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Fayun Feng, Jing Ge, Yisong Li, Jinjin Cheng, Jianfeng Zhong, Xiangyang Yu
The interaction of endophyte-plant can benefit the host in many different ways. An endophytic bacterium strain (HJY) capable of degrading chlorpyrifos (CP) was isolated from Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng). The isolated bacterium HJY classified as Sphingomonas sp. Strain HJY could use chlorpyrifos as the sole carbon source. After being marked with the gfp gene, the colonization and distribution of strain HJY-gfp was directly observed in different tissues of Chinese chives with confocal laser scanning microscope...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Kokge Thilini Kanchana Muthumali DeSilva, Uma Maheswari Rajagopalan, Hirofumi Kadono
Plant growth apart from being a complex and highly dynamic is dependent on its immediate environment. Leaf expansion measurements using Statistical Interferometry Technique, a sensitive interferometric technique at nanometric accuracy and at sub-second levels revealed the presence of characteristic nanometric intrinsic fluctuations [Plant Biotechnology 31, 195 (2014)]. In this paper, we demonstrate that the nanometric intrinsic fluctuations are sensitive enough that they change under exposure of heavy metals, essential micronutrient zinc and non-essential element cadmium, at relatively low concentrations in the leaves of Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum)...
March 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Jian Wang, Xiaofang Zhang, Wanting Ling, Rui Liu, Juan Liu, Fuxing Kang, Yanzheng Gao
This is the first investigation into both soil and crop contamination and associated health risks by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in industrial areas of the Yangtze River Delta region (YRDR). Soil and crop samples were collected from farmland surrounded by three typical industries (a steelworks [SW], a petrochemical facility [PF] and a power plant [PP]), and the concentrations and health risks of PAHs in soils and crops were evaluated. The average concentrations of 16 USEPA priority PAHs in surface soil and subsoil were 471...
February 2017: Chemosphere
Hyo Young Jung, Kwon Young Lee, Dae Young Yoo, Jong Whi Kim, Miyoung Yoo, Sanghee Lee, Ki-Yeon Yoo, Yeo Sung Yoon, Jung Hoon Choi, In Koo Hwang
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we investigated the effects of oil products from two Allium species: Allium sativum (garlic) and Allium hookeri (Chinese chives) on cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation in the mouse dentate gyrus. METHODS: Using corn oil as a vehicle, the essential oil from garlic (10 ml/kg), or Chinese chives (10 ml/kg) was administered orally to 9-week-old mice once a day for 3 weeks. One hour following the last treatment, a novel object recognition test was conducted and the animals were killed 2 h after the test...
November 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
J Sharifi-Rad, D Mnayer, G Tabanelli, Z Z Stojanović-Radić, M Sharifi-Rad, Z Yousaf, L Vallone, W N Setzer, M Iriti
Plants belonging to the genus Allium are widely cultivated and used all over the world as food and medicinal plants. Since ancient times, these plants, particularly garlic (Allium sativum L.) and onion (Allium cepa L.), have represented important components of typical recipes and traditional healing systems. Not the least of which, their use as food biopreservatives is well documented, due to the relevant antibacterial activity of their extracts and essential oils. In addition to garlic and onion, this review article deals with the main members of the genus Allium, including A...
August 29, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Wang Rrong, Tang Aiping, Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf
Jiangxi red soil was used as the tested soil and water spinach (Ipomoea aquatic) and Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) were used as the tested vegetables in this study to investigate the effects of different amounts of sewage-sludge application on the growth of vegetables and the migration and enrichment patterns of Cu and Zn in vegetables using the potted method. The results indicated that the application of sewage sludge could improve the properties of red soil and promote vegetable growth. The dry weight of water spinach and Chinese chive reached the maximal levels when treated with the amount of sewage sludge at 4% and 10%, which was 4...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Caihua Shi, Fengshan Yang, Xun Zhu, Erxia Du, Yuting Yang, Shaoli Wang, Qingjun Wu, Youjun Zhang
The soil insect Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: Sciaridae) causes substantial damage to Chinese chive. Suitable reference genes in B. odoriphaga (Bradysia odoriphaga) have yet to be identified for normalizing target gene expression among samples by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). This study was focused on identifying the expression stability of 12 candidate housekeeping genes in B. odoriphaga under various experiment conditions. The final stability ranking of 12 housekeeping genes was obtained with RefFinder, and the most suitable number of reference genes was analyzed by GeNorm...
July 7, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Aizhi Zhang, Quanlin Wang, Lili Cao, Yu Li, Hao Shen, Jian Shen, Shufen Zhang, Zhengyin Man
A multiresidue analytical method for the determination of 250 pesticide residues in vegetables was developed by using QuEChERS-ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The target compounds were extracted with acetonitrile containing 1% (v/v) acetic acid, purified by a mixed sorbent of MgSO4, primary secondary amine (PSA), graphitized carbon black (GCB) and C18, separated on a Waters ACQUITY™ UPLC BEH C18 column (100 mm x 2. 1 mm, 1.7 µm) and detected by UPLC-MS/MS. Anhydrous magnesium sulfate was used as a dewatering agent...
February 2016: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Wei-Nan Zhang, Hai-Lin Zhang, Chao-Qun Lu, Jian-Ping Luo, Xue-Qiang Zha
Chinese chive, a famous green vegetable, is widely cultivated in the Asia. In the present study, we found that ultrasound caused the degradation of Chinese chive polysaccharides (CCP) in the process of extraction. Since lacking the consideration of polysaccharide degradation, the traditional kinetic models can not reflect the real extraction process of CCP. Therefore, a modified kinetic model was thus established by introducing a parameter of degradation coefficient based on the Fick's second law, suggesting the diffusion and degradation of CCP is highly dependent on the ultrasonic power, extraction temperature and solid-liquid ratio...
December 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Qiqi Zheng, Yonghua Yu, Kai Fan, Feng Ji, Jian Wu, Yibin Ying
A nano-silver electrode immobilizing acetylcholinesterase (AChE) for the detection of organophosphorus (OPPs) pesticides is reported. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the surface structure of two kinds of electrodes fabricated with different sizes of silver powders and the interface between chitosan layer and nano-silver powder layer. Cyclic voltammetry was carried out to characterize the response of silver/chitosan electrode in the absence and in the presence of thiocholine (TCh)...
August 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Davoud Balarak, Masomeh Ebrahimi, Mohammad Jafari Modrek, Edris Bazrafshan, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Yousef Mahdavi
Parasitic diseases are among the most common problems in developing countries. Various parasitic forms such as cysts, larvae and eggs of the parasite are transmitted orally through the consumption of vegetables. So, the aim of this study was to evaluate parasitic contamination of fresh vegetables consumed in the city of Tabriz. This cross-sectional study was conducted for 3 months in 2014 in Tabriz. In this study, 1620 samples from 10 kinds of vegetables (leeks, basil, mint, chives, radishes, parsley, lettuce, watercress, tarragon and coriander) were collected from 54 vegetable shops...
1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Rogerio Tiyo, Carla Zangari de Souza, Ana Flávia Arruda Piovesani, Bruna Tiaki Tiyo, Cristiane Maria Colli, Ariella Andrade Marchioro, Monica Lucia Gomes, Ana Lucia Falavigna-Guilherme
We investigated the presence of Giardia duodenalis cysts and its genotypes in raw leafy vegetables sold in a Brazilian market. These products are different from those sold in most street markets because the producers themselves display and sell their products and rely on specialized technical and sanitary assistance. Vegetable and water samples were collected from 14 (80%) producers who cultivated vegetables that are typically consumed raw for sale at the market, obtained at the market and farms, respectively...
June 2016: Journal of Food Protection
L Martin-Villen, A Gutierrez-Pizarraya, L Alcala-Hernandez, M Marin-Arriaza, B Balandin-Moreno, C Aragon-Gonzalez, J Ferreres-Franco, M A Chiveli-Monleon, M P Anguita-Alonso, E Bouza-Santiago, J Garnacho-Montero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Fernando T Hata, Maurício U Ventura, Mateus G Carvalho, André L A Miguel, Mariana S J Souza, Maria T Paula, Maria A C Zawadneak
The effect of aromatic plants on number of twospotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch, when intercropped with strawberry were assessed in the field. During the first year, chives (Allium schoenoprasum L.), coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.), garlic (Allium sativum L.), oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), or sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) were intercropped with strawberry. Assessments were performed on TSSM populations by taking six samples from July 20 to September 20, 2012...
July 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Sunyoung Kim, Dan-Bi Kim, Sanghee Lee, Jisu Park, Dongbin Shin, Miyoung Yoo
This study investigates the comprehensive organosulphur compounds and evaluation of antioxidant activities in Allium hookeri, called hooker chive. The non-volatile and volatile organosulphur compounds were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detector (HPLC-PDA) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), respectively. Among 11 non-volatileorganosulphur compounds, methiin and cycloalliin were major compounds. A total of 42 volatile compounds were identified and allyl methyl sulphides and dimethyl sulphides were primarily volatiles...
April 7, 2016: Natural Product Research
Cristina Cortinovis, Francesca Caloni
Several foods that are perfectly suitable for human consumption can be toxic to dogs and cats. Food-associated poisoning cases involving the accidental ingestion of chocolate and chocolate-based products, Allium spp. (onion, garlic, leek, and chives), macadamia nuts, Vitis vinifera fruits (grapes, raisins, sultanas, and currants), products sweetened with xylitol, alcoholic beverages, and unbaked bread dough have been reported worldwide in the last decade. The poisoning episodes are generally due to lack of public knowledge of the serious health threat to dogs and cats that can be posed by these products...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Yunhe Zhao, Chunmei Xu, Qiuhong Wang, Yan Wei, Feng Liu, Shuangyu Xu, Zhengqun Zhang, Wei Mu
Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: Sciaridae) is the major pest that damages Chinese chive production. As a volatile compound derived from microbial secondary metabolites, benzothiazole has been determined to possess fumigant activity against B. odoriphaga. However, the mechanism of action of benzothiazole is not well understood. In the present study, fourth-instar larvae of B. odoriphaga were exposed to LC10 and LC30 of benzothiazole. Sublethal concentrations (LC10 and LC30) of benzothiazole significantly reduced the food consumption of the larvae on the second day after treatment (2 DAT)...
May 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Huanhuan Gao, Yifan Zhai, Wenbo Wang, Hao Chen, Xianhong Zhou, Qianying Zhuang, Yi Yu, Rumei Li
Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: Sciaridae) is the most important pest of Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) in Asia; however, the molecular genetics are poorly understood. To explore the molecular biological mechanism of development, Illumina sequencing and de novo assembly were performed in the third-instar, fourth-instar, and pupal B. odoriphaga. The study resulted in 16.2 Gb of clean data and 47,578 unigenes (≥125 bp) contained in 7,632,430 contigs, 46.21% of which were annotated from non-redundant protein (NR), Gene Ontology (GO), Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG), Eukaryotic Orthologous Groups (KOG), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases...
2016: PloS One
Dean Harapas, Robert Premier, Bruce Tomkins, Graham Hepworth, Said Ajlouni
Minor shoot injury significantly (P < 0.05) increased the level at which Salmonella enterica serovar Sofia persisted on cos lettuce in the greenhouse. Initial mean counts of the Salmonella on the injured and uninjured cos lettuce were on the order of 6 log CFU/g. After 3 days, the mean count decreased to 4.8 log CFU/g on the injured plants compared with the significantly (P < 0.05) smaller count of 3.4 log CFU/g on the uninjured plants. By the end of the 3-week experiment, the count from the injured plants was 2...
December 2015: Journal of Food Protection
Duck Woong Park, Kwang Gon Kim, Eun Ah Choi, Gyeong Ri Kang, Tae Sun Kim, Yong Shik Yang, Su Jin Moon, Dong Ryong Ha, Eun Sun Kim, Bae Sik Cho
South Korea has a unique food culture. South Koreans enjoy wrapping meat and eating or making kimchi (traditionally fermented Korean food) and eating using raw leafy vegetables, stalk and stem vegetables. Therefore, there is a high chance of being exposed to pesticide residues of vegetables. The objective of this study was to investigate pesticide residues in leafy vegetables, stalk and stem vegetables from South Korea. A total of 8496 samples were mainly collected from Gwangju and Jeonnam area (the largest production region of leafy vegetables, stalk and stem vegetables) in South Korea from 2010 to 2014...
2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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