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Cancer and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723724/coping-strategies-used-by-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-literature-review
#1
Mari P Lashbrook, Patricia C Valery, Vikki Knott, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Christina M Bernardes
BACKGROUND: Individual coping strategies are a fundamental element underpinning psychosocial distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe coping strategies and their measurement used by survivors of breast, prostate, and/or colorectal cancer after treatment. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) was conducted from January 1980 to March 2015. Data were extracted using standardized forms and included studies that explored the coping mechanisms of survivorship of breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720261/motivation-to-uphold-physical-activity-in-women-with-breast-cancer-during-adjuvant-chemotherapy-treatment
#2
Anna Wilhelmsson, Maria Roos, Lars Hagberg, Yvonne Wengström, Karin Blomberg
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) is important for recovery after a breast cancer diagnosis; however, women's motivation to engage in PA can be impacted by disease and/or treatment, and can therefore be a challenge. This study explored factors associated with PA levels during chemotherapy among women with breast cancer. METHOD: The study had a cross-sectional descriptive and comparative design using a study-specific questionnaire. One hundred women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy were included...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718417/exercise-and-the-hallmarks-of-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Ana Ruiz-Casado, Asunción Martín-Ruiz, Laura M Pérez, Mariano Provencio, Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Alejandro Lucia
A wealth of evidence supports an association between regular physical activity (PA) and decreased risk for cancer and cancer mortality. This is clearly an important issue given the growing worldwide incidence of both cancer and physical inactivity. Of further importance is unraveling the biological mechanisms that explain the potential preventive effects of PA against the development of cancer, as this might improve our understanding of cancer biology and assist researchers exploring novel treatment strategies...
June 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718231/endostatin-concentration-in-plasma-of-healthy-human-volunteers
#4
Inayat Shah, Muhammad Omar Malik, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Sadia Fatima, Ronald Hugh Baxendale, Syed Hamid Habib
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is involved in many cardiovascular and cancerous diseases, including atherosclerosis and is controlled by a fine balance between angiogenic and angiostatic mediators. Endostatin is one of the main angiostatic mediators, and inhibits angiogenesis and prevents progression of atherosclerosis. The available literature shows a broad range of concentrations in relatively small samples of healthy controls and is calculated by using different techniques. This study was aimed to determine the basal endostatin concentration in plasma of healthy volunteers, to fully understand its physiological role...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717404/physical-activity-does-not-alter-prolactin-levels-in-post-menopausal-women-results-from-a-dose-response-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Darren R Brenner, Yibing Ruan, Andria R Morielli, Kerry S Courneya, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Increased circulating levels of prolactin have been associated with increased risk of both in situ and invasive breast cancer. We investigated whether or not physical activity had a dose-response effect in lowering plasma levels of prolactin in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Four hundred previously inactive but healthy postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years of age were randomized to 150 or 300 min per week of aerobic physical activity in a year-long intervention...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712348/an-exploratory-study-of-fatigue-and-physical-activity-in-canadian-thyroid-cancer-patients
#6
Ahmad Alhashemi, Jennifer Jones, David P Goldstein, Daniel Santa Mina, Lehana Thabane, Catherine Sabiston, Eugene K Chang, James Brierley, Anna M Sawka
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common among cancer survivors, but fatigue in thyroid cancer (TC) survivors may be underappreciated. We investigated the severity and prevalence of moderate and severe fatigue in TC survivors. Potential predictive factors, including physical activity, were explored. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional, written, self-administered TC patient survey and retrospective chart review in an outpatient academic Endocrinology clinic in Toronto, Canada...
July 16, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711382/recreational-physical-activity-in-relation-to-prostate-cancer-specific-mortality-among-men-with-nonmetastatic-prostate-cancer
#7
Ying Wang, Eric J Jacobs, Susan M Gapstur, Maret L Maliniak, Ted Gansler, Marjorie L McCullough, Victoria L Stevens, Alpa V Patel
BACKGROUND: Large prospective cohort studies need to confirm the associations between recreational physical activity (PA), including the most common type-walking, and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) among prostate cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of recreational PA, reported before and after diagnosis, with PCSM, overall and by tumor risk category. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In a prospective cohort study conducted in the USA, men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer between 1992/1993 and June 2011 were followed for mortality until 2012...
July 12, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710584/associations-between-sun-exposure-and-other-lifestyle-variables-in-swedish-women
#8
R Scragg, S Sandin, M Löf, H-O Adami, E Weiderpass
PURPOSE: Sun exposure is associated with risk of several chronic diseases including cancer. The study aim is to investigate whether sun behaviors are related to other lifestyle risk factors of cancer. METHODS: We analyzed data collected in 2003-2004 by self-completed questionnaire from 34,402 Swedish women aged 40-61 years, who comprised 70% of a cohort of originally recruited from a population registry in 1991-1992 (n = 49,259). Participants were asked about annual number of sunburns and annual number of weeks of swimming and sunbathing during 1991-2002, solarium use during 1991-1998 and current sunscreen use...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710540/home-based-exercise-during-preoperative-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#9
An Ngo-Huang, Nathan H Parker, Xuemei Wang, Maria Q B Petzel, David Fogelman, Keri L Schadler, Eduardo Bruera, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Matthew H G Katz
PURPOSE: Exercise concurrent with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiation for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may mitigate the decline in function that may occur as a result of the disease or its treatment in the preoperative period. The primary objective of this single-arm prospective trial was to determine adherence to a home-based exercise program administered during preoperative therapy. METHODS: Twenty patients from a quaternary cancer center with potentially resectable PDAC were enrolled...
July 15, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710076/opportunities-and-challenges-for-environmental-exposure-assessment-in-population-based-studies
#10
Chirag J Patel, Jacqueline Kerr, Duncan C Thomas, Bhramar Mukherjee, Beate Ritz, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Marta M Jankowska, Juliette Madan, Margaret R Karagas, Kimberly A McAllister, Leah E Mechanic, M Daniele Fallin, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Ian A Blair, Susan L Teiltelbaum, Christopher I Amos
BACKGROUND: A growing number and increasing diversity of factors are available for epidemiological studies. These measures provide new avenues for discovery and prevention yet they also raise many challenges for adoption in epidemiological investigations. METHODS: We evaluate 1) designs to investigate diseases that consider heterogeneous and multi-dimensional indicators of exposure and behavior, 2) the implementation of numerous methods to capture indicators of exposure, and 3) the analytical methods required for discovery and validation...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707842/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#11
Feng Liu, Jing Wang, Hai-Long Wu, Hui Wang, Jian-Xiang Wang, Rui Zhou, Zhi Zhu
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) may be a protect factor against prostate cancer (Pca). We aim to investigate and establish the potential relationship between leisure-time PA and Pca. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Embase databases were searched for eligibly studies (cohort) before Aug-11, 2016. We conducted a meta-analysis to pool the dose-specific effects between leisure-time PA and Pca. Subgroup analysis was employed to see the potential variation among each group...
July 12, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704841/lifestyle-predictors-for-non-participation-and-outcome-in-the-second-round-of-faecal-immunochemical-test-in-colorectal-cancer-screening
#12
Markus Dines Knudsen, Paula Berstad, Anette Hjartåker, Elisabeth Haagensen Gulichsen, Geir Hoff, Thomas de Lange, Tomm Bernklev, Edoardo Botteri
BACKGROUND: To reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality through population-based screening programmes using faecal tests, it is important that individuals continue to participate in the repeated rounds of screening. We aimed to identify lifestyle predictors for discontinuation of faecal immunochemical test (FIT) screening after the first round, as well as lifestyle predictors for colorectal neoplasia detected in the second-round FIT screening. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we invited 6959 individuals aged 50-74 years from south-east Norway for a first round of FIT screening and to complete a self-reported lifestyle questionnaire on demographic factors, body mass index (BMI, kg m(-2)), smoking habits, physical activity, consumption of alcohol and dietary items...
July 13, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702896/breast-cancer-risk-prediction-an-update-to-the-rosner-colditz-breast-cancer-incidence-model
#13
Megan S Rice, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan E Hankinson, Rulla M Tamimi, A Heather Eliassen, Walter C Willett, Graham Colditz, Bernard Rosner
PURPOSE: To update and expand the Rosner-Colditz breast cancer incidence model by evaluating the contributions of more recently identified risk factors as well as predicted percent mammographic density (MD) to breast cancer risk. METHODS: Using data from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII, we added adolescent somatotype (9 unit scale), vegetable intake (servings/day), breastfeeding (months), physical activity (MET-h/week), and predicted percent MD to the Rosner-Colditz model to determine whether these variables improved model discrimination...
July 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702441/nationwide-survey-of-cancer-center-programs-in-korea
#14
Ji-Youn Kim, Eun-Surk Yi
This study was conducted to investigate cancer centers established for the purpose of satisfying various needs about cancer, improving the cancer treatment environment, and subdividing services ranging from diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation to palliative care. To this end, the authors have surveyed programs in 17 cancer centers representing Korea, including 12 national cancer centers and five major hospitals. As a result, it was found that the most common type of lecture program was disease management, followed by health care and hospitalization, while the most common type of participation program was psychological relief, followed by physical activity...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700959/relationship-between-physical-activity-practice-and-metabolic-profile-of-postmenopausal-women-under-treatment-with-aromatase-inhibitors-for-breast-cancer
#15
Thais R S de Paulo, Juliana Viezel, Bruna L Aro, Sylvia C Seidinger, Ana Carolina A C Trindade, Diego G D Christofaro, Ismael F Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between physical activity practice and metabolic profile of postmenopausal women under treatment with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) for the treatment of breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, conducted with 101 postmenopausal women (aged 50-80 years). The sample was divided into two groups; group without cancer (GW; n=65) and breast cancer group treated with AIs (GC; n=36). Physical activity (PA) was evaluated by questionnaire...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699204/postnatal-risk-factors-for-testicular-cancer-the-epsam-case-control-study
#16
Giovenale Moirano, Daniela Zugna, Chiara Grasso, Dario Mirabelli, Patrizia Lista, Libero Ciuffreda, Nereo Segnan, Franco Merletti, Lorenzo Richiardi
Testicular cancer is considered to originate from an impaired differentiation of fetal germ cells, but puberty could represent another time window of susceptibility. This study aimed at investigating the association between environmental exposures acting during puberty/adolescence (13 to 19 years of age) and the risk of testicular cancer. We used data of the EPSAM study, a case-control study on germ-cell testicular cancer conducted in the province of Turin, Italy, involving cases diagnosed between 1997 and 2008...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699090/physical-behavior-profiles-in-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue
#17
M D J Wolvers, J B J Bussmann, F Z Bruggeman-Everts, S T Boerema, R van de Schoot, M M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
PURPOSE: Increasing physical activity level is a generally effective intervention goal for patients who suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF). However, patients are unlikely to benefit equally from these interventions, as their behavioral starting points might vary substantially. Therefore, we explored patterns of physical behavior of participants who suffer from CCRF. METHODS: Baseline data of a randomized controlled trial were used for a latent profile analysis on nine accelerometer-derived physical behavior measures, describing levels and patterns of physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698340/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-circulating-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-analysis-using-data-from-the-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Lin Yang, Adetunji T Toriola
OBJECTIVES: Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) is associated with improved cancer prognosis in some studies, yet it may be a surrogate marker for physical activity. We investigated the associations of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with circulating 25-OHD levels in cancer survivors, and determined whether associations differ by indoor and outdoor activity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696989/exercise-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-breast-cancer-what-clinicians-need-to-tell-their-patients
#19
Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Kathryn H Schmitz
In 2016, nearly a quarter-million women were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer, the second deadliest cancer type. Lifestyle behaviors are well-established risk factors for both the development of, and negative outcomes from, breast cancer. New findings demonstrate that engaging in even minimal amounts of exercise is protective against breast cancer. Further, numerous studies have identified the role of exercise in the treatment of breast cancer and improvement in treatment side effects, quality of life, and overall survival...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693547/longitudinal-associations-between-built-environment-characteristics-and-changes-in-active-commuting
#20
Lin Yang, Simon Griffin, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Jenna Panter
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the predictors of changes in commuting. This study investigated the associations between physical environmental characteristics and changes in active commuting. METHODS: Adults from the population-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort self-reported commuting patterns in 2000 and 2007. Active commuters were defined as those who reported 'always' or 'usually' walking or cycling to work. Environmental attributes around the home and route were assessed using Geographical Information Systems...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
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