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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925141/nutritional-interventions-that-slow-the-age-associated-decline-in-renal-function-in-a-canine-geriatric-model-for-elderly-humans
#1
J A Hall, M Yerramilli, E Obare, M Yerramilli, K S Panickar, G Bobe, D E Jewell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of feeding traditional and renal protective foods (RPF) supplemented with functional food bioactives on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), lean body percent (LB%), and selected circulating biomarker and metabolite concentrations in a geriatric dog model. DESIGN: Randomized block design and cross-sectional study. SETTING: Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc. dog colony. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-one geriatric dogs (mean age, 10...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923448/fit-with-good-fat-the-role-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-exercise-performance
#2
REVIEW
Mariasole Da Boit, Angus M Hunter, Stuart R Gray
N-3 PUFA (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are a family of fatty acids mainly found in oily fish and fish oil supplements. The effects of n-3 PUFA on health are mainly derived from its anti-inflammatory proprieties and its influence on immune function. Lately an increased interest in n-3 PUFA supplementation has reached the world of sport nutrition, where the majority of athletes rely on nutrition strategies to improve their training and performance. A vast amount of attention is paid in increasing metabolic capacity, delaying the onset of fatigue, and improving muscle hypertrophy and neuromuscular function...
January 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917321/effects-of-arachidonic-acid-supplementation-in-maturation-diet-on-female-reproductive-performance-and-larval-quality-of-giant-river-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#3
Chanpim Kangpanich, Jarunan Pratoomyot, Nisa Siranonthana, Wansuk Senanan
The giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) is one of the most farmed freshwater crustaceans in the world. Its global production has been stalling in the past decade due to the inconsistent quality of broodstock and hatchery-produced seeds. A better understanding of the role of nutrition in maturation diets will help overcome some of the production challenges. Arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6, ARA) is a fatty acid precursor of signaling molecules important for crustacean reproduction, prostaglandins E and F of the series II (PGE2 and PGF2α), and is often lacking in maturation diets of shrimp and prawns...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911874/effects-of-dietary-vitamin-e-deficiency-on-systematic-pathological-changes-and-oxidative-stress-in-fish
#4
Kaiyu Wang, Erlong Wang, Zhenyang Qin, Zhen Zhou, Yi Geng, Defang Chen
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin E deficiency on systematic pathological changes and oxidative stress in fish. A total of 320 healthy common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were randomized into four groups; the control group was fed a basal diet supplemented with 100 IUkg-1 of vitamin E, while the three experimental groups were fed the same basal diet with reduced vitamin E content (0, 25, or 50 IUkg-1). Findings showed that fish in the experimental groups mainly presented with sekoke disease, exophthalmia, leprnorthsis, and ascites...
November 30, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905882/plasticity-in-growth-of-farmed-and-wild-atlantic-salmon-is-the-increased-growth-rate-of-farmed-salmon-caused-by-evolutionary-adaptations-to-the-commercial-diet
#5
Alison Catherine Harvey, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Eva Troianou, Gary Robert Carvalho, Martin Ian Taylor, Simon Creer, Lise Dyrhovden, Ivar Helge Matre, Kevin Alan Glover
BACKGROUND: Domestication of Atlantic salmon for commercial aquaculture has resulted in farmed salmon displaying substantially higher growth rates than wild salmon under farming conditions. In contrast, growth differences between farmed and wild salmon are much smaller when compared in the wild. The mechanisms underlying this contrast between environments remain largely unknown. It is possible that farmed salmon have adapted to the high-energy pellets developed specifically for aquaculture, contributing to inflated growth differences when fed on this diet...
December 1, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905863/associations-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-selenium-content-and-mercury-levels-in-wild-harvested-fish-from-the-dehcho-region-northwest-territories-canada
#6
Ellen S Reyes, Juan J Aristizabal Henao, Katherine M Kornobis, Rhona M Hanning, Shannon E Majowicz, Karsten Liber, Ken D Stark, George Low, Heidi K Swanson, Brian D Laird
To better understand the risks and benefits of eating wild-harvested fish from the Northwest Territories, Canada, levels of total mercury (HgT) and selenium (Se) and composition of omega-3 fatty acid (n-3 FA) were measured in muscle tissue of fish harvested from lakes in the Dehcho Region, Northwest Territories, Canada. Average HgT levels ranged from 0.057 mg/kg (cisco) to 0.551 mg/kg (northern pike), while average n-3 FA concentrations ranged from 101 mg/100 g (burbot) to 1,689 mg/100 g (lake trout). In contrast to HgT and n-3 FA, mean Se concentrations were relatively similar among species...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904853/effects-of-postoperative-parenteral-nutrition-with-different-lipid-emulsions-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery
#7
Seher Demirer, Ali Sapmaz, Ahmet Serdar Karaca, Ilknur Kepenekci, Semih Aydintug, Deniz Balci, Pinar Sonyurek, Kenan Kose
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the effects of total parenteral nutrition (PN) using different lipid emulsions in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: Fifty-two patients were randomized to receive soybean oil + medium chain triglycerides (MCT) (group I), soybean oil + olive oil (group II), soybean oil + olive oil + fish oil (group III) as a lipid source. PN was started on postoperative day 1 and patients were maintained on PN for a minimum period of 4 days...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902774/intravenous-treatment-with-a-long-chain-omega-3-lipid-emulsion-provides-neuroprotection-in-a-murine-model-of-ischemic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#8
Dirk Berressem, Konrad Koch, Nicole Franke, Jochen Klein, Gunter P Eckert
Single long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)) are known for their neuroprotective properties associated with ischemic stroke. This pilot study aimed to test the effectiveness of an acute treatment with a long-chain omega-3 lipid emulsion (Omegaven 10%®, OGV) that contains fish oil (DHA 18 mg/ml; EPA 21 mg/ml) and α-tocopherol (0.2 mg/ml) in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of ischemic stroke in mice. For this purpose, female CD-1 mice were anesthetized and subjected to 90 minutes of MCAO...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899367/intake-of-key-micronutrients-and-food-groups-in-patients-with-late-stage-age-related-macular-degeneration-compared-with-age-sex-matched-controls
#9
Bamini Gopinath, Gerald Liew, Joanna Russell, Victoria Cosatto, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the risk factor profile of patients presenting with late-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD) could help identify the most frequent modifiable AMD precursors among people who are referred for treatment. We aimed to assess dietary behaviours by comparing adjusted mean intakes of micronutrients and major food groups (fruits, vegetables, fish) among patients with AMD and a sample of age-sex-matched controls. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 480 late AMD cases and 518 population-based age-sex-matched controls with no AMD signs...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899294/impact-of-food-choice-on-sodium-intake-patterns-from-multiple-nhanes-surveys
#10
Zefeng Dong, Zhifeng Gao, Brandon McFadden
To examine how the food consumption from various food groups would impact American adults' sodium intake and whether this impact structurally changes over time, data were obtained from six-cycle National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2010. Foods were categorized by the first two digits of the USDA food code. Regression models were employed to investigate the associations between the consumption of each food group and sodium intake, and whether there were changes in the associations in consecutive six cycles...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898909/protein-and-amino-acid-bioavailability-of-extruded-dog-food-with-protein-meals-of-different-quality-using-growing-mink-as-a-model
#11
M T Tjernsbekk, A-H Tauson, C F Matthiesen, Ø Ahlstrøm
The present study evaluated growing mink () as a model for dietary protein quality assessment of protein meals used in extruded dog foods. Three foods with similar CP content but of different protein quality were produced using different protein meals. The protein meals varied with respect to CP digestibility and AA composition and included lamb meal (LBM), poultry meal (PM), and fish meal (FM) with low, intermediate, and high protein quality, respectively. Nitrogen balance, BW gain, protein efficiency ratio (PER), and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) were used as measures of protein and AA bioavailability in growing mink...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898676/dietary-butyrate-helps-to-restore-the-intestinal-status-of-a-marine-teleost-sparus-aurata-fed-extreme-diets-low-in-fish-meal-and-fish-oil
#12
Itziar Estensoro, Gabriel Ballester-Lozano, Laura Benedito-Palos, Fabian Grammes, Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Liv-Torunn Mydland, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Juan Fuentes, Vasileios Karalazos, Álvaro Ortiz, Margareth Øverland, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
There is a constant need to find feed additives that improve health and nutrition of farmed fish and lessen the intestinal inflammation induced by plant-based ingredients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding an organic acid salt to alleviate some of the detrimental effects of extreme plant-ingredient substitution of fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) in gilthead sea bream diet. Three experiments were conducted. In a first trial (T1), the best dose (0.4%) of sodium butyrate (BP-70 ®NOREL) was chosen after a short (9-weeks) feeding period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894064/dietary-gossypol-suppressed-postprandial-tor-signaling-and-elevated-er-stress-pathways-in-turbot-scophthalmus-maximus-l
#13
Fuyun Bian, Haowen Jiang, Mingsan Man, Kangsen Mai, Huihui Zhou, Wei Xu, Gen He
Gossypol is known to be a polyphenolic compound toxic to animals. However, its molecular targets are far from fully characterized. To evaluate the physiological and molecular effects of gossypol, we chose turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.), a carnivorous fish as our model species. Juvenile turbots (7.83 ± 0.02 g) were fed with diets containing gradient levels of gossypol at 0 (G0), 600 (G1) and 1,200 (G2) mg/kg diets for 11 weeks. After the feeding trial, fish growth, body protein and fat contents were significantly reduced in G2 group compared with those of G0 group (P< 0...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890481/growth-disparity-of-motherless-children-might-be-attributed-to-a-deficient-intake-of-high-quality-nutrients
#14
Hui Wang, Xu Tian, Shaowei Wu, Zhibin Hu
We hypothesized that single-parent children (SPC) are retarded in growth compared with both-parent children (BPC), and that motherless children (MC) are affected differently from fatherless children. Moreover, the growth disparity between SPC and BPC might be attributed to a deficient nutrient intake. Data from 2967 children between the ages of 2 and 18 years were extracted from 4 recent waves (2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011) of the China Health and Nutrition Survey to compare the growth status of SPC and BPC and to investigate the association between growth indicators and nutrition status...
November 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889806/a-comparative-assessment-of-arsenic-risks-and-the-nutritional-benefits-of-fish-consumption-in-kuwait-arsenic-versus-omega-3-fatty-acids
#15
Adnan Husain, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Hing Man Chan, Brian Laird, Hanan Al-Amiri, Basma Dashti, Anwar Sultan, Amani Al-Othman, Bedraya Mandekar
Inorganic and organic forms of arsenic (As), as well as omega-3 fatty acids were measured in 578 fish/seafood samples that belong to 15 species of commonly consumed seafood in Kuwait. Arsenic speciation data, with the toxicological profile of inorganic arsenic (iAs) and fish consumption rates were applied in a probabilistic risk assessment to estimate the risk from exposure to iAs. The nutritional benefits of omega-3-fatty acid levels in various species of fish were taken into consideration. Results showed that the mean daily intake of iAs through fish consumption among the Kuwaiti population was 0...
November 26, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888129/iron-metabolism-modulation-in-atlantic-salmon-infested-with-the-sea-lice-lepeophtheirus-salmonis-and-caligus-rogercresseyi-a-matter-of-nutritional-immunity
#16
Valentina Valenzuela-Muñoz, Cristian Gallardo-Escárate
Sea lice are copepodid ectoparasites that produce high economic losses and environmental issues, thus impacting the salmon aquaculture worldwide. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) from Northern and Southern Hemispheres are primarily parasitized by Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus rogercresseyi, respectively. To cope L. salmonis infestation, studies suggest that Atlantic salmon can restrict iron availability as a mechanism of nutritional immunity. However, no molecular studies of iron regulation from salmonids infected with C...
November 22, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886131/changes-in-meat-poultry-fish-consumption-in-australia-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#17
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Judy Cunningham, Anna Rangan
The purpose of the study was to examine temporal changes in meat/poultry/fish consumption patterns between 1995 and 2011-2012 in the Australian population. Meat/poultry/fish consumption from all food sources, including recipes, was analysed by gender, age group, and socio-economic status using 24-h recall data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 13,858) and the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). The overall proportion of people consuming meat/poultry/fish remained stable (91...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884138/household-dietary-diversity-and-animal-source-food-consumption-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-welfare-monitoring-survey
#18
Abdulhalik Workicho, Tefera Belachew, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Beyene Wondafrash, Carl Lachat, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: It is imperative to track dietary quality and progress in nutritional outcomes in a population to develop timely interventions. Dietary diversity is a commonly used proxy to assess dietary quality in low-income countries. This study identified predictors of household dietary diversity in Ethiopia and pattern of consumption of animal source food (ASF) among households. METHODS: Secondary data were analyzed from the 2011 Ethiopian Welfare Monitoring Survey (WMS)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882445/enhanced-dietary-formulation-to-mitigate-winter-thermal-stress-in-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata-a-2d-dige-plasma-proteome-study
#19
Denise Schrama, Nadège Richard, Tomé S Silva, Filipe A Figueiredo, Luís E C Conceição, Richard Burchmore, David Eckersall, Pedro M L Rodrigues
Low water temperatures during winter are common in farming of gilthead sea bream in the Mediterranean. This causes metabolic disorders that in extreme cases can lead to a syndrome called "winter disease." An improved immunostimulatory nutritional status might mitigate the effects of this thermal metabolic stress. A trial was set up to assess the effects of two different diets on gilthead sea bream physiology and nutritional state through plasma proteome and metabolites. Four groups of 25 adult gilthead sea bream were reared during winter months, being fed either with a control diet (CTRL) or with a diet called "winter feed" (WF)...
November 24, 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876972/prevalence-and-seasonal-variation-of-ectoparasites-in-cultured-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-in-saudi-arabia
#20
El Amin M Suliman, Ahmed H Al-Harbi
The prevalence, mean intensity and abundance of ectoparasites (monogeneans and trichodinids) from Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus were investigated during different seasons of two consecutive years, from January 2011 to December 2012. A total of 360 O. niloticus was collected from three fish farms located in the central region of Saudi Arabia. Prevalence, mean intensity and mean abundance of monogeneans on fish gills were found to be significantly (p < 0.01) higher in farm(C) (81.67, 495.23, 405.84 %) than farm (A) (7...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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