keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tilt optical disc

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611153/effects-of-short-term-mild-hypercapnia-during-head-down-tilt-on-intracranial-pressure-and-ocular-structures-in-healthy-human-subjects
#1
Steven S Laurie, Gianmarco Vizzeri, Giovanni Taibbi, Connor R Ferguson, Xiao Hu, Stuart M C Lee, Robert Ploutz-Snyder, Scott M Smith, Sara R Zwart, Michael B Stenger
Many astronauts experience ocular structural and functional changes during long-duration spaceflight, including choroidal folds, optic disc edema, globe flattening, optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) distension, retinal nerve fiber layer thickening, and decreased visual acuity. The leading hypothesis suggests that weightlessness-induced cephalad fluid shifts increase intracranial pressure (ICP), which contributes to the ocular structural changes, but elevated ambient CO2 levels on the International Space Station may also be a factor...
June 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555457/-situs-inversus-of-the-optic-nerve-a-case-report
#2
I Lopez-Cuenca, R de Hoz, E Salobrar-Garcia, B Rojas, A I Ramirez, J J Salazar, A Trivino, J M Ramirez
INTRODUCTION: Situs inversus of the optic nerve is a congenital anomaly characterised by the emergence of the vessels in the retina towards the nose rather than in a temporal direction. It is caused by an anomalous insertion of the optic stalks into the optic vesicle that gives rise to dysversion of the head of the optic nerve. It is not an isolated condition and usually appears jointly with tilted disc syndrome and in patients with myopia. It is characterised by the presence of inferior conus atrophy, deficiencies in the temporal visual field, refraction defects and ambliopy...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551164/multiple-temporal-lamina-cribrosa-defects-in-myopic-eyes-with-glaucoma-and-their-association-with-visual-field-defects
#3
Yu Sawada, Makoto Araie, Makoto Ishikawa, Takeshi Yoshitomi
PURPOSE: To investigate characteristics of lamina cribrosa (LC) defects in myopic eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) using spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-three eyes with OAG and 83 eyes without OAG, with axial length of 24 mm or more. METHODS: Serial enhanced depth imaging SD OCT B-scans of the optic disc were acquired and reviewed for LC defects (diameter, ≥100 μm) and large pores (diameter, 60-100 μm)...
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542289/structural-parameters-associated-with-location-of-peaks-of-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-young-healthy-eyes
#4
Takehiro Yamashita, Ryo Asaoka, Yuya Kii, Hiroto Terasaki, Hiroshi Murata, Taiji Sakamoto
The location of the peaks of the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness is affected by several ocular parameters. In this study, we have generated equations that can determine the peaks of the cpRNFL. This study was a prospective, observational, cross sectional study of 118 healthy right eyes. The axial length, optic disc tilt, superiortemporal (ST)- and inferiortemporal (IT)-peaks of the cpRNFL thickness, and angles of the ST and IT retinal arteries (RA) and veins (RV) were determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495841/lower-body-negative-pressure-decreases-non-invasively-measured-intracranial-pressure-and-internal-jugular-vein-cross-sectional-area-during-head-down-tilt
#5
William Watkins, Alan R Hargens, Shannon Baird, Erika Marie Clary, Brandon R Macias
INTRODUCTION: Long-term space flight induces a near visual acuity change in approximately 50% of astronauts. In some crew members, postflight cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressures by lumbar puncture are as high as 20.9 mmHg who demonstrated optic disc edema. CSF communicates through the cochlear aqueduct to affect perilymphatic pressure and tympanic membrane motion. We hypothesized that 50 mmHg of lower-body negative pressure (LBNP) during 15° head-down tilt (HDT) would mitigate elevations in internal jugular vein cross-sectional area (IJV CSA) and intracranial pressure (ICP)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486730/die-randunscharfe-papille-eine-diagnostische-herausforderung
#6
Julia Biermann, Wolf Alexander Lagrèze
Correct differential diagnosis in cases of blurred optic disc margins is a challenging task for ophthalmologists. The reliable differentiation of pseudopapilloedema and true papilloedema has significant implications for proper patient management. Conditions that give rise to pseudopapilloedema include small crowded discs, tilted discs and optic nerve head drusen. Conditions that cause bilateral true swelling of the optic nerve head with initially good visual acuity include those that are secondary to raised intracranial pressure (optic disc edema, ODE)...
June 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396340/myopic-glaucomatous-eyes-with-or-without-optic-disc-shape-alteration-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Junki Kwon, Kyung Rim Sung, Ji Min Park
AIMS: To compare the clinical courses of patients with myopic primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) with and without optic disc shape alterations. METHODS: In this longitudinal retrospective study, 146 eyes from 146 patients with myopic (axial length(AXL),>24 mm) POAG were classified according to optic disc shape alterations defined by optic disc tilt and/or rotation. Glaucomatous progression was determined by either serial optic disc/retinal nerve fibre layer photographs or visual field (VF) exams...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360122/increased-cerebral-blood-volume-pulsatility-during-head-down-tilt-with-elevated-carbon-dioxide-the-spacecot-study
#8
Gary E Strangman, Quan Zhang, Karina Marshall-Goebel, Edwin Mulder, Brian Stevens, Jonathan B Clark, Eric M Bershad
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS) have exhibited hyperopic shifts, posterior eye globe flattening, dilated optic nerve sheaths, and even optic disc swelling from spaceflight. Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) consequent to cephalad fluid shifts is commonly hypothesized as contributing to these ocular changes. Head-down tilt (HDT) is frequently utilized as an Earth-based analog to study similar fluid shifts. Sealed environments like the ISS also exhibit elevated carbon dioxide (CO2), a potent arteriolar vasodilator that could further affect cerebral blood volume and flow, intracranial compliance, and ICP...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333895/visual-field-defects-in-young-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma-comparison-between-high-tension-and-normal-tension-glaucoma
#9
Ji-Hye Park, Chungkwon Yoo, Jinhwan Park, Yong Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features of young Korean patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG), and to compare visual field (VF) defects between patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and those with high-tension glaucoma (HTG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with OAG younger than 40 years of age were divided into NTG and HTG groups based on untreated intraocular pressure (IOP) level. The patients were matched according to the mean deviation of standard automated perimetry...
June 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282064/predicting-the-risk-of-parafoveal-scotoma-in-myopic-normal-tension-glaucoma-role-of-optic-disc-tilt-and-rotation
#10
M S Sung, H Heo, Y S Ji, S W Park
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to evaluate the factors associated with development of parafoveal scotoma in early myopic normal tension glaucoma (NTG).Patients and methodsNinety-nine myopic NTG patients with mean deviation (MD) >-6.0 decibels (dB) were enrolled. Parafoveal scotoma was defined as a visual field (VF) defect within 10° of fixation with at least one point at P<1% lying at the four innermost central points. Systemic factors, optic disc characteristics including tilt ratio, rotation degree, β-zone parapapillary atrophy, disc hemorrhage, and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) thickness parameters using optical coherence tomography were evaluated...
March 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221329/relationship-between-anterior-lamina-cribrosa-surface-tilt-and-glaucoma-development-in-myopic-eyes
#11
Eun Jung Lee, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the anterior lamina cribrosa (LC) surface tilt angle in myopic eyes and associate it with glaucoma development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of myopic patients referred for glaucoma examination from July 1, 2012 to March 30, 2016 were reviewed. Comprehensive ophthalmic examination including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were performed. We measured the angle of anterior LC surface tilt against Bruch's membrane opening from optical coherence tomography images at the center of the clinical optic disc margin...
May 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178303/differentiation-of-glaucomatous-optic-discs-with-different-appearances-using-optic-disc-topography-parameters-the-glaucoma-stereo-analysis-study
#12
Masaki Tanito, Koji Nitta, Maki Katai, Yasushi Kitaoka, Yu Yokoyama, Kazuko Omodaka, Toru Nakazawa
The Glaucoma Stereo Analysis Study (GSAS) is a multicenter collaborative study of the characteristics of glaucomatous optic disc morphology using a stereo fundus camera. Using GSAS dataset, the formulas for predicting different glaucomatous optic disc appearances were established. The GSAS dataset containing three-dimensionally-analyzed optic disc topographic parameters from 187 eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma was assessed with discrimination analyses to obtain formulas predictive of glaucomatous optic disc appearances: focal ischemic (FI); generalized enlargement (GE), myopic glaucomatous (MY), and senile sclerotic (SS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125859/visual-field-assessment-in-high-myopia-with-and-without-tilted-optic-disc
#13
Nasser Shoeibi, Nasrin Moghadas Sharif, Ramin Daneshvar, Asieh Ehsaei
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the effect of the tilted optic disc on the visual field in highly myopic eyes. METHODS: A total of 58 eyes from 58 highly myopic individuals underwent detailed ophthalmic examination and were categorised into two groups according to the presence of a tilted optic disc. The visual field of 20 eyes (mean age of 28.95 ± 7.22 years) with tilted optic discs were compared with 38 eyes (mean age of 27.87 ± 6.08 years) of control subjects without tilted optic discs using the 30-2 SITA standard protocol with a Humphrey Field Analyzer - HFA II-i...
January 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114308/association-of-myopic-deformation-of-optic-disc-with-visual-field-progression-in-paired-eyes-with-open-angle-glaucoma
#14
Yu Sawada, Masanori Hangai, Makoto Ishikawa, Takeshi Yoshitomi
PURPOSE: The influence of myopia on glaucoma progression remains unknown, possibly because of the multifactorial nature of glaucoma and difficulty in assessing a solo contribution of myopia. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of myopia with visual field (VF) progression in glaucoma using a paired-eye design to minimize the influence of confounding systemic factors that are diverse among individuals. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 144 eyes of 72 subjects with open-angle glaucoma, with similar intra-ocular pressure between paired eyes, spherical equivalent (SE) ≤ -2 diopter (D), and axial length ≥ 24 mm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003787/pseudoduplication-of-the-optic-disc-in-moderate-myopia
#15
Zeynep Eylül Ercan, Aylin Karalezli, Gokcen Coban
We report a case of optic disc pseudoduplication without pathological myopia. A 79-year-old woman presented with gradually decreased vision. Fundus examination showed macular drusen in both eyes and subretinal haemorrhage in the left eye. Both optic discs appeared to be tilted and the left optic disc was seen to be inferiorly duplicated. Pseudodoubling of the optic discs can be caused by optic disc and peripapillary chorioretinal colobomas and pathological myopia. Considering that our patient did not have enough axial length to merit a diagnosis of pathological myopia and no pathological fundus lesions typical of elongated sclera, we suggest that acquired pseudoduplication is not a condition unique to pathological myopia, but can occur in all myopic patients...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935604/ocular-characteristics-associated-with-the-location-of-focal-lamina-cribrosa-defects-in-open-angle-glaucoma-patients
#16
H-Yl Park, Y S Hwang, C K Park
PurposeTo investigate the clinical characteristics according to the location of focal lamina cribrosa (LC) defects and its associated ocular features.Patients and methodsA total of 139 open-angle glaucoma patients underwent Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) with enhanced depth imaging. Alterations in the contour of the LC were investigated to find focal LC defects. The location of the visible LC defect from the neural canal wall (far-peripheral and mid-peripheral) and clock-hour position (superotemporal, temporal and inferotemporal) were classified...
April 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898445/pathologic-myopia
#17
REVIEW
Kyoko Ohno-Matsui
Pathologic myopia (PM) is the only myopia that causes the loss of best-corrected visual acuity. The main reason for best-corrected visual acuity loss is complications specific to PM, such as myopic maculopathy, myopic traction maculopathy, and myopic optic neuropathy (or glaucoma). The meta-analyses of the PM study group (META-PM study) made a classification system for myopic maculopathy. On the basis of this study, PM has been defined as eyes having atrophic changes equal to or more severe than diffuse atrophy...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837279/optic-disc-and-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-characteristics-associated-with-glaucomatous-optic-disc-in-young-myopia
#18
Jong Eun Lee, Kyung Rim Sung, Ji Min Park, Joo Young Yoon, Sung Yong Kang, Sung Bae Park, Hyung Jin Koo
PURPOSE: To explore optic disc and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) features associated with glaucomatous optic disc (GOD) in young myopia. METHODS: Presence of GOD, optic disc tilt, and disc torsion were determined using fundus photographs. If the measured disc tilt ratio was >1.3, the optic disc was classified as tilted. Optic disc torsion was defined as a >15° deviation in the long axis of the optic disc from the vertical meridian. The average and four quadrants RNFL thicknesses were assessed using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)...
March 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796669/vertical-asymmetry-of-lamina-cribrosa-tilt-angles-using-wide-bandwidth-femtosecond-mode-locked-laser-oct-effect-of-myopia-and-glaucoma
#19
Takuhei Shoji, Hiroto Kuroda, Masayuki Suzuki, Hisashi Ibuki, Makoto Araie, Shin Yoneya
PURPOSE: Morphological features of the lamina cribrosa (LC) and optic disc may be important in the pathogenesis of glaucoma and myopic neuropathy. We therefore performed a cross-sectional study of patients with glaucoma and myopic neuropathy to evaluate vertical asymmetry of LC tilt angles (LCTAs) from Bruch's membrane opening (BMO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six control eyes and 35 primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes were included. A raster scanning protocol with 300 single B-scans (without averaging) were obtained using optical coherence tomography with a wide-bandwidth, femtosecond mode-locked (ML) laser...
January 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755347/optic-disc-characteristics-and-visual-field-progression-in-normal-tension-glaucoma-patients-with-tilted-optic-discs
#20
Youngkyo Kwun, Gyule Han, Yoon-Jung Choy, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the optic disc characteristics associated with visual field (VF) progression in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) eyes with tilted optic discs. METHODS: Sixty-six eyes of 66 NTG patients with tilted optic disc were included in this cross-sectional study, who were examined by at least 5 Humphrey 30-2 VFs. Glaucomatous VF progression was evaluated using pointwise linear regression. Optic nerve heads were scanned with enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and evaluated for the focal lamina cribrosa (LC) defects and LC thicknesses...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
keyword
keyword
48451
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"