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Ying Shao, Qian-Zhao Chen, Yu-Hua Zeng, Yang Li, Wen-Yan Ren, Lin-Yun Zhou, Rong-Xin Liu, Ke Wu, Jun-Qing Yang, Zhong-Liang Deng, Yu Yu, Wen-Juan Sun, Bai-Cheng He
Rosiglitazone (RSG) is a potent drug used in the treatment of insulin resistance; however, it is associated with marked skeletal toxicity. RSG-induced osteoporosis may contribute to the promotion of adipogenic differentiation at the expense of osteogenic differentiation in bone marrow stromal cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether RSG-induced bone toxicity can be reversed by combined treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). We examined different osteogenic markers in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) following treatment with RSG, ATRA, or RSG and ATRA in combination...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jin-Hui Ma, Wan-Shou Guo, Zi-Rong Li, Bai-Liang Wang
BACKGROUND: Systemic administration of bisphosphonates has shown promising results in the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). However, few studies have evaluated the efficacy of local zoledronate (ZOL) administration in the treatment of ONFH. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether local administration of bisphosphonate-soaked hydroxyapatite (HA) could improve bone healing in an experimental rabbit model of ONFH. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted between October 2014 and June 2015...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Ming-Jie Zhang, Yun Liu, Zi-Cheng Hu, Yi Zhou, Yan Pi, Lu Guo, Xu Wang, Xue Chen, Jing-Cheng Li, Li-Li Zhang
The phenotypic modulation of contractile vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is widely accepted as the pivotal process in the arterial remodeling induced by hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) on regulating VSMC plasticity and intracranial arteriole remodeling in hypertension. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and TRPV1(-/-) mice on a C57BL/6J background were used. By microscopic observation of the histopathological sections of vessels from hypertensive SHR and age-matched normotensive WKY control rats, we found that hypertension induced arterial remodeling...
October 24, 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Nobuaki Ozeki, Makio Mogi, Naoko Hase, Taiki Hiyama, Hideyuki Yamaguchi, Rie Kawai, Kazuhiko Nakata
Inorganic polyphosphate [Poly(P)] induces differentiation of osteoblastic cells. In this study, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAT-MSC) to investigate whether MMP-13 activity induced by Poly(P) is associated with osteogenic differentiation. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and an MMP-13 activity assay were used in this study. Poly(P) enhanced expression of mature osteoblast markers, such as osteocalcin (BGLAP) and osteopontin (SPP1), osterix (OSX), and bone sialoprotein (BSP), and increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and calcification capacity in hAT-MSCs...
October 24, 2016: Bioscience Trends
Paulo Roberto Camati, Allan Fernando Giovanini, Hugo Eduardo de Miranda Peixoto, Cassiana Majewski Schuanka, Maria Cecília Giacomel, Melissa Rodrigues de Araújo, João César Zielak, Rafaela Scariot, Tatiana Miranda Deliberador
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to verify the likely influence of presurgical administration of low doses of alendronate sodium in craniofacial bone repair and correlate the histological frame found on reparative tissue to the immunohistochemical presence of IGF1, IGF2, and osteopontin (OP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 120 rats were randomly allocated into four groups: group C (control), group OA (autogenous bone), group B (bisphosphonates), and group OA-B (autogenous bone + bisphosphonates)...
October 22, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Sher Bahadur Poudel, Govinda Bhattarai, Jae-Hwan Kim, Sung-Ho Kook, Young-Kwon Seo, Young-Mi Jeon, Jeong-Chae Lee
Fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7) plays an important role in regulating the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of cells. However, the role of FGF7 in bone formation is not yet fully understood. We examined the effect of FGF7 on bone formation using a rat model of mandible defects. Rats underwent mandible defect surgery and then either scaffold treatment alone (control group) or FGF7-impregnated scaffold treatment (FGF7 group). Micro-CT and histological analyses revealed that the FGF7 group exhibited greater bone formation than did the control group 10 weeks after surgery...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Chengcheng Yin, Yanjing Zhang, Qing Cai, Baosheng Li, Hua Yang, Heling Wang, Hua Qi, Yanmin Zhou, Weiyan Meng
In clinical applications, osseointegration is essential for the long-term stability of dental implants. Inspired by the hierarchical structure of natural bone, we applied the electrochemical etching (EC) technique to form a micro-nano structure on a titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) substrate, called EC surface. Sand blasting and acid etching (SLA) and machined (M) methods were employed to generate micro and smooth textures, respectively, as the control groups. The surface topographies of the three substrates were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Thiago Almeida Pereira, Wing-Kin Syn, Frederico Figueiredo Amâncio, Pedro Henrique Diniz Cunha, Julia Fonseca Morais Caporali, Guilherme Vaz de Melo Trindade, Elisângela Trindade Santos, Márcia Maria Souza, Zilton Araújo Andrade, Rafal P Witek, William Evan Secor, Fausto Edmundo Lima Pereira, José Roberto Lambertucci, Anna Mae Diehl
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic acute schistosomiasis mansoni is a systemic hypersensitivity reaction against the migrating schistosomula and mature eggs after a primary infection. The mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of acute schistosomiasis are not fully elucidated. Osteopontin has been implicated in granulomatous reactions and in acute hepatic injury. Our aims were to evaluate if osteopontin plays a role in acute Schistosoma mansoni infection in both human and experimentally infected mice and if circulating OPN levels could be a novel biomarker of this infection...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Luca Bello, Kevin M Flanigan, Robert B Weiss, Pietro Spitali, Annemieke Aartsma-Rus, Francesco Muntoni, Irina Zaharieva, Alessandra Ferlini, Eugenio Mercuri, Sylvie Tuffery-Giraud, Mireille Claustres, Volker Straub, Hanns Lochmüller, Andrea Barp, Sara Vianello, Elena Pegoraro, Jaya Punetha, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Mamta Giri, Craig M McDonald, Eric P Hoffman
The expressivity of Mendelian diseases can be influenced by factors independent from the pathogenic mutation: in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), for instance, age at loss of ambulation (LoA) varies between individuals whose DMD mutations all abolish dystrophin expression. This suggests the existence of trans-acting variants in modifier genes. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes (SPP1, encoding osteopontin, and LTBP4, encoding latent transforming growth factor β [TGFβ]-binding protein 4) have been established as DMD modifiers...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Tianjia Li, Leng Ni, Xinnong Liu, Zhanqi Wang, Changwei Liu
Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in mineral metabolism and the inflammatory response while diabetes mellitus is associated with severe and extensive vascular calcification. Therefore, we speculated that OPN could be a key factor in the calcification and dysfunction of blood vessels exposed to high glucose. To identify the relationship between high glucose and OPN, we used high glucose medium to stimulate smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in vitro and diabetic rats for in vivo analyses...
October 12, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Dong Zheng, Koon Gee Neoh, En-Tang Kang
Immobilization of alendronate on orthopedic implants offers the possibility of enhancing osteogenesis without potentially adverse effects associated with systemic administration of this drug. In this work, alendronate was immobilized on titanium (Ti) via either its phosphate (Method 1) or amino (Method 2) groups, and responses of osteoblasts and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on these surfaces were investigated. These modified substrates have similar surface roughness and are negatively charged. With similar amounts of immobilized alendronate, these two types of modified substrates showed comparable osteogenic stimulating effects in enhancing osteoblasts' alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and calcium deposition for the first 10days...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Joseph P Fiorellini, Sven Glindmann, Jairo Salcedo, Hans-Peter Weber, Chang-Joo Park, Hector L Sarmiento
Osteopontin (OPN) and an OPN-derived synthetic peptide, OC-1016, have demonstrated their potential to enhance osseointegration in vitro. The purpose of this study was to evaluate bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and surrounding bone density (BD) of implants coated with either recombinant human OPN (rhOPN) or OC-1016 as compared with noncoated titanium plasma sprayed (TPS) surface in a canine model. Histomorphometric analysis revealed that at 4 weeks, %BIC and %BD of coated implants were significantly higher than those of noncoated TPS implants...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Annette K Brenner, Elise Aasebø, Maria Hernandez-Valladares, Frode Selheim, Frode Berven, Øystein Bruserud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Hanna Taipaleenmäki, Nicholas H Farina, Andre J van Wijnen, Janet L Stein, Eric Hesse, Gary S Stein, Jane B Lian
Wnt signaling is implicated in bone formation and activated in breast cancer cells promoting primary and metastatic tumor growth. A compelling question is whether osteogenic miRNAs that increase Wnt activity for bone formation are aberrantly expressed in breast tumor cells to support metastatic bone disease. Here we report that miR-218-5p is highly expressed in bone metastases from breast cancer patients, but is not detected in normal mammary epithelial cells. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-218-5p impaired the growth of bone metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells in the bone microenvironment in vivo...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Shang-You Yang, Nora Strong, Xuan Gong, Michael H Heggeness
BACKGROUND: Stem cell-involved tissue engineering has gained dramatic attention as a therapeutic strategy for tissue regeneration including bone repair. However, the currently available possibilities to use embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPCs) face potential ethical issues, as well as risks of malignant transformation and immune rejection. Recently identified peripheral nerve-derived adult pluripotent cells (NEDAPS) that quickly proliferate after exposure to BMP-2 or nerve trauma and exhibit many embryonic stem cell characteristics may provide an attractive source cells for a variety of regenerative therapies...
October 10, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Tua Vinther-Jensen, Lars Börnsen, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Cecilie Ammitzbøll, Ida U Larsen, Lena E Hjermind, Finn Sellebjerg, Jørgen E Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate CSF biomarkers of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in Huntington disease (HD) gene-expansion carriers compared to controls and to investigate these biomarkers in association with clinical HD rating scales and disease burden score. METHODS: We collected CSF from 32 premanifest and 48 manifest HD gene-expansion carriers and 24 gene-expansion negative at-risk controls. We examined biomarkers of neuroinflammation (matrix metalloproteinase 9, C-X-C motif chemokine 13, terminal complement complex, chitinase-3-like-protein 1 [CHI3L1], and osteopontin [OPN]) and neurodegeneration (microtubule-associated protein tau, neurofilament light polypeptide [NFL], and myelin basic protein [MBP])...
December 2016: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
Karen Stanic, Natalia Saldivia, Benjamín Förstera, Marcela Torrejón, Hernán Montecinos, Teresa Caprile
Extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules are pivotal for central nervous system (CNS) development, facilitating cell migration, axonal growth, myelination, dendritic spine formation, and synaptic plasticity, among other processes. During axon guidance, the ECM not only acts as a permissive or non-permissive substrate for navigating axons, but also modulates the effects of classical guidance cues, such as netrin or Eph/ephrin family members. Despite being highly important, little is known about the expression of ECM molecules during CNS development...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Kazumi Taguchi, Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Rei Unno, Yoshinobu Moritoki, Ryosuke Ando, Kentaro Mizuno, Keiichi Tozawa, Kenjiro Kohri, Takahiro Yasui
In our previous report, M2-macrophage (Mφs) deficient mice showed increased renal calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystal formation; however, the role of Mφs-related-cytokines and chemokines that affect kidney stone formation remains unknown. Here, we investigated the role of M1/M2s in crystal development by using in vitro and in vivo approaches. The crystal phagocytic rate of bone marrow-derived M2Mφs was higher than that of bone marrow-derived Mφs and M1Mφs and increased on co-culture with renal tubular cells (RTCs)...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Thiago Almeida Pereira, Wing-Kin Syn, Fausto E L Pereira, José Roberto Lambertucci, William Evan Secor, Anna Mae Diehl
Schistosomiasis is a major cause of fibrosis and portal hypertension. The reason 4-10% of infected subjects develops hepatosplenic schistosomiasis remains unclear. Chronically infected male CBA/J mice reproduce the dichotomic forms of human schistosomiasis. Most mice (80%) develop moderate splenomegaly syndrome (similar to hepatointestinal disease in humans) and 20% present severe hypersplenomegaly syndrome (analogous to human hepatosplenic disease). We demonstrated that the profibrogenic molecule osteopontin discriminates between mice with severe and mild disease and could be a novel morbidity biomarker in murine and human schistosomiasis...
October 10, 2016: International Journal for Parasitology
Chao-Qun Wang, Hao-Ting Sun, Xiao-Mei Gao, Ning Ren, Yuan-Yuan Sheng, Zheng Wang, Yan Zheng, Jin-Wang Wei, Kai-Li Zhang, Xin-Xin Yu, Yin Zhu, Qin Luo, Lu-Yu Yang, Qiong-Zhu Dong, Lun-Xiu Qin
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), one of the most important inflammatory cytokines, plays a pivotal role in metastasis and stemness of solid tumors. However, the underlying mechanisms of IL-6 in HCC metastasis remain unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that stemness and metastatic potential of HCC cells were significantly enhanced after IL-6 stimulation. IL-6 could induce expression of osteopontin (OPN), along with other stemness-related genes, including HIF1α, BMI1, and HEY1. Block of OPN induction could significantly abrogate the effect of IL-6 on stemness and metastasis of HCC cells...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
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