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C Gonçalves, G Wandalsen, F Lanza, A L Goulart, D Solé, A Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of allergic diseases and impaired pulmonary function may be high in children born prematurely. This study aimed to assess pulmonary function and prevalence of asthma, atopic diseases and allergic sensitisation in these patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with children aged 6-14 years who were born prematurely with birth weight <2000g from January 2008 to May 2011. Exclusion criteria were: major malformations, or acute respiratory disorders...
October 15, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
S Marques, R Carmo, I Ferreira, M Bustorff, S Sampaio, M Pestana
BACKGROUND: In solid organ transplant patients, 8% of invasive fungal infections are attributed to Cryptococcus. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, risk factors, clinical characteristics, and outcome of kidney transplant recipients (TR) infected with Cryptococcus. CASE SERIES: Between 2007 and 2014, a total of 500 kidney transplantations were performed at São João Hospital, in Porto, Portugal. Six infections by C. neoformans were reported, an incidence of 1...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Rolf Merget, Ngoc Pham, Maike Schmidtke, Swaantje Casjens, Vera van Kampen, Ingrid Sander, Olaf Hagemeyer, Kirsten Sucker, Monika Raulf, Thomas Brüning
PURPOSE: Medical surveillance of workers in precious metals refineries and catalyst production plants is well established in many countries as a measure to prevent occupational asthma due to platinum (Pt) salts. It was the aim of this study to evaluate the impact of medical surveillance and to define prognostic factors with an emphasis on exposure determinants. METHODS: As part of an observational longitudinal study, 96 workers from German precious metals refineries and catalyst production plants with Pt salt allergy underwent a second examination several years (median 67 months) after the initial diagnosis was made...
October 12, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Pedro Miguel Garcez Sardo, Cláudia Sofia Oliveira Simões, José Joaquim Marques Alvarelhão, João Filipe Fernandes Lindo Simões, Paulo Alexandre Puga Machado, Francisco Manuel Lemos Amado, António José Monteiro Amaro, Elsa Maria Oliveira Pinheiro de Melo
AIM: To gain more insight into the magnitude of the problem of pressure ulcer incidence in general wards of a Portuguese hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of electronic health record database from 7132 adult patients admitted to medical and surgical wards of Aveiro Hospital during 2012. The development of (at least) one pressure ulcer during the length of stay was associated with age, gender, type of admission, specialty units, first Braden Scale score, length of stay, patient discharge outcome and ICD-9 diagnosis...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Moisés A Calderón, Carmen Vidal, Pablo Rodríguez Del Río, Jocelyne Just, Oliver Pfaar, Ana I Tabar, Inmaculada Sánchez-Machín, Petra Bubel, Jesus Borja, Peter Eberle, Rainer Reiber, Michel Bouvier, Alain Lepelliez, Ludger Klimek, Pascal Demoly
BACKGROUND: Outside clinical trials, data on systemic reactions (SRs) due to allergen immunotherapy (AIT) are scarce. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal, web-based survey of "real-life" respiratory allergen immunotherapy (AIT) clinical practice was conducted in France, Germany and Spain. SRs were recorded and coded according to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) and risk factors associated with SRs were identified. RESULTS: A total of 4,316 patients (corresponding to 4,363 ongoing courses of AIT) were included...
October 8, 2016: Allergy
Jonathan D Pegan, Jasmine Zhang, Michael Chu, Thao Nguyen, Sun-Jun Park, Akshay Paul, Joshua Kim, Mark Bachman, Michelle Khine
This work presents a wrinkled Platinum (wPt) strain sensor with tunable strain sensitivity for applications in wearable health monitoring. These stretchable sensors show a dynamic range of up to 185% strain and gauge factor (GF) of 42. This is believed to be the highest reported GF of any metal thin film strain sensor over a physiologically relevant dynamic range to date. Importantly, sensitivity and dynamic range are tunable to the application by adjusting wPt film thickness. Performance is reliable over 1000 cycles with low hysteresis after sensor conditioning...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Anabel Martinez Lyons, Anna Ardissone, Aurelio Reyes, Alan J Robinson, Isabella Moroni, Daniele Ghezzi, Erika Fernandez-Vizarra, Massimo Zeviani
BACKGROUND: Assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (COX, complex IV, cIV), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, is assisted by several factors, most of which are conserved from yeast to humans. However, some of them, including COA7, are found in humans but not in yeast. COA7 is a 231aa-long mitochondrial protein present in animals, containing five Sel1-like tetratricopeptide repeat sequences, which are likely to interact with partner proteins. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was carried out on a 19 year old woman, affected by early onset, progressive severe ataxia and peripheral neuropathy, mild cognitive impairment and a cavitating leukodystrophy of the brain with spinal cord hypotrophy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Chien-Yi Chen, An-Kuo Chou, Yu-Lien Chen, Hung-Chieh Chou, Po-Nien Tsao, Wu-Shiun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) therapy is widely used in neonates, but the clinical practice varies. However, nursing practice differs among individuals, and an inappropriate application method may delay the respiratory therapy, influence the beneficial effect of NCPAP, and increase complications. We introduced a quality improvement project to expedite the application of NCPAP therapy and decrease the incidence of nasal trauma. METHODS: A new strategy of mobile NCPAP cart with prepacked fixation kits and a written protocol was implemented from April 2006...
July 26, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Isabella Quinti, Federica Pulvirenti, Patrizia Giannantoni, Joud Hajjar, Debra L Canter, Cinzia Milito, Damiano Abeni, Jordan S Orange, Stefano Tabolli
BACKGROUND: Generic health status quality of life (QoL) instruments have been used in patients with common variable immune deficiency (CVID). However, by their nature, these tools may over- or underestimate the impact of diseases on an individual's QoL. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire to measure specific-health-related QoL for adults with CVID (CVID_QoL). METHODS: The 32-item content of the CVID_QoL questionnaire was developed using focus groups and individual patient interviews...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Lenka Micenková, Juraj Bosák, Martin Vrba, Alena Ševčíková, David Šmajs
BACKGROUND: The study used a set of 407 human extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli strains (ExPEC) isolated from (1) skin and soft tissue infections, (2) respiratory infections, (3) intra-abdominal infections, and (4) genital smears. The set was tested for bacteriocin production, for prevalence of bacteriocin and virulence determinants, and for phylogenetic typing. Results obtained from the group of ExPEC strains were compared to data from our previously published analyses of 1283 fecal commensal E...
2016: BMC Microbiology
Pablo Rodríguez Del Río, Carmen Vidal, Jocelyne Just, Ana I Tabar, Inmaculada Sanchez-Machin, Peter Eberle, Jesus Borja, Petra Bubel, Oliver Pfaar, Pascal Demoly, Moises A Calderón
BACKGROUND: Safety data on "real-life" allergen immunotherapy (AIT) in children and adolescents is usually extrapolated from studies in adults. METHODS: Patients aged 18 or under initiating aeroallergen AIT were evaluated in a prospective European survey. Patient profiles and systemic reactions (SRs) were recorded. Descriptive, univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors for SRs. RESULTS: A total of 1,563 patients (mean±SD age: 11...
September 17, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Katrin Bossmann, Sabine Bach, Conny Höflich, Kerttu Valtanen, Rita Heinze, Anett Neumann, Wolfgang Straff, Katrin Süring
BACKGROUND: At Holi festivals, originally celebrated in India but more recently all over the world, people throw coloured powder (Holi powder, Holi colour, Gulal powder) at each other. Adverse health effects, i.e. skin and ocular irritations as well as respiratory problems may be the consequences. The aim of this study was to uncover some of the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We analysed four different Holi colours regarding particle size using an Electric field cell counting system...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Monika Stoma, Beata Ślaska-Grzywna, Wioletta A Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Małgorzata Kostecka, Monika Bojanowska, Agnieszka Dudziak, Agnieszka Kuna-Broniowska, Piotr Adamczuk, Paweł Sobczak, Dariusz Andrejko
INTRODUCTION: A food allergy is a group of symptoms occurring in the organism and resulting from consuming some food, where the problems are conditioned by immunological mechanisms. The symptoms may become apparent first in adulthood and they may be an initial manifestation of a latent allergy. Typical symptoms of a food allergy occur in different organs, thus not only in the digestive system, but also in the skin, respiratory system and circulatory system. AIM: To assess the frequency of food allergy onset in rural areas of the Lublin region as well as to determine which factors induce such allergies...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Salih Kuk, Yunus Uyar, Serkan Karaca, Süleyman Yazar
Microorganisms colonize tissues and organs such as the skin and gastrointestinal, respiratory, and genitourinary systems. These microorganisms are generally called as "human microbiota". Human microbiota mostly consists of commensal microorganisms. The commensal microorganisms located on and in the human body are bacteria, fungi, viruses, archaea, and parasites. The microbiota genome is 100 times bigger in size than the human genome. Although the human genome is stationary, microbial genome has a compatible flexible variability during human life...
June 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Stefano Aliberti, Luis F Reyes, Paola Faverio, Giovanni Sotgiu, Simone Dore, Alejandro H Rodriguez, Nilam J Soni, Marcos I Restrepo
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a major global health problem and pathogens such as meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have become of particular concern in the management of lower respiratory tract infections. However, few data are available on the worldwide prevalence and risk factors for MRSA pneumonia. We aimed to determine the point prevalence of MRSA pneumonia and identify specific MRSA risk factors in community-dwelling patients hospitalised with pneumonia. METHODS: We did an international, multicentre study of community-dwelling, adult patients admitted to hospital with pneumonia who had microbiological tests taken within 24 h of presentation...
September 1, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Mohamed Badr, Tamer Hassan, Hanan Sakr, Nehad Karam, Doaa Abdel Rahman, Doaa Shahbah, Marwa Zakaria, Sahbaa Fehr
Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (CIN) is the major dose-limiting toxicity of systemic chemotherapy and it is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and treatment cost. The aim of the present study was to identify the risk factors that may predispose pediatric cancer patients who receive myelosuppressive chemotherapy to CIN and associated sequelae. A total of 113 neutropenia episodes were analyzed and the risk factors for CIN were classified as patient-specific, disease-specific and regimen-specific, while the consequences of CIN were divided into infectious and dose-modifying sequelae...
September 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Grace Mousan, Deepak Kamat
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is a common condition encountered in children with incidence estimated as 2% to 7.5% in the first year of life. Formula and breast-fed babies can present with symptoms of CMPA. It is important to accurately diagnose CMPA to avoid the consequences of either under- or overdiagnosis. CMPA is classically categorized into immunoglobulin E (IgE)- or non-IgE-mediated reaction that vary in clinical manifestations, diagnostic evaluation, and prognosis. The most commonly involved systems in patients with CMPA are gastrointestinal, skin, and respiratory...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
J L Hine, S de Lusignan, D Burleigh, S Pathirannehelage, A McGovern, P Gatenby, S Jones, D Jiang, J Williams, A J Elliot, G E Smith, J Brownrigg, R Hinchcliffe, N Munro
AIM: To investigate the impact of glycaemic control on infection incidence in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We compared infection rates during 2014 in people with Type 2 diabetes and people without diabetes in a large primary care cohort in the UK (the Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre database). We performed multilevel logistic regression to investigate the impact of Type 2 diabetes on presentation with infection, and the effect of glycaemic control on presentation with upper respiratory tract infections, bronchitis, influenza-like illness, pneumonia, intestinal infectious diseases, herpes simplex, skin and soft tissue infections, urinary tract infections, and genital and perineal infections...
August 22, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Gregory E Miller, Sheldon Cohen, Denise Janicki-Deverts, Gene H Brody, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVE: Studies have revealed a phenomenon called skin-deep resilience, which develops in upwardly mobile African American youth. They perform well in school, maintain good mental health, and avoid legal problems. Despite outward indications of success, they also show evidence of worse health in biomarker studies. Here we extend this research, asking whether it manifests in differential susceptibility to upper respiratory infection, and if it emerges in European Americans as well. METHODS: The sample included 514 adults in good health, as judged by physician examination and laboratory testing...
November 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Leandro Zuccherato Camerro, Alex Sandro Campos Maia, Marcos Chiquitelli Neto, Cintia Carol de Melo Costa, Patric André Castro
The literature is very sparse regarding research on the thermal equilibrium in Guzerat cattle (Bos indicus) under field conditions. Some factors can modify the physiological response of Guzerat cattle, such as the reactivity of these animals to handling. Thus, the development of a methodology to condition and select Guzerat cattle to acclimate them to the routine collection of data without altering their physiological response was the objective of the preliminary experiment. Furthermore, the animals selected were used in the main experiment to determine their thermal equilibrium according to the thermal environment...
August 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
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