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adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781912/letter-to-the-editor-incidence-of-neuraxial-abnormalities-is-approximately-8-among-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-meta-analysis
#1
Hai-Qiang Wang, Jun Zhang, Xin He, Fu-Jun Luan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776776/reliability-of-the-lateral-abdominal-muscle-thickness-measurements-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#2
Pawel Linek, Anna Klepek, Tomasz Wolny, Grzegorz Mikołajowski
BACKGROUND: To date, the reliability of ultrasound imaging (US) measures of the abdominal muscle thickness in idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients during early stages of adolescence has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the intra-rater reliability of US measures of the thickness of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), and transversus abdominis (TrA) on convex and concave body sides in adolescents with IS. DESIGN: One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and reliability study...
May 3, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774412/hybrid-constructs-pedicle-screw-with-apical-sublaminar-bands-versus-pedicle-screws-only-for-surgical-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Matteo Palmisani, Eugenio Dema, Stefano Cervellati, Rosa Palmisani
PURPOSE: To compare the 2-year minimum postoperative results of posterior correction and spinal arthrodesis using translational correction with hybrid (sublaminar bands on concave side and pedicle screw) constructs versus correction with intermediate density pedicle screw-only constructs in the treatment of AIS (Lenke 1). METHODS: A total of 37 patients with AIS at single institutions who underwent posterior spinal arthrodesis pedicle screw with sublaminar bands at the apex (19 patients) (Group A) or pedicle screw-only (18) constructs (Group B) were selected and matched according to similar age at surgery 13...
May 17, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765179/is-early-treatment-for-mild-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-superior-over-the-traditional-watch-wait-approach-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up
#4
Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] To present a case of the complete correction of mild suspected adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in support of the argument that early aggressive treatment is superior to the traditional 'watch & wait' approach. [Subject and Methods] A 9-year-old female presented with a 14° thoracic curve indicative of early adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The parents consented to immediate and early treatment with the SpineCor dynamic and corrective scoliosis brace. The brace was worn 20 hours per day and check-ups were performed every three months...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763982/bone-graft-in-posterior-spine-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Nathan Kirzner, Luke Hilliard, Catherine Martin, Gerald Quan, Susan Liew, Ali Humadi
BACKGROUNDS: The aim of this study was to systematically analyse and perform a meta-analysis on the current available literature comparing the fusion rates and complications associated with use of autograft, allograft and bone substitutes to supplement posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: The electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, Medline, Cinahl and Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant studies. A total of 12 studies with 2389 patients were included for meta-analysis...
May 15, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763270/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#6
Iris Mabry-Hernandez, Candace Tannis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763269/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-recommendation-statement
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762293/long-term-outcome-for-scoliosis-is-dependent-on-several-factors-commentary-on-an-article-by-elias-diarbakerli-pt-msc-et-al-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adulthood-in-untreated-and-treated-individuals-with-adolescent-or-juvenile-idiopathic-scoliosis
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762275/health-related-quality-of-life-in-adulthood-in-untreated-and-treated-individuals-with-adolescent-or-juvenile-idiopathic-scoliosis
#9
Elias Diarbakerli, Anna Grauers, Aina Danielsson, Paul Gerdhem
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life in adults with idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed before maturity has been reported to be similar between brace-treated and surgically treated individuals. The aim of this study was to compare health-related quality of life in untreated, brace-treated, and surgically treated adults with idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed before skeletal maturity. Subgroup analyses were performed on the basis of age at the time of the study, age of onset, surgical characteristics, and curve magnitude...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750755/predicting-factors-at-skeletal-maturity-for-curve-progression-and-low-back-pain-in-adult-patients-treated-non-operatively-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-with-thoracolumbar-lumbar-curves-a-mean-25-year-follow-up
#10
Masayuki Ohashi, Kei Watanabe, Toru Hirano, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Keiichi Katsumi, Hirokazu Shoji, Mizouchi Tatsuki, Naoto Endo
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, long-term follow-up study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the predicting factors at skeletal maturity for future curve progression and low back pain (LBP) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TL/L curves are likely to progress after skeletal maturity and cause LBP. METHODS: Of 147 patients treated non-operatively for AIS with TL/L curve, 56 (55 females; average age at the time of survey, 39...
May 10, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748903/sagittal-classification-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-original-description-and-therapeutic-implications
#11
K Abelin-Genevois, D Sassi, S Verdun, P Roussouly
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of AIS aims to correct the coronal and sagittal alignment of the spine. The global alignment of the spine may be normalized through reciprocal changes between the fused spine and adjacent segments. We propose a new classification system describing the specific sagittal patterns induced by AIS to define reproducible guidelines for the surgical strategy. METHODS: We analyzed 100 consecutive AIS patients aged between 12 and 18 years candidate for spinal fusion...
May 10, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746962/posterior-spinal-surgery-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-does-not-induce-compensatory-increases-in-distal-adjacent-segment-motion-a-prospective-gait-analysis-study
#12
R M Holewijn, I Kingma, M de Kleuver, N L W Keijsers
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients perform surprisingly well after spinal correction and fusion. It was previously hypothesized that, during gait, certain mechanisms compensate for the loss in spinal motion. Still, previous studies could not identify such compensatory mechanisms in the lower body. PURPOSE: This study aims to test the hypothesis of a compensatory increased motion of the distal unfused part of the spine during gait after posterior spinal correction and fusion...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746961/test-retest-reliability-of-posture-measurements-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#13
Pierre-Henri Heitz, Jean-François Aubin-Fournier, Éric Parent, Carole Fortin
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Posture changes are a major consequence of IS (IS). Posture changes can lead to psychosocial and physical impairments in adolescents with IS. Therefore, it is important to assess posture but the test-retest reliability of posture measurements still remains unknown in this population. PURPOSE: The primary objective was to determine the test-retest reliability of 25 head and trunk posture indices using the Clinical Photographic Postural Assessment Tool (CPPAT) in adolescents with IS...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743058/abnormal-pitx1-gene-methylation-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-pilot-study
#14
Benlong Shi, Liang Xu, Saihu Mao, Leilei Xu, Zhen Liu, Xu Sun, Zezhang Zhu, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND: The gene of pituitary homeobox 1 (PITX1) has been reported to be down-regulated in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), of which the cause has not been well addressed. The abnormal DNA methylation was recently assumed to be an important mechanism for the down-regulated genes expression. However, the association between PITX1 promoter methylation and the etiology of AIS was not clear. METHODS: The peripheral blood samples of 50 AIS patients and 50 healthy controls were collected and the genomic DNA was extracted...
May 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735133/optimal-lowest-instrumented-vertebra-for-thoracic-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#15
Charla R Fischer, Lawrence G Lenke, Keith H Bridwell, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Munish Gupta, Yongjung J Kim
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort chart review. OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) following posterior segmental spinal instrumented fusion (PSSIF) of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with LIV at L2 or above. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Few studies evaluate the optimal LIV based on rotation or center sacral vertical line (CSVL). METHODS: A radiographic assessment of 544 thoracic major AIS patients (average age 14...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735132/the-lumbar-gap-measurement-in-lenke-1-4c-curves
#16
Hong Zhang, B Stephens Richards, Daniel J Sucato, Chan-Hee Jo, Dong Tran, Linfeng Wang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the lumbar gap (LG) measurement, which is the distance between the center sacral vertical line and the concave edge of the apical vertebra of the lumbar curve, would be a useful tool to predict the need for lumbar curve fusion in the Lenke 1-4C curves. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The current treatment guidelines of selective thoracic fusion in the Lenke 1-4C curves are not routinely accepted...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735131/anterior-spinal-fusion-and-posterior-spinal-fusion-both-effectively-treat-lenke-type-5-curves-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-multicenter-study
#17
Courtney O'Donnell, Nicole Michael, X Pan, John Emans, Sumeet Garg, Mark Erickson
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: Retrospective comparison of radiographic and clinical outcomes between anterior spinal fusion (ASF) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF) in surgical treatment of Lenke 5 curves. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASF and PSF are used for treatment of Lenke 5 curves in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Currently, no consensus exists for optimal surgical treatment of Lenke 5 curves...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735130/predictors-of-increased-hospital-stay-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-analysis-of-national-database
#18
Hiroyuki Yoshihara, Carl Paulino, Daisuke Yoneoka
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of population-based national hospital discharge data collected for the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). OBJECTIVE: To examine the predictors of increased hospital stay in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: As policy makers and hospitals are increasingly looking to cut costs, length of stay (LOS) after surgery has come into focus as an area for improvement...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735128/the-relationship-between-apical-vertebral-rotation-and-truncal-rotation-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-3d-reconstructions
#19
Pawel P Jankowski, Burt Yaszay, Krishna R Cidambi, Carrie E Bartley, Tracey P Bastrom, Peter O Newton
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective data. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between absolute apical vertebral rotation (AVR) evaluated with upright 3D imaging and angle of trunk rotation (ATR) before and after surgery for thoracic and lumbar curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: New imaging technology allows for improved radiographic assessment of the degree of AVR pre- and postoperatively through 3D spine models created from biplanar, simultaneous spine radiographs...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735126/results-of-bracing-for-juvenile-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Nanjundappa S Harshavardhana, John E Lonstein
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative therapeutic clinical study evaluating the results of bracing for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis (JIS). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if bracing has a role in treatment of JIS and, if so, to report its success rate and factors associated with successful bracing. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with JIS have higher mortality and morbidity in comparison to those with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) or general population...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
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