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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449302/prescribing-safety-assessment-2016-delivery-of-a-national-prescribing-assessment-to-7-343-uk-final-year-medical-students
#1
Simon R J Maxwell, Jamie J Coleman, Lynne Bollington, Celia Taylor, David J Webb
AIM(S): Newly graduated doctors write a large proportion of prescriptions in UK hospitals but recent studies have shown that they frequently make prescribing errors. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) has been developed as an assessment of competence in relation to prescribing and supervising the use of medicines. This report describes the delivery of the PSA to all UK final-year medical students in 2016 (PSA2016). METHODS: The PSA is a 2-hour online assessment comprising eight sections which cover various aspects of prescribing defined within the outcomes of undergraduate education identified by the UK General Medical Council...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449293/a-novel-approach-to-study-medical-decision-making-in-the-clinical-setting-the-own-point-of-view-perspective
#2
Thierry Pelaccia, Jacques Tardif, Emmanuel Triby, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: Making diagnostic and therapeutic decisions is a critical activity among physicians. It relies on the ability of physicians to use cognitive processes and specific knowledge in the context of a clinical reasoning. This ability is a core competency in physicians, especially in the field of emergency medicine where the rate of diagnostic errors is high. Studies that explore medical decision-making in an authentic setting are increasing significantly. They are based on the use of qualitative methods which are applied at two separate times: 1) a video recording of the subject's actual activity in an authentic setting and 2) an interview with the subject, supported by the video recording...
April 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445621/calm-to-chaos-engaging-undergraduate-nursing-students-with-the-complex-nature-of-interruptions-during-medication-administration
#3
Carolyn Hayes, Debra Jackson, Patricia M Davidson, John Daly, Tamara Power
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes undergraduate student nurse responses to a simulated role-play experience focussing on managing interruptions during medication administration. BACKGROUND: Improving patient safety requires that we find creative and innovative methods of teaching medication administration to undergraduate nurses in real-world conditions. Nurses are responsible for the majority of medication administrations in health care. Incidents and errors associated with medications are a significant patient safety issue and often occur as a result of interruptions...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445323/examination-of-the-relationship-between-management-and-clinician-perception-of-patient-safety-climate-and-patient-satisfaction
#4
Olena Mazurenko, Jason Richter, Abby Swanson Kazley, Eric Ford
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between managers and clinicians' agreement on deeming the patient safety climate as high or low and the patients' satisfaction with those organizations. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: We used two secondary data sets: the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (2012) and the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (2012). METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: We used ordinary least squares regressions to analyze the relationship between the extent of agreement between managers and clinicians' perceptions of safety climate in relationship to patient satisfaction...
April 25, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443597/a-different-slc2a1-gene-mutation-in-glut-1-deficiency-syndrome-c-734a-c
#5
Rüya Çolak, Senem Alkan Özdemir, Ezgi Yangın Ergon, Mehtap Kağnıcı, Şebnem Çalkavur
BACKGROUND: Neonatal seizures can be the first symptom of the inborn errors of metabolism. Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS) is the result of impaired glucose transport into the brain. GLUT1DS patient presents with infantile seizures with resistant to traditional seizure medications, developmental delay, acquired microcephaly, spasticity and ataxia. CASE REPORT: Here, we report a rare case of Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome caused by a different pathogenic variant in a 10-day-old neonate who presented with intractable seizures and respiratory arrest...
April 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439129/ismp-medication-error-report-analysis-betaine-anhydrous-versus-betaine-hydrochloride-look-alike-generic-names-don-t-give-zurampic-without-allopurinol-lantus-overdose-tied-to-confusing-vial-label-more-on-lipid-rescue
#6
Michael R Cohen, Judy L Smetzer
These medication errors have occurred in health care facilities at least once. They will happen again-perhaps where you work. Through education and alertness of personnel and procedural safeguards, they can be avoided. You should consider publishing accounts of errors in your newsletters and/or presenting them at your inservice training programs. Your assistance is required to continue this feature. The reports described here were received through the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) Medication Errors Reporting Program...
March 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438513/rapid-response-impulsivity-predicts-depression-and-ptsd-symptomatology-at-1-year-follow-up-in-blast-exposed-service-members
#7
James M Bjork, Thomas K Burroughs, Laura M Franke, Treven C Pickett, Sade E Johns, F Gerard Moeller, William C Walker
OBJECTIVE: To determine if elevated rapid-response impulsivity following blast exposure (as a putative marker of ventral prefrontal cortex (vPFC) damage) is predictive of future elevated affective symptomatology in blast-exposed service members. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with neurocognitive testing at initial assessment and one-year follow-up assessment of psychiatric symptomatology by telephone interview. SETTING: Veterans Administration medical centers and post-deployment assessment centers at military bases...
April 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438368/early-infantile-presentation-of-3-methylglutaconic-aciduria-type-1-with-a-novel-mutation-in-auh-gene-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Ali Reza Tavasoli, Reza Shervin Badv, Johannes Zschocke, Mahmood Reza Ashrafi, Parastoo Rostami
3-Methylglutaconic aciduria is a member of inborn errors of leucine metabolism pathway. 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type I (MGA1) causes neurological problems which are present during infancy or childhood but the diagnosis may be delayed until adulthood. Here we report a 3years old patient with developmental delay from a relative parent's that his medical evaluations include analyses of urinary organic acid and blood acylcarnitine showed high level of 3-methylglutacoic acid, 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid and increased level of 3-hydroxyisovalerylcarnitine respectively...
April 21, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436158/collaborating-on-medication-errors-in-nursing
#9
Marketa Marvanova, Paul J Henkel
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are faced with changing roles and expanding responsibilities for medication administration and monitoring in pursuit of improved patient safety. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and evaluate clinical simulation experiences that included, along with nursing faculty members, a pharmacist educator for the teaching of preventable medication errors in undergraduate nursing education. METHODS: Four clinical simulation scenarios using high-fidelity patient simulators were developed focusing on select medication problems in nursing practice...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435497/improved-accuracy-and-quality-of-information-during-emergency-department-care-transitions
#10
Nnaemeka Okafor, Justin Mazzillo, Sara Miller, Kimberly A Chambers, Samar Yusuf, Vanessa Garza-Miranda, Yashwant Chathampally
INTRODUCTION: Suboptimal communication during emergency department (ED) care transitions has been shown to contribute to medical errors, sometimes resulting in patient injury and litigation. The study objective was to determine whether a standardized checkout process would decrease the number of relevant missed clinical items (MCI). METHODS: In this prospective pre- and post-intervention study conducted in an urban academic ED, we collected data on omitted or inaccurately conveyed medical information before and after the initiation of a standardized checkout process...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431271/investigation-of-pathology-malpractice-claims-in-china-from-2002-2015
#11
Yuan Li, Dong Gao, Meng Tu, Ying-Zhen Luo, Zhen-Hua Deng
OBJECTIVE: To examine pathology-related medical claims in China and identify the most common errors to result in such claims. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed of 71 forensic evaluation reports carried out in two Chinese institutes of forensic medicine between 2002 and 2015 due to suspicion of medical malpractice. The judicial outcomes of each case were also reviewed when available. RESULTS: Of 71 cases, 54 cases had judicial outcomes...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425740/-healthier-than-thou-practicing-what-you-preach-backfires-by-increasing-anticipated-devaluation-correction-to-howe-and-monin-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Healthier Than Thou? "Practicing What You Preach" Backfires by Increasing Anticipated Devaluation" by Lauren C. Howe and Benoît Monin (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Feb 27, 2017, np). In the article, the beginning phrase of the second paragraph of the Internal Meta-Analysis of Studies 3 Through 5 section is incorrect. It should instead begin as follows: Across the three studies. The Monin et al. (2014) reference in both the References list and in text is included in error...
May 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420352/assessing-the-reliability-of-self-reported-weight-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-application-of-fraud-detection-methods-to-a-randomised-trial-of-telemonitoring
#13
Adam Steventon, Sarwat I Chaudhry, Zhenqiu Lin, Jennifer A Mattera, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Since clinical management of heart failure relies on weights that are self-reported by the patient, errors in reporting will negatively impact the ability of health care professionals to offer timely and effective preventive care. Errors might often result from rounding, or more generally from individual preferences for numbers ending in certain digits, such as 0 or 5. We apply fraud detection methods to assess preferences for numbers ending in these digits in order to inform medical decision making...
April 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#14
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417463/pharmacological-interventions-for-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Francesca Saffioti, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, Neil Hawkins, Clare D Toon, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Brian R Davidson, Douglas Thorburn
BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a chronic cholestatic liver disease that is associated with both hepatobiliary and colorectal malignancies, which can result in liver cirrhosis and its complications. The optimal pharmacological treatment for patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different pharmacological interventions in people with primary sclerosing cholangitis by performing a network meta-analysis, and to generate rankings of available pharmacological interventions according to their safety and efficacy...
March 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413313/additional-risk-minimisation-measures-for-medicinal-products-in-the-european-union-a-review-of-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-measures-in-the-united-kingdom-by-one-marketing-authorisation-holder
#16
Elaine Agyemang, Lorna Bailey, John Talbot
INTRODUCTION: Additional risk minimisation measures (aRMMs) for medicinal products are necessary to address specific important safety issues which may not be practically achieved through routine risk management measures alone. The implementation and determination of effectiveness for aRMMs can be a challenge as it involves multiple stakeholders. It is therefore important to have concise objectives to avoid undue burden on patients, healthcare professionals and the healthcare system. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine how aRMMs are implemented and how effectiveness is assessed in the European Union (EU) using practical examples from Roche Products Limited in the United Kingdom (UK) (referred to as the 'Company')...
2017: Pharmaceutical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412194/parents-find-medical-errors-and-safety-incidents-that-hospitals-miss
#17
Deborah L McBride
Identifying medical errors and adverse events (events that cause harm) is an essential part of hospital safety surveillance systems, but usually do not include input from families. This review discusses new research comparing rates of medical errors and adverse events collected by interviews with families or caregivers to standard methods of hospital safety surveillance. It concludes that, although clinicians are ultimately responsible for reporting errors and adverse events, families can help detect events that traditional surveillance methods miss and hospitals should consider incorporating family reports into routine safety surveillance systems and rigorously investigate concerns that are reported...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408359/personal-communication-device-use-by-nurses-providing-in-patient-care-survey-of-prevalence-patterns-and-distraction-potential
#18
Deborah L McBride, Sandra A LeVasseur
BACKGROUND: Coincident with the proliferation of employer-provided mobile communication devices, personal communication devices, including basic and enhanced mobile phones (smartphones) and tablet computers that are owned by the user, have become ubiquitous among registered nurses working in hospitals. While there are numerous benefits of personal communication device use by nurses at work, little is known about the impact of these devices on in-patient care. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine how hospital-registered nurses use their personal communication devices while doing both work-related and non‒work-related activities and to assess the impact of these devices on in-patient care...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408080/-importance-of-using-basic-statistics-adequately-in-clinical-research
#19
Célio Fernando de Sousa Rodrigues, Fernando José Camello de Lima, Fabiano Timbó Barbosa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The inadequate use of basic statistics is the main responsible for scientific article misinterpretation. The purpose of this review article was to review some basic statistical topics to alert authors and readers about the importance of basic statistics proper reporting. CONTENT: A bibliographical and cross-sectional study was carried out,which analyzed publications in books and articles in the following databases: SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and PubMed (Available from the National Center for Biotechnology Information)...
April 10, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407198/chlorpromazine-dose-for-people-with-schizophrenia
#20
REVIEW
Katharine Dudley, Xiaomeng Liu, Saskia De Haan
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) Model Lists of Essential Medicines lists chlorpromazine as one of its five medicines used in psychotic disorders. OBJECTIVES: To determine chlorpromazine dose response and dose side-effect relationships for schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like psychoses. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (December 2008; 2 October 2014; 19 December 2016)...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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