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Interleukin 36

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678185/the-intrathecal-expression-and-pathogenetic-role-of-th17-cytokines-and-cxcr2-binding-chemokines-in-tick-borne-encephalitis
#1
Sambor Grygorczuk, Renata Świerzbińska, Maciej Kondrusik, Justyna Dunaj, Piotr Czupryna, Anna Moniuszko, Agnieszka Siemieniako, Sławomir Pancewicz
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a clinically variable but potentially severe Flavivirus infection, with the outcome strongly dependent on secondary immunopathology. Neutrophils are present in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of TBE patients, but their pathogenetic role remains unknown. In animal models, neutrophils contributed both to the Flavivirus entry into central nervous system (CNS) and to the control of the encephalitis, which we attempted to evaluate in human TBE. METHODS: We analyzed records of 240 patients with TBE presenting as meningitis (n = 110), meningoencephalitis (n = 114) or meningoencephalomyelitis (n = 16) assessing CSF neutrophil count on admission and at follow-up 2 weeks later, and their associations with other laboratory and clinical parameters...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675912/tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-308-g-a-and-interleukin-1-%C3%AE-511-c-t-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-scarring-acne
#2
Gulsen Akoglu, Cagman Tan, Deniz Cagdas Ayvaz, Ilhan Tezcan
BACKGROUND: Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder which may heal with scarring. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF α) and interleukin 1 β (IL-1β) are considered as the main responsible proinflammatory mediators of acne pathogenesis. Oversecretion of these cytokines was found to be associated with TNF α-308 G>A and IL-1β-511 C<T polymorphisms. AIM: To evaluate the association of TNF α-308 and IL-1β-511 gene polymorphisms with acne and postacne scarring susceptibility and acne severity...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670279/safety-pharmacokinetics-and-biomarkers-of-f-652-a-recombinant-human-interleukin-22-dimer-in-healthy-subjects
#3
Kai-Yang Tang, Jason Lickliter, Zhi-Hua Huang, Zong-Shu Xian, Han-Yang Chen, Cheng Huang, Chong Xiao, Yu-Peng Wang, Ying Tan, Lin-Feng Xu, Yu-Liang Huang, Xiao-Qiang Yan
F-652 is a recombinant fusion protein consisting of two human interleukin-22 (IL-22) molecules linked to an immunoglobulin constant region (IgG2 -Fc). IL-22 plays critical roles in promoting tissue repair and suppressing bacterial infection. The safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), tolerability, and biomarkers of F-652 were evaluated following a single dose in healthy male volunteers in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Following single-dose subcutaneous (SC) injection of F-652 at 2.0 µg/kg into healthy subjects, six out of six subjects experienced delayed injection site reactions, which presented as erythematous and/or discoid eczematous lesions 10 to 17 days post-dosing...
April 18, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668624/effect-of-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplemented-parenteral-nutrition-on-inflammatory-and-immune-function-in-postoperative-patients-with-gastrointestinal-malignancy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials-in-china
#4
Yajie Zhao, Chengfeng Wang
BACKGROUND: There are no consensus regarding the efficacy of omega-3polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on inflammatory and immune function in postoperative patients with gastrointestinal malignancy. METHODS: The literatures published randomized control trials (RCT) were searched in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Weipu, and Wanfang Databases. The immune efficacy outcomes of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented parenteral nutrition in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy were compared...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661675/burnt-sugarcane-harvesting-is-associated-with-rhinitis-symptoms-and-inflammatory-markers
#5
Iara Buriola Trevisan, Ubiratan de Paula Santos, Marceli Rocha Leite, Aline Duarte Ferreira, Bruna Spolador de Alencar Silva, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Gabriel Faustino Santa Brigida, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Dionei Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Burnt sugarcane harvesting requires intense physical exertion in an environment with high temperatures and exposure to particulate matter. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of burnt sugarcane harvesting on rhinitis symptoms and inflammatory markers in sugarcane workers. METHODS: 32 male sugarcane workers were evaluated with questionnaire for rhinitis symptoms, and for inflammatory markers on peripheral blood and nasal lavage, in the non-harvesting, and 3 and 6 months into the sugarcane harvesting period...
April 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661455/management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-abo-incompatible-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report
#6
S Ishikawa, M Tasaki, T Kuroda, D Kobayashi, K Saito, Y Nakagawa, M Ikeda, K Takahashi, Y Tomita
Biologic agents are a beneficial therapy for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). However, there is a lack of evidence with regard to management of these agents for JIA patients who undergo kidney transplantation (KTx). A 36-year-old woman with JIA who was treated with tocilizumab targeting interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor underwent ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation (ABOi KTx). To prevent over-immunosuppression, tocilizumab was discontinued before ABOi KTx. Rituximab, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, everolimus, and methylprednisolone were used for immunosuppression...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657871/investigation-of-the-role-of-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-vntr-variant-on-the-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#7
Gül Dursun, Ayşe Feyda Nursal, Helin Deniz Demir, Nevin Karakuş, Osman Demir, Serbülent Yiğit
Objective: Behçet's disease (BD), a chronic multisystem inflammatory disorder, is mainly characterized by relapsing periods of a wide range of clinical symptoms. Several cytokine genes may play important roles in the pathogenesis of BD. Therefore, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) gene 86bp variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) variant was investigated in patients with BD in a Turkish population. Methods: One hundred nine patients (60 females, 49 males; the mean age±standard deviation [SD] was 36...
March 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655568/luteolin-attenuates-acute-lung-injury-in-experimental-mouse-model-of-sepsis
#8
Soya Rungsung, Thakur Uttam Singh, Dipankar Jyoti Rabha, Tarun Kumar, Madhu Cholenahalli Lingaraju, Subhashree Parida, Avishek Paul, Monalisa Sahoo, Dinesh Kumar
The present investigation was undertaken to assess the result of pretreatment of luteolin in sepsis-induced acute lung injury in mice and its mechanism of action. Luteolin was administered intraperitoneally one hour before caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) surgery in mice. Acute lung injury was assessed by estimation of different parameters like lung edema, protein content, cytokines level, oxidative stress, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 expression and histopathology...
April 11, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649030/resistin-is-a-novel-marker-for-postoperative-pain-intensity
#9
Jun Hozumi, Masahiko Sumitani, Daisuke Nishizawa, Makoto Nagashima, Kazutaka Ikeda, Hiroaki Abe, Ryoji Kato, Yoshiomi Kusakabe, Yoshitsugu Yamada
BACKGROUND: Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines (adipokines) associated with adipose tissue can modulate inflammatory processes and lead to systemic inflammatory conditions such as metabolic syndrome. In the present pilot study, we investigated 3 major adipokines (leptin, adiponectin, and resistin) and 2 nonspecific proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6) with regard to their association with postoperative pain intensity. METHODS: We analyzed a total of 45 single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the adipokines in 57 patients with postlaparotomy pain...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644902/interleukin-il-36-gamma-induces-mucin-5ac-oligomeric-mucus-gel-forming-expression-via-il-36-receptor-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-and-2-and-p38-nuclear-factor-kappa-light-chain-enhancer-of-activated-b-cells-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells
#10
Chang Hoon Bae, Yoon Seok Choi, Hyung Gyun Na, Si-Youn Song, Yong-Dae Kim
BACKGROUND: Mucin 5AC, oligomeric mucus/gel-forming (MUC5AC) expression is significantly increased in allergic and inflammatory airway diseases. Interleukin (IL) 36 gamma is predominantly expressed in airway epithelial cells and plays an important role in innate and adaptive immune responses. IL-36 gamma is induced by many inflammatory mediators, including cytokines and bacterial and viral infections. However, the association between IL-36 gamma and mucin secretion in human airway epithelial cells has not yet been fully investigated...
March 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642948/sex-and-interleukin-6-are-prognostic-factors-for-autoimmune-toxicity-following-treatment-with-anti-ctla4-blockade
#11
Sara Valpione, Sandro Pasquali, Luca Giovanni Campana, Luisa Piccin, Simone Mocellin, Jacopo Pigozzo, Vanna Chiarion-Sileni
BACKGROUND: Ipilimumab is a licensed immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma patients and, in the US, as adjuvant treatment for high risk melanoma radically resected. The use of ipilimumab is associated with a typical but unpredictable pattern of side effects. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical features and blood biomarkers capable of predicting ipilimumab related toxicity. METHODS: We performed a prospective study aimed at analyzing potential clinical and biological markers associated with immune-related toxicity in patients treated with ipilimumab (3 mg/kg, q3w)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624878/elastographic-ultrasound-an-additional-image-tool-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#12
Eric Kimura-Hayama, Sergio Criales-Vera, Luis Azpeitia-Espinosa, Carlos Pacheco-Molina, Edgardo Reyes, Guadalupe Lima, Diego Hernandez-Ramirez, Luis Llorente, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina
AIM: To evaluate the stiffness of parotid and submandibular glands using elastography ultrasound and to correlate it with B-mode ultrasonographical, clinical and serological features, salivary profibrotic and inflammatory chemokines, and salivary gland fibrosis. METHODS: We performed B-mode and elastography ultrasound of major salivary glands of 26 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. We registered the shear wave velocity (SWV) and correlated it with the morphologic ultrasonographic changes assessed by the Hocevar scale...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620037/association-of-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-intron-2-variable-number-of-tandem-repeats-polymorphism-with-vitiligo-susceptibility-in-gujarat-population
#13
Mala Singh, Mohmmad Shoab Mansuri, Shahnawaz D Jadeja, Yogesh S Marfatia, Rasheedunnisa Begum
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a multifactorial, polygenic, autoimmune skin disorder caused by selective destruction of melanocytes. Interleukin 1 receptor antagonist intron 2 polymorphism was found to be associated with various autoimmune disorders. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the association of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist intron 2 variable number of tandem repeats polymorphism (rs2234663) with vitiligo to assess interleukin 1 receptor antagonist transcript levels and to perform possible genotype-phenotype correlation...
April 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617527/association-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-with-t-helper-1-t-helper-17-phenotypes-a-semantic-map-analysis
#14
Rahel Thomi, Simone Cazzaniga, S Morteza Seyed Jafari, Christoph Schlapbach, Robert E Hunger
Importance: In spite of progress in understanding the mechanisms underlying hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) as an inflammatory skin disease, there is still a demand for an overview on immunopathogenesis of HS. Objective: To demonstrate the importance of the type 1/type 17 immune response in lesional HS skin by drawing a semantic connectivity map. Design, Setting, and Participants: Single-center case series of 24 patients with HS. Association of HS with T helper 1/T helper 17 (TH1/TH17) phenotype was assessed using semantic map analysis...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597125/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-exogenous-lactoferrin-on-breeding-induced-endometritis-in-susceptible-mares-when-administered-post-breeding-in-susceptible-mares
#15
C E Fedorka, K E Scoggin, Y L Boakari, N E Hoppe, E L Squires, B A Ball, M H T Troedsson
The deposition of semen into the uterus of the horse induces a transient innate immune response that lasts 24-36 h in the normal mare. There exists a subset of mares that are unable to resolve this inflammation in a timely manner, and are classified as susceptible to the disease of persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE). Lactoferrin is a protein of interest as a potential therapeutic for this persistent inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties. The addition of human recombinant lactoferrin (hrLF) to the insemination dose was previously shown to suppress mRNA expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α at 6 h after insemination, but no studies have shown the effect of lactoferrin when infused post-breeding...
March 22, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595232/interleukin-36-cytokine-family-signalling-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#16
L Emtestam, K Sartorius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587234/the-pro-inflammatory-effects-of-particulate-matter-on-epithelial-cells-are-associated-with-elemental-composition
#17
Jingyi Shao, Amanda J Wheeler, Ling Chen, Bo Strandberg, Andrea Hinwood, Fay H Johnston, Graeme R Zosky
BACKGROUND: Adverse health effects of particulate matter (PM) vary with chemical composition; however, evidence regarding which elements are the most detrimental is limited. The roof space area provides an open and stable environment for outdoor PM to settle and deposit. Therefore, this study used roof space PM samples as a proxy of residential cumulative exposure to outdoor air pollution to investigate their pro-inflammatory effects on human lung cells and the contribution of the endotoxin and chemical content...
March 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580765/preoperative-erythropoietin-treatment-improves-survival-following-major-hepatic-resection-in-a-cirrhotic-rat-model
#18
Suk-Won Suh, Yoo Shin Choi, Soon Auck Hong, Hyun Kang, Donghyun Lee, Hye Ryoun Kim
AIM: Major hepatic resection of a cirrhotic liver may result in a fatal clinical course. Preoperative erythropoietin (EPO) treatment has been shown to have protective properties and to stimulate liver regeneration. This study aims to investigate the effect of preoperative EPO on survival following major hepatic resection in a cirrhotic rat model. METHODS: Cirrhotic liver was induced by intraperitoneal injection of thioacetamide (200mg/kg/mL) in 72 Lewis rats. Each 36 rats received EPO (1IU/g, every second day, 5 times preoperatively) or saline (control) and major hepatectomy (removal of the left and half of the median lobe) was performed...
March 23, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575872/premature-atherosclerosis-after-treatment-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-childhood
#19
Elżbieta Sadurska, Agnieszka Zaucha-Prażmo, Agnieszka Brodzisz, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Iwona Beń-Skowronek
INTRODUCTION: Late cardiovascular complications are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in patients treated for common malignancies of childhood. Late cardiotoxicity include increased development of atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis - related diseases. An evaluation of the endothelium can be made based on the measurement of endothelium-derived blood vasoactive factors, such as cytokines and adhesion molecules. Their elevated serum levels may serve as sensitive indicators of early atherosclerotic lesions in high risk patients...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571607/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-high-serum-il-6-concentration-as-risk-factors-for-tubal-factor-infertility-in-chinese-women
#20
Weiwei Chen, Xianting Jiao, Jun Zhang, Lei Wang, Xiaodan Yu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin-D [25(OH)D] and female infertility and to further explore the role of inflammatory cytokines. METHOD: We recruited 356 infertile women diagnosed with tubal factor infertility (TFI) or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis, as well as 180 fertile women. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1 β, and interferon-α were measured. RESULTS: The 25(OH)D concentration in TFI women was the lowest (16...
May 2018: Nutrition
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