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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932460/a-home-based-mentored-vegetable-gardening-intervention-demonstrates-feasibility-and-improvements-in-physical-activity-and-performance-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Jennifer R Bail, Andrew D Frugé, Mallory G Cases, Jennifer F De Los Santos, Julie L Locher, Kerry P Smith, Alan B Cantor, Harvey J Cohen, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: The current study assessed the feasibility of a mentored home-based vegetable gardening intervention and examined changes in health-related outcomes among breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: BCS were randomized to either a year-long vegetable gardening intervention to begin immediately or a wait-list control. Master Gardeners mentored participants in planning, planting, and maintaining 3 seasonal gardens over the course of 1 year. Participant accrual, retention, and satisfaction rates of ≥80% served as feasibility (primary outcome) benchmarks...
June 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930434/the-chinese-children-and-families-cohort-study-the-nutrition-physical-activity-and-ultraviolet-radiation-data-collection
#2
Nancy Potischman, Liwen Fang, Ling Hao, Regan R Bailey, David Berrigan, Robert John Berry, Alison Brodie, Ann Chao, Jing Chen, Kevin Dodd, Yajing Feng, Guansheng Ma, Yuna He, Jing Fan, Michael Kimlin, Cari Kitahara, Martha Linet, Zhu Li, Ailing Liu, Yashan Liu, Joshua Sampson, Joseph Su, Jiandong Sun, Natasha Tasevska, Lichen Yang, Ruilan Yang, Qian Zhang, Ning Wang, Linhong Wang, Wang Yu
This article reports the study design, methodological issues and early results of a pilot study testing methods for collecting nutrition, physical activity, and ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure data in a groundbreaking study in China. Epidemiological studies suggest that exposures across the entire life course, including in utero, early childhood, and adolescence, may be important in the etiology of adult cancers and other chronic diseases. The Chinese Children and Families Cohort Study intends to follow-up subjects from the 1993 to 1995 Community Intervention Program of folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects...
May 2018: Nutrition Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929608/influence-of-lifestyle-on-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Gang Liu, Yanping Li, Yang Hu, Geng Zong, Shanshan Li, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu, JoAnn E Manson, Kathryn M Rexrode, Hyun Joon Shin, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Evidence is limited regarding the impact of healthy lifestyle practices on the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events among patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of an overall healthy lifestyle, defined by eating a high-quality diet (top two-fifths of Alternative Healthy Eating Index), nonsmoking, engaging in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (≥150 min/week), and drinking alcohol in moderation (5 to 15 g/day for women and 5 to 30 g/day for men), with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928517/nutritional-status-and-muscle-dysfunction-in-chronic-respiratory-diseases-stable-phase-versus-acute-exacerbations
#4
REVIEW
Joaquim Gea, Antoni Sancho-Muñoz, Roberto Chalela
Nutritional abnormalities are frequent in different chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis (CF), interstitial fibrosis and lung cancer, having important clinical consequences. However, nutritional abnormalities often remained underdiagnosed due to the relative lack of awareness of health professionals. Therefore, systematic anthropometry or even better, assessment of body composition, should be performed in all patients with chronic respiratory conditions, especially following exacerbation periods when malnutrition becomes more accentuated...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927995/does-mammogram-attendance-influence-participation-in-cervical-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-prospective-study-among-1856-french-women
#5
Aurélie Bertaut, Julien Coudert, Leila Bengrine, Vincent Dancourt, Christine Binquet, Serge Douvier
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine participation rates and factors associated with participation in colorectal (fecal occul blood test) and cervical cancer (Pap-smear) screening among a population of women participating in breast cancer screening. METHODS: From August to October 2015, a self-administered questionnaire was sent by post to 2 900 women aged 50-65, living in Côte-d'Or, France, and who were up to date with mammogram screening. Polytomic logistic regression was used to identify correlates of participation in both cervical and colorectal cancer screenings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924835/association-between-dry-eye-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-korean-adult-population
#6
Sun-Bi Um, Hyungseon Yeom, Na Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hyung Keun Lee, Il Suh
PURPOSE: This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. METHODS: Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged ≥ 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010-2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924668/effect-of-fitbit-and-ipad-wearable-technology-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients
#7
Ilana R Yurkiewicz, Pamela Simon, Michaela Liedtke, Gary Dahl, Tamara Dunn
PURPOSE: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer face significant challenges with regard to fatigue, reduced physical activity, and social isolation, which may negatively impact quality of life. This study investigated whether the use of digital wearable technology (Fitbits, along with synced iPads) can affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in AYA aged patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that offered Fitbits and iPads to all AYA patients aged 15 to 29 at an academic medical center at the time of cancer diagnosis...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924298/metabolic-signature-of-healthy-lifestyle-and-its-relation-with-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-large-european-cohort
#8
Nada Assi, Marc J Gunter, Duncan C Thomas, Michael Leitzmann, Magdalena Stepien, Véronique Chajès, Thierry Philip, Paolo Vineis, Christina Bamia, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Torkjel M Sandanger, Amaia Molinuevo, Hendriek Boshuizen, Anneli Sundkvist, Tilman Kühn, Ruth Travis, Kim Overvad, Elio Riboli, Augustin Scalbert, Mazda Jenab, Vivian Viallon, Pietro Ferrari
Background: Studies using metabolomic data have identified metabolites from several compound classes that are associated with disease-related lifestyle factors. Objective: In this study, we identified metabolic signatures reflecting lifestyle patterns and related them to the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Design: Within a nested case-control study of 147 incident HCC cases and 147 matched controls, partial least squares (PLS) analysis related 7 modified healthy lifestyle index (HLI) variables (diet, BMI, physical activity, lifetime alcohol, smoking, diabetes, and hepatitis) to 132 targeted serum-measured metabolites and a liver function score...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914494/development-of-an-exercise-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-shoulder-problems-after-breast-cancer-treatment-the-prevention-of-shoulder-problems-trial-uk-prosper
#9
Helen Richmond, Clare Lait, Cynthia Srikesavan, Esther Williamson, Jane Moser, Meredith Newman, Lauren Betteley, Beth Fordham, Sophie Rees, Sarah E Lamb, Julie Bruce
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal shoulder problems are common after breast cancer treatment. There is some evidence to suggest that early postoperative exercise is safe and may improve shoulder function. We describe the development and delivery of a complex intervention for evaluation within a randomised controlled trial (RCT), designed to target prevention of musculoskeletal shoulder problems after breast cancer surgery (The Prevention of Shoulder Problems Trial; PROSPER). METHODS: A pragmatic, multicentre RCT to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of best practice usual care versus a physiotherapy-led exercise and behavioural support intervention in women at high risk of shoulder problems after breast cancer treatment...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913651/effectiveness-of-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-treatment-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-a-primary-health-care-unit
#10
Klaus Felix Stein, Adriana Miclescu
Background In recent years, multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) became an alternative treatment option for chronic non-cancer pain. MDR is mostly available in specialized pain units, usually at rehabilitation centers where the level of knowledge and therapeutically options to treat pain conditions are considered to be high. There is strong evidence that MDR in specialized pain units is affecting pain and improves the quality of life in a sustainable manner. There are few studies about MDR outcome in primary health care, especially in those units situated in rural areas and with a different population than that encountered in specialized hospitals...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912394/circulating-vitamin-d-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-an-international-pooling-project-of-17-cohorts
#11
Marjorie L McCullough, Emilie S Zoltick, Stephanie J Weinstein, Veronika Fedirko, Molin Wang, Nancy R Cook, A Heather Eliassen, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Claudia Agnoli, Demetrius Albanes, Matthew J Barnett, Julie E Buring, Peter T Campbell, Tess V Clendenen, Neal D Freedman, Susan M Gapstur, Edward L Giovannucci, Gary G Goodman, Christopher A Haiman, Gloria Y F Ho, Ronald L Horst, Tao Hou, Wen-Yi Huang, Mazda Jenab, Michael E Jones, Corinne E Joshu, Vittorio Krogh, I-Min Lee, Jung Eun Lee, Satu Männistö, Loic Le Marchand, Alison M Mondul, Marian L Neuhouser, Elizabeth A Platz, Mark P Purdue, Elio Riboli, Trude Eid Robsahm, Thomas E Rohan, Shizuka Sasazuki, Minouk J Schoemaker, Sabina Sieri, Meir J Stampfer, Anthony J Swerdlow, Cynthia A Thomson, Steinar Tretli, Schoichiro Tsugane, Giske Ursin, Kala Visvanathan, Kami K White, Kana Wu, Shiaw-Shyuan Yaun, Xuehong Zhang, Walter C Willett, Mitchel H Gail, Regina G Ziegler, Stephanie A Smith-Warner
Background: Experimental and epidemiological studies suggest a protective role for vitamin D in colorectal carcinogenesis, but evidence is inconclusive. Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations that minimize risk are unknown. Current Institute of Medicine (IOM) vitamin D guidance is based solely on bone health. Methods: We pooled participant-level data from 17 cohorts, comprising 5706 colorectal cancer case participants and 7107 control participants with a wide range of circulating 25(OH)D concentrations...
June 14, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911290/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-gastrointestinal-cancer-survivors-need-and-acceptability-of-digital-health-interventions
#12
Ashley B Sanders, David E Conroy, Kathryn H Schmitz, Niraj Gusani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) profiles in older gastrointestinal (GI) cancer survivors, assess their interest in interventions to modify these behaviors, and evaluate the acceptability of digital tools for delivering interventions to modify these behaviors. METHODS: Survivors (M = 65 years) from an outpatient survivorship clinic at the Penn State Cancer Institute completed a questionnaire during a clinic appointment...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910314/cancer-and-exercise-warburg-hypothesis-tumour-metabolism-and-high-intensity-anaerobic-exercise
#13
REVIEW
Peter Hofmann
There is ample evidence that regular moderate to vigorous aerobic physical activity is related to a reduced risk for various forms of cancer to suggest a causal relationship. Exercise is associated with positive changes in fitness, body composition, and physical functioning as well as in patient-reported outcomes such as fatigue, sleep quality, or health-related quality of life. Emerging evidence indicates that exercise may also be directly linked to the control of tumour biology through direct effects on tumour-intrinsic factors...
January 31, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909773/chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study-of-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#14
Jiahui Si, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Chenxi Qin, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Li Yin, Hui Li, Jian Lan, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Jun Lv, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence remains inconclusive as to the association between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We prospectively examined the association between chronic HBV infection and CKD risk, and the joint associations of HBV infection with established risk factors of several lifestyle factors and prevalent diseases on CKD risk. METHODS: Participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank were enrolled during 2004-2008 and followed up until 31 December 2015...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909476/the-use-of-ehealth-to-promote-physical-activity-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#15
Ciarán Haberlin, Tom O'Dwyer, David Mockler, Jonathan Moran, Dearbhaile M O'Donnell, Julie Broderick
PURPOSE: Achieving adequate levels of physical activity (PA) and avoiding sedentary behaviour are particularly important in cancer survivors. eHealth, which includes, but is not limited to, the delivery of health information through Internet and mobile technologies, is an emerging concept in healthcare which may present opportunities to improve PA in cancer survivors. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the effects of eHealth in the promotion of PA among cancer survivors...
June 16, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904935/physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-lynch-syndrome
#16
S Ghazaleh Dashti, Aung Ko Win, Sheetal S Hardikar, Stephen E Glombicki, Sheila Mallenahalli, Selvi Thirumurthi, Susan K Peterson, Y Nancy You, Daniel D Buchanan, Jane C Figueiredo, Peter T Campbell, Steven Gallinger, Polly A Newcomb, John D Potter, Noralane M Lindor, Loic Le Marchand, Robert W Haile, John L Hopper, Mark A Jenkins, Karen M Basen-Engquist, Patrick M Lynch, Mala Pande
Greater physical activity is associated with a decrease in risk of colorectal cancer for the general population; however, little is known about its relationship with colorectal cancer risk for people with Lynch syndrome, carriers of inherited pathogenic mutations in genes affecting DNA mismatch repair (MMR). We studied a cohort of 2,042 MMR gene mutations carriers (n=807, diagnosed with colorectal cancer), from the Colon Cancer Family Registry. Self-reported physical activity in three age-periods (20-29, 30-49, and ≥50 years) was summarized as average metabolic equivalent of task hours per week (MET-h/week) during the age-period of cancer diagnosis or censoring (near-term exposure), and across all age-periods preceding cancer diagnosis or censoring (long-term exposure)...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902162/youth-risk-behavior-surveillance-united-states-2017
#17
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900753/a-patient-centered-activity-regimen-improves-participation-in-physical-activity-interventions-in-advanced-stage-lung-cancer
#18
Brett C Bade, J Madison Hyer, Benjamin T Bevill, Alex Pastis, Alana M Rojewski, Benjamin A Toll, Gerard A Silvestri
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is a potential therapy to improve quality of life in patients with advanced-stage lung cancer (LC), but no PA regimen has been shown to be beneficial, clinically practical, and sustainable. We sought to test the hypothesis that a patient-centered activity regimen (PCAR) will improve patient participation and PA more effectively than weekly phone calls. METHODS: In patients with advanced-stage LC, we implemented a walking-based activity regimen and motivated patients via either weekly phone calls (n = 29; FitBit Zip accelerometer) or PCAR (n = 15; FitBit Flex, an educational session, and twice-daily gain-framed text messages)...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898649/bpc157-as-potential-agent-rescuing-from-cancer-cachexia
#19
Eun A Kang, Young Min Han, Jeong Min An, Yong Jin Park, Predrag Sikiric, Deok Hwan Kim, Kwang An Kwon, Yoon Jae Kim, Donghwa Yang, Hann Tchah, Ki Baik Hahm
Cancer cachexia, one of the metabolic syndromes caused by cancer, is a devastating and miserable condition encountered in more than 50% of terminal cancer patients presenting with significant weight loss associated with skeletal muscle atrophy and fat loss. Though cachexia may account for up to 20% of cancer deaths, no significant treatment is still lacking and is of urgent unmet medical need in cancer treatment. Therefore, understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms is essential for anticipating therapeutic approaches...
June 13, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894716/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-perceived-safety-barriers-to-walking-united-states-national-health-interview-survey-2015
#20
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Susan A Carlson, Emily N Ussery, Kathleen B Watson, David R Brown, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
Barriers to safe walking may prevent people from being physically active, and previous reports have identified differences in barriers to safe walking across racial and ethnic groups. The purpose of this research was to determine the role demographic characteristics play on racial/ethnic differences in perceived barriers to safe walking and determine if racial/ethnic differences vary by urban/rural residence and Census region. Participants in the 2015 National Health Interview Survey Cancer Control Supplement (n = 31,433 adults ≥18 years) reported perceived barriers to safe walking (traffic, crime, and animals) and demographic characteristics...
June 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
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