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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636949/cloning-expression-and-nutritional-regulation-of-the-glutamine-synthetase-gene-in-ctenopharyngodon-idellus
#1
Rong Hu, Fufa Qu, Jianzhou Tang, Qiong Zhao, Jinpeng Yan, Zhigang Zhou, Yi Zhou, Zhen Liu
Glutamine synthetase (GS) is considered a master enzyme that catalyses ATP-dependent biosynthesis of glutamine from glutamate. In the present study, the GS gene was cloned from the intestine of grass carp, (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). The full-length cDNA sequence of GS encodes a 371-amino-acid polypetide. Phylogenetic analysis of the C. idellus GS sequence reveals common carp (Cyprinus carpio) as its closest neighbor. GS mRNA was differentially expressed in different tissues, with high to low gradient expression the intestine, brain, muscle, heart, gill, liver, pituitary gland, and spleen...
June 18, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636615/family-living-sets-the-stage-for-cooperative-breeding-and-ecological-resilience-in-birds
#2
Michael Griesser, Szymon M Drobniak, Shinichi Nakagawa, Carlos A Botero
Cooperative breeding is an extreme form of cooperation that evolved in a range of lineages, including arthropods, fish, birds, and mammals. Although cooperative breeding in birds is widespread and well-studied, the conditions that favored its evolution are still unclear. Based on phylogenetic comparative analyses on 3,005 bird species, we demonstrate here that family living acted as an essential stepping stone in the evolution of cooperative breeding in the vast majority of species. First, families formed by prolonging parent-offspring associations beyond nutritional independency, and second, retained offspring began helping at the nest...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630699/nutritional-correlates-of-monetary-diet-cost-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-women
#3
Keiko Shiraki, Kentaro Murakami, Hitomi Okubo, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Studies in many Western countries have consistently shown that monetary diet cost is positively associated with diet quality, but this may not necessarily be the case in Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the nutritional correlates of monetary diet cost among 3963 young (all 18 years old), 3800 middle-aged (mean age 48 years) and 2211 older (mean age 74 years) Japanese women. Dietary intakes were assessed using a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire for young and middle-aged women and a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older women...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624933/influence-of-food-consumption-patterns-and-galician-lifestyle-on-human-gut-microbiota
#4
María Castro-Penalonga, Paula Roca-Saavedra, Jose Manuel Miranda, Jose Julio Porto-Arias, Carolina Nebot, Alejandra Cardelle-Cobas, Carlos Manuel Franco, Alberto Cepeda
The proportion of different microbial populations in the human gut is an important factor that in recent years has been linked to obesity and numerous metabolic diseases. Because there are many factors that can affect the composition of human gut microbiota, it is of interest to have information about what is the composition of the gut microbiota in different populations in order to better understand the possibilities for improving nutritional management. A group of 31 volunteers were selected according to established inclusion and exclusion criteria and were asked about their diet history, lifestyle patterns, and adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618837/fish-and-meat-are-often-withheld-from-the-diets-of-infants-6-to-12-months-in-fish-farming-households-in-rural-bangladesh
#5
Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Natalie Valpiani, Rumana Akter, Md Abdul Baten, Sven Genschick, Manjurul Karim, Shakuntala H Thilsted
BACKGROUND: Fish is a widely available animal-source food in Bangladesh and a rich source of nutrients, yet little is known about practices related to incorporating fish into the diets of infants and young children. OBJECTIVE: Use dietary diversity data to explore consumption patterns of fish and high-quality food items within the household and examine factors associated with delayed introduction of fish to infants and young children. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 496 households with children <36 months participating in the Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition project in Bangladesh...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614390/fatty-acid-profiles-of-five-farmed-brazilian-freshwater-fish-species-from-different-families
#6
Bruna Leal Rodrigues, Anna Carolina Vilhena da Cruz Silva Canto, Marion Pereira da Costa, Flávio Alves da Silva, Eliane Teixeira Mársico, Carlos Adam Conte-Junior
The proximate composition and fatty acid (FA) profiles of five Brazilian freshwater fish species, namely Brycon cephalus (BC), Cichla ocellaris (CO), Prochilodus lineatus (PL), Leporinus friderici (LF) and Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (PCO), were investigated. CO and LF exhibited the highest (p < 0.05) moisture content, as well as one of the lowest (p < 0.05) lipid values, whereas BC presented the lowest (p < 0.05) moisture and, alongside PL, the highest (p < 0.05) lipid content. The predominant FAs in the evaluated fish species were palmitic, oleic, linoleic and docosahexaenoic acids...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#7
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607657/the-impact-of-educational-intervention-on-physical-activity-nutrition-and-laboratory-parameters-in-type-ii-diabetic-patients
#8
Aghbabak Maheri, Maryam Asnaashari, Hamid Joveini, Azar Tol, Ali Asghar Firouzian, Alireza Rohban
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases that is now widely spread around the world, and day by day the number of patients is increasing. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of educational intervention on physical activity, nutrition and laboratory parameters in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: This semi-experimental study was performed from March to October 2015 on 100 patients with type 2 diabetes who referred to the Niknejad health center...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603896/dietary-pattern-associated-with-frailty-results-from-nutrition-and-health-survey-in-taiwan
#9
Yen-Li Lo, Yao-Te Hsieh, Li-Lin Hsu, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether dietary patterns are associated with frailty phenotypes in an elderly Taiwanese population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT), 2014-2016. PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized Taiwanese nationals aged 65 years and older enrolled in the NAHSIT (N = 923). MEASUREMENTS: Dietary intake was assessed using a 79-item food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603153/collaborating-with-alaska-native-communities-to-design-a-cultural-food-intervention-to-address-nutrition-transition
#10
Jennifer Nu, Andrea Bersamin
BACKGROUND: To address changing dietary patterns and declining dietary quality in indigenous communities, there is growing interest in implementing interventions that promote nutrient-dense, culturally important foods. OBJECTIVES: To describe formative research and an ongoing collaborative process to design a multilevel nutrition inter vention-Neqa Elicarvigmun or the Fish-to-School (F2S) Program-that reconnects students to their local food system in a remote Yup'ik community in Western Alaska...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601459/in-vitro-response-to-epa-dpa-and-dha-comparison-of-effects-on-ruminal-fermentation-and-biohydrogenation-of-18-carbon-fatty-acids-in-cows-and-ewes
#12
P G Toral, G Hervás, D Carreño, H Leskinen, A Belenguer, K J Shingfield, P Frutos
The modulation of milk fat nutritional quality through fish oil supplementation seems to be largely explained by the action of n-3 very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on ruminal biohydrogenation (BH) of C18 fatty acids (FA). However, relationships among this action, disappearance of those PUFA in the rumen, and potential detrimental consequences on ruminal fermentation remain uncertain. This study compared the effect of 20:5n-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid; EPA), 22:5n-3 (docosapentaenoic acid; DPA), and 22:6n-3 (docosahexaenoic acid; DHA) on rumen fermentation and BH of C18 FA and was conducted simultaneously in cows and sheep to provide novel insights into interspecies differences...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599662/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-an-enteral-formulation-designed-to-improve-gastrointestinal-tolerance-in-the-critically-ill-patient-the-spirit-trial
#13
Stephan M Jakob, Lukas Bütikofer, David Berger, Michael Coslovsky, Jukka Takala
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is frequent in patients in intensive care units (ICU) and is associated with discomfort and complications and may increase the length of stay and nursing workload. METHODS: This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled single-center pilot study to assess the incidence and frequency of diarrhea and the respective effects of a modified enteral diet (intervention: Peptamen® AF, rich in proteins, medium chain triglycerides and fish oil) compared to a standard diet (control: Isosource® Energy) in 90 randomized adult patients (intervention, n = 46; control, n = 44) with an ICU stay ≥5 days and tube feeding ≥3 days...
June 10, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598848/synaptic-membrane-synthesis-in-rats-depends-on-dietary-sufficiency-of-vitamin-c-vitamin-e-and-selenium-relevance-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Mehmet Cansev, Mesut Turkyilmaz, John W C Sijben, Cansu Sevinc, Laus M Broersen, Nick van Wijk
Chronic consumption of a diet enriched with nutritional precursors of phospholipids, including uridine and the polyunsaturated fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), was shown previously to enhance levels of brain phospholipids and synaptic proteins in rodents. Vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium may directly affect the breakdown or synthesis of membrane phospholipids. The present study investigated the necessity of antioxidants for the effectiveness of supplementation with uridine plus DHA and EPA (as fish oil) in rats...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596227/outcomes-with-perioperative-fat-emulsions-containing-omega-3-fatty-acid-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Hye Jung Bae, Gwan Young Lee, Jong-Mi Seong, Hye Sun Gwak
PURPOSE: Results of a meta-analysis of data from clinical studies comparing patient outcomes and hospital length of stay (LOS) in surgical patients receiving fish oil (FO)-containing i.v. fat emulsions (IVFEs) versus non-FO-containing IVFEs are presented. METHODS: Computerized searches of the MEDLINE, Embase, and Coch rane CENTRAL databases were performed in August 2014 to identify English-language articles on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing FO-containing and non-FO-containing IVFEs in adult surgical patients receiving parenteral nutrition...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595795/relationship-between-arsenic-and-selenium-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-inorganic-arsenic
#16
Beata Janasik, Anna Zawisza, Beata Malachowska, Wojciech Fendler, Magdalena Stanislawska, Renata Kuras, Wojciech Wasowicz
The interaction between arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) has been one of the most extensively studied. The antagonism between As and Se suggests that low Se status plays an important role in aggravating arsenic toxicity in diseases development. The objective of this study was to assess the Se contents in biological samples of inorganic As exposed workers (n=61) and in non-exposed subjects (n=52). Median (Me) total arsenic concentration in urine of exposed workers was 21.83μg/g creat. (interquartile range (IQR) 15...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592517/consumption-of-fish-is-not-associated-with-risk-of-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-study
#17
Raul Zamora-Ros, Jazmín Castañeda, Sabina Rinaldi, Valerie Cayssials, Nadia Slimani, Elisabete Weiderpass, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Kim Overvad, Anne K Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Tilman Kühn, Verena Katzke, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Carlo La Vecchia, Anastasia Kotanidou, Domenico Palli, Sara Grioni, Amalia Mattiello, Rosario Tumino, Veronica Sciannameo, Eiliv Lund, Susana Merino, Elena Salamanca-Fernández, Pilar Amiano, José María Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Ulrika Ericson, Martin Almquist, Joakim Hennings, Maria Sandström, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Julie A Schmidt, Amanda J Cross, Elio Riboli, Augustin Scalbert, Isabelle Romieu, Antonio Agudo, Silvia Franceschi
Background: Differentiated thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine cancer. Fish can be an important source of iodine and other micronutrients and contaminants that may affect the thyroid gland and TC risk.Objective: We prospectively evaluated the relations between the consumption of total fish and different fish types and shellfish and TC risk in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) study.Methods: EPIC is a cohort of >500,000 men and women, mostly aged 35-70 y, who were recruited in 10 European countries...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591308/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-respiratory-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-paraguay-2012
#18
Sarita Aguirre, Celia Martínez Cuellar, María Belén Herrero, Gustavo Chamorro Cortesi, Nilda Gimenez de Romero, Mirian Alvarez, Jose Ueleres Braga
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of respiratory symptoms and confirmed tuberculosis (TB) among indigenous groups in Paraguay is unknown. METHODS: This study assessed the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, confirmed pulmonary TB, and associated socio-economic factors among indigenous Paraguayan populations. Indigenous persons residing in selected communities were included in the study. A total of 24,352 participants were interviewed at home between October and December 2012...
July 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590423/a-novel-technique-for-sterilization-using-a-power-self-regulated-single-mode-microwave-cavity
#19
Juan D Reverte-Ors, Juan L Pedreño-Molina, Pablo S Fernández, Antonio J Lozano-Guerrero, Paula M Periago, Alejandro Díaz-Morcillo
In this paper, a novel technique to achieve precise temperatures in food sterilization has been proposed. An accurate temperature profile is needed in order to reach a commitment between the total removal of pathogens inside the product and the preservation of nutritional and organoleptic characteristics. The minimal variation of the target temperature in the sample by means of a monitoring and control software platform, allowing temperature stabilization over 100 °C, is the main goal of this work. A cylindrical microwave oven, under pressure conditions and continuous control of the microwave supply power as function of the final temperature inside the sample, has been designed and developed with conditions of single-mode resonance...
June 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587108/compliance-with-nutritional-and-lifestyle-recommendations-in-13-000-patients-with-a-cardiometabolic-disease-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#20
Solia Adriouch, Hélène Lelong, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Julia Baudry, Aurélie Lampuré, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Léopold K Fezeu
BACKGROUND: A healthy diet has been shown to prevent cardiovascular diseases complications. The objective of this study was to assess dietary intakes and compliance with nutritional and lifestyle recommendations in French adults diagnosed with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia or cardiovascular disease compared with healthy individuals. METHODS: Data was collected from 26,570 subjects aged 35 to 70 years (13,285 patients and 13,285 controls matched by sex and age) of the French cohort NutriNet-Santé...
May 26, 2017: Nutrients
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