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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801309/determining-the-mechanisms-of-dietary-turnip-rapeseed-oil-on-cholesterol-metabolism-in-men-with-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Harri Juhani Saarinen, Chaiyasit Sittiwet, Piia Simonen, Markku J Nissinen, Ulf-Håkan Stenman, Helena Gylling, Ari Palomäki
We have earlier reported the reduction of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and oxidized LDL caused by short-term modification of diet with cold-pressed turnip rapeseed oil (CPTRO) instead of butter. The aim of this supplementary study was to determine whether the beneficial effects resulted from altered cholesterol metabolism during the intervention.Thirty-seven men with metabolic syndrome (MetS) completed an open, randomized and balanced crossover study. Subjects' usual diet was supplemented with either 37...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756104/drought-reduces-transmission-of-turnip-yellows-virus-an-insect-vectored-circulative-virus
#2
Michel Yvon, Denis Vile, Véronique Brault, Stéphane Blanc, Manuella van Munster
Application of a severe water deficit to Arabidopsis thaliana plants infected with a mutant of Turnip yellows virus (TuYV, Family Luteoviridae) triggers a significant alteration of several plant phenology traits and strongly reduces the transmission efficiency of the virus by aphids. Although virus accumulation in water-stressed plants was similar to that in plants grown under well-watered conditions, virus accumulation was reduced in aphids fed on plants under water deficit. These results suggest alteration of the aphid feeding behavior on plants under water deficit...
July 26, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752309/cadmium-phytoremediation-potential-of-turnip-compared-with-three-common-high-cd-accumulating-plants
#3
Xiong Li, Xiaoming Zhang, Boqun Li, Yuansheng Wu, Hang Sun, Yongping Yang
Phytoextraction is a phytoremediation technique used for remediating polluted soils and it greatly relies on the plants' capacities to accumulate contaminants. Turnip is a high cadmium (Cd)-accumulating plant. We compared the Cd tolerance, growth, and Cd accumulation characteristics of two turnip landraces with three additional commonly known high Cd-accumulating species to systematically estimate its Cd phytoremediation potential. Results showed that the turnips could tolerate relatively lower Cd concentrations than other plants...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736570/genome-wide-identification-and-functional-analysis-of-the-calcineurin-b-like-protein-and-calcineurin-b-like-protein-interacting-protein-kinase-gene-families-in-turnip-brassica-rapa-var-rapa
#4
Xin Yin, Qiuli Wang, Qian Chen, Nan Xiang, Yunqiang Yang, Yongping Yang
The calcineurin B-like protein (CBL)-CBL-interacting protein kinase (CIPK) complex has been identified as a primary component in calcium sensors that perceives various stress signals. Turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) has been widely cultivated in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau for a century as a food crop of worldwide economic significance. These CBL-CIPK complexes have been demonstrated to play crucial roles in plant response to various environmental stresses. However, no report is available on the genome-wide characterization of these two gene families in turnip...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735115/the-c-terminal-region-of-the-turnip-mosaic-virus-p3-protein-is-essential-for-viral-infection-via-targeting-p3-to-the-viral-replication-complex
#5
Xiaoyan Cui, Hoda Yaghmaiean, Guanwei Wu, Xiaoyun Wu, Xin Chen, Greg Thorn, Aiming Wang
Like other positive-strand RNA viruses, plant potyviruses assemble viral replication complexes (VRCs) on modified cellular membranes. Potyviruses encode two membrane proteins, 6K2 and P3. The former is known to play pivotal roles in the formation of membrane-associated VRCs. However, P3 remains to be one of the least characterized potyviral proteins. The P3 cistron codes for P3 as well as P3N-PIPO which results from RNA polymerase slippage. In this study, we show that the P3N-PIPO of Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) is required for viral cell-to-cell movement but not for viral replication...
July 20, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731285/plant-infection-by-two-different-viruses-induce-contrasting-changes-of-vectors-fitness-and-behavior
#6
Quentin Chesnais, Aude Couty, Maryline Uzest, Véronique Brault, Arnaud Ameline
Insect-vectored plant viruses can induce changes in plant phenotypes, thus influencing plant-vector interactions in a way that may promote their dispersal according to their mode of transmission (i.e. circulative vs. non-circulative). This indirect vector manipulation requires host-virus-vector co-evolution and would thus be effective solely in very specific plant-virus-vector species associations. Some studies suggest this manipulation may depend on multiple factors relative to various intrinsic characteristics of vectors such as transmission efficiency...
July 21, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720958/aroma-composition-of-shalgam-a-traditional-turkish-lactic-acid-fermented-beverage
#7
Hasan Tanguler, Serkan Selli, Kemal Sen, Turgut Cabaroglu, Huseyin Erten
Shalgam, a traditional red, cloudy and sour soft beverage, is produced by lactic acid fermentation of black carrot, sourdough, salt, bulgur flour, turnip and adequate water. The present study was designed to characterize the volatile compounds of shalgam obtained from different methods. The aroma compounds of shalgams produced by traditional and direct methods, and addition of Lactic acid bateria (LAB) cultures were examined. Volatile components of shalgam samples were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction technique with pentane/dichloromethane and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702918/assessment-of-potential-health-risk-of-fluoride-consumption-through-rice-pulses-and-vegetables-in-addition-to-consumption-of-fluoride-contaminated-drinking-water-of-west-bengal-india
#8
Piyal Bhattacharya, Alok Chandra Samal, Suman Banerjee, Jagadish Pyne, Subhas Chandra Santra
A study was conducted in fluoride-affected Bankura and Purulia districts of West Bengal to assess the potential health risk from fluoride exposure among children, teenagers, and adults due to consumption of rice, pulses, and vegetables in addition to drinking water and incidental ingestion of soil by children. Higher mean fluoride contents (13-63 mg/kg dry weight) were observed in radish, carrot, onion bulb, brinjal, potato tuber, cauliflower, cabbage, coriander, and pigeon pea. The combined influence of rice, pulses, and vegetables to cumulative estimated daily intake (EDI) of fluoride for the studied population was found to be 9...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661469/systemic-propagation-of-a-fluorescent-infectious-clone-of-a-polerovirus-following-inoculation-by-agrobacteria-and-aphids
#9
Sylvaine Boissinot, Elodie Pichon, Céline Sorin, Céline Piccini, Danièle Scheidecker, Véronique Ziegler-Graff, Véronique Brault
A fluorescent viral clone of the polerovirus Turnip yellows virus (TuYV) was engineered by introducing the Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein (EGFP) sequence into the non-structural domain sequence of the readthrough protein, a minor capsid protein. The resulting recombinant virus, referred to as TuYV-RTGFP, was infectious in several plant species when delivered by agroinoculation and invaded efficiently non-inoculated leaves. As expected for poleroviruses, which infect only phloem cells, the fluorescence emitted by TuYV-RTGFP was restricted to the vasculature of infected plants...
June 29, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656325/over-expression-of-gmsn1-enhances-virus-resistance-in-arabidopsis-and-soybean
#10
Hongli He, Xiangdong Yang, Hongwei Xun, Xue Lou, Shuzhen Li, Zhibin Zhang, Lili Jiang, Yingshan Dong, Shucai Wang, Jinsong Pang, Bao Liu
GmSN1 enhances virus resistance in plants most likely by affecting the expression of signal transduction and immune response genes. Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) infection causes severe symptom and leads to massive yield loss in soybean (Glycine max). By comparative analyzing gene expression in the SMV-resistant soybean cultivar Rsmv1 and the susceptible cultivar Ssmv1 at a transcriptome level, we found that a subgroup of Gibberellic Acid Stimulated Transcript (GAST) genes were down-regulated in SMV inoculated Ssmv1 plants, but not Rsmv1 plants...
June 27, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652582/the-timescale-of-emergence-and-spread-of-turnip-mosaic-potyvirus
#11
Ryosuke Yasaka, Hirofumi Fukagawa, Mutsumi Ikematsu, Hiroko Soda, Savas Korkmaz, Alireza Golnaraghi, Nikolaos Katis, Simon Y W Ho, Adrian J Gibbs, Kazusato Ohshima
Plant viruses have important global impacts on crops, and identifying their centre and date of emergence is important for planning control measures. Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) is a member of the genus Potyvirus in the family Potyviridae and is a major worldwide pathogen of brassica crops. For two decades, we have collected TuMV isolates, mostly from brassicas, in Turkey and neighbouring countries. This region is thought to be the centre of emergence of this virus. We determined the genomic sequences of 179 of these isolates and used these to estimate the timescale of the spread of this virus...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640193/identification-of-light-independent-anthocyanin-biosynthesis-mutants-induced-by-ethyl-methane-sulfonate-in-turnip-tsuda-brassica-rapa
#12
Jian-Fei Yang, Yun-Zhu Chen, Saneyuki Kawabata, Yu-Hua Li, Yu Wang
The epidermis of swollen storage roots in purple cultivars of turnip "Tsuda" (Brassica rapa) accumulates anthocyanin in a light-dependent manner, especially in response to UV-A light, of which the mechanism is unclear. In this study, we mutagenized 15,000 seeds by 0.5% (v/v) ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) and obtained 14 mutants with abnormal anthocyanin production in their epidermis of swollen storage roots. These mutants were classified into two groups: the red mutants with constitutive anthocyanin accumulation in their epidermis of storage roots even in underground parts in darkness and the white mutants without anthocyanin accumulation in the epidermis of storage roots in aboveground parts exposed to sunlight...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625680/plant-made-potyvirus-like-particles-used-for-log-increasing-antibody-sensing-capacity
#13
Ivonne González-Gamboa, Pilar Manrique, Flora Sánchez, Fernando Ponz
Deployment of the elongated flexuous virions of Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), a potyvirus, for peptide display on their external surface has been previously reported by us. Nonetheless, both in TuMV and other potyviruses some peptides hinder the ability of the virus to infect host plants. We found that a peptide derived from the human thrombin receptor (TR) inhibited TuMV infectivity. In an effort to get around this problem, TuMV virus-like particles (VLPs) were produced in plants by transient high-level expression of wild-type or recombinant coat protein (CP)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548627/combined-single-molecule-experimental-and-computational-approaches-for-understanding-the-unfolding-pathway-of-a-viral-translation-enhancer-that-participates-in-a-conformational-switch
#14
My-Tra Le, Wojciech K Kasprzak, Bruce A Shapiro, Anne E Simon
How plus-strand [+]RNA virus genomes transition from translation templates to replication templates is a matter of much speculation. We have previously proposed that, for Turnip crinkle virus, binding of the encoded RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) to the 3'UTR of the [+]RNA template promotes a regional wide-spread conformational switch to an alternative structure that disassembles the cap-independent translation element (CITE) in the 3'UTR. The active 3'CITE folds into a tRNA-like T-shaped structure (TSS) that binds to 80S ribosomes and 60S subunits in the P-site...
May 26, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512207/-organic-and-non-organic-a-tale-of-two-turnips
#15
Jon Stone, Alan Carson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502641/insights-in-luteovirid-structural-biology-guided-by-chemical-cross-linking-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#16
Mariko M Alexander, Jared P Mohr, Stacy L DeBlasio, Juan D Chavez, Veronique Ziegler-Graff, Veronique Brault, James E Bruce, Michelle Cilia
Interactions between plant pathogenic viruses in the family Luteoviridae and their plant hosts and insect vectors are governed by the topology of the viral capsid, which is the sole vehicle for long distance movement of the viral genome. Previous application of a mass spectrometry-compatible cross-linker to preparations of the luteovirid Potato leafroll virus (PLRV; Luteoviridae: Polerovirus) revealed a detailed network of interactions between viral structural proteins and enabled generation of the first cross-linking guided coat protein models...
May 11, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467423/water-deficit-enhances-the-transmission-of-plant-viruses-by-insect-vectors
#17
Manuella van Munster, Michel Yvon, Denis Vile, Beatriz Dader, Alberto Fereres, Stéphane Blanc
Drought is a major threat to crop production worldwide and is accentuated by global warming. Plant responses to this abiotic stress involve physiological changes overlapping, at least partially, the defense pathways elicited both by viruses and their herbivore vectors. Recently, a number of theoretical and empirical studies anticipated the influence of climate changes on vector-borne viruses of plants and animals, mainly addressing the effects on the virus itself or on the vector population dynamics, and inferring possible consequences on virus transmission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464063/the-plant-orthology-browser-an-orthology-and-gene-order-visualizer-for-plant-comparative-genomics
#18
Dan Tulpan, Serge Leger
Worldwide genome sequencing efforts for plants with medium and large genomes require identification and visualization of orthologous genes, while their syntenic conservation becomes the pinnacle of any comparative and functional genomics study. Using gene models for 20 fully sequenced plant genomes, including model organisms and staple crops such as Coss., (L.) Heynh., (L.) Beauv., turnip ( L.), barley ( L.), rice ( L.), sorghum [ (L.) Moench], wheat ( L.), red wild einkorn ( Tumanian ex Gandilyan), and maize ( L...
March 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437137/differential-requirement-of-the-ribosomal-protein-s6-and-ribosomal-protein-s6-kinase-for-plant-virus-accumulation-and-interaction-of-s6-kinase-with-potyviral-vpg
#19
Minna-Liisa Rajamäki, Dehui Xi, Sidona Sikorskaite-Gudziuniene, Jari P T Valkonen, Steven A Whitham
Ribosomal protein S6 (RPS6) is an indispensable plant protein regulated, in part, by ribosomal protein S6 kinase (S6K) which, in turn, is a key regulator of plant responses to stresses and developmental cues. Increased expression of RPS6 was detected in Nicotiana benthamiana during infection by diverse plant viruses. Silencing of the RPS6 and S6K genes in N. benthamiana affected accumulation of Cucumber mosaic virus, Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), and Potato virus A (PVA) in contrast to Turnip crinkle virus and Tobacco mosaic virus...
May 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413433/protoplast-isolation-prior-to-flow-cytometry-reveals-clear-patterns-of-endoreduplication-in-potato-tubers-related-species-and-some-starchy-root-crops
#20
F Parker E Laimbeer, Sarah H Holt, Melissa Makris, Michael Alan Hardigan, C Robin Buell, Richard E Veilleux
BACKGROUND: Endoreduplication, the process of DNA replication in the absence of cell division, is associated with specialized cellular function and increased cell size. Genes controlling endoreduplication in tomato fruit have been shown to affect mature fruit size. An efficient method of estimating endoreduplication is required to study its role in plant organ development. Flow cytometry is often utilized to evaluate endoreduplication, yet some tissues and species, among them the tubers of Solanum tuberosum, remain intractable to routine tissue preparation for flow cytometry...
2017: Plant Methods
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