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Cancer and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036032/a-physiological-profile-of-ovarian-cancer-survivors-to-inform-tailored-exercise-interventions-and-the-development-of-exercise-oncology-guidelines
#1
Christelle Schofield, Robert U Newton, Daniel A Galvão, Paul A Cohen, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has become increasingly important in supportive cancer care. However, physical activity and exercise guidelines for ovarian cancer survivors remain generic. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize existing data regarding the physiological characteristics (treatment-related adverse effects, concurrent comorbidities, body weight and composition, physical fitness and function, and physical activity behavior) of ovarian cancer survivors to further understanding of their cancer-specific physical activity and exercise needs...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#2
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033590/sitting-time-and-occupational-and-recreational-physical-activity-in-relation-to-the-risk-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Pengxiang Chen, Qingxu Song, Jie Han, Huapu Xu, Tong Chen, Jiaqi Xu, Yufeng Cheng
BACKGROUNDS: Sitting time and physical activity are associated with cancer risk; however, their roles in the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are inconclusive. This study aimed to investigate the effects of total sitting time, occupational activity time (OAT), and recreational activity time (RAT) on ESCC risk. METHODS: Five hundred fifty-seven ESCC patients and 543 healthy controls matched by sex and age were recruited for this study. Conditional logistic regression was performed to obtain odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030414/longitudinal-associations-between-marine-omega-3-supplement-users-and-coronary-heart-disease-in-a-uk-population-based-cohort
#4
Marleen A H Lentjes, Ruth H Keogh, Ailsa A Welch, Angela A Mulligan, Robert N Luben, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw
OBJECTIVES: Assess the association between marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) intake from supplements, mainly cod liver oil, and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, with three exposure measurements over 22 years. SETTING: Norfolk-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk, UK). PARTICIPANTS: 22 035 men and women from the general population, 39-79 years at recruitment...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027602/combining-risk-communication-strategies-to-simultaneously-convey-the-risks-of-four-diseases-associated-with-physical-inactivity-to-socio-demographically-diverse-populations
#5
Eva Janssen, Robert A C Ruiter, Erika A Waters
A single risk factor can increase the risk of developing multiple diseases, but most risk communication research has been conducted in the context of a single disease. We explored which combination of three recommended risk communication strategies is most effective in simultaneously conveying risk estimates of four diseases associated with physical inactivity: colon cancer, stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. Participants (N = 1161, 50% no college experience, 50% racial/ethnic minority) were shown hypothetical risk estimates for each of the four diseases...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025506/maintenance-of-lifestyle-changes-at-12-month-follow-up-in-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-trial-for-cancer-survivors
#6
Fiona G Stacey, David R Lubans, Kathy Chapman, Alessandra Bisquera, Erica L James
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025130/domain-specific-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-relation-to-colon-and-rectal-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Shahid Mahmood, Robert J MacInnis, Dallas R English, Amalia Karahalios, Brigid M Lynch
Background: Physical activity is associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer, but most epidemiological studies have focused on occupational and recreational physical activity. The evidence for other domains of activity, and for sedentary behaviour, is limited. Methods: Medline, Embase and Web of Science were searched from inception to December 2015 for studies examining domain-specific physical activity or sedentary behaviour and the risk of colon and/or rectal cancer...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025032/physical-activity-mediating-factors-and-risk-of-colon-cancer-insights-into-adiposity-and-circulating-biomarkers-from-the-epic-cohort
#8
Krasimira Aleksandrova, Mazda Jenab, Michael Leitzmann, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Rudolf Kaaks, Antonia Trichopoulou, Christina Bamia, Pagona Lagiou, Sabina Rinaldi, Heinz Freisling, Marion Carayol, Tobias Pischon, Dagmar Drogan, Elisabete Weiderpass, Paula Jakszyn, Kim Overvad, Christina C Dahm, Anne Tjønneland, Marie-Christine Bouton-Ruault, Tilman Kühn, Eleni Peppa, Elissavet Valanou, Carlo La Vecchia, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Claudia Agnoli, Rosario Tumino, Anne May, Jonna van Vulpen, Kristin Benjaminsen Borch, Sunday Oluwafemi Oyeyemi, J Ramón Quirós, Catalina Bonet, María-José Sánchez, Miren Dorronsoro, Carmen Navarro, Aurelio Barricarte, Bethany van Guelpen, Patrik Wennberg, Timothy J Key, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nicholas Wareham, Nada Assi, Heather A Ward, Dagfinn Aune, Elio Riboli, Heiner Boeing
Background: There is convincing evidence that high physical activity lowers the risk of colon cancer; however, the underlying biological mechanisms remain largely unknown. We aimed to determine the extent to which body fatness and biomarkers of various biologically plausible pathways account for the association between physical activity and colon cancer. Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study in a cohort of 519 978 men and women aged 25 to 70 years followed from 1992 to 2003...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023587/genetic-variants-and-traits-related-to-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-insulin-resistance-and-their-interaction-with-lifestyles-on-postmenopausal-colorectal-cancer-risk
#9
Su Yon Jung, Thomas Rohan, Howard Strickler, Jennifer Bea, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Gloria Ho, Carolyn Crandall
Genetic variants and traits in metabolic signaling pathways may interact with lifestyle factors such as obesity, physical activity, and exogenous estrogen (E), influencing postmenopausal colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but these interrelated pathways are not fully understood. In this case-cohort study, we examined 33 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes related to insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)/ insulin resistance (IR) traits and signaling pathways, using data from 704 postmenopausal women in Women's Health Initiative Observation ancillary studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020414/separate-and-combined-associations-of-obesity-and-metabolic-health-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-pan-european-case-cohort-analysis
#10
Camille Lassale, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Karel G M Moons, Michael Sweeting, Jolanda Boer, Laura Johnson, José María Huerta, Claudia Agnoli, Heinz Freisling, Elisabete Weiderpass, Patrik Wennberg, Daphne L van der A, Larraitz Arriola, Vassiliki Benetou, Heiner Boeing, Fabrice Bonnet, Sandra M Colorado-Yohar, Gunnar Engström, Anne K Eriksen, Pietro Ferrari, Sara Grioni, Matthias Johansson, Rudolf Kaaks, Michail Katsoulis, Verena Katzke, Timothy J Key, Giuseppe Matullo, Olle Melander, Elena Molina-Portillo, Concepción Moreno-Iribas, Margareta Norberg, Kim Overvad, Salvatore Panico, J Ramón Quirós, Calogero Saieva, Guri Skeie, Annika Steffen, Magdalena Stepien, Anne Tjønneland, Antonia Trichopoulou, Rosario Tumino, Yvonne T van der Schouw, W M Monique Verschuren, Claudia Langenberg, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Elio Riboli, Nicholas J Wareham, John Danesh, Adam S Butterworth
Aims: The hypothesis of 'metabolically healthy obesity' implies that, in the absence of metabolic dysfunction, individuals with excess adiposity are not at greater cardiovascular risk. We tested this hypothesis in a large pan-European prospective study. Methods and results: We conducted a case-cohort analysis in the 520 000-person European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study ('EPIC-CVD'). During a median follow-up of 12.2 years, we recorded 7637 incident coronary heart disease (CHD) cases...
August 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020299/lifestyle-in-population-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-over-2-year-follow-up
#11
Sanni Helander, Sirpa Heinävaara, Tytti Sarkeala, Nea Malila
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening may cause changes in health-related lifestyle. In 2010, Finnish Mass Screening Registry began a study on psychosocial effects of CRC screening. This article examines whether there are differential developments in self-reported lifestyle at ages 59-61 years among CRC screening invitees and non-contacted controls. Methods: A population-based random sample of 10 648 Finnish adults born in 1951 and living in the municipalities voluntary involved in the CRC screening programme were sent a lifestyle questionnaire in 2010...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020281/association-of-walking-pace-and-handgrip-strength-with-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-a-uk-biobank-observational-study
#12
Thomas Yates, Francesco Zaccardi, Nafeesa N Dhalwani, Melanie J Davies, Kishan Bakrania, Carlos A Celis-Morales, Jason M R Gill, Paul W Franks, Kamlesh Khunti
Aims: To quantify the association of self-reported walking pace and handgrip strength with all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality. Methods and results: A total of 230 670 women and 190 057 men free from prevalent cancer and cardiovascular disease were included from UK Biobank. Usual walking pace was self-defined as slow, steady/average or brisk. Handgrip strength was assessed by dynamometer. Cox-proportional hazard models were adjusted for social deprivation, ethnicity, employment, medications, alcohol use, diet, physical activity, and television viewing time...
August 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020206/concordance-with-prevention-guidelines-and-subsequent-cancer-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-adults
#13
Heather Greenlee, Garrett Strizich, Gina S Lovasi, Robert C Kaplan, Mary L Biggs, Christopher I Li, John Richardson, Gregory L Burke, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Amanda M Fretts, Bruce M Psaty, Linda P Fried
Reports on the association between multiple clinical and behavioral health indicators and major health outcomes among older adults are scarce. We prospectively examined concordance with American Cancer Society and American Heart Association disease prevention guidelines in relation to cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality among Cardiovascular Health Study enrollees age 65-98 years who at baseline assessment in 1989-1996 (n = 3,491) were free of CVD and cancer. Total and cause-specific mortality, as well as incidence of cancer and CVD, were lower with increased guideline concordance...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#14
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018055/dose-response-effects-of-exercise-on-insulin-among-colon-cancer-survivors
#15
Justin Brown, Michael Rickels, Andrea Troxel, Babette Zemel, Nevena Damjanov, Bonnie Ky, Andrew Rhim, Anil Rustgi, Kerry S Courneya, Kathryn Schmitz
Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of disease recurrence among colon cancer survivors. The pathways through which physical activity may alter disease outcomes are unknown, but may include changes in metabolic growth factors, such as insulin. METHODS: Between January 2015 and August 2015, 39 stage I-III colon cancer survivors were randomized to one of three groups: usual-care control, 150 min∙wk-1 of aerobic exercise (low-dose), and 300 min∙wk-1 of aerobic exercise (high-dose) for six months...
October 10, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017891/a-pilot-study-of-an-accelerometer-equipped-smartphone-to-monitor-older-adults-with-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-in-mexico
#16
Enrique Soto-Perez-De-Celis, Heeyoung Kim, María Patricia Rojo-Castillo, Can-Lan Sun, Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, James R Waisman, José Alberto Avila-Funes, Álvaro Aguayo, Arti Hurria
OBJECTIVES: Older adults with cancer in developing countries face challenges accessing healthcare due to a lack of personnel and infrastructure. A decline in physical activity (defined as a decrease in the number of daily steps) may be a novel method for the timely detection of toxicity in older adults receiving chemotherapy in resource-constrained settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this feasibility study, patients aged ≥65years starting first-line chemotherapy for solid tumors were given a smartphone with a pedometer application...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017509/acceptability-of-dietary-and-physical-activity-lifestyle-modification-for-men-following-radiotherapy-or-radical-prostatectomy-for-localised-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-investigation
#17
Lucy E Hackshaw-McGeagh, Eileen Sutton, Raj Persad, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Chris Millett, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
BACKGROUND: The experience and acceptability of lifestyle interventions for men with localised prostate cancer are not well understood, yet lifestyle interventions are increasingly promoted for cancer survivors. We explored the opinions, experiences and perceived acceptability of taking part in nutritional and physical activity interventions amongst men with prostate cancer and their partners; with the ultimate plan to use such information to inform the development of nutritional and physical activity interventions for men with prostate cancer...
October 10, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994035/survivorchess-to-increase-physical-activity-in-colon-cancer-survivors-can-we-get-them-moving
#18
Deborah K Mayer, Gina Landucci, Lola Awoyinka, Amy K Atwood, Cindy L Carmack, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Fiona McTavish, David H Gustafson
PURPOSE: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of SurvivorCHESS, an eHealth intervention, on physical activity in colon cancer survivors and to explore the impact of SurvivorCHESS on quality of life and distress. METHODS: This was a two-arm single-blinded multi-site randomized controlled trial comparing a control group to an intervention group receiving a smartphone with the SurvivorCHESS program. RESULTS: Participants using SurvivorCHESS (n = 144) increased their moderate to vigorous physical activities from 19...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994020/vitamin-d-and-the-skin-an-update-for-dermatologists
#19
REVIEW
Elio Kechichian, Khaled Ezzedine
Vitamin D plays a key role in skeletal and cardiovascular disorders, cancers, central nervous system diseases, reproductive diseases, infections, and autoimmune and dermatological disorders. The two main sources of vitamin D are sun exposure and oral intake, including vitamin D supplementation and dietary intake. Multiple factors are linked to vitamin D status, such as Fitzpatrick skin type, sex, body mass index, physical activity, alcohol intake, and vitamin D receptor polymorphisms. Patients with photosensitive disorders tend to avoid sun exposure, and this practice, along with photoprotection, can put this category of patients at risk for vitamin D deficiency...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993394/recruitment-adherence-and-retention-of-endometrial-cancer-survivors-in-a-behavioural-lifestyle-programme-the-diet-and-exercise-in-uterine-cancer-survivors-deus-parallel-randomised-pilot-trial
#20
Dimitrios A Koutoukidis, Rebecca J Beeken, Ranjit Manchanda, Moscho Michalopoulou, Matthew Burnell, M Tish Knobf, Anne Lanceley
OBJECTIVE: Healthy eating and physical activity may help endometrial cancer survivors (ECS) improve their quality of life. However, most ECS do not meet the relevant guidelines. This pilot trial aimed to test the study feasibility procedures for a definitive trial of a behavioural lifestyle programme. DESIGN AND SETTING: This 24-week parallel two-arm randomised pilot trial took place in two hospitals in London, UK (April 2015-June 2016). PARTICIPANTS: Sixty disease-free ECS within 3 years of diagnosis...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
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