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Atefeh Bahmanzadegan, Vahid Rowshan, Faraneh Zareiyan, Ahmad Hatami
Lagoecia cuminoides L. belongs to the family of Umbelliferae (Apiaceae), and known also as common wild cumin. The aerial parts of L. cuminoides were collected at the flowering stage and dried, then the methanolic extract was analyzed for polyphenol compounds identified by HPLC-DAD and antioxidant activity (DPPH(2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging assay). It was found that the predominant phenolic constituents were chlorogenic acid, hesperidin, rosmarinic acid, hesperetin and vanillin. The antioxidant activity of methanolic extract from L...
March 7, 2018: Natural Product Research
Almas F Memon, Amber R Solangi, Saima Q Memon, Arfana Mallah, Najma Memon
Recently, an increasing interest has been observed in ionic liquids (ILs) due to their potentialities in various chemical processes. ILs have some unique properties making them excellent additives in capillary electrophoresis. In this work a simple, rapid, and reliable capillary zone electrophoretic (CZE) method has been developed and validated using 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BMIM-PF6 ) ionic liquid as a buffer additive for the determination/separation of five flavonoids including hesperedin, epicatechin (EC), epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and morin using photodiode array (PDA) detector...
February 27, 2018: Electrophoresis
Thoria Donia, Marian Nabil, Tarek M Mohamed
There are global increased interests to identify novel agents that can possess anti-tumor effects or maximize the anti-tumor effects of low doses for conventional anti-cancer drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate anti-tumor effects and protective role of isolated hesperidin from sweet orange on doxorubicin-induced toxicity in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) bearing mice. Tumor cells were injected into Swiss albino mice followed by hesperidin administration either alone or in combination with doxorubicin...
February 23, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Mai Ishikawa, Mayu Kawasaki, Yoshihito Shiono, Takuya Koseki
α-L-Rhamnosyl-β-D-glucosidase (rutinosidase) hydrolyzes the glycosidic linkage between the disaccharide 6-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-β-D-glucoside (rutinose) and the aglycone. We identified a hypothetical protein (annotated as AO090012000917) encoded in the Aspergillus oryzae genome that exhibits sequence similarity with Aspergillus niger rutinosidase. The recombinant enzyme was expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115 and purified as a glyco-protein with apparent molecular mass of 65-75 kDa by SDS-PAGE. After N-deglycosylation, we observed a 42- and 40-kDa band, representing proteins before and after N-terminal signal peptide processing, respectively...
February 23, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Fatemeh Homayouni, Fatemeh Haidari, Mehdi Hedayati, Mehrnoosh Zakerkish, Kambiz Ahmadi
Elevated levels of reactive oxygen species under diabetic condition lead to vascular complications and inflammation. This study aimed to examine the effects of hesperidin supplement on blood pressure and inflammatory markers in type 2 diabetes. In this research, 64 patients were randomly allocated to receive 500 mg/day hesperidin or placebo capsules for 6 weeks. Data on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC), tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6 (IL-6), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were collected at the baseline and at the end of the study...
February 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Evelien Van Rymenant, Bouke Salden, Stefan Voorspoels, Griet Jacobs, Bart Noten, Judit Pitart, Sam Possemiers, Guy Smagghe, Charlotte Grootaert, John Van Camp
SCOPE: Bioavailability strongly determines polyphenol bioactivity, and is strongly influenced by food matrix, enzymatic and microbial degradation and gastro-intestinal absorption. To avoid human trials for pre-screening of polyphenol bioavailability, studies have focused on in vitro model development. Nevertheless, their predictive value for bioavailability can be questioned. METHOD AND RESULTS: We used the orange flavonoid hesperidin 2S to validate a model combining digestion in the simulator of the human intestinal microbial ecosystem (SHIME ® ) and Caco-2 cell transport, with a human intervention study...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Maria Guirro, Andrea Costa, Andreu Gual-Grau, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Helena Torrell, Pol Herrero, Núria Canela, Lluís Arola
Over the last few years, the application of high-throughput meta-omics methods has provided great progress in improving the knowledge of the gut ecosystem and linking its biodiversity to host health conditions, offering complementary support to classical microbiology. Gut microbiota plays a crucial role in relevant diseases such as obesity or cardiovascular disease, and its regulation be closely influenced by several factors, such as dietary composition. In fact, polyphenol-rich diets are the most palatable treatment to prevent hypertension associated with cardiovascular disease, although the polyphenol-microbiota interactions have not been completely elucidated...
February 10, 2018: Electrophoresis
Hee Jeong Lee, A-Rang Im, Su-Man Kim, Hyung-Sik Kang, Jae Dong Lee, Sungwook Chae
BACKGROUND: Hesperidin is a flavonoid with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune modulatory activities. Photoaging is a consequence of chronic exposure to the sun and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of hesperidin against photoaging of dorsal skin in hairless mice. METHODS: Hairless male mice (6-week-old) were divided into three groups (n = 7): control, UVB-treated vehicle, and UVB-treated hesperidin groups. UVB-irradiated mice from hesperidin group were orally administered 0...
January 30, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Komal Rao, Sabahat Aziz, Talat Roome, Anam Razzak, Bushra Sikandar, Khawar Saeed Jamali, Muhammad Imran, Tooba Jabri, Muhammad Raza Shah
Nanomedicines anticipate drug delivery to inflamed tissues in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with greater efficacy and lesser side effects. This study investigates the anti-arthritic potentials of Hesperidin (HP) loaded in gum acacia (GA) stabilized green silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Synthesized GA-AgNPs were characterized through UV-vis spectrophotometer, zetasizer and atomic force microscope (AFM). The HP and its loaded NPs were tested for RA in Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced arthritis model. GA-AgNPs were found in nano-range size with negative charge, spherical shape and loaded increased HP amount...
January 30, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Sahar Sobhy Abd Elhalem, Nawal Zakaria Haggag, Nashwa Ahmed El-Shinnawy
Interleukin-9 (IL-9) has been shown to be upregulated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The exact role of IL-9 has not yet been effectively studied. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown a promising immunomodulatory role towards repairing cartilage and restoring joint function. One of the key problems influencing the therapeutic efficacy of stem cell therapy is the poor cell survival following transplantation. This is attributed to oxidative and inflammatory stresses at the injured sites. Hesperidin (Hsd), a flavanone present in citrus fruits, has been studied as potential therapeutic agents that have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities...
January 23, 2018: Autoimmunity
Jungwhoi Lee, Jungsul Lee, Myungseung Kim, Jae Hoon Kim
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most dangerous cancers with high mortality rates. Despite continuous efforts, there has been limited improvement in its prognosis. In this study, we prepared fermented extract of Citrus unshiu peel (fCUP) from the by-product after juice processing and then examined the anticancer effects of fCUP on human pancreatic cancer cells. Treatment with fCUP inhibited the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells through induction of caspase-3 cleavage both in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with fCUP also blocked the migration of human pancreatic cancer cells through activation of intracellular signaling pathways such as MKK3/6 and P38...
January 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Anjana Adhikari-Devkota, Sara Mustafa Idris Elbashir, Takashi Watanabe, Hari Prasad Devkota
Flowers of Citrus plants are used as mild sedatives and for the treatment of insomnia in traditional medicines. In Japan, tea made from the flowers of Satsuma mandarin is consumed as healthy drink. Hesperidin (1), hesperetin (2), rutin (3), quercetin (4), nicotiflorin (5), eriocitrin (6), narirutin (7), phenylethyl glucoside (8) and unshuoside A (9) were isolated from the MeOH extract of fresh flowers. Structure elucidation of these compounds was performed on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data. Among them, rutin (3), quercetin (4) and eriocitrin (6) showed potent free radical scavenging activity, whereas hesperetin (2) and quercetin (4) showed potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activity...
January 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
Seham El Hawary, Abeer El Sayed, Maged W Helmy, El Moataz Bellah El Naggar, Hanan S Marzouk, Samar M Bassam
Yucca aloifolia, Y. aloifolia variegata, Y. elephantipes and Y. filamentosa were investigated. DNA sequencing was performed for the four plants and a genomic DNA fingerprint was obtained and provided. The cytotoxic activities against four human cancer cell lines were investigated. The ethanolic extracts of leaves of Y. aloifolia variegata prevailed, especially against liver cancer HepG-2 and breast cancer MCF-7. In vivo assessment of hepatoprotective activity in rats also revealed the hepatoprotective potential of the ethanolic extracts of the four plants against CCl4- induced rats' liver damage...
January 5, 2018: Natural Product Research
Ju-Han Liu, Yung-Yi Cheng, Chen-Hsi Hsieh, Tung-Hu Tsai
BACKGROUND: Commercial pharmaceutical herbal products have enabled people to take traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in a convenient and accessible form. However, the quantity and quality should be additionally inspected. To address the issue, a combination of chemical and physical inspection methods were developed to evaluate the amount of an herbal formula, Xiang-Sha-Liu-Jun-Zi-Tang (XSLJZT), in clinical TCM practice. METHODS: A high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) method with electrospray ionization was developed to measure the herbal biomarkers of guanosine, atractylenolide III, glycyrrhizic acid, dehydrocostus lactone, hesperidin, and oleanolic acid from XSLJZT...
December 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Rui-Feng Liang, Wen-Jing Ge, Zheng Wei, Xue-Xia Zhang, Wei-Feng Cui, Xue Liu, Geng-Sheng Li
Tongxie Yaofang (TXYF) is a famous formula that has been used for treating gastrointestinal diseases in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Saposhnikoviae Radix is considered as a meridian guiding drug in TXYF and could enhance the effectiveness of prescription. However, the scientific evidence for this effect is still not clear. To reveal the interactions of Saposhnikoviae Radix with other herbs, we conducted this study on the pharmacokinetic profile and tissue distribution of active ingredients of TXYF in rats...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Miaomiao Li, Xuan Chen, Shuang Hu, Runqin Wang, Xiaoli Peng, Xiaohong Bai
Oil-in-salt hollow fiber liquid phase microextraction coupled with high performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) was developed for determination of the blood concentrations of the main active compounds, hesperidin, honokiol, shikonin, magnolol, emodin and β,β'-dimethylacrylshikonin, after oral administration of Zi-Cao-Cheng-Qi decoction (ZCCQD) and their total plasma protein binding rates. In the procedure, a hollow fiber segment was immersed in organic solvent to fill the solvent in the fiber lumen and wall pore, and then the fiber was immersed into sodium chloride solution to cover a thin salt membrane on the fiber wall pore filling organic solvent...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Wayne Young Liu, Shorong-Shii Liou, Tang-Yao Hong, I-Min Liu
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of hesperidin, a plant based active flavanone found in citrus fruits, under the oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by high levels of glucose in retinal ganglial cells (RGCs). RGC-5 cells were pretreated with hesperidin (12.5, 25, or 50 μmol/L) for 6 h followed by exposure to high (33.3 mmol/L) d-glucose for 48 h. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was adopted to evaluate cell viability...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
Hyungmin Jeong, Ai N H Phan, Jong-Whan Choi
Background: Polyphenolic phytochemicals are natural compounds, easily found in fruits and vegetables. Importantly, polyphenols have been intensively studied as excellent antioxidant activity which contributes to anticancer function of the natural compounds. Lung cancer has been reported to mainly account for cancer-related deaths in the world. Moreover, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance is one of the biggest issues in cancer treatment, especially in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Márcia Rósula Poetini, Stífani Machado Araujo, Mariane Trindade de Paula, Vandreza Cardoso Bortolotto, Luana Barreto Meichtry, Francielli Polet de Almeida, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse, Simone Noremberg Kunz, Marina Prigol
This study has evaluated the action of flavonoid hesperidin on the neurotoxic effects caused by the intake of iron (Fe) in Drosophila melanogaster. Male adult flies, aged 1-3 days, have been divided into four groups of 50 each: (1) control, (2) Hsd 10 μM, (3) Fe 20 mM (4) Hsd 10 μM + Fe 20 mM. During the exposure protocol, the flies have been exposed to a diet containing Hsd and/or Fe for 48 h. The survival and behavioral analyses have been carried out in vivo, and ex vivo. The analyses involved acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and Fe levels in the flies' heads and bodies and determination of dopaminergic levels, cellular and mitochondrial viability, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), reactive species levels (RS), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and contents of total thiols and non-proteic thiols (NPSH) in the flies' heads...
January 5, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Yang Gao, Xiufeng Wu, Hui Wang, Wenbo Lu, Mandong Guo
The highly sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor of hesperidin based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) is reported. The AuNPs and rGO were uniformly introduced on the surface of the GCE via electrodeposition without any reducing agents and have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), FT-IR, and electrochemical methods. The AuNPs/rGO not only promoted the accumulation of hesperidin onto the GCE surface for quantitative analysis but also accelerated the electron transfer between hesperidin and the electrode substrates...
December 18, 2017: Analyst
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