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Case report ultrasound

Valentina Marchese, Anna Beltrame, Andrea Angheben, Geraldo Badona Monteiro, Giovanni Giorli, Francesca Perandin, Dora Buonfrate, Zeno Bisoffi
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is one of the most important neglected tropical diseases. If unrecognised and untreated, the chronic infection can lead to irreversible complications. METHODS: Retrospective observational study aimed at describing clinical history, laboratory findings and imaging presentation of imported schistosomiasis diagnosed at the Centre for Tropical Diseases, Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital of Negrar, Verona, Italy from 2010 to 2014. The aim of our study was to assess differences in demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, laboratory data and ultrasound findings between immigrants/visiting friends and relatives (VFR) from endemic countries (endemic group) and expatriates/travellers (non-endemic group)...
June 16, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Gill Norman, Maggie J Westby, Amber D Rithalia, Nikki Stubbs, Marta O Soares, Jo C Dumville
BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are open skin wounds on the lower leg which can be slow to heal, and are both painful and costly. The point prevalence of open venous leg ulcers in the UK is about 3 cases per 10,000 people, and many people experience recurrent episodes of prolonged ulceration. First-line treatment for venous leg ulcers is compression therapy, but a wide range of dressings and topical treatments are also used. This diversity of treatments makes evidence-based decision-making challenging, and a clear and current overview of all the evidence is required...
June 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Wei Gang Wang, Di Yan, Hong Ye, Gary Gustafson, Michael Ghilezan, Alvaro Martinez, Daniel Krauss
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report the long-term outcomes and toxicity results of a prospective trial of moderately hypofractionated, image guided radiation therapy (RT) for localized prostate cancer. Methods and materials: Patients were enrolled between December 2006 and February 2012. Patients in group 1 were stage T1-T2b, had a Gleason score (GS) of 2 to 6 or 7 (3 + 4) with only 1 lobe involved, and had prostate-specific antigen levels ≤10 ng/mL...
April 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
Titilope Aluko, Zachary Masi, Jeffrey Tomaszewski, Pauline Germaine
Leiomyomas are benign mesenchymal tumors, the overwhelming majority of which are located in the uterus. Rare cases arise in other organs, including the scrotum, pelvis, bladder, and spermatic cord. This report evaluates the case of a 37-year-old man with a history of prior left inguinal hernia repair, who presented with a painless right scrotal mass. He first noticed the mass approximately 1 year prior to his initial visit. Subsequent ultrasound of the scrotum demonstrated a 5-cm circumscribed, hypoechoic, mildly vascular extratesticular mass located within the right hemiscrotum...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Jai Kyung You, Do Joong Kim, Bomi Kim, Yong Kook Hong
Mirror image artifact in ultrasound is not an unusual phenomenon. However, it is rarely seen in thyroid ultrasound because of the natural convexity of the tracheal surface. We report a mirror artifact during thyroid ultrasound in a patient with an excessively collapsible trachea. Minor pressure with the transducer made the trachea surface flat or concave, and then a cyst in the thyroid was mirrored across the trachea, which mimicked an intratracheal cyst. This case illustrates how an unusual collapsible trachea can generate an image that simulates an intratracheal lesion during thyroid ultrasound...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Rajveer Joea, Sarah J Strube, Todd K Zynda
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a variant of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) that is poorly understood. SCAD has been linked to fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), connective tissue disease (CTD), pregnancy and hormonal imbalance, systemic inflammatory conditions (e.g. IBD, vasculitis), and coronary artery vasospasm rather than traditional cardiac risk factors. Symptomology generally accompanying SCAD is indistinguishable from ACS making the timely recognition and diagnosis vital for prompt treatment...
June 2018: Cardiology Research
Janina Rau, Daniela Tiedemann, Jutta Sielhorst, Anna Tönissen, Dominik Burger, Gunilla Martinsson, Karl Rohn, Harriette Oldenhof, Harald Sieme
OBJECTIVE: Transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration (TUA) is a procedure which can be used for the reduction of twins post-fixation in the mare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the age of mares and the day of gestation on the outcome of TUA treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 88 mares, diagnosed pregnant with twins, TUA of the yolk sac or allantoic fluid was performed between day 30 and 62 of gestation. Mares were aged 3-22 years. Ultrasonographic examination for a viable singleton pregnancy was performed by referring veterinarians 5-7 days and 4 weeks after TUA...
June 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Denis Mihai Serban, Costela Serban, Dan Navolan, Ioan Sas
RATIONALE: Antenatal diagnosis of a fetal hepatic cyst is rare. Since in most cases the lesion is treated after birth by surgery only a few reports present a complete spontaneous resolution of an antenatally diagnosed hepatic cyst. PATIENT CONCERNS: A single hepatic cyst (1.34/1.47 cm) was diagnosed in a fetus at 36 weeks of pregnancy while mother was in labor. After an uneventful vaginal birth, a multidisciplinary evaluation of the newborn confirmed the presence of the cyst...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Woojin Kwon, Seunguk Bang, Hyojung Soh, Won Jun Jeong, Sang Chul Lee, Byung Jo Choi
RATIONALE: Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair is a rapidly evolving, minimally invasive treatment modality for inguinal hernia. Compared with open hernia repair, this method requires a smaller incision, has cosmetic advantages, and facilitates rapid recovery and early return to daily activities because of less postoperative pain. Because general anesthesia is essential for TEP hernia repair, it cannot be performed on patients who have an increased risk of developing complications when placed under general anesthesia...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rajan Atwal, Charles Stewart
We describe the unique case of a child with pneumonia presenting with acute scoliosis and abdominal pain, without any typical features of the disease.A 10-year-old girl presented to the emergency department on 3 consecutive days with right-sided abdominal pain. There were no associated features, in particular, no fevers or respiratory symptoms. On the first 2 presentations, observation,examination, and blood test findings were unremarkable. Chest x-ray and abdominal ultrasound were also normal. On the third presentation a marked scoliosis was noted and abdominal examination revealed right-sided tenderness with rebound...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zunfu Ke, Yihao Liu, Yunjian Zhang, Jie Li, Ming Kuang, Sui Peng, Jinyu Liang, Shuang Yu, Lei Su, Lili Chen, Cong Sun, Bin Li, Jessica Cao, Weiming Lv, Haipeng Xiao
Differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules is crucial for clinical management. Here, we explored the efficacy of next‑generation sequencing (NGS) in predicting the classification of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and lymph node metastasis status, and simultaneously compared the results with ultrasound (US). Thyroline was designed to detect 15 target gene mutations and 2 fusions in 98 formalin‑fixed, paraffin‑embedded (FFPE) tissues, including those from 82 thyroid cancer (TC) patients and 16 patients with benign nodules...
June 14, 2018: Oncology Reports
Michael Brückner
A 2-year-old Bearded Collie was referred for suspected hemoabdomen after prescrotal castration. On presentation the dog was in stable body condition and the hematocrit was within the reference range. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a moderate amount of free corpuscular fluid; therefore the dog was prepared for laparoscopic surgery. A single port access at the umbilicus was performed and insufflation with CO2 started with a pressure of 8 mmHg. Approximately one liter of blood was removed from the abdominal cavity with a suction/irrigation tube to allow inspection of the inguinal rings...
June 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
James S Khan, Elliot J Krane, Maureen Higgs, Scott Pritzlaff, Scott Hoffinger, Einar Ottestad
Hip denervation comprising radiofrequency lesioning of the obturator and femoral articular branches is used in adults with refractory hip pain who are not surgical candidates. Persistent hip pain infrequently occurs in pediatric patients and there is limited data on the safety and efficacy of this procedure in a pediatric population. We provide a case report of a successful ultrasound and fluoroscopic-guided hip denervation procedure in an 11-year old female with persistent right hip pain after septic arthritis refractory to conservative and surgical management strategies...
June 13, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Aude Thouvenot, Yasmine Bizet, Laurent S Baccar, Michele Lamuraglia
Metastasis of non-gynaecological tumours to the cervix is a rare event, and metastasis from breast cancer is even rarer, with only a limited number of such cases reported in the literature to date. We herein report the case of an 86-year-old female patient who had undergone mastectomy and axillary lymphadenectomy for invasive ductal cell breast carcinoma 2 years prior, followed by adjuvant hormonal therapy with letrozole. During hospitalization for anemia associated with an inflammatory syndrome and abdominal pain with menorrhagia, an abdominal ultrasound examination revealed a suspicious uterine mass with irregular contours and abnormal vascularization with associated increase of the blood level of cancer antigen 15-3 to 34 kU/l...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
ShealaLau MullaneyGlen, Brent Snow
Angiomyxomas are rare soft tissue neoplasms rich in myxoid matrix and blood vessels that typically present as nodules on the trunk, head, and limbs in adults. They are classified as either cutaneous or aggressive based on histological findings and extent of local growth. There are less than 150 reported cases in the literature. In this case report we describe the first paratesticular case of a cutaneous angiomyxoma in a pediatric patient, who presented with a transilluminating paratesticular mass consistent with a hydrocele, but showed solid and vascular features on ultrasound...
June 9, 2018: Urology
Andrew Siref, Bonnie Balzer, Andrew Hendifar
A 63-year-old white man with no significant previous medical or surgical history presented with painless jaundice after 3 weeks of dark urine, yellow stools, and a 9-pound weight loss. Bilirubin, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, and alkaline phosphatase were elevated, and a computed tomography scan detected a 10-cm, ill-defined mass at the porta hepatis compressing the common bile duct. He underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with stenting and ultrasound-guided biopsies. Histologic sections showed a neoplastic population of small ovoid cells with a high N:C ratio, nuclear hyperchromasia, "smoky" chromatin and abundant mitotic figures, and characteristic of high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (HGNECA)...
June 7, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Akinori Asai, Eisuke Kako, Tatsuya Hasegawa, Kazuya Sobue
Isaacs syndrome is a rare peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome. The painful discharges in Isaacs syndrome are abolished by the blockade of the neuromuscular junction but not by peripheral nerve blocks (PNB). However, the efficacy of PNB for intraoperative and postoperative analgesia among those with Isaacs syndrome is unknown. A 41-year-old woman with Isaacs syndrome underwent open reduction and internal fixation of radius fractures. Ultrasound-guided bilateral axillary brachial plexus blocks were performed, followed by general anesthesia...
June 11, 2018: A&A practice
Ravi Daswani, Ashish Kumar, Vikas Singla, Gagandeep Kaur, Praveen Sharma, Naresh Bansal, Anil Arora
Background: The gold-standard for diagnosis is growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on ascitic fluid or peritoneal culture. Due to the non-specific signs and symptoms of disease, its early diagnosis is difficult, especially in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The reported sensitivity of ascitic fluid is low and to obtain tissue for peritoneal biopsy in patients with cirrhosis is difficult. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a good alternative to obtain peritoneal tissue for establishing the diagnosis of peritoneal TB...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
L Pirtea, O Balint, C Secosan, D Grigoras, R Ilina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present a case of a cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy treated by laparoscopic resection followed by isthmocele repair. DESIGN: Case report SETTINGS: University Gynecology Clinic of the Emergency Clinical City Hospital Timișoara, România. BACKGROUND: Cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy. In the last years its prevalence has risen due to the increasing number of cesarean section. An early diagnosis can lead to an early management decreasing the risk of life-threatening complication such as uterine rupture and massive haemorrhage...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Peeyush Bhargava, Kabiul Haque, Romulo Vea, Elba Turbat-Herrera, Quyen Chu, Guillermo Sangster, Horacio D'Agostino
Uterine leiomyomas are one of the most common tumors affecting reproductive-age women. Leiomyomas can present as an intrauterine mass or rarely as an extrauterine tumor. Depending on its location, the diagnosis of extrauterine leiomyoma can be challenging, and multiple imaging modalities may be needed for correct identification and differentiation from malignant entities. We report the case of a 48-year-old-postmenopausal female who presented with a painful left inguinal mass, which was clinically diagnosed as inguinal hernia...
August 2018: Radiology Case Reports
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