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Cancer and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821981/modifiable-factors-and-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-published-meta-analyses
#1
REVIEW
Clara Castro, Bárbara Peleteiro, Nuno Lunet
There are marked differences in the etiology of the major histological types of esophageal cancer (EC)-squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC) and adenocarcinomas (EAC). This study aimed to summarize the current scientific knowledge on modifiable risk factors for EC, by histological type, through a systematic review of meta-analyses referenced in PubMed and ISI Web of Knowledge. We identified 100 meta-analyses on risk factors for ESCC (n = 54), EAC (n = 43), or EC (n = 51). ESCC risk significantly increased with alcohol and maté drinking, smoking, red and processed meat consumption and human papillomavirus infection, while it was negatively associated with body mass index and consumption of fruit, vegetables, white meat, folate, and some carotenoids...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821284/physical-exercise-following-esophageal-cancer-treatment-perfect-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jonna K van Vulpen, Peter D Siersema, Richard van Hillegersberg, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Richard P R Groenendijk, Donald L van der Peet, Eric J Hazebroek, Camiel Rosman, Carlo C G Schippers, Elles Steenhagen, Petra H M Peeters, Anne M May
BACKGROUND: Following esophagectomy, esophageal cancer patients experience a clinically relevant deterioration of health-related quality of life, both on the short- and long-term. With the currently growing number of esophageal cancer survivors, the burden of disease- and treatment-related complaints and symptoms becomes more relevant. This emphasizes the need for interventions aimed at improving quality of life. Beneficial effects of post-operative physical exercise have been reported in several cancer types, but so far comparable evidence in esophageal cancer patients is lacking...
August 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820184/age-related-macular-degeneration-and-mortality-the-melbourne-collaborative-cohort-study
#3
M B McGuinness, R P Finger, A Karahalios, R H Guymer, D R English, E W Chong, A M Hodge, L D Robman, G G Giles, J A Simpson
AimsTo assess associations between features of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and mortality.MethodsA total of 21 129 participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study aged 47-85 years (60% female) were assessed for AMD (2003-2007). Mortality data to December 31, 2012 were obtained through linkage with the National Death Index. Associations were assessed using Cox regression, adjusting for age, sex, smoking, region of birth, education, physical activity, diet and alcohol.ResultsLate AMD was identified in 122 (0...
August 18, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#4
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#5
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817836/sitting-physical-activity-and-serum-oestrogen-metabolism-in-postmenopausal-women-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#6
Hannah Oh, Hannah Arem, Charles E Matthews, Nicolas Wentzensen, Kerryn W Reding, Louise A Brinton, Garnet L Anderson, Sally B Coburn, Jane A Cauley, Chu Chen, Deborah Goodman, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Roni T Falk, Xia Xu, Britton Trabert
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting and lower levels of physical activity have been associated with increased levels of parent oestrogens (oestrone and oestradiol), the key hormones in female cancers, in postmenopausal women. However, it is unknown whether sitting and physical activity are associated with circulating oestrogen metabolite levels. METHODS: Among 1804 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, 15 serum oestrogens/oestrogen metabolites were quantified using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814614/role-of-inactivity-in-chronic-diseases-evolutionary-insight-and-pathophysiological-mechanisms
#7
REVIEW
Frank W Booth, Christian K Roberts, John P Thyfault, Gregory N Ruegsegger, Ryan G Toedebusch
This review proposes that physical inactivity could be considered a behavior selected by evolution for resting, and also selected to be reinforcing in life-threatening situations in which exercise would be dangerous. Underlying the notion are human twin studies and animal selective breeding studies, both of which provide indirect evidence for the existence of genes for physical inactivity. Approximately 86% of the 325 million in the United States (U.S.) population achieve less than the U.S. Government and World Health Organization guidelines for daily physical activity for health...
October 1, 2017: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814378/mhealth-technologies-for-palliative-care-patients-at-the-interface-of-in-patient-to-outpatient-care-protocol-of-feasibility-study-aiming-to-early-predict-deterioration-of-patient-s-health-status
#8
Gudrun Theile, Vanessa Klaas, Gerhard Tröster, Matthias Guckenberger
BACKGROUND: Palliative care patients are a particularly vulnerable population and one of the critical phases in patients' trajectories is discharge from specialized in-patient palliative care into outpatient care, where availability of a palliative care infrastructure is highly variable. A relevant number of potentially avoidable readmissions and emergency visits of palliative patients is observed due to rapid exacerbation of symptoms indicating the need for a closer patient monitoring...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#9
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805953/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-early-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study-ccss
#10
Katie A Devine, Ann C Mertens, John A Whitton, Carmen L Wilson, Kirsten K Ness, Jordan Gilleland Marchak, Wendy Leisenring, Kevin C Oeffinger, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin R Krull
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate concurrent and longitudinal associations between psychosocial functioning and physical activity in adolescent and young adult survivors of early childhood cancer. METHODS: Adolescent survivors of early childhood cancer (diagnosed before age four) participating in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study completed the Coping Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE; n=303; mean age at survey 17.6 years). A subset of these survivors (n=248) completed a follow-up survey an average of 6...
August 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803675/the-yale-fitness-intervention-trial-in-female-cancer-survivors-cardiovascular-and-physiological-outcomes
#11
M Tish Knobf, Sangchoon Jeon, Barbara Smith, Lyndsay Harris, Siobhan Thompson, Mitchel R Stacy, Karl Insogna, Albert J Sinusas
BACKGROUND: Induced premature menopause and cardio-toxic therapy increase cardiovascular disease risk in female cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a 12 month aerobic-resistance fitness center intervention to home based physical activity on cardiovascular function and metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Subjects (N = 154) who had completed primary and/or adjuvant chemotherapy (past 3 years) were randomized to a fitness center intervention or a home based group...
August 10, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803384/does-obesity-modify-the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-breast-cancer-risk
#12
REVIEW
S E Neil-Sztramko, T Boyle, E Milosevic, S F Nugent, C C Gotay, K L Campbell
PURPOSE: With only 5-10% of breast cancer cases attributed to genetic inheritance, prevention efforts have focused on modifiable risk factors. Physical activity plays a role in reducing breast cancer risk; however, the interaction between physical activity and other modifiable risk factors, such as obesity, has received little attention. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted of studies examining the relationship between physical activity and breast cancer and how it may be modified by body mass index (BMI)...
August 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797867/preventing-early-postoperative-arm-swelling-and-lymphedema-manifestation-by-compression-sleeves-after-axillary-lymph-node-interventions-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Katarzyna Ochalek, Tomasz Gradalski, Hugo Partsch
CONTEXT: Breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL) remains one of the major long-term complications after surgery. Many reports showed the effectiveness of compression in BCRL treatment but randomized controlled trials evaluating compression garments for postoperative prevention are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential role of light arm compression sleeves for reducing the incidence of early postoperative swelling and of breast cancer related arm lymphedema...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796009/different-exposures-to-risk-factors-do-not-explain-the-inverse-relationship-of-occurrence-between-cancer-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-an-italian-nested-case-control-study
#14
Federica Prinelli, Fulvio Adorni, Maria Lea Correa Leite, Carla Pettenati, Antonio Russo, Simona Di Santo, Massimo Musicco
Several studies reported that cancer is less frequent in persons with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases (AD/PD) and vice-versa. We evaluated whether a different distribution of known nongenetic risk factors for cancer and AD/PD, might explain their inverse relationship of occurrence. We nested 2 case-control studies in a subsample of a large cohort of 1,000,000 resident in Lombardy Region in Italy (n=1515), followed-up for cancer and AD/PD occurrence since 1991 until 2012. Conditional logistic regression was performed to determine the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of AD/PD in subjects with and without cancer and the risk of cancer in those with and without AD/PD...
August 8, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795218/atopy-and-prostate-cancer-is-there-a-link-between-circulating-levels-of-ige-and-psa-in-humans
#15
Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Sophia N Karagiannis, Sabine Rohrmann
BACKGROUND: Atopy has been investigated as a potential risk factor for prostate cancer. IgE antibodies may be major players in protective responses against tumours, through engendering antigen presentation and enhancing adaptive immune responses targeted towards a specific allergen, but potentially also against tumour-associated antigens such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA). We therefore cross-sectionally investigated associations between circulating levels of PSA and IgE in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006...
August 9, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792413/human-reproduction-and-health-an-evolutionary-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Grazyna Jasienska, Richard G Bribiescas, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Samuli Helle, Alejandra Núñez-de la Mora
According to life history theory, increased investment in reproductive function (physiology and behaviour) at different times throughout the life course affects the risk of many diseases and, ultimately, longevity. Although genetic factors contribute to interindividual and interpopulation variation in reproductive traits, the dominant source of variability is phenotypic plasticity during development and adult life. Reproductive traits in both sexes evolved sensitivity to ecological conditions, as reflected in contemporary associations of hormone concentrations with geographical setting, nutritional status, and physical activity level...
July 29, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790025/supporting-lung-cancer-patients-with-an-interactive-patient-portal-feasibility-study
#17
Wim G Groen, Wilma Kuijpers, Hester Sa Oldenburg, Michel Wjm Wouters, Neil K Aaronson, Wim H van Harten
BACKGROUND: MyAVL is an interactive portal for cancer patients that aims to support lung cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and usability of the patient portal and generate preliminary evidence on its impact. METHODS: Lung cancer patients currently or recently treated with curative intent could use MyAVL noncommittally for 4 months. Feasibility, usability, and preliminary impact (ie, patient activation, quality of life, and physical activity) were studied by means of questionnaires, a focus group, and analysis of user log data...
August 8, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789630/moderate-endurance-training-marathon-training-effects-on-immunologic-and-metabolic-parameters-in-hiv-infected-patients-the-42-km-cologne-project
#18
Stefan Schlabe, Martin Vogel, Christoph Boesecke, Carolynne Schwarze-Zander, Jürgen K Rockstroh, Christian Körner, Klara Brixius, Jan-Christian Wasmuth
BACKGROUND: Improved treatment options of HIV have resulted in regular physical activities of many HIV-infected patients. However, data on effects of sports in HIV-patients are scarce. METHODS: 21 HIV-infected persons were monitored prospectively while preparing for a marathon run. Multiple parameters with regard to immunology, quality of life and metabolism were measured at 4 time points (at baseline 1 year before the marathon run, 3 and 6 months after beginning of training, and immediately before marathon)...
August 8, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781209/why-epidemiological-studies-of-physical-activity-in-prostate-cancer-often-underestimate-its-benefits
#19
EDITORIAL
Mary Kathryn Downer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780667/the-association-of-lifetime-physical-inactivity-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-hospital-based-case-control-analysis
#20
Alexis J Platek, Rikki A Cannioto, John Lewis Etter, Jae Kim, Janine M Joseph, Nicholas R Gulati, Kristina L Schmitt, Emily Callahan, Edgar Khachatryan, Ryan Nagy, Albina Minlikeeva, J Brian Szender, Anurag K Singh, Iris Danziger, Kirsten B Moysich
Despite mounting epidemiological evidence suggesting an inverse association between recreational physical activity and cancer risk, evidence associated with head and neck cancer is scant. We conducted a case-control analysis to examine the associations of lifetime physical inactivity with the risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We utilized data from the Patient Epidemiology Data System at Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI). Participants included 246 patients with HNSCC and 504 cancer-free controls who received medical services at RPCI between 1990 and 1998...
August 5, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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