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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423417/multi-species-mating-disruption-in-cranberries-ericales-ericaceae-early-evidence-using-a-flowable-emulsion
#1
Shawn A Steffan, Elissa M Chasen, Annie E Deutsch, Agenor Mafra-Neto
Pheromone-based mating disruption has proven to be a powerful pest management tactic in many cropping systems. However, in the cranberry system, a viable mating disruption program does not yet exist. There are commercially available pheromones for several of the major pests of cranberries, including the cranberry fruitworm, Acrobasis vaccinii Riley (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and blackheaded fireworm, Rhopobota naevana (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Previous studies have shown that mating disruption represents a promising approach for R...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421045/cranberry-juice-and-combinations-of-its-organic-acids-are-effective-against-experimental-urinary-tract-infection
#2
Heidi D Jensen, Carsten Struve, Søren B Christensen, Karen A Krogfelt
The antibacterial effect of cranberry juice and the organic acids therein on infection by uropathogenic Escherichia coli was studied in an experimental mouse model of urinary tract infection (UTI). Reduced bacterial counts were found in the bladder (P < 0.01) of mice drinking fresh cranberry juice. Commercially available cranberry juice cocktail also significantly reduced (P < 0.01) bacterial populations in the bladder, as did the hydrophilic fraction of cranberry juice (P < 0.05). Quinic, malic, shikimic, and citric acid, the preponderant organic acids in cranberry juice, were tested in combination and individually...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415444/formulation-of-thermoreversible-gel-of-cranberry-juice-concentrate-evaluation-biocompatibility-studies-and-its-antimicrobial-activity-against-periodontal-pathogens
#3
Rajeshwari H R, Dinesh Dhamecha, Satveer Jagwani, Dhanashree Patil, Satisha Hegde, Raksha Potdar, Renuka Metgud, Sunil Jalalpure, Subarna Roy, Kiran Jadhav, Neeraj Kumar Tiwari, Sravani Koduru, Shweta Hugar, Suneel Dodamani
The present work aims to investigate the efficacy of thermoreversible gel of cranberry juice concentrate (CJC) as local drug delivery for the treatment of periodontitis. CJC was initially tested for its antimicrobial activities like MIC, MBC, antiadhesion, antibiofilm and time kill assay against the panel of organisms (S. mutans (SM), E. faecalis (EF), A. actinomycetemcomitans (AA), P. gingivalis (PG), T. forsythia (TF)) responsible for periapical and periodontal infections. Antimicrobial activity of CJC showed MIC value of 50mg/ml and MBC value of 100mg/ml with desirable antiadhesion (83-90%) and antibiofilm activity (70-85%)...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364867/preventing-urinary-tract-infections-after-menopause-without-antibiotics
#4
REVIEW
Marta Caretto, Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Tommaso Simoncini
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections in women, and increase in incidence after the menopause. It is important to uncover underlying abnormalities or modifiable risk factors. Several risk factors for recurrent UTIs have been identified, including the frequency of sexual intercourse, spermicide use and abnormal pelvic anatomy. In postmenopausal women UTIs often accompany the symptoms and signs of the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Antimicrobial prophylaxis has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the risk of recurrent UTIs in women, but this may lead to drug resistance of both the causative microorganisms and the indigenous flora...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357646/the-usefulness-of-non-toxic-plant-metabolites-in-the-control-of-bacterial-proliferation
#5
Sergio Gutiérrez, Alfredo Morán, Honorina Martínez-Blanco, Miguel A Ferrero, Leandro B Rodríguez-Aparicio
The effect of generally recognised as safe (GRAS) plant metabolites in regulating the growth of human pathogenic and probiotic bacteria and in the formation of biofilm was investigated. Thymol, carvacrol and eugenol showed the strongest antibacterial action against both pathogenic and probiotic microorganisms, at a subinhibitory concentration (SIC) of ≤50 μg ml(-1). Genistein, hydroquinone, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and resveratrol also showed antibacterial effects but at a wide concentration range (SIC = 50-1000 μg ml(-1))...
March 29, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336605/draft-genome-sequence-of-chromobacterium-subtsugae-mwu12-2387-isolated-from-a-wild-cranberry-bog-in-truro-massachusetts
#6
Kristin Vöing, Alisha Harrison, Scott D Soby
Chromobacterium subtsugae MWU12-2387 was isolated from the rhizosphere of cranberry plants. While it is unknown what environmental role these bacteria play in bog soils, they hold potential as biological control agents against nematodes and insect pests. Potential virulence genes were identified, including the violacein synthesis pathway, siderophores, and several chitinases.
March 23, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294257/protein-bound-vaccinium-fruit-polyphenols-decrease-ige-binding-to-peanut-allergens-and-rbl-2h3-mast-cell-degranulation-in-vitro
#7
Nathalie J Plundrich, Rishipal R Bansode, E Allen Foegeding, Leonard L Williams, Mary Ann Lila
Peanut allergy is a worldwide health concern. In this study, the natural binding properties of plant-derived polyphenols to proteins was leveraged to produce stable protein-polyphenol complexes comprised of peanut proteins and cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) or lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) pomace polyphenols. Protein-bound and free polyphenols were characterized and quantified by multistep extraction of polyphenols from protein-polyphenol complexes. Immunoblotting was performed with peanut-allergic plasma to determine peanut protein-specific IgE binding to unmodified peanut protein, or to peanut protein-polyphenol complexes...
April 19, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291888/cranberry-capsules-for-bacteriuria-plus-pyuria-in-nursing-home-residents-reply
#8
LETTER
Manisha Juthani-Mehta, Peter H Van Ness, Peter Peduzzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291884/cranberry-capsules-for-bacteriuria-plus-pyuria-in-nursing-home-residents
#9
LETTER
Kerry L LaPlante, Christian M Gill, David Rowley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291883/cranberry-capsules-for-bacteriuria-plus-pyuria-in-nursing-home-residents
#10
LETTER
Chloé Anderson, Kevin McGregor, James A Hanley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290364/estimation-of-kinetic-parameters-of-anthocyanins-and-color-degradation-in-vitamin-c-fortified-cranberry-juice-during-storage
#11
Sunisa Roidoung, Kirk D Dolan, Muhammad Siddiq
Color degradation in cranberry juice during storage is the most common consumer complaint. To enhance nutritional quality, juice is typically fortified with vitamin C. This study determined effect of gallic acid, a natural antioxidant, for the preservation of anthocyanins (ACYs) and color, and estimated kinetics of ACYs and color degradation. Juice, fortified with 40-80mg/100mL vitamin C and 0-320mg/100mL gallic acid, was pasteurized at 85°C for 1min and stored at 23°C for 16days. Total monomeric anthocyanins and red color intensity were evaluated spectrophotometrically and data were used to determine degradation rate constants (k values) and order of reaction (n) of ACYs and color...
April 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290272/strawberry-and-cranberry-polyphenols-improve-insulin-sensitivity-in-insulin-resistant-non-diabetic-adults-a-parallel-double-blind-controlled-and-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Martine Paquette, Ana S Medina Larqué, S J Weisnagel, Yves Desjardins, Julie Marois, Geneviève Pilon, Stéphanie Dudonné, André Marette, Hélène Jacques
Plant-derived foods rich in polyphenols are associated with several cardiometabolic health benefits, such as reduced postprandial hyperglycaemia. However, their impact on whole-body insulin sensitivity using the hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp technique remains under-studied. We aimed to determine the effects of strawberry and cranberry polyphenols (SCP) on insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, insulin secretion, lipid profile, inflammation and oxidative stress markers in free-living insulin-resistant overweight or obese human subjects (n 41) in a parallel, double-blind, controlled and randomised clinical trial...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288837/can-cranberries-contribute-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-urinary-tract-infections-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#13
Ângelo Luís, Fernanda Domingues, Luísa Pereira
PURPOSE: To clarify the association between cranberries intake and the prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs). METHODS: It was performed a systematic review, complied with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis) statement, followed by a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA) of clinical trials. RESULTS: The results clearly show the potential use of cranberries in a clinical condition of UTI...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287476/absorption-metabolism-and-excretion-of-cranberry-poly-phenols-in-humans-a-dose-response-study-and-assessment-of-inter-individual-variability
#14
Rodrigo P Feliciano, Charlotte E Mills, Geoffrey Istas, Christian Heiss, Ana Rodriguez-Mateos
The beneficial health effects of cranberries have been attributed to their (poly)phenol content. Recent studies have investigated the absorption, metabolism and excretion of cranberry (poly)phenols; however, little is known about whether they follow a dose response in vivo at different levels of intake. An acute double-blind randomized controlled trial in 10 healthy men with cranberry juices containing 409, 787, 1238, 1534 and 1910 mg total (poly)phenols was performed. Blood and urine were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261001/effects-of-cranberry-vaccinum-macrocarpon-supplementation-on-iron-status-and-inflammatory-markers-in-rowers
#15
Anna Skarpańska-Stejnborn, Piotr Basta, Jerzy Trzeciak, Alicja Michalska, M Emin Kafkas, Donata Woitas-Ślubowska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of supplementation with cranberry (Vaccinum macrocarpon) on the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, hepcidin and selected markers of iron metabolism in rowers subjected to exhaustive exercise. METHODS: This double-blind study included 16 members of the Polish Rowing Team. The subjects were randomly assigned to the supplemented group (n = 9), receiving 1200 mg of cranberry extract for 6 weeks, or to the placebo group (n = 7)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250016/construction-of-a-high-density-american-cranberry-vaccinium-macrocarpon-ait-composite-map-using-genotyping-by-sequencing-for-multi-pedigree-linkage-mapping
#16
Brandon Schlautman, Giovanny Covarrubias-Pazaran, Luis Diaz-Garcia, Massimo Iorizzo, James Polashock, Edward Grygleski, Nicholi Vorsa, Juan Zalapa
The American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) is a recently domesticated, economically important, fruit crop with limited molecular resources. New genetic resources could accelerate genetic gain in cranberry through characterization of its genomic structure and by enabling molecular-assisted breeding strategies. To increase the availability of cranberry genomic resources, genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) was used to discover and genotype thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within three interrelated cranberry full-sib populations...
April 3, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245642/flight-synchrony-among-the-major-moth-pests-of-cranberries-in-the-upper-midwest-usa
#17
Shawn A Steffan, Merritt E Singleton, Jayne Sojka, Elissa M Chasen, Annie E Deutsch, Juan E Zalapa, Christelle Guédot
The cranberry fruitworm (Acrobasis vaccinii Riley), sparganothis fruitworm (Sparganothis sulfureana Clemens), and blackheaded fireworm (Rhopobota naevana Hübner) are historically significant pests of cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton) in the Upper Midwest (Wisconsin), USA. Their respective natural histories are well documented but correlations between developmental benchmarks (e.g., larval eclosion) and degree-day accruals are not yet known. Treatment timings are critical to the optimization of any given control tactic, and degree-day accrual facilitates optimization by quantifying the developmental status of pest populations...
February 26, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242037/influence-of-high-power-ultrasound-on-selected-moulds-yeasts-and-alicyclobacillus-acidoterrestris-in-apple-cranberry-and-blueberry-juice-and-nectar
#18
Anet Režek Jambrak, Marina Šimunek, Silva Evačić, Ksenija Markov, Goran Smoljanić, Jadranka Frece
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of non-thermal technology, high power ultrasound (HPU) on inactivation of Aspergillus ochraceus 318, Penicillium expansum 565, Rhodotorula sp. 74, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 5 and Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris DSM 3922 in clear juices and nectars from apple, blueberry and cranberry juice concentrate. Inoculated juice and nectars were treated by high power ultrasound (20kHz) according to procedure set by central composite design (CCD). Three operational parameters, amplitude (60, 90 and 120μm), temperature (20, 40 and 60°C), and treatment time (3, 6 or 9min) were varied in order to observe the influence of ultrasound and combination of ultrasound and slight heating (thermosonication) on growth and inactivation of selected microorganisms...
February 17, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230697/cranberry-capsules-don-t-prevent-bacteriuria-plus-pyuria-in-older-women
#19
Karen Rosenberg, Joan Zolot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190352/polyphenol-interactions-mitigate-the-immunogenicity-and-allergenicity-of-gliadins
#20
Maxime Pérot, Roberta Lupi, Sylvain Guyot, Carine Delayre-Orthez, Pascale Gadonna-Widehem, Jean-Yves Thébaudin, Marie Bodinier, Colette Larré
Wheat allergy is an IgE-mediated disorder. Polyphenols, which are known to interact with certain proteins, could be used to reduce allergic reactions. This study screened several polyphenol sources for their ability to interact with gliadins, mask epitopes, and affect basophil degranulation. Polyphenol extracts from artichoke leaves, cranberries, apples, and green tea leaves were examined. Of these extracts, the first three formed insoluble complexes with gliadins. Only the cranberry and apple extracts masked epitopes in dot blot assays using anti-gliadin IgG and IgE antibodies from patients with wheat allergies...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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