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exercise training and cardiac disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072585/arterial-ventricular-uncoupling-with-age-and-disease-and-recoupling-with-exercise
#1
Paul D Chantler
The deterioration in arterial and cardiac function with aging impairs arterial ventricular coupling, an important determinant of cardiovascular performance. However, exercise training improves arterial ventricular coupling especially during exercise during the age and disease process. This review examines the concept of arterial-ventricular coupling, and how age, and disease uncouples but exercise training recouples the heart and arterial system.
January 9, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028947/the-effects-of-controlled-physical-training-on-peripheral-circulation-following-interventional-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease
#2
Ireneusz Jurczak, Ksenia Jurczak, Robert Irzmański
BACKGROUND: Controlled physical training induces specific changes in the peripheral circulatory system and can lead to positive changes in the vascular perfusion of the lower extremities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in peripheral circulation in the calf in patients with acute coronary disease (ACD) undergoing controlled physical training. Impedance plethysmography was used to monitor peripheral circulation during the training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 patients were divided into three study groups...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009790/exercise-training-reverses-extrapulmonary-impairments-in-smoke-exposed-mice
#3
T Scott Bowen, Lars Aakerøy, Sophia Eisenkolb, Patricia Kunth, Fredrik Bakkerud, Martin Wohlwend, Anne Marie Ormbostad, Tina Fischer, Ulrik Wisloff, Gerhard Schuler, Sigurd Steinshamn, Volker Adams, Eivind Bronstad
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking is the main risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. However, evidence on the extrapulmonary effects of smoke exposure that precede lung impairments remains unclear at present, as are data on non-pharmacological treatments such as exercise training. METHODS: Three groups of mice including control (n=10), smoking (n=10), and smoking with 6 weeks of high-intensity interval treadmill running (n=11) were exposed to 20 weeks of fresh air or whole-body cigarette smoke...
December 22, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004433/effects-of-early-and-delayed-initiation-of-exercise-training-on-cardiac-and-hemodynamic-function-post-spinal-cord-injury
#4
David W Popok, Christopher R West, Laura McCracken, Andrei V Krassioukov
Spinal cord injury (SCI) reduces physical activity and alters descending supraspinal cardiovascular control, predisposing this population to early onset of cardiovascular disease. We used a T3 SCI rodent model to investigate the effect of early vs. delayed passive hind-limb cycling (PHLC), as well as the effect of detraining on cardiac dysfunction and blood pressure control, including autonomic dysreflexia (AD). 20 male Wistar rats were divided into an early PHLC initiation group followed by a period of detraining (PHLC starting day 6 post-SCI, for 4 weeks, followed by 4 weeks of detraining; "early PHLC/detraining" group) and a delayed PHLC intervention group (no PHLC for first 5 weeks post-SCI, followed by PHLC for 4 weeks; "no PHLC/delayed PHLC" group)...
December 22, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996217/supervised-exercise-training-improves-exercise-cardiovascular-function-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
Baruch Vainshelboim, Mordechai R Kramer, Benjamin D Fox, Shimon Izhakian, Alexander Sagie, Jose Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease associated with cardiovascular impairments which compromise exercise tolerance and worsen prognosis. AIM: To examine the effect of participating in supervised exercise training (ET) program on cardiovascular function in patients with IPF. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SETTINGS: Outpatient hospital. POPULATION: Thirty-two IPF patients (68±8 yr)...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994822/the-effect-of-nutrition-consultation-on-dietary-diversity-score-of-cardiac-patients-referred-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-research-center-isfahan-cardiovascular-research-institute-during-2008-2013
#6
Sepideh Mehrabani, Noushin Mohammadifard, Sanaz Mehrabani, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity score (DDS) measurement was used to assessment of diet quality in different disease like cardiovascular disease. One way to improve the cardiovascular patient's ability is cardiac rehabilitation program that include exercise training, nutrition consultation and psychological treatment. No study was designed to compare the DDS before and after dietary consultation among cardiac rehabilitation patients, so this study was designed to examine this purpose. METHODS: Subjects were participated in the 2-month cardiac rehabilitation program...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992395/vascular-function-and-structure-in-veteran-athletes-after-myocardial-infarction
#7
Martijn F H Maessen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Bregina T P Hijmans-Kersten, Ayla Grotens, Tim H A Schreuder, Maria T E Hopman, Dick H J Thijssen
PURPOSE: Although athletes demonstrate lower cardiovascular risk and superior vascular function compared with sedentary peers, they are not exempted from cardiac events (i.e., myocardial infarction [MI]). The presence of an MI is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and impaired vascular function. We tested the hypothesis that lifelong exercise training in post-MI athletes, similar as in healthy controls, is associated with a superior peripheral vascular function and structure compared with a sedentary lifestyle in post-MI individuals...
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990221/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-presents-higher-sympathetic-cardiac-autonomic-modulation-that-is-not-altered-by-strength-training
#8
Victor B Ribeiro, Gislaine S Kogure, Rosana M Reis, Ada C Gastaldi, João E DE Araújo, José H Mazon, Audrey Borghi, Hugo C D Souza
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may present important comorbidities, such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, which are often preceded by changes in cardiac autonomic modulation. Different types of physical exercises are frequently indicated for the prevention and treatment of PCOS. However, little is known about the effects of strength training on the metabolic, hormonal, and cardiac autonomic parameters. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effects of strength training on the autonomic modulation of heart rate variability (HRV) and its relation to endocrine-metabolic parameters in women with PCOS...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988306/eccentric-exercise-in-ischemic-cardiac-patients-and-functional-capacity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
C Karagiannis, C Savva, I Mamais, M Efstathiou, M Monticone, T Xanthos
BACKGROUND: Eccentric (ECC) exercise is an "economical" type of exercise with low energy requirements and does not cause early fatigue. Therefore, it is used for cardiac patients, who have low physical activity and exercise intolerance, as an easier kind of training. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to investigate the efficacy of ECC exercise for functional capacity (FC) in patients with ischemic heart disease. DESIGN: Systematic review...
December 14, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979503/effect-of-physical-training-on-the-recovery-of-acute-exercise-among-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Marianna García-Saldivia, Hermes Ilarraza-Lomelí, Jonathan Myers, Jorge Lara, Leopoldo Bueno
INTRODUCTION: Physical training programs (PTP) have shown several beneficial effects for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly by increasing survival and quality of life. Physiological response during the effort and recovery phases of an exercise testing, is one of the strongest prognostic markers among patients with CVD. A reasonable mechanism that explains those training effects on survival is through the adaptations seen on heart rate recovery (HRR) and oxygen uptake kinetics at the post-exertional phase (RVO2)...
December 12, 2016: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965861/exercise-to-prevent-anthrcycline-based-cardio-toxicity-exact-in-individuals-with-breast-or-hematological-cancers-a-feasibility-study-protocol
#11
Melanie R Keats, Scott A Grandy, Nicholas Giacomantonio, David MacDonald, Miroslaw Rajda, Tallal Younis
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines (AC), widely used and effective anticancer agents, are known to induce both acute and chronic declines in cardiovascular health, ranging in severity from asymptomatic, subclinical dysfunction to substantial cardiomyopathy leading to congestive heart failure and death. There is substantial evidence that physical activity, higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise therapy can help prevent cardiovascular disease. Moreover, animal studies have shown that exercise performed concomitantly with AC treatment may attenuate early cardiac damage that results from AC exposure...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940954/frailty-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-call-to-action-from-the-eapc-cardiac-rehabilitation-section
#12
Carlo Vigorito, Ana Abreu, Marco Ambrosetti, Romualdo Belardinelli, Ugo Corrà, Margaret Cupples, Constantinos H Davos, Stefan Hoefer, Marie-Christine Iliou, Jean-Paul Schmid, Heinz Voeller, Patrick Doherty
Frailty is a geriatric syndrome characterised by a vulnerability status associated with declining function of multiple physiological systems and loss of physiological reserves. Two main models of frailty have been advanced: the phenotypic model (primary frailty) or deficits accumulation model (secondary frailty), and different instruments have been proposed and validated to measure frailty. However measured, frailty correlates to medical outcomes in the elderly, and has been shown to have prognostic value for patients in different clinical settings, such as in patients with coronary artery disease, after cardiac surgery or transvalvular aortic valve replacement, in patients with chronic heart failure or after left ventricular assist device implantation...
December 11, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930685/exercise-training-prevents-cardiovascular-derangements-induced-by-fructose-overload-in-developing-rats
#13
Daniela Farah, Jonas Nunes, Michelle Sartori, Danielle da Silva Dias, Raquel Sirvente, Maikon B Silva, Patrícia Fiorino, Mariana Morris, Susana Llesuy, Vera Farah, Maria-Cláudia Irigoyen, Kátia De Angelis
The risks of chronic diseases associated with the increasing consumption of fructose-laden foods are amplified by the lack of regular physical activity and have become a serious public health issue worldwide. Moreover, childhood eating habits are strongly related to metabolic syndrome in adults. Thus, we aimed to investigate the preventive role of exercise training undertaken concurrently with a high fructose diet on cardiac function, hemodynamics, cardiovascular autonomic modulation and oxidative stress in male rats after weaning...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928204/a-feasibility-study-related-to-inactive-cancer-survivors-compared-with-non-cancer-controls-during-aerobic-exercise-training
#14
Scott N Drum, Riggs J Klika, Susan D Carter, Lisa K Sprod, Lars Donath
Cancer survivors (CA) tend to demonstrate metabolic, cardiac, and ventilatory alterations due to previous chemotherapy and radiation that may impair adaptability following aerobic exercise training. Exercise training adaptations of CA finished with primary treatment compared to non-cancer participants (NC) have not yet been extensively elucidated. Thus, the present study compared physiologic responses of CA versus NC following a low-to-moderate intensity, 8-wk aerobic training program. Thirty-seven previously sedentary participants (CA: n = 14, 12 females; NC: n = 23, 19 females) with no heart or metabolic disease did not differ in age, height, weight, and body mass index (51 ± 2 y, 1...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923793/aerobic-exercise-in-anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#15
Joseph J Chen, Pei T Wu, Holly R Middlekauff, Kim-Lien Nguyen
Cancer and cardiovascular disease are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Older cancer patients often wrestle with underlying heart disease during cancer therapy while childhood cancer survivors are living long enough to face long-term unintended cardiac consequences of cancer therapies, including anthracyclines. Although effective and widely used, particularly in the pediatric population, side effects including dose-dependent association with cardiac dysfunction limits its usage. Unfortunately, there is only one US FDA-approved drug (dexrazoxane) available for the prevention and mitigation of cardiotoxicity related to anthracycline therapy...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895476/community-based-exercise-training-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-and-chronic-cardiac-disease-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#16
Renae J McNamara, Zoe J McKeough, Laura R Mo, Jamie T Dallimore, Sarah M Dennis
BACKGROUND: Poor uptake and adherence are problematic for hospital-based pulmonary and heart failure rehabilitation programs, often because of access difficulties. The aims of this mixed-methods study were to determine the feasibility of a supervised exercise training program in a community gymnasium in people with chronic respiratory and chronic cardiac disease, to explore the experiences of participants and physiotherapists and to determine if a community venue improved access and adherence to rehabilitation...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895211/improvement-in-aerobic-capacity-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-is-there-a-role-for-autonomic-adaptations
#17
Davide Lazzeroni, Paolo Castiglioni, Matteo Bini, Andrea Faini, Umberto Camaiora, Pietro Tito Ugolotti, Claudio Stefano Centorbi, Lorenzo Brambilla, Valerio Brambilla, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Paolo Coruzzi
Background It has been previously shown in patients with heart failure that exercise-based rehabilitation programmes may improve functional capacity and autonomic response. The aim of this study was to investigate this issue further by evaluating whether an association exists between autonomic adaptations and improvements of aerobic capacity in a general population of coronary artery disease patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. Methods Ninety consecutive patients (age 60 ± 11 years) attended a rehabilitation programme of moderate continuous training (25 ± 8 sessions, 2-3 sessions/week)...
January 1, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884660/exenatide-improves-diastolic-function-and-attenuates-arterial-stiffness-but-does-not-alter-exercise-capacity-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Rebecca L Scalzo, Kerrie L Moreau, Cemal Ozemek, Leah Herlache, Shawna McMillin, Sarah Gilligan, Amy G Huebschmann, Tim A Bauer, Jennifer Dorosz, Jane E B Reusch, Judith G Regensteiner
BACKGROUND: Exercise is recommended as a cornerstone of treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), however, it is often poorly adopted by patients. Even in the absence of apparent cardiovascular disease, persons with T2DM have an impaired ability to carry out maximal and submaximal exercise and these impairments are correlated with cardiac and endothelial dysfunction. Glucagon-like pepetide-1 (GLP-1) augments endothelial and cardiac function in T2DM. We hypothesized that administration of a GLP-1 agonist (exenatide) would improve exercise capacity in T2DM...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865722/effect-of-sex-and-sporting-discipline-on-lv%C3%A2-adaptation-to-exercise
#19
Gherardo Finocchiaro, Harshil Dhutia, Andrew D'Silva, Aneil Malhotra, Alexandros Steriotis, Lynne Millar, Keerthi Prakash, Rajay Narain, Michael Papadakis, Rajan Sharma, Sanjay Sharma
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on left ventricular (LV) geometry in a large group of female and male athletes. BACKGROUND: Studies assessing cardiac adaptation in female and male athletes indicate that female athletes reveal smaller increases in LV wall thickness and cavity size compared with male athletes. However, data on sex-specific changes in LV geometry in athletes are scarce. METHODS: A total of 1,083 healthy, elite, white athletes (41% female; mean age 21...
November 11, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865682/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-portugal-results-from-the-2013-14-national-survey
#20
Conceição Silveira, Ana Abreu
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have evolved from being limited to exercise training to comprehensive secondary prevention programs. Given the solid scientific evidence supporting them, they are given a class I recommendation in the American and European guidelines for various cardiovascular diseases, but they continue to be underused in Portugal. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the situation of CR programs in Portugal in 2013-14 and to assess developments in recent years...
December 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
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