Read by QxMD icon Read

bovine cartilage

Xin Gu, Bingjie Gu, Xianhui Lv, Zhenzhen Yu, Rong Wang, Xiaoli Zhou, Wanxin Qiao, Zhiyuan Mao, Guoping Zuo, Qing Li, Dengshun Miao, Jianliang Jin
Impaired apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) causes synovial hyperplasia, facilitating destruction of cartilage and bone in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, a dominant inflammatory mediator in RA pathogenesis, promotes progression of RA symptoms. Prevalence of 1, 25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 (hereafter termed VD) deficiency is 30-63% in patients with RA. Whether VD leads to apoptosis or enhances TNF-α-mediated apoptosis in FLSs to ameliorate RA is unclear. To determine this, 10-week-old CYP27B1-deficient (CYP27B1(-/-)) mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were intraperitoneally treated with 1 μg/kg VD every other day for 9 weeks...
October 20, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Corinne R Henak, Lena R Bartell, Itai Cohen, Lawrence J Bonassar
Mechanical damage is central to both initiation and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). However, specific causal links between mechanics and cartilage damage are incompletely understood, which results in an inability to predict failure. The lack of understanding is primarily due to the difficulty in simultaneously resolving the high rates and small length scales relevant to the problem and in correlating such measurements to the resulting fissures. This study leveraged microscopy and high-speed imaging to resolve mechanics on the previously unexamined time and length scales of interest in cartilage damage, and used those mechanics to develop predictive models...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
R D Chavez, G Coricor, J Perez, H-S Seo, R Serra
OBJECTIVE: We previously identified PAPSS2 as a transcriptional target of TGF-β in chondrocytes. PAPSS2 is required for proper sulfation of proteoglycans in cartilage. Defective sulfation in the matrix results in alterations in mechanical properties of the cartilage that would be expected to result in degeneration. The objective of this study was to identify factors that regulate PAPSS2 expression and compare to a known TGF-β responsive gene, PRG4. In this study, TGF-β-mediated regulation of SOX9 was characterized, and the involvement of SOX9 in regulation of PAPSS2 mRNA was investigated...
October 13, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
James F Nishimuta, Monica F Bendernagel, Marc E Levenston
PURPOSE: Although osteoarthritis is widely viewed as a disease of the whole joint, relatively few studies have focused on interactions among joint tissues in joint homeostasis and degeneration. In particular, few studies have examined effects of the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) on cartilaginous tissues. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that co-culture with healthy IFP would induce degradation of cartilage and meniscus tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine articular cartilage, meniscus, and IFP were cultured isolated or as cartilage-fat or meniscus-fat co-cultures for up to 14 days...
October 11, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Duncan K Temple, Anna A Cederlund, Bernard M Lawless, Richard M Aspden, Daniel M Espino
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency-dependent viscoelastic properties of human and bovine cartilage. METHODS: Full-depth cartilage specimens were extracted from bovine and human femoral heads. Using dynamic mechanical analysis, the viscoelastic properties of eight bovine and six human specimens were measured over the frequency range 1 Hz to 88 Hz. Significant differences between bovine and human cartilage viscoelastic properties were assessed using a Mann-Whitney test (p < 0...
October 6, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
William Lewis, Juan-Pablo Padilla-Martinez, Antonio Ortega-Martinez, Walfre Franco
A significant source of morbidity in the elderly population of the United States is osteoarthritis (OA), a disease caused by the breakdown and loss of articular cartilage. The exact causes of OA remain unknown, though biomechanical forces and biochemical alterations are important factors. There exists an unmet need for an imaging tool to identify early lesions of OA via metabolic, chemical or structural changes. Our work aims to characterize changes in the intensity of UV fluorescent bands associated with known structural proteins of cartilage...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Kazumasa Miyatake, Kenjiro Iwasa, Sean M McNary, Gordon Peng, A Hari Reddi
OBJECTIVE: Superficial zone protein (SZP)/lubricin/PRG4 functions as a boundary lubricant in articular cartilage to decrease friction and wear. As articular cartilage lubrication is critical for normal joint function, the accumulation of SZP at the surface of cartilage is important for joint homeostasis. Recently, a heterocyclic compound called kartogenin (KGN) was found to induce chondrogenic differentiation and enhance mRNA expression of lubricin. The objective of this study was to determine whether KGN can stimulate synthesis of SZP in superficial zone, articular chondrocytes...
October 2016: Cartilage
Tomoya Uchimura, Andrea T Foote, David C Markel, Weiping Ren, Li Zeng
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is a major player in the joint destruction process. Macrolide antibiotics have recently been found to have a novel anti-inflammatory function, but their effects on the joint are unknown. Our objective was to investigate the effect of macrolide antibiotic erythromycin on cartilage gene expression under inflammatory conditions as well as on joint pathology in an in vivo inflammatory joint destruction model. DESIGN: In our in vivo studies, mouse knee joints were injected with monosodium iodoacetate (MIA), a chemical that inhibits glycolysis and causes joint inflammation and matrix loss...
October 2016: Cartilage
Maki Itokazu, Shigeyuki Wakitani, Hisashi Mera, Yoshihiro Tamamura, Yasushi Sato, Mutsumi Takagi, Hiroaki Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: The object of this study was to determine culture conditions that create stable scaffold-free cartilage-like cell-sheets from human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) and to assess their effects after transplantation into osteochondral defects in nude rats. DESIGN: (Experiment 1) The hBMSCs were harvested from 3 males, the proliferative and chondrogenic capacities were assessed at passage 1, and the cells were expanded in 3 different culture conditions: (1) 5% fetal bovine serum (FBS), (2) 10% FBS, and (3) 5% FBS with fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2)...
October 2016: Cartilage
S Shanmugaapriya, A van Caam, L de Kroon, Elly L Vitters, B Walgreen, H van Beuningen, E Blaney Davidson, Peter M van der Kraan
OBJECTIVE: RNA-binding protein with multiple splicing (RBPMS) has been shown to physically interact with Smads and enhance transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-mediated Smad2/3 transcriptional activity in mammalian cells. Objective of this study was to examine whether expression of RBPMS is regulated by interleukin-1β (IL)-1β and TGF-β superfamily growth factors and whether expression of RBPMS is altered during aging and experimental osteoarthritis. METHODS: Expression of RBPMS protein was investigated in chondrocyte cell lines of murine (H4) and human (G6) origin using Western blot analysis...
October 2016: Cartilage
Luca Coluccino, Chiara Peres, Riccardo Gottardi, Paolo Bianchini, Alberto Diaspro, Luca Ceseracciu
BACKGROUND: The knee meniscus is instrumental to stability, shock absorption, load transmission and stress distribution within the knee joint. Such functions are mechanically demanding, and replacement constructs used in meniscus repair often fail because of a poor match with the surrounding tissue. This study focused on the native structure-mechanics relationships and on their anisotropic behavior in meniscus, to define the target biomechanical viscoelastic properties required by scaffolds upon loading...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Camilla Melin Fürst, Emma Åhrman, Klas Bratteby, Sofia Waldemarson, Johan Malmström, Anna M Blom
Joint diseases are often characterized by inflammatory processes that result in pathological changes in joint tissues, including cartilage degradation and release of components into the synovial fluid. The complement system plays a central role in promoting the inflammation. Because several cartilage proteins are known to interact with complement, causing either activation or inhibition of the system, we aimed to investigate these interactions comprehensively. Bovine cartilage explants were cultured with IL-1α to induce cartilage degradation, followed by incubation with human serum...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
L H W Kung, S Zaki, V Ravi, L Rowley, M M Smith, K M Bell, J F Bateman, C B Little
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if serum microRNA (miRNA) signatures were biomarkers of early cartilage degeneration in preclinical mouse models of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA) and inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: Cartilage degeneration was induced in 10-12 week old male C57BL6 mice by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) or intra-articular injection of methylated-bovine-serum-albumin (AIA), with sham-operated or saline-injected control animals (n = 6/treatment/time)...
September 9, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
J He, Y Jiang, P G Alexander, V Ulici, Y Zhu, S Wu, R S Tuan
OBJECTIVES: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP), which is located underneath the patella, close to cartilage surfaces, functions in distributing mechanical load and has been shown to produce cytokines. This study aims to assess the involvement of the IPFP in the progression of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA) through investigating the crosstalk between the IPFP and injured cartilage in vitro. METHODS: A single blunt impact (36 MPa) on healthy bovine articular cartilage explants was used to generate traumatized cartilage...
September 9, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Weikang Hu, Xiaoreng Feng, Xin Liu, Shulin Dai, Wen Zeng, Qing Jiang, Bin Chen, Changyun Quan, Kang Sun, Chao Zhang
In this paper, a series of copolymer hydrogels were fabricated from methacrylated poly(γ-glutamic acid) (mPGA) and poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA). The effect of ionic strength and pH on the swelling behavior and mechanical properties of these hydrogels were studied in detail. Release of Rhodamine B as a model drug from the hydrogel was evaluated under varied pH. In vitro photoencapsulation of bovine cartilage chondrocytes was performed to assess the cytotoxicity of this copolymer hydrogel. The results revealed that the copolymer hydrogel is ionic- and pH-sensitive, and does not exhibit acute cytotoxicity; this copolymer hydrogel may have promising application as matrix for controlled drug release and scaffolding material in tissue engineering...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Sara Marie Atkinson, Anneline Nansen
In this MiniReview, we summarise the body of knowledge on the delayed-type hypersensitivity arthritis (DTHA) model, a recently developed arthritis model with 100% incidence, low variation and synchronised onset in C57BL/6 (B6) mice, and compare it to other murine arthritis models. It is desirable to have robust arthritis models in B6 mice, as many transgene strains are bred on this background. However, several of the most widely used mouse model of arthritis cannot be induced in B6 mice without the drawback of lower incidence, reduced severity and higher variation, if at all...
August 24, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Wendy E Brown, Jerry C Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou
Juvenile and fetal, primary, fully differentiated cells are widely considered to be ideal cell types for tissue engineering applications. However, their use in tissue engineering may be hindered through contamination by undesirable cell types. These include blood-associated cells as well as unwanted resident cell types found both in healthy and pathologic donor tissues. Ammonium-chloride-potassium (ACK) lysing buffer is used to lyse red blood cells (RBCs) during the isolation of stem cell populations, but has not been explored for the purification of fully differentiated cells...
September 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
Khaled A Elsaid, Anand Ubhe, Ziyad Shaman, Gerard D'Souza
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 ra) can be disease-modifying in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). One limitation is its short joint residence time. We hypothesized that IL-1 ra encapsulation in poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres reduces IL-1 ra systemic absorption and provides an enhanced anti-PTOA effect. METHODS: IL-1 ra release kinetics and biological activity: IL-1 ra encapsulation into PLGA microsphere was performed using double emulsion solvent extraction...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
A C Moore, J F DeLucca, D M Elliott, D L Burris
This paper describes a new method, based on a recent analytical model (Hertzian biphasic theory (HBT)), to simultaneously quantify cartilage contact modulus, tension modulus, and permeability. Standard Hertzian creep measurements were performed on 13 osteochondral samples from three mature bovine stifles. Each creep dataset was fit for material properties using HBT. A subset of the dataset (N = 4) was also fit using Oyen's method and FEBio, an open-source finite element package designed for soft tissue mechanics...
October 2016: Journal of Tribology
Erin Teeple, Naga Padmini Karamchedu, Katherine M Larson, Ling Zhang, Gary J Badger, Braden C Fleming, Gregory D Jay
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of arthroscopic irrigation on cartilage superficial zone lubricin and surface friction. Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy is one of the most commonly performed orthopedic surgeries in the United States, but rates of osteoarthritis progression following this procedure are high. The effect of arthroscopic irrigation on articular surface lubrication has not been previously considered as a contributing factor in outcomes after arthroscopy. Fourteen bovine stifle joints were randomized to receive arthroscopic irrigation (n=7) or no treatment (n=7)...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"