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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524930/nutrition-support-in-hospitalised-adults-at-nutritional-risk
#1
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Steven Kwasi Korang, Kirstine Halberg Engell, Marie Skøtt Nielsen, Kang Zhang, Maria Didriksen, Lisbeth Lund, Niklas Lindahl, Sara Hallum, Ning Liang, Wenjing Xiong, Xuemei Yang, Pernille Brunsgaard, Alexandre Garioud, Sanam Safi, Jane Lindschou, Jens Kondrup, Christian Gluud, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in Western European hospitals is estimated to be about 30%. There is no consensus whether poor nutritional status causes poorer clinical outcome or if it is merely associated with it. The intention with all forms of nutrition support is to increase uptake of essential nutrients and improve clinical outcome. Previous reviews have shown conflicting results with regard to the effects of nutrition support. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of nutrition support versus no intervention, treatment as usual, or placebo in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk...
May 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521249/using-a-videogame-to-facilitate-nursing-and-medical-students-first-visit-to-the-operating-theatre-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ángel Del Blanco, Javier Torrente, Baltasar Fernández-Manjón, Pedro Ruiz, Manuel Giner
BACKGROUND: First experiences in the operating theatre with real patients are always stressful and intimidating for students. We hypothesized that a game-like simulation could improve perceptions and performance of novices. METHODS: A videogame was developed, combining pictures and short videos, by which students are interactively instructed on acting at the surgical block. Moreover, the game includes detailed descriptive information. After playing, students are given feedback on their performance...
May 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520711/inhalational-chlorine-injuries-at-public-aquatic-venues-california-2008-2015
#3
Jason A Wilken, Michele DiMaggio, Matthew Kaufmann, Kevin O'Connor, Svetlana Smorodinsky, Christina Armatas, Tracy Barreau, Richard Kreutzer, Lino Ancheta
In June 2015, personnel from California's Contra Costa Health Services Environmental Health and Hazardous Materials (hazmat) divisions were alerted to a possible chemical release at a swimming pool in an outdoor municipal water park. Approximately 50 bathers were in the pool when symptoms began; 34 (68%) experienced vomiting, coughing, or eye irritation. Among these persons, 17 (50%) were treated at the scene by Contra Costa's Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and released, and 17 (50%) were transported to local emergency departments; five patients also were evaluated later at an emergency department or by a primary medical provider...
May 19, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515556/subacute-noninfective-inflammatory-encephalopathy-our-experience-and-diagnostic-problems
#4
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Lakshminarayanapuram Gopal Viswanathan, Dodmalur Malikarjuna Sindhu, Anupama Ramakanth Pai
INTRODUCTION: Immune dysregulation associated encephalopathies present with significant psychiatric manifestations and only a few soft neurological and general systemic features. They are generally resistant to treatment with psychiatric medications. Generalized orthostatic myoclonus and faciobrachial dystonic seizures are mistaken as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients seen during 2010-2015 and diagnosed as noninfective encephalopathy were analyzed...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515550/communication-impairments-in-children-with-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-a-preliminary-study
#5
Shivani Tiwari, Divya Kallianpur, Kelly Ann DeSilva
PURPOSE: Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEMs) are a group of complex genetic conditions, predominantly affecting the pediatric population. While the understanding and identification of various IEMs has significantly improved over recent times, not much is known about the communication disorders in this population. The present study focused on identification and profiling of communication impairments in children diagnosed with IEMs. METHODS: Data was obtained retrospectively from medical records of children visiting a tertiary care hospital over a period of ten years (2005 - 2014)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515512/a-just-culture-approach-to-managing-medication-errors
#6
Erin Rogers, Emily Griffin, William Carnie, Joseph Melucci, Robert J Weber
Medication errors continue to be a concern of health care providers and the public, in particular how to prevent harm from medication mistakes. Many health care workers are afraid to report errors for fear of retribution including the loss of professional licensure and even imprisonment. Most health care workers are silent, instead of admitting their mistake and discussing it openly with peers. This can result in further patient harm if the system causing the mistake is not identified and fixed; thus self-denial may have a negative impact on patient care outcomes...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515501/ismp-medication-error-report-analysis-potential-issues-with-new-basal-insulin-glp-1-fixed-combinations-hydroxyzine-hydroxyurea-mix-up-concomitant-use-of-entresto-and-ace-inhibitors-can-lead-to-serious-outcomes-more-outpatient-oral-cancer-drugs-should-be-in
#7
Michael R Cohen, Judy L Smetzer
These medication errors have occurred in health care facilities at least once. They will happen again-perhaps where you work. Through education and alertness of personnel and procedural safeguards, they can be avoided. You should consider publishing accounts of errors in your newsletters and/or presenting them at your inservice training programs. Your assistance is required to continue this feature. The reports described here were received through the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) Medication Errors Reporting Program...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511451/attitudes-of-mashhad-public-hospital-s-nurses-and-midwives-toward-the-causes-and-rates-of-medical-errors-reporting
#8
Sedigheh Sedigh Mobarakabadi, Hosein Ebrahimipour, Ali Vafaie Najar, Roksana Janghorban, Fatemeh Azarkish
INTRODUCTION: Patient's safety is one of the main objective in healthcare services; however medical errors are a prevalent potential occurrence for the patients in treatment systems. Medical errors lead to an increase in mortality rate of the patients and challenges such as prolonging of the inpatient period in the hospitals and increased cost. Controlling the medical errors is very important, because these errors besides being costly, threaten the patient's safety. AIM: To evaluate the attitudes of nurses and midwives toward the causes and rates of medical errors reporting...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509610/development-of-culture-sensitive-clinical-teacher-evaluation-sheet-in-the-japanese-context
#9
Makoto Kikukawa, Renee E Stalmeijer, Tomoya Okubo, Kikuko Taketomi, Sei Emura, Yasushi Miyata, Motofumi Yoshida, Lambert Schuwirth, Albert J J A Scherpbier
AIM: Many instruments for evaluating clinical teaching have been developed, albeit most in Western countries. This study aims to develop a validated cultural and local context sensitive instrument for clinical teachers in an East Asian setting (Japan), Japanese Clinical Teacher Evaluation Sheet (JaCTES). METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional evaluation study was conducted. We collected a total of 1368 questionnaires on 304 clinical teachers, completed by residents in 16 teaching hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508325/preliminary-results-of-a-novel-algorithmic-method-aiming-to-support-initial-causality-assessment-of-routine-pharmacovigilance-case-reports-for-medication-induced-liver-injury-the-pv-rucam
#10
Erik Scalfaro, Henk Johan Streefkerk, Michael Merz, Christoph Meier, David Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Data incompleteness in pharmacovigilance (PV) health records limits the use of current causality assessment methods for drug-induced liver injury (DILI). In addition to the inherent complexity of this adverse event, identifying cases of high causal probability is difficult. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the performance of an improved, algorithmic and standardised method called the Pharmacovigilance-Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method (PV-RUCAM), to support assessment of suspected DILI...
May 15, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506781/implementation-of-quality-management-for-clinical-bacteriology-in-low-resource-settings
#11
REVIEW
Barbara Barbé, Cedric P Yansouni, Dissou Affolabi, Jan Jacobs
BACKGROUND: The declining trend of malaria and the recent prioritization of containment of antimicrobial resistance have created a momentum to implement clinical bacteriology in low-resource settings (LRS). Successful implementation relies on guidance by a quality management system (QMS). Over the past decade, international initiatives were launched towards implementation of QMS in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. AIMS: To describe the progress towards accreditation of medical laboratories and to identify the challenges and "Best practices" for implementation of QMS in clinical bacteriology in LRS...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495342/a-method-for-cohort-selection-of-cardiovascular-disease-records-from-an-electronic-health-record-system
#12
Maria Tereza Fernandes Abrahão, Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, Marco Antonio Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: An electronic healthcare record (EHR) system, when used by healthcare providers, improves the quality of care for patients and helps to lower costs. Information collected from manual or electronic health records can also be used for purposes not directly related to patient care delivery, in which case it is termed secondary use. EHR systems facilitate the collection of this secondary use data, which can be used for research purposes like observational studies, taking advantage of improvement in the structuring and retrieval of patient information...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493618/pondering-practice-enhancing-the-art-of-reflection
#13
Carolyn Hayes, Debra Jackson, Patricia M Davidson, John Daly, Tamara Power
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the effect that immersive simulation experiences and guided reflection can have on the undergraduate nurses' understanding of how stressful environments impact their emotions, performance and ability to implement safe administration of medications. BACKGROUND: Patient safety can be jeopardised if nurses are unsure of how to appropriately manage and respond to interruptions. Medication administration errors are a major patient safety issue and often occur as a consequence of ineffective interruption management...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490904/clinical-epidemiology-in-the-era-of-big-data-new-opportunities-familiar-challenges
#14
Vera Ehrenstein, Henrik Nielsen, Alma B Pedersen, Søren P Johnsen, Lars Pedersen
Routinely recorded health data have evolved from mere by-products of health care delivery or billing into a powerful research tool for studying and improving patient care through clinical epidemiologic research. Big data in the context of epidemiologic research means large interlinkable data sets within a single country or networks of multinational databases. Several Nordic, European, and other multinational collaborations are now well established. Advantages of big data for clinical epidemiology include improved precision of estimates, which is especially important for reassuring ("null") findings; ability to conduct meaningful analyses in subgroup of patients; and rapid detection of safety signals...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490844/attitudes-of-dental-professional-staff-and-auxiliaries-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-toward-disclosure-of-medical-errors
#15
Nora S Al-Nomay, Abdulghani Ashi, Aljohara Al-Hargan, Abdulaziz Alshalhoub, Emad Masuadi
AIM: To collect empirical data on the attitudes of dental professionals and dental auxiliaries in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, regarding the disclosure of medical errors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, involving the administration of a questionnaire to a sample of 586 participants recruited from over 10 government and private dental institutions in Riyadh between August 2015 and January 2016. The questionnaire collected information regarding participant opinions on (a) personal beliefs, norms, and practices regarding medical errors, (b) the nature of errors that should be disclosed, and (c) who should disclose errors...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483293/population-pharmacokinetics-of-valproic-acid-in-patients-with-mania-implication-for-individualized-dosing-regimens
#16
Janthima Methaneethorn
PURPOSE: This study characterized the population pharmacokinetic properties of valproic acid in patients with mania and determined potential factors that affect the pharmacokinetic properties of valproic acid in this population. METHODS: Routine therapeutic drug monitoring of valproic acid concentrations, demographic data, and concomitant medications from 206 hospitalized patients with mania were retrospectively collected from Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry and Srithanya Hospital, Thailand...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483034/accuracy-of-national-key-performance-indicator-reporting-from-two-aboriginal-medical-services-potential-to-underestimate-the-performance-of-primary-health-care
#17
(no author information available yet)
Objective The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of extracting national key performance indicator (nKPI) data for the Online Community Health Reporting Environment for Health Services (OCHREStreams) program using the Pen Computer Systems (Leichhardt, NSW, Australia) Clinical Audit Tool (CAT) from Communicare (Telstra Health Communicare Systems, Perth, WA, Australia), a commonly used patient information management system (PIMS) in Aboriginal primary care.Methods Two Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) were recruited to the present study...
May 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481748/lessons-from-crew-resource-management-for-cardiac-surgeons
#18
Patrick Marvil, Curt Tribble
Crew resource management (CRM) describes a system developed in the late 1970s in response to a series of deadly commercial aviation crashes. This system has been universally adopted in commercial and military aviation and is now an integral part of aviation culture. CRM is an error mitigation strategy developed to reduce human error in situations in which teams operate in complex, high-stakes environments. Over time, the principles of this system have been applied and utilized in other environments, particularly in medical areas dealing with high-stakes outcomes requiring optimal teamwork and communication...
April 30, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471782/job-resources-physician-work-engagement-and-patient-care-experience-in-an-academic-medical-setting
#19
Renée A Scheepers, Lenny S S Lases, Onyebuchi A Arah, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: Physician work engagement is associated with better work performance and fewer medical errors; however, whether work-engaged physicians perform better from the patient perspective is unknown. Although availability of job resources (autonomy, colleague support, participation in decision making, opportunities for learning) bolster work engagement, this relationship is understudied among physicians. This study investigated associations of physician work engagement with patient care experience and job resources in an academic setting...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469895/elimination-of-emergency-department-medication-errors-due-to-estimated-weights
#20
Mary Greenwalt, David Griffen, Jim Wilkerson
From 7/2014 through 6/2015, 10 emergency department (ED) medication dosing errors were reported through the electronic incident reporting system of an urban academic medical center. Analysis of these medication errors identified inaccurate estimated weight on patients as the root cause. The goal of this project was to reduce weight-based dosing medication errors due to inaccurate estimated weights on patients presenting to the ED. Chart review revealed that 13.8% of estimated weights documented on admitted ED patients varied more than 10% from subsequent actual admission weights recorded...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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