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surgery behavior modification

Yalan Bi, Yang Qu, Zhiyong Liang, Zichen Liu, Hui Zhang, Xiaolong Liang, Yufeng Luo, Jinling Cao, Haiqing Zhang, Ruie Feng
OBJECTIVE: The definition of large cell lung carcinoma (LCC) has undergone an extensive modification in the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification (2015). Present study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed as LCC according to current WHO criteria. METHODS: LCCs diagnosed based on the previous WHO classification were reevaluated, and 17 cases of LCC were finally identified at Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Beijing Chest Hospital between 2009 and 2015...
February 14, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
A G Tsai, T Histon, T K Kyle, N Rubenstein, W T Donahoo
Background: Experience suggests that some physicians view obesity as a purely lifestyle condition rather than a chronic metabolic disease. Physicians may not be aware of the role of biological factors in causing weight regain after an initial weight loss. Methods: A questionnaire was administered at continuing medical education conferences, both primary care and obesity-specific. The questionnaire included items about biological and behavioral factors that predispose to weight regain and general items about treatment of obesity...
February 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Daniel Seung Kim, Yatong K Li, Jerry H Kim, Curtis S Bergquist, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Nancy Burnham, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Elaine H Zackai, Susan C Nicolson, Thomas L Spray, Deborah A Nickerson, Hakon Hakonarson, Gail P Jarvik, J William Gaynor
OBJECTIVES: The MBL2 gene is the major genetic determinant of mannose-binding lectin (MBL)-an acute phase reactant. Low MBL levels have been associated with adverse outcomes in preterm infants. The MBL2Gly54Asp missense variant causes autosomal dominant MBL deficiency. We tested the hypothesis that MBL2Gly54Asp is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes after cardiac surgery in neonates. METHODS: This is an analysis of a previously described cohort of patients with nonsyndromic congenital heart disease who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass before age 6 months (n = 295)...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ilenia Coluzzi, Angelo Iossa, Elena Spinetti, Gianfranco Silecchia
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) represents, at present, the most performed bariatric procedure worldwide with excellent long-term results on weight loss and comorbidities control. After the gastrectomy procedure, together with hormonal modification, several changes in taste and habits occur, including the potential modification in alcohol consumption. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the frequency and the amount of alcohol use before and after SG using a modified version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) at 1-year follow-up and eventually to evaluate relationships between different ages and sexes...
February 6, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Robert I Berkowitz, Ignacio E Tapia
Obesity is a significant risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and has also been linked to reductions in sleep quality and quantity. Weight loss has been shown to be an effective treatment for improving OSAS; however, there is a high degree of variability in improvements of OSAS in response to weight loss. There are three modalities of obesity therapies: 1) lifestyle modification, which includes changes in dietary intake and physical activity, along with behavioral interventions; 2) pharmacologic agents; and 3) bariatric surgery...
January 31, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Orna Reges, Philip Greenland, Dror Dicker, Morton Leibowitz, Moshe Hoshen, Ilan Gofer, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Ran D Balicer
Importance: Bariatric surgery is an effective and safe approach for weight loss and short-term improvement in metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, studies have been limited in most settings by lack of a nonsurgical group, losses to follow-up, missing data, and small sample sizes in clinical trials and observational studies. Objective: To assess the association of 3 common types of bariatric surgery compared with nonsurgical treatment with mortality and other clinical outcomes among obese patients...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Tania Meletani, Luca Cantini, Andrea Lanese, Daniele Nicolini, Alessia Cimadamore, Andrea Agostini, Giulia Ricci, Stefania Antognoli, Alessandra Mandolesi, Maria Guido, Rita Alaggio, Gian Marco Giuseppetti, Marina Scarpelli, Marco Vivarelli, Rossana Berardi
Nested stromal-epithelial tumor (NSET) is a non-hepatocytic and non-biliary tumor of the liver consisting of nests of epithelial and spindled cells with associated myofibroblastic stroma and variable intra-lesional calcification and ossification, which represents a very rare and challenging disease. Most of the reported cases have been treated with surgery, obtaining a long survival outcome. Here, we report the case of a 31-year-old Caucasian man who underwent surgery at our institution for a large, lobulated, multinodular mass of the right hemi-liver...
December 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Susana Vacas, Barbara Van de Wiele
Background: Craniotomy is a relatively common surgical procedure with a high incidence of postoperative pain. Development of standardized pain management and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are necessary and crucial to optimize outcomes and patient satisfaction and reduce health care costs. Methods: This work is based upon a literature search of published manuscripts (between 1996 and 2017) from Pubmed, Cochrane Central Register, and Google Scholar...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
Jeanne Carter, Christina Lacchetti, Barbara L Andersen, Debra L Barton, Sage Bolte, Shari Damast, Michael A Diefenbach, Katherine DuHamel, Judith Florendo, Patricia A Ganz, Shari Goldfarb, Sigrun Hallmeyer, David M Kushner, Julia H Rowland
Purpose The adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer provides recommendations to manage sexual function adverse effects that occur as a result of cancer diagnosis and/or treatment. Methods ASCO staff reviewed the guideline for developmental rigor and updated the literature search. An ASCO Expert Panel ( Table A1 ) was assembled to review the guideline content and recommendations. Results The ASCO Expert Panel determined that the recommendations from the 2016 CCO guideline are clear, thorough, and based upon the most relevant scientific evidence...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
G Gomez, F C Stanford
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is now the most prevalent chronic disease in the United States, which amounts to an estimated $147 billion in health care spending annually. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted in 2010 included provisions for private and public health insurance plans that expanded coverage for lifestyle/behavior modification and bariatric surgery for the treatment of obesity. Pharmacotherapy, however, has not been included despite their evidence-based efficacy. We set out to investigate the coverage of Food and Drug Administration-approved medications for obesity within Medicare, Medicaid and ACA-established marketplace health insurance plans...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Kenmei Mizutani, Shigeru Sonoda, Hideaki Wakita
It has been suggested that serotonin (5-HT) may be implicated in functional recovery after stroke; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Here, the role of 5-HT was verified using ritanserin, a potent 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, and protein expression and modification were analyzed to further understand the association between paralysis recovery and molecular mechanisms in the brain. Experimental cerebral cortex infarctions were induced by photothrombosis in rats. Voluntary exercise was initiated 2 days after surgery...
January 3, 2018: Neuroreport
Ashwini Joshi, Michael M Johns
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to understand current protocols for voice rest implemented by laryngologists immediately after phonomicrosurgery for benign vocal fold lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A 24-item survey was sent via electronic mail to laryngologists across the country to gather data on their recommendations of type and dosage of voice rest, factors involved in this decision, and recommendations for other behavioral modifications...
November 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
Kendall L McLean, Carolyn E Moore, Derek C Miketinas, Catherine M Champagne
BACKGROUND: Achieving weight loss after bariatric surgery depends on the individual's ability to sustain lifestyle changes involving dietary modifications. Presurgical dietary assessment is critical to evaluate usual dietary habits and identify the need for intervention before surgery. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify usual dietary habits of black and white women seeking bariatric surgery and to examine potential differences between these ethnic groups...
September 20, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Mónica Venegas, Bernardita Carrasco, Romina Casas-Cordero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To ensure the effectiveness of Physical Therapy for urinary incontinence (UI), it is crucial that patients adhere to treatment in both the long and the short term. Treatment adherence may prevent symptom progression and the need for surgery, which is associated with higher costs and potential complications. Adherence is defined as carrying out a recommended behavioral modification or change. The World Health Organization (WHO) has established that adherence is a multifactorial phenomenon determined by the interaction of five dimensions, which include diverse factors that affect long-term adherence on many levels...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Sean Wharton, Jasmine Lee, Rebecca Ag Christensen
Current methods for the treatment of excess weight can involve healthy behavior changes, pharmacotherapy, and surgical interventions. Many individuals are able to lose some degree of weight through behavioral changes; however, they are often unable to maintain their weight loss long-term. This is in part due to physiological processes that cannot be addressed through behavioral changes alone. Bariatric surgery, which is the most successful treatment for excess weight to date, does result in physiological changes that can help with weight loss and weight maintenance...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Pavel Krakhmalev, Igor Yadroitsev, Ina Yadroitsava, Olga de Smidt
The modern medical industry successfully utilizes Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) to manufacture complex custom implants. Ti6Al4V is one of the most commonly used biocompatible alloys. In surgery practice, infection at the bone-implant interface is one of the key reasons for implant failure. Therefore, advanced implants with biocompatibility and antibacterial properties are required. Modification of Ti alloy with Cu, which in small concentrations is a proven non-toxic antibacterial agent, is an attractive way to manufacture implants with embedded antibacterial functionality...
October 3, 2017: Materials
Amit Assa, Firas Rinawi, Raanan Shamir
Introduction: The Paris modification of the Montreal classification for children with inflammatory bowel disease was accepted in 2011. We aimed to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of patients diagnosed with IBD during childhood in a population-based cohort according to the Paris classification at diagnosis. Methods: The medical records of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients diagnosed from 2000 to 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. Main outcome measures included time to first flare, hospitalization, surgery and biologic therapy...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Aglaja Valentina Stirn, Ronja Zannoni
The present paper addresses the psychological impact of body modifications (e.g. tattoos, body piercing and esthetic genital plastic surgery) on the sexual health of individuals and refers to past and present research insights. Body modifications are understood as invasive interventions on the human body, especially interventions on the human skin which result in (semi-)permanent changes. Tattoos and body piercing (in particular genital piercing) positively affect the sexual satisfaction and the sexual appeal of men and women but there is a controversial association with high risk sexual behavior...
September 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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