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Cancer and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471477/feasibility-of-smartphone-application-and-social-media-intervention-on-breast-cancer-survivors-health-outcomes
#1
Zachary Pope, Jung Eun Lee, Nan Zeng, Hee Yun Lee, Zan Gao
Breast cancer survivors are at risk for poor health, with physical activity a possible treatment. Little research has examined how technology might promote breast cancer survivor physical activity or health. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of employing a commercially available mobile health application- and social media-based health education intervention to improve breast cancer survivor physical activity or health.Ten breast cancer survivors (X̅ age = 45.80 ± 10.23 years; X̅ weight = 79...
February 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470776/a-path-model-analysis-on-predictors-of-dropout-at-6-and-12-months-during-the-weight-loss-interventions-in-endocrinology-outpatient-division
#2
Simone Perna, Daniele Spadaccini, Antonella Riva, Pietro Allegrini, Chiara Edera, Milena Anna Faliva, Gabriella Peroni, Maurizio Naso, Mara Nichetti, Carlotta Gozzer, Beatrice Vigo, Mariangela Rondanelli
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify the dropout rate at 6 and 12 months from the first outpatient visit, and to analyze dropout risk factors among the following areas: biochemical examinations, anthropometric measures, psychological tests, personal data, and life attitude such as smoking, physical activity, and pathologies. METHODS: This is a retrospective longitudinal observational study. Patients undergo an outpatient endocrinology visit, which includes collecting biographical data, anthropometric measurements, physical and pathological history, psychological tests, and biochemical examinations...
February 22, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464660/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-risk-of-thyroid-cancer-a-case-control-study-and-a-meta-analysis
#3
M-J Hu, Q Zhang, L Liang, S-Y Wang, X-C Zheng, M-M Zhou, Y-W Yang, Q Zhong, F Huang
PURPOSE: Although vitamin D is reportedly associated with various cancers, the association between vitamin D and thyroid cancer is indefinite. We aimed to investigate whether this association applies to thyroid cancer (TC). METHODS: A total of 276 Chinese Han people were recruited in a current matched case-control study. Multivariable conditional logistic regression was computed to estimate the association between plasma 25(OH)D and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463332/consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-and-artificially-sweetened-soft-drinks-and-risk-of-obesity-related-cancers
#4
Allison M Hodge, Julie K Bassett, Roger L Milne, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that more frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened soft drinks would be associated with increased risk of obesity-related cancers. Associations for artificially sweetened soft drinks were assessed for comparison. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with cancers identified by linkage to cancer registries. At baseline, participants completed a 121-item FFQ including separate questions about the number of times in the past year they had consumed sugar-sweetened or artificially sweetened soft drinks...
February 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461649/contextual-and-stress-process-factors-associated-with-head-and-neck-cancer-caregivers-physical-and-psychological-well-being
#5
M-S Paek, C L Nightingale, J A Tooze, B-J Milliron, K E Weaver, K R Sterba
Head and neck cancer (HNC) caregivers are especially vulnerable to poor outcomes because the HNC patients are at high risk for physical and functional impairments. This study examines contextual and stress process variables potentially associated with HNC caregivers' physical and psychological well-being. Patient-caregiver variables included socio-demographics, primary stressors (caregiving, patient clinical characteristics, HNC-related symptoms/dysfunction), secondary stressors (caregiver employment, childcare responsibilities and sleep duration <7 hr), appraisal, and response (physical activity)...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461282/a-behavioral-physical-activity-intervention-to-manage-moderate-and-severe-fatigue-among-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-pre-efficacy-study-in-the-national-institutes-of-health-orbit-model
#6
Hsiao-Lan Wang, Susan C McMillan, Nisha Vijayakumar, Sally McDonald, Li-Ting Huang, Clement Gwede, Tapan Padhya, Jeffery Russell, Karen Vondruska, Harleah G Buck, Yangxin Huang, Connie Visovsky
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) reduces head and neck cancer (HNC) survival rates and is the most common, severe, and distressing symptom negatively impacting activities of daily living (ADLs) dependence among HNC patients. These patients remain physically inactive after their cancer treatment, although there is consensus that physical activity mitigates CRF in cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: A home-based personalized behavioral physical activity intervention with fitness graded motion exergames (PAfitME) was evaluated for its intervention components, intervention delivery mode, and intervention contact time/duration with initial assessment of the feasibility, acceptability, safety, and outcomes...
February 15, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458936/effects-of-combined-and-resistance-training-on-the-inflammatory-profile-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Marco Aurélio Ferreira de Jesus Leite, Guilherme Morais Puga, Franciel José Arantes, Carlo José Freire Oliveira, Lucas Moreira Cunha, Miguel Junior Sordi Bortolini, Nilson Penha-Silva
OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review aimed to verify the effect of resistance and combined training on the inflammatory profile of breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: The searches were made on the platforms PsycINFO, PubMed, Cochrane, Science Direct and Scopus, from 1996 to 2017, using the keywords: cancer survivors, cancer treatment, cancer patients, breast cancer, inflammation, inflammatory profile, immune function, resistance training, strength training, weight training, physical activity, concurrent training and combined training...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458789/physical-activity-reduces-fatigue-in-patients-with-cancer-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#8
REVIEW
Sapna Oberoi, Paula D Robinson, Danielle Cataudella, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Hailey Davis, Nathan Duong, Faith Gibson, Miriam Götte, Pamela Hinds, Sanne L Nijhof, Deborah Tomlinson, Patrick van der Torre, Sandra Cabral, L Lee Dupuis, Lillian Sung
PURPOSE: Objective was to determine whether physical activity reduces the severity of fatigue in patients with cancer or hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing physical activity with control interventions for the management of fatigue in patients with cancer or HSCT recipients. RESULTS: There were 170 trials included. Physical activity reduced the severity of fatigue when compared to all control groups (standardized mean difference -0...
February 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458784/review-effectiveness-of-implementation-strategies-to-increase-physical-activity-uptake-during-and-after-cancer-treatment
#9
REVIEW
C IJsbrandy, P B Ottevanger, M Tsekou Diogeni, W R Gerritsen, W H van Harten, R P M G Hermens
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of different strategies to implement physical activity during and after cancer treatment. DESIGN: We searched for studies containing strategies to implement physical activity in cancer care that meet the inclusion criteria of the Cochrane EPOC group. The primary outcome was physical activity uptake. We expressed the effectiveness of the strategies as the percentage of studies with improvement...
February 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457496/prostate-cancer-risk-reduced-by-physical-activity-even-among-men-with-prolonged-sitting-time-a-study-from-vietnam
#10
Dong Van Hoang, Andy H Lee, Ngoc Minh Pham, Colin W Binns
Increasing prostate cancer incidence in the Asia-Pacific region may be related to a more sedentary lifestyle resulted from economic growth and rapid urbanization. The present case-control study of 640 men aged 64 to 75 years was conducted in Vietnam between 2013 and 2015 to ascertain the relationship between physical activity and prostate cancer risk, accounting for the duration of sitting time. Reduced prostate cancer risks were found for men engaging in medium (15.8-47.3 metabolic equivalent task [MET]-h/week) and high (>47...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452599/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-pre-operative-physical-activity-to-improve-patient-outcomes-after-major-cancer-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-pepa-trial
#11
Daniel Steffens, Jane Young, Paula R Beckenkamp, James Ratcliffe, Freya Rubie, Nabila Ansari, Neil Pillinger, Michael Solomon
BACKGROUND: There is a need for evidence of the effectiveness of pre-operative exercise for patients undergoing major cancer surgery; however, recruitment to such trials can be challenging. The PrE-operative Physical Activity (PEPA) Trial will establish the feasibility and acceptability of a pre-operative exercise programme aimed to improve patient outcomes after cytoreductive surgery and pelvic exenteration. The secondary aim is to obtain pilot data on the likely difference in key outcomes (post-operative complications, length of hospital stay, post-operative functional capacity and quality of life) to inform the sample size calculation for the substantive randomised clinical trial...
February 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451662/what-clinical-functional-and-psychological-factors-before-treatment-are-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-chemotherapy
#12
Ariella Sebastião Mangia, Nara Lisiane de Oliveira Coqueiro, Fernanda Cabral Azevedo, Hiago Tomaz da Silva Araujo, Elizandra de Oliveira Amorim, Cibelli Navarro Rodrigues Alves, Calvino Camargo, Allex Jardim da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To correlate physical activity level (PAL), functional capacity and psychological state with quality of life (QoL) in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (CT). METHOD: Observational cohort study. Patients (n=121) with any primary cancer site with indications of chemotherapy with palliative or curative intent were evaluated at three moments: 1) patient admission (week 0), before chemotherapy; 2) week 8; 3) end of CT. Data were collected regarding QoL, PAL, clinical data, functional capacity (short walking distance test, sitting-rising test, isometric manual gripping force), and anxiety and depression tests...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451333/urban-rural-differences-in-aerobic-physical-activity-muscle-strengthening-exercise-and-screen-time-sedentary-behavior
#13
Michael C Robertson, Jaejoon Song, Wendell C Taylor, Casey P Durand, Karen M Basen-Engquist
PURPOSE: Compared to their urban counterparts, US residents in rural settings face an increased risk of premature mortality and health problems that have been linked to insufficient physical activity (PA) levels. There is limited literature regarding urban-rural differences in adherence to national guidelines for all 3 PA-related behaviors. METHODS: We investigated urban-rural differences in aerobic PA, leisure-time muscle strengthening PA, and leisure screen-time sedentary behavior in a combined data set of the 2011-2014 waves (N = 14,188) of the nationally representative National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446325/behaviour-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-interventions-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#14
Laura Hallward, Nisha Patel, Lindsay R Duncan
Physical activity interventions can improve prostate cancer survivors' health. Determining the behaviour change techniques used in physical activity interventions can help elucidate the mechanisms by which an intervention successfully changes behaviour. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate behaviour change techniques in physical activity interventions for prostate cancer survivors. A total of 7 databases were searched and 15 studies were retained. The studies included a mean 6...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444652/physical-activity-and-risk-of-testicular-cancer-a-systematic-review
#15
Stephanie Huang, Virginia Signal, Diana Sarfati, Caroline Shaw, James Stanley, Katherine McGlynn, Jason Gurney
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has been implicated as a risk factor in the development of testicular cancer (TC), but the relationship remains controversial. This systematic review pooled available evidence regarding this association. METHODS: Using Boolean search terms and following PRISMA guidelines, we examined the risk of TC across three categories of exposure: intensity (i.e. comparison of risk between those previously exposed to high, moderate and low levels of physical activity); dose-response (i...
February 14, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442457/dietary-patterns-and-breast-or-lung-cancer-risk-a-pooled-analysis-of-2-case-control-studies-in-north-eastern-poland
#16
Beata Krusińska, Iwona Hawrysz, Małgorzata A Słowińska, Lidia Wądołowska, Maciej Biernacki, Anna Czerwińska, Janusz J Gołota
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men are the most prevalent cancers in Poland and worldwide. Evidence of the impact of food groups and nutrients on the risk of breast and lung cancer is limited and lacking conclusions. Studies on food consumption and breast or lung cancer are limited. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the association between dietary patterns and the prevalence of breast and lung cancers in adult Poles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved a pooled analysis of 2 case-control studies on 320 subjects aged 50-70 years from north-eastern Poland (160 women, 160 men)...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438474/lifestyle-factors-and-risk-of-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-by-microsatellite-instability-status-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#17
P R Carr, E Alwers, S Bienert, J Weberpals, M Kloor, H Brenner, M Hoffmeister
Introduction: The association of lifestyle factors with molecular pathological subtypes of colorectal cancer (CRC), such as microsatellite instability (MSI), could provide further knowledge about the colorectal carcinogenic process. The aim of this review was to evaluate possible associations between lifestyle factors and risk of sporadic CRC by MSI status. Methods: PubMed and Web of Science were searched for studies investigating the association between alcohol, body mass index (BMI), dietary fiber, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), physical activity, red meat, smoking, or statin use, with MSI-high (MSI-H) and microsatellite stable (MSS) CRC...
February 9, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437202/lymphedema-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors-assessing-diagnostic-methods-and-the-effects-of-physical-activity
#18
Neel S Iyer, Brenda Cartmel, Louis Friedman, Fangyong Li, Yang Zhou, Elizabeth Ercolano, Maura Harrigan, Linda Gottlieb, Ruth McCorkle, Peter E Schwartz, Melinda L Irwin
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema is a poorly understood side effect of gynecologic cancer treatment. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of lower limb lymphedema (LLL) in a sample of ovarian cancer survivors via 3 different diagnostic methods and to assess the effect of a randomized exercise intervention. METHODS: Physically inactive ovarian cancer survivors (n = 95) were enrolled in a 6-month randomized trial of exercise (primarily brisk walking) versus attention control...
February 13, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436473/high-erythrocyte-levels-of-the-n-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-linoleic-acid-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-subsequent-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-a-southern-european-nested-case-control-study
#19
Paola de Pablo, Dora Romaguera, Helena L Fisk, Philip C Calder, Anne-Marie Quirke, Alison J Cartwright, Salvatore Panico, Amalia Mattiello, Diana Gavrila, Carman Navarro, Carlotta Sacerdote, Paolo Vineis, Rosario Tumino, William E Ollier, Dominique S Michaud, Elio Riboli, Patrick J Venables, Benjamin A Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Findings relating to dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are mixed. Erythrocyte membrane PUFA is an accurate objective biomarker of PUFA status; however, there are little data on erythrocyte membrane PUFA and risk of RA. The objective was therefore to compare erythrocyte membrane PUFA between pre-RA individuals and matched controls from a population-based sample, and specifically to test the hypothesis that higher levels of longer chain n-3 PUFA are associated with lower risk of RA...
February 7, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434658/healthy-living-and-cancer-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#20
Peter C Elwood, Alex Whitmarsh, John Gallacher, Anthony Bayer, Richard Adams, Luke Heslop, Janet Pickering, Gareth Morgan, Julieta Galante, Sunil Dolwani, Marcus Longley, Zoe E Roberts
Context: UK Biobank is a prospective study of half a million subjects, almost all aged 40-69 years, identified in 22 centres across the UK during 2006-2010. Objective: A healthy lifestyle has been described as 'better than any pill, and no side effects [5]. We therefore examined the relationships between healthy behaviours: low alcohol intake, non-smoking, healthy BMI, physical activity and a healthy diet, and the risk of all cancers, colon, breast and prostate cancers in a large dataset...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
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