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irish moss

Tawut Rudtanatip, Sharon A Lynch, Kanokpan Wongprasert, Sarah C Culloty
Seaweeds contain a number of health enhancing and antimicrobial bioactive compounds including sulfated polysaccharides (SP). In the present study, SP extracted from a European red seaweed Irish moss Chondrus crispus was chemically analyzed, SP content extracted and the immune-response effect on wild Irish mussels Mytilus spp. investigated for the first time. A high percent yield of SP was extracted from C. crispus and the immune-stimulant activity of SP was assessed in a laboratory trial with mussels exposed to three different treatments of low (10 μg mL-1 ), medium (20 μg mL-1 ) and high (50 μg mL-1 ) SP dose concentrations and a control mussel group with no exposure to SP...
April 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Noelia Castillejo, Ginés Benito Martínez-Hernández, Valentina Goffi, Perla A Gómez, Encarna Aguayo, Francisco Artés, Francisco Artés-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Some algae are an excellent sources of vitamin B12, of special interest for vegetarian/vegan consumers, and of fucose to supplement fruit and vegetable beverages such as smoothies. Nevertheless, supplementation of smoothies with algae may lead to possible quality changes during smoothie shelf life that need to be studied. Therefore, the quality changes in fresh green smoothies supplemented (2.2%) with nine edible algae (sea lettuce, kombu, wakame, thongweed, dulse, Irish moss, nori, Spirulina and Chlorella) were studied throughout 24 days at 5 °C...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Justin Lee, Shounak Ghosh, Milton H Saier
Galdieria sulphuraria and Cyanidioschyzon merolae are thermo-acidophilic unicellular red algal cousins capable of living in volcanic environments, although the former can additionally thrive in the presence of toxic heavy metals. Bioinformatic analyses of transport systems were carried out on their genomes, as well as that of the mesophilic multicellular red alga Chondrus crispus (Irish moss). We identified transport proteins related to the metabolic capabilities, physiological properties, and environmental adaptations of these organisms...
June 2017: Journal of Phycology
Mathew S Snow, Darin C Snyder
(135)Cs/(137)Cs isotopic analyses represent an important tool for studying the fate and transport of radiocesium in the environment; in this work the (135)Cs/(137)Cs isotopic composition in environmental samples taken from across Europe is reported. Surface soil and vegetation samples from western Russia, Ukraine, Austria, and Hungary show consistent aged thermal fission product (135)Cs/(137)Cs isotope ratios of 0.58 ± 0.01 (age corrected to 1/1/15), with the exception of one sample of soil-moss from Hungary which shows an elevated (135)Cs/(137)Cs ratio of 1...
January 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Chris J Chandler, Bodo D Wilts, Silvia Vignolini, Juliet Brodie, Ullrich Steiner, Paula J Rudall, Beverley J Glover, Thomas Gregory, Rachel H Walker
The marine world is incredibly rich in brilliant and intense colours. Photonic structures are found in many different species and provide extremely complex optical responses that cannot be achieved solely by pigments. In this study we examine the cuticular structure of the red alga Chondrus crispus (Irish Moss) using anatomical and optical approaches. We experimentally measure the optical response of the multilayer structure in the cuticle. Using finite-difference time-domain modelling, we demonstrate conclusively for the first time that the dimensions and organisation of lamellae are responsible for the blue structural colouration on the surface of the fronds...
July 3, 2015: Scientific Reports
Vipul D Prajapati, Pankaj M Maheriya, Girish K Jani, Himanshu K Solanki
Polysaccharides have been gaining interesting and valuable applications in the food and pharmaceutical fields. As they are derived from the natural source, they are easily available, non-toxic, cheap, biodegradable and biocompatible. Carrageenan is one among them, which fulfills the criteria of polysaccharide; it is a natural carbohydrate (polysaccharide) obtained from edible red seaweeds. The name Carrageenan is derived from the Chondrus crispus species of seaweed (Rhodophyceace) known as Carrageen Moss or Irish Moss, and Carraigin...
May 25, 2014: Carbohydrate Polymers
Clare O'Connell, Aoife Cassidy, Desmond O'Neill, Hilary Moss
BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing interest in the arts in health care, with a suggestion that the arts and aesthetics can augment patient outcomes in stroke and other illnesses. Designing such programmes requires better knowledge of the artistic, aesthetic, and cultural pursuits of people affected by stroke. The aim of this study was to obtain the insights of this group about the profile of art and aesthetic activities in their lives and the influence of stroke on these aspects...
November 2013: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Jonas Collén, Betina Porcel, Wilfrid Carré, Steven G Ball, Cristian Chaparro, Thierry Tonon, Tristan Barbeyron, Gurvan Michel, Benjamin Noel, Klaus Valentin, Marek Elias, François Artiguenave, Alok Arun, Jean-Marc Aury, José F Barbosa-Neto, John H Bothwell, François-Yves Bouget, Loraine Brillet, Francisco Cabello-Hurtado, Salvador Capella-Gutiérrez, Bénédicte Charrier, Lionel Cladière, J Mark Cock, Susana M Coelho, Christophe Colleoni, Mirjam Czjzek, Corinne Da Silva, Ludovic Delage, France Denoeud, Philippe Deschamps, Simon M Dittami, Toni Gabaldón, Claire M M Gachon, Agnès Groisillier, Cécile Hervé, Kamel Jabbari, Michael Katinka, Bernard Kloareg, Nathalie Kowalczyk, Karine Labadie, Catherine Leblanc, Pascal J Lopez, Deirdre H McLachlan, Laurence Meslet-Cladiere, Ahmed Moustafa, Zofia Nehr, Pi Nyvall Collén, Olivier Panaud, Frédéric Partensky, Julie Poulain, Stefan A Rensing, Sylvie Rousvoal, Gaelle Samson, Aikaterini Symeonidi, Jean Weissenbach, Antonios Zambounis, Patrick Wincker, Catherine Boyen
Red seaweeds are key components of coastal ecosystems and are economically important as food and as a source of gelling agents, but their genes and genomes have received little attention. Here we report the sequencing of the 105-Mbp genome of the florideophyte Chondrus crispus (Irish moss) and the annotation of the 9,606 genes. The genome features an unusual structure characterized by gene-dense regions surrounded by repeat-rich regions dominated by transposable elements. Despite its fairly large size, this genome shows features typical of compact genomes, e...
March 26, 2013: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Z M Hu, W Li, J J Li, D L Duan
Range expansions and gene flow as micro-evolutionary processes played a leading role in the population demographic history of marine organisms. Herein, we sequenced partial mtDNA Cox1 gene from 26 assigned geographical populations to understand how Irish moss (Chondrus crispus) responded to severe climatic oscillations during the Pleistocene glaciations and contemporary forces such as gene flow. Phylogeographic patterns indicated that haplotype frequency distributions were strongly skewed, with nearly half found only in single samples and thus restricted to a single population...
March 2011: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1946: Federation Proceedings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1946: Canadian Journal of Research
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1946: Canadian Journal of Research
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1946: Journal of Biological Chemistry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1948: Canadian Journal of Research
B Sen Gupta, M Curran, Shameem Hasan, T K Ghosh
Peat has been widely used as a low cost adsorbent to remove a variety of materials including organic compounds and heavy metals from water. Various functional groups in lignin allow such compounds to bind on active sites of peat. The adsorption of Cu(2+) and Ni(2+) from aqueous solutions on Irish peat moss was studied both as a pure ion and from their binary mixtures under both equilibrium and dynamic conditions in the concentration range of 5-100mg/L. The pH of the solutions containing either Cu(2+) or Ni(2+) was varied over a range of 2-8...
February 2009: Journal of Environmental Management
H Moss, E Nolan, D O'Neill
From 2005 to 2006 a professional orchestra (the Irish Chamber Orchestra) performed in a university teaching hospital with the aims of bringing live music to patients who could not access traditional concert venues and of improving quality of life for patients and staff. This was the first time an orchestra was resident in a hospital in the Republic of Ireland. An independent contemporaneous evaluation was carried out to assess the benefit of live music for patients. Live music in hospital was found to enhance the quality of the aesthetic environment of the hospital, with both patients and staff stating that listening to live music helped them to relax, feel happier and more positive...
November 2007: Irish Medical Journal
A C Moss, T Dugal, B Silke
BACKGROUND: The Medical Council in Ireland is currently implementing Competence Assurance Structures (CAS). Peer review has been proposed as a tool to measure physician competence. AIMS: To assess the attitudes of physicians working in the Irish healthcare system to a peer review programme of competence assurance prior to its implementation. METHODS: A postal survey was sent to all physicians in the Irish Medical Directory in November 2003...
July 2005: Irish Journal of Medical Science
A Moss, E Clarke, J Crowe, J Lennon, P Mac Mathuna
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic surveillance of patients with Barrett's oesophagus is recommended to detect early carcinoma. The practice patterns of endoscopists since the publication of more recent management guidelines remain unknown. METHODS: All endoscopists (n=68) in the Irish Medical Directory and their trainees were sent a postal questionnaire on Barrett's surveillance. RESULTS: Fifty-five per cent (30/54) perform surveillance on all patients with Barrett's oesophagus and 38% on selected patients...
October 2003: Irish Journal of Medical Science
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1958: Journal of Biological Chemistry
J Wu, L J West, D I Stewart
The type and amount of organic matter present in industrially contaminated soils will influence the risk they pose. Previous studies have shown the importance of humic and fulvic acids (FAs) (important components of soil organic matter) in increasing the solubility of toxic metals but were not carried out using toxic metal levels and the pH range typical of industrially contaminated soils. This study investigated the influence of three humic substances (HSs: humates, fulvates and humins) on the solubility of copper(II) ions in kaolinitic soil spiked with Cu at levels representative of industrially contaminated soil...
October 14, 2002: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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