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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206959/association-of-polymorphisms-rs1800012-in-col1a1-with-sports-related-tendon-and-ligament-injuries-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Chunguang Wang, Hao Li, Kang Chen, Bing Wu, Haifeng Liu
It has been reported that the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800012 in COL1A1 might be associated with the susceptibility to sports-related tendon and ligament injuries such as ACL injuries, Achilles tendon injuries, shoulder dislocations and tennis elbow. But the data from different studies have been conflicting. Here we attempted to systematically summarize and clarify the association between the SNP and sports-related tendon and ligament injuries risk. Six eligible studies including 933 cases and 1,381 controls were acquired from PubMed, Web Of Science and Cochrane library databases...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190632/effects-of-a-paraspinal-lumbar-tape-application-during-7-days-on-the-perceived-area-of-tape-contact
#2
Stefan Funk, Roy Finke, Stefan Zeh, Tobias Siebert, Christian Puta
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the changes of the perceived area of tape contact during a lumbar tape application that lasted 7 days. DESIGN: Single group, repeated measures study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three healthy collegiate students in sports science. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived area of tape contact was collected by preparing a drawing of their individual perceived tape outline into a printed body image...
November 2, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146562/hip-hop-dance-experience-linked-to-sociocognitive-ability
#3
Justin W Bonny, Jenna C Lindberg, Marc C Pacampara
Expertise within gaming (e.g., chess, video games) and kinesthetic (e.g., sports, classical dance) activities has been found to be linked with specific cognitive skills. Some of these skills, working memory, mental rotation, problem solving, are linked to higher performance in science, technology, math, and engineering (STEM) disciplines. In the present study, we examined whether experience in a different activity, hip hop dance, is also linked to cognitive abilities connected with STEM skills as well as social cognition ability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129281/the-science-of-strength-reflections-on-the-national-strength-and-conditioning-association-and-the-emergence-of-research-based-strength-and-conditioning
#4
Jason P Shurley, Janice S Todd, Terry C Todd
Shurley, JP, Todd, JS, and Todd, TC. The science of strength: reflections on the National Strength and Conditioning Association and the emergence of research-based strength and conditioning. J Strength Cond Res 31(2): 517-530, 2017-The National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) formed in 1978 when a group of 76 strength and conditioning coaches banded together to start an organization whose goal was to facilitate the exchange of ideas on strength training for sports. At the time, very little research existed regarding strength training protocols or their effects...
February 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125330/effects-of-bilateral-and-non-dominant-practices-on-the-lateral-preference-in-judo-matches
#5
Eliseo Iglesias-Soler, Xian Mayo, Xurxo Dopico, Miguel Fernández-Del-Olmo, Eduardo Carballeira, Juan Fariñas, Sergio Fernández-Uribe
This study analysed the effects of bilateral and non-dominant practice on novice practitioners' lateral preference for judo skills in a combat context (i.e., randori). Thirty sports sciences students (22 men and 8 women; mean age 19 ± 1 years) with right hand, foot, and counterclockwise rotation preferences were divided into 3 groups: bilateral (BG; n = 8), non-dominant (NDG; n = 11), and control (CG; n = 11). Participants received 8 weeks of training at a rate of 3 days per week. The NDG was trained to perform judo skills exclusive with their non-dominant side, while the BG performed every task symmetrically...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119870/promotion-of-the-journal-of-exercise-rehabilitation-to-the-international-level-based-on-journal-metrics
#6
Sun Huh
The aim of this study was to use journal metrics to confirm that the Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation has been promoted to the international level after changing its language to English-only in April 2013. Journal metrics, including the number of articles per year, countries of authors, countries of the editorial board members, impact factor, total citations, and the Hirsch index, were counted or calculated based on the journal homepage and the Web of Science Core Collection in December 2016. The number of citable articles was 52, 62, 59, and 74 in 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095069/the-evolution-of-champion-cross-country-skier-training-from-lumberjacks-to-professional-athletes
#8
Øyvind Sandbakk
Competitive cross-country (XC) skiing has traditions extending back to the mid-19th century, and was included as a men's event in the first Winter Games in 1924. Since then, tremendous improvements in equipment, track preparation, and knowledge about training have prompted greater increases in XC skiing speeds than in any other Olympic sport. In response, this commentary focuses on how the training of successful XC skiers has evolved, with interviews and training data from surviving Norwegian world and Olympic XC champions as primary sources...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074345/the-beneficial-effects-of-physical-activity-is-it-down-to-your-genes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-twin-and-family-studies
#9
REVIEW
J R Zadro, D Shirley, T B Andrade, K J Scurrah, A Bauman, P H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: There is evidence for considerable heterogeneity in the responsiveness to regular physical activity (PA) which might reflect the influence of genetic factors. The aim of this systematic review was to assess whether the response to a PA intervention for measures of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness is (i) correlated within twin pairs and/or families and (ii) more correlated in monozygotic twins (MZ) compared to dizygotic twins (DZ), which would be consistent with genetic effects...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067737/facial-trauma-in-sports
#11
James Leinhart, James Toldi, Matthew Tennison
Injuries resulting from facial trauma are common in all sports. Athlete-to-athlete contact, falls, and blows from equipment account for the majority of these events. Appropriate knowledge of basic science, relevant anatomy, and clinical skills is required to provide the correct medical care. While true medical emergencies are infrequent, a prompt accurate diagnosis is essential in developing targeted management and return to play options.
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065996/history-of-the-royal-college-of-chiropractic-sports-sciences-canada-the-early-years
#12
John De Finney, Gordon Lawson, David Gryfe, Susan Gillis-Lawson, John P Crawford
In 1978 the Canadian Chiropractic Association recognized the need to establish an organization that would prepare chiropractors to treat athletic injuries and promote these services to sports organizations. Dr. Adrian Grice approached three chiropractors to establish such an organization. The Canadian Chiropractic Sports Academy (CCSA) was established in 1978. This was the start of the chiropractic sports movement which has seen chiropractors playing prominent roles as team doctors to professional and amateur teams and athletes and in the delivery of care at major national and international competitions...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058696/size-exponents-for-scaling-maximal-oxygen-uptake-in-over-6500-humans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Lorenzo Lolli, Alan M Batterham, Kathryn L Weston, Greg Atkinson
BACKGROUND: Maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text] 2max) is conventionally normalized to body size as a simple ratio or using an allometric exponent < 1. Nevertheless, the most appropriate body size variable to use for scaling and the value of the exponent are still enigmatic. Studies tend to be based on small samples and can, therefore, lack precision. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to provide a quantitative synthesis of reported static allometric exponents used for scaling [Formula: see text] 2max to whole body mass and fat-free mass...
January 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054257/consensus-on-measurement-properties-and-feasibility-of-performance-tests-for-the-exercise-and-sport-sciences-a-delphi-study
#14
Sam Robertson, Peter Kremer, Brad Aisbett, Jacqueline Tran, Ester Cerin
BACKGROUND: Performance tests are used for multiple purposes in exercise and sport science. Ensuring that a test displays an appropriate level of measurement properties for use within a population is important to ensure confidence in test findings. The aim of this study was to obtain subject matter expert consensus on the measurement and feasibility properties that should be considered for performance tests used in the exercise and sport sciences and how these should be defined. This information was used to develop a checklist for broader dissemination...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046705/su-f-t-202-an-evaluation-method-of-lifetime-attributable-risk-for-comparing-between-proton-beam-therapy-and-intensity-modulated-x-ray-therapy-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-by-averaging-four-dose-response-models-for-carcinoma-induction
#15
M Tamura, Y Ito, H Sakurai, M Mizumoto, S Kamizawa, S Murayama, H Yamashita, S Takao, R Suzuki, H Shirato
PURPOSE: To examine how much lifetime attributable risk (LAR) as an in silico surrogate marker of radiation-induced secondary cancer would be lowered by using proton beam therapy (PBT) in place of intensity modulated x-ray therapy (IMXT) in pediatric patients. METHODS: From 242 pediatric patients with cancers who were treated with PBT, 26 patients were selected by random sampling after stratification into four categories: a) brain, head, and neck, b) thoracic, c) abdominal, and d) whole craniospinal (WCNS) irradiation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045955/an-objective-measure-of-noseband-tightness-and-its-measurement-using-a-novel-digital-tightness-gauge
#16
Orla Doherty, Thomas Conway, Richard Conway, Gerard Murray, Vincent Casey
Noseband tightness is difficult to assess in horses participating in equestrian sports such as dressage, show jumping and three-day-eventing. There is growing concern that nosebands are commonly tightened to such an extent as to restrict normal equine behaviour and possibly cause injury. In the absence of a clear agreed definition of noseband tightness, a simple model of the equine nose-noseband interface environment was developed in order to guide further studies in this area. The normal force component of the noseband tensile force was identified as the key contributor to sub-noseband tissue compression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039198/built-environment-and-health-a-systematic-review-of-studies-in-germany
#17
Maike Schulz, Matthias Romppel, Gesine Grande
OBJECTIVES: Empirical research on the relationship between the built environment and health is increasing at a tremendous pace. However, findings from Anglo-American countries may not apply to the European context. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing evidence on the role of the built environment for leading risk factors and health behavior in Germany. METHODS: Through an extensive search via PubMed and Web of Science, using predefined selection criteria, two independent reviewers identified 25 empirical studies...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039181/sports-biostatistician-a-critical-member-of-all-sports-science-and-medicine-teams-for-injury-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Martí Casals, Caroline F Finch
Sports science and medicine need specialists to solve the challenges that arise with injury data. In the sports injury field, it is important to be able to optimise injury data to quantify injury occurrences, understand their aetiology and most importantly, prevent them. One of these specialty professions is that of Sports Biostatistician. The aim of this paper is to describe the emergent field of Sports Biostatistics and its relevance to injury prevention. A number of important issues regarding this profession and the science of sports injury prevention are highlighted...
December 30, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003239/meta-analytical-review-of-the-effects-of-football-heading
#19
REVIEW
Anthony P Kontos, Rock Braithwaite, Sara P D Chrisman, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Larissa Symington, Valerie L Reeves, Michael W Collins
AIM/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide a meta-analysis examining the effects of football heading. DESIGN: Meta-analytical review on football heading effects on neurocognitive performance, cognition and symptom reports. DATA SOURCES: Combinations of the key terms were entered into the following electronic database search engines: Cochrane Libraries, PyscARTICLE, PyscINFO, PubMed, ProQuest, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science on 7 July 2016...
December 21, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976521/racing-chemistry-a-century-of-challenges-and-progress
#20
Christopher Kremmer
Horseracing has been called "one of the first quintessentially modern sports". Its urge towards standardization, its mathematically-set odds, concern with weights, and pioneering embrace of drug-testing reflect an empirical temperament crucial to its transformation from gentleman's pastime to global industry funded by wagering. Ironically, in the late 19th century, it was modern science itself, and in particular the purification and synthesis of the drugs of nature, that turned the doping of racing animals- a practice recorded in antiquity-into an organized criminal enterprise...
December 15, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
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