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Ding Tang, Keli Chen, Luqi Huang, Juan Li
Apigenin, a natural flavone, is widely distributed in plants such as celery, parsley and chamomile. It is present principally as glycosylated in nature. Higher intake of apigenin could reduce the risk of chronic diseases. It has gained particular interest in recent years as a beneficial, health-promoting agent with low intrinsic toxicity. Areas covered: This review summarizes and the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) properties of apigenin, and drug-drug interaction of apigenin. Expert opinion: Since apigenin is a bioactive plant flavone and is widely distributed in common food, its consumption through the diet is recommended...
October 21, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
F Borrisser-Pairó, N Panella-Riera, M Gil, Z Kallas, M B Linares, M Egea, M D Garrido, M A Oliver
Boar taint is an unpleasant odour and flavour present in some entire male pigs that is due to the presence of androstenone and skatole. The aim of the study was to assess the sensitivity of 150 consumers to androstenone and to compare the acceptability and liking of meat from castrated and entire pigs, cooked with different cooking methods. Meat samples consisted of loins from castrated (CM) and entire male pigs (EM) with high levels of androstenone cooked by two cooking methods: sous-vide and fried/breaded with garlic and parsley...
October 13, 2016: Meat Science
Meng-Yao Li, Xiong Song, Feng Wang, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Parsley, one of the most important vegetables in the Apiaceae family, is widely used in the food, medicinal, and cosmetic industries. Recent studies on parsley mainly focus on its chemical composition, and further research involving the analysis of the plant's gene functions and expressions is required. qPCR is a powerful method for detecting very low quantities of target transcript levels and is widely used to study gene expression. To ensure the accuracy of results, a suitable reference gene is necessary for expression normalization...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Areli Herrera Diaz, Izabella Kovacs, Christian Lindermayr
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small peptides with less than 50 amino acids and are part of the innate immune response in almost all organisms, including bacteria, vertebrates, invertebrates and plants. AMPs are active against a broad-spectrum of pathogens. The inducible expression of AMPs in plants is a promising approach to combat plant pathogens with minimal negative side effects, such as phytotoxicity or infertility. In this study, inducible expression of the de-novo designed AMP SP1-1 in Micro Tom tomato protected tomato fruits against bacterial spot disease caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv...
2016: PloS One
Rhett A Reichard, Suriya Subramanian, Mikiyas T Desta, Tej Sura, Mary L Becker, Comeron W Ghobadi, Kenneth P Parsley, Daniel S Zahm
Behavioral flexibility is subserved in part by outputs from the cerebral cortex to telencephalic subcortical structures. In our earlier evaluation of the organization of the cortical-subcortical output system (Reynolds and Zahm, J Neurosci 25:11757-11767, 2005), retrograde double-labeling was evaluated in the prefrontal cortex following tracer injections into pairs of the following subcortical telencephalic structures: caudate-putamen, core and shell of the accumbens (Acb), bed nucleus of stria terminalis (BST) and central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA)...
October 4, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
Giedė Samuolienė, Aušra Brazaitytė, Akvilė Viršilė, Julė Jankauskienė, Sandra Sakalauskienė, Pavelas Duchovskis
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of 638-nm and 665-nm LEDs on changes of antioxidants of basil (Ocimum basilicum) and parsley (Petroselinum crispum), and to assess the effect of light quality on antioxidative status. Plants were grown in peat substrate for 19 days (21/17 ±2°C, 16 h). Experiments were performed in (I) a controlled-environment: B455,R638,R665,FR731(control); B455,R*638,R665,FR731; B455,R638,R*665,FR731; R638; R665 (B-blue, R- red, FR-far-red light). PPFD was set from 231 during growth, upto 300 μmol m-2 s-1 during 3-day treatment changing R638 or R665 PPFD level; in (II) greenhouse (November): high-pressure sodium lamps (HPS) (control-300 μmol m-2s-1); and HPS + 638 (HPS generated 90 and red LEDs-210 μmol m-2s-1)...
2016: PloS One
Preetham Elumalai, Sreeja Lakshmi
Neurodegenerative disorders are often life threatening and hired as an economic burden to the health-care system. Nutritional interventions principally involving polyphenols were practiced to arrest or reverse the age-related health disorders. Flavonoids, a class of dietary polyphenols, are rising to superstardom in preventing brain disorders with their potent antioxidant defense mechanism. Quercetin is a ubiquitous flavonoid reported to have all-natural myriad of health benefits. Citrus fruits, apple, onion, parsley, berries, green tea, and red wine comprise the major dietary supplements of quercetin apart from some herbal remedies like Ginkgo biloba...
2016: Advances in Neurobiology
Konstantin Kanofsky, Mona Lehmeyer, Jutta Schulze, Reinhard Hehl
Plants recognize pathogens by microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and subsequently induce an immune response. The regulation of gene expression during the immune response depends largely on cis-sequences conserved in promoters of MAMP-responsive genes. These cis-sequences can be analyzed by constructing synthetic promoters linked to a reporter gene and by testing these constructs in transient expression systems. Here, the use of the parsley (Petroselinum crispum) protoplast system for analyzing MAMP-responsive synthetic promoters is described...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
G A Linde, Z C Gazim, B K Cardoso, L F Jorge, V Tešević, J Glamoćlija, M Soković, N B Colauto
Parsley [Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss] is regarded as an aromatic, culinary, and medicinal plant and is used in the cosmetic, food, and pharmaceutical industries. However, few studies with conflicting results have been conducted on the antimicrobial activity of parsley essential oil. In addition, there have been no reports of essential oil obtained from parsley aerial parts, except seeds, as an alternative natural antimicrobial agent. Also, microorganism resistance is still a challenge for health and food production...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
A Balsiger, M Clauss, A Liesegang, B Dobenecker, J-M Hatt
When offered diets with hay ad libitum, rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) clearly prefer open dishes over nipple drinkers, but whether this preference also applies in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) is unsure. We tested the drinker preference of 10 guinea pigs when offered open dishes (OD) and nipple drinkers (ND) simultaneously and measured the amount of water consumed by each animal on four different diets (grass hay 100%, or as 10% of intake on diets of fresh parsley, seed mix or pelleted complete feed, respectively) on either of the drinking systems...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Milan Radovich, Patrick J Kiel, Stacy M Nance, Erin E Niland, Megan E Parsley, Meagan E Ferguson, Guanglong Jiang, Natraj R Ammakkanavar, Lawrence H Einhorn, Liang Cheng, Mehdi Nassiri, Darrell D Davidson, Daniel A Rushing, Patrick J Loehrer, Roberto Pili, Nasser Hanna, J Thomas Callaghan, Todd C Skaar, Paul R Helft, Safi Shahda, Bert H O'Neil, Bryan P Schneider
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with metastatic solid tumors who had progressed on at least one line of standard of care therapy were referred to the Indiana University Health Precision Genomics Program. Tumor samples were submitted for DNA & RNA next-generation sequencing, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry for actionable targets. A multi-disciplinary tumor board reviewed all results. For each patient, the ratio of progression-free survival (PFS) of the genomically guided line of therapy divided by the PFS of their prior line was calculated...
July 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Ariella A Marchioro, Bruna T Tiyo, Cristiane M Colli, Carla Z de Souza, João L Garcia, Mônica L Gomes, Ana L Falavigna-Guilherme
Despite the high dispersion of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in the environment, there are few studies investigating their presence in vegetables consumed by the general population. This has led us to investigate its occurrence in raw vegetables. A total of 238 samples of vegetables were collected, including crisp lettuce, regular lettuce, chicory, rocket, and parsley, both organic and nonorganic, locally in northwestern Parana, Southern Brazil. Each sample (50 g) was washed and filtered separately. A PCR was performed to detect the parasite DNA from the sediment of each sample, using B1 (B22-23) and Toxo4-5 primers...
September 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Davoud Balarak, Masomeh Ebrahimi, Mohammad Jafari Modrek, Edris Bazrafshan, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Yousef Mahdavi
Parasitic diseases are among the most common problems in developing countries. Various parasitic forms such as cysts, larvae and eggs of the parasite are transmitted orally through the consumption of vegetables. So, the aim of this study was to evaluate parasitic contamination of fresh vegetables consumed in the city of Tabriz. This cross-sectional study was conducted for 3 months in 2014 in Tabriz. In this study, 1620 samples from 10 kinds of vegetables (leeks, basil, mint, chives, radishes, parsley, lettuce, watercress, tarragon and coriander) were collected from 54 vegetable shops...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Rogerio Tiyo, Carla Zangari de Souza, Ana Flávia Arruda Piovesani, Bruna Tiaki Tiyo, Cristiane Maria Colli, Ariella Andrade Marchioro, Monica Lucia Gomes, Ana Lucia Falavigna-Guilherme
We investigated the presence of Giardia duodenalis cysts and its genotypes in raw leafy vegetables sold in a Brazilian market. These products are different from those sold in most street markets because the producers themselves display and sell their products and rely on specialized technical and sanitary assistance. Vegetable and water samples were collected from 14 (80%) producers who cultivated vegetables that are typically consumed raw for sale at the market, obtained at the market and farms, respectively...
June 2016: Journal of Food Protection
Michael Kaleko, J Andrew Bristol, Steven Hubert, Todd Parsley, Giovanni Widmer, Saul Tzipori, Poorani Subramanian, Nur Hasan, Perrti Koski, John Kokai-Kun, Joseph Sliman, Annie Jones, Sheila Connelly
The gut microbiome, composed of the microflora that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract and their genomes, make up a complex ecosystem that can be disrupted by antibiotic use. The ensuing dysbiosis is conducive to the emergence of opportunistic pathogens such as Clostridium difficile. A novel approach to protect the microbiome from antibiotic-mediated dysbiosis is the use of beta-lactamase enzymes to degrade residual antibiotics in the gastrointestinal tract before the microflora are harmed. Here we present the preclinical development and early clinical studies of the beta-lactamase enzymes, P3A, currently referred to as SYN-004, and its precursor, P1A...
June 1, 2016: Anaerobe
Walaa G Hozayen, Mohamed A El-Desouky, Hanan A Soliman, Rasha R Ahmed, Amal K Khaliefa
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) is one of the serious side effects which have become the most common secondary osteoporosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of parsley, basil and chicory on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in rats. METHODS: Fifty Female rats were divided into five groups and treated for 8 weeks as follow: group 1 served as control; group (2) subcutaneously injected with 0.1 mg/kg b...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Bushra Ahmed Al-Hammad, Magda Magdy Abd El-Salam
This study was performed to determine the levels of eight heavy metals in irrigation well water and soil and to assess the suitability of some leafy green plants that are commonly cultivated in the Al-Kharj region, Saudi Arabia, for human consumption using an atomic absorption spectrometer. The mean concentrations of metals ranged from 0.0001 to 0.436 mg/L in well water and from 0.248 to 164.52 mg/kg in soil. The heavy metal concentrations showed significant differences among the different leafy green plants studied...
June 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Fotini Noli, Panagiotis Tsamos
The pollution of agricultural soils, waters and products in the regions of lignite mines and fired power plants is of great importance. The concentration of As, Βa, Co, Cr, Sr, Sc, Th, U, Zn in soils and waters in the vicinity of a lignite-fired power plant in Northern Greece was determined using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis. The determination frequency was every three months during a period of one year in order to evaluate the seasonal impact of the pollution to the environment. Measurements were performed in three locations around the lignite mine as well as in one reference location at a certain distance from the mine...
September 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Tareq M Osaili, Abbas F Al Jamali, Ibrahim M Makhadmeh, Mohammad Taha, Sukiena K Jarrar
Heavy metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in various vegetables (cabbage, green onion, lettuce, parsley, rocket, spinach, carrot, onion, potato and cauliflower) from the market in Jordan were measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn ranged from 0.009-0.275 mg kg(-1) wet weight, 0.004-0.060 mg kg(-1), 0.003-0.401 mg kg(-1), 0.105-3.51 mg kg(-1), 0.15-1.15 mg kg(-1), 0.93-14.39 mg kg(-1), 0.044-0.702 mg kg(-1), 0.072-0.289 mg kg(-1) and 2...
September 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Victor V Semenov, Dmitry V Tsyganov, Marina N Semenova, Roman N Chuprov-Netochin, Mikhail M Raihstat, Leonid D Konyushkin, Polina B Volynchuk, Elena I Marusich, Vera V Nazarenko, Sergey V Leonov, Alex S Kiselyov
A concise six-step protocol for the synthesis of isoflavone glaziovianin A (GVA) and its alkoxyphenyl derivatives 9 starting with readily available plant metabolites from dill and parsley seeds was developed. The reaction sequence involved an efficient conversion of the key intermediate epoxides 7 into the respective β-ketoaldehydes 8 followed by their Cu(I)-mediated cyclization into the target series 9. The biological activity of GVA and its derivatives was evaluated using a panel of seven human cancer cell lines and an in vivo sea urchin embryo assay...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
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