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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629701/a-polymethoxyflavone-mixture-extracted-from-orange-peels-mainly-containing-nobiletin-3-3-4-5-6-7-8-heptamethoxyflavone-and-tangeretin-suppresses-melanogenesis-through-the-acidification-of-cell-organelles-including-melanosomes
#1
Norihiro Yoshizaki, Ron Hashizume, Hitoshi Masaki
BACKGROUND: Skin color is determined by melanin contents and its distribution. Melanin is synthesized in melanosomes of melanocytes, catalyzed by tyrosinase, melanogenic enzymes. Regarding the process of melanin synthesis, melanosomal pH is considered to play an important role, because it has been reported to differ between Caucasian and Black melanocytes. OBJECTIVE: Although polymethoxyflavone (PMF) has many beneficial effects, it has not been reported which PMF suppresses melanogenesis...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619587/chemicalome-and-metabolome-profiling-of-polymethoxylated-flavonoids-in-citri-reticulatae-pericarpium-based-on-an-integrated-strategy-combining-background-subtraction-and-modified-mass-defect-filter-in-a-microsoft-excel-platform
#2
Su-Ling Zeng, Li Duan, Bai-Zhong Chen, Ping Li, E-Hu Liu
Detection of metabolites in complex biological matrixes is a great challenge because of the background noise and endogenous components. Herein, we proposed an integrated strategy that combined background subtraction program and modified mass defect filter (MMDF) data mining in a Microsoft Excel platform for chemicalome and metabolome profiling of the polymethoxylated flavonoids (PMFs) in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (CRP). The exogenously-sourced ions were firstly filtered out by the developed Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) program incorporated in the Microsoft Office...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577132/tangeretin-inhibits-neurodegeneration-and-attenuates-inflammatory-responses-and-behavioural-deficits-in-1-methyl-4-phenyl-1-2-3-6-tetrahydropyridine-mptp-induced-parkinson-s-disease-dementia-in-rats
#3
Jin-Song Yang, Xiao-Hong Wu, Hao-Gang Yu, Li-Song Teng
Our aim was to investigate whether tangeretin, a citrus flavonoid, was able to prevent neuroinflammation and improve dementia in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced rodent model of Parkinson's disease (PD). MPTP-HCl was infused into the substantia nigra pars compacta of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Tangeretin (50, 100 or 200 mg/kg body weight) was administered orally starting 3 days prior to MPTP injection and was continued for 20 days following injection. MPTP-lesioned rats revealed motor dysfunction in bar test and rota rod tests...
June 2, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501723/tangeretin-alters-neuronal-apoptosis-and-ameliorates-the-severity-of-seizures-in-experimental-epilepsy-induced-rats-by-modulating-apoptotic-protein-expressions-regulating-matrix-metalloproteinases-and-activating-the-pi3k-akt-cell-survival-pathway
#4
Xiao-Qian Guo, Yu-Ling Cao, Fang Hao, Zhong-Rui Yan, Mei-Ling Wang, Xue-Wu Liu
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is complex neural disarray categorized by recurring seizures. Despite recent advances in pharmacotherapies for epilepsy, its treatment remains a challenge due to the contrary effects of the drugs. As a result, the identification of novel anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) with neuroprotective properties and few side effects is of great value. Thus, the present study assessed the treatment effects of tangeretin using a rat model of pilocarpine-induced epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Separate groups of male Wistar rats received oral administrations of tangeretin at 50, 100, or 200mg/kg for 10 days and then, on the 10th day, they received an intraperitoneal injection of pilocarpine (30mg/kg)...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484748/tangeretin-improves-glucose-uptake-in-a-coculture-of-hypertrophic-adipocytes-and-macrophages-by-attenuating-inflammatory-changes
#5
Hye-Sun Shin, Seong-Il Kang, Hee-Chul Ko, Deok-Bae Park, Se-Jae Kim
Obesity is characterized by a state of chronic low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance, which are aggravated by the interaction between hypertrophic adipocytes and macrophages. In this study, we investigated the effects of tangeretin on inflammatory changes and glucose uptake in a coculture of hypertrophic adipocytes and macrophages. Tangeretin decreased nitric oxide production and the expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and cyclooxygenase-2 in a coculture of 3T3-L1 adipocytes and RAW 264...
March 2017: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474543/neuroprotective-effects-of-citrus-fruit-derived-flavonoids-nobiletin-and-tangeretin-in-alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Nady Braidy, Sahar Behzad, Solomon Habtemariam, Touqeer Ahmed, Maria Daglia, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Eduardo Sobarzo-Sanchez, Seyed Fazel Nabavi
Neurodegenerative diseases, namely Alzheimer`s disease and Parkinson's disease represent a deleterious impact worldwide. Despite extensive preclinical and clinical research in neurodegenerative disorders, therapeutic strategies aimed at the prevention and chronic treatment of neurodegenerative conditions have not been successfully translated to the clinic. Therefore, the identification of novel pharmacological intervention derived from natural products is warranted. Nobiletin and tangeretin are important citrus flavonoids derived from the peel and other parts of Citrus L...
March 27, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433435/fabric-phase-sorptive-extraction-as-a-reliable-tool-for-rapid-screening-and-detection-of-freshness-markers-in-oranges
#7
M Aznar, S Úbeda, C Nerin, A Kabir, K G Furton
A simple, fast and sensitive analyte extraction method based on fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE) followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) analysis was developed for the analysis of 12 volatile compounds that represent most of the principal chemical families possessing different polarities and volatilities. Five FPSE media coated with different sol-gel sorbent chemistries having different polarities and selectivities were studied: long chain poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), short chain poly(tetrahydrofuran) (PTHF), Carbowax 20M (CW20M), short chain poly(dimethyl siloxane) (SC PDMS) and polyethylene glycol-polypropylene glycol-polyethylene glycol triblock copolymer (PEG-PPG-PEG)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416860/characterization-of-phenolic-profile-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-different-fruit-part-from-lemon-citrus-limon-burm-cultivars
#8
Wanpeng Xi, Juanfang Lu, Junping Qun, Bining Jiao
Phenolic composition and antioxidant capacity of different fruit part including peel, pulp, juice, whole fruit and seed from five lemon cultivars (Feiminailao, Cuningmeng Limeng, Pangdelusaningmeng, Beijingningmeng) were investigated. Caffeic acid (9.31-741.4 μg/g FW) and chlorogenic acid (2.7-527.5 μg/g FW) were the dominant phenolic acid in fruit tested, Pangdelusaningmeng (PD) and Limeng peels with the highest contents, respectively. Hesperidin was the predominant flavanone (10.27-3315 μg/g FW), Cuningmeng (CN) peels with the highest level...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407962/evaluation-of-bioactive-flavonoids-and-antioxidant-activity-in-pericarpium-citri-reticulatae-citrus-reticulata-chachi-during-storage
#9
Manqin Fu, Yujuan Xu, Yulong Chen, Jijun Wu, Yuanshan Yu, Bo Zou, Kejing An, Gengsheng Xiao
A simple and accurate method using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with dual wavelength detection was developed to simultaneously determine the contents of one flavanone glycoside (hesperidin) and five polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs: sinensetin, 4',5,7,8-tetramethoxyflavone, nobiletin, tangeretin and 5-O-desmethyl nobiletin) in Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae (Citrus reticulata 'Chachi') ('Chachi' PCR). By modifying the mobile phase compositions and detection wavelengths, an optimal HPLC condition was obtained, under which the calibration curves of all six compounds exhibited good linearity (R(2)>0...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314477/extraction-of-nobiletin-from-citrus-unshiu-peels-by-supercritical-fluid-and-its-cre-mediated-transcriptional-activity
#10
Chisato Oba, Masaki Ota, Koichiro Nomura, Hironori Fujiwara, Jiro Takito, Yoshiyuki Sato, Yasushi Ohizumi, Hiroshi Inomata
BACKGROUND: Polymethoxyflavone (PMF) is one of bioactive compounds in Citrus Unshiu and included mainly in the peels rather than the fruits, seeds and leaves. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: Supercritical CO2 extraction is one candidate for selective extraction of polymethoxyflavone and in this study, supercritical CO2 extraction with/without ethanol entrainer from Citrus Unshiu peels was examined at a temperature of 333K and a pressure of 30MPa. METHODS: CRE (cyclic AMP response element)-mediated transcriptional assay was examined by using the extracts from supercritical fluid extraction...
April 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245567/permeation-of-polymethoxyflavones-into-the-mouse-brain-and-their-effect-on-mk-801-induced-locomotive-hyperactivity
#11
Satoshi Okuyama, Kohei Miyazaki, Rie Yamada, Yoshiaki Amakura, Morio Yoshimura, Atsushi Sawamoto, Mitsunari Nakajima, Yoshiko Furukawa
Accumulating data have indicated that citrus polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) have the ability to affect brain function. In the present study, we showed that 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxy- flavone (HMF) given intraperitoneally to mice was immediately detected in the brain and that the permeability of the brain tissues to it was significantly higher than that of other citrus PMFs (nobiletin, tangeretin, and natsudaidain). The permeation of these PMFs into the brain well correlated with their abilities to suppress MK-801-induced locomotive hyperactivity, suggesting that HMF had the ability to act directly in the brain...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224016/characterization-of-major-metabolites-of-polymethoxylated-flavonoids-in-pericarpium-citri-reticulatae-using-liver-microsomes-immobilized-on-magnetic-nanoparticles-coupled-with-uplc-ms-ms
#12
Jun Lei, Ying Xue, Yi-Ming Liu, Xun Liao
The peels of citrus fruits (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, PCR) have long been used in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Polymethoxylated flavonoids (PMFs) were found to be the main components present in PCR extracts, but their metabolism remains unclear which restrain the utilization of this TCM. In the present work, rat liver microsomes were immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles (LMMNPs) for in vitro metabolic study on the whole PMFs of PCR. LMMNPs were characterized by transmission electron microscope and Fourier-transform infrared spectrum...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182421/encapsulation-of-polymethoxyflavones-in-citrus-oil-emulsion-based-delivery-systems
#13
Ying Yang, Chengying Zhao, Jingjing Chen, Guifang Tian, David Julian McClements, Hang Xiao, Jinkai Zheng
The purpose of this work was to elucidate the effects of citrus oil type on polymethoxyflavone (PMF) solubility and on the physicochemical properties of PMF-loaded emulsion-based delivery systems. Citrus oils were extracted from mandarin, orange, sweet orange, and bergamot. The major constituents were determined by GC/MS: sweet orange oil (97.4% d-limonene); mandarin oil (72.4% d-limonene); orange oil (67.2% d-limonene); and bergamot oil (34.6% linalyl acetate and 25.3% d-limonene). PMF-loaded emulsions were fabricated using 10% oil phase (containing 0...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165379/in-vitro-lipophilic-antioxidant-capacity-antidiabetic-and-antibacterial-activity-of-citrus-fruits-extracts-from-aceh-indonesia
#14
Ernawita, Ruri Agung Wahyuono, Jana Hesse, Uta-Christina Hipler, Peter Elsner, Volker Böhm
This study reports in vitro lipophilic antioxidant, inhibition of α-amylase and antibacterial activities of extracts of peel and pulp of citrus samples from Aceh, Indonesia. HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography), phytochemical, and FTIR (fourier transform infrared) analysis detected carotenoids, flavonoids, phenolic acids and terpenoids, contributing to the biological potencies. Most peel and pulp extracts contained lutein and lower concentrations of zeaxanthin, α-carotene, β-carotene and β-cryptoxanthin...
February 3, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152057/potent-effects-of-flavonoid-nobiletin-on-amplitude-period-and-phase-of-the-circadian-clock-rhythm-in-per2-luciferase-mouse-embryonic-fibroblasts
#15
Ayako Shinozaki, Kenichiro Misawa, Yuko Ikeda, Atsushi Haraguchi, Mayo Kamagata, Yu Tahara, Shigenobu Shibata
Flavonoids are natural polyphenols that are widely found in plants. The effects of flavonoids on obesity and numerous diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and Alzheimer's have been well studied. However, little is known about the relationships between flavonoids and the circadian clock. In this study, we show that continuous or transient application of flavonoids to the culture medium of embryonic fibroblasts from PER2::LUCIFERASE (PER2::LUC) mice induced various modifications in the circadian clock amplitude, period, and phase...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138336/chemical-compositions-chromatographic-fingerprints-and-antioxidant-activities-of-citri-exocarpium-rubrum-juhong
#16
Yang Zhao, Chun-Pin Kao, Chi-Ren Liao, Kun-Chang Wu, Xin Zhou, Yu-Ling Ho, Yuan-Shiun Chang
BACKGROUND: Citri Exocarpium Rubrum (CER), which is known as Juhong in Chinese, is the dried exocarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivars (Fam. Rutaceae) and is currently used in Chinese medicine to protect the stomach and eliminate dampness and phlegm. The main aim of this study was to develop a high-performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet mass spectrometry (HPLC-UV-MS) method for determining the chemical compositions and fingerprint of CER. We also evaluated the antioxidant properties of CER based on its 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) assays...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032362/prioritizing-pharmacokinetic-drug-interaction-precipitants-in-natural-products-application-to-oatp-inhibitors-in-grapefruit-juice
#17
Emily J Johnson, Christina S Won, Kathleen Köck, Mary F Paine
Natural products, including botanical dietary supplements and exotic drinks, represent an ever-increasing share of the health-care market. The parallel ever-increasing popularity of self-medicating with natural products increases the likelihood of co-consumption with conventional drugs, raising concerns for unwanted natural product-drug interactions. Assessing the drug interaction liability of natural products is challenging due to the complex and variable chemical composition inherent to these products, necessitating a streamlined preclinical testing approach to prioritize precipitant individual constituents for further investigation...
April 2017: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979270/enhancement-of-physical-stability-and-bioaccessibility-of-tangeretin-by-soy-protein-isolate-addition
#18
Jiawei Wan, Dong Li, Rong Song, Bakht Ramin Shah, Bin Li, Yan Li
Soy protein isolate (SPI) was selected to fabricate supersaturated self-emulsifying nanoemulsions, aiming to enhance physical stability and bioaccessibility of hydrophobic tangeretin. Dissolution studies demonstrated that tangeretin had the highest solubility in Tween 80, followed by oil phase solutions, and polymer solutions. Supersaturated tangeretin in oil phases easily formed crystals. That metastable zone was found to vary with its initial concentrations. After encapsulation by nanoemulsions, the addition of glycerol compressed the retention amount of tangeretin from 76% to 53%, but benefited the transparency...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806407/tangeretin-inhibits-il-12-expression-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-dendritic-cells-and-attenuates-colitis-in-mice
#19
Su-Hyeon Eun, Je-Te Woo, Dong-Hyun Kim
In the preliminary study, tangeretin (5,6,7,8,4'-pentamethoxy flavone), a major constituent of the pericarp of Citrus sp., inhibited TNF-α, IL-12, and IL-23 expression and nuclear factor kappa-B activation in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated dendritic cells; however, it did not affect IL-10 expression. Furthermore, tangeretin (5, 10, and 20 µM) suppressed the activation and translocation of nuclear factor kappa-B (p65) into the nuclei in vitro by inhibiting the binding of lipopolysaccharide on dendritic cells...
April 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616468/tangeretin-attenuates-cisplatin-induced-renal-injury-in-rats-impact-on-the-inflammatory-cascade-and-oxidative-perturbations
#20
Hany H Arab, Wafaa R Mohamed, Bassant M Barakat, El-Shaimaa A Arafa
BACKGROUND: Despite the efficacy of cisplatin as a chemotherapeutic agent against various cancers, its clinical utility is limited by serious adverse reactions including nephrotoxicity. AIM: The current study aims to investigate the protective potential of tangeretin, a citrus flavone with marked antioxidant actions, against cisplatin-induced renal injury in rats. METHODS: Tangeretin was administered at 50 and 100 mg/kg p.o. for 1 week starting one day before cisplatin (7...
October 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
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