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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984997/nlrp3-il-1%C3%AE-mediates-denervation-during-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-rats
#1
Robin Lütolf, Francis M Hughes, Brian M Inouye, Huixia Jin, Jennifer C McMains, Elena S Pak, Johanna L Hannan, J Todd Purves
AIMS: Denervation of the bladder is a detrimental consequence of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). We have previously shown that, during BOO, inflammation triggered by the NLRP3 inflammasome in the urothelia mediates physiological bladder dysfunction and downstream fibrosis in rats. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of NLRP3-mediated inflammation on bladder denervation during BOO. METHODS: There were five groups of rats: (i) Control (no surgery); (ii) Sham-operated; (iii) BOO rats given vehicle; (iv) BOO rats given the NLRP3 inhibitor glyburide; and (v) BOO rats given the IL-1 receptor antagonist anakinra...
October 6, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965754/patchouli-alcohol-isolated-from-pogostemon-cablin-mediates-endothelium-independent-vasorelaxation-by-blockade-of-ca-2-channels-in-rat-isolated-thoracic-aorta
#2
Guan-Ying Hu, Cheng Peng, Xiao-Fang Xie, Liang Xiong, San-Yin Zhang, Xiao-Yu Cao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The aerial parts of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. for the treatment of cardiodynia have been documented in Mingyi Bielu of late Han Dynasty, in addition to that the Ca(2+) antagonized activities of P. cablin and its critically pharmacological ingredient patchouli alcohol (PA) were reported previously. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the relaxant effects of PA on rat isolated thoracic aortas and further explore its potential mechanisms of actions...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961497/irisin-protects-against-neuronal-injury-induced-by-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-in-part-depends-on-the-inhibition-of-ros-nlrp3-inflammatory-signaling-pathway
#3
Juan Peng, Xian Deng, Wei Huang, Ji-Hua Yu, Jian-Xiong Wang, Jie-Ping Wang, Shi-Bin Yang, Xi Liu, Li Wang, Yun Zhang, Xiang-Yu Zhou, Hui Yang, Yan-Zheng He, Fang-Yuan Xu
Recent studies found that irisin, a newly discovered skeletal muscle-derived myokine during exercise, is also synthesized in various tissues of different species and protects against neuronal injury in cerebral ischemia. The NOD-like receptor pyrin 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome play an important role in detecting cellular damage and mediating inflammatory responses to aseptic tissue injury during ischemic stroke. However, it is unclear whether irisin is involved in the regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome activation during ischemic stroke...
September 26, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930827/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-and-insulin-in-treating-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-updated-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#4
Hui-Ling Liang, Shu-Juan Ma, Yan-Ni Xiao, Hong-Zhuan Tan
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of different drugs in treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients who could not maintain normal glucose level only through diet and exercise remains to be debated. We performed this network meta-analysis (NAM) to compare and rank different antidiabetic drugs in glucose level control and pregnancy outcomes in GDM patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase up to December 31, 2016...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913911/older-adults-awareness-of-deprescribing-a-population-based-survey
#5
Justin P Turner, Cara Tannenbaum
OBJECTIVES: To determine older adults' awareness of the concept of medication-induced harm and their familiarity with the term "deprescribing." Secondary objectives were to ascertain determinants of self-initiated deprescribing conversations and to identify how older adults seek information on medication harms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based household telephone survey using random-digit dialling. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older (N = 2,665; n = 898 men, n = 1,767 women, mean age 74...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904011/continuation-of-non-essential-medications-in-actively-dying-hospitalised-patients
#6
Beverly Rosa Williams, F Amos Bailey, Elizabeth Kvale, Neal Steil, Patricia S Goode, Richard E Kennedy, Kathryn L Burgio
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis was to examine the use of 11 non-essential medications in actively dying patients. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis of data from the Best Practices for End-of-Life Care for Our Nation's Veterans trial, a multicentre implementation trial of an intervention to improve processes of end-of-life care in inpatient settings. Supported with an electronic comfort care decision support tool, intervention included training hospital staff to identify actively dying patients, communicate the prognosis to patients/families and implement best practices of traditionally home-based hospice care...
September 13, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864965/pharmacological-management-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Geetha Mukerji, Denice S Feig
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the setting of poor glycemic control. The initial management for GDM includes intensive lifestyle modification, which often requires behavioral and nutritional changes to optimize glycemic control. Pharmacotherapy for GDM is initiated when glycemic targets are not met. The rapid-acting bolus analogues aspart and lispro achieve postprandial targets with less hypoglycemia compared to regular insulin, with similar fetal outcomes...
September 2, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864502/pharmacologic-differences-of-sulfonylureas-and-the-risk-of-adverse-cardiovascular-and-hypoglycemic-events
#8
Antonios Douros, Hui Yin, Oriana Hoi Yun Yu, Kristian B Filion, Laurent Azoulay, Samy Suissa
OBJECTIVE: Sulfonylureas have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events and hypoglycemia, but it is unclear if these risks vary with different agents. We assessed whether the risks of acute myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, cardiovascular death, all-cause mortality, and severe hypoglycemia differ between sulfonylureas grouped according to pancreas specificity and duration of action. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the U.K. Clinical Practice Research Datalink, linked with the Hospital Episodes Statistics and the Office for National Statistics databases, we conducted a cohort study among patients with type 2 diabetes initiating monotherapy with sulfonylureas between 1998 and 2013...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864019/glyburide-treatment-in-gestational-diabetes-is-associated-with-increased-placental-glucose-transporter-1-expression-and-higher-birth-weight
#9
Paula Díaz, Kris Genelyn Dimasuay, Lindsey Koele-Schmidt, Brian Jang, Linda A Barbour, Thomas Jansson, Theresa L Powell
Use of glyburide in gestational diabetes (GDM) has raised concerns about fetal and neonatal side effects, including increased birth weight. Placental nutrient transport is a key determinant of fetal growth, however the effect of glyburide on placental nutrient transporters is largely unknown. We hypothesized that glyburide treatment in GDM pregnancies is associated with increased expression of nutrient transporters in the syncytiotrophoblast plasma membranes. We collected placentas from GDM pregnancies who delivered at term and were treated with either diet modification (n = 15) or glyburide (n = 8)...
September 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799733/supercritical-fluid-chromatography-coupled-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-a-high-efficiency-detection-technique-to-quantify-taxane-drugs-in-whole-blood-samples
#10
Chan Jin, Jibin Guan, Dong Zhang, Bing Li, Hongzhuo Liu, Zhonggui He
We present a technique to rapid determine taxane in blood samples by supercritical fluid chromatography together with mass spectrometry. The aim of this study was to develop a supercritical fluid chromatography with mass spectrometry method for the analysis of paclitaxel, cabazitaxel, and docetaxel in whole-blood samples of rats. Liquid-dry matrix spot extraction was selected in sample preparation procedure. Supercritical fluid chromatography separation of paclitaxel, cabazitaxel, docetaxel, and glyburide (internal standard) was accomplished within 3 min by using the gradient mobile phase consisted of methanol as the compensation solvent and carbon dioxide at a flow rate of 1...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791793/early-transition-from-insulin-to-sulfonylureas-in-neonatal-diabetes-and-follow-up-experience-from-china
#11
Xiuzhen Li, Aijing Xu, Huiying Sheng, Tzer Hwu Ting, Xiaojian Mao, Xinjiang Huang, Minyan Jiang, Jing Cheng, Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Sulfonylurea therapy can improve glycemic control and ameliorate neurodevelopmental outcomes in patients suffering from neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) with KCNJ11 or ABCC8 mutations. As genetic testing results are often delayed, it remains controversial whether sulfonylurea treatment should be attempted immediately at diagnosis or doctors should await genetic confirmation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of sulfonylurea therapy in Chinese NDM patients during infancy before genetic testing results were available...
August 8, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771572/comparison-of-glyburide-and-insulin-in-the-management-of-gestational-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rongjing Song, Ling Chen, Yue Chen, Xia Si, Yi Liu, Yue Liu, David M Irwin, Wanyu Feng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the efficacy and safety of glyburide as a treatment for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) compared to insulin. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted to compare the management of gestational diabetes with glyburide and insulin. Studies fulfilling all of the following inclusion criteria were included in this meta-analysis: subjects were women with gestational diabetes requiring drug treatment; the comparison treatment included glyburide vs insulin; one or more outcomes (maternal or neonatal) should be provided in the individual study; the study design should be a randomized control trial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753733/lost-in-translation-no-effect-of-a-high-profile-publication-on-the-concomitant-use-of-interacting-drugs
#13
Emily K Acton, Charles E Leonard, Warren B Bilker, Shobha Phansalkar, Sean Hennessy
We sought to assess whether a high-profile publication that demonstrated serious clinical consequences of specific drug-drug interactions (DDIs) reduced the concomitant use of those drugs. We conducted a quasi-experimental study using 2000-2008 prescription claims from a commercial health insurer to examine trends in the dispensing of the interacting drug pairs (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors[ACEI] + potassium-sparing diuretic, digoxin + clarithromycin, and glyburide + cotrimoxazole) and control drug pairs previously reported in a top-tier general medicine journal...
July 28, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682851/sentinel-modular-program-for-propensity-score-matched-cohort-analyses-application-to-glyburide-glipizide-and-serious-hypoglycemia
#14
Meijia Zhou, Shirley V Wang, Charles E Leonard, Joshua J Gagne, Candace Fuller, Christian Hampp, Patrick Archdeacon, Sengwee Toh, Aarthi Iyer, Tiffany Siu Woodworth, Elizabeth Cavagnaro, Catherine A Panozzo, Sophia Axtman, Ryan M Carnahan, Elizabeth A Chrischilles, Sean Hennessy
Sentinel is a program sponsored by the US Food and Drug Administration to monitor the safety of medical products. We conducted a cohort assessment to evaluate the ability of the Sentinel Propensity Score Matching Tool to reproduce in an expedited fashion the known association between glyburide (vs. glipizide) and serious hypoglycemia. Thirteen data partners who contribute to the Sentinel Distributed Database participated in this analysis. A pretested and customizable analytic program was run at each individual site...
November 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647726/treatments-for-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Maria Bryant, Trevor A Sheldon, Derek Tuffnell, Su Golder, Debbie A Lawlor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of different treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Systematic review, meta-analysis and network meta-analysis. METHODS: Data sources were searched up to July 2016 and included MEDLINE and Embase. Randomised trials comparing treatments for GDM (packages of care (dietary and lifestyle interventions with pharmacological treatments as required), insulin, metformin, glibenclamide (glyburide)) were selected by two authors and double checked for accuracy...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617932/effect-of-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-on-the-development-of-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#16
REVIEW
Almudena Areosa Sastre, Robin Wm Vernooij, Magali González-Colaço Harmand, Gabriel Martínez
BACKGROUND: Prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia is an important public health goal. Epidemiological evidence shows a relationship between cognitive impairment and Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The risk of dementia increases with duration of disease. This updated systematic review investigated the effect on cognitive function of the type of treatment and level of metabolic control in people with Type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different strategies for managing Type 2 diabetes mellitus on cognitive function and the incidence of dementia...
June 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592436/bladder-fibrosis-during-outlet-obstruction-is-triggered-through-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-the-production-of-il-1%C3%AE
#17
Francis M Hughes, Stephanie J Sexton, Huixia Jin, Vihasa Govada, J Todd Purves
Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) triggers inflammation in the bladder through the NLRP3 inflammasome. BOO also activates fibrosis, which is largely responsible for the decompensation of the bladder in the chronic state. Because fibrosis can be driven by inflammation, we have explored a role for NLRP3 (and IL-1β produced by NLRP3) in the activation and progression of BOO-induced fibrosis. Female rats were divided into five groups: 1) control, 2) sham, 3) BOO + vehicle, 4) BOO + the NLRP3 inhibitor glyburide, or 5) BOO + the IL-1β receptor antagonist anakinra...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592027/-glyburide-prevents-pulmonary-artery-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-and-migration-via-inhibiting-nlrp3-activation
#18
Y F Liu, W Wang, T Liu, W Zhang, J Liu, J Wang
Objective: To investigate whether glyburide prevents platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) induced pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells(PASMCs) proliferation and migration via inhibiting nucleotide binding domain leucine-rich repeat-containing receptors protein 3(NLRP3) inflammasome activation. Methods: PASMCs were divided into 4 groups: control group, glyburide group, PDGF group and PDGF+ glyburide group. Cell proliferation and migration were assessed by MTT and Transwell respectively. The NLRP3 inflammasome activation was assessed by Western blot...
June 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499531/gestational-diabetes-diagnosis-classification-and-clinical-care
#19
REVIEW
Lynn R Mack, Paul G Tomich
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 6% of pregnant women, and prevalence is increasing in parallel with the obesity epidemic. Protocols for screening/diagnosing GDM are controversial with several guidelines available. Treatment of GDM results in a reduction in the incidence of preeclampsia, shoulder dystocia, and macrosomia. If diet and lifestyle changes do not result in target glucose levels, then treatment with metformin, glyburide, or insulin should begin. It is generally recommended that pregnancies complicated by GDM do not go beyond term...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462500/erratum-to-the-role-of-particle-size-of-glyburide-crystals-in-improving-its-oral-absorption
#20
Wenqian Yang, Yongjun Wang, Qiang Fu, Zhibin Guo, Bingjun Sun, Wen Liu, Yaxuan Liu, Simeng Mu, Mengran Guo, Jingru Li, Xiaohui Pu, Zhonggui He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
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