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Fish nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675821/integrated-effect-of-nutrients-from-a-recirculation-aquaponic-system-and-foliar-nutrition-on-the-yield-of-tomatoes-solanum-lycopersicum-l-and-solanum-pimpinellifolium
#1
Mariel Gullian Klanian, Mariana Delgadillo Diaz, Javier Aranda, Carolina Rosales Juárez
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of tomato plants to efficiently use the nitrogen (N) of a recirculation aquaponic system (RAS) and to evaluate the effects of foliar fertilization as a complement to the water nutrition on the growth of the two tomato cultivars. The significant effect of six macro- and seven micronutrients was evaluated on the plant growth and on the fruit yield. Two experiments were performed in a nutrient film aquaponic unit. The first experiment was designed to study the effects of foliar fertilization on the seedlings of two tomato cultivars Costoluto Genovese (CG) (Solanum lycopersicum L...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673542/maternal-nutritional-supplementation-with-fish-oil-and-or-leucine-improves-hepatic-function-and-antioxidant-defenses-and-minimizes-cachexia-indexes-in-walker-256-tumor-bearing-rats-offspring
#2
Natália Angelo da Silva Miyaguti, Sarah Christine Pereira de Oliveira, Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes
In this study, we hypothesized that throughout the pregnancy/weaning period, nutritional supplementation with leucine (which improves protein synthesis) and/or fish oil (rich in omega-3, which modulates oxidative stress) can minimize/improve cachexia-induced damage in rat offspring. Thus, we investigated the maternal supplementation with these nutrients over the modulation of cachexia index and liver function in tumor-bearing rats offspring. Pregnant rats were fed control, leucine, omega-3, and leucine/omega-3 diets, which were given throughout the gestational and weaning periods...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673139/effect-of-fortification-with-fish-pseudophycis-bachus-powder-on-nutritional-quality-of-durum-wheat-pasta
#3
Ajay S Desai, Margaret A Brennan, Charles S Brennan
This paper investigates the nutraceutical (phenolic content and antioxidant activity) and nutritional potential (protein and starch digestibility) of supplementation of durum wheat semolina with 5&ndash;20% fish powder ( Pseudophycis bachus ). In general, all enriched pasta with fish powder showed a significant decrease ( p < 0.05) in reducing sugar released during an in vitro digestion, and reductions in standardized area under the curve (AUC) values, compared to control pasta. The potentially bioaccessible fraction of pasta enriched with 20% fish powder (FP) was characterized as having a 177&ndash;191% increase in phenolic content and a 145&ndash;556% higher antiradical activity...
April 17, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666542/development-of-gluten-free-fish-pseudoplatystoma-corruscans-patties-by-response-surface-methodology
#4
Mara C Romero, Ricardo A Fogar, Fabiana Rolhaiser, Verónica V Clavero, Ana M Romero, María A Judis
The goal of this study was to develop a fish-based product suitable for people with celiac disease. Water and gluten-free flours (rice, corn, amaranth or quinoa) were added to improve cooking yield, texture parameters and as an aid in improving quality attributes such as taste and juiciness. Cooking yields of patties containing gluten-free flours were higher than control and maximum values ranged between 91 and 93%. Hardness was higher in patties made with amaranth or quinoa flour, whereas cohesiveness and springiness were higher in patties made with corn and rice flour, respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662032/cardiovascular-related-outcomes-in-u-s-adults-exposed-to-lead
#5
Emmanuel Obeng-Gyasi, Rodrigo X Armijos, M Margaret Weigel, Gabriel M Filippelli, M Aaron Sayegh
Cardiovascular-related clinical markers were evaluated in this cross-sectional study of United States adults (aged ≥ 20) exposed to lead via the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2008 and the 2009-2010 datasets. In four quartiles of exposure-0-2 μg/dL, 2-5 μg/dL, 5-10 μg/dL, and 10 μg/dL and over, clinical and anthropometric markers were evaluated-to examine how the markers manifested in the quartiles. Associations were determined via linear regression. Finally, clinical makers, and how they manifested between exposed and less-exposed occupations, were explored in addition to how duration of exposure altered these clinical markers...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660895/rheological-characterization-of-an-in-vitro-model-for-salmonid-chyme-to-quantify-changes-in-feed-composition
#6
Mark Schumann, Alexander Brinker, Christian Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Developments in the production of aquacultural salmonid feeds in the last 20 years have led to extruded diets with extremely low water content and a shift from mainly marine fish based ingredients towards plant content. These changes expose the industry to the vagaries of the highly dynamic plant protein market. Resulting variations in the precise composition of aqua feeds may carry unpredictable consequences for water quality, since some plant ingredients cause undesirable reductions in the mechanical stability of faeces...
April 12, 2018: Biorheology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655472/considerations-for-treatment-of-large-zoologic-collections-fish
#7
REVIEW
Claire D Erlacher-Reid
Aquatic species live most or all their lives in water; therefore, the health of the environment is intimately connected to their health and medical care. Understanding and maintaining appropriate husbandry and nutrition for the housed aquarium species are essential to sustain health. Most diseases of fish are secondary opportunistic infections; prevention and early diagnosis are recommended. Treatments involve environmental and/or nutritional management first, followed by targeted pharmacologic treatment to control a specific pathogen...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649182/applications-of-microalgal-biotechnology-for-disease-control-in-aquaculture
#8
REVIEW
Patai Charoonnart, Saul Purton, Vanvimon Saksmerprome
Aquaculture industries, and in particular the farming of fish and crustaceans, are major contributors to the economy of many countries and an increasingly important component in global food supply. However, the severe impact of aquatic microbial diseases on production performance remains a challenge to these industries. This article considers the potential applications of microalgal technology in the control of such diseases. At the simplest level, microalgae offer health-promoting benefits as a nutritional supplement in feed meal because of their digestibility and high content of proteins, lipids and essential nutrients...
April 12, 2018: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644218/nutrition-in-the-bin-a-nutritional-and-environmental-assessment-of-food-wasted-in-the-uk
#9
Karen A Cooper, Tom E Quested, Helene Lanctuit, Diane Zimmermann, Namy Espinoza-Orias, Anne Roulin
The UK currently has the most detailed, directly measured data for food wasted in the home. This includes information on the exact types of food wasted. These data allow calculation of the nutrients within that waste, as well as its environmental impact. The results progress the conversation beyond how much food is wasted or its energy content; it permits the implications for nutrition and sustainability to be assessed in detail. Data for UK household food waste were expressed as an average waste per capita for each type of food...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643271/japan-diet-intake-changes-serum-phospholipid-fatty-acid-compositions-in-middle-aged-men-a-pilot-study
#10
Yuri Shijo, Chizuko Maruyama, Eri Nakamura, Rena Nakano, Mitsuha Shima, Asumi Mae, Yuuna Okabe, Sunmi Park, Noriko Kameyama, Satomi Hirai
AIM: The Japan Diet nutritional education program effects on serum fatty acid compositions for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men brought up in the westernized dietary environment of modern Japan were examined. METHODS: Thirty-three men, 30-49 years of age, attended a nutrition education class and were recommended to consume Japan Diet volumes (more fish, soybeans and soy products, vegetables, seaweed, konjak, mushrooms, and unrefined cereals and less animal fat, meat and poultry with fat, sweets, desserts and snacks, and alcoholic drinks) for 6 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627546/differential-contribution-of-animal-and-vegetable-food-items-on-persistent-organic-pollutant-serum-concentrations-in-spanish-adults-data-from-bioambient-es-project
#11
Juan Pedro Arrebola, Argelia Castaño, Marta Esteban, Mónica Bartolomé, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Juan José Ramos
Diet is considered the main source of Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) exposure in the general population, although there are still several gaps of knowledge regarding the differential contribution of main food groups. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns that contribute to human exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs). Study population (n=1880, 18-65years old) was recruited during 2009-2010 in all the main geographical areas of Spain...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625864/dietary-intakes-of-branched-chained-amino-acid-and-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-the-harbin-cohort-study-on-diet-nutrition-and-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-study
#12
Akinkunmi Paul Okekunle, Xiaoyan Wu, Wei Duan, Rennan Feng, Ying Li, Changhao Sun
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) intakes and risk for type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed in 1,804 people with type 2 diabetes and 7,020 controls with information on nutrient intakes, including BCAAs derived from Chinese food composition tables. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns (DPs) and multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of type 2 diabetes, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by quartiles of BCAAs were estimated using logistic regression with 2-sided p<0...
December 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625242/soya-saponins-induce-intestinal-inflammation-and-barrier-dysfunction-in-juvenile-turbot-scophthalmus-maximus
#13
Min Gu, Qian Jia, Zhiyu Zhang, Nan Bai, Xiaojie Xu, Bingying Xu
Soybean meal-induced enteritis (SBMIE) is a well-described condition in the distal intestine (DI) of several cultured fish species, but the exact cause is still unclear. The work on Atlantic salmon and zebrafish suggested soya-saponins, as heat-stable anti-nutritional factors in soybean meal, are the major causal agents. However, this conclusion was not supported by the research on some other fish, such as gilthead sea bream and European sea bass. Our previous work proved that soybean could induce SBMIE on turbot and the present work aimed to investigate whether soya-saponins alone could cause SBMIE and the effects of soya-saponins on the intestinal barrier function in juvenile turbot...
April 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621579/diet-composition-and-serum-levels-of-selenium-species-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Tommaso Filippini, Bernhard Michalke, Lauren A Wise, Carlotta Malagoli, Marcella Malavolti, Luciano Vescovi, Chiara Salvia, Annalisa Bargellini, Sabina Sieri, Vittorio Krogh, Margherita Ferrante, Marco Vinceti
Selenium is a trace element of both nutritional and toxicological interest, depending on its dose and chemical form. Diet is the primary source of exposure for most individuals. We sought to investigate the influence of food intake on serum levels of selenium species. Among fifty subjects randomly selected from a Northern Italian population, we assessed dietary habits using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. We also measured circulating levels of selenium species in serum using high pressure liquid chromatography associated with inductively-coupled plasma dynamic reaction cell mass spectrometer...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614009/nutrition-labelling-use-and-higher-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-results-from-the-disa-umh-study
#15
Eva María Navarrete-Muñoz, Laura Torres-Collado, Desirée Valera-Gran, Sandra Gonzalez-Palacios, Laura María Compañ-Gabucio, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Manuela García-de-la-Hera
The aim of this study was to identify determinants of the nutrition labelling (NL) use and explore its association with the adherence to Mediterranean Diet (MD) in Spanish health university students. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data from 1026 university students aged 17-35 years enrolled in the DiSA-UMH (Dieta, Salud y Antropometría-Universidad Miguel Hernández) cohort study. Students were asked about their NL use by the following question: "Do you usually read the nutrition labelling of packaged foods?" (No, Yes)...
April 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606444/thermally-processed-diet-greatly-affects-profiles-of-amino-acids-rather-than-fatty-acids-in-the-muscle-of-carnivorous-silurus-meridionalis
#16
Zhimin Zhang, Weitong Xu, Rong Tang, Li Li, Mohamed M Refaey, Dapeng Li
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of thermally processed diet (TD) on the muscle nutritional values of southern catfish in two experiments (named E1 and E2). Compared to non-thermally processed diet (ND), TD did not significantly affect proximate composition of southern catfish, but increased moisture content and decreased protein content in E1. Meanwhile, it had no effect on overall fatty acid profiles of the catfish rich in PUFA. Southern catfish had high proportions of indispensable amino acids (IAA, 44...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604537/chronic-exposure-to-low-environmental-concentrations-and-legal-aquaculture-doses-of-antibiotics-cause-systemic-adverse-effects-in-nile-tilapia-and-provoke-differential-human-health-risk
#17
Samwel M Limbu, Li Zhou, Sheng-Xiang Sun, Mei-Ling Zhang, Zhen-Yu Du
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics used globally to treat human and animal diseases exist ubiquitously in the environment at low doses because of misuse, overdose and poor absorption after ingestion, coupled with their high-water solubility and degradation resistance. However, the systemic chronic effects of exposure to low environmental concentrations of antibiotics (LECAs) and legal aquaculture doses of antibiotics (LADAs) in fish and their human health risk are currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the in vivo chronic effects of exposure to LECAs and LADAs using oxytetracycline (OTC) and sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and their human health risk...
March 27, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602089/women-s-asset-ownership-and-children-s-nutritional-status-evidence-from-papua-new-guinea
#18
Yana van der Meulen Rodgers, Alice Louise Kassens
This study examines how women's asset ownership is associated with children's nutritional status in Papua New Guinea, a country with some of the most severe child malnutrition in the world. The 2009-2010 Household Income and Expenditure Survey is employed, but restricted to children under the age of 72 months living with married mothers, leaving a final analytic sample of 1651. Asset ownership is expected to strengthen mothers' income-generating capacity and their bargaining power within the home, which increases investments in children's health...
March 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601848/food-safety-using-nmr-based-metabolomics-assessment-of-the-atlantic-bluefin-tuna-thunnus-thynnus-from-the-mediterranean-sea
#19
Tiziana Cappello, Alessia Giannetto, Vincenzo Parrino, Giuseppe De Marco, Angela Mauceri, Maria Maisano
Seafood is a valuable component of human diet because of its nutritional properties. The Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus is a scombroid fish highly appreciated as seafood worldwide. Being a top pelagic predator, concerns have been raised over human health risks due to its consumption. Therefore, herein it was comprehensively evaluated the health status and potential metabolite shifts between sexes of bluefin tuna from the Mediterranean Sea, proved to bioaccumulate environmental obesogens, namely polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) at hepatic level...
March 27, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587831/childhood-fish-oil-supplementation-modifies-associations-between-traffic-related-air-pollution-and-allergic-sensitisation
#20
Anna L Hansell, Ioannis Bakolis, Christine T Cowie, Elena G Belousova, Kitty Ng, Christina Weber-Chrysochoou, Warwick J Britton, Stephen R Leeder, Euan R Tovey, Karen L Webb, Brett G Toelle, Guy B Marks
BACKGROUND: Studies of potential adverse effects of traffic related air pollution (TRAP) on allergic disease have had mixed findings. Nutritional studies to examine whether fish oil supplementation may protect against development of allergic disease through their anti-inflammatory actions have also had mixed findings. Extremely few studies to date have considered whether air pollution and dietary factors such as fish oil intake may interact, which was the rationale for this study. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS) birth cohort, where children were randomised to fish oil supplementation or placebo from early life to age 5 years...
March 27, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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