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Cancer and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235567/alcohol-and-oestrogen-metabolites-in-postmenopausal-women-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#1
Mary C Playdon, Sally B Coburn, Steven C Moore, Louise A Brinton, Nicolas Wentzensen, Garnet Anderson, Robert Wallace, Roni T Falk, Ruth Pfeiffer, Xia Xu, Britton Trabert
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of several cancers. Potential mechanisms include altered oestrogen metabolism. Parent oestrogens metabolise into alternate pathways of oestrogen metabolites that may have variable effects on cancer pathogenesis. We examined associations of alcohol consumption with circulating oestrogen/oestrogen metabolites in postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI)-Observational Study (OS). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of prediagnosis ovarian/endometrial cancer case-control data within WHI-OS (N=1864)...
December 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234262/physical-activity-decreases-kidney-cancer-mortality
#2
Michael Liss, Loki Natarajan, Aws Hasan, Jonathan L Noguchi, Martha White, J Kellogg Parsons
Background: To investigate associations of kidney cancer mortality with modifiable risk factors of obesity, physical activity, and smoking. Methods: We evaluate baseline data from US National Health Information Survey from 1998 through 2004 linked to mortality data reporting deaths through 2006. The primary outcome variable was kidney cancer-specific mortality and primary exposure variables were self-reported physical activity and body mass index (BMI). We utilized multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models, with delayed entry to account for age at survey interview...
November 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226994/demographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-lung-cancer-survivors
#3
Adrijana D'Silva, Gwyn D Bebb, Terry Boyle, Steven T Johnson, Jeff K Vallance
OBJECTIVE: To determine demographic and clinical correlates of accelerometer assessed physical activity and sedentary time among a population-based sample of lung cancer survivors. METHODS: Lung cancer survivors in Southern Alberta, Canada (N=527) were invited to complete a mailed survey assessing socio-demographics and wear an Actigraph® GT3X+ accelerometer for seven days. Average daily minutes of physical activity and sedentary time were derived from the accelerometer data...
December 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224095/sex-differences-in-muscle-wasting
#4
Lindsey J Anderson, Haiming Liu, Jose M Garcia
With aging and other muscle wasting diseases, men and women undergo similar pathological changes in skeletal muscle: increased inflammation, enhanced oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, satellite cell senescence, elevated apoptosis and proteasome activity, and suppressed protein synthesis and myocyte regeneration. Decreased food intake and physical activity also indirectly contribute to muscle wasting. Sex hormones also play important roles in maintaining skeletal muscle homeostasis. Testosterone is a potent anabolic factor promoting muscle protein synthesis and muscular regeneration...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223719/physical-activity-and-weight-loss-reduce-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-139-prospective-and-retrospective-studies
#5
Prue J Hardefeldt, Ross Penninkilampi, Senarath Edirimanne, Guy D Eslick
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and weight loss have been shown to reduce breast cancer incidence in numerous observational studies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of both physical activity and weight loss on breast cancer incidence. Specifically, we aimed to complete subgroup analyses by the intensity of physical activity and menopausal status at breast cancer diagnosis to further elucidate the relationship between physical activity, weight loss, and breast cancer incidence...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#6
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222610/characterizing-the-neighborhood-obesogenic-environment-in-the-multiethnic-cohort-a-multi-level-infrastructure-for-cancer-health-disparities-research
#7
Shannon M Conroy, Salma Shariff-Marco, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Myles Cockburn, Yurii B Shvetsov, Christina A Clarke, Cheryl L Abright, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Kristine R Monroe, Lynne R Wilkens, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Iona Cheng
PURPOSE: We characterized the neighborhood obesogenic environment in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) by examining the associations of obesity with attributes of the social and built environment, establishing a multi-level infrastructure for future cancer research. METHODS: For 102,906 African American, Japanese American, Latino, and white MEC participants residing predominately in Los Angeles County, baseline residential addresses (1993-1996) were linked to census and geospatial data, capturing neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), population density, commuting, food outlets, amenities, walkability, and traffic density...
December 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219783/diet-and-other-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-prostate-cancer-differ-between-the-german-and-italian-region-of-switzerland
#8
Aline Richard, David Faeh, Matthias Bopp, Sabine Rohrmann
PURPOSE: In Switzerland, prostate cancer mortality is higher in the German than in the Italian-speaking region. We aimed at exploring the association of living in one of the two regions with lifestyle factors presumably lowering the risk of prostate cancer. METHODS: We pooled data from the Swiss Health Survey, conducted every 5 years 1992 - 2012. Information on diet (meat, fish, dairy, fruits and vegetables), alcohol, smoking, physical activity and body mass index were dichotomized into "risky" and "risk-reducing" lifestyle behaviour with respect to prostate cancer...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217211/mediating-effects-of-cancer-risk-factors-on-the-association-between-race-and-cancer-incidence-analysis-of-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#9
Tomi Akinyemiju, Justin Xavier Moore, Maria Pisu
PURPOSE: Racial disparities exist in the prevalence of cancer-related risk factors and incidence of cancer. The objective of this study is to determine if cancer-related risk factors mediate the association between race and cancer incidence. METHODS: We performed prospective analysis of data from the National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons Diet and Health Study, years 1995 through 2011. We compared differences in baseline characteristics between black and white participants using χ2 tests and Wilcoxon tests, as appropriate...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216311/amelioration-of-sexual-behavior-and-motor-activity-deficits-in-a-castrated-rodent-model-with-a-selective-androgen-receptor-modulator-sarm-2f
#10
Megumi Morimoto, Yuichiro Amano, Masahiro Oka, Ayako Harada, Hisashi Fujita, Yukiko Hikichi, Ryuichi Tozawa, Masuo Yamaoka, Takahito Hara
Sarcopenia and cachexia present characteristic features of a decrease in skeletal muscle mass and strength, anorexia, and lack of motivation. Treatments for these diseases have not yet been established, although selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) are considered as therapeutic targets. We previously reported that a novel SARM compound, SARM-2f, exhibits anabolic effect on muscles, with less stimulatory effect on prostate weight compared with testosterone, in rat Hershberger assays and cancer cachexia models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214834/source-and-size-of-social-support-network-on-sedentary-behavior-among-older-adults
#11
Paul D Loprinzi, Elizabeth A Crush
PURPOSE: To examine the association of source of social support and size of social support network on sedentary behavior among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: 2519 older adults (60+ years). MEASURES: Sedentary behavior was assessed via accelerometry over a 7-day period. Social support was assessed via self-report...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212766/bright-spots-physical-activity-investments-that-work-active-everyday-sheffield-s-physical-activity-service-for-all-people-living-with-and-beyond-cancer
#12
Liam Humphreys, Helen Crank, Gabbi Frith, Helen Speake, Lindsey J Reece
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212431/a-three-year-national-follow-up-study-on-the-development-of-community-level-cancer-rehabilitation-in-denmark
#13
Maria Kristiansen, Lis Adamsen, Karin Piil, Ida Halvorsen, Nanna Nyholm, Carsten Hendriksen
AIMS: Scandinavian cancer care policies emphasise community-level rehabilitation services, but little is known about changes in service provision over time. This follow-up study explores development in these services in Danish municipalities, focusing on availability, utilisation and organisation of services, including existing opportunities and challenges. METHODS: A national survey among all 98 Danish municipalities was conducted in 2013 (baseline) and repeated in 2016 (follow-up)...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207962/a-partially-supervised-physical-activity-program-for-adult-and-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-surfit-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nct02730767
#14
Corina S Rueegg, Susi Kriemler, Simeon J Zuercher, Christina Schindera, Andrea Renner, Helge Hebestreit, Christian Meier, Prisca Eser, Nicolas X von der Weid
BACKGROUND: Beyond survival of nowadays >80%, modern childhood cancer treatment strives to preserve long-term health and quality of life. However, the majority of today's survivors suffer from short- and long-term adverse effects such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, obesity, osteoporosis, fatigue, depression, and reduced physical fitness and quality of life. Regular exercise can play a major role to mitigate or prevent such late-effects. Despite this, there are no data on the effects of regular exercise in childhood cancer survivors from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206770/the-cross-sectional-association-between-chemerin-and-bone-health-in-peri-pre-and-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-epic-potsdam-study
#15
Juliane Menzel, Ronald Biemann, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Matthias B Schulze, Heiner Boeing, Berend Isermann, Cornelia Weikert
OBJECTIVE: Recent in vitro data suggested that the novel adipokine chemerin may influence bone health. However, only limited evidence of the relationship between chemerin and bone health in humans is available. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association between chemerin and broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) in peri/premenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS: Data from the German population-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam cohort comprising 404 peri/premenopausal and 279 postmenopausal women were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205290/clinical-impact-of-sedentary-behaviors-in-adult-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-report-from-the-st-jude-lifetime-cohort-study
#16
Carrie R Howell, Carmen L Wilson, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Robyn E Partin, Sue C Kaste, Jennifer Q Lanctot, Ching-Hon Pui, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kirsten K Ness
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors are associated with poor health outcomes in the general population, but their clinical impact on adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has not been characterized to date. In the current study, we described the prevalence of sedentary behaviors in survivors of ALL and examined associations between time spent sedentary and body composition and onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS: Participants' self-reported screen time (eg, television, computer) and activity as measured by accelerometer were used to determine activity time (sedentary, light activity, and moderate or vigorous physical activity)...
December 4, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203893/phase-ii-prospective-randomized-trial-of-weight-loss-prior-to-radical-prostatectomy
#17
Susanne M Henning, Colette Galet, Kiran Gollapudi, Joshua B Byrd, Pei Liang, Zhaoping Li, Tristan Grogan, David Elashoff, Clara E Magyar, Jonathan Said, Pinchas Cohen, William J Aronson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with poorly differentiated and advanced prostate cancer and increased mortality. In preclinical models, caloric restriction delays prostate cancer progression and prolongs survival. We sought to determine if weight loss (WL) in men with prostate cancer prior to radical prostatectomy affects tumor apoptosis and proliferation, and if WL effects other metabolic biomarkers. METHODS: In this Phase II prospective trial, overweight and obese men scheduled for radical prostatectomy were randomized to a 5-8 week WL program consisting of standard structured energy-restricted meal plans (1200-1500 Kcal/day) and physical activity or to a control group...
December 4, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198334/mind-and-body-practices-for-fatigue-reduction-in-patients-with-cancer-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Nathan Duong, Hailey Davis, Paula D Robinson, Sapna Oberoi, Danielle Cataudella, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Faith Gibson, Miriam Götte, Pamela Hinds, Sanne L Nijhof, Deborah Tomlinson, Patrick van der Torre, Elena Ladas, Sandra Cabral, L Lee Dupuis, Lillian Sung
PURPOSE: To determine whether non-physical activity mind and body practices reduce the severity of fatigue in patients with cancer or hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients compared to control interventions. METHODS: We included randomized trials which compared non-physical activity mind and body practices compared with control interventions for the management of fatigue in cancer and HSCT patients. RESULTS: Among 55 trials (4975 patients), interventions were acupuncture or acupressure (n=12), mindfulness (n=11), relaxation techniques (n=10), massage (n=6), energy therapy (n=5), energizing yogic breathing (n=3) and others (n=8)...
December 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197960/sarcopenia-during-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-oesophageal-cancer-characterising-the-impact-on-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance
#19
Emer M Guinan, S L Doyle, A E Bennett, L O'Neill, J Gannon, J A Elliott, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: Preoperative chemo(radio)therapy for oesophageal cancer (OC) may have an attritional impact on body composition and functional status, impacting postoperative outcome. Physical decline with skeletal muscle loss has not been previously characterised in OC and may be amenable to physical rehabilitation. This study characterises skeletal muscle mass and physical performance from diagnosis to post-neoadjuvant therapy in patients undergoing preoperative chemo(radio)therapy for OC...
December 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193416/healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-practice-of-physical-activity-promotion-in-cancer-care-challenges-and-solutions
#20
M Cantwell, D Walsh, B Furlong, N Moyna, N McCaffrey, L Boran, S Smyth, C Woods
Limited research exists regarding healthcare professionals' knowledge and practice of physical activity promotion for cancer survivors in Ireland. There is also a lack of research identifying the barriers experienced by oncology professionals when promoting physical activity, or referring patients to community-based exercise programmes. This study aims to identify healthcare professionals' knowledge, barriers and practices in relation to physical activity promotion for cancer survivors, and to generate guidance regarding the optimisation of the referral process to community-based exercise programmes...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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