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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044897/a-comparison-of-dietary-estimates-from-the-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-survey-to-food-and-beverage-purchase-data
#1
Emma McMahon, Thomas Wycherley, Kerin O'Dea, Julie Brimblecombe
OBJECTIVE: We compared self-reported dietary intake from the very remote sample of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (VR-NATSINPAS; n=1,363) to one year of food and beverage purchases from 20 very remote Indigenous Australian communities (servicing ∼8,500 individuals). METHODS: Differences in food (% energy from food groups) and nutrients were analysed using t-test with unequal variance. RESULTS: Per-capita energy estimates were not significantly different between the surveys (899 MJ/person/day [95% confidence interval -152,1950] p=0...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039295/effects-of-feeding-low-fishmeal-diets-with-increasing-soybean-meal-levels-on-growth-gut-histology-and-plasma-biochemistry-of-sea-bass
#2
E Bonvini, A Bonaldo, L Mandrioli, R Sirri, F Dondi, C Bianco, R Fontanillas, F Mongile, P P Gatta, L Parma
The aquaculture industry depends upon the development of sustainable protein sources to replace fishmeal (FM) in aquafeeds and the products derived from soybeans are some of the most studied plant feedstuffs. A key area of investigation for continuing to improve modern aquafeeds includes the evaluation of varying proportions and combinations of plant ingredients to identify mixtures that are more efficiently utilized by the fish. This study investigated the effects of increasing soybean meal (SBM) by replacing a mix of plant ingredients in low FM (20%) diets on growth, blood biochemistry profile and gut histology on European sea bass...
October 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039050/the-protective-effect-of-fish-oil-lipid-emulsions-on-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-in-a-rat-model-of-short-bowel-syndrome
#3
Seiro Machigashira, Tatsuru Kaji, Shun Onishi, Waka Yamada, Keisuke Yano, Koji Yamada, Ryuta Masuya, Takafumi Kawano, Kazuhiko Nakame, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Pediatric patients with intestinal failure need long-term parenteral nutrition (PN), but this nutritional support causes liver dysfunction, such as intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). Several studies have shown that the lipid emulsion produced by soybean oil (SO) is associated with the occurrence of IFALD. In this study, we evaluated the effect of SO and fish oil (FO) lipid emulsion on hepatic steatosis. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent jugular vein catheterization and were divided into three groups: sham operation with normal chow (Sham group), 80% small bowel resection (80% SBR) + TPN with SO lipid emulsion (SO group), and 80% SBR + TPN with FO lipid emulsion (FO group)...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038146/use-of-metabolomics-in-improving-assessment-of-dietary-intake
#4
REVIEW
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Nutritional metabolomics is rapidly evolving to integrate nutrition with complex metabolomics data to discover new biomarkers of nutritional exposure and status. CONTENT: The purpose of this review is to provide a broad overview of the measurement techniques, study designs, and statistical approaches used in nutrition metabolomics, as well as to describe the current knowledge from epidemiologic studies identifying metabolite profiles associated with the intake of individual nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025396/a-description-of-the-gross-pathology-of-drowning-and-other-causes-of-mortality-in-seabirds
#5
Victor R Simpson, David N Fisher
BACKGROUND: Mortality of seabirds due to anthropogenic causes, especially entrapment in fishing gear, is a matter of increasing international concern. This study aimed at characterising the gross pathology of seabirds that drowned in fishing nets and comparing it with that in other common causes of mortality. RESULTS: Post-mortem examinations were performed on 103 common guillemots, 32 razorbills, 37 shags and 5 great northern divers found stranded in Cornwall during 1981-2016...
October 12, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020939/a-transcriptomic-approach-to-study-the-effect-of-long-term-starvation-and-diet-composition-on-the-expression-of-mitochondrial-oxidative-phosphorylation-genes-in-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata
#6
Jonás I Silva-Marrero, Alberto Sáez, Albert Caballero-Solares, Ivan Viegas, María Pilar Almajano, Felipe Fernández, Isabel V Baanante, Isidoro Metón
BACKGROUND: The impact of nutritional status and diet composition on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in fish remains largely unknown. To identify biomarkers of interest in nutritional studies, herein we obtained a deep-coverage transcriptome by 454 pyrosequencing of liver and skeletal muscle cDNA normalised libraries from long-term starved gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and fish fed different diets. RESULTS: After clean-up of high-throughput deep sequencing reads, 699,991 and 555,031 high-quality reads allowed de novo assembly of liver and skeletal muscle sequences, respectively (average length: 374 and 441 bp; total megabases: 262 and 245 Mbp)...
October 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019135/dige-analysis-of-fish-tissues
#7
Joanna Nynca, Mariola A Dietrich, Andrzej Ciereszko
Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) appears to be especially useful in quantitative approaches, allowing the co-separation of proteins of control samples from proteins of treatment/disease samples on the same gel, eliminating gel-to-gel variability. The principle of 2D-DIGE is to label proteins prior to isoelectric focusing and use three spectrally resolvable fluorescent dyes, allowing the independent labeling of control and experimental samples. This procedure makes it possible to reduce the number of gels in an experiment, allowing the accurate and reproducible quantification of multiple samples...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018423/the-microbiome-of-seriola-lalandi-of-wild-and-aquaculture-origin-reveals-differences-in-composition-and-potential-function
#8
Carolina Ramírez, Jaime Romero
Seriola lalandi is an economically important species that is globally distributed in temperate and subtropical marine waters. Aquaculture production of this species has had problems associated with intensive fish farming, such as disease outbreaks or nutritional deficiencies causing high mortalities. Intestinal microbiota has been involved in many processes that benefit the host, such as disease control, stimulation of the immune response, and the promotion of nutrient metabolism, among others. However, little is known about the potential functionality of the microbiota and the differences in the composition between wild and aquacultured fish...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016304/hair-mercury-level-is-associated-with-anemia-and-micronutrient-status-in-children-living-near-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-mining-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#9
Caren Weinhouse, Ernesto J Ortiz, Axel J Berky, Paige Bullins, John Hare-Grogg, Laura Rogers, Ana-Maria Morales, Heileen Hsu-Kim, William K Pan
Anemia has been widely studied in global health contexts because of severe nutritional deficiency, and more recently, inflammatory status, but chemical exposures are rarely considered. Until recently, "anemia" was used synonymously with "iron deficiency anemia (IDA)" in global health settings. However, only 50% of anemia cases worldwide are IDA. Environmental toxicology studies of anemia risk have generally focused on populations in developed countries, albeit with high exposure to environmental toxicants, such as lead or cadmium...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991186/relationships-among-environment-climate-and-longevity-in-china
#10
Yi Huang, Mark Rosenberg, Lingli Hou, Mengjin Hu
Human longevity is influenced by environment and nutrition. We considered environmental and nutritional factors relating to longevity in Chinese cities. We found higher 85+/65+ distribution ratios, indicating enhanced longevity, in the coastal and southern regions of China. These areas also featured higher humidity, low standard deviation of monthly temperature, higher levels of selenium (Se) distribution in soil, and greater sea fish consumption. Moderate climate is more conducive to longevity, however, there is no significant difference in longevity between different sub-climatic types within moderate climate; the relation between humidity and longevity is not always positive, the relation between altitude and longevity is not always negative...
October 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990379/effects-of-neutral-phytase-on-growth-performance-and-phosphorus-utilization-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#11
Xin-Zheng Nie, Sha Chen, Xiao-Xu Zhang, Bin-Yang Dai, Li-Chun Qian
A feeding trial was conducted for nine weeks to investigate the effects of partially replacing Ca(H2PO4)2 with neutral phytase on the growth performance, phosphorus utilization, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters, bone and carcass mineral composition, and digestive-enzyme-specific activity in crucian carp (Carassius auratus). The diets prepared with 0.8%, 0%, and 1.8% Ca(H2PO4)2 (1%=1 g/100 g) supplements were regarded as the P1E0, negative control (NC), and positive control (PC) groups, respectively; the other three experimental diets were prepared with the addition of 200, 300, and 500 U/kg of neutral phytase, respectively, based on the P1E0 group...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987256/liver-disease-in-patients-on-total-parenteral-nutrition
#12
REVIEW
Arnab Mitra, Joseph Ahn
Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) spectrum ranges from liver enzyme abnormalities to steatosis to fibrosis, and, eventually, cirrhosis from total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The pathophysiology is postulated to be multifactorial. Diagnosis in adults is primarily by exclusion, eliminating other causes of chronic liver disease or cirrhosis, and other factors seen in critically ill or postoperative patients on TPN. Principal treatment is avoiding TPN. If this is not feasible, research supports fish oil-based lipid emulsions in TPN formulations to reduce risk and progression of PNALD...
November 2017: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978678/pufa-status-and-methylmercury-exposure-are-not-associated-with-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-mothers-or-their-children-in-the-seychelles-child-development-study
#13
Alison J Yeates, Sally W Thurston, Huiqi Li, Maria S Mulhern, Emeir M McSorley, Gene E Watson, Conrad F Shamlaye, J J Strain, Gary J Myers, Philip W Davidson, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Karin Broberg
Background: Leukocyte telomere length (TL) is associated with age-related diseases and early mortality, but there is a lack of data on the determinants of TL in early life. Evidence suggests that dietary intake of marine n-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is protective of telomere attrition, yet the effect of methylmercury exposure, also found in fish, on TL is unknown.Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between prenatal PUFA status, methylmercury exposure, and TL in mothers and children in the SCDS (Seychelles Child Development Study), for whom fish consumption is high...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975454/dutch-food-bank-recipients-have-poorer-dietary-intakes-than-the-general-and-low-socioeconomic-status-dutch-adult-population
#14
J E Neter, S C Dijkstra, A L M Dekkers, M C Ocké, M Visser, I A Brouwer
PURPOSE: Food-assistance program users are a specific group of nutritional concern, as they are often food insufficient and have poorer diet quality compared to non-food-assistance program users. The aim of our study was to assess dietary intake of Dutch food bank recipients (n = 167) and to compare this with dietary intake of a representative sample of the general population (Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS-all): n = 1933), including a low-socioeconomic status (SES) sample (DNFCS-low SES: n = 312), using data from the DNFCS 2007-2010...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974951/nutritional-immunity-triggers-the-modulation-of-iron-metabolism-genes-in-the-sub-antarctic-notothenioid-eleginops-maclovinus-in-response-to-piscirickettsia-salmonis
#15
Danixa Martínez, Ricardo Oyarzún, Juan Pablo Pontigo, Alex Romero, Alejandro J Yáñez, Luis Vargas-Chacoff
Iron deprivation is a nutritional immunity mechanism through which fish can limit the amount of iron available to invading bacteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the modulation of iron metabolism genes in the liver and brain of sub-Antarctic notothenioid Eleginops maclovinus challenged with Piscirickettsia salmonis. The specimens were inoculated with two P. salmonis strains: LF-89 (ATCC(®) VR-1361™) and Austral-005 (antibiotic resistant). Hepatic and brain samples were collected at intervals over a period of 35 days...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971444/correlations-between-nutrition-habits-anxiety-and-metabolic-parameters-in-greek-healthy-adults
#16
Stavroula Lambrinakou, Maria Efthymia Katsa, Sofia Zyga, Anastasios Ioannidis, Athanasios Sachlas, Georgios Panoutsopoulos, Anna Maria Pistikou, Maria Magana, Dafni Eleni Kougioumtzi Dimoligianni, Petros Kolovos, Andrea Paola Rojas Gil
BACKGROUND: Anxiety combined with nervousness and apprehension consist a focal response to different life conditions. Lifestyle habits, anxiety and biochemical markers are in a constant interaction. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of anxiety in healthy adults and its possible association with biochemical factors-lipid profile, liver markers, thyroid hormones-and lifestyle habits. METHODS: Quantitative descriptive correlation study. A total of 100 healthy adults participated in the research...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971287/glycemic-response-after-glucose-oral-administration-of-wild-juvenile-red-grouper-epinephelus-morio-fed-two-different-diets
#17
A Castillo, A Alvarez, G Cuzon, J Suárez, G Gaxiola
Epinephelus morio is a large carnivorous species of the Caribbean Sea under reproduction in captivity and nutritional physiology. A diet with raw cornstarch (RCS) was compared to a basal diet without starch (basal) to measure plasma glucose, liver glycogen, and intermediary metabolism. Glucose level did not change (p > 0.05) whereas liver glycogen was significantly higher in fish fed the RCS diet (137.2 ± 14.5 mg g(-1)) than in fish fed the basal diet (87.4 ± 14.5 mg g(-1)). Oral glucose administration (170 mg glucose per 100 g body weight) yielded a slight change; two peaks of plasma glucose were recorded with basal (5...
October 3, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965514/parental-nutritional-programming-and-a-reminder-during-juvenile-stage-affect-growth-lipid-metabolism-and-utilisation-in-later-developmental-stages-of-a-marine-teleost-the-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata
#18
Serhat Turkmen, Maria J Zamorano, Hipólito Fernández-Palacios, Carmen M Hernández-Cruz, Daniel Montero, Lidia Robaina, Marisol Izquierdo
Nutrition during periconception and early development can modulate metabolic routes to prepare the offspring for adverse conditions through a process known as nutritional programming. In gilthead sea bream, replacement of fish oil (FO) with linseed oil (LO) in broodstock diets improves growth in the 4-month-old offspring challenged with low-FO and low-fishmeal (FM) diets for 1 month. The present study further investigated the effects of broodstock feeding on the same offspring when they were 16 months old and were challenged for a second time with the low-FM and low-FO diet for 2 months...
October 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965211/fatty-acid-composition-and-contents-of-seven-commercial-fish-species-of-genus-coregonus-from-russian-subarctic-water-bodies
#19
Michail I Gladyshev, Nadezhda N Sushchik, Olesia N Makhutova, Larisa A Glushchenko, Anastasia E Rudchenko, Alexander A Makhrov, Elena A Borovikova, Yury Y Dgebuadze
In several Russian northern lakes and rivers, Arctic cisco Coregonus autumnalis, least cisco C. sardinella, peled C. peled, tugun C. tugun, broad whitefish C. nasus, whitefish C. lavaretus and vendace C. albula were sampled in periods of officially permitted commercial fishery. Special attention was paid to contents (mg g(-1) of wet weight) of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in muscle tissues (filets), which are essential for human nutrition. The highest values of EPA + DHA content in semi-anadromous fish and freshwater fish were recorded for C...
September 30, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962884/lipid-accumulation-oxidative-stress-and-immune-related-molecules-affected-by-tributyltin-exposure-in-muscle-tissues-of-rare-minnow-gobiocypris-rarus
#20
Jiliang Zhang, Chunnuan Zhang, Dongdong Ma, Min Liu, Shuntao Huang
Tributyltin (TBT) is reported to induce adipogenesis in fish, which might affect nutritional qualities and health status. Muscle tissues account for the majority of body mass, and have been described as a major site of fat deposition and an immunologically active organ. Therefore, the present study aims to evaluate whether chronic exposures of TBT, at environmental concentrations of 1, 10 and 100 ng/L, affects lipid accumulation, oxidative stress and immune status in muscle tissues of rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus)...
September 28, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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