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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092761/chlorinated-and-ultraviolet-radiation-treated-reclaimed-irrigation-water-is-the-source-of-aeromonas-found-in-vegetables-used-for-human-consumption
#1
Fadua Latif-Eugenín, Roxana Beaz-Hidalgo, Carolina Silvera-Simón, Xavi Fernandez-Cassi, María J Figueras
Wastewater is increasingly being recognized as a key water resource, and reclaimed water (or treated wastewater) is used for irrigating vegetables destined for human consumption. The aim of the present study was to determine the diversity and prevalence of Aeromonas spp. both in reclaimed water used for irrigation and in the three types of vegetables irrigated with that water. Seven of the 11 (63.6%) samples of reclaimed water and all samples of vegetables were positive for the presence of Aeromonas. A total of 216 Aeromonas isolates were genotyped and corresponded to 132 different strains that after identification by sequencing the rpoD gene belonged to 10 different species...
January 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053955/role-of-apigenin-in-cancer-prevention-via-the-induction-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#2
REVIEW
Bokyung Sung, Hae Young Chung, Nam Deuk Kim
Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid commonly found in many fruits and vegetables such as parsley, chamomile, celery, and kumquats. In the last few decades, recognition of apigenin as a cancer chemopreventive agent has increased. Significant progress has been made in studying the chemopreventive aspects of apigenin both in vitro and in vivo. Several studies have demonstrated that the anticarcinogenic properties of apigenin occur through regulation of cellular response to oxidative stress and DNA damage, suppression of inflammation and angiogenesis, retardation of cell proliferation, and induction of autophagy and apoptosis...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049122/generation-of-gene-edited-chrysanthemum-morifolium-using-multi-copy-transgenes-as-targets-and-markers
#3
Mitsuko Kishi-Kaboshi, Ryutaro Aida, Katsutomo Sasaki
The most widely used gene editing technology-the CRISPR/Cas9 system-employs a bacterial monomeric DNA endonuclease known as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated protein 9 (Cas9) and single-guide RNA (sgRNA) that directs Cas9 to a complementary target DNA. However, introducing mutations into higher polyploid plant species, especially for species without genome information, has been difficult. Chrysanthemum morifolium (chrysanthemum) is one of the most important ornamental plants, but it is a hexaploid with a large genome; moreover, it lacks whole genome information...
January 3, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040159/relative-effectiveness-of-selected-preenrichment-media-for-the-detection-of-salmonella-from-leafy-green-produce-and-herbs
#4
Andrew P Jacobson, Hua Wang, Vikas S Gill, Robert Duvall, Gabriela Arce, Stuart Chirtel, Thomas S Hammack
Four buffered preenrichment media (BAX(®) System MP Media (BAX)), Universal Preenrichment Broth (UPB), modified Buffered Peptone Water (mBPW), and Buffered Peptone Water (BPW)) were compared with lactose broth (LB) in the Bacteriological Analytical Manual's (BAM) Salmonella culture method for the analysis of 9 leafy green produce and herb types. Artificially contaminated test portions were pre-enriched in each medium and the results were analyzed statistically using Fisher's Exact 2-tailed F test (p < 0...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012928/ameliorative-effect-of-parsley-oil-on-cisplatin-induced-hepato-cardiotoxicity-a-biochemical-histopathological-and-immunohistochemical-study
#5
Suhair A Abdellatief, Azza A A Galal, Sameh M Farouk, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim
Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum, CDDP) is an effective DNA alkylating agent used in the treatment of different types of tumors; however, its clinical use is associated with hepato-cardiotoxicity. The current study was designed to assess the potential protective effect of parsley oil (PO) against CDDP-induced hepato-cardiotoxicity. For this purpose, 25 adult male rats were assigned into five groups, each containing five animals. Group I (control) was administered saline solution. Group II was administered PO at a dosage of 0...
December 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011479/the-effects-of-petroselinum-crispum-on-estrogen-receptor-positive-benign-and-malignant-mammary-cells-mcf12a-mcf7
#6
Lennard Schröder, Julian Koch, Sven Mahner, Bernd P Kost, Simone Hofmann, Udo Jeschke, Jens Haumann, Julian Schmedt, Dagmar Ulrike Richter
BACKGROUND: Phytoestrogens have controversial effects on hormone-dependent tumors. Herein we investigated the effects of parsley root extract (PCE) on DNA synthesis performance, metabolic activity and cytotoxicity in malignant and benign breast cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PCE was prepared and analyzed by mass spectrometry. MCF7 and MCF12A cells were incubated with various concentrations of PCE and analyzed for DNA synthesis performance, metabolic activity and cytotoxicity by BrdU proliferation, MTT and LDH assays, respectively...
January 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989856/development-of-oral-site-specific-pellets-containing-flavonoid-extract-with-antioxidant-activity
#7
Zsófia Edit Pápay, Nikolett Kállai-Szabó, Krisztina Ludányi, Imre Klebovich, István Antal
Herbal medicines are recognized as an effective treatment of common diseases, mainly associated with oxidative stress. Therefore developing drug delivery systems of these biological active ingredients are gaining interest. Parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) is a well-known culinary herb and its leaf contains high amount of apigenin, therefore it is suitable as a natural source of this flavonoid. Apigenin possess many health effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. Unfortunately, these benefits are limited due to the low water solubility and bioavailability, it was recently classified as BCS II group compound...
October 29, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902522/the-effect-of-topical-use-of-petroselinum-crispum-parsley-versus-that-of-hydroquinone-cream-on-reduction-of-epidermal-melasma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Shahla Khosravan, Ali Alami, Hossein Mohammadzadeh-Moghadam, Vahide Ramezani
Melasma disfigures the skin and thus influences people's self-image and self-concept. Therefore, melasma influences emotional and psychosocial health in addition to physical health. This clinical trial was performed to assess the effect of the topical use of Petroselinum crispum (parsley) on reduction of the severity of epidermal melasma.
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885677/chemical-composition-of-microalgae-heterochlorella-luteoviridis-and-dunaliella-tertiolecta-with-emphasis-on-carotenoids
#9
Andressa Bacalau Diprat, Tania Menegol, Juliana Ferreira Boelter, Ariane Zmozinski, Maria Goreti Rodrigues Vale, Eliseu Rodrigues, Rosane Rech
BACKGROUND: Microalgae have been used as food supplements due their high protein, polyunsaturated fatty acids and carotenoid contents. As different carotenoids have distinct properties, and carotenoid composition from microalgae were poorly explored in the literature, this study determined the complete carotenoid composition from two microalgae species, Heterochlorella luteoviridis and Dunaliella tertiolecta, using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detector and a mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MS(2) )...
November 24, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862006/developmental-sexual-dimorphism-and-the-evolution-of-mechanisms-for-adjustment-of-sex-ratios-in-mammals
#10
Elissa Z Cameron, Amy M Edwards, Laura M Parsley
Sex allocation theory predicts biased offspring sex ratios in relation to local conditions if they would maximize parental lifetime reproductive return. In mammals, the extent of the birth sex bias is often unpredictable and inconsistent, leading some to question its evolutionary significance. For facultative adjustment of sex ratios to occur, males and females would need to be detectably different from an early developmental stage, but classic sexual dimorphism arises from hormonal influences after gonadal development...
November 18, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812547/acute-hemodynamic-effects-of-inhaled-sodium-nitrite-in-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#11
Marc A Simon, Rebecca R Vanderpool, Mehdi Nouraie, Timothy N Bachman, Pamela M White, Masataka Sugahara, John Gorcsan, Ed L Parsley, Mark T Gladwin
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with poor outcomes, yet specific treatments only exist for a small subset of patients. The most common form of PH is that associated with left heart disease (Group 2), for which there is no approved therapy. Nitrite has shown efficacy in preclinical animal models of Group 1 and 2 PH, as well as in patients with left heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a potentially novel inhaled formulation of nitrite in PH-HFpEF patients as compared with Group 1 and 3 PH...
November 3, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807783/assessment-of-uptake-and-phytotoxicity-of-cyanobacterial-extracts-containing-microcystins-or-cylindrospermopsin-on-parsley-petroselinum-crispum-l-and-coriander-coriandrum-sativum-l
#12
Ana L Pereira, Joana Azevedo, Vitor Vasconcelos
Blooms of harmful cyanobacteria that synthesize cyanotoxins are increasing worldwide. Agronomic plants can uptake these cyanotoxins and given that plants are ultimately ingested by humans, this represents a public health problem. In this research, parsley and coriander grown in soil and watered through 7 days with crude extracts containing microcystins (MCs) or cylindrospermopsin (CYN) in 0.1-1 μg mL(-1) concentration range were evaluated concerning their biomass, biochemical parameters and uptake of cyanotoxins...
November 2, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795735/respiration-activity-monitoring-system-for-any-individual-well-of-a-48-well-microtiter-plate
#13
David Flitsch, Sebastian Krabbe, Tobias Ladner, Mario Beckers, Jana Schilling, Stefan Mahr, Uwe Conrath, Werner K Schomburg, Jochen Büchs
BACKGROUND: Small-scale micro-bioreactors have become the cultivation vessel of choice during the first steps of bioprocess development. They combine high cultivation throughput with enhanced cost efficiency per cultivation. To gain the most possible information in the early phases of process development, online monitoring of important process parameters is highly advantageous. One of these important process parameters is the oxygen transfer rate (OTR). Measurement of the OTR, however, is only available for small-scale fermentations in shake flasks via the established RAMOS technology until now...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771948/level-of-alkenylbenzenes-in-parsley-and-dill-based-teas-and-associated-risk-assessment-using-the-margin-of-exposure-approach
#14
Abdalmajeed M Alajlouni, Amer J Al-Malahmeh, Farida Nur Isnaeni, Sebastiaan Wesseling, Jacques Vervoort, Ivonne M C M Rietjens
Risk assessment of parsley and dill based teas that contain alkenylbenzenes was performed. To this end the estimated daily intake (EDI) of alkenylbenzenes resulting from use of the teas was quantified. Since most teas appeared to contain more than one alkenylbenzene, a combined risk assessment was performed based on equal potency of all alkenylbenzenes or using a so-called toxic equivalency (TEQ) approach through defining toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for the different alkenylbenzenes. The EDI values resulting from consuming one cup of tea a day were 0...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766890/pharmacokinetic-properties-and-drug-interactions-of-apigenin-a-natural-flavone
#15
Ding Tang, Keli Chen, Luqi Huang, Juan Li
Apigenin, a natural flavone, is widely distributed in plants such as celery, parsley and chamomile. It is present principally as glycosylated in nature. Higher intake of apigenin could reduce the risk of chronic diseases. It has gained particular interest in recent years as a beneficial, health-promoting agent with low intrinsic toxicity. Areas covered: This review summarizes and the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) properties of apigenin, and drug-drug interaction of apigenin. Expert opinion: Since apigenin is a bioactive plant flavone and is widely distributed in common food, its consumption through the diet is recommended...
October 21, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756017/consumers-sensitivity-to-androstenone-and-the-evaluation-of-different-cooking-methods-to-mask-boar-taint
#16
F Borrisser-Pairó, N Panella-Riera, M Gil, Z Kallas, M B Linares, M Egea, M D Garrido, M A Oliver
Boar taint is an unpleasant odour and flavour present in some entire male pigs that is due to the presence of androstenone and skatole. The aim of the study was to assess the sensitivity of 150 consumers to androstenone and to compare the acceptability and liking of meat from castrated and entire pigs, cooked with different cooking methods. Meat samples consisted of loins from castrated (CM) and entire male pigs (EM) with high levels of androstenone cooked by two cooking methods: sous-vide and fried/breaded with garlic and parsley...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746803/suitable-reference-genes-for-accurate-gene-expression-analysis-in-parsley-petroselinum-crispum-for-abiotic-stresses-and-hormone-stimuli
#17
Meng-Yao Li, Xiong Song, Feng Wang, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Parsley, one of the most important vegetables in the Apiaceae family, is widely used in the food, medicinal, and cosmetic industries. Recent studies on parsley mainly focus on its chemical composition, and further research involving the analysis of the plant's gene functions and expressions is required. qPCR is a powerful method for detecting very low quantities of target transcript levels and is widely used to study gene expression. To ensure the accuracy of results, a suitable reference gene is necessary for expression normalization...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706237/inducible-expression-of-the-de-novo-designed-antimicrobial-peptide-sp1-1-in-tomato-confers-resistance-to-xanthomonas-campestris-pv-vesicatoria
#18
Areli Herrera Diaz, Izabella Kovacs, Christian Lindermayr
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small peptides with less than 50 amino acids and are part of the innate immune response in almost all organisms, including bacteria, vertebrates, invertebrates and plants. AMPs are active against a broad-spectrum of pathogens. The inducible expression of AMPs in plants is a promising approach to combat plant pathogens with minimal negative side effects, such as phytotoxicity or infertility. In this study, inducible expression of the de-novo designed AMP SP1-1 in Micro Tom tomato protected tomato fruits against bacterial spot disease caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704219/abundant-collateralization-of-temporal-lobe-projections-to-the-accumbens-bed-nucleus-of-stria-terminalis-central-amygdala-and-lateral-septum
#19
Rhett A Reichard, Suriya Subramanian, Mikiyas T Desta, Tej Sura, Mary L Becker, Comeron W Ghobadi, Kenneth P Parsley, Daniel S Zahm
Behavioral flexibility is subserved in part by outputs from the cerebral cortex to telencephalic subcortical structures. In our earlier evaluation of the organization of the cortical-subcortical output system (Reynolds and Zahm, J Neurosci 25:11757-11767, 2005), retrograde double-labeling was evaluated in the prefrontal cortex following tracer injections into pairs of the following subcortical telencephalic structures: caudate-putamen, core and shell of the accumbens (Acb), bed nucleus of stria terminalis (BST) and central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA)...
October 4, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677090/red-light-dose-or-wavelength-dependent-photoresponse-of-antioxidants-in-herb-microgreens
#20
Giedė Samuolienė, Aušra Brazaitytė, Akvilė Viršilė, Julė Jankauskienė, Sandra Sakalauskienė, Pavelas Duchovskis
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of 638-nm and 665-nm LEDs on changes of antioxidants of basil (Ocimum basilicum) and parsley (Petroselinum crispum), and to assess the effect of light quality on antioxidative status. Plants were grown in peat substrate for 19 days (21/17 ±2°C, 16 h). Experiments were performed in (I) a controlled-environment: B455,R638,R665,FR731(control); B455,R*638,R665,FR731; B455,R638,R*665,FR731; R638; R665 (B-blue, R- red, FR-far-red light). PPFD was set from 231 during growth, upto 300 μmol m-2 s-1 during 3-day treatment changing R638 or R665 PPFD level; in (II) greenhouse (November): high-pressure sodium lamps (HPS) (control-300 μmol m-2s-1); and HPS + 638 (HPS generated 90 and red LEDs-210 μmol m-2s-1)...
2016: PloS One
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