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Interleukin 36

Kamal Kumar Goyal, Abhijeet Saha, Puneet Kaur Sahi, Manpreet Kaur, Nand Kishore Dubey, Parul Goyal, Ashish Dutt Upadhayay
BACKGROUND: Hepcidin is the main regulator of hepcidin-ferroportin axis and is elevated in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Anemia of CKD and its relation to hepcidin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in iron- and erythropoietin (EPO)-naïve, non-dialyzed children with CKD is under-studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study aimed to study the levels of hepcidin and other proinflammatory markers (IL-6, TNF-α, hs-CRP) and their relation with anemia in iron- and erythropoietin-naïve, non-dialysis CKD (stage 3 - 5) patients...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
Qun-Fang Zhang, Guo-Yong Chen, Yun Liu, Hui-Juan Huang, Yan-Feng Song
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis (EM) interferes with the reproductive process and affects the success rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Inflammatory cytokines are suggested to play a role in infertility in patients with EM. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between resistin and interleukin 23 (IL-23) levels in follicular fluid (FF) and serum together with the severity of endometriosis and in vitro fertilization/ embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcome...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Lixia Hu, Fanliang Kong, Yueyin Pan
Purpose: Previous studies investigating the association between interleukin-17A (IL-17A) G197A polymorphism and gastric cancer risk have provided inconsistent results. We, therefore, conducted this meta-analysis to clarify the association between IL-17A G197A polymorphism and gastric cancer risk. Methods: We searched PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database, and CNKI databases to identify relevant studies up to June 10, 2017. A total of 16 case-control studies including 6,624 cases and 7,631 controls were identified...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Qing Zhou, Qian Ge, Yao Ding, Hua Qu, Huili Wei, Rui Wu, Lu Yao, Qianping Wei, Zhengping Feng, Jian Long, Huacong Deng
AIMS: To detect serum adipsin levels in subjects with different glucose tolerance and investigate the relationship between adipsin and first-phase of insulin secretion. METHODS: 56 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM), 36 patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and 45 subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were enrolled. Intravenous glucose tolerance tests were performed to evaluate pancreatic β cell function. The serum levels of adipsin, interleukin 1β (IL-1β), hypersensitive C Reactive Protein (hs-CRP) were assayed...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Q Liu, L C Zhao, P Shi, F X Ren, Y F Wu, G Q Xie
Objective: To evaluate whether baseline interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) as well as their ratio was associated with overall mortality risk over 7 years of follow-up in 11 communities of Beijing. Methods: Data from a prospective cohort study conducted between 2005 and 2012 in 11 communities of Beijing was analyzed to examine the above associations. Serum IL-6 and IL-10 were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Follow-up surveys were conducted in 2007, 2010 and 2012 to collect data about participant's survival...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Jeffanie Wu, Rakesh K Chandra, Ping Li, Benjamin P Hull, Justin H Turner
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The etiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)-associated olfactory loss is unclear, but may result from inflammatory changes in the olfactory epithelium that result in signaling dysfunction or loss of olfactory neurons. Several proinflammatory cytokines have been associated with CRS, but their expression within the olfactory cleft microenvironment and association with olfactory function is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study...
February 8, 2018: Laryngoscope
Akihiko Yokohama, Yoko Hashimoto, Makiko Takizawa, Hiroaki Shimizu, Yuri Miyazawa, Akio Saitoh, Kohtaro Toyama, Takuma Ishizaki, Takeki Mitsui, Takayuki Saitoh, Kayoko Murayama, Morio Matsumoto, Morio Sawamura, Hirokazu Murakami, Junko Hirato, Masaru Kojima, Yoshihisa Nojima, Hiroshi Handa, Norifumi Tsukamoto
Recent studies have revealed the clinical and biological features of stage I follicular lymphoma (FL), but information about patients with stage I FL who underwent total resection after tissue biopsy is limited. Among 305 FL patients diagnosed between 2001 and 2013, clinical stage I disease was observed in 36 patients. Of these, 18 patients underwent total resection after diagnostic tissue biopsy. We used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission CT for staging assessment in 13 of 18 patients (72.2%). The median age was 56...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology: JCEH
Katharina Köstner, Martina Prelog, Giovanni Almanzar, Heike Fesq, Johannes-Peter Haas, Boris Hügle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Rheumatology
Abdinasir Yusuf Osman, Abdul Aziz Saharee, Arifah Abdul Kadir
Brucella melitensis is a major zoonotic pathogen in which lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is believed to play a major role in the diseases pathogenesis. To study the immunopathophysiological aspects, we established a mouse model experimentally infected with whole cell of B. melitensis and its lipopolysaccharide via oral route of inoculation. Eighty four mice, BALB/c, both sexes with equal gender distribution and 6-8 weeks-old were randomly assigned into 3 groups. Group 1 (n = 36) were subcutaneoulsy inoculated with 0...
February 2, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Juliane Houcken, Christina Degenhart, Klaus Bender, Jochem König, Lara Frommer, George J Kahaly
Context: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of various genes increase susceptibility to monoglandular autoimmunity. Scarce data are available in autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APS). Objective: Evaluate potential associations of eight SNP with APS. Setting: Academic referral endocrine clinic. Patients: A total of 543 patients with APS, monoglandular autoimmunity and controls. Intervention: The SNP protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (PTPN22) rs2476601 (+1858), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) rs3087243 (CT60) and rs231775 (AG49), Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) rs1544410 (Bsm I), rs7975232 (Apa I), rs731236 (Taq I), tumor necrosis factor alpha rs1800630 (-863) and Interleukin-2 receptor alpha rs10795791 were tested by single base extension in all subjects...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Xiangpeng Lyu, Zhukai Cong, Yifan Tao, Dan Li, Xi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects and mechanism of α2A-adrenergic receptor (α2A-AR) antagonist BRL-44408 maleate on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. METHODS: Sixty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups (n = 20): sham group, LPS group and BRL-44408 maleate pre-treated group (BRL+LPS group). The model of ALI was replicated by intratracheally administrated of LPS (5 mg/kg), and the mice in the sham group were received an equal volume of saline...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Shufang Xu, Hui Zou, Heng Zhang, Siying Zhu, Rui Zhou, Jin Li
The prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is increasing markedly in China. The present study performed pedigree analysis of 4 families with a history of IBD and investigated the association of genetic and environmental factors with susceptibility to IBD. A total of 10 IBD patients (8 CD patients and 2 UC patients) and 90 family members were included in the present study. The clinical characteristics of familial subjects were compared with those of patients with sporadic IBD...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
D Jagadeswaran, E Indhumathi, A J Hemamalini, V Sivakumar, P Soundararajan, M Jayakumar
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome (MICS), hyperhomocysteinemia, calcium and phosphate levels derangement have been predicted as important contributing factors for the progression of cardiovascular burden. Among patients with earlier stage of CKD, hypoalbuminaemia and inflammation deliberated as non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors, which add more burden to circulatory disease, mortality and rapid advancement to CKD stage 5. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate inflammation and nutritional status of CKD patients not on dialysis using Malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) and to verify the association with mortality in the follow-up period...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Pamela Ferrari, Mariana Migliorini Parisi, Rafael Colombo, Matheus Becker, Gabriel Fries, Bruna Maria Ascoli, Luiza Paul Géa, Márcia Kauer-Sant Anna, Flávio Kapczinski, Fábio Klamt, Fátima T C R Guma, Adriane Ribeiro Rosa, Florencia M Barbé-Tuana
Objective: Evidence has suggested that immune imbalance is involved with bipolar disorder (BD); however, its precise mechanism is poorly understood. This study investigated whether biochemical changes in the serum from BD patients could modulate the phenotype of cultured macrophages. Methods: Eighteen subjects with BD and five healthy individuals were included in this study. The human monocyte cell line U-937 was activated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and polarization was induced with RPMI-1640 media supplemented with 10% serum from each patient for 24 hours...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Dan Wu, Li-Yan Guo, Pei-Si Lu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture on inflammatory indices and symptoms in patients with acute pelvic inflammatory disease, and investigate its mechanism. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with acute pelvic inflammatory disease were randomly assigned to a control group (n=37) given conventional treatment and an observation group (n=42) given conventional treatment and acupuncture therapy. In the observation group, acupionts of Zhongji(CV 3), Guanyuan(CV 4), Zigong(EX-CA 1), Zusanli(ST 36), Sanyinjiao(SP 6), etc...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Yongxing Yan, Jun Wang, Bin Qu, Yan Zhang, Yingnan Wei, Huili Liu, Chunli Wu
Neurosyphilis is a chronic infectious disease with involvement of central nervous system infection by Treponema pallidum. This study was to investigate the contents of B lymphocyte chemokine 1 (BLC-1/chemokine [C-X-C motif] ligand 13), Th1 cytokines (Interleukin [IL]-2, IL-12, and Interferon [IFN]-γ), and Th2 cytokines (IL-6 and IL-10) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of HIV-negative patients with neurosyphilis before and after treatment, aiming to elucidate roles of CXCL13 and Th1/Th2 cytokines in immune response to and pathogenesis of neurosyphilis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jianfei Zheng, Xudong Xiang, Bing Xiao, Huixia Li, Xun Gong, Shuo Yao, Ting Yuan
BACKGROUND: The potential benefits and possible risks associated with Xuebijing when combined with ulinastatin for sepsis treatment are not fully understood. METHODS: Databases, such as PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, WanFang and VIP, were searched to collect randomized, controlled trials. Studies were screened, data were extracted, and the methodological quality was assessed by two reviewers independently. A meta-analysis was carried out with Stata 11.0 software...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Fatemeh Mansouri, Rasoul Heydarzadeh, Saber Yousefi
Susceptibility to tuberculosis and progression of the disease depend on interactions between the bacterial agent, host immune system, and environmental and genetic factors. In this case-controlled study, we aimed to determine the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms of interferon-gamma, interleukin-4 and interleukin-17 in susceptibility to tuberculosis. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of patients and controls. The association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in interleukin-4 (-590C/T), interleukin-17 (-152A/G) and interferon-gamma (+874T/A) was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism and amplification refractory mutation system-PCR...
January 25, 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Kamal Gupta, Rishi Sharma, Vikas Singh, Reza Masoomi, Kottarappat N Dileepan, Jianghua He, Donald D Smith, Buddhadeb Dawn, Kenneth Grasing
Cocaine use causes significant cardiovascular morbidity from its hemodynamic effects. It is less clear whether cocaine promotes atherosclerosis. Vascular inflammation is one of the earliest steps in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that cocaine results in an increase in inflammatory markers. Study objective was to measure the acute effects of intravenous cocaine on biomarkers of vascular inflammation. Eleven chronic cocaine users were enrolled. After a drug-free period, they received intravenous cocaine at 0...
January 25, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Lucas C M Arruda, Kelen C R Malmegrim, João R Lima-Júnior, Emmanuel Clave, Juliana B E Dias, Daniela A Moraes, Corinne Douay, Isabelle Fournier, Hélène Moins-Teisserenc, Antônio José Alberdi, Dimas T Covas, Belinda P Simões, Pauline Lansiaux, Antoine Toubert, Maria Carolina Oliveira
To evaluate the immunological mechanisms associated with clinical outcomes after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT), focusing on regulatory T- (Treg) and B- (Breg) cell immune reconstitution, 31 systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients underwent simultaneous clinical and immunological evaluations over 36-month posttransplantation follow-up. Patients were retrospectively grouped into responders (n = 25) and nonresponders (n = 6), according to clinical response after AHSCT. Thymic function and B-cell neogenesis were respectively assessed by quantification of DNA excision circles generated during T- and B-cell receptor rearrangements...
January 23, 2018: Blood Advances
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