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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731281/glycaemic-control-and-the-risk-of-hospitalisation-for-infection-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-hong-kong-diabetes-registry
#1
Andrea O Y Luk, Eric S H Lau, Kitty K T Cheung, Alice P Kong, Ronald C W Ma, Risa Ozaki, Francis C C Chow, Wing-Yee So, Juliana C N Chan
BACKGROUND: Infection occurs more commonly in diabetic compared to general population and is an under-recognised but important morbidity in patients with diabetes. We examined the impact of glycaemic control on hospitalisation for infection in a large prospective cohort of Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Between July 1994 and June 2014, 22,846 patients with type 2 diabetes underwent detailed assessment of metabolic control and diabetes complications...
July 21, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710531/longitudinal-associations-of-parental-emotion-socialization-and-children-s-emotion-regulation-the-moderating-role-of-adhd-symptomatology
#2
Rosanna P Breaux, Julia D McQuade, Elizabeth A Harvey, Rebecca J Zakarian
Theory and research suggest that parents' reactions to children's emotions play a critical role in teaching children effective emotion regulation (ER) skills, but no studies have directly examined the role that parent emotion socialization plays in the development of ER in children with ADHD. Gaining insight into the causes of impaired ER, particularly in youth with ADHD who are known to have poor ER, has important theoretical and translational significance. The present study is the first to longitudinally examine whether emotion socialization predicts later physiological and adult-reported measures of ER in children with and without ADHD...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705427/invasive-disease-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-patients-hospitalized-for-6-years
#3
Vanessa Arias-Constantí, Victoria Trenchs-Sainz de la Maza, Nuria Elvira Sanz-Marcos, Carmina Guitart-Pardellans, Amadeu Gené-Giralt, Carles Luaces-Cubells
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The last years an increase of severe cases of invasive disease (ID) due to Streptococcus pyogenes or streptococcus b-hemolytic group A (SGA) had been detected. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiology and the clinical features of ID due to SGA in a tertiary Pediatric Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study in a Pediatric hospital, of all in-patients with final diagnosis of ID due to SGA during 6 years (2009-2014)...
July 10, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690602/geography-ethnicity-or-subsistence-specific-variations-in-human-microbiome-composition-and-diversity
#4
REVIEW
Vinod K Gupta, Sandip Paul, Chitra Dutta
One of the fundamental issues in the microbiome research is characterization of the healthy human microbiota. Recent studies have elucidated substantial divergences in the microbiome structure between healthy individuals from different race and ethnicity. This review provides a comprehensive account of such geography, ethnicity or life-style-specific variations in healthy microbiome at five major body habitats-Gut, Oral-cavity, Respiratory Tract, Skin, and Urogenital Tract (UGT). The review focuses on the general trend in the human microbiome evolution-a gradual transition in the gross compositional structure along with a continual decrease in diversity of the microbiome, especially of the gut microbiome, as the human populations passed through three stages of subsistence like foraging, rural farming and industrialized urban western life...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676932/monitoring-of-airborne-fungal-spore-load-in-relation-to-meteorological-factors-air-pollutants-and-allergic-symptoms-in-farakka-an-unexplored-biozone-of-eastern-india
#5
Shipra Roy, Arindom Chakraborty, Saibal Maitra, Kashinath Bhattacharya
Fungi are important components of atmosphere which play a major role in causing respiratory allergy upon inhalation. An airborne fungal spore survey was carried out in two outdoor environments in Farakka-an unexplored township covering the National Thermal Power Station, West Bengal, India for a period of 2 years (October 2013 to September 2015). A Burkard personal volumetric air sampler was used at 15 days interval to collect the total fungal spore load. A fungal spore calendar has been prepared depicting monthly average spore concentration in the air...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672783/vitamin-d-and-infectious-diseases-simple-bystander-or-contributing-factor
#6
REVIEW
Pedro Henrique França Gois, Daniela Ferreira, Simon Olenski, Antonio Carlos Seguro
Vitamin D (VD) is a fat-soluble steroid essential for life in higher animals. It is technically a pro-hormone present in few food types and produced endogenously in the skin by a photochemical reaction. In recent decades, several studies have suggested that VD contributes to diverse processes extending far beyond mineral homeostasis. The machinery for VD production and its receptor have been reported in multiple tissues, where they have a pivotal role in modulating the immune system. Similarly, vitamin D deficiency (VDD) has been in the spotlight as a major global public healthcare burden...
June 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646114/staphylococcus-aureus-strain-newman-photoinactivation-and-cellular-response-to-sunlight-exposure
#7
Jill S McClary, Lauren M Sassoubre, Alexandria B Boehm
Sunlight influences microbial water quality of surface waters. Previous studies have investigated photoinactivation mechanisms and cellular photostress responses of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), including Escherichia coli and enterococci, but further work is needed to characterize photostress responses of bacterial pathogens. Here we investigate the photoinactivation of Staphylococcus aureus (strain Newman), a pigmented, waterborne pathogen of emerging concern. We measured photodecay using standard culture-based assays and cellular membrane integrity; and investigated photostress response by measuring the relative number of mRNA transcripts of select oxidative stress, DNA repair, and metabolism genes...
June 23, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637274/association-of-bariatric-surgery-with-risk-of-infectious-diseases-a-self-controlled-case-series-analysis
#8
Tadahiro Goto, Atsushi Hirayama, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
Background: Although emerging data demonstrate that obesity is a risk factor for infectious diseases, no study has investigated the relationship of bariatric surgery with the risk of infectious diseases among obese adults. Methods: We conducted a self-controlled case series analysis using data from the State Emergency Department Database and State Inpatient Database of three US states (California, Florida, and Nebraska) from 2005 through 2011. We included obese adults who underwent bariatric surgery as an instrument of weight reduction...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634031/does-atopy-affect-the-course-of-viral-pneumonia
#9
S B Erdem, D Can, S Girit, F Çatal, V Şen, S Pekcan, H Yüksel, A Bingöl, I Bostancı, D Erge, R Ersu
BACKGROUND: The presence of atopy is considered as a risk factor for severe respiratory symptoms in children. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of atopy on the course of disease in children hospitalised with viral pneumonia. METHODS: Children between the ages of 1 and 6 years hospitalised due to viral pneumonia between the years of 2013 and 2016 were included to this multicentre study. Patients were classified into two groups as mild-moderate and severe according to the course of pneumonia...
June 17, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632826/-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-children-clinical-experience-in-a-pediatric-reference-center
#10
Carolina Carballo, Claudia Cazes, Mariana Matsuda, M Laura Praino, Noemí Rivas, Eduardo López
INTRODUCTION: Liver abscess is a serious and an uncommon pediatric disease. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: Description of 20 pediatric patients with liver abscess admitted in "Ricardo Gutierrez" Children's Hospital, a Tertiary Reference Center of Buenos Aires, between 2009 and 2015. RESULTS: The hospitalization rate was 35/100.000 admissions. Median age was 5 years old, male/female ratio 4/1. Five patients (25%) had predisposing factors. Median days at diagnosis were 12...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628457/clonal-clusters-and-virulence-factors-of-group-c-and-g-streptococcus-causing-severe-infections-manitoba-canada-2012-2014
#11
Sylvain A Lother, Walter Demczuk, Irene Martin, Michael Mulvey, Brenden Dufault, Philippe Lagacé-Wiens, Yoav Keynan
The incidence of group C and G Streptococcus (GCGS) bacteremia, which is associated with severe disease and death, is increasing. We characterized clinical features, outcomes, and genetic determinants of GCGS bacteremia for 89 patients in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who had GCGS bacteremia during 2012-2014. Of the 89 patients, 51% had bacteremia from skin and soft tissue, 70% had severe disease features, and 20% died. Whole-genome sequencing analysis was performed on isolates derived from 89 blood samples and 33 respiratory sample controls: 5 closely related genetic lineages were identified as being more likely to cause invasive disease than non-clade isolates (83% vs...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540196/significance-of-platelet-count-in-children-admitted-with-bronchiolitis
#12
Amar Al Shibli, Najla Alkuwaiti, May Hamie, Dima Abukhater, Muhammad B Noureddin, Abdulla Amri, Salwa Al Kaabi, Aysha Al Kaabi, Mariam Harbi, Hassib Narchi
AIM: To determine the true prevalence of thrombocytosis in children less than 2 years of age with bronchiolitis, its association with risk factors, disease severity and thromboembolic complications. METHODS: A retrospective observational medical chart review of 305 infants aged two years or less hospitalized for bronchiolitis. Clinical outcomes included disease severity, duration of hospital stay, admission to pediatric intensive care unit, or death. They also included complications of thrombocytosis, including thromboembolic complications such as cerebrovascular accident, acute coronary syndrome, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, mesenteric thrombosis and arterial thrombosis and also hemorrhagic complications such as bleeding (spontaneous hemorrhage in the skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal, respiratory, or genitourinary tracts)...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538439/nonlinear-imputation-of-pao2-fio2-from-spo2-fio2-among-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-the-icu-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Samuel M Brown, Abhijit Duggal, Peter C Hou, Mark Tidswell, Akram Khan, Matthew Exline, Pauline K Park, David A Schoenfeld, Ming Liu, Colin K Grissom, Marc Moss, Todd W Rice, Catherine L Hough, Emanuel Rivers, B Taylor Thompson, Roy G Brower
OBJECTIVES: In the contemporary ICU, mechanically ventilated patients may not have arterial blood gas measurements available at relevant timepoints. Severity criteria often depend on arterial blood gas results. Retrospective studies suggest that nonlinear imputation of PaO2/FIO2 from SpO2/FIO2 is accurate, but this has not been established prospectively among mechanically ventilated ICU patients. The objective was to validate the superiority of nonlinear imputation of PaO2/FIO2 among mechanically ventilated patients and understand what factors influence the accuracy of imputation...
August 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466645/gating-window-dependency-on-scanned-carbon-ion-beam-dose-distribution-and-imaging-dose-for-thoracoabdominal-treatment
#14
Shinichiro Mori, Masataka Karube, Shigeo Yasuda, Naoyoshi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Tsuji, Tadashi Kamada
OBJECTIVE: To explore the trade-off between dose assessment and imaging dose in respiratory gating with radiographic fluoroscopic imaging, we evaluated the relationship between dose assessment and fluoroscopic imaging dose in various gating windows, retrospectively. METHODS: Four-dimensional (4D) CT images acquired for 10 patients with lung and liver tumours were used for 4D treatment planning for scanned carbon ion beam. Imaging dose from two oblique directions was calculated by the number of images multiplied by the air kerma per image...
June 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463525/upper-airway-and-skin-symptoms-in-allergic-and-non-allergic-asthma-results-from-the-swedish-ga-2-len-study
#15
Mary Kämpe, Maria Vosough, Andrei Malinovschi, Mohammad Alimohammadi, Kjell Alving, Bertil Forsberg, Jan Lötvall, Roelinde Middelveld, Barbro Dahlén, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: Allergic and non-allergic asthma are viewed as separate entities, despite sharing similarities. The aims of this study were to determine differences in symptoms from the upper airways and the skin in allergic and non-allergic asthma. The secondary aims were to identify childhood risk factors and to compare quality of life in the two asthma groups. METHODS: This cohort (age 17-76 years) consisted of 575 subjects with allergic or non-allergic asthma and 219 controls...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447153/-neurodermatitis-atopy-of-the-skin
#16
R Fölster-Holst
Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common skin diseases and is associated with an impaired quality of life due to tormenting itching and stigmatization. The disease almost always manifests in early childhood and exhibits specific features in this phase, with involvement of the extensor sides of the extremities. During the further course of disease, the typical flexor involvement becomes quite clear and a considerable proportion of patients develop the associated atopic respiratory diseases. Therapeutic and prophylactic measures focus on the prevention of trigger factors, basic skin care, and application of lipid-replenishing creams, as well as patient and parent education...
April 26, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432719/effect-of-ficus-carica-leaf-extract-on-the-gene-expression-of-selected-factors-in-hacat-cells
#17
Murat Turkoglu, Erkin Pekmezci, Songul Kilic, Cihat Dundar, Hakan Sevinc
BACKGROUND: Ficus carica Linn. (Fc), common fig, has been traditionally used for many metabolic, cardiovasculary, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and skin disorders. Several studies were performed showing its anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anticancerogenic, and tissue-protective effects. In all of those studies, the positive effects of Fc were concluded as the result of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory features due to the polyphenols it contains. AIMS: To study the phenolic compounds of Fc extract and to investigate the molecular basis of anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, antimitotic, and anti-androgenic effects of Fc leaf extract in vitro...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426113/health-problems-among-thai-tourists-returning-from-india
#18
Jutarmas Olanwijitwong, Watcharapong Piyaphanee, Kittiyod Poovorawan, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Pornthep Chanthavanich, Pongdej Wichainprasast, Terapong Tantawichien
Background: The number of Thai tourists visiting India is increasing each year. Most studies investigating health problems among international travellers to India have focused on travellers from Europe or North America, and the applicability of these studies to Asian travellers is unknown. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data collected from Thai tourists who had recently completed a trip to India. A questionnaire on demographic data, travel characteristics, pre-travel health preparation, and health problems during the trip to India was administered...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423388/a-national-study-of-the-effect-of-race-socioeconomic-status-and-gender-on-burn-outcomes
#19
Hala Bedri, Kathleen S Romanowski, Junlin Liao, Ghassan Al-Ramahi, Jason Heard, Thomas Granchi, Lucy Wibbenmeyer
Age, burn size, and inhalation injury are the major contributing variables related to burn mortality. While the female gender has been linked to higher mortality, the impact of socioeconomic status has not been well studied. The interplay between these three factors is also unknown. This study sought to clarify the effects of these variables on outcomes in a national sample of patients with burns. A retrospective review of 172,640 patient records of the National Burn Repository (version 8, 2002-2011) data was conducted...
May 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412613/intensified-emotion-perception-in-depression-differences-in-physiological-arousal-and-subjective-perceptions
#20
Sofia Wenzler, Marleen Hagen, Mika P Tarvainen, Marietheres Hilke, Naddy Ghirmai, Ann-Caitlin Huthmacher, Marco Trettin, Rolf van Dick, Andreas Reif, Viola Oertel-Knöchel
People suffering from depression perceive themselves and their surroundings as more negative than healthy ones. An explanation might be that depressed individuals experience negative information as more stressful than non-depressed subjects and, consequently, respond in an amplified manner on a subjective and physiological level. To test this proposition, we presented 41 patients with recurrent depressive episodes and 42 controls with stimuli from the International Affective Picture System split into three valence categories while different parameters of physiological arousal (e...
July 2017: Psychiatry Research
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