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Fish nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471576/-vegetarian-diets-in-children-an-assessment-from-pediatrics-and-nutrition-science
#1
Mathilde Kersting, Hermann Kalhoff, Michael Melter, Thomas Lücke
In Germany, the "Dietary Schedule for the 1st year of life" and the "Optimised Mixed Diet" for children and adolescents serve as scientifically based and generally applicable dietary concepts throughout the period of growth and development. Vegetarian diets as the lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet (exclusion of meat, fish) and the vegan diet (exclusion of all food groups of animal origin) need to be evaluated for their potential to safely meet the high and specific requirements for growth and development...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469019/longitudinal-adherence-to-a-dietary-pattern-and-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-the-furukawa-nutrition-and-health-study
#2
Takako Miki, Masafumi Eguchi, Shamima Akter, Takeshi Kochi, Keisuke Kuwahara, Ikuko Kashino, Huanhuan Hu, Isamu Kabe, Norito Kawakami, Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue
OBJECTIVE: We explored the association of 3-year adherence to a dietary pattern based on nutrients that may be related to mood with the development of depressive symptoms in Japanese employees. METHODS: Participants were 903 employees free from depressive symptoms at baseline and who attended the 3-year follow-up. Participants with depressive symptoms were defined as those with a score ≥16 on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Dietary patterns were derived using reduced-rank regression at baseline and at the 3-year follow-up survey using a validated, self-administered diet history questionnaire...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466641/-basic-biological-parameters-for-pseudocurimata-lineopunctata-characiformes-curimatidae-conservation-in-the-anchicay%C3%A3-river-of-the-cauca-valley-colombia
#3
Sandra Lamouroux-López, Merling López, Héctor Flores
Pseudocurimata lineopunctata represents an important nutritional source for local human communities in Colombia and Ecuador. Although the yearly catch of this fish is low (590 kg/year), there are no restrictions on minimum size, and this species is categorized as vulnerable with moderate extinction risk by the Regional Autonomous Corporation of the Cauca Valley (Colombia). To support conservation programs, biological data of the target species are required. Therefore, the aims of this study were to describe the sex ratio, distribution, size to weight ratio, macroscopic stages of reproductive maturity, fecundity, and size at first sexual maturity for P...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463319/performance-of-arma-chinensis-reared-on-an-artificial-diet-formulated-using-transcriptomic-methods
#4
D Y Zou, T A Coudron, L S Zhang, X S Gu, W H Xu, X L Liu, H H Wu
An artificial diet formulated for continuous rearing of the predator Arma chinensis was inferior to natural prey when evaluated using life history parameters. A transcriptome analysis identified differentially expressed genes in diet-fed and prey-fed A. chinensis that were suggestive of molecular mechanisms underlying the nutritive impact of the artificial diet. Changes in the diet formulation were made based on the transcriptome analysis and tested using life history parameters. The quantity of pig liver, chicken egg, tuna fish, biotin, nicotinamide, vitamin B6, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin C, L-glutamine, and sucrose was reduced, and wheat germ oil, calcium pantothenate and folic acid were increased...
February 21, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460183/nutritional-history-does-not-modulate-hepatic-oxidative-status-of-european-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax-submitted-to-handling-stress
#5
Carolina Castro, Amalia Peréz-Jiménez, Filipe Coutinho, Geneviève Corraze, Stéphane Panserat, Helena Peres, Aires Oliva Teles, Paula Enes
The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of an acute handling stress on hepatic oxidative status of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles fed diets differing in lipid so urce and carbohydrate content. For that purpose, four diets were formulated with fish oil (FO) and vegetable oils (VO) as lipid source and with 20 or 0% gelatinized starch as carbohydrate source. Triplicate groups of fish with 74 g were fed each diet during 13 weeks and then subjected to an acute handling stress. Stress exposure decreased hematocrit (Ht) and hemoglobin (Hb) levels...
February 19, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455789/geographical-variation-in-the-clinical-presentation-of-endomyocardial-fibrosis-in-india
#6
Prabha Nini Gupta, Subair M Kunju, Baiju Rajan, A George Koshy, Sunitha Vishwanathan, Preeti Sara George, Praveen Velappan
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical presentation, clinical profile and survival of two groups of endomyocardial fibrosis patients. METHODS: The study was a prospective cohort study, or a prospective case series, comparing all consecutive echocardiographically proven patients with endomyocardial fibrosis seen in Medical College Trivandrum with the patients seen in Medical College Hospital, Alappuzha(Alleppey) (or TD Medical College). In all patients the clinical details like age, sex, type of endomyocardial fibrosis, the presence of anaemia, eosinophilia, neutrophilia and type of rhythm(Sinus or atrial fibrillation) etc were compared by both simple X2 and by Kaplan Meier survival curves...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449757/why-and-how-the-early-life-environment-affects-development-of-coping-behaviours
#7
REVIEW
M Rohaa Langenhof, Jan Komdeur
Understanding the ways in which individuals cope with threats, respond to challenges, make use of opportunities and mediate the harmful effects of their surroundings is important for predicting their ability to function in a rapidly changing world. Perhaps one of the most essential drivers of coping behaviour of adults is the environment experienced during their early-life development. Although the study of coping, defined as behaviours displayed in response to environmental challenges, has a long and rich research history in biology, recent literature has repeatedly pointed out that the processes through which coping behaviours develop in individuals are still largely unknown...
2018: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438976/role-of-upstream-stimulatory-factor-2-in-glutamate-dehydrogenase-gene-transcription
#8
Carlos Gaspar, Jonás I Silva-Marrero, María C Salgado, Isabel V Baanante, Isidoro Metón
Glutamate dehydrogenase (Gdh) plays a central role in ammonia detoxification by catalysing reversible oxidative deamination of L-glutamate into α-ketoglutarate using NAD+ or NADP+ as cofactor. To gain insight into transcriptional regulation of glud, the gene that codes for Gdh, we isolated and characterised the 5' flanking region of glud from gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). In addition, tissue distribution, the effect of starvation as well as short- and long-term refeeding on Gdh mRNA levels in the liver of S...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438354/nutritional-quality-of-school-meals-in-france-impact-of-guidelines-and-the-role-of-protein-dishes
#9
Florent Vieux, Christophe Dubois, Christelle Duchêne, Nicole Darmon
In France, school meals must comply with 15 frequency criteria (FC) expressed as nutritional requirements (e.g., "starters containing more than 15% fat served no more than four times out of 20") in a series of 20 consecutive meals. The objective was to assess, for the first time, the nutritional impact of complying with French school food FC. Based on 40 series of meals actually served in primary schools ("observed series"), several scenarios (1600 series per scenario) of compliance or non-compliance with FC were simulated, and nutritional quality was assessed via the mean adequacy ratio (MAR/2000 kcal)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428753/effect-of-dietary-fish-oil-supplements-alone-or-in-combination-with-sunflower-and-linseed-oil-on-ruminal-lipid-metabolism-and-bacterial-populations-in-lactating-cows
#10
P Kairenius, H Leskinen, V Toivonen, S Muetzel, S Ahvenjärvi, A Vanhatalo, P Huhtanen, R J Wallace, K J Shingfield
Fish oil (FO) alters ruminal biohydrogenation causing trans fatty acid (FA) intermediates to accumulate, but the effects of 18-carbon polyunsaturated FA supply on ruminal long-chain FA metabolism and microbial communities in cattle fed FO are not well established. Four cows fitted with rumen cannula were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square with 21-d experimental periods to evaluate the effects of FO alone or in combination with plant oils high in 18:2n-6 or 18:3n-3 on rumen microbial ecology and flow of FA at the omasum...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423389/food-elimination-diet-and-nutritional-deficiency-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Hee-Sook Lim, Soon-Kyung Kim, Su-Jin Hong
Certain types of foods are common trigger for bowel symptoms such as abdominal discomfort or pain in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). But indiscriminate food exclusions from their diet can lead extensive nutritional deficiencies. The aim of this study was to investigate nutritional status, food restriction and nutrient intake status in IBD patients. A total 104 patients (food exclusion group: n = 49; food non-exclusion group: n = 55) participated in the survey. The contents were examined by 3 categories: 1) anthropometric and nutritional status; 2) diet beliefs and food restriction; and 3) nutrient intake...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422041/association-between-empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-with-blood-lipids-fasting-blood-glucose-and-blood-pressure-in-adults-the-india-migration-study
#12
Krithiga Shridhar, Ambika Satija, Preet K Dhillon, Sutapa Agrawal, Ruby Gupta, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, A V Bharathi, D Prabhakaran, K Srinath Reddy, Shah Ebrahim
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns (DPs) in India are heterogenous. To date, data on association of indigenous DPs in India with risk factors of nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular disease and diabetes), leading causes of premature death and disability, are limited. We aimed to evaluate the associations of empirically-derived DPs with blood lipids, fasting glucose and blood pressure levels in an adult Indian population recruited across four geographical regions of India...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417450/zebrafish-as-a-model-for-toxicological-perturbation-of-yolk-and-nutrition-in-the-early-embryo
#13
REVIEW
Karilyn E Sant, Alicia R Timme-Laragy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Developmental toxicity assessments often focus on structural outcomes and overlook subtle metabolic differences which occur during the early embryonic period. Deviant embryonic nutrition can result in later-life disease, including diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Prior to placenta-mediated nutrient exchange, the human embryo requires maternally supplied nutritional substrates for growth, called yolk. Here, we compare the biology of the human and zebrafish yolk and review examples of toxicant-mediated perturbation of yolk defects, composition, and utilization...
February 7, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415837/parenteral-nutrition-associated-cholestasis-and-triglyceridemia-in-surgical-term-and-near-term-neonates-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-mixed-intravenous-lipid-emulsions
#14
Luís Pereira-da-Silva, Sara Nóbrega, Maria Luísa Rosa, Marta Alves, Ana Pita, Daniel Virella, Ana Luísa Papoila, Micaela Serelha, Gonçalo Cordeiro-Ferreira, Berthold Koletzko
BACKGROUND: Cholestasis is a common complication in infants receiving prolonged parenteral nutrition (PN). We studied the effects of two intravenous lipid emulsions composed with either 30% soybean oil, 30% medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), 25% olive oil, and 15% fish oil (SMOF) or with 50% MCT and 50% soybean oil n-6 (MCT/SOY) on the incidence of cholestasis in surgical term and near-term neonates. METHODS: A single-center, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial compared the incidence of cholestasis using either SMOF or MCT/SOY in neonates born at gestational age ≥34 weeks undergoing major surgery...
December 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415478/empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-in-uk-adults-are-associated-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-lifestyle-and-diet-quality
#15
Katharine Roberts, Janet Cade, Jeremy Dawson, Michelle Holdsworth
The aim of this study was to examine empirical dietary patterns in UK adults and their association with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, self-reported nutrient intake, nutrient biomarkers, and the Nutrient-based Diet Quality Score (NDQS) using National Diet and Nutrition Survey data 2008-2012 ( n = 2083; mean age 49 years; 43.3% male). Four patterns explained 13.6% of the total variance: 'Snacks, fast food, fizzy drinks' (SFFFD), 'Fruit, vegetables, oily fish' (FVOF), 'Meat, potatoes, beer' (MPB), and 'Sugary foods, dairy' (SFD)...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412509/current-level-of-fish-consumption-is-associated-with-mortality-in-chinese-but-not-us-adults-new-findings-from-two-nationwide-cohort-studies-with-14-and-9-8-years-of-follow-up
#16
Pan Zhuang, Wenqiao Wang, Jun Wang, Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao
SCOPE: Whether dietary fish consumption is linked to mortality remains unclear. We aim to investigate the association of fish consumption with mortality in Chinese and US nationwide populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We utilized data from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, n = 14,117) and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, n = 33,221) including NHANES III conducted in 1988-1994 and continuous NHANES 1999-2010. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407798/environmentally-realistic-concentration-of-cadmium-combined-with-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-enriched-diets-modulated-non-specific-immunity-in-rainbow-trout
#17
Valérie Cornet, Abderrahim Ouaach, S N M Mandiki, Enora Flamion, Aline Ferain, Mélusine Van Larebeke, Benjamin Lemaire, Felipe E Reyes López, Lluis Tort, Yvan Larondelle, Patrick Kestemont
Nutrition is crucial to grow healthy fish particularly in a context of pollution, overcrowding and pathogen risks. Nowadays, the search for food components able to improve fish health is increasingly developing. Here, the influence of four dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that are alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3), linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) on the sensitivity of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles to environmentally realistic cadmium (Cd, 0...
February 1, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404841/a-multi-center-survey-on-dietary-knowledge-and-behavior-among-inpatients-in-oncology-department
#18
Minghua Cong, Jiejun Wang, Yu Fang, Yinghua Liu, Mingxiao Sun, Qiong Wu, Kan Wang, Yan Huang, Yiqun Ling, Yong Liu, Quanfu Li, Yibing Liu, Jiang Zhu, Lingjun Zhu, Zhendong Zheng, Ling Li, Dongying Liu, Zimin Liu, Hanping Shi, Peng Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current associated factors of dietary knowledge and behavior, the intake and nutritional status in malignancy Chinese inpatients, and the malnutrition causes involved in dietary nutrition knowledge level and behavior, providing recommendations to patients for nutrition education and intervention. METHOD: Five hundred and thirty-five participants from 18 hospitals were investigated by a questionnaire related to dietary knowledge and behavior...
February 5, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404224/a-review-of-bottom-up-vs-top-down-control-of-sponges-on-caribbean-fore-reefs-what-s-old-what-s-new-and-future-directions
#19
Joseph R Pawlik, Tse-Lynn Loh, Steven E McMurray
Interest in the ecology of sponges on coral reefs has grown in recent years with mounting evidence that sponges are becoming dominant members of reef communities, particularly in the Caribbean. New estimates of water column processing by sponge pumping activities combined with discoveries related to carbon and nutrient cycling have led to novel hypotheses about the role of sponges in reef ecosystem function. Among these developments, a debate has emerged about the relative effects of bottom-up (food availability) and top-down (predation) control on the community of sponges on Caribbean fore-reefs...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402959/dietary-changes-needed-to-improve-diet-sustainability-are-they-similar-across-europe
#20
Florent Vieux, Marlene Perignon, Rozenn Gazan, Nicole Darmon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It is not known whether dietary changes able to simultaneously achieve nutritional adequacy and reduce diet-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) are similar across Europe when cultural and gender specificities are taken into account. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Starting from each mean observed diet in five European countries (France, UK, Italy, Finland, and Sweden) and for each gender, nutritionally adequate diets departing the least from observed diet were designed with linear programming by applying stepwise 10% GHGE reductions...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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