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exercise training and cardiac disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167746/randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-an-outpatient-exercise-training-programme-on-haemodynamics-and-cardiac-mr-parameters-of-right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-the-expah-study-protocol
#1
Karen S W Chia, Steven G Faux, Peter K K Wong, Cameron Holloway, Hassan Assareh, Craig S McLachlan, Eugene Kotlyar
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Early stage PH patients are often asymptomatic. Disease progression is associated with impairment of right ventricular function and progressive dyspnoea. Current guidelines recommend exercise training (grade IIa, level B). However, many questions remain regarding the mechanisms of improvement, intensity of supervision and optimal frequency, duration and intensity of exercise...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150539/current-best-practice-in-rehabilitation-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#2
Atsuhito Nakazawa, Narelle S Cox, Anne E Holland
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a group of chronic respiratory diseases characterized by dyspnoea on exertion and decline in health-related quality of life (HRQL). People with ILD experience significant exercise limitation with contributors that include ventilatory limitation, impaired gas exchange, decreased cardiac function and skeletal muscle dysfunction. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is well established in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a means to overcome exercise limitation and improve activity-related dyspnoea...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143388/effects-of-cardiac-telerehabilitation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-using-a-personalised-patient-centred-web-application-protocol-for-the-smartcare-cad-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Rutger W M Brouwers, Jos J Kraal, Simone C J Traa, Ruud F Spee, Laurence M L C Oostveen, Hareld M C Kemps
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation has beneficial effects on morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease, but is vastly underutilised and short-term improvements are often not sustained. Telerehabilitation has the potential to overcome these barriers, but its superiority has not been convincingly demonstrated yet. This may be due to insufficient focus on behavioural change and development of patients' self-management skills. Moreover, potentially beneficial communication methods, such as internet and video consultation, are rarely used...
January 31, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121172/cost-utility-analysis-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-conventional-heart-valve-surgery-versus-usual-care
#4
Tina Birgitte Hansen, Ann Dorthe Zwisler, Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Kirstine Lærum Sibilitz, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Jakob Kjellberg, Patrick Doherty, Neil Oldridge, Rikke Søgaard
Background While cardiac rehabilitation in patients with ischaemic heart disease and heart failure is considered cost-effective, this evidence may not be transferable to heart valve surgery patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation following heart valve surgery. Design We conducted a cost-utility analysis based on a randomised controlled trial of 147 patients who had undergone heart valve surgery and were followed for 6 months. Methods Patients were randomised to cardiac rehabilitation consisting of 12 weeks of physical exercise training and monthly psycho-educational consultations or to usual care...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119843/influence-of-low-peak-respiratory-exchange-ratio-on-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Chul Kim, Hee Eun Choi, Ki Hoon Lee, Young Joo Kim, Sang Jae Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare and analyze the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in two groups based on the peak respiratory exchange ratio (RERpeak) 1.1 values using the exercise tolerance test (ETT) results, and to investigate the reasons for early termination of ETT. METHODS: Patients with acute coronary syndrome who participated in CR exercise training were selected and all subjects underwent 6 weeks of CR exercise training. ETT was performed on a treadmill using a Modified Bruce Protocol before and after CR exercise training...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117245/the-medical-value-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-exercise-test-for-sport-preparticipation-evaluation-in-asymptomatic-middle-aged-white-male-and-female-athletes
#6
Laurent Chevalier, Gaelle Kervio, Stephane Doutreleau, Jean-Philippe Mathieu, Jean-Michel Guy, Aude Mignot, Luc Corneloup, François Passard, Thierry Laporte, Aude Girard-Girod, Olivier Hennebert, Philippe Bernadet, Marie-Pierre Vincent-Chevalier, Laurent Gencel, François Carré
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular events related to high-intensity sport practice are rare but dramatic. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of these events after the age of 35 years. The value of a maximal exercise test (ET) for detection of athletes at risk remains a matter of debate. AIM: The aim of this prospective multicentre study was to clarify the medical value and cost-effectiveness of an ET in middle-aged white asymptomatic athletes who participate in high-intensity sport...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109619/obesity-and-heart-failure-focus-on-the-obesity-paradox
#7
REVIEW
Salvatore Carbone, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena
The escalating prevalence of obesity has been linked to substantial increases in both metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, the direct effects of obesity on cardiovascular health and function require further exploration. In particular, the relationship between obesity and cardiac function has received intense scrutiny. Although obesity increases the risk for development of heart failure (HF), it appears to exert a protective effect in patients in whom HF has already been diagnosed (the "obesity paradox")...
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099583/swimming-training-prevents-coronary-endothelial-dysfunction-in-ovariectomized-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#8
E R G Claudio, S A Almeida, V Mengal, G A Brasil, C H Santuzzi, R V Tiradentes, S A Gouvea, N S Bissoli, R L Santos, G R Abreu
Estrogen deficiency and hypertension are considered major risk factors for the development of coronary heart disease. On the other hand, exercise training is considered an effective form to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases. However, the effects of swimming training (SW) on coronary vascular reactivity in female ovariectomized hypertensive rats are not known. We aimed to evaluate the effects of SW on endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilation in ovariectomized hypertensive rats. Three-month old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, n=50) were divided into four groups: sham (SH), sham plus swimming training (SSW), ovariectomized (OVX), and ovariectomized plus swimming training (OSW)...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093924/effects-of-an-adapted-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-on-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-cardiac-disease-diagnosis
#9
Anka P Brozic, Susan Marzolini, Jack M Goodman
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of a 12-week cardiac rehabilitation programme of aerobic and resistance exercise training on arterial stiffness, peak calf vasodilatory reserve, and haemostatic markers in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Observational cohort study examining effects of 12 weeks of exercise training in 23 subjects (13 men, 10 women; mean age of 56.1 ± 10.1 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects performed exercise training for 12 weeks [aerobic training 5 days/week, 70%-75% peak cardiovascular fitness (VO2peak) and resistance training 2-3 days/week, 60% of one repetition maximum]...
January 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072585/arterial-ventricular-uncoupling-with-age-and-disease-and-recoupling-with-exercise
#10
Paul D Chantler
The deterioration in arterial and cardiac function with aging impairs arterial ventricular coupling, an important determinant of cardiovascular performance. However, exercise training improves arterial ventricular coupling especially during exercise during the age and disease process. This review examines the concept of arterial-ventricular coupling, and how age, and disease uncouples but exercise training recouples the heart and arterial system.
January 9, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028947/the-effects-of-controlled-physical-training-on-peripheral-circulation-following-interventional-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Ireneusz Jurczak, Ksenia Jurczak, Robert Irzmański
BACKGROUND: Controlled physical training induces specific changes in the peripheral circulatory system and can lead to positive changes in the vascular perfusion of the lower extremities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in peripheral circulation in the calf in patients with acute coronary disease (ACD) undergoing controlled physical training. Impedance plethysmography was used to monitor peripheral circulation during the training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 patients were divided into three study groups...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009790/exercise-training-reverses-extrapulmonary-impairments-in-smoke-exposed-mice
#12
T Scott Bowen, Lars Aakerøy, Sophia Eisenkolb, Patricia Kunth, Fredrik Bakkerud, Martin Wohlwend, Anne Marie Ormbostad, Tina Fischer, Ulrik Wisloff, Gerhard Schuler, Sigurd Steinshamn, Volker Adams, Eivind Bronstad
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking is the main risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. However, evidence on the extrapulmonary effects of smoke exposure that precede lung impairments remains unclear at present, as are data on non-pharmacological treatments such as exercise training. METHODS: Three groups of mice including control (n=10), smoking (n=10), and smoking with 6 weeks of high-intensity interval treadmill running (n=11) were exposed to 20 weeks of fresh air or whole-body cigarette smoke...
December 22, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004433/effects-of-early-and-delayed-initiation-of-exercise-training-on-cardiac-and-haemodynamic-function-after-spinal-cord-injury
#13
David W Popok, Christopher R West, Laura McCracken, Andrei V Krassioukov
What is the central question of this study? How does early versus delayed initiation of passive hindlimb cycling, as well as detraining, affect cardiac function and blood pressure control in a rodent model of spinal cord injury? What is the main finding and its importance? Early or delayed initiation of hindlimb cycling improves cardiac and haemodynamic function in spinal cord injury, although the benefits of early administration are more pronounced. We also demonstrate the need for exercise to be maintained, because detraining rapidly reverses the cardiac and haemodynamic benefits...
February 1, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996217/supervised-exercise-training-improves-exercise-cardiovascular-function-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#14
Baruch Vainshelboim, Mordechai R Kramer, Benjamin D Fox, Shimon Izhakian, Alexander Sagie, Jose Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease associated with cardiovascular impairments which compromise exercise tolerance and worsen prognosis. AIM: To examine the effect of participating in supervised exercise training (ET) program on cardiovascular function in patients with IPF. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SETTINGS: Outpatient hospital. POPULATION: Thirty-two IPF patients (68±8 yr)...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994822/the-effect-of-nutrition-consultation-on-dietary-diversity-score-of-cardiac-patients-referred-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-research-center-isfahan-cardiovascular-research-institute-during-2008-2013
#15
Sepideh Mehrabani, Noushin Mohammadifard, Sanaz Mehrabani, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity score (DDS) measurement was used to assessment of diet quality in different disease like cardiovascular disease. One way to improve the cardiovascular patient's ability is cardiac rehabilitation program that include exercise training, nutrition consultation and psychological treatment. No study was designed to compare the DDS before and after dietary consultation among cardiac rehabilitation patients, so this study was designed to examine this purpose. METHODS: Subjects were participated in the 2-month cardiac rehabilitation program...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992395/vascular-function-and-structure-in-veteran-athletes-after-myocardial-infarction
#16
Martijn F H Maessen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Bregina T P Hijmans-Kersten, Ayla Grotens, Tim H A Schreuder, Maria T E Hopman, Dick H J Thijssen
PURPOSE: Although athletes demonstrate lower cardiovascular risk and superior vascular function compared with sedentary peers, they are not exempted from cardiac events (i.e., myocardial infarction [MI]). The presence of an MI is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and impaired vascular function. We tested the hypothesis that lifelong exercise training in post-MI athletes, similar as in healthy controls, is associated with a superior peripheral vascular function and structure compared with a sedentary lifestyle in post-MI individuals...
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990221/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-presents-higher-sympathetic-cardiac-autonomic-modulation-that-is-not-altered-by-strength-training
#17
Victor B Ribeiro, Gislaine S Kogure, Rosana M Reis, Ada C Gastaldi, João E DE Araújo, José H Mazon, Audrey Borghi, Hugo C D Souza
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may present important comorbidities, such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, which are often preceded by changes in cardiac autonomic modulation. Different types of physical exercises are frequently indicated for the prevention and treatment of PCOS. However, little is known about the effects of strength training on the metabolic, hormonal, and cardiac autonomic parameters. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effects of strength training on the autonomic modulation of heart rate variability (HRV) and its relation to endocrine-metabolic parameters in women with PCOS...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988306/eccentric-exercise-in-ischemic-cardiac-patients-and-functional-capacity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
C Karagiannis, C Savva, I Mamais, M Efstathiou, M Monticone, T Xanthos
BACKGROUND: Eccentric (ECC) exercise is an "economical" type of exercise with low energy requirements and does not cause early fatigue. Therefore, it is used for cardiac patients, who have low physical activity and exercise intolerance, as an easier kind of training. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to investigate the efficacy of ECC exercise for functional capacity (FC) in patients with ischemic heart disease. DESIGN: Systematic review...
December 14, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979503/effect-of-physical-training-on-the-recovery-of-acute-exercise-among-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Marianna García-Saldivia, Hermes Ilarraza-Lomelí, Jonathan Myers, Jorge Lara, Leopoldo Bueno
INTRODUCTION: Physical training programs (PTP) have shown several beneficial effects for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly by increasing survival and quality of life. Physiological response during the effort and recovery phases of an exercise testing, is one of the strongest prognostic markers among patients with CVD. A reasonable mechanism that explains those training effects on survival is through the adaptations seen on heart rate recovery (HRR) and oxygen uptake kinetics at the post-exertional phase (RVO2)...
December 12, 2016: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965861/exercise-to-prevent-anthrcycline-based-cardio-toxicity-exact-in-individuals-with-breast-or-hematological-cancers-a-feasibility-study-protocol
#20
Melanie R Keats, Scott A Grandy, Nicholas Giacomantonio, David MacDonald, Miroslaw Rajda, Tallal Younis
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines (AC), widely used and effective anticancer agents, are known to induce both acute and chronic declines in cardiovascular health, ranging in severity from asymptomatic, subclinical dysfunction to substantial cardiomyopathy leading to congestive heart failure and death. There is substantial evidence that physical activity, higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise therapy can help prevent cardiovascular disease. Moreover, animal studies have shown that exercise performed concomitantly with AC treatment may attenuate early cardiac damage that results from AC exposure...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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