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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871617/management-of-cannabis-induced-periodontitis-via-resective-surgical-therapy-a-clinical-report
#1
Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Philip Kang
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: There is a lack of clinical research on the potential effect of cannabis use on the periodontium as well as its effect on treatment outcomes. The aim of this case report is to illustrate the clinical presentation of periodontal disease in a young woman who was a chronic cannabis user, as well as successful treatment involving motivating the patient to quit cannabis use and undergo nonsurgical and surgical therapy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 23-year-old woman sought care at the dental clinic for periodontal treatment...
November 18, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853391/failed-back-surgery-syndrome-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Zafeer Baber, Michael A Erdek
The treatment of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) can be equally challenging to surgeons, pain specialists, and primary care providers alike. The onset of FBSS occurs when surgery fails to treat the patient's lumbar spinal pain. Minimizing the likelihood of FBSS is dependent on determining a clear etiology of the patient's pain, recognizing those who are at high risk, and exhausting conservative measures before deciding to go into a revision surgery. The workup of FBSS includes a thorough history and physical examination, diagnostic imaging, and procedures...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704632/current-and-emerging-therapies-in-premature-ejaculation-where-we-are-coming-from-where-we-are-going
#3
Christopher Martin, Hunter Nolen, Jason Podolnick, Run Wang
Premature ejaculation is the most common form of sexual dysfunction among men. The pathophysiology of premature ejaculation appears to be multifactorial, implicating the need for multimodal therapeutic regimens to successfully treat premature ejaculation. Multiple treatment regimens have been shown to be effective in extending the time between penetration and ejaculation. These treatment modalities include everything from behavioral modifications and medications to diet alterations and major surgery. The goal of the present article was to review the commonly used treatment regimens used in the treatment of premature ejaculation, as well as to introduce and discuss the newest treatment routines under study for the treatment of premature ejaculation...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700187/an-update-on-naltrexone-bupropion-extended-release-in-the-treatment-of-obesity
#4
Katherine H Saunders, Leon I Igel, Louis J Aronne
As the prevalence of obesity continues to increase, the need for effective long-term treatment strategies for the overweight and the obese is critical. Pharmacology fills a large treatment gap between behavioral therapy, which is insufficient for the majority of patients, and devices and surgery, which are available to only a subset of patients. Naltrexone HCl and bupropion HCl Extended-Release (naltrexone XR/bupropion XR) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for chronic weight management in 2014...
October 4, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679429/psychological-impact-of-severe-obesity
#5
Jennifer Collins, Chelsea Meng, Anna Eng
The causes of severe obesity are multifactorial and include metabolic, dietary, physical, and psychological aspects. Additionally, the impact of severe obesity affects more than one's physical health. This article attempts to explore the psychological impact of severe obesity specifically in the areas of mood, eating disorders, sleep disturbance, chronic pain, and quality of life. Additionally, obesity treatment options of lifestyle modification and bariatric surgery that include psychological assessment and/or cognitive behavioral intervention are discussed...
September 27, 2016: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620342/what-is-the-best-treatment-before-bariatric-surgery-exercise-exercise-and-group-therapy-or-conventional-waiting-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Emilian Rejane Marcon, S Baglioni, L Bittencourt, C L N Lopes, C R Neumann, M R M Trindade
OBJECTIVE: This trial's objective was to investigate the effect of an exercise program with and without cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), compared by a control group, on weight, functional capacity, and cardiometabolic profile of morbidly obese individuals while waiting for bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of a 4-month low-intensity exercise program (two weekly sessions of 25 min each) on 66 morbidly obese individuals awaiting bariatric surgery...
September 13, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616677/binge-eating-disorder-and-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-in-a-prospective-observational-study-two-year-results
#7
Ariana M Chao, Thomas A Wadden, Lucy F Faulconbridge, David B Sarwer, Victoria L Webb, Jena A Shaw, J Graham Thomas, Christina M Hopkins, Zayna M Bakizada, Naji Alamuddin, Noel N Williams
OBJECTIVE: A previous study reported that preoperative binge-eating disorder (BED) did not attenuate weight loss at 12 months after bariatric surgery. This report extends the authors' prior study by examining weight loss at 24 months. METHODS: A modified intention-to-treat population was used to compare 24-month changes in weight among 59 participants treated with bariatric surgery, determined preoperatively to be free of a current eating disorder, with changes in 33 surgically treated participants with BED...
November 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612959/design-of-magnesium-alloys-with-controllable-degradation-for-biomedical-implants-from-bulk-to-surface
#8
Xia Li, Xiangmei Liu, Shuilin Wu, K W K Yeung, Yufeng Zheng, Paul K Chu
: The combination of high strength, light weight, and natural biodegradability renders magnesium (Mg)-based alloys promising in orthopedic implants and cardiovascular stents. Being metallic materials, Mg and Mg alloys made for scaffolds provide the necessary mechanical support for tissue healing and cell growth in the early stage, while natural degradation and reabsorption by surrounding tissues in the later stage make an unnecessarily follow-up removal surgery. However, uncontrolled degradation may collapse the scaffolds resulting in premature implant failure, and there has been much research in controlling the degradation rates of Mg alloys...
November 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583422/update-on-office-based-strategies-for-the-management-of-obesity
#9
Michael Erlandson, Laurie C Ivey, Katie Seikel
Obesity is a common condition that is associated with numerous medical problems such as cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus. Primary care physicians have an important role in helping patients develop a successful weight loss plan to improve their overall health. Dietary strategies emphasizing reduced caloric intake, regardless of the nutrient composition, are important for weight loss. Behavioral interventions such as motivational interviewing and encouraging physical activity lead to additional weight loss when combined with dietary changes...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570334/percutaneous-double-lumen-cannula-for-right-ventricle-assist-device-system-a-computational-fluid-dynamics-study
#10
Francesca Condemi, Dongfang Wang, Gionata Fragomeni, Fuqian Yang, Guangfeng Zhao, Cameron Jones, Cherry Ballard-Croft, Joseph B Zwischenberger
OBJECTIVES: Our goal is to develop a double lumen cannula (DLC) for a percutaneous right ventricular assist device (pRVAD) in order to eliminate two open chest surgeries for RVAD installation and removal. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance, flow pattern, blood hemolysis, and thrombosis potential of the pRVAD DLC. METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD), using the finite volume method, was performed on the pRVAD DLC. For Reynolds numbers <4000, the laminar model was used to describe the blood flow behavior, while shear-stress transport k-ω model was used for Reynolds numbers >4000...
2016: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527888/modification-of-claims-based-measures-improves-identification-of-comorbidities-in-non-elderly-women-undergoing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Katelin B Nickel, Anna E Wallace, David K Warren, Kelly E Ball, Daniel Mines, Victoria J Fraser, Margaret A Olsen
BACKGROUND: Accurate identification of underlying health conditions is important to fully adjust for confounders in studies using insurer claims data. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of four modifications to a standard claims-based measure to estimate the prevalence of select comorbid conditions compared with national prevalence estimates. METHODS: In a cohort of 11,973 privately insured women aged 18-64 years with mastectomy from 1/04-12/11 in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database, we identified diabetes, hypertension, deficiency anemia, smoking, and obesity from inpatient and outpatient claims for the year prior to surgery using four different algorithms...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478963/diagnostic-and-treatment-strategy-for-small-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors
#12
Toshirou Nishida, Osamu Goto, Chandrajit Premanand Raut, Naohisa Yahagi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are considered to be potentially malignant mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinically relevant GISTs are rare; however, subclinical GISTs (mini-GISTs) (1-2 cm) and pathologic GISTs (micro-GISTs) (<1 cm) are frequently reported. Most mini-GISTs and almost all micro-GISTs of the stomach may exhibit benign clinical behavior, and only mini-GISTs with high-risk features may progress. For this review, a provisional algorithm was used to propose diagnostic and treatment strategies for patients with small GISTs...
October 15, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458950/partnering-behavioral-modification-with-bariatric-surgery
#13
Christina A Minami, Jonah J Stulberg, Eric S Hungness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366025/endoscopy-after-bariatric-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Chrysoula P Malli, Athanasios D Sioulas, Theodoros Emmanouil, George D Dimitriadis, Konstantinos Triantafyllou
Obesity is a global epidemic with significant morbidity and mortality. Weight loss results in reduction of health risks and improvement in quality of life, thus representing a goal of paramount importance. Bariatric surgery is the most efficacious choice compared to conservative alternatives including diet, exercise, drugs and behavioral modification to treat obese patients. Following bariatric operations, patients may present with upper gastrointestinal tract complaints that warrant endoscopic evaluation and the various bariatric surgery types are often linked to complications...
July 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348147/tribocorrosion-studies-of-metallic-biomaterials-the-effect-of-plasma-nitriding-and-dlc-surface-modifications
#15
Guo-Hua Zhao, Ragnhild E Aune, Nuria Espallargas
The medical grade pure titanium, stainless steel and CoCrMo alloy have been utilized as biomaterials for load-bearing orthopedic prosthesis. The conventional surgery metals suffer from a combined effect of wear and corrosion once they are implanted, which may significantly accelerate the material degradation process. In this work, the tribocorrosion performance of the metallic biomaterials with different surface modifications was studied in the simulated body fluid for the purpose of investigating the effect of the surface treatments on the tribocorrosion performance and eventually finding the most suitable implantation materials...
October 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269412/surgical-treatment-of-class-ii-dento-facial-deformity-during-adolescence-long-term-follow-up
#16
Sara Marangoni, Elke Van de Casteele, Anna Chiara Frigo, Stefano Fusetti, Nasser Nadjmi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term stability of patients operated during adolescence on the base of clinical measurements and cephalometric analysis. Although, the potential benefits of early orthognathic surgery are known to be a reduction in treatment times and a greater healing potential leading to a better adaptation and stability of the occlusion, muscles, bones and joints, no consensus can be found in literature on the minimum age for surgical correction...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260322/curcumin-slows-osteoarthritis-progression-and-relieves-osteoarthritis-associated-pain-symptoms-in-a-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-mouse-model
#17
Zhuo Zhang, Daniel J Leong, Lin Xu, Zhiyong He, Angela Wang, Mahantesh Navati, Sun J Kim, David M Hirsh, John A Hardin, Neil J Cobelli, Joel M Friedman, Hui B Sun
BACKGROUND: Curcumin has been shown to have chondroprotective potential in vitro. However, its effect on disease and symptom modification in osteoarthritis (OA) is largely unknown. This study aimed to determine whether curcumin could slow progression of OA and relieve OA-related pain in a mouse model of destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). METHODS: Expression of selected cartilage degradative-associated genes was evaluated in human primary chondrocytes treated with curcumin and curcumin nanoparticles and assayed by real-time PCR...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245858/recent-advances-in-the-modification-of-taste-and-food-preferences-following-bariatric-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Stefany D Primeaux, Taniya de Silva, Tony H Tzeng, Monica C Chiang, Daniel S Hsia
There is a large body of evidence indicating that bariatric surgery provides durable weight loss and health benefits to patients who are obese and have comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, there are still many questions related to mechanisms of metabolic improvement, predictors of success/failure, and long term consequences, which need to be answered. More recently, there has been a particular interest in the modulation of taste and food preferences that occurs after bariatric surgery and how this affects weight loss in different individuals...
June 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113949/modifying-risk-factors-for-total-joint-arthroplasty-strategies-that-work-nicotine
#19
Bryan D Springer
Smoking and nicotine use remain a major health care crisis in the United States. Although rates have dropped dramatically over the last 50 years, approximately 18% of the US adult population still smokes. The musculoskeletal effects of nicotine and other byproducts of smoking place patients at increased risk for perioperative complications including medical complication, wound healing problems, infection, and death. A comprehensive behavioral modification program with or without the use of nicotine replacement therapy has been shown to be most effective at smoking cessation around the time of planned surgery...
August 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013897/long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-for-obesity-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#20
REVIEW
Luca Montesi, Marwan El Ghoch, Lucia Brodosi, Simona Calugi, Giulio Marchesini, Riccardo Dalle Grave
The long-term weight management of obesity remains a very difficult task, associated with a high risk of failure and weight regain. However, many people report that they have successfully managed weight loss maintenance in the long term. Several factors have been associated with better weight loss maintenance in long-term observational and randomized studies. A few pertain to the behavioral area (eg, high levels of physical activity, eating a low-calorie, low-fat diet; frequent self-monitoring of weight), a few to the cognitive component (eg, reduced disinhibition, satisfaction with results achieved, confidence in being able to lose weight without professional help), and a few to personality traits (eg, low novelty seeking) and patient-therapist interaction...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
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