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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153178/a-100-year-review-the-production-of-fluid-market-milk
#1
David M Barbano
During the first 100 years of the Journal of Dairy Science, dairy foods and dairy production dairy scientists have partnered to publish new data and research results that have fostered the development of new knowledge. This knowledge has been the underpinning of both the commercial development of the fluid milk processing industry and regulations and marketing policies for the benefit of dairy farmers, processors, and consumers. During the first 50 years, most of the focus was on producing and delivering high-quality raw milk to factories and improving the shelf life of pasteurized fluid milk...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138214/sport-science-internships-for-learning-a-critical-view
#2
EDITORIAL
James J Malone
Sport science has gained vast popularity with students who have an interest in both physiology and the underpinning mechanisms of exercise concerning performance and health. The high numbers of graduates each year, coupled with the low number of graduate positions working in sports, has led to a high level of competition between students. To stand out from the crowd, sport science students may undertake an internship placement as part of their course, designed to enhance theoretical, practical, and soft skills in an applied setting...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132327/explaining-variance-in-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-first-year-students-in-health-professional-programs
#3
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick, Jimmy C Y Louie
BACKGROUND: Self-directed learning (SDL) is expected of health science graduates; it is thus a learning outcome in many pre-certification programs. Previous research identified age, gender, discipline and prior education as associated with variations in students' self-directed learning readiness (SDLR). Studies in other fields also propose personality as influential. METHOD: This study investigated relationships between SDLR and age, gender, discipline, previous education, and personality traits...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130840/what-works-for-wellbeing-a-systematic-review-of-wellbeing-outcomes-for-music-and-singing-in-adults
#4
Norma Daykin, Louise Mansfield, Catherine Meads, Guy Julier, Alan Tomlinson, Annette Payne, Lily Grigsby Duffy, Jack Lane, Giorgia D'Innocenzo, Adele Burnett, Tess Kay, Paul Dolan, Stefano Testoni, Christina Victor
AIMS: The role of arts and music in supporting subjective wellbeing (SWB) is increasingly recognised. Robust evidence is needed to support policy and practice. This article reports on the first of four reviews of Culture, Sport and Wellbeing (CSW) commissioned by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)-funded What Works Centre for Wellbeing ( https://whatworkswellbeing.org/ ). OBJECTIVE: To identify SWB outcomes for music and singing in adults. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in PsychInfo, Medline, ERIC, Arts and Humanities, Social Science and Science Citation Indexes, Scopus, PILOTS and CINAHL databases...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129137/citation-metrics-of-excellence-in-sports-biomechanics-research
#5
Duane Knudson
This study extended research on key citation metrics of winners of two career scholar awards in sports biomechanics. Google Scholar (GS) was searched using Harzing's Publish or Perish software for the 13 most recent winners of the ISBS Geoffrey Dyson Award and the ASB Jim Hay Memorial Award. Returned records were corrected for author, and publications excluded for all but peer-reviewed journal articles, proceedings articles, chapters and books in English. These recent award winners had published about 150 publications that had been cited typically 4,082 and 6,648 times over a 26- and 28-year period before receiving these career awards for sports biomechanics research...
November 13, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127930/indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews have the potential to contribute substantially to environmental health and risk assessment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a systematic review. METHODS: The systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines and was recorded in the PROSPERO registry (CRD42016036057). The search was performed using the SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, LILACS, MEDLINE via PubMed, and SPORTDiscus databases, from their inception through April 2017...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124780/refractive-error-and-vision-correction-in-a-general-sports-playing-population
#7
Fabrizio Zeri, Sabrina Pitzalis, Assunta Di Vizio, Tiziana Ruffinatto, Fabrizio Egizi, Francesco Di Russo, Richard Armstrong, Shehzad A Naroo
PURPOSE: To evaluate, in an amateur sports-playing population, the prevalence of refractive error, the type of vision correction used during sport and attitudes toward different kinds of vision correction used in various types of sports. METHOD: A questionnaire was used for people engaging in sport and data was collected from sport centres, gyms and universities that focused on the motor sciences. RESULTS: One thousand, five hundred and seventy-three questionnaires were collected (mean age 26...
November 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124507/pre-performance-physiological-state-heart-rate-variability-as-a-predictor-of-shooting-performance
#8
E Ortega, C J K Wang
Heart rate variability (HRV) is commonly used in sport science for monitoring the physiology of athletes but not as an indicator of physiological state from a psychological perspective. Since HRV is established to be an indicator of emotional responding, it could be an objective means of quantifying an athlete's subjective physiological state before competition. A total of 61 sport shooters participated in this study, of which 21 were novice shooters, 19 were intermediate shooters, and 21 were advanced level shooters...
November 10, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121090/differences-between-racing-and-non-racing-drivers-a-simulator-study-using-eye-tracking
#9
Peter M van Leeuwen, Stefan de Groot, Riender Happee, Joost C F de Winter
Motorsport has developed into a professional international competition. However, limited research is available on the perceptual and cognitive skills of racing drivers. By means of a racing simulator, we compared the driving performance of seven racing drivers with ten non-racing drivers. Participants were tasked to drive the fastest possible lap time. Additionally, both groups completed a choice reaction time task and a tracking task. Results from the simulator showed faster lap times, higher steering activity, and a more optimal racing line for the racing drivers than for the non-racing drivers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113571/dual-task-assessment-protocols-in-concussion-assessment-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Michelle Kleiner, Lynne Wong, Alexandra Dubé, Katie Wnuk, Susan W Hunter, Laura J Graham
Study Design Systematic review. Background When assessed in isolation, balance and neurocognitive testing may not be sufficiently responsive to capture changes that occur with concussion. Normal daily activities require simultaneous cognitive and physical demands. Therefore, a dual-task assessment paradigm should be considered to identify performance deficits. Objectives To evaluate the literature and identify dual-task testing protocols associated with changes in gait after concussion. Methods A systematic review of articles of individuals with concussion who underwent dual-task testing with a combination of motor and cognitive tasks...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107321/multiscale-coordination-between-athletes-complexity-matching-in-ergometer-rowing
#11
Ruud J R Den Hartigh, Vivien Marmelat, Ralf F A Cox
Complex systems applications in human movement sciences have increased our understanding of emergent coordination patterns between athletes. In the current study, we take a novel step and propose that movement coordination between athletes is a multiscale phenomenon. Specifically, we investigated so-called "complexity matching" of performance measured in the context of rowing. Sixteen rowers participated in two sessions on rowing ergometers: One individual session of 550 strokes and one dyadic session of 550 strokes side-by-side with a team member...
October 26, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#12
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101103/university-college-dublin-integrating-sports-and-exercise-related-sciences-with-physiotherapy-in-a-masters-of-sports-physiotherapy-continuing-professional-development-series
#13
Adam G Culvenor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095022/-physical-activity-as-prevention-and-treatment-resource-of-chronic-diseases-in-the-syllabus-of-medicine-and-sport-sciences-at-spanish-universities
#14
Sergio Calonge Pascual, José Antonio Casajús Mallén, Marcela González Gross
INTRODUCTION: Currently, there is scientific evidence about the benefits of physical exercise over human health. The aim of this study was to review the curricula of Medicine and Sport Sciences at Spanish universities, specifically regarding the contents related to physical exercise in the promotion, prevention and treatment of non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a systematic way, all syllabus, programs and contents of the different subjects were reviewed for all Spanish universities which offer the Bachelors of Medicine and Sport Sciences...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095020/-improvement-of-healthy-lifestyle-habits-in-university-students-through-a-gamification-approach
#15
Isaac José Pérez López, Enrique Rivera García, Manuel Delgado-Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Health education is one of the primary tools for health promotion, especially for those that will be responsible for educating on healthy habits in the future. OBJECTIVE: To improve healthy lifestyle habits in university students through an educational intervention based on gamification. METHOD: A cuasiexperimental design of two groups (i.e., experimental groups and control group) with pretest and postest measurements was carried out...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093646/normative-data-on-regional-sweat-sodium-concentrations-of-professional-male-team-sport-athletes
#16
Mayur K Ranchordas, Nicholas B Tiller, Girish Ramchandani, Raj Jutley, Andrew Blow, Jonny Tye, Ben Drury
Background: The purpose of this paper was to report normative data on regional sweat sweat-sodium concentrations of various professional male team-sport athletes, and to compare sweat-sodium concentrations among sports. Data to this effect would inform our understanding of athlete sodium requirements, thus allowing for the individualisation of sodium replacement strategies. Accordingly, data from 696 athletes (Soccer, n = 270; Rugby, n = 181; Baseball, n = 133; American Football, n = 60; Basketball, n = 52) were compiled for a retrospective analysis...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091467/the-future-of-classification-in-wheelchair-sports-can-data-science-and-technological-advancement-offer-an-alternative-point-of-view
#17
Rienk M A van der Slikke, Daan J J Bregman, Monique A M Berger, Annemarie M H de Witte, Dirk-Jan H E J Veeger
PURPOSE: Classification is a defining factor for competition in wheelchair sports, but it is a delicate and time-consuming process with often questionable validity.(1) New inertial sensor based measurement methods applied in match play and field tests, allow for more precise and objective estimates of the impairment effect on wheelchair mobility performance. It was evaluated if these measures could offer an alternative point of view for classification. METHODS: Six standard wheelchair mobility performance outcomes of different classification groups were measured in match play (n=29), as well as best possible performance in a field test (n=47)...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090398/photobiomodulation-therapy-for-the-improvement-of-muscular-performance-and-reduction-of-muscular-fatigue-associated-with-exercise-in-healthy-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Adriane Aver Vanin, Evert Verhagen, Saulo Delfino Barboza, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
Researches have been performed to investigate the effects of phototherapy on improving performance and reduction of muscular fatigue. However, a great variability in the light parameters and protocols of the trials are a concern to establish the efficacy of this therapy to be used in sports or clinic. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness, moment of application of phototherapy within an exercise protocol, and which are the parameters optimally effective for the improvement of muscular performance and the reduction of muscular fatigue in healthy people...
October 31, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075851/prehabilitation-in-gynecological-surgery-what-do-gynecologists-know-and-need-to-know
#19
Florian Ebner, Sebastian Viktor Waldemar Schulz, Amelie de Gregorio, Sophia Volz, Jürgen Michael Steinacker, Wolfgang Janni, Stephanie Otto
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The self-quantification of patients is extending beyond the daily routine. More and more patients ask about the 'optimal' physical condition for an elective surgery. As the hysterectomy is one of the most common surgeries, a literature review was conducted to answer the question for the optimal surgical self preparation (prehabilitation). METHODS: A literature review with the search terms 'physical activity' or 'physical exercise' or 'sport' or 'prehabilitation' and 'hysterectomy' was conducted in the National Library of Medicine database (PubMed) and Web of science...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066604/the-control-of-ventilation-during-exercise-a-lesson-in-critical-thinking
#20
Richard M Bruce
Learning the basic competencies of critical thinking are very important in the education of any young scientist, and teachers must be prepared to help students develop a valuable set of analytic tools. In my experience, this is best achieved by encouraging students to study areas with little scientific consensus, such as the control mechanisms of the exercise ventilatory response, as it can allow greater objectivity when evaluating evidence, while also giving students the freedom to think independently and problem solve...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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