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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918484/drug-herb-interactions-in-the-elderly-patient-with-ibd-a-growing-concern
#1
REVIEW
Haider Rahman, Marina Kim, Galen Leung, Jesse A Green, Seymour Katz
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is becoming more prevalent with the elderly being the fastest growing group. Parallel to this, there is an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Nearly half of patients with IBD have used CAM at one time. The elderly patients, however, are burdened by comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, and altered functional status. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine in our elderly patients with IBD, it is vital for the provider to provide counsel on drug-herb potential interactions...
September 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914423/influences-of-nitrogen-fertilization-and-energy-supplementation-for-growth-perfomance-of-beef-cattle-on-alexander-grass
#2
Tiago Venturini, Luís Fernando Glasenapp de Menezes, Marcelo Marcos Montagner, Wagner Paris, Gean Rodrigo Schmitz, Marcos Luis Molinete
This study evaluated the influences of nitrogen fertilizer and energy supplementation cattle on the growth performance of beef cattle. This study was conducted at the Federal University of Technology of Paraná, Dois Vizinhos through continuous grazing on 6.3 ha, divided into nine paddocks. The treatments were: Alexander grass +100 kg ha(-1) of N (N100); Alexander grass + 100 kg ha(-1) of N + 0.5 kg per 100 kg of weight live supplementation of wheat bran (N100S); and Alexander grass +200 kg ha(-1) of N (N200), with an average herbage allowance of 10% for all treatments...
September 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912789/alignment-of-common-wheat-and-other-grass-genomes-establishes-a-comparative-genomics-research-platform
#3
Sangrong Sun, Jinpeng Wang, Jigao Yu, Fanbo Meng, Ruiyan Xia, Li Wang, Zhenyi Wang, Weina Ge, Xiaojian Liu, Yuxian Li, Yinzhe Liu, Nanshan Yang, Xiyin Wang
Grass genomes are complicated structures as they share a common tetraploidization, and particular genomes have been further affected by extra polyploidizations. These events and the following genomic re-patternings have resulted in a complex, interweaving gene homology both within a genome, and between genomes. Accurately deciphering the structure of these complicated plant genomes would help us better understand their compositional and functional evolution at multiple scales. Here, we build on our previous research by performing a hierarchical alignment of the common wheat genome vis-à-vis eight other sequenced grass genomes with most up-to-date assemblies, and annotations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891462/co-infection-with-a-wheat-rhabdovirus-causes-a-reduction-in-mal-de-r%C3%A3-o-cuarto-virus-titer-in-its-planthopper-vector
#4
A D Dumón, E B Argüello Caro, M F Mattio, V Alemandri, M Del Vas, G Truol
Mal de Río Cuarto virus (MRCV, Fijivirus, Reoviridae) causes one of the most important diseases in maize (Zea mays L.) in Argentina and has been detected in mixed infections with a rhabdovirus closely related to Maize yellow striate virus. In nature both viruses are able to infect maize and several grasses including wheat, and are transmitted in a persistent propagative manner by Delphacodes kuscheli Fennah (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). This work describes the interactions between MRCV and rhabdovirus within their natural vector and the consequences of such co-infection regarding virus transmission and symptom expression...
September 11, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889344/emission-factors-from-different-burning-stages-of-agriculture-wastes-in-mexico
#5
Naxieli Santiago-De la Rosa, Violeta Mugica-Álvarez, Francisco Cereceda-Balic, Fabián Guerrero, Karen Yáñez, Magin Lapuerta
Open-air burning of agricultural wastes from crops like corn, rice, sorghum, sugar cane, and wheat is common practice in Mexico, which in spite limiting regulations, is the method to eliminate such wastes, to clear the land for further harvesting, to control grasses, weeds, insects, and pests, and to facilitate nutrient absorption. However, this practice generates air pollution and contributes to the greenhouse effect. Burning of straws derived from the said crops was emulated in a controlled combustion chamber, hence determining emission factors for particles, black carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and nitric oxide throughout the process, which comprised three apparent stages: pre-ignition, flaming, and smoldering...
September 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881082/molecular-characterization-of-the-broad-spectrum-resistance-to-powdery-mildew-conferred-by-the-stpk-v-gene-from-the-wild-species-haynaldia-villosa
#6
Chen Qian, Chaofan Cui, Xiaojuan Wang, Chuanyu Zhou, Ping Hu, Meina Li, Ruochen Li, Jin Xiao, Xiue Wang, Peidu Chen, Liping Xing, Aizhong Cao
A key member of the Pm21 resistance gene locus, Stpk-V, derived from Haynaldia villosa was shown to confer broad-spectrum resistance to wheat powdery mildew. The present study was planned to investigate the resistance mechanism mediated by Stpk-V. In this study, the transcriptome analysis was performed in Stpk-V transgenic plants and its recipient Yangmai158 upon Bgt infection, and detailed histochemical observations were also conducted. Chromosome location of Stpk-V orthologous genes in triticeae species was conducted for evolutionary study and over-expression of Stpk-V both in barley and Arabidopsis were performed for functional study...
September 7, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857322/new-insights-into-structural-organization-and-gene-duplication-in-a-1-75-mb-genomic-region-harboring-the-%C3%AE-gliadin-gene-family-in-aegilops-tauschii-the-source-of-wheat-d-genome
#7
Naxin Huo, Lingli Dong, Shengli Zhang, Yi Wang, Tingting Zhu, Toni Mohr, Susan Altenbach, Zhiyong Liu, Jan Dvorak, Olin D Anderson, Ming-Cheng Luo, Daowen Wang, Yong Q Gu
Among the wheat prolamins important for its end-use traits, α-gliadins are the most abundant and also a major cause of food-related allergies and intolerances. Previous studies of various wheat species estimated between 25 to 150 α-gliadin genes reside in the Gli-2 locus regions. To better understand the evolution of this complex gene family, the DNA sequence of a 1.75-Mb genomic region spanning the Gli-2 locus was analyzed in the diploid grass, Aegilops tauschii, the ancestral source of D genome in hexaploid bread wheat...
August 30, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843753/anaerobic-digestion-co-digestion-kinetic-potentials-of-different-agro-industrial-wastes-a-comparative-batch-study-for-c-n-optimisation
#8
Zubayeda Zahan, Maazuza Z Othman, Tim H Muster
Anaerobic digestion (AD) of different agro-industrial wastes and their co-digestion potential has been exhaustively studied in this research. It explores variation of feedstock characteristics such as biodegradability and methane potential during AD and anaerobic co-digestion (ACoD) of chicken litter (CL) with yoghurt whey (YW), organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW), hay grass (HG) and wheat straw (WS) under mesophilic conditions. Comparative performance was made at different loading concentrations (2%, 3% and 4% VS) with 1:2g/g VS of substrate to inoculum and carrying C/N ratio...
August 23, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831967/replacing-wheat-with-canola-meal-and-maize-grain-in-the-diet-of-lactating-dairy-cows-feed-intake-milk-production-and-cow-condition-responses
#9
Ruairi P McDonnell, Martin vH Staines
This research paper describes the effect of partially replacing wheat with maize grain and canola meal on milk production and body condition changes in early lactation Holstein-Friesian dairy cows consuming a grass silage-based diet over an 83-d period. Two groups of 39 cows were stratified for age, parity, historical milk yield and days in milk (DIM), and offered one of two treatment diets. The first treatment (CON) reflected a typical diet used by Western Australian dairy producers in summer and comprised (kg DM/cow per d); 8 kg of annual ryegrass silage, 6 kg of crushed wheat (provided once daily in a mixed ration), 3·6 kg of crushed lupins (provided in the milking parlour in two daily portions) and ad libitum lucerne haylage...
August 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822549/effect-of-substituting-soybean-meal-and-canola-cake-with-grain-based-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-as-a-protein-source-on-feed-intake-milk-production-and-milk-quality-in-dairy-cows
#10
C Gaillard, M T Sørensen, M Vestergaard, M R Weisbjerg, A Basar, M K Larsen, H Martinussen, U Kidmose, J Sehested
The growth of the bioethanol industry is leading to an increase in the production of coproducts such as dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). Both corn-based DDGS and grain-based DDGS (gDDGS; defined as originating from grain sources such as barley, wheat, triticale, or a mix, excluding corn) appear to be relevant sources of feed and protein for dairy cows. To date, most of the studies investigating DDGS have been performed with corn-based DDGS. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of the proportion of gDDGS in the diet on feed intake, milk production, and milk quality...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807084/linseed-plus-nitrate-in-the-diet-for-fattening-bulls-effects-on-methane-emission-animal-health-and-residues-in-offal
#11
M Doreau, M Arbre, M Popova, Y Rochette, C Martin
The combination of linseed and nitrate is known to decrease enteric methane emission in dairy cows but few studies have been carried out in fattening cattle for animal liveweight gain, enteric methane emission, animal health and presence of residues in beef products. To address this gap, 16 young bulls received a control (C) diet between weaning at 9 months and 14 months, then were split into two groups of eight balanced on feed intake, BW gain and methane emission to receive either the C diet or a diet moderately supplemented with extruded linseed and calcium nitrate (LN) for 2 months before being slaughtered...
August 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800691/the-landscape-model-a-model-for-exploring-trade-offs-between-agricultural-production-and-the-environment
#12
Kevin Coleman, Shibu E Muhammed, Alice E Milne, Lindsay C Todman, A Gordon Dailey, Margaret J Glendining, Andrew P Whitmore
We describe a model framework that simulates spatial and temporal interactions in agricultural landscapes and that can be used to explore trade-offs between production and environment so helping to determine solutions to the problems of sustainable food production. Here we focus on models of agricultural production, water movement and nutrient flow in a landscape. We validate these models against data from two long-term experiments, (the first a continuous wheat experiment and the other a permanent grass-land experiment) and an experiment where water and nutrient flow are measured from isolated catchments...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776783/major-structural-genomic-alterations-can-be-associated-with-hybrid-speciation-in-aegilops-markgrafii-triticeae
#13
Tatiana V Danilova, Alina R Akhunova, Eduard D Akhunov, Bernd Friebe, Bikram S Gill
During evolutionary history, many grasses from the tribe Triticeae underwent interspecific hybridization resulting in allopolyploidy, whereas homoploid hybrid speciation was found only in rye. Homoeologous chromosomes within the Triticeae preserved cross-species macrocolinearity, except for a few species with rearranged genomes. Aegilops markgrafii, a diploid wild relative of wheat (2x=2n=14), has a highly asymmetrical karyotype that is indicative of chromosome rearrangements. Molecular cytogenetics and next-generation sequencing were used to explore the genome organization...
August 4, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766148/biology-and-management-of-avena-fatua-and-avena-ludoviciana-two-noxious-weed-species-of-agro-ecosystems
#14
Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Muhammad Javaid Akhter, Nadeem Iqbal, Arslan Masood Peerzada, Zarka Hanif, Sudheesh Manalil, Saima Hashim, Hafiz Haider Ali, Lynda Kebaso, David Frimpong, Halima Namubiru, Bhagirath Singh Chauhan
Avena fatua and Avena ludoviciana are closely related grass weed species infesting a large number of crops around the world. These species are widely distributed in diverse agro-ecosystems from temperate to sub-tropical regions due to their unique seed traits, successful germination ecology, high competitive ability, and allelopathic potential. A. fatua is more widespread, adaptable, and problematic than A. ludoviciana. Both these species infest major winter and spring crops, including wheat, oat, barley, canola, maize, alfalfa, and sunflower, causing up to 70% yield losses depending on crop species and weed density...
August 2, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764290/wheatgrass-green-blood-can-help-to-fight-cancer
#15
Rucha Diwakar Gore, Sangeeta Jayant Palaskar, Anirudha Ratnadeep Bartake
INTRODUCTION: Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and is one of the leading causes of death especially in developing countries like India. It is usually managed with the help of chemotherapeutic agents that are toxic not only to the tumor cells but also to normal cells in many ways. Whereas the traditional herbal medicines which are used from ancient days in India are generally known to be free of toxic effects and are effective. Wheatgrass is the young grass of the wheat plant 'Tritcumaestivum Linn', family Poaceae (Gramineae)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744298/poaceae-vs-abiotic-stress-focus-on-drought-and-salt-stress-recent-insights-and-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Simone Landi, Jean-Francois Hausman, Gea Guerriero, Sergio Esposito
Poaceae represent the most important group of crops susceptible to abiotic stress. This large family of monocotyledonous plants, commonly known as grasses, counts several important cultivated species, namely wheat (Triticum aestivum), rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), and barley (Hordeum vulgare). These crops, notably, show different behaviors under abiotic stress conditions: wheat and rice are considered sensitive, showing serious yield reduction upon water scarcity and soil salinity, while barley presents a natural drought and salt tolerance...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734097/first-report-of-ser653asn-mutation-endowing-high-level-resistance-to-imazamox-in-downy-brome-bromus-tectorum-l
#17
Vipan Kumar, Prashant Jha
BACKGROUND: Bromus tectorum L. is one of the most troublesome grass weed species in cropland and non-cropland areas of the northwestern USA. In summer 2016, a B. tectroum accession (R) that survived imazamox at the field-use rate (44 g ha(-1) ) in an imidazolinone-tolerant (IMI-tolerant or Clearfield™) winter wheat field was collected from a wheat field in Carter County, MT, USA. The aim of this study was to determine the resistance profile of the B. tectroum R accession to imazamox and other ALS inhibitors, and investigate the mechanism of resistance to imazamox...
July 22, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688260/soil-aggregate-stability-and-size-selective-sediment-transport-with-surface-runoff-as-affected-by-organic-residue-amendment
#18
Pu Shi, Christian Arter, Xingyu Liu, Martin Keller, Rainer Schulin
Aggregate breakdown influences the availability of soil particles for size-selective sediment transport with surface runoff during erosive rainfall events. Organic matter management is known to affect aggregate stability against breakdown, but little is known about how this translates into rainfall-induced aggregate fragmentation and sediment transport under field conditions. In this study, we performed field experiments in which artificial rainfall was applied after pre-wetting on three pairs of arable soil plots (1...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664534/does-triacylglycerol-tag-serve-a-photoprotective-function-in-plant-leaves-an-examination-of-leaf-lipids-under-shading-and-drought
#19
Renée M Marchin, Tarryn L Turnbull, Audrey I Deheinzelin, Mark A Adams
Plant survival in many ecosystems requires tolerance of large radiation loads, unreliable water supply, and suboptimal soil fertility. We hypothesized that increased production of neutral lipids (triacylglycerols, TAGs) in plant leaves is a mechanism for dissipating excess radiation energy. In a greenhouse experiment, we combined drought and shade treatments and examined responses among four species differing in life form, habitat, and drought- and shade-tolerance. We also present a lipid extraction protocol suitable for sclerophyllous leaves of native Australian trees (e...
June 29, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651384/agaricus-bisporus-production-on-substrates-pasteurized-by-self-heating
#20
Stephania Colmenares-Cruz, José E Sánchez, Javier Valle-Mora
The aim of this work was to determine if the self-heating pasteurization procedure is technically applicable to the cultivation of Agaricus bisporus. Firstly the substrates alone (corncob, Pangola grass and a mixture of both ingredients with wood shavings) were tested. Two supplementation trials were then undertaken using soybean, wheat bran, sheep manure, sesame seed, black bean and chia. Highest production values (BE = 176.3% and Y = 26.6 kg/m(2)) were obtained using a 9% supplement, with a formula consisting of 25% each of soybean, black bean, wheat bran and chia, added at spawning and at casing...
December 2017: AMB Express
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