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HPV Folic Acid

Dagmar Horakova, Katerina Bouchalova, Karel Cwiertka, Ladislav Stepanek, Jana Vlckova, Helena Kollarova
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive form of breast cancer (BC) with a poor prognosis. Second, patients cannot benefit from targeted therapy, except for those with BRCA1/2 mutations, for whom poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition therapy using olaparib has recently been approved. As global priorities continue to be epidemiological analysis of BC risk factors and early diagnosis, this review focuses on the risks and protective factors associated with TNBC. A PubMed keyword search for new knowledge on the risks and protective factors for TNBC was carried out...
May 15, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Karen Pazol, Cheryl L Robbins, Lindsey I Black, Katherine A Ahrens, Kimberly Daniels, Anjani Chandra, Anjel Vahratian, Lorrie E Gavin
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Receipt of key preventive health services among women and men of reproductive age (i.e., 15-44 years) can help them achieve their desired number and spacing of healthy children and improve their overall health. The 2014 publication Providing Quality Family Planning Services: Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs (QFP) establishes standards for providing a core set of preventive services to promote these goals. These services include contraceptive care for persons seeking to prevent or delay pregnancy, pregnancy testing and counseling, basic infertility services for those seeking to achieve pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, and other preconception care and related preventive health services...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
W L Jia, L Ding, Z Y Ren, T T Wu, W M Zhao, S L Fan, J T Wang
Objective: To explore the effects of both folic acid, p16 protein expression and their interaction on progression of cervical cancerization. Methods: Participants were pathologically diagnosed new cases, including 80 women with normal cervical (NC), 55 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CINⅠ), 55 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CINⅡ/Ⅲ) and 64 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Serum folate levels were detected by microbiological assay method while p16 protein expression levels were measured by Western-blot...
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Alessandra Handisurya, Stefanie Lázár, Pavol Papay, Christian Primas, Andrea Haitel, Reinhard Horvat, Adrian Tanew, Harald Vogelsang, Reinhard Kirnbauer
Patients receiving tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors are at increased risk of exacerbation of (myco-)bacterial and some viral infections. However, information on anogenital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in these patients is sparse or conflicting. In this study 222 patients with psoriasis or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), who received either anti-TNF-α inhibitors or alternatives (purine-, folic acid analogues, phototherapy, fumaric ester, mesalazine) continuously for at least 6 months, were evaluated for the presence of anogenital HPV-induced lesions, mucosal HPV DNA, and serological status of mucosal low-risk HPV6 and high-risk HPV16/HPV18...
May 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Julia Durzyńska
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis promotes the growth of cells, tissues and organs. IGF-1 is mainly produced in the liver but is also secreted from local tissues. In the circulation, IGF-1 is bound to insulin-like binding proteins (IGFBPs), and when released it activates the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R). The signal is further transmitted by intracellular signaling pathways leading to gene expression that regulates, among others, cell proliferation and survival. This review presents the IGF axis in the context of cell transformation and cancer development...
December 2014: Oncology Reports
Michelle J Hindin, Paul Bloem, Jane Ferguson
World Health Organization recommends that girls, ages 9-13 years, get the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine. Global Alliance for Vaccines Initiative, which provides low-cost vaccine to eligible countries, requires that an additional intervention to be offered alongside the vaccine. We systematically searched and assessed the published literature in lower- and middle-income countries to identify effective interventions. We conducted systematic searches of four databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Global Index Medicus Regional Databases, and Cochrane Reviews for effective adolescent health interventions that could be delivered with the HPV vaccine in the following areas: (1) iron and folic acid supplementation (iron alone or with folic acid); (2) voucher delivery and cash transfer programs; (3) hand washing and soap provision; (4) vision screening; (5) promotion of physical activity/exercise; (6) menstrual hygiene education; (7) sexual and reproductive health education; (8) human immunodeficiency virus prevention activities; and (9) condom promotion, condom use skill building, and demonstration...
January 2015: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the occurrence of the uterine cervix cancer and the risk factors, such as the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 1298 polymorphism, the level of the folic acid and so on. METHODS: The cases from some hospitals, including the Xiamen No. 1 Hospital, the Xiamen Maternal and Child Health Hospital and the Xiamen Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital during the year 2007 to 2011 were selected and divided into two groups, one was the cancer group with 129 cases of the cervical cancer, and the other was the control group with 214 non-cervical-cancer women...
March 2014: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Luciana Y Tomita, Vania D'Almeida, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo L Franco, Marly A Cardoso
High folate intake has been suggested as an important factor in cancer prevention; however, previous studies on the relation among folate intake, serum folate, and plasma homocysteine (hcy) are controversial. We conducted a hospital-based, case-control study in Brazil investigating associations between dietary and circulating vitamins B-6 and B-12 and folate, hcy, genotypes of folate-metabolizing enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T, A1298C), 5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase (MTR A2756G), methionine synthase reductase (MTRR A66G), and reduced folate carrier (RFC1 G80A) and risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grades 1 (CIN1), 2 (CIN2), and 3 (CIN3)...
December 2013: Journal of Nutrition
Jin-tao Wang, Ting-ting Wu, Lan Bai, Ling Ding, Min Hao, Yun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of folate on the expression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) in cervical cancer cell lines. METHODS: Experimental study was carried out in vitro. Human cervical cancer cell lines, including C33A cell with HPV negative and Caski cell with HPV16 positive, were treated with different concentration of folate. The expression of DNMT1 and MeCP2 protein (by Western blot) and mRNA (by real-time PCR) were then detected in the two cell lines...
February 2013: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Shajesh Palantavida, Nataliia V Guz, C D Woodworth, I Sokolov
UNLABELLED: We report on the first functional use of recently introduced ultrabright fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles, which are functionalized with folic acid, to distinguish cancerous and precancerous cervical epithelial cells from normal cells. The high brightness of the particles is advantageous for fast and reliable identification of both precancerous and cancerous cells. Normal and cancer cells were isolated from three healthy women and three cancer patients. Three precancerous cell lines were derived by immortalization of primary cultures of normal cells with human papillomavirus type-16 (HPV-16) DNA...
November 2013: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Cynthia Ann Leaver, Claiborne Miller-Davis, Gwenyth R Wallen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus is the most significant factor contributing to cervical cancer. Naturopathic doctors (NDs) implement an integrative approach to treat cervical atypia. This study explored practice consensus and variance among NDs. METHODS: A purposefully selected panel of six NDs participated in a modified Delphi study to validate practice. Three electronic web-based surveys were completed over nine months. RESULTS: Local and systemic treatments were included in all ND protocols...
2013: Integrative Medicine Insights
Sujata Pathak, Neerja Bhatla, Neeta Singh
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in India and a leading cause of death in these women. Most cases of cervical cancer are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of the high-risk type. It has been reported that aberrant DNA methylation can be associated with HPV infection and cervical cancer, and folate is directly involved in DNA methylation via one-carbon metabolism. We aimed to study the importance of one-carbon metabolism in the progression of cervical carcinogenesis by examining serum levels of vitamin B(12) (cobalamin), homocysteine, and folate and DNA methylation of tumor suppressor genes CDH1, HIC1, and Retinoic acid receptor beta (RARβ) amid these women ranging from normal to squamous intraepithelial neoplastic lesions (SIL) to cervical cancer...
October 2012: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Michael Moody, Oanh Le, Megan Rickert, Jeremy Manuele, Sarah Chang, Gary Robinson, Jeffrey Hajibandeh, John Silvaroli, Mark A Keiserman, Christine J Bergman, Karl Kingsley
BACKGROUND: Although the primary risk factors for developing oral cancers are well understood, less is known about the relationship among the secondary factors that may modulate the progression of oral cancers, such as high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and folic acid (FA) supplementation. This study examined high-risk HPV and FA supplementation effects, both singly and in combination, to modulate the proliferative phenotypes of the oral cancer cell lines CAL27, SCC25 and SCC15...
2012: Cancer Cell International
Suhong Xiao, Ying-Sheng Tang, Rehana A Khan, Yonghua Zhang, Praveen Kusumanchi, Sally P Stabler, Hiremagalur N Jayaram, Asok C Antony
Although HPV16 transforms infected epithelial tissues to cancer in the presence of several co-factors, there is insufficient molecular evidence that poor nutrition has any such role. Because physiological folate deficiency led to the intracellular homocysteinylation of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein E1 (hnRNP-E1) and activated a nutrition-sensitive (homocysteine-responsive) posttranscriptional RNA operon that included interaction with HPV16 L2 mRNA, we investigated the functional consequences of folate deficiency on HPV16 in immortalized HPV16-harboring human (BC-1-Ep/SL) keratinocytes and HPV16-organotypic rafts...
April 6, 2012: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Gloria Y F Ho, Mark H Einstein, Seymour L Romney, Anna S Kadish, Maria Abadi, Magdy Mikhail, Jayasri Basu, Benjamin Thysen, Laura Reimers, Prabhudas R Palan, Shelly Trim, Nafisseh Soroudi, Robert D Burk
OBJECTIVE: : This study examines risk factors for persistent cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and examines whether human papillomavirus (HPV) testing predicts persistent lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: : Women with histologically diagnosed CIN 1 or CIN 2 (n = 206) were followed up every 3 months without treatment. Human papillomavirus genotyping, plasma levels of ascorbic acid, and red blood cell folate levels were obtained. Cervical biopsy at 12 months determined the presence of CIN...
October 2011: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Chandrika J Piyathilake, Maurizio Macaluso, Ronald D Alvarez, Min Chen, Suguna Badiga, Nuzhat R Siddiqui, Jeffrey C Edberg, Edward E Partridge, Gary L Johanning
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate LINE-1 methylation as an intermediate biomarker for the effect of folate and vitamin B12 on the occurrence of higher grades of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN ≥ 2). METHODS: This study included 376 women who tested positive for high-risk human papillomaviruses and were diagnosed with CIN ≥ 2 (cases) or CIN ≤ 1 (non-cases). CIN ≥ 2 (yes/no) was the dependent variable in logistic regression models that specified the degree of LINE-1 methylation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and of exfoliated cervical cells (CCs) as the independent predictors of primary interest...
May 2011: Nutrition
Adrianna Mostowska, Martyna Myka, Margarita Lianeri, Andrzej Roszak, Pawel P Jagodziński
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that aberrant DNA methylation can be associated with HPV infection and cervical tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility that polymorphic variants of genes that may affect DNA methylation status are associated with the risk of cervical cancer in the Polish population. DESIGN AND METHOD: Employing PCR-RFLPs and HRM analyses, we examined the prevalence of BHMT Arg239Gln (rs3733890), MTR Asp919Gly (rs1805087), MTHFR Ala222Val (rs1801133), MTHFD1 Arg653Gln (rs2236225) and MTRR Ile22Met (rs1801394) genotypes and alleles in patients with advanced cervical cancer (n=124) and controls (n=168)...
June 2011: Clinical Biochemistry
Laura E Caulfield, Nelly Zavaleta, Ping Chen, Fabiola Lazarte, Carla Albornoz, Diane L Putnick, Marc H Bornstein, Janet A DiPietro
Maternal prenatal zinc supplementation improved fetal autonomic regulation in a nutrient-deficient population in Peru. To evaluate whether differences in autonomic regulation existed in early childhood, we studied 165 children from a zinc supplementation trial (80% of original sample) as part of a comprehensive evaluation at age 54 mo. Electrocardiogram (ECG) data were collected from the children at rest and while they underwent a cognitive testing battery following a standardized protocol. Of these, 79 were born to mothers receiving 25 mg/d zinc in addition to 60 mg/d iron and 250 μg/d folic acid during pregnancy, and 86 were born to mothers receiving iron and folic acid only...
February 2011: Journal of Nutrition
Faruk Abike, Ayse Basak Engin, Ilkkan Dunder, Omer Lutfi Tapisiz, Canan Aslan, Lale Kutluay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between human papilloma virus (HPV) infection persistence and serum folate, vitamin B12, homocysteine, neopterin levels in cervical dysplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Through the years 2007-2008, 122 women who have admitted to Gynecology Clinic were evaluated for cervical cytology, demographical characteristics, HPV infection, serum folate, vitamin B12, homocysteine, albumin, and neopterin levels. RESULTS: Considering all the cases, the highest percentage of the HPV-infected patients was in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) group (83%, n = 25)...
July 2011: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Janet E Flatley, Kristelle McNeir, Latha Balasubramani, John Tidy, Emma L Stuart, Tracey A Young, Hilary J Powers
Aberrant DNA methylation is a recognized feature of human cancers, and folate is directly involved in DNA methylation via one-carbon metabolism. Previous reports also suggest that folate status is associated with the natural history of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. A cross-sectional study was conducted to test the hypothesis that folate status and aberrant DNA methylation show a progressive change across stages of cervical pathology from normal cells to cervical cancer. Additionally, we postulated that a gene-specific hypermethylation profile might be used as a predictive biomarker of cervical cancer risk...
October 2009: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
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