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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520477/minimum-stocking-requirements-for-retailers-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-disparities-across-us-states
#1
Jennifer E Pelletier, Liana R N Schreiber, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVES: To examine state variation in minimum stocking requirements for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)-authorized small food retailers. METHODS: We obtained minimum stocking requirements for 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2017 from WIC Web pages or e-mail from the state WIC agency. We developed a coding protocol to compare minimum quantities and varieties required for 12 food and beverage categories. We calculated the median, range, and interquartile range for each measure...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514999/severe-hypovitaminosis-d-in-active-tuberculosis-patients-and-its-predictors
#2
Qiuzhen Wang, Yufeng Liu, Yan Ma, Lei Han, Mei Dou, Yue Zou, Limei Sun, Hong Tian, Tongxia Li, Guofeng Jiang, Baoli Du, Tingyan Kou, Jiaqi Song, Frans J Kok, Evert G Schouten
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tuberculosis (TB) patients have a significant vitamin D deficiency (VDD) endemic, which may be closely related to the onset and progress of the disease. The comorbidity of diabetes (DM) and TB has posed an increasing challenge in recent years. However, the influence of DM on TB and the possible mechanism are still uncertain. We carried out this study to identify the nutritional status of vitamin D (VD) in TB patients in a northern city in China (latitude 36° N) and investigate the possible predictors of severe vitamin D deficiency (SVDD)...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507012/dietary-factors-promoting-brown-and-beige-fat-development-and-thermogenesis
#3
REVIEW
Meshail Okla, Jiyoung Kim, Karsten Koehler, Soonkyu Chung
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a specialized fat tissue that has a high capacity to dissociate cellular respiration from ATP utilization, resulting in the release of stored energy as heat. Adult humans possess a substantial amount of BAT in the form of constitutively active brown fat or inducible beige fat. BAT activity in humans is inversely correlated with adiposity, blood glucose concentrations, and insulin sensitivity; this suggests that strategies aimed at BAT-mediated bioenergetics are an attractive therapeutic target in combating the continuing epidemic of obesity and diabetes...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505087/the-effect-of-diet-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
REVIEW
Jacek Rysz, Beata Franczyk, Aleksandra Ciałkowska-Rysz, Anna Gluba-Brzózka
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high and it is gradually increasing. Individuals with CKD should introduce appropriate measures to hamper the progression of kidney function deterioration as well as prevent the development or progression of CKD-related diseases. A kidney-friendly diet may help to protect kidneys from further damage. Patients with kidney damage should limit the intake of certain foods to reduce the accumulation of unexcreted metabolic products and also to protect against hypertension, proteinuria and other heart and bone health problems...
May 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501979/endocrine-cells-producing-peptide-hormones-in-the-intestine-of-nile-tilapia-distribution-and-effects-of-feeding-and-fasting-on-the-cell-density
#5
Raquel Tatiane Pereira, Thaiza Rodrigues de Freitas, Izabela Regina Cardoso de Oliveira, Leandro Santos Costa, Fabricio Andrés Vigliano, Priscila Vieira Rosa
Endocrine cells (ECs) act as a luminal surveillance system responding to either the presence or absence of food in the gut through the secretion of peptide hormones. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of feeding and fasting on the EC peptide-specific distribution along the intestine of Nile tilapia. We assessed the density of ECs producing gastrin (GAS), cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in nine segments of the intestine using immunohistochemistry...
May 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499851/effects-of-nutritional-status-on-physiological-stress-response-in-prussian-carp-carassius-auratus-gibelio-and-largemouth-bass-micropterus-salmoides
#6
Danli Jiang, Yubo Wu, Di Huang, Xing Ren, Yan Wang
Prussian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) were fed to satiation or fasted for 28 days, and then subjected to an acute handling stress. Following the feeding and fasting periods, hepatosomatic index (HSI) and proximate composition was analyzed. Plasma biochemical factors, contents of brain energy substrates, liver glycogen content and enzyme activities of liver glucose metabolism were analyzed after stress during a 24 h cycle. Prussian carp had lower crude lipid and higher ash, but largemouth bass only displayed lower HSI after fasting...
May 9, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493486/pansteatitis-in-polluted-olifants-river-impoundments-nutritional-perspectives-on-fish-in-a-eutrophic-lake-lake-loskop-south-africa
#7
K D A Huchzermeyer, S Woodborne, G Osthoff, A Hugo, A C Hoffman, H Kaiser, J C A Steyl, J G Myburgh
This study compares the aetiology of pansteatitis in Lake Loskop, relative to two other impoundments along the Olifants River. Macroscopic and microscopic pathology, age determination and analysis of stomach content, fatty acids and stable isotopes explain the high prevalence of pansteatitis in Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters) and several other species in Lake Loskop. All the dietary indicator comparisons between pansteatitis-affected and healthy fish fail to support a systemic cause. Pansteatitis in Lake Loskop was linked to size and weight of O...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492176/morphological-re-description-and-phylogenetic-relationship-of-five-myxosporean-species-of-the-family-myxobolidae-infecting-nile-tilapia
#8
Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Sherein Maher, Al-Mahy El-Mallah, Saleh Al Quraishy, Heinz Mehlhorn
Freshwater fish have a major economic and nutritional importance worldwide. Myxosporeans are highly dangerous parasites that infect different fish species, causing severe damage to a large number of economically important species, especially in aquaculture. We conducted a survey of myxosporean parasites infecting Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) collected from different localities along the River Nile passing through Giza province, Egypt. Out of 100 fish specimens collected, 45 were found to be naturally infected with these parasites in the region of the trunk kidney...
May 11, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490967/comparative-study-of-fatty-acid-composition-of-table-eggs-from-the-jeddah-food-market-and-effect-of-value-addition-in-omega-3-bio-fortified-eggs
#9
Shahida Aziz Khan, Aziz Khan, Sarah A Khan, Mohd Amin Beg, Ashraf Ali, Ghazi Damanhouri
Health consciousness has increased the desire of people around the world to consume functional foods. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are one among these beneficial and important health supplements without which a general predisposition to degenerative and stress related disorders can occur. Saudi Arabia has shown an alarming increase in obesity (Al-Nozha et al., 2005), diabetes (Alqurashi et al., 2011), and cardiovascular disease (Al-Nozha et al., 2004) in the last few decades mainly due to nutritional transitions and lifestyle alterations (Amuna and Zotor, 2008)...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490516/the-positive-impact-of-general-vitamin-d-food-fortification-policy-on-vitamin-d-status-in-a-representative-adult-finnish-population-evidence-from-an-11-y-follow-up-based-on-standardized-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-data
#10
Tuija Jääskeläinen, Suvi T Itkonen, Annamari Lundqvist, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Tapani Koskela, Kaisa Lakkala, Kirsten G Dowling, George Lj Hull, Heikki Kröger, Jaro Karppinen, Eero Kyllönen, Tommi Härkänen, Kevin D Cashman, Satu Männistö, Christel Lamberg-Allardt
Background: A systematic vitamin D fortification of fluid milk products and fat spreads was started in 2003 in Finland to improve vitamin D status. Objective: We investigated the effects of the vitamin D fortification policy on vitamin D status in Finland between 2000 and 2011.Design: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [S-25(OH)D] concentrations of a nationally representative sample comprising 6134 and 4051 adults aged ≥30 y from the Health 2000 and Health 2011 surveys, respectively, were standardized according to the Vitamin D Standardization Program with the use of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483512/changes-in-free-amino-acid-content-during-naupliar-development-of-the-calanoid-copepod-acartia-tonsa
#11
Thomas Allan Rayner, Niels Ole Gerslev Jørgensen, Guillaume Drillet, Benni Winding Hansen
Changes in free amino acids (FAA) were investigated in the potentially important live feed and neritic copepod species Acartia tonsa during naupliar development. Total content of FAA in A. tonsa nauplii was around 17% of dry weight at first development stage, and declined to 6% for later stages. Relative to body-volume and biomass, the FAA content indicated possible volume-dependent changes. However, changes in FAA with osmolytic activity could not account for this decline in FAA content, but suggests that the decline reflected degradation of residual FAAs from the embryonic stage...
May 5, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482294/association-between-fish-consumption-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-persistent-organic-pollutants-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-in-18-first-nations-in-ontario-canada
#12
Lesya Marushka, Malek Batal, William David, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Donald Sharp, Andrew Black, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: First Nations (FNs) populations in Canada experience a disproportionally higher rate of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to the general population. Recent data suggest that a high consumption of fish may help prevent T2D. On the other hand, fish might also be a potential source of environmental contaminants which could potentially be a risk factor for T2D. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential associations between self-reported T2D and consumption of locally-harvested fish, dietary long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FAs) and persistent organic pollutants intake among adult FNs living on reserve in Ontario...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480144/transcriptome-assembly-and-candidate-genes-involved-in-nutritional-programming-in-the-swordtail-fish-xiphophorus-multilineatus
#13
Yuan Lu, Charlotte M Klimovich, Kalen Z Robeson, William Boswell, Oscar Ríos-Cardenas, Ronald B Walter, Molly R Morris
BACKGROUND: Nutritional programming takes place in early development. Variation in the quality and/or quantity of nutrients in early development can influence long-term health and viability. However, little is known about the mechanisms of nutritional programming. The live-bearing fish Xiphophorus multilineatus has the potential to be a new model for understanding these mechanisms, given prior evidence of nutritional programming influencing behavior and juvenile growth rate. We tested the hypotheses that nutritional programming would influence behaviors involved in energy homeostasis as well gene expression in X...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475653/a-long-term-retrospective-study-on-rehabilitation-of-seabirds-in-gran-canaria-island-spain-2003-2013
#14
Natalia Montesdeoca, Pascual Calabuig, Juan A Corbera, Jorge Orós
AIMS: The aims of this study were to analyze the causes of morbidity and mortality in a large population of seabirds admitted to the Tafira Wildlife Rehabilitation Center (TWRC) in Gran Canaria Island, Spain, from 2003 to 2013, and to analyze the outcomes of the rehabilitation process. METHODS: We included 1,956 seabirds (133 dead on admission and 1,823 admitted alive) in this study. Causes of morbidity were classified into nine categories: light pollution (fallout), fishing gear interaction, crude oil, poisoning/intoxication, other traumas, metabolic/nutritional disorder, orphaned young birds, other causes, and unknown/undetermined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475451/postmortem-findings-in-cetaceans-found-stranded-in-the-pelagos-sanctuary-italy-2007-2014
#15
Federica Giorda, Marco Ballardini, Giovanni Di Guardo, Maria Domenica Pintore, Carla Grattarola, Barbara Iulini, Walter Mignone, Maria Goria, Laura Serracca, Katia Varello, Alessandro Dondo, Pier Luigi Acutis, Fulvio Garibaldi, Frine Eleonora Scaglione, Andrea Gustinelli, Sandro Mazzariol, Cristina Esmeralda Di Francesco, Cristiana Tittarelli, Cristina Casalone, Alessandra Pautasso
Between 2007 and 2014, 83 cetaceans were found stranded along the Ligurian coast of Italy, in the Pelagos Sanctuary, the largest marine protected area in the Mediterranean basin. Forty-nine (59%) were submitted to complete or partial necropsy, depending on the conservation status of the carcass. Based on gross and histological pathology and ancillary testing, the cause of death was determined and categorized as anthropogenic or natural (i.e., nonanthropogenic) in origin for 33 animals (67%) and of undetermined origin in the remaining 16 (33%)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471956/reduced-maternal-calcium-intake-through-nutrition-and-supplementation-is-associated-with-adverse-conditions-for-both-the-women-and-their-infants-in-a-chinese-population
#16
Xiaohong Liu, Xinjia Wang, Yue Tian, Zhixin Yang, Li Lin, Qing Lin, Zhonghao Zhang, Li Li
Effective nutritional guidelines for pregnant women in China are lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary nutrition on the health condition of pregnant women and infants in China.In total, 331 pregnant women who had prenatal examinations were included in this study. Data, including dietary nutrition questionnaires, the weight, height, age, and health condition of the pregnant women as well as the health condition of the infants, were recorded.The average intake of milk, poultry and meat, fish and prawns, eggs, and bean products were 297...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463095/dietary-sources-and-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-affecting-vitamin-d-and-calcium-intakes-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#17
Cristina Julián, Theodora Mouratidou, Germán Vicente-Rodriguez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Jara Valtueña, Marcela González-Gross, Marika Ferrari, Frederic Gottrand, Yannis Manios, Alejandro de la O, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Molnár, Antonios Kafatos, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Marc J Gunter, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, Inge Huybrechts
OBJECTIVE: To investigate dietary sources of Ca and vitamin D (VitD) intakes, and the associated sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, among European adolescents. DESIGN: Linear regression mixed models were used to examine sex-specific associations of Ca and VitD intakes with parental education, family affluence (FAS), physical activity and television (TV) watching while controlling for age, Tanner stage, energy intake and diet quality. SETTING: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA)Cross-Sectional Study...
May 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462737/comparison-of-food-consumption-in-indian-adults-between-national-and-sub-national-dietary-data-sources
#18
Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Mehroosh Tak, Rosemary Green, Sanjay Kinra, Andy Haines
Accurate data on dietary intake are important for public health, nutrition and agricultural policy. The National Sample Survey is widely used by policymakers in India to estimate nutritional outcomes in the country, but has not been compared with other dietary data sources. To assess relative differences across available Indian dietary data sources, we compare intake of food groups across six national and sub-national surveys between 2004 and 2012, representing various dietary intake estimation methodologies, including Household Consumption Expenditure Surveys (HCES), FFQ, food balance sheets (FBS), and 24-h recall (24HR) surveys...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462206/formulation-and-shelf-life-of-fish-burgers-served-to-preschool-children
#19
Giorgio Smaldone, Raffaele Marrone, Tiziana Zottola, Lucia Vollano, Giulio Grossi, Maria Luisa Cortesi
Consumer is very careful about healthiness; in this context nutritionists often highlight the importance of fish for human nutrition because of their protein and fatty acid composition. In order to stimulate utilisation and consumption of fish species by unusual target groups such as children, the aim of this research was to formulate and to evaluate shelf-life and nutritional values of fish preparations stored in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Fish species used for trail were Trachurus trachurus and Oncorhynchus mykiss fished and farmed in Basilicata region respectively...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460965/nutritive-values-flavor-amino-acids-healthcare-fatty-acids-and-flesh-quality-improved-by-manganese-referring-to-up-regulating-the-antioxidant-capacity-and-signaling-molecules-tor-and-nrf2-in-the-muscle-of-fish
#20
Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Ren-Jun Tang, Yang Liu, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Jun Jiang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
Flesh quality, amino acid and fatty acid composition, antioxidant status and related molecule expression in fish muscle were estimated by feeding grass carp with diets containing 3.65-27.86mg/kg diet of manganese (Mn) for 8weeks. Results demonstrated that optimal Mn increased toughness, collagen content, and pH, and decreased the cooking loss, and cathepsin B and L activities to enhance the flesh quality of fish. Meanwhile, optimal Mn increased the protein, lipid, the total essential amino acid (AA) (especially umami AA), and healthcare fatty acids, C18: 1c+t, C20: 3n-3, C20: 4 and DHA contents...
November 2016: Food Research International
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