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bovine cartilage

Elizabeth Delve, Justin Parreno, Vivian Co, Po-Han Wu, Jasmine Chong, Matteo Di Scipio, Rita A Kandel
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that initially manifests as loss of the superficial zone (SZ) of articular cartilage. SZ chondrocytes (SZC) differ in morphology from other chondrocytes as they are elongated and oriented parallel to the tissue surface. Proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) and tenascin C (TNC) are molecules expressed by SZC, which have been shown to be chondroprotective. Identification of the signalling pathway(s) regulating expression of SZ molecules may lead to a therapeutic target that can be used to delay or prevent the onset of OA...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Teresa Veselack, Gregoire Aldebert, Ana-Maria Trunfio-Sfarghiu, Thomas M Schmid, Michel P Laurent, Markus A Wimmer
Introduction: Pre-clinical testing of hemiarthroplasty devices requires that the tribological conditions present in vivo with live cartilage be closely duplicated. A current limitation in the tribological testing of live cartilage involves the use of cell-culture media as lubricant. Study Aim: to develop and test a new hyaluronan-phospholipid based medium (HA-phospholipid medium) that combines the rheological and frictional properties of synovial fluid with the nourishing properties of culture media to keep cells alive...
2018: Lubricants
Zohreh Arabshahi, Isaac Oluwaseun Afara, Hayley Ruscoe Moody, Karsten Schrobback, Jamal Kashani, Nadine Fischer, Adekunle Oloyede, Travis Jacob Klein
The conventional mechanical properties of articular cartilage, such as compressive stiffness, have been shown to have limited capacity to distinguish visually normal from degraded cartilage samples. In this study, a new mechanical indentation framework for assessing functional properties of articular cartilage during loading/unloading, i.e. deformation and recovery, was established. The capacity of a ring-shaped indenter integrated with an ultrasound transducer to distinguish mechanically intact from proteoglycan-depleted tissue was investigated...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
M M Pleumeekers, L Nimeskern, J L M Koevoet, M Karperien, K S Stok, G J V M van Osch
AIMS: Combining mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and chondrocytes has great potential for cell-based cartilage repair. However, there is much debate regarding the mechanisms behind this concept. We aimed to clarify the mechanisms that lead to chondrogenesis (chondrocyte driven MSC-differentiation versus MSC driven chondroinduction) and whether their effect was dependent on MSC-origin. Therefore, chondrogenesis of human adipose-tissue-derived MSCs (hAMSCs) and bone-marrow-derived MSCs (hBMSCs) combined with bovine articular chondrocytes (bACs) was compared...
2018: PloS One
U Hagag, M G Tawfiek
The aims of the present study were to describe the normal ultrasonographic, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomographic (CT) appearances of the bovine metacarpo/metatarsophalangeal (MCP/MTP) joints and to assess the normal cross-sectional dimensions of the superficial (SDFT) and deep (DDFT) digital flexor tendons. A systematic ultrasound examination was performed on the MCP/MTP joints of 22 healthy cattle and two bovine cadavers, and the cross-sectional dimensions of the SDFT and DDFT were recorded...
March 2018: Veterinary Journal
Michelle L Delco, Edward D Bonnevie, Hazel S Szeto, Lawrence J Bonassar, Lisa A Fortier
No disease-modifying osteoarthritis (OA) drugs are available to prevent posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). Mitochondria (MT) mediate the pathogenesis of many degenerative diseases, and recent evidence indicates that MT dysfunction is a peracute (within minutes to hours) response of cartilage to mechanical injury. The goal of this study was to investigate cardiolipin-targeted mitoprotection as a new strategy to prevent chondrocyte death and cartilage degeneration after injury. Cartilage was harvested from bovine knee joints and subjected to a single, rapid impact injury (24...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Victoria Horbert, Long Xin, Peter Foehr, Olaf Brinkmann, Matthias Bungartz, Rainer H Burgkart, T Graeve, Raimund W Kinne
Objective Limitations of matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte implantation to regenerate functional hyaline cartilage demand a better understanding of the underlying cellular/molecular processes. Thus, the regenerative capacity of a clinically approved hydrogel collagen type I implant was tested in a standardized bovine cartilage punch model. Methods Cartilage rings (outer diameter 6 mm; inner defect diameter 2 mm) were prepared from the bovine trochlear groove. Collagen implants (± bovine chondrocytes) were placed inside the cartilage rings and cultured up to 12 weeks...
February 1, 2018: Cartilage
Iffah Nadhira Madzuki, Seng Fong Lau, Nur Adeelah Che Ahmad Tantowi, Nur Iliyani Mohd Ishak, Suhaila Mohamed
The tropical herb Labisia pumila is traditionally used in facilitating childbirth and post-partum care. The effects of L. pumila leaf extract (LP) in explant cartilage culture and on postmenopausal osteoarthritis (OA) rat model were assessed. The LP (10, 25 and 50 µg/ml) or diclofenac (10 µg/ml) was added to the cartilage explants containing bovine IL-1β (20 ng/ml), to evaluate their direct effects on cartilage degradation. In the preclinical study, rats were grouped (n = 8) into: non-treated OA; OA + diclofenac (5 mg/kg); OA + LP extract (150 and 300 mg/kg); and healthy control...
February 19, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
R J Craddock, N W Hodson, M Ozols, T Shearer, J A Hoyland, M J Sherratt
Although the composition and structure of cartilaginous tissues is complex, collagen II fibrils and aggrecan are the most abundant assemblies in the articular cartilage (AC) and nucleus pulposus (NP) of the intervertebral disc (IVD). Whilst structural heterogeneity of intact (three globular domain) aggrecan is well characterised, the extent of aggrecan fragmentation in healthy tissues is poorly defined. Using young, yet skeletally mature (18-30 months) bovine AC and NP tissues, it was shown that, whilst the ultrastructure of intact aggrecan was tissue-dependent, most molecules (AC: 95 %; NP: 99...
February 9, 2018: European Cells & Materials
Lorenza Henao-Murillo, Keita Ito, Corrinus C van Donkelaar
Collagen damage in articular cartilage is considered nearly irreversible and may be an early indication of cartilage degeneration. Surface fibrillation and internal collagen damage may both develop after overloading. This study hypothesizes that damage develops at these different locations, because the distribution of excessive strains varies with loading rate as a consequence of time-dependent cartilage properties. The objective is to explore whether collagen damage could preferentially occur superficially or internally, depending on the magnitude and rate of overloading...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Philippa Bowland, Eileen Ingham, John Fisher, Louise M Jennings
Robust preclinical test methods involving tribological simulations are required to investigate and understand the tribological function of osteochondral repair interventions in natural knee tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of osteochondral allograft implantation on the local tribology (friction, surface damage, wear and deformation) of the tissues in the natural knee joint using a simple geometry, reciprocating pin-on-plate friction simulator. In addition, the study aimed to assess the ability of osteochondral grafts to restore a low surface damage, deformation and wear articulation when compared to the native state...
January 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Adam B Yanke, Megan L Konopka, Davietta C Butty, Maximilian A Meyer, Eric J Cotter, Alejandro A Espinoza, Brian J Cole
Objective To determine biomechanical effects of knee cartilage defect perimeter morphology based on cartilage strain and opposing subchondral bone contact. Design Articular cartilage defects were created in 5 bovine femoral condyles: group 1, 45° inner bevel with 8-mm rim; group 2, vertical with 8-mm rim; and group 3, 45° outer bevel with 8-mm base. Samples were placed into a custom-machined micro-computed tomography tube and subjected to 800 N of axial loading. DICOM data were used to calculate cartilage thickness 4 and 6 mm from the center, distance between tibial cartilage surface and femoral subchondral bone, and contact width between tibial cartilage and subchondral bone...
January 1, 2018: Cartilage
Janne Ta Mäkelä, Benjamin G Cooper, Rami K Korhonen, Mark W Grinstaff, Brian D Snyder
OBJECTIVE: Depletion of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and degradation of collagen network are early hallmarks of osteoarthritis. Currently, there are no chondroprotective therapies that mitigate the loss of GAGs or effectively restore the collagen network. Recently, a novel polymeric cartilage supplement was described that forms a charged interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) reconstituting the hydrophilic properties of the extracellular matrix. To investigate the mechanism by which this hydrophilic IPN improves articular cartilage material properties, a finite element (FE) model is used to evaluate the IPN's effect on the fibrillar collagen network, nonfibrillar matrix, and interstitial fluid flow...
January 8, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Sirisha Tadimalla, Monique C Tourell, Robert Knott, Konstantin I Momot
Measurements of the orientational dispersion of collagen fibers in articular cartilage were made using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) on matched bovine articular cartilage samples. Thirteen pairs of samples were excised from bovine knee joints; each pair was taken from neighboring locations in the same bone. One sample from each pair was used for DTI measurements and the other for SAXS measurements. Fractional anisotropy (FA) values were calculated from the DTI data both for the individual imaging voxels and for whole regions of interest (ROI)...
January 3, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Robert L Trevino, Jonathan Stoia, Michel P Laurent, Carol A Pacione, Susan Chubinskaya, Markus A Wimmer
Mechano-biochemical wear encompasses the tribological interplay between biological and mechanical mechanisms responsible for cartilage wear and degradation. The aim of this study was to develop and start validating a novel tribological testing system, which better resembles the natural joint environment through incorporating a live cartilage-on-cartilage articulating interface, joint specific kinematics, and the application of controlled mechanical stimuli for the measurement of biological responses in order to study the mechano-biochemical wear of cartilage...
March 2017: Biotribology
Ditte Reker, Cecilie F Kjelgaard-Petersen, Anne Sofie Siebuhr, Martin Michaelis, Anne Gigout, Morten A Karsdal, Christoph Ladel, Anne C Bay-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Sprifermin (recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 18) is in clinical development as a potential disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD). In vitro studies have shown that cartilage regenerative properties of sprifermin involve chondrocyte proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) production. To gain further insight into the process of sprifermin in the cartilage tissue, this study aimed at investigating the ECM turnover of articular cartilage explants in a longitudinal manner...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Alessandra Bielli, Roberta Bernardini, Dimitrios Varvaras, Piero Rossi, Giancarlo Di Blasi, Giuseppe Petrella, Oreste Claudio Buonomo, Maurizio Mattei, Augusto Orlandi
Implants made from naturally-derived biomaterials, also called biological meshes or biomeshes, typically derive from decellularized extracellular matrix of either animal or human tissue. Biomeshes have many biomedical applications such as ligament repair, bone and cartilage regeneration and soft tissue replacement. Bovine collagen is one of the most widely used and abundantly available xenogenic materials. In particular, bovine pericardium is widely used as extracellular matrix bioprosthetic tissue. The efficiency of a pericardial mesh to function as scaffold depends on the quality of the decellularization protocol used...
February 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Mitchell C Coleman, Marc J Brouillette, Nicholas S Andresen, Rebecca E Oberley-Deegan, James M Martin
Post-traumatic osteoarthritis can develop as a result of the initial mechanical impact causing the injury and also as a result of chronic changes in mechanical loading of the joint. Aberrant mechanical loading initiates excessive production of reactive oxygen species, oxidative damage, and stress that appears to damage mitochondria in the surviving chondrocytes. To probe the benefits of increasing superoxide removal with small molecular weight superoxide dismutase mimetics under severe loads, we applied both impact and overload injury scenarios to bovine osteochondral explants using characterized mechanical platforms with and without GC4403, MnTE-2-PyP, and MnTnBuOE-2-PyP...
November 30, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Shuiliang Shi, Brian J Kelly, Congrong Wang, Ken Klingler, Albert Chan, George J Eckert, Stephen B Trippel
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is a key regulator of chondrogenesis, but its therapeutic application to articular cartilage damage is limited by rapid elimination from the repair site. The human IGF-I gene gives rise to three IGF-I propeptides (proIGF-IA, proIGF-IB and proIGF-IC) that are cleaved to create mature IGF-I. In this study, we elucidate the processing of IGF-I precursors by articular chondrocytes, and test the hypotheses that proIGF-I isoforms bind to heparin and regulate articular chondrocyte biosynthesis...
March 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
P Behrendt, M Feldheim, A Preusse-Prange, J T Weitkamp, M Haake, D Eglin, B Rolauffs, J Fay, A Seekamp, A J Grodzinsky, B Kurz
OBJECTIVE: The application of adjunctive mediators in Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) techniques might be useful for improving the dedifferentiated chondrocyte phenotype, to support neocartilage formation and inhibit post-traumatic cartilage destruction. In this study we examined if (a) interleukin 10 treatment can cause chondrogenic phenotype stabilization and matrix preservation in mechanically injured cartilage and if (b) IL-10 can promote chondrogenesis in a clinically applied collagen scaffold for ACI treatment...
February 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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