keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

skin respiratory factor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540196/significance-of-platelet-count-in-children-admitted-with-bronchiolitis
#1
Amar Al Shibli, Najla Alkuwaiti, May Hamie, Dima Abukhater, Muhammad B Noureddin, Abdulla Amri, Salwa Al Kaabi, Aysha Al Kaabi, Mariam Harbi, Hassib Narchi
AIM: To determine the true prevalence of thrombocytosis in children less than 2 years of age with bronchiolitis, its association with risk factors, disease severity and thromboembolic complications. METHODS: A retrospective observational medical chart review of 305 infants aged two years or less hospitalized for bronchiolitis. Clinical outcomes included disease severity, duration of hospital stay, admission to pediatric intensive care unit, or death. They also included complications of thrombocytosis, including thromboembolic complications such as cerebrovascular accident, acute coronary syndrome, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, mesenteric thrombosis and arterial thrombosis and also hemorrhagic complications such as bleeding (spontaneous hemorrhage in the skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal, respiratory, or genitourinary tracts)...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538439/nonlinear-imputation-of-pao2-fio2-from-spo2-fio2-among-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-the-icu-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Samuel M Brown, Abhijit Duggal, Peter C Hou, Mark Tidswell, Akram Khan, Matthew Exline, Pauline K Park, David A Schoenfeld, Ming Liu, Colin K Grissom, Marc Moss, Todd W Rice, Catherine L Hough, Emanuel Rivers, B Taylor Thompson, Roy G Brower
OBJECTIVES: In the contemporary ICU, mechanically ventilated patients may not have arterial blood gas measurements available at relevant timepoints. Severity criteria often depend on arterial blood gas results. Retrospective studies suggest that nonlinear imputation of PaO2/FIO2 from SpO2/FIO2 is accurate, but this has not been established prospectively among mechanically ventilated ICU patients. The objective was to validate the superiority of nonlinear imputation of PaO2/FIO2 among mechanically ventilated patients and understand what factors influence the accuracy of imputation...
May 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466645/gating-window-dependency-on-scanned-carbon-ion-beam-dose-distribution-and-imaging-dose-for-thoracoabdominal-treatment
#3
Shinichiro Mori, Masataka Karube, Shigeo Yasuda, Naoyoshi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Tsuji, Tadashi Kamada
OBJECTIVE: To explore the trade-off between dose assessment and imaging dose in respiratory gating with X-ray fluoroscopic imaging, we evaluated the relationship between dose assessment and fluoroscopic imaging dose in various gating windows, retrospectively. METHODS: 4DCT images acquired for 10 patients with lung and liver tumors were used for 4D treatment planning for scanned carbon ion beam. Imaging dose from two oblique directions was calculated by the number of images multiplied by the air kerma per image...
May 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463525/upper-airway-and-skin-symptoms-in-allergic-and-non-allergic-asthma-results-from-the-swedish-ga-2-len-study
#4
Mary Kämpe, Maria Vosough, Andrei Malinovschi, Mohammad Alimohammadi, Kjell Alving, Bertil Forsberg, Jan Lötvall, Roelinde Middelveld, Barbro Dahlén, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: Allergic and non-allergic asthma are viewed as separate entities, despite sharing similarities. The aims of this study were to determine differences in symptoms from the upper airways and the skin in allergic and non-allergic asthma. The secondary aims were to identify childhood risk factors and to compare quality of life in the two asthma groups. METHODS: This cohort (age 17-76 years) consisted of 575 subjects with allergic or non-allergic asthma and 219 controls...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447153/-neurodermatitis-atopy-of-the-skin
#5
R Fölster-Holst
Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common skin diseases and is associated with an impaired quality of life due to tormenting itching and stigmatization. The disease almost always manifests in early childhood and exhibits specific features in this phase, with involvement of the extensor sides of the extremities. During the further course of disease, the typical flexor involvement becomes quite clear and a considerable proportion of patients develop the associated atopic respiratory diseases. Therapeutic and prophylactic measures focus on the prevention of trigger factors, basic skin care, and application of lipid-replenishing creams, as well as patient and parent education...
April 26, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432719/effect-of-ficus-carica-leaf-extract-on-the-gene-expression-of-selected-factors-in-hacat-cells
#6
Murat Turkoglu, Erkin Pekmezci, Songul Kilic, Cihat Dundar, Hakan Sevinc
BACKGROUND: Ficus carica Linn. (Fc), common fig, has been traditionally used for many metabolic, cardiovasculary, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and skin disorders. Several studies were performed showing its anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anticancerogenic, and tissue-protective effects. In all of those studies, the positive effects of Fc were concluded as the result of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory features due to the polyphenols it contains. AIMS: To study the phenolic compounds of Fc extract and to investigate the molecular basis of anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, antimitotic, and anti-androgenic effects of Fc leaf extract in vitro...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426113/health-problems-among-thai-tourists-returning-from-india
#7
Jutarmas Olanwijitwong, Watcharapong Piyaphanee, Kittiyod Poovorawan, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Pornthep Chanthavanich, Pongdej Wichainprasast, Terapong Tantawichien
Background: The number of Thai tourists visiting India is increasing each year. Most studies investigating health problems among international travellers to India have focused on travellers from Europe or North America, and the applicability of these studies to Asian travellers is unknown. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data collected from Thai tourists who had recently completed a trip to India. A questionnaire on demographic data, travel characteristics, pre-travel health preparation, and health problems during the trip to India was administered...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423388/a-national-study-of-the-effect-of-race-socioeconomic-status-and-gender-on-burn-outcomes
#8
Hala Bedri, Kathleen S Romanowski, Junlin Liao, Ghassan Al-Ramahi, Jason Heard, Thomas Granchi, Lucy Wibbenmeyer
Age, burn size, and inhalation injury are the major contributing variables related to burn mortality. While the female gender has been linked to higher mortality, the impact of socioeconomic status has not been well studied. The interplay between these three factors is also unknown. This study sought to clarify the effects of these variables on outcomes in a national sample of patients with burns. A retrospective review of 172,640 patient records of the National Burn Repository (version 8, 2002-2011) data was conducted...
May 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412613/intensified-emotion-perception-in-depression-differences-in-physiological-arousal-and-subjective-perceptions
#9
Sofia Wenzler, Marleen Hagen, Mika P Tarvainen, Marietheres Hilke, Naddy Ghirmai, Ann-Caitlin Huthmacher, Marco Trettin, Rolf van Dick, Andreas Reif, Viola Oertel-Knöchel
People suffering from depression perceive themselves and their surroundings as more negative than healthy ones. An explanation might be that depressed individuals experience negative information as more stressful than non-depressed subjects and, consequently, respond in an amplified manner on a subjective and physiological level. To test this proposition, we presented 41 patients with recurrent depressive episodes and 42 controls with stimuli from the International Affective Picture System split into three valence categories while different parameters of physiological arousal (e...
April 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410917/the-relative-contribution-of-provider-and-ed-level-factors-to-variation-among-the-top-15-reasons-for-ed-admission
#10
Imad Khojah, Suhui Li, Qian Luo, Griffin Davis, Jessica E Galarraga, Michael Granovsky, Ori Litvak, Samuel Davis, Robert Shesser, Jesse M Pines
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine adult emergency department (ED) admission rates for the top 15 most frequently admitted conditions, and assess the relative contribution in admission rate variation attributable to the provider and hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of ED encounters (≥18years) from 19 EDs and 603 providers (January 2012-December 2013), linked to the Area Health Resources File for county-level information on healthcare resources...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401320/the-virulence-factors-of-group-a-streptococcus-strains-isolated-from-invasive-and-non-invasive-infections-in-polish-and-german-centres-2009-2011
#11
M Strus, P B Heczko, E Golińska, A Tomusiak, A Chmielarczyk, M Dorycka, M van der Linden, A Samet, A Piórkowska
Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) is one of the major human pathogenic bacteria that cause a wide range of diseases. Currently, increased incidence of streptococcal invasive infections is observed worldwide. In this study, we focused on the prevalence of genes encoding superantigens and type M proteins in the population of GAS strains from invasive versus non-invasive infections. We tested 253 GAS strains: 48 strains from patients with invasive infections (18 from wound/deep skin localization, 30 from women in labour) and 205 strains from non-invasive forms (147 from common infections of the upper respiratory, 49 from the vagina of females with genital tract infections and 9 from non-invasive wound and superficial skin infections)...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398924/factors-leading-to-transmission-risk-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#12
Kerri A Thom, Clare Rock, Sarah S Jackson, J Kristie Johnson, Arjun Srinivasan, Laurence S Magder, Mary-Claire Roghmann, Robert A Bonomo, Anthony D Harris
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient and healthcare worker factors associated with transmission risk of Acinetobacter baumannii during patient care. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: ICUs at a tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: Adult ICU patients known to be infected or colonized with A. baumannii. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Cultures of skin, respiratory tract, and the perianal area were obtained from participants and evaluated for the presence of A...
April 10, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392046/efficacy-and-safety-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-antagonists-in-refractory-sarcoidosis-a-multicenter-study-of-132-patients
#13
Yvan Jamilloux, Fleur Cohen-Aubart, Catherine Chapelon-Abric, Delphine Maucort-Boulch, Alicia Marquet, Laurent Pérard, Laurence Bouillet, Alban Deroux, Sébastien Abad, Philip Bielefeld, Diane Bouvry, Marc André, Nicolas Noel, Boris Bienvenu, Alice Proux, Sandra Vukusic, Bahram Bodaghi, Françoise Sarrot-Reynauld, Jean Iwaz, Zahir Amoura, Christiane Broussolle, Patrice Cacoub, David Saadoun, Dominique Valeyre, Pascal Sève
INTRODUCTION: The off-label use of TNF antagonists in refractory sarcoidosis is increasingly reported but data on their efficacy and safety are still insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To report on efficacy and safety of TNF antagonists in severe and refractory sarcoidosis. METHODS: Examination of retrospective demographic, clinical, therapeutic, and adverse event data on 132 sarcoidosis patients (58% women; mean (min-max) age = 45.5 (14-78) years) given TNF antagonists (mainly infliximab, 91%) and investigation of response-linked factors...
March 8, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369684/gut-microbiome-standardization-in-control-and-experimental-mice
#14
Kathy D McCoy, Markus B Geuking, Francesca Ronchi
Mouse models are used extensively to study human health and to investigate the mechanisms underlying human disease. In the past, most animal studies were performed without taking into consideration the impact of the microbiota. However, the microbiota that colonizes all body surfaces, including the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, genitourinary tract, and skin, heavily impacts nearly every aspect of host physiology. When performing studies utilizing mouse models it is critical to understand that the microbiome is heavily impacted by environmental factors, including (but not limited to) food, bedding, caging, and temperature...
April 3, 2017: Current Protocols in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369454/general-practitioner-trainees-in-consultation-generation-of-clinical-questions-for-later-answering-prevalence-and-associations
#15
Parker Magin, Amanda Tapley, Andrew Davey, Simon Morgan, Elizabeth Holliday, Jean Ball, Susan Wearne, Kim Henderson, Nigel Catzikiris, Katie Mulquiney, Neil Spike, Rohan Kerr, Mieke van Driel
Background.: As well as generating patient-specific questions, patient consultations are a rich source of questions relating to clinicians' need to acquire or maintain wider clinical knowledge. This is especially so for GP trainees. Objectives.: To establish the prevalence and associations of GP trainees' generation of 'learning goals' (LGs: questions generated during clinical consultations for intended post-consultation answering). Also, to characterize the type of learning goals generated...
March 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361440/acid-suppressive-therapy-and-risk-of-infections-pros-and-cons
#16
REVIEW
Leon Fisher, Alexander Fisher
This narrative review summarises the benefits, risks and appropriate use of acid-suppressing drugs (ASDs), proton pump inhibitors and histamine-2 receptor antagonists, advocating a rationale balanced and individualised approach aimed to minimise any serious adverse consequences. It focuses on current controversies on the potential of ASDs to contribute to infections-bacterial, parasitic, fungal, protozoan and viral, particularly in the elderly, comprehensively and critically discusses the growing body of observational literature linking ASD use to a variety of enteric, respiratory, skin and systemic infectious diseases and complications (Clostridium difficile diarrhoea, pneumonia, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, septicaemia and other)...
March 30, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359131/-sports-injuries-and-illnesses-of-the-german-national-team-during-the-2016-olympic-summer-games-in-rio-de-janeiro
#17
Casper Grim, Thilo Hotfiel, Martin Engelhardt, Syndey Plewinski, Olav Spahl, Bernd Wolfarth
Background This article aims to survey and describe the injuries and illnesses of the German Team during the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. Methods Through an electronic documentation system, injuries and illnesses requiring treatment were recorded and evaluated. An injury or illness was defined as any physical symptom that required medical attention and impaired participation in training and/or competition. The classification distinguished between type of injury (acute or overload), region and type of illness (infections, skin, allergy, etc...
January 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358871/post-licensure-safety-evaluation-of-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine-in-the-three-major-ecological-zones-across-ghana
#18
Abraham R Oduro, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Margaret Gyapong, Isaac Osei, Alex Adjei, Abena Yawson, Edward Sobe, Rita Baiden, Martin Adjuik, Fred Binka
BACKGROUND: Uncommon and rare adverse events (AEs), with delayed onset may not be detected before new drugs are licensed and deployed. The present study examined the post licensure safety of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHP) as an additional treatment for malaria in Ghana. The relationship between the incidence of AEs, treatment completion rate, participant characteristics and concomitant medications are reported. METHODS: A study conducted from September 2013 to June 2014 in Navrongo, Kintampo and Dodowa health research centres in Ghana is presented...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355138/ultrasound-to-detect-pressure-related-deep-tissue-injuries-in-adults-admitted-via-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-descriptive-pilot-study
#19
Jonathan Scheiner, Karen Farid, Mark Raden, Seleshi Demisse
Stage 4 pressure ulcers (PUs) start with tissue death at the level of the bone, also known as deep tissue injury (DTI). Studies have shown the appearance of DTI on the skin is delayed for several days after the original pressure-related injury to the deep soft tissues. Studies also suggest DTI can be seen using ultrasound (US) technology. A prospective, descriptive, correlational pilot study was conducted to evaluate the use of US technology to detect DTI in the soft tissues that are not visible on the skin upon hospital admission...
March 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318782/role-of-the-microbiome-in-swine-respiratory-disease
#20
REVIEW
Megan C Niederwerder
Microbiome is a term used to describe the community of microorganisms that live on the skin and mucosal surfaces of animals. The gastrointestinal microbiome is essential for proper nutrition and immunity. How the gastrointestinal microbiome impacts primary respiratory or systemic infections is an emerging area of study. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is caused by a systemic virus infection with primary lung pathology and continues to be the most costly disease of swine worldwide. Recent studies have demonstrated that improved outcome after experimental infection with PRRS virus and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is associated with increased fecal microbiome diversity and the presence of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli...
March 2, 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
keyword
keyword
48414
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"