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Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji
A previously healthy man, who had undergone coronary artery bypass 10 years earlier and had been diagnosed with brucellosis due to Brucella septicemia after Brucella arthritis, presented with chest pain and high fever. Anti- Brucella antibiotics were started, but after 4 weeks, his high fever remained. An infected mass was confirmed by computed tomography, and surgical intervention was performed via a median sternotomy. A large amount of thick pus gushed from an abscess in the upper mediastinum. The abscess cavity had a thick granulation wall, and cultured pus was positive for Brucella only...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Sara Read
John Cleland's 1740s pornographic novel, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure repeatedly depicts and eroticises the act of defloration. As such it is a revealing illustration of what Ivan Bloch termed the 'defloration mania' of the eighteenth century. This article maps narrative events on to contemporary medical depictions of first intercourse to show the ways that the theories and ideas presented in medical and pseudo-medical texts transferred into erotic fiction and demonstrates how in some instances the bloody defloration scenes can be read as being sex during menstruation, an act which was culturally forbidden at this time...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
E I Vogt, V M Kupfer, R F Vogel, L Niessen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether grape-associated fungi exert an influence on gushing by their production of surface-active compounds. METHODS AND RESULTS: In preliminary experiments, 58 grape-associated isolates of species within Penicillium and Aspergillus genera were tested for their ability to modify the surface activity of culture supernatants. As the genus Penicillium had a higher potential to change surface activity, further research focused on that genus...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Elisabetta Bravi, Ombretta Marconi, Valeria Sileoni, Giuseppe Perretti
Free fatty acids (FFA) content of beer affects the ability to form a stable head of foam and plays an important role in beer staling. Moreover, the presence of saturated FAs is related sometimes to gushing problems in beer. The aim of this research was to validate an analytical method for the determination of FFAs in beer. The extraction of FFAs in beer was achieved via Liquid-Liquid Cartridge Extraction (LLCE), the FFAs extract was purified by Solid Phase Extraction (SPE), methylated by boron trifluoride in methanol, and injected into GC-FID system...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Jane Bates
'Thank you, thank you,' I gushed at our lovely Polish bus driver as I alighted from the bus.
August 17, 2016: Nursing Standard
Kristianna Mey, Michael Bille, Per Cayé-Thomasen
OBJECTIVE: To explore specific clinical issues, surgical results, and complications of 80 cochlear implantations (CI) in 55 patients with Pendred syndrome (PS) or non-syndromic enlarged vestibular aqueduct (NSEVA). BACKGROUND: Previous studies have focused either on unselected case series or on populations with mixed cochlear malformations. PS/NSEVA accounts for up to 10% of congenital SNHL, rendering this a large group of cochlear implant candidates. The abnormal inner ear anatomy of these patients may be associated with a lower surgical success rate and a higher rate of complications...
October 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Kristen Upson, Quaker E Harmon, Shannon K Laughlin-Tommaso, David M Umbach, Donna D Baird
BACKGROUND: Phytoestrogen exposure from soy formula feeding during infancy may disrupt reproductive system development, resulting in altered menstrual bleeding in adulthood. METHODS: We investigated this relationship in a cohort of 1,696 young African American women using enrollment data from the Study of Environment, Lifestyle, & Fibroids (2010-2012). Questionnaire data on soy formula feeding were available for 1,553 participants, 89% based on mother's report. Menstrual bleeding outcomes including those indicative of heavy menstrual bleeding were ascertained by interview...
September 2016: Epidemiology
Jacqueline R Halladay, Kathleen Mottus, Kristin Reiter, C Madeline Mitchell, Katrina E Donahue, Wilson M Gabbard, Kimberly Gush
BACKGROUND: The National Committee for Quality Assurance patient-centered medical home recognition program provides practices an opportunity to implement medical home activities. Understanding the costs to apply for recognition may enable practices to plan their work. METHODS: Practice coaches identified 5 exemplar practices (3 pediatric and 2 family medicine practices) that received level 3 recognition. This analysis focuses on 4 that received recognition in 2011...
January 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Carl M Truesdale, Ryan B Peterson, Patricia A Hudgins, Esther X Vivas
The case of a 17-year-old patient with progressive unilateral sensorineural hearing loss and temporal bone malformations concerning for internal auditory canal meningocele with translabyrinthine/perilabyrinthine cerebrospinal fluid fistula is presented with associated computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. As the second reported case of an unruptured internal auditory canal meningocele with translabyrinthine/perilabyrinthine fistula, the case presents several clinically relevant points for otologists, neurotologists, and neuroradiologists...
August 2016: Laryngoscope
Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami, Mohammad Ali Heidari Gorji, Somayeh Rezaie, Zahra Pouresmail, Jamshid Yazdani Cherati
The purpose of this three-group double-blind clinical trial study was to investigate the effect of acupressure ( zhǐ yā) with valerian ( xié cǎo) oil 2.5% on the quality and quantity of sleep in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a coronary intensive care unit (CCU). This study was conducted on 90 patients with ACS in Mazandaran Heart Center (Sari, Iran) during 2013. The patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Patients in the acupressure with valerian oil 2.5% group (i.e., valerian acupressure group) received bilateral acupoint ( xué wèi) massage with two drops of valerian oil for 2 minutes for three nights; including every point this treatment lasted in total 18 minutes...
October 2015: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Elichilia R Shao, Pantaleo M Joseph, Piet Slootweg, Elifuraha W Mkwizu, Kajiru G Kilonzo, Amos O Mwasamwaja
Spontaneous oesophageal rupture after swallowing a bolus of food is a very rare condition. In resource-limited settings, it is very challenging to diagnose this condition especially when its presentation is atypical. Its prognosis is very poor when diagnosis is delayed due to risk of mediastinitis. We report a case of 37-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital complaining of sudden onset of chest tightness and pain after a meal 8 h prior to admission. Urgent chest radiograph revealed right hydropneumothorax with collapsed lung...
August 2015: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Mohammadreza Khalesi, Kurt Gebruers, Guy Derdelinckx
Fungal hydrophobin is a family of low molecular weight proteins consisting of four disulfide bridges and an extraordinary hydrophobic patch. The hydrophobic patch of hydrophobins and the molecules of gaseous CO2 may interact together and form the stable CO2-nanobubbles covered by an elastic membrane in carbonated beverages. The nanobubbles provide the required energy to provoke primary gushing. Due to the hydrophobicity of hydrophobin, this protein is used as a biosurfactant, foaming agent or encapsulating agent in food products and medicine formulations...
August 2015: Protein Journal
D C Le Maitre, M B Gush, S Dzikiti
There have been many studies of the diverse impacts of invasions by alien plants but few have assessed impacts on water resources. We reviewed the information on the impacts of invasions on surface runoff and groundwater resources at stand to catchment scales and covering a full annual cycle. Most of the research is South African so the emphasis is on South Africa's major invaders with data from commercial forest plantations where relevant. Catchment studies worldwide have shown that changes in vegetation structure and the physiology of the dominant plant species result in changes in surface runoff and groundwater discharge, whether they involve native or alien plant species...
2015: AoB Plants
Houman Alizadeh, Fatemeh Nasri, Mehrzad Mehdizadeh, Shahin Jamsa
Communication between subarachnoid and perlymphatic spaces can be due to a deficiency of lamina cribrosa (stapes gusher). Recognition of the condition may alter the course of treatment that can avoid perilymph gushing. A five-year-old boy presented with a history of congenital hearing loss and recurrent meningitis. The computed tomography (CT) of the temporal bone showed severe bilateral dysplasia in the inner ears in favor of gusher disease.
August 2014: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Gadi Zerach, Elkanor Tam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among young adults that were evicted from their residences in Gaza settlements ("Gush Katif") as adolescents and actively participated in the resistance events. Furthermore, we examined the moderating role of exposure to forced relocation on the association between attachment orientations and family functioning and PTSD symptoms. DESIGN: We conducted a correlative, cross-sectional study in 2013...
2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Belinda Kemp, Hervé Alexandre, Bertrand Robillard, Richard Marchal
This review analyzes bottle-fermented sparkling wine research at each stage of production by evaluating existing knowledge to identify areas that require future investigation. With the growing importance of enological investigation being focused on the needs of the wine production industry, this review examines current research at each stage of bottle-fermented sparkling wine production. Production phases analyzed in this review include pressing, juice adjustments, malolactic fermentation (MLF), stabilization, clarification, tirage, lees aging, disgorging, and dosage...
January 14, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Wei-Hsin Wang, Yi-Chieh Hung, Sanford P C Hsu, Chun-Fu Lin, Hsin-Hung Chen, Yang-Hsin Shih, Cheng-Chia Lee
BACKGROUND: Surgical evacuation of spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is controversial because the traditional surgical approach sometimes causes further brain injury. The introduction of the neuroendoscope has brought with it the new idea of minimal invasiveness, which may improve the surgical results of ICH. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with spontaneous supratentorial ICH underwent endoscopic hematoma evacuation between December 2010 and January 2012...
February 2015: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
S Sato, D G Wood-Gush, W G
The créche behaviour of 16 Charolais-sired Hereford x Friesian calves and 12 Hereford-sired Friesian x Hereford calves was studied in a hill pasture over a 4 month period from June to September when the calves were 3-6 months old. Before being put onto the hill pasture in early May the calves had been penned indoors, from birth with their dams, in two groups. The number of hours of observation in each month varied from 30-36. Scan sampling and focal animal sampling were carried out. From the observations it was concluded that a creche was a group of calves each of which was lying within 20 m of its nearest neighbour...
December 1987: Behavioural Processes
S G Kerr, D G Wood-Gush
Observations were carried out on a group of twenty autumn born Friesian heifer calves from birth until calving at about 25 months of age. During rearing they experienced several rearing conditions; (I) Calf house, where from 48 hrs of age they were individually penned. (II) Group housed Indoors. At weaning they were housed in pens in groups of 10-20 animals and fed hay or silage ad libitum plus some concentrate food. (III) Grazing out doors (HGI) from spring to autumn in groups of 15-30 animals and moved to fresh pastures at about 2 week intervals...
August 1987: Behavioural Processes
M J Gentle, D G Wood-Gush, J Gordon
Hens with bilateral ablations in the hyperstriatal complex were compared with birds with bilateral ablations in the posterior telencephalon and sham-operated controls with regard to their behaviour in their home pens, exploratory behavior and their responses to (1) a simulated aerial predator, (2) a startling stimulus and (3) an auditory stimulus. Ablations involving the ventral hyperstriatum made the birds less reactive to frightening stimuli while ablations in the posterior telencephalon resulted in the bird "freezing" in the experimental situations...
July 1978: Behavioural Processes
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