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Pediatric urolithiasis

Mehtap Akbalik Kara, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, Nilgun Col, Ayse Aysima Ozcelik, Mithat Buyukcelik, Ayse Balat
INTRODUCTION: Although preventative nephrology is the effective management of childhood kidney diseases, it is hard to provide it in this undesirable conditions. In this study, we aimed to document the kidney disease profile of Syrian refugee children admitted to our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty Syrian refugee children were admitted to the Pediatric Nephrology Department of the University of Gaziantep from September 2012 to January 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Masato Takeuchi, Hideo Yasunaga, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi
Pediatric urolithiasis associated with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) has not been systematically investigated, including its prevalence, risk estimate, and outcome. Using a national inpatient database in Japan, we searched for children (≤59 months old) who were hospitalized for AGE and those complicated by urolithiasis over a 24-month period. We found 23 cases of urolithiasis among 62,800 children who were hospitalized for AGE (3.7 cases/10,000 AGE admissions). AGE was associated with an increased risk of urolithiasis (odds ratio 2...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
Selcuk Guven, Abbas Basiri, Anil Kumar Varshney, Ibrahim Atilla Aridogan, Hiroyasu Miura, Mark White, Mehmet Kilinc, Jean de la Rosette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of ureteroscopy (URS) in children treated in several hospitals participating in the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) Study, and to present the overall results of pediatric URS compared with adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The CROES Study collected data on consecutive patients treated with URS for urolithiasis at each participating center over a 1-year period. The collected prospective global database includes data for 11,885 patients who received URS at 114 centers in 32 countries...
November 22, 2016: Urology
Ana Catarina Fragoso, Henry Steyaert, Pierre Arnaud, Ciro Esposito, Jose Estevao-Costa, Jean-Stephane Valla
BACKGROUND: In contrast to adult patients, a relatively large number of open surgical procedures are still needed in the treatment of urolithiasis in children. Since almost all open surgical techniques may be reproduced by minimal access surgery (MAS), there is a rationale to apply the latter in the management of pediatric urolithiasis. Our study aimed to assess the feasibility and outcome of MAS in the treatment of pediatric urinary calculi. METHODS: The charts of patients with urolithiasis submitted to MAS between 1994 and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
Gabrielle C Colleran, Michael J Callahan, Harriet J Paltiel, Caleb P Nelson, Bartley G Cilento, Michelle A Baum, Jeanne S Chow
Pediatric urolithiasis is an important and increasingly prevalent cause of pediatric morbidity and hospital admission. Ultrasound (US) is the recommended primary imaging modality for suspected urolithiasis in children. There is, however, widespread use of CT as a first-line study for abdominal pain in many institutions involved in pediatric care. The objective of this review is to outline state-of-the-art imaging modalities and methods for diagnosing urolithiasis in children. The pediatric radiologist plays a key role in ensuring that the appropriate imaging modality is performed in the setting of suspected pediatric urolithiasis...
January 2017: Pediatric Radiology
Vina Tresa, Afshan Yaseen, Ali Asghar Lanewala, Seema Hashmi, Sabeeta Khatri, Irshad Ali, Muhammed Mubarak
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence rates and etiologies of acute kidney injury (AKI) are quite variable in different regions of the world. The current study was planned to determine the etiology, clinical profile, and short-term outcome of pediatric AKI at our hospital. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was carried out from April 2014 to March 2015. All pediatric patients (1 month to ≤15 years) diagnosed as AKI using modified pRIFLE criteria were studied and followed for 3 months to document short-term outcome...
November 2017: Renal Failure
Kiran Imran, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Uzma Ozair, Sadia Khan, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
The goal of this study was to investigate metabolic risk factors in pediatric stone formers in an emerging economy. A prospective, data collection enrolled 250 children age <1-15 years at our center. Risk factors were evaluated by gender and in age groups <1-5, 6-10 and 11-15 years. Patients were evaluated for demographics, blood and 24 h urine for calcium, magnesium, phosphate, uric acid, electrolytes and additional protein, citrate, ammonia and oxalate in urine. All reported values were two sided and statistical significance was considered at p value ≤0...
October 15, 2016: Urolithiasis
Yang Liu, Anniwaer Yasheng, Kang Chen, Chuangxin Lan, Hamulati Tusong, Lili Ou, Yeping Liang, Hans-Göran Tiselius, Guohua Zeng, Wenqi Wu
The Objective of this study is to analyze the difference in renal stone composition between Uyghur and Han children with urolithiasis in China and possible reasons. From May 2011 to September 2013, we analyzed the stone compositions of 274 Chinese children with urolithiasis, including 151 Uyghur children from Xinjiang Province and 123 Han children from Guangdong Province. All the stone components were determined by Infrared spectroscopy and the main components were recorded. We also evaluated the data, including age, gender and geographic region of the patients...
October 15, 2016: Urolithiasis
Mohammad Hossein Soltani, Nasser Simforoosh, Akbar Nouralizadeh, Mehdi Sotoudeh, Mohammad Javad Mollakoochakian, Hamid Reza Shemshaki
PURPOSE: Treatment of pediatric urolithiasis is still on debate. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic pyelolithotomy in five children less than two years old. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five children (less than two years old) with large kidney stones underwent laparoscopic pyelolithotomy. All patients underwent laparoscopic pyelolithotomy via a transperitoneal approach. After medial mobilization of colon and once renal pelvis and ureteropelvic junction were exposed, a longitudinal or circular incision was made on the renal pelvis, depending on the location and shape of the stone...
October 10, 2016: Urology Journal
Erkin Serdaroglu, Mahfuz Aydogan, Kadriye Ozdemir, Mustafa Bak
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis (UL) is a common problem in pediatric nephrology practice. About 9-23% of all pediatric UL cases consist of patients under 1 years old. The aim of the present study was to determine etiologic causes, clinical features and short term prognosis of urolithiasis in the first two years of life. METHODS: Two-hundred children between 0-2 years of age (mean age 10.3±6.1 months) with urolithiasis were included to the study. All children were completely evaluated for urolithiasis etiology...
September 13, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
R Orozco Fariñas, J I Iglesias Prieto, P Pellejero Pérez, J Massarrah Halabi, J M Mancebo, E Pérez-Castro Ellendt
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present article is to summarize the results we obtained treating children with urolithiasis over the last 30 years and to perform an analysis on the basis of the these results and relevant details according to national and international experience. METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive statistical analysis of the 30 year experience in our clinics. The study was performed with a sample size of 178 children treated with urolithiasis that underwent 221 procedures...
September 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Dean G Assimos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Urology
Jian Gao, Fei Wang, Xinyu Kuang, Rong Chen, Jia Rao, Bin Wang, Wenyan Li, Haimei Liu, Qian Shen, Xiang Wang, Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: The illegal use of melamine in powdered baby formula resulted in a widespread outbreak of melamine-associated pediatric urolithiasis and kidney damage in China in 2008. We conducted this study because more needs to be known about the long-term effects of melamine-associated urolithiasis and kidney damage. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognosis and long-term implications of chronic kidney damage in children with urolithiasis resulting from melamine consumption...
July 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Huseyin Celik, Ahmet Camtosun, Ramazan Altintas, Cemal Tasdemir
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric stone disease is a significant health issue which has increased in incidence because of lifestyle changes, dietary habits, and obesity. The incidence of urolithiasis among pediatric age groups varies according to region and is high in Turkey. The management of stone disease in children has improved dramatically over the last two decades. The high success rate of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) have led modern researchers to suggest that it be used as a first-line treatment of kidney stones greater than 2 cm in size...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Brian J Young, Rohit Tejwani, Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Steven Wolf, J Todd Purves, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh
OBJECTIVE: To identify longitudinal trends of economic impact and resource utilization for management of pediatric urolithiasis using national databases. METHODS: We analyzed the 2006-2012 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample and Nationwide Inpatient Sample. We used ICD-9 (International Classification of Diseases) codes to identify patients (≤18 years) diagnosed with urolithiasis. Diagnostic imaging and surgeries were identified using ICD-9 and Current Procedural Technology codes...
August 2016: Urology
Sang Taek Lee, Heeyeon Cho
AIM: The incidence of pediatric urolithiasis has increased over the last century because of dietary changes, metabolic abnormalities, climate change, and genitourinary abnormalities. Data on pediatric urolithiasis in non-endemic countries are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical findings and metabolic etiology of urolithiasis in Korean children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of 73 Korean children who were newly diagnosed with urolithiasis from January 2010 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
July 2016: Renal Failure
Beata Jurkiewicz, Tomasz Zabkowski, Katarzyna Jobs, Joanna Samotyjek, Anna Jung
PURPOSE: To present a combining pyelolithotomy and endoscopy, an alternative approach for treating staghorn calculi in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 1414 children (age, 10 months to 17 years) with urolithiasis between 2009 and 2013 in the Pediatric Surgery Department and in the Pediatrics and Nephrology Department, Military Institute of Medicine in Warsaw. Most patients were treated conservatively. In 162 cases, an extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) procedure was needed...
April 16, 2016: Urology Journal
Andreas Bourdoumis, Athanasios Papatsoris, John G Calleary, Raveendra Surange, Konstantinos Skrepetis, Noor Buchholz, Kemal Sarica
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review was to identify trends and developments in basic research, epidemiology, diagnosis, conservative and surgical management of urinary stone disease, and to demonstrate the evolution of urolithiasis management in the new millennium. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a literature search on Medline according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement up to December 2015 using the following key words: urolithiasis prevalence, recurrent urinary stone, metabolic syndrome and urolithiasis, urinary stone/urolithiasis metabolic evaluation, shockwave lithotripsy, ureterorenoscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy/nephrolitholapaxy...
September 2016: Panminerva Medica
Luana Amancio, Maira Fedrizzi, Nilzete Liberato Bresolin, Maria Goretti Moreira Guimarães Penido
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric urolithiasis has become more prevalent in recent decades, with high recurrence rates and considerable morbidity. Most children with idiopathic urolithiasis have an underlying metabolic abnormality and proper research provides therapeutic interventions to reduce the formation of new stones and its complications. OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and clinical characteristics of pediatric urolithiasis, etiology, treatment management, disease recurrence and patient outcomes in a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
March 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Mehmet Mazhar Utangac, Abdulkadir Tepeler, Mansur Daggulli, Muhammed Tosun, Onur Dede, Abdullah Armagan
OBJECTIVE: To apply urolithiasis scoring systems to the pediatric miniperc procedure and to compare their predictive capability for postoperative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records from 2 referral centers of patients under 18 years of age who had the miniperc procedure between 2010 and 2015 were retrospectively investigated. All patients included in the study were graded by the same surgeon according to Guy's and Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) scoring systems using preoperative imaging methods...
July 2016: Urology
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