Mehrabkhani, Farzaneh Ahrari, Iman Parisay, Maliheh Jahantigh
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of three remineralizing agents on improving white spot lesions (WSLs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This clinical trial included children who had at least one WSL on anterior teeth of upper or lower jaws. The participants were randomly assigned to 4 groups by treatment: 1) a cream containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and fluoride (MI Paste Plus); 2) a cream containing hydroxyapatite and fluoride (Remin Pro); 3) a 2% sodium fluoride gel; and 4) usual home care (control)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511711/sglt2-inhibitors-a-novel-choice-for-the-combination-therapy-in-diabetic-kidney-disease
#9
REVIEW
Honghong Zou, Baoqin Zhou, Gaosi Xu
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the most common cause of end stage renal disease. The comprehensive management of DKD depends on combined target-therapies for hyperglycemia, hypertension, albuminuria, and hyperlipaemia, etc. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, the most recently developed oral hypoglycemic agents acted on renal proximal tubules, suppress glucose reabsorption and increase urinary glucose excretion. Besides improvements in glycemic control, they presented excellent performances in direct renoprotective effects and the cardiovascular (CV) safety by decreasing albuminuria and the independent CV risk factors such as body weight and blood pressure, etc...
May 16, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511520/effect-of-trauma-to-primary-tooth-on-permanent-maxillary-incisors-a-clinical-case-report
#10
Bhawana Gupta, Sachin Gupta, Jitesh Wadhwa, Alpa Gupta
Trauma to primary tooth leads to abnormal variations in crown and root canals of permanent teeth that presents a challenge in diagnosis and clinical management to the practitioner. This article presents a detailed case report of the endodontic treatment of a three canalled maxillary central incisor and maxillary lateral incisor having single canal with open apex linked with periodontal defect. Root canals were prepared with hand files and canals were irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution. Calcium hydroxide was placed as an intracanal medicament...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511420/effect-of-intraperitoneal-injection-of-saffron-on-the-treatment-of-experimental-endotoxin-induced-uveitis-in-the-rabbit
#11
Mohammad Reza Talebnejad, Kazem Soltanzadeh, Eghtedari Masoomeh, Masoud Yasemi, Mohammad Reza Khalili, Sherafat Maryam
INTRODUCTION: Saffron with scientific name of "Crocus sativus" from the family "Iridaceae" is a plant without stem and root. Antioxidative and immunomodulatory effects of saffron has been demonstrated in different studies. AIM: To assess the effects of saffron in the treatment on Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced uveitis in the rabbit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty healthy female New Zealand white rabbits were prepared. LPS induced uveitis was confirmed via slit lamp examination 24 hours after intravitreal injection of Salmonella typhimurium LPS endotoxin in the right eye of all rabbits...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509350/high-sodium-continuous-veno-venous-hemodialysis-with-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-and-online-dialysate-generation-in-patients-with-acute-liver-failure-and-cerebral-edema
#12
Tamim Hamdi, Lenar Yessayan, Jerry Yee, Balazs Szamosfalvi
INTRODUCTION: Acute liver failure is associated with a high mortality rate. Induction of plasma hypertonicity with mannitol or hypertonic saline remains the cornerstone in the management of resultant cerebral edema. Significant disadvantages of this approach include poor or unpredictable control of serum sodium concentration and volume expansion, among others. METHODS: We used high sodium continuous veno-venous hemodialysis with regional citrate anticoagulation and online dialysate generation to accurately control the serum sodium in eleven patients with acute liver failure, renal failure, and cerebral edema...
May 16, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506596/advances-in-medical-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-common-genitourinary-cancers
#13
REVIEW
Mohammad H Bagheri, Mark A Ahlman, Liza Lindenberg, Baris Turkbey, Jeffrey Lin, Ali Cahid Civelek, Ashkan A Malayeri, Piyush K Agarwal, Peter L Choyke, Les R Folio, Andrea B Apolo
Medical imaging of the 3 most common genitourinary (GU) cancers-prostate adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, and urothelial carcinoma of the bladder-has evolved significantly during the last decades. The most commonly used imaging modalities for the diagnosis, staging, and follow-up of GU cancers are computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). Multiplanar multidetector computed tomography and multiparametric MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging are the main imaging modalities for renal cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma, and although multiparametric MRI is rapidly becoming the main imaging tool in the evaluation of prostate adenocarcinoma, biopsy is still required for diagnosis...
May 12, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503072/long-term-clinical-benefit-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-8-week-multimodal-knee-osteoarthritis-management-program-incorporating-intra-articular-sodium-hyaluronate-hyalgan-%C3%A2-injections
#14
Larry E Miller, Michael J Sloniewsky, Thomas E Gibbons, Janice G Johnston, Kent D Vosler, Saad Nasir
BACKGROUND: Given the poor long-term effectiveness of focused nonsurgical knee osteoarthritis (OA) treatments, alternative therapies are needed for patients who have unsuccessfully exhausted nonsurgical options. METHODS: A telephone interview was conducted in patients who participated in a single 8-week multimodal knee OA treatment program (mean follow-up: 3.7 years, range: 2.7-4.9 years). The program consisted of five intra-articular knee injections of sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan(®)), with each injection given 1 week apart, structured physical therapy, knee bracing, and patient education...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502906/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-forsythia-suspensa-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis
#15
Youn-Hwan Hwang, Dong-Gun Kim, Wei Li, Hye Jin Yang, Nam-Hui Yim, Jin Yeul Ma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythia suspensa Fructus (FS) is used to treat various inflammatory disorders in traditional Oriental medicine, including gastrointestinal diseases, but its therapeutic potential in ulcerative colitis is unclear. Thus, we investigated any potential therapeutic effects of FS against intestinal inflammation and the bioactive constituents in FS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the induction of colitis using 3% dextran sulfate sodium, FS (100mg/kg/day) was administered orally during the experimental period...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498294/target-serum-sodium-levels-during-intensive-care-unit-management-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#16
Tomoya Okazaki, Toru Hifumi, Kenya Kawakita, Hajime Shishido, Daisuke Ogawa, Masanobu Okauchi, Atsushi Shindo, Masahiko Kawanishi, Takashi Tamiya, Yasuhiro Kuroda
INTRODUCTION: Dysnatremia commonly occur in the intensive care unit (ICU)- management of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, detailed management strategies have not been provided even by current guidelines. The purposes of this study were to examine the association of abnormal serum sodium levels with unfavorable neurologic outcomes and to identify the target range of serum sodium in patients with SAH. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who were consecutively hospitalized with a confirmed diagnosis of SAH between January 2009 and December 2015...
May 11, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494173/suicide-attempt-with-acetonitrile-ingestion-in-a-nursing-mother
#17
Eduardo Mello De Capitani, Carla Fernanda Borrasca-Fernandes, Maíra Branco Pimenta, Camila Carbone Prado, Paula Christiane Soubhia, Rafael Lanaro, Sueli Mello Moreira, Rafael Linden, Helena Valle Nóbrega, Fábio Bucaretchi, José Luiz Costa
CONTEXT: Acetonitrile (ACN) is a solvent rapidly absorbed through lungs and intestinal tract, and is slowly metabolized to cyanide (CN) by enzymatic processes mediated by CYP2E1. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and laboratory evolution, ACN elimination half-life, and its presence in breast milk in a nursing mother who attempted suicide. CASE DETAILS: A 25-year-old 2-month nursing mother ingested an estimated dose of 2.1 g/kg of ACN. Blood and urine samples were collected 24 h later for ACN, CN and thiocyanate analysis, and 12...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492611/the-effect-of-topical-treatments-for-crs-on-the-sinonasal-epithelial-barrier
#18
M Ramezanpour, A Rayan, J L P Smith, S Vreugde
BACKGROUND: Several topical treatments are used in the management of Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS), some of which the safety and efficacy has yet to be determined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of commonly used topical treatments on the sinonasal epithelial barrier. METHODS: Normal saline (0.9% Sodium Chloride), hypertonic saline (3% Sodium Chloride), FESS Sinu-Cleanse Hypertonic, FLO Sinus Care and Budesonide 1 mg/ 2 ml were applied to the apical side of air-liquid interface (ALI) cultures of primary human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) from CRS patients (n=3) and non-CRS controls (n=3) for 24 hours...
May 10, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490900/complex-management-of-a-patient-with-refractory-primary-erythromelalgia-lacking-a-scn9a-mutation
#19
Sarah A Low, Wendye Robbins, Vivianne L Tawfik
A 41-year-old woman presented with burning and erythema in her extremities triggered by warmth and activity, which was relieved by applying ice. Extensive workup was consistent with adult-onset primary erythromelalgia (EM). Several pharmacological treatments were tried including local anesthetics, capsaicin, ziconotide, and dantrolene, all providing 24-48 hours of relief followed by symptom flare. Interventional therapies, including peripheral and sympathetic ganglion blocks, also failed. Thus far, clonidine and ketamine have been the only effective agents for our patient...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488023/glucose-enhances-rotavirus-enterotoxin-induced-intestinal-chloride-secretion
#20
Liangjie Yin, Rejeesh Menon, Reshu Gupta, Lauren Vaught, Paul Okunieff, Sadasivan Vidyasagar
Rotavirus causes severe diarrhea in small children and is typically treated using glucose-containing oral rehydration solutions; however, glucose may have a detrimental impact on these patients, because it increases chloride secretion and presumably water loss. The rotavirus enterotoxin nonstructural protein 4 (NSP4) directly inhibits glucose-mediated sodium absorption. We examined the effects of NSP4 and glucose on sodium and chloride transport in mouse small intestines and Caco-2 cells. Mouse small intestines and Caco-2 cells were incubated with NSP4114-135 in the presence/absence of glucose...
May 10, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
keyword
keyword
48528
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"